# Santanu Mondal

## Contact Details

NameSantanu Mondal |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Lattice (20) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (14) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4) Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1) Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1) High Energy Physics - Theory (1) Nuclear Theory (1) |

## Publications Authored By Santanu Mondal

Galactic X-ray binary black hole candidate Swift~J1753.5-0127 was discovered on June 30 2005 by Swift/BAT instrument. In this paper, we make detailed analysis of spectral and timing properties of its 2005 outburst using RXTE/PCA archival data. Read More

The well known black hole candidate H~1743-322 exhibited temporal and spectral variabilities during several outbursts. Daily variation of the accretion rates and the flow geometry change on a daily basis during each of the outbursts could be understood very well using the recent implementation of two component advective flow (TCAF) solution of the viscous transonic flow equations as an additive table model in XSPEC. This has dramatically improved our understanding about the accretion flow dynamics. Read More

**Authors:**Zoltan Fodor

^{1}, Kieran Holland

^{2}, Julius Kuti

^{3}, Santanu Mondal

^{4}, Daniel Nogradi

^{5}, Chik Him Wong

^{6}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Wuppertal,

^{2}University of the Pacific,

^{3}U.C. San Diego,

^{4}Eotvos University,

^{5}Eotvos University,

^{6}University of Wuppertal

We report new results on the conformal properties of an important strongly
coupled gauge theory, a building block of composite Higgs models beyond the
Standard Model. With twelve massless fermions in the fundamental representation
of the SU(3) color gauge group, an infrared fixed point of the $\beta$-function
was recently reported in the theory (Cheng:2014jba) with uncertainty in the
location of the critical gauge coupling inside the narrow $[ 6.0

We analyze three sets of gauge ensembles in our extended physics program of a particularly important BSM gauge theory with a fermion doublet in the two-index symmetric (sextet) representation of the SU(3) BSM color gauge group. Our investigations include chiral symmetry breaking $\rm{(\chi SB)}$ in the p-regime and $\epsilon$-regime, the mass of the composite ${\rm 0^{++}}$ scalar, resonance spectroscopy, new physics from gauge anomaly constraints, and the role of stable sextet BSM baryons with Electroweak interactions in dark matter searches. Important new goals include studies of the ${\rm 0^{++}}$ scalar entangled with Goldstone dynamics in the p-regime and the $\epsilon$-regime, the resonance spectrum with particular attention to emerging LHC signals, like recent hints for diphoton excess at 750 GeV or diboson anomalies in the 2 TeV range. Read More

We report tests and results from a new approach to the spectral density and the mode number distribution of the Dirac operator in lattice gauge theories. The algorithm generates the spectral density of the lattice Dirac operator as a continuous function over all scales of the complete eigenvalue spectrum. This is distinct from an earlier method where the integrated spectral density (mode number) was calculated efficiently for some preselected fixed range of the integration. Read More

The Galactic transient black hole candidate (BHC) MAXI~J1659-152 exhibited temporal and spectral evolution during its very first X-ray outburst (2010) after its discovery on 25th Sept. 2010. Our recent studies of a few transient BHCs including MAXI~J1659-152 using Chakrabarti-Titarchuk two-component advective flow (TCAF) solution as an additive table local model in XSPEC revealed details of accretion flow dynamics around the black hole (BH). Read More

We derive accretion flow properties of the transient black hole candidate (BHC) MAXI~J1543-564 using the RXTE data. We use Two-Component Advective Flow (TCAF) solution to fit the data of the very initial rising phase of outburst (from 2011 May 10 to 2011 May 15). $2. Read More

We fit spectra of galactic transient source GX~339-4 during its 2013 outburst using Two Component Advective Flow (TCAF) solution. For the first time, we are fitting combined NuSTAR and Swift observation with TCAF. We use TCAF to fit 0. Read More

The Electroweak interactions of a strongly coupled gauge theory are discussed with outlook beyond the Standard Model (BSM) under global and gauge anomaly constraints. The theory is built on a minimal massless fermion doublet of the SU(2) BSM flavor group (bsm-flavor) with a confining gauge force at the TeV scale in the two-index symmetric (sextet) representation of the BSM SU(3) color gauge group (bsm-color). The intriguing possibility of near-conformal sextet gauge dynamics could lead to the minimal realization of the composite Higgs mechanism with a light $0^{++}$ scalar, far separated from strongly coupled resonances of the confining gauge force in the 2-3 TeV range, distinct from Higgsless Technicolor. Read More

The Galactic transient X-ray binary MAXI~J1836-194 was discovered on 29th August 2011. Here we make a detailed study of the spectral and timing properties of its 2011 outburst using archival data of RXTE Proportional Counter Array instrument. The evolution of accretion flow dynamics of the source during the outburst through spectral analysis with Chakrabarti-Titarchuk's two-component advective flow (TCAF) solution as a local table model in XSPEC. Read More

The scale-dependent renormalized coupling of SU(3) gauge theory coupled to Nf = 2 flavors of massless Dirac flavors in the sextet representation is presented in the range 0 < g^2 < 6.5. This range includes the location where the beta-function turns zero in the MSbar scheme to 3-loop and 4-loop approximations, however our non-perturbative result shows a monotonically increasing beta-function. Read More

It has long been proposed that low frequency QPOs in stellar mass black holes or their equivalents in super massive black holes are results of resonances between infall and cooling time scales. We explicitly compute these two time scales in a generic situation to show that resonances are easily achieved. During an outburst of a transient black hole candidate (BHC), the accretion rate of the Keplerian disk as well as the geometry of the Comptonizing cloud change very rapidly. Read More

We compute the renormalized running coupling of SU(3) gauge theory coupled to N_f = 2 flavors of massless Dirac fermions in the 2-index-symmetric (sextet) representation. This model is of particular interest as a minimal realization of the strongly interacting composite Higgs scenario. A recently proposed finite volume gradient flow scheme is used. Read More

Transient black hole candidates are interesting objects to study in X-rays as these sources show rapid evolutions in their spectral and temporal properties. In this paper, we study the spectral properties of the Galactic transient X-ray binary MAXI~J1659-152 during its very first outburst after discovery with the archival data of RXTE Proportional Counter Array instruments. We make a detailed study of the evolution of accretion flow dynamics during its 2010 outburst through spectral analysis using the Chakrabarti-Titarchuk two-component advective flow (TCAF) model as an additive table model in XSPEC. Read More

We compute the renormalized running coupling of SU(3) gauge theory coupled to N_f = 8 flavors of massless fundamental Dirac fermions. The recently proposed finite volume gradient flow scheme is used. The calculations are performed at several lattice spacings allowing for a controlled continuum extrapolation. Read More

Work in progress is reported on a particularly interesting gauge theory with a fermion doublet in the two-index symmetric (sextet) representation of the SU(3) color gauge group. Extending previous studies we outline our strategy as we investigate Goldstone dynamics and Electroweak scale setting from chiral symmetry breaking ($\chi$ SB), test the GMOR relation from the spectrum of the Dirac operator and the related chiral condensate, begin to develop and test mixed action based improved analysis of $\chi$ SB with new run plans at fixed topology to cross over from the p-regime to the epsilon-regime of $\chi$ SB, continue to pursue the light $0^{++}$ scalar and its relation to the dilaton, and probe the scale-dependent running coupling from the perturbative UV scale to the scale of chiral symmetry breaking. Our observations suggest that the model is very close to the conformal window and a light composite scalar, perhaps the Higgs impostor with or without dilaton-like interpretation, appears to emerge with $0^{++}$ quantum numbers. Read More

The strongly coupled near-conformal gauge theory with two fermion flavors in the two-index symmetric (sextet) representation of SU(3) is potentially a minimal realization of the composite Higgs mechanism. We discuss the staggered fermion construction of baryonic states, present our first numerical results and comment on implications for dark matter. Read More

The cut-off effects of the lattice gradient flow -- often called Wilson flow -- are calculated on a periodic 4-torus at leading order in the gauge coupling. A large class of discretizations is considered which includes all frequently used cases in practice. It is shown how the results lead to a smoother continuum extrapolation for the beta-function of SU(3) gauge theory with N_f = 4 flavors of fermions. Read More

In outburst sources, quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) frequency is known to evolve in a certain way: in the rising phase, it monotonically goes up till a soft intermediate state is achieved. In the propagating oscillatory shock model, oscillation of the Compton cloud is thought to cause QPOs. Thus, in order to increase QPO frequency, Compton cloud must collapse steadily in the rising phase. Read More

Accretion flows having positive specific energy are known to produce outflows and winds which escape to a large distance. According to Two Component Advective Flow (TCAF) model, centrifugal pressure dominated region of the flow just outside the black hole horizon, with or without shocks, acts as the base of this outflow. Electrons from this region are depleted due to the wind and consequently, energy transfer rate due to inverse Comptonization of low energy photons are affected. Read More

The Yang-Mills gradient flow and the observable E(t), defined by the square of the field strength tensor at t>0, are calculated at finite lattice spacing and tree-level in the gauge coupling. Improvement of the flow, the gauge action and the observable are all considered. The results are relevant for two purposes. Read More

Spectral and Temporal properties of black hole candidates can be explained reasonably well using Chakrabarti-Titarchuk solution of two component advective flow (TCAF). This model requires two accretion rates, namely, the Keplerian disk accretion rate and the halo accretion rate, the latter being composed of a sub-Keplerian, low angular momentum flow which may or may not develop a shock. In this solution, the relevant parameter is the relative importance of the halo (which creates the Compton cloud region) rate with respect to the Keplerian disk rate (soft photon source). Read More

We study accretion flow dynamics of Galactic transient black hole candidate (BHC) H 1743-322 during its 2010 outburst by analyzing spectral data using Two Component (Keplerian and sub-Keplerian) Advective Flow (TCAF) solution, after its inclusion in XSPEC as a local model. We compare our TCAF solution fitted results with combined disk black body and power-law model fitted results and find a similar smooth variation of thermal (Keplerian or disk black body) and non-thermal (power-law or sub-Keplerian) fluxes/rates in two types of model fits. For a spectral analysis, 2. Read More

We study the spectral properties of Galactic transient black hole candidate H 1743-322 during its early phase of 2010 outburst with Two Component Advective Flow (TCAF) model, after its inclusion in spectral analysis software package XSPEC as a local model. For the analysis, spectral data from RXTE/PCA instrument in 2.5-25 keV energy band are used. Read More

We study spectral properties of GX 339-4 during its 2010-11 outburst with Two Component Advective Flow (TCAF) model after its inclusion in XSPEC as a table model. We compare results fitted by TCAF model with combined disk black body and power-law model. For a spectral fit, we use 2. Read More

We explore different branches of the fermion doublers with Wilson fermion in perturbation theory, in the context of additive mass renormalization and chiral anomaly, and show that by appropriately averaging over suitably chosen branches one can reduce cut-off artifacts. Comparing the central branch with all other branches, we find that the central branch, among all the avatars of the Wilson fermion, is the most suitable candidate for exploring near conformal lattice field theories. Read More

We calculate pion mass, pion decay constant, PCAC quark mass and nucleon mass in two flavour lattice QCD with unimproved Wilson fermion and gauge actions. Simulations are performed using DD-HMC algorithm at two lattice spacings and two volumes for several values of the quark mass. The cutoff effects in pion mass and nucleon mass for the explored region of parameter space are found to be negligible. Read More

We study the two-point Topological Charge Density Correlator (TCDC) in lattice QCD with two degenerate flavours of naive Wilson fermions and unimproved Wilson gauge action at two values of lattice spacings and different volumes, for a range of quark masses. Configurations are generated with DDHMC algorithm and smoothed with HYP smearing. In order to shed light on the mechanisms leading to the observed suppression of topological susceptibility with respect to the decreasing quark mass and decreasing volume, in this work, we carry out a detailed study of the two-point TCDC. Read More

We consider a scheduler for the downlink of a wireless channel when only partial channel-state information is available at the scheduler. We characterize the network stability region and provide two throughput-optimal scheduling policies. We also derive a deterministic bound on the mean packet delay in the network. Read More

We perform an extensive study of autocorrelation of several observables in lattice QCD with two degenerate flavours of naive Wilson fermions and unimproved Wilson gauge action using DD-HMC algorithm. We show that (1) at a given lattice spacing, autocorrelation of topological susceptibility decreases with decreasing quark mass and autocorrelations of plaquette and Wilson loop do not increase with decreasing quark mass, (2) autocorrelation of topological susceptibility substantially increases with decreasing lattice spacing but autocorrelation of topological charge density correlator shows only mild increase and (3) increasing the size and the smearing level increase the autocorrelation of Wilson loop. Read More

We study the two-point Topological Charge Density Correlator (TCDC) in lattice QCD with two degenerate flavours of unimproved Wilson fermions and Wilson gauge action at two values of lattice spacings and different volumes, for a range of quark masses. Configurations are generated with DDHMC algorithm and smoothed with HYP smearing. In order to shed light on the mechanisms leading to the observed suppression of topological susceptibility with respect to the decreasing quark mass and decreasing volume, in this work, we carry out a detailed study of the two-point TCDC. Read More

We study the topological charge and the topological susceptibility in lattice QCD with two degenerate flavors of naive Wilson fermions at two values of lattice spacings and different volumes, for a range of quark masses. Configurations are generated with DDHMC/HMC algorithms and smoothened with HYP smearing. We present integrated autocorrelation time for both topological charge and topological susceptibility at the two lattice spacing values studied. Read More

We address a long standing problem regarding topology in lattice simulations of QCD with unimproved Wilson fermions. Earlier attempt with unimproved Wilson fermions at \beta =5.6 to verify the suppression of topological susceptibility with decreasing quark mass (m_q) was unable to unambiguously confirm the suppression. Read More

We demonstrate the effectiveness of averaging over the Wilson parameter r (which has been proposed earlier) in removing the cutoff effects of naive Wilson fermions in both the anomaly term and the pseudoscalar density term in the flavor singlet axial Ward identity at O(g^2) involving slowly varying background gauge fields. We show that it is the physical fermion contribution which is largely influenced by the r averaging. We have studied the possible interplay between finite size and cutoff effects by investigating in detail naive, O(a) improved and OStm Wilson fermion cases for a range of volumes and lattice fermion mass (am). Read More

The flavour singlet axial Ward identity with Osterwalder-Seiler twisted mass Wilson fermion action is studied on a finite lattice, with finite fermion mass and the Wilson parameter r up to 1. Approach to the infinite volume chiral limit and emergence of the anomaly is significantly better than that obtained with O(a) and O(a^2) improved fermion actions. We have shown explicitly that up to O(g^2), parity violating terms cancel in the Ward identity even at finite volume and finite lattice spacing. Read More