S. Zane - The LOFT Detector's Group

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S. Zane
The LOFT Detector's Group

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (36)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (18)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By S. Zane

We report on the results of a detailed phase-resolved spectroscopy of archival XMM--Newton observations of X-ray Dim Isolated Neutron Stars (XDINSs). Our analysis revealed a narrow and phase-variable absorption feature in the X-ray spectrum of RX J1308.6+2127. Read More

Affiliations: 1INAF/IASF, Milan, Janusz Gil Institut of Astronomy, University of Zielona Gora, 2INAF/OAR, 3UCL/MSSL, 4Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita' di Padova, 5Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita' di Padova, UCL/MSSL, 6UCL/MSSL, 7UCL/MSSL

The "Magnificent Seven" (M7) are a group of radio-quiet Isolated Neutron Stars (INSs) discovered in the soft X-rays through their purely thermal surface emission. Owing to the large inferred magnetic fields ($B\approx 10^{13}$ G), radiation from these sources is expected to be substantially polarised, independently on the mechanism actually responsible for the thermal emission. A large observed polarisation degree is, however, expected only if quantum-electrodynamics (QED) polarisation effects are present in the magnetised vacuum around the star. Read More

LOFT-P is a concept for a NASA Astrophysics Probe-Class (<$1B) X-ray timing mission, based on the LOFT concept originally proposed to ESAs M3 and M4 calls. LOFT-P requires very large collecting area (>6 m^2, >10x RXTE), high time resolution, good spectral resolution, broad-band spectral coverage (2-30 keV), highly flexible scheduling, and an ability to detect and respond promptly to time-critical targets of opportunity. It addresses science questions such as: What is the equation of state of ultra dense matter? What are the effects of strong gravity on matter spiraling into black holes? It would be optimized for sub-millisecond timing to study phenomena at the natural timescales of neutron star surfaces and black hole event horizons and to measure mass and spin of black holes. Read More

Authors: S. N. Zhang, M. Feroci, A. Santangelo, Y. W. Dong, H. Feng, F. J. Lu, K. Nandra, Z. S. Wang, S. Zhang, E. Bozzo, S. Brandt, A. De Rosa, L. J. Gou, M. Hernanz, M. van der Klis, X. D. Li, Y. Liu, P. Orleanski, G. Pareschi, M. Pohl, J. Poutanen, J. L. Qu, S. Schanne, L. Stella, P. Uttley, A. Watts, R. X. Xu, W. F. Yu, J. J. M. in 't Zand, S. Zane, L. Alvarez, L. Amati, L. Baldini, C. Bambi, S. Basso, S. Bhattacharyya, R. Bellazzini, T. Belloni, P. Bellutti, S. Bianchi, A. Brez, M. Bursa, V. Burwitz, C. Budtz-Jorgensen, I. Caiazzo, R. Campana, X. L. Cao, P. Casella, C. Y. Chen, L. Chen, T. X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. P. Chen, M. Civitani, F. Coti Zelati, W. Cui, W. W. Cui, Z. G. Dai, E. Del Monte, D. De Martino, S. Di Cosimo, S. Diebold, M. Dovciak, I. Donnarumma, V. Doroshenko, P. Esposito, Y. Evangelista, Y. Favre, P. Friedrich, F. Fuschino, J. L. Galvez, Z. L. Gao, M. Y. Ge, O. Gevin, D. Goetz, D. W. Han, J. Heyl, J. Horak, W. Hu, F. Huang, Q. S. Huang, R. Hudec, D. Huppenkothen, G. L. Israel, A. Ingram, V. Karas, D. Karelin, P. A. Jenke, L. Ji, T. Kennedy, S. Korpela, D. Kunneriath, C. Labanti, G. Li, X. Li, Z. S. Li, E. W. Liang, O. Limousin, L. Lin, Z. X. Ling, H. B. Liu, H. W. Liu, Z. Liu, B. Lu, N. Lund, D. Lai, B. Luo, T. Luo, B. Ma, S. Mahmoodifar, M. Marisaldi, A. Martindale, N. Meidinger, Y. P. Men, M. Michalska, R. Mignani, M. Minuti, S. Motta, F. Muleri, J. Neilsen, M. Orlandini, A T. Pan, A. Patruno, E. Perinati, A. Picciotto, C. Piemonte, M. Pinchera, A. Rachevski, M. Rapisarda, N. Rea, E. M. R. Rossi, A. Rubini, G. Sala, X. W. Shu, C. Sgro, Z. X. Shen, P. Soffitta, L. M. Song, G. Spandre, G. Stratta, T. E. Strohmayer, L. Sun, J. Svoboda, G. Tagliaferri, C. Tenzer, H. Tong, R. Taverna, G. Torok, R. Turolla, A. Vacchi, J. Wang, J. X. Wang, D. Walton, K. Wang, J. F. Wang, R. J. Wang, Y. F. Wang, S. S. Weng, J. Wilms, B. Winter, X. Wu, X. F. Wu, S. L. Xiong, Y. P. Xu, Y. Q. Xue, Z. Yan, S. Yang, X. Yang, Y. J. Yang, F. Yuan, W. M. Yuan, Y. F. Yuan, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, A. Zdziarski, C. Zhang, C. L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Zhang, Z. Zhang, W. D. Zhang, S. J. Zheng, P. Zhou, X. L. Zhou

eXTP is a science mission designed to study the state of matter under extreme conditions of density, gravity and magnetism. Primary targets include isolated and binary neutron stars, strong magnetic field systems like magnetars, and stellar-mass and supermassive black holes. The mission carries a unique and unprecedented suite of state-of-the-art scientific instruments enabling for the first time ever the simultaneous spectral-timing-polarimetry studies of cosmic sources in the energy range from 0. Read More

We report on the detection of a bright, short, structured X-ray burst coming from the supernova remnant RCW 103 on 2016 June 22 caught by the Swift/BAT monitor, and on the follow-up campaign made with Swift/XRT, Swift/UVOT and the optical/NIR GROND detector. The characteristics of this flash, such as duration, and spectral shape, are consistent with typical short bursts observed from soft gamma repeaters. The BAT error circle at 68 per cent confidence range encloses the point-like X-ray source at the centre of the nebula, 1E161348-5055. Read More

The observed polarization properties of thermal radiation from isolated, cooling neutron stars depend on both the emission processes at the surface and the effects of the magnetized vacuum which surrounds the star. Here we investigate the polarized thermal emission from X-ray Dim Isolated Neutron Stars, taking RX J1856.5-3754 as a representative case. Read More

We have analyzed XMM-Newton and Chandra observations of the transient magnetar XTE J1810-197, spanning more than 11 years, from the initial phases of the 2003 outburst to the current quiescent level. We investigated the evolution of the pulsar spin period and we found evidence for two distinct regimes: during the outburst decay, the spin derivative (nu_dot) was highly variable in the range -(2-4.5)x10^-13 Hz/s, while during quiescence the spin-down rate was more stable at an average value of -1x10^{-13} Hz/s. Read More

We report on the discovery of a new member of the magnetar class, SGR J1935+2154, and on its timing and spectral properties measured by an extensive observational campaign carried out between July 2014 and March 2015 with Chandra and XMM-Newton (11 pointings). We discovered the spin period of SGR J1935+2154 through the detection of coherent pulsations at a period of about 3.24s. Read More

We study the timing and spectral properties of the low-magnetic field, transient magnetar SWIFT J1822.3-1606 as it approached quiescence. We coherently phase-connect the observations over a time-span of ~500 days since the discovery of SWIFT J1822. Read More

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous explosions in the universe, yet the nature and physical properties of their energy sources are far from understood. Very important clues, however, can be inferred by studying the afterglows of these events. We present optical and X-ray observations of GRB 130831A obtained by Swift, Chandra, Skynet, RATIR, Maidanak, ISON, NOT, LT and GTC. Read More

New-generation X-ray polarimeters currently under development promise to open a new window in the study of high-energy astrophysical sources. Among them, neutron stars appear particularly suited for polarization measurements. Radiation from the (cooling) surface of a neutron star is expected to exhibit a large intrinsic polarization degree due to the star strong magnetic field ($\approx 10^{12}-10^{15}$ G), which influences the plasma opacity in the outermost stellar layers. Read More

Magnetars are the strongest magnets in the present universe and the combination of extreme magnetic field, gravity and density makes them unique laboratories to probe current physical theories (from quantum electrodynamics to general relativity) in the strong field limit. Magnetars are observed as peculiar, burst--active X-ray pulsars, the Anomalous X-ray Pulsars (AXPs) and the Soft Gamma Repeaters (SGRs); the latter emitted also three "giant flares," extremely powerful events during which luminosities can reach up to 10^47 erg/s for about one second. The last five years have witnessed an explosion in magnetar research which has led, among other things, to the discovery of transient, or "outbursting," and "low-field" magnetars. Read More

In 2013 April a new magnetar, SGR 1745-2900, was discovered as it entered an outburst, at only 2.4 arcsec angular distance from the supermassive black hole at the Centre of the Milky Way, Sagittarius A*. SGR 1745-2900 has a surface dipolar magnetic field of ~ 2x10^{14} G, and it is the neutron star closest to a black hole ever observed. Read More

Diffuse radio emission was detected around the soft gamma-ray repeater SGR 1806-20, after its 2004 powerful giant flare. We study the possible extended X-ray emission at small scales around SGR 1806-20, in two observations by the High Resolution Camera Spectrometer (HRC-S) on board of the Chandra X-ray Observatory: in 2005, 115 days after the giant flare, and in 2013, during quiescence. We compare the radial profiles extracted from data images and PSF simulations, carefully considering various issues related with the uncertain calibration of the HRC PSF at sub-arcsecond scales. Read More


LOFT (the Large Observatory for X-ray Timing), is a mission concept that was considered by ESA as a candidate for an M3 mission and has been studied during an extended >2-years long assessment phase. The mission was specifically designed to perform fast X-ray timing and probe the status of the matter near black holes and neutron stars. The LOFT scientific payload is composed of a Large Area Detector (LAD) and a Wide Field Monitor (WFM). Read More

Authors: M. Feroci1, J. W. den Herder2, E. Bozzo3, D. Barret4, S. Brandt5, M. Hernanz6, M. van der Klis7, M. Pohl8, A. Santangelo9, L. Stella10, A. Watts11, J. Wilms12, S. Zane13, M. Ahangarianabhari14, C. Albertus15, M. Alford16, A. Alpar17, D. Altamirano18, L. Alvarez19, L. Amati20, C. Amoros21, N. Andersson22, A. Antonelli23, A. Argan24, R. Artigue25, B. Artigues26, J. -L. Atteia27, P. Azzarello28, P. Bakala29, G. Baldazzi30, S. Balman31, M. Barbera32, C. van Baren33, S. Bhattacharyya34, A. Baykal35, T. Belloni36, F. Bernardini37, G. Bertuccio38, S. Bianchi39, A. Bianchini40, P. Binko41, P. Blay42, F. Bocchino43, P. Bodin44, I. Bombaci45, J. -M. Bonnet Bidaud46, S. Boutloukos47, L. Bradley48, J. Braga49, E. Brown50, N. Bucciantini51, L. Burderi52, M. Burgay53, M. Bursa54, C. Budtz-Jørgensen55, E. Cackett56, F. R. Cadoux57, P. Cais58, G. A. Caliandro59, R. Campana60, S. Campana61, F. Capitanio62, J. Casares63, P. Casella64, A. J. Castro-Tirado65, E. Cavazzuti66, P. Cerda-Duran67, D. Chakrabarty68, F. Château69, J. Chenevez70, J. Coker71, R. Cole72, A. Collura73, R. Cornelisse74, T. Courvoisier75, A. Cros76, A. Cumming77, G. Cusumano78, A. D'Aì79, V. D'Elia80, E. Del Monte81, A. De Luca82, D. De Martino83, J. P. C. Dercksen84, M. De Pasquale85, A. De Rosa86, M. Del Santo87, S. Di Cosimo88, S. Diebold89, T. Di Salvo90, I. Donnarumma91, A. Drago92, M. Durant93, D. Emmanoulopoulos94, M. H. Erkut95, P. Esposito96, Y. Evangelista97, A. Fabian98, M. Falanga99, Y. Favre100, C. Feldman101, V. Ferrari102, C. Ferrigno103, M. Finger104, M. H. Finger105, G. W. Fraser106, M. Frericks107, F. Fuschino108, M. Gabler109, D. K. Galloway110, J. L. Galvez Sanchez111, E. Garcia-Berro112, B. Gendre113, S. Gezari114, A. B. Giles115, M. Gilfanov116, P. Giommi117, G. Giovannini118, M. Giroletti119, E. Gogus120, A. Goldwurm121, K. Goluchová122, D. Götz123, C. Gouiffes124, M. Grassi125, P. Groot126, M. Gschwender127, L. Gualtieri128, C. Guidorzi129, L. Guy130, D. Haas131, P. Haensel132, M. Hailey133, F. Hansen134, D. H. Hartmann135, C. A. Haswell136, K. Hebeler137, A. Heger138, W. Hermsen139, J. Homan140, A. Hornstrup141, R. Hudec142, J. Huovelin143, A. Ingram144, J. J. M. in't Zand145, G. Israel146, K. Iwasawa147, L. Izzo148, H. M. Jacobs149, F. Jetter150, T. Johannsen151, H. M. Jacobs152, P. Jonker153, J. Josè154, P. Kaaret155, G. Kanbach156, V. Karas157, D. Karelin158, D. Kataria159, L. Keek160, T. Kennedy161, D. Klochkov162, W. Kluzniak163, K. Kokkotas164, S. Korpela165, C. Kouveliotou166, I. Kreykenbohm167, L. M. Kuiper168, I. Kuvvetli169, C. Labanti170, D. Lai171, F. K. Lamb172, P. P. Laubert173, F. Lebrun174, D. Lin175, D. Linder176, G. Lodato177, F. Longo178, N. Lund179, T. J. Maccarone180, D. Macera181, S. Maestre182, S. Mahmoodifar183, D. Maier184, P. Malcovati185, I. Mandel186, V. Mangano187, A. Manousakis188, M. Marisaldi189, A. Markowitz190, A. Martindale191, G. Matt192, I. M. McHardy193, A. Melatos194, M. Mendez195, S. Mereghetti196, M. Michalska197, S. Migliari198, R. Mignani199, M. C. Miller200, J. M. Miller201, T. Mineo202, G. Miniutti203, S. Morsink204, C. Motch205, S. Motta206, M. Mouchet207, G. Mouret208, J. Mulačová209, F. Muleri210, T. Muñoz-Darias211, I. Negueruela212, J. Neilsen213, A. J. Norton214, M. Nowak215, P. O'Brien216, P. E. H. Olsen217, M. Orienti218, M. Orio219, M. Orlandini220, P. Orleanski221, J. P. Osborne222, R. Osten223, F. Ozel224, L. Pacciani225, M. Paolillo226, A. Papitto227, J. M. Paredes228, A. Patruno229, B. Paul230, E. Perinati231, A. Pellizzoni232, A. V. Penacchioni233, M. A. Perez234, V. Petracek235, C. Pittori236, J. Pons237, J. Portell238, A. Possenti239, J. Poutanen240, M. Prakash241, P. Le Provost242, D. Psaltis243, D. Rambaud244, P. Ramon245, G. Ramsay246, M. Rapisarda247, A. Rachevski248, I. Rashevskaya249, P. S. Ray250, N. Rea251, S. Reddy252, P. Reig253, M. Reina Aranda254, R. Remillard255, C. Reynolds256, L. Rezzolla257, M. Ribo258, R. de la Rie259, A. Riggio260, A. Rios261, P. Rodríguez- Gil262, J. Rodriguez263, R. Rohlfs264, P. Romano265, E. M. R. Rossi266, A. Rozanska267, A. Rousseau268, F. Ryde269, L. Sabau-Graziati270, G. Sala271, R. Salvaterra272, A. Sanna273, J. Sandberg274, S. Scaringi275, S. Schanne276, J. Schee277, C. Schmid278, S. Shore279, R. Schneider280, A. Schwenk281, A. D. Schwope282, J. -Y. Seyler283, A. Shearer284, A. Smith285, D. M. Smith286, P. J. Smith287, V. Sochora288, P. Soffitta289, P. Soleri290, A. Spencer291, B. Stappers292, A. W. Steiner293, N. Stergioulas294, G. Stratta295, T. E. Strohmayer296, Z. Stuchlik297, S. Suchy298, V. Sulemainov299, T. Takahashi300, F. Tamburini301, T. Tauris302, C. Tenzer303, L. Tolos304, F. Tombesi305, J. Tomsick306, G. Torok307, J. M. Torrejon308, D. F. Torres309, A. Tramacere310, A. Trois311, R. Turolla312, S. Turriziani313, P. Uter314, P. Uttley315, A. Vacchi316, P. Varniere317, S. Vaughan318, S. Vercellone319, V. Vrba320, D. Walton321, S. Watanabe322, R. Wawrzaszek323, N. Webb324, N. Weinberg325, H. Wende326, P. Wheatley327, R. Wijers328, R. Wijnands329, M. Wille330, C. A. Wilson-Hodge331, B. Winter332, K. Wood333, G. Zampa334, N. Zampa335, L. Zampieri336, L. Zdunik337, A. Zdziarski338, B. Zhang339, F. Zwart340, M. Ayre341, T. Boenke342, C. Corral van Damme343, E. Kuulkers344, D. Lumb345
Affiliations: 11,1b, 2SRON, The Netherlands, 3ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 4IRAP, Toulouse, France, 5National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 6IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 7Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 8DPNC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 9IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 10INAF-OA Rome, Italy, 11Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 12University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, 13MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 14Politecnico Milano, Italy, 15Universidad de Granada, Spain, 16Washington University, United States, 17Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey, 18Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 19IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 20INAF-IASF-Bologna, Italy, 21IRAP, Toulouse, France, 22Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, 23ASDC, Rome, Italy, 24IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 25IRAP, Toulouse, France, 26IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 27IRAP, Toulouse, France, 28ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 29Silesian University in Opava, Czech Republic, 30University of Bologna, Italy, 31Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, 32Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica, Palermo University, Italy, 33SRON, The Netherlands, 34Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India, 35Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, 36INAF-OA Brera, Italy, 37Wayne State University, Detroit, United States, 38Politecnico Milano, Italy, 39University of Rome III, Italy, 40Dept. of Physics and Astronomy University of Padua, Italy, 41ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 42University of Valencia, Spain, 43INAF-OA Padova, Padova, Italy, 44CNES, Toulouse, France, 45University of Pisa, Italy, 46CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 47IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 48MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 49INPE, São José dos Campos, Brazil, 50Michigan state University, United States, 51Arcetri Observatory, INAF, Firenze, Italy, 52Cagliari University, Italy, 53INAF-OA Cagliari, Italy, 54Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic, 55National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 56Wayne State University, Detroit, United States, 57DPNC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 58Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, France, 59IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 601,1b, 61INAF-OA Brera, Italy, 62IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 63Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain, 64INAF-OA Rome, Italy, 65Instituto Astrofisica de Andalucia, Granada, Spain, 66ASDC, Rome, Italy, 67University of Valencia, Spain, 68MIT, Cambridge, United States, 69CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 70National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 71MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 72MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 73INAF- Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy, 74Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain, 75ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 76IRAP, Toulouse, France, 77INAF-OA Capodimonte, Napoli, Italy, 78INAF IFC, Palermo, Italy, 79Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica, Palermo University, Italy, 80ASDC, Rome, Italy, 811,1b, 82INAF-IASF-Milano, Italy, 83INAF-OA Capodimonte, Napoli, Italy, 84SRON, The Netherlands, 85MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 86IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 87IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 88IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 89IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 90Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica, Palermo University, Italy, 91IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 92Ferrara University, Ferrara, Italy, 93Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Canada, 94School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, 95Istanbul Kültür University, Turkey, 96INAF-IASF-Milano, Italy, 971,1b, 98Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 99ISSI Bern, Switzerland, 100DPNC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 101Leicester University, United Kingdom, 102Sapienza University, Rome, Italy, 103ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 104Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, 105Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, United States, 106Leicester University, United Kingdom, 107SRON, The Netherlands, 108INAF-IASF-Bologna, Italy, 109University of Valencia, Spain, 110Monash Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Australia, 111IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 112IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 113ASDC, Rome, Italy, 114University of Maryland, United States, 115University of Tasmania, Australia, 116MPA Garching, Germany, 117ASDC, Rome, Italy, 118INAF-IRA-Bologna, Italy, 119INAF-IRA-Bologna, Italy, 120Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey, 121APC, Université Paris Diderot, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, France, 122Silesian University in Opava, Czech Republic, 123CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 124CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 125Pavia University, Italy, 126Clemson University, United States, 127IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 128Sapienza University, Rome, Italy, 129Ferrara University, Ferrara, Italy, 130ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 131SRON, The Netherlands, 132Copernicus Astronomical Center, Warsaw, Poland, 133MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 134National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 135Clemson University, United States, 136Open University, United Kingdom, 137Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Germany, 138Monash Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Australia, 139SRON, The Netherlands, 140MIT, Cambridge, United States, 141National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 142Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic, 143University of Helsinki, Finland, 144Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 145SRON, The Netherlands, 146INAF-OA Rome, Italy, 147DAM and ICC-UB, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, 148Sapienza University and ICRA, Rome, Italy, 149SRON, The Netherlands, 150IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 151Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Canada, 152SRON, The Netherlands, 153SRON, The Netherlands, 154Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, 155Michigan state University, United States, 156Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany, 157Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic, 158IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 159MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 160Michigan state University, United States, 161MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 162IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 163Copernicus Astronomical Center, Warsaw, Poland, 164IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 165University of Helsinki, Finland, 166NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, United States, 167University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, 168SRON, The Netherlands, 169National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 170INAF-IASF-Bologna, Italy, 171Cornell University, Ithaca, United States, 172University of Illinois, United States, 173SRON, The Netherlands, 174APC, Université Paris Diderot, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, France, 175IRAP, Toulouse, France, 176MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 177Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy, 178University of Trieste, Italy, 179National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 180Texas Tech. University, United States, 181Politecnico Milano, Italy, 182IRAP, Toulouse, France, 183University of Maryland, United States, 184IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 185Pavia University, Italy, 186School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, 187The Pennsylvania State University, United States, 188Copernicus Astronomical Center, Warsaw, Poland, 189INAF-IASF-Bologna, Italy, 190University of California, San Diego, United States, 191Leicester University, United Kingdom, 192University of Rome III, Italy, 193School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, 194University of Melbourne, Australia, 195Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, 196INAF-IASF-Milano, Italy, 197Space Research Centre, Warsaw, Poland, 198DAM and ICC-UB, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, 199INAF-IASF-Milano, Italy, 200University of Maryland, United States, 201Michigan state University, United States, 202INAF IFC, Palermo, Italy, 203Centro de Astrobiologia, 204University of Alberta, Canada, 205Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, France, 206INAF-OA Brera, Italy, 207Université Paris Diderot France, 208IRAP, Toulouse, France, 209National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 2101,1b, 211Oxford University, United Kingdom, 212University of Alicante, Spain, 213MIT, Cambridge, United States, 214Open University, United Kingdom, 215MIT, Cambridge, United States, 216Leicester University, United Kingdom, 217National Space Institute, Lyngby, Denmark, 218INAF-IRA-Bologna, Italy, 219INAF-OA Padova, Padova, Italy, 220INAF-IASF-Bologna, Italy, 221Space Research Centre, Warsaw, Poland, 222Leicester University, United Kingdom, 223Space Telescope Institute, United States, 224University of Arizona, United States, 2251,1b, 226Università di Napoli Fedelico II, Italy, 227IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 228DAM and ICC-UB, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, 229Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands, 230Raman Research Institute, India, 231IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 232INAF-OA Cagliari, Italy, 233Sapienza University and ICRA, Rome, Italy, 234Facultad de Ciencias-Trilingüe University of Salamanca, Spain, 235Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic, 236ASDC, Rome, Italy, 237University of Alicante, Spain, 238IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 239INAF-OA Cagliari, Italy, 240Tuorla Observatory, University of Turku, Finland, 241Ohio University, United States, 242CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 243University of Arizona, United States, 244IRAP, Toulouse, France, 245IRAP, Toulouse, France, 246Armagh Observatory, United Kingdom, 2471,1b, 248INFN, Trieste, Italy, 249INFN, Trieste, Italy, 250NRL, Washington, United States, 251IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 252Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, United States, 253Foundation for Research and Technology, Heraklion, Greece, 254National Institute of Aerospace Technology, 255MIT, Cambridge, United States, 256University of Maryland, United States, 257Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Germany, 258DAM and ICC-UB, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, 259SRON, The Netherlands, 260INAF-OA Cagliari, Italy, 261University of Surrey, United Kingdom, 262Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain, 263CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 264ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 265INAF IFC, Palermo, Italy, 266Leiden Observatory, The Netherlands, 267Copernicus Astronomical Center, Warsaw, Poland, 268MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 269KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 270National Institute of Aerospace Technology, 271IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 272INAF-IASF-Milano, Italy, 273Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, 274Jorgen Sandberg Consulting, Denmark, 275Institute for Astronomy K.U. Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 276CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SAp, France, 277Silesian University in Opava, Czech Republic, 278University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, 279University of Pisa, Italy, 280INAF-OA Rome, Italy, 281Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Germany, 282Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam, Germany, 283CNES, Toulouse, France, 284National University of Ireland, Ireland, 285MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 286University of California, United States, 287MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 288Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic, 289IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 290Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, 291MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 292University of Manchester, United Kingdom, 293Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, United States, 294Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, 295ASDC, Rome, Italy, 296Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, United States, 297Silesian University in Opava, Czech Republic, 298IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 299IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 300ISAS, Kanagawa, Japan, 301Dept. of Physics and Astronomy University of Padua, Italy, 302Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Bonn, Germany, 303IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 304IEEC-CSIC-UPC-UB, Barcelona, Spain, 305University of Maryland, United States, 306University of California, Berkeley, Space Sciences Laboratory, United States, 307Silesian University in Opava, Czech Republic, 308University of Alicante, Spain, 309ICREA, Barcelona, Spain, 310ISDC, Geneve University, Switzerland, 311IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italy, 312Dept. of Physics and Astronomy University of Padua, Italy, 313University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy, 314IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 315Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 316INFN, Trieste, Italy, 317APC, Université Paris Diderot, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de Paris, France, 318Leicester University, United Kingdom, 319INAF IFC, Palermo, Italy, 320Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic, 321MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 322ISAS, Kanagawa, Japan, 323Space Research Centre, Warsaw, Poland, 324IRAP, Toulouse, France, 325MIT, Cambridge, United States, 326IAAT Tuebingen, Germany, 327University of Warwick, United Kingdom, 328Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 329Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 330University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, 331NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, United States, 332MSSL, Surrey, United Kingdom, 333NRL, Washington, United States, 334INFN, Trieste, Italy, 335INFN, Trieste, Italy, 336INAF-OA Padova, Padova, Italy, 337Copernicus Astronomical Center, Warsaw, Poland, 338Copernicus Astronomical Center, Warsaw, Poland, 339University of Nevada, Las Vegas, United States, 340SRON, The Netherlands, 341European Space Agency, ESTEC, The Netherlands, 342European Space Agency, ESTEC, The Netherlands, 343European Space Agency, ESTEC, The Netherlands, 344European Space Astronomy Centre, Madrid, Spain, 345European Space Agency, ESTEC, The Netherlands

The Large Observatory For x-ray Timing (LOFT) was studied within ESA M3 Cosmic Vision framework and participated in the final down-selection for a launch slot in 2022-2024. Thanks to the unprecedented combination of effective area and spectral resolution of its main instrument, LOFT will study the behaviour of matter under extreme conditions, such as the strong gravitational field in the innermost regions of accretion flows close to black holes and neutron stars, and the supra-nuclear densities in the interior of neutron stars. The science payload is based on a Large Area Detector (LAD, 10 m 2 effective area, 2-30 keV, 240 eV spectral resolution, 1 deg collimated field of view) and a WideField Monitor (WFM, 2-50 keV, 4 steradian field of view, 1 arcmin source location accuracy, 300 eV spectral resolution). Read More

Affiliations: 1a, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5a, 6b, c, 7d, 8e, 9h, 10f, g, 11a, 12h, 13f, 14b, 15h, 16i, 17a, 18a, 19i, 20b, 21b, 22h, 23a, 24j, 25j, 26j, 27k, 28k

LOFT (Large Observatory for X-ray Timing) is an X-ray timing observatory that, with four other candidates, was considered by ESA as an M3 mission (with launch in 2022-2024) and has been studied during an extensive assessment phase. Its pointed instrument is the Large Area Detector (LAD), a 10 m 2 -class instrument operating in the 2-30 keV range, which is designed to perform X-ray timing of compact objects with unprecedented resolution down to millisecond time scales. Although LOFT was not downselected for launch, during the assessment most of the trade-offs have been closed, leading to a robust and well documented design that will be reproposed in future ESA calls. Read More

Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 2Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 3Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 4INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 5SRON, The Netherlands, 6Politecnico di Milano, Italy, 7INAF HQ, Rome, Italy, 8ISDC, University of Geneva, Switzerland, 9University of Bologna, Italy, 10Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica, Palermo University, Italy, 11IRAP, Toulouse, France, 12Politecnico di Milano, Italy, 13Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Centre Spatial de Toulouse, France, 14ISDC, University of Geneva, Switzerland, 15Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 16DPNC, Geneva University, Switzerland, 17Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, France, 18INAF/IASF Bologna, Italy, 19Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 20IRAP, Toulouse, France, 21INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 22INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 23INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 24INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 25INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 26DPNC, Geneva University, Switzerland, 27Space Research Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, United Kingdom, 28Space Research Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, United Kingdom, 29INAF/IASF Bologna, Italy, 30University of Pavia, Italy, 31Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 32Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of electrical Engineering and Astronomical Institute, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic, 33INAF/IASF Bologna, Italy, 34Politecnico di Milano, Italy, 35University of Pavia, Italy, 36INAF/IASF Bologna, Italy, 37Space Research Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, United Kingdom, 38INAF/IASF Palermo, Italy, 39INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 40MIT, Cambridge, United States, 41INAF/IASF Bologna, Italy, 42INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 43IAAT, Tuebingen, Germany, 44Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic, 45DPNC, Geneva University, Switzerland, 46INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Italy, 47Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom, 48IAAT, Tuebingen, Germany, 49Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, France, 50Dr Remeis-Observatory & ECAP, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, 51INAF-IAPS-Rome, Italy, 52IAAT, Tuebingen, Germany, 53IAAT, Tuebingen, Germany, 54Astronomical Institute Anton Pannokoek, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 55INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Italy, 56INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Italy, 57INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Italy, 58Dr Remeis-Observatory & ECAP, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, 59Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, United Kingdom

LOFT (Large Observatory for X-ray Timing) is one of the five candidates that were considered by ESA as an M3 mission (with launch in 2022-2024) and has been studied during an extensive assessment phase. It is specifically designed to perform fast X-ray timing and probe the status of the matter near black holes and neutron stars. Its pointed instrument is the Large Area Detector (LAD), a 10 m 2 -class instrument operating in the 2-30keV range, which holds the capability to revolutionise studies of variability from X-ray sources on the millisecond time scales. Read More

Affiliations: 1a, 2b, 3b, 4e, f, 5b, 6c, 7d, 8c, 9a, 10e, f, 11d, 12e, f, 13e, f, 14e, f, 15e, f, 16b, 17g, 18a, 19h, 20i, 21j, 22b, 23j, 24a, 25k, 26a, 27k, 28a, 29l, 30o, 31m, 32g, 33n, 34m, 35m, 36o, 37q, 38n, 39o, 40o, 41h, 42q, 43p, 44h

LOFT (Large Observatory For x-ray Timing) is one of the ESA M3 missions selected within the Cosmic Vision program in 2011 to carry out an assessment phase study and compete for a launch opportunity in 2022-2024. The phase-A studies of all M3 missions were completed at the end of 2013. LOFT is designed to carry on-board two instruments with sensitivity in the 2-50 keV range: a 10 m 2 class Large Area Detector (LAD) with a <1{\deg} collimated FoV and a wide field monitor (WFM) making use of coded masks and providing an instantaneous coverage of more than 1/3 of the sky. Read More

Affiliations: 1a, 2b, 3c, 4d, r, 5a, 6e, 7b, 8a, 9f, 10g, q, 11a, 12b, 13h, 14a, 15i, 16f, 17l, 18j, 19k, 20p, 21i, 22b, 23a, 24l, 25m, 26n, 27o, 28d, r, 29m, 30o

LOFT, the Large Observatory For X-ray Timing, was one of the ESA M3 mission candidates that completed their assessment phase at the end of 2013. LOFT is equipped with two instruments, the Large Area Detector (LAD) and the Wide Field Monitor (WFM). The LAD performs pointed observations of several targets per orbit (~90 minutes), providing roughly ~80 GB of proprietary data per day (the proprietary period will be 12 months). Read More

The Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT) was one of the M3 missions selected for the phase A study in the ESA's Cosmic Vision program. LOFT is designed to perform high-time-resolution X-ray observations of black holes and neutron stars. The main instrument on the LOFT payload is the Large Area Detector (LAD), a collimated experiment with a nominal effective area of ~10 m 2 @ 8 keV, and a spectral resolution of ~240 eV in the energy band 2-30 keV. Read More

We present a long-term phase-coherent timing analysis and pulse-phase resolved spectroscopy for the two outbursts observed from the transient anomalous X-ray pulsar CXOU J164710.2-45521. For the first outburst we used 11 Chandra and XMM-Newton observations between September 2006 to August 2009, the longest baseline yet for this source. Read More

Affiliations: 1Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam, 2Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, 3NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, 4CNRS, Universite de Strasbourg, Observatoire Astronomique, 5Mullard Space Science Laboratory, 6Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitaets-Sternwarte Jena

The group of thermally emitting isolated neutron stars (INSs) known as the "Magnificent Seven" (M7) is unique among the various neutron star populations. Crustal heating by means of magnetic field decay and an evolutionary link with magnetars may explain why these objects rotate more slowly and have higher thermal luminosities and magnetic field intensities than standard pulsars of similar age. The third brightest INS, RX J1605. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institut Ciencies de l'Espai, 2Institut Ciencies de l'Espai, 3Institut Ciencies de l'Espai, 4Institut Ciencies de l'Espai, 5Univ. d'Alacant, 6INFN, 7INAF- Ist. Astrof. Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, 8Mullard Space Science Laboratory, 9INAF- Ist. Astrof. Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, 10Mullard Space Science Laboratory, 11INAF- Obs. Astron. di Roma, 12AIM Irfu/Service d'Astrophysique-Saclay

We report on the quiescent state of the Soft Gamma Repeater SGR 0501+4516 observed by XMM-Newton on 2009 August 30. The source exhibits an absorbed flux ~75 times lower than that measured at the peak of the 2008 outburst, and a rather soft spectrum, with the same value of the blackbody temperature observed with ROSAT back in 1992. This new observation is put into the context of all existing X-ray data since its discovery in August 2008, allowing us to complete the study of the timing and spectral evolution of the source from outburst until its quiescent state. Read More

We present a wide dataset of gamma-ray, X-ray, UVOIR, and radio observations of the Swift GRB100814A. At the end of the slow decline phase of the X-ray and optical afterglow, this burst shows a sudden and prominent rebrightening in the optical band only, followed by a fast decay in both bands. The optical rebrightening also shows chromatic evolution. Read More

Authors: Paolo Soffitta, Xavier Barcons, Ronaldo Bellazzini, João Braga, Enrico Costa, George W. Fraser, Szymon Gburek, Juhani Huovelin, Giorgio Matt, Mark Pearce, Juri Poutanen, Victor Reglero, Andrea Santangelo, Rashid A. Sunyaev, Gianpiero Tagliaferri, Martin Weisskopf, Roberto Aloisio, Elena Amato, Primo Attiná, Magnus Axelsson, Luca Baldini, Stefano Basso, Stefano Bianchi, Pasquale Blasi, Johan Bregeon, Alessandro Brez, Niccoló Bucciantini, Luciano Burderi, Vadim Burwitz, Piergiorgio Casella, Eugene Churazov, Marta Civitani, Stefano Covino, Rui Miguel Curado da Silva, Giancarlo Cusumano, Mauro Dadina, Flavio D'Amico, Alessandra De Rosa, Sergio Di Cosimo, Giuseppe Di Persio, Tiziana Di Salvo, Michal Dovciak, Ronald Elsner, Chris J. Eyles, Andrew C. Fabian, Sergio Fabiani, Hua Feng, Salvatore Giarrusso, René W. Goosmann, Paola Grandi, Nicolas Grosso, Gianluca Israel, Miranda Jackson, Philip Kaaret, Vladimir Karas, Michael Kuss, Dong Lai, Giovanni La Rosa, Josefin Larsson, Stefan Larsson, Luca Latronico, Antonio Maggio, Jorge Maia, Frédéric Marin, Marco Maria Massai, Teresa Mineo, Massimo Minuti, Elena Moretti, Fabio Muleri, Stephen L. O'Dell, Giovanni Pareschi, Giovanni Peres, Melissa Pesce, Pierre-Olivier Petrucci, Michele Pinchera, Delphine Porquet, Brian Ramsey, Nanda Rea, Fabio Reale, Juana Maria Rodrigo, Agata Różańska, Alda Rubini, Pawel Rudawy, Felix Ryde, Marco Salvati, Valdivino Alexandre de Santiago Júnior, Sergey Sazonov, Carmelo Sgró, Eric Silver, Gloria Spandre, Daniele Spiga, Luigi Stella, Toru Tamagawa, Francesco Tamborra, Fabrizio Tavecchio, Teresa Teixeira Dias, Matthew van Adelsberg, Kinwah Wu, Silvia Zane

X-ray polarimetry, sometimes alone, and sometimes coupled to spectral and temporal variability measurements and to imaging, allows a wealth of physical phenomena in astrophysics to be studied. X-ray polarimetry investigates the acceleration process, for example, including those typical of magnetic reconnection in solar flares, but also emission in the strong magnetic fields of neutron stars and white dwarfs. It detects scattering in asymmetric structures such as accretion disks and columns, and in the so-called molecular torus and ionization cones. Read More

Soft gamma-ray repeaters (SGRs) and anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) are slowly rotating, isolated neutron stars that sporadically undergo episodes of long-term flux enhancement (outbursts) generally accompanied by the emission of short bursts of hard X-rays. This behaviour can be understood in the magnetar model, according to which these sources are mainly powered by their own magnetic energy. This is supported by the fact that the magnetic fields inferred from several observed properties of AXPs and SGRs are greater than - or at the high end of the range of - those of radio pulsars. Read More

The center of our Galaxy hosts a supermassive black hole, Sagittarius (Sgr) A*. Young, massive stars within 0.5 pc of SgrA* are evidence of an episode of intense star formation near the black hole a few Myr ago, which might have left behind a young neutron star traveling deep into SgrA*'s gravitational potential. Read More

Authors: Kirpal Nandra1, Didier Barret2, Xavier Barcons3, Andy Fabian4, Jan-Willem den Herder5, Luigi Piro6, Mike Watson7, Christophe Adami8, James Aird9, Jose Manuel Afonso10, Dave Alexander11, Costanza Argiroffi12, Lorenzo Amati13, Monique Arnaud14, Jean-Luc Atteia15, Marc Audard16, Carles Badenes17, Jean Ballet18, Lucia Ballo19, Aya Bamba20, Anil Bhardwaj21, Elia Stefano Battistelli22, Werner Becker23, Michaël De Becker24, Ehud Behar25, Stefano Bianchi26, Veronica Biffi27, Laura Bîrzan28, Fabrizio Bocchino29, Slavko Bogdanov30, Laurence Boirin31, Thomas Boller32, Stefano Borgani33, Katharina Borm34, Nicolas Bouché35, Hervé Bourdin36, Richard Bower37, Valentina Braito38, Enzo Branchini39, Graziella Branduardi-Raymont40, Joel Bregman41, Laura Brenneman42, Murray Brightman43, Marcus Brüggen44, Johannes Buchner45, Esra Bulbul46, Marcella Brusa47, Michal Bursa48, Alessandro Caccianiga49, Ed Cackett50, Sergio Campana51, Nico Cappelluti52, Massimo Cappi53, Francisco Carrera54, Maite Ceballos55, Finn Christensen56, You-Hua Chu57, Eugene Churazov58, Nicolas Clerc59, Stephane Corbel60, Amalia Corral61, Andrea Comastri62, Elisa Costantini63, Judith Croston64, Mauro Dadina65, Antonino D'Ai66, Anne Decourchelle67, Roberto Della Ceca68, Konrad Dennerl69, Klaus Dolag70, Chris Done71, Michal Dovciak72, Jeremy Drake73, Dominique Eckert74, Alastair Edge75, Stefano Ettori76, Yuichiro Ezoe77, Eric Feigelson78, Rob Fender79, Chiara Feruglio80, Alexis Finoguenov81, Fabrizio Fiore82, Massimiliano Galeazzi83, Sarah Gallagher84, Poshak Gandhi85, Massimo Gaspari86, Fabio Gastaldello87, Antonis Georgakakis88, Ioannis Georgantopoulos89, Marat Gilfanov90, Myriam Gitti91, Randy Gladstone92, Rene Goosmann93, Eric Gosset94, Nicolas Grosso95, Manuel Guedel96, Martin Guerrero97, Frank Haberl98, Martin Hardcastle99, Sebastian Heinz100, Almudena Alonso Herrero101, Anthony Hervé102, Mats Holmstrom103, Kazushi Iwasawa104, Peter Jonker105, Jelle Kaastra106, Erin Kara107, Vladimir Karas108, Joel Kastner109, Andrew King110, Daria Kosenko111, Dimita Koutroumpa112, Ralph Kraft113, Ingo Kreykenbohm114, Rosine Lallement115, Giorgio Lanzuisi116, J. Lee117, Marianne Lemoine-Goumard118, Andrew Lobban119, Giuseppe Lodato120, Lorenzo Lovisari121, Simone Lotti122, Ian McCharthy123, Brian McNamara124, Antonio Maggio125, Roberto Maiolino126, Barbara De Marco127, Domitilla de Martino128, Silvia Mateos129, Giorgio Matt130, Ben Maughan131, Pasquale Mazzotta132, Mariano Mendez133, Andrea Merloni134, Giuseppina Micela135, Marco Miceli136, Robert Mignani137, Jon Miller138, Giovanni Miniutti139, Silvano Molendi140, Rodolfo Montez141, Alberto Moretti142, Christian Motch143, Yaël Nazé144, Jukka Nevalainen145, Fabrizio Nicastro146, Paul Nulsen147, Takaya Ohashi148, Paul O'Brien149, Julian Osborne150, Lida Oskinova151, Florian Pacaud152, Frederik Paerels153, Mat Page154, Iossif Papadakis155, Giovanni Pareschi156, Robert Petre157, Pierre-Olivier Petrucci158, Enrico Piconcelli159, Ignazio Pillitteri160, C. Pinto161, Jelle de Plaa162, Etienne Pointecouteau163, Trevor Ponman164, Gabriele Ponti165, Delphine Porquet166, Ken Pounds167, Gabriel Pratt168, Peter Predehl169, Daniel Proga170, Dimitrios Psaltis171, David Rafferty172, Miriam Ramos-Ceja173, Piero Ranalli174, Elena Rasia175, Arne Rau176, Gregor Rauw177, Nanda Rea178, Andy Read179, James Reeves180, Thomas Reiprich181, Matthieu Renaud182, Chris Reynolds183, Guido Risaliti184, Jerome Rodriguez185, Paola Rodriguez Hidalgo186, Mauro Roncarelli187, David Rosario188, Mariachiara Rossetti189, Agata Rozanska190, Emmanouil Rovilos191, Ruben Salvaterra192, Mara Salvato193, Tiziana Di Salvo194, Jeremy Sanders195, Jorge Sanz-Forcada196, Kevin Schawinski197, Joop Schaye198, Axel Schwope199, Salvatore Sciortino200, Paola Severgnini201, Francesco Shankar202, Debora Sijacki203, Stuart Sim204, Christian Schmid205, Randall Smith206, Andrew Steiner207, Beate Stelzer208, Gordon Stewart209, Tod Strohmayer210, Lothar Strüder211, Ming Sun212, Yoh Takei213, V. Tatischeff214, Andreas Tiengo215, Francesco Tombesi216, Ginevra Trinchieri217, T. G. Tsuru218, Asif Ud-Doula219, Eugenio Ursino220, Lynne Valencic221, Eros Vanzella222, Simon Vaughan223, Cristian Vignali224, Jacco Vink225, Fabio Vito226, Marta Volonteri227, Daniel Wang228, Natalie Webb229, Richard Willingale230, Joern Wilms231, Michael Wise232, Diana Worrall233, Andrew Young234, Luca Zampieri235, Jean In't Zand236, Silvia Zane237, Andreas Zezas238, Yuying Zhang239, Irina Zhuravleva240
Affiliations: 1DE, 2FR, 3ES, 4UK, 5NL, 6IT, 7UK, 8FR, 9UK, 10PT, 11UK, 12IT, 13IT, 14FR, 15FR, 16CH, 17US, 18FR, 19IT, 20JP, 21IN, 22IT, 23DE, 24BE, 25IL, 26IT, 27IT, 28NL, 29IT, 30US, 31FR, 32DE, 33IT, 34DE, 35FR, 36IT, 37UK, 38IT, 39IT, 40UK, 41US, 42US, 43DE, 44DE, 45DE, 46US, 47IT, 48CZ, 49IT, 50US, 51IT, 52IT, 53IT, 54ES, 55ES, 56DK, 57US, 58DE, 59DE, 60FR, 61GR, 62IT, 63NL, 64UK, 65IT, 66IT, 67FR, 68IT, 69DE, 70DE, 71UK, 72CZ, 73US, 74CH, 75UK, 76IT, 77JP, 78US, 79UK, 80FR, 81FI, 82IT, 83IT, 84CA, 85UK, 86IT, 87IT, 88DE, 89GR, 90DE, 91IT, 92US, 93FR, 94BE, 95FR, 96AT, 97ES, 98DE, 99UK, 100US, 101ES, 102FR, 103SE, 104ES, 105NL, 106NL, 107UK, 108CZ, 109US, 110UK, 111FR, 112FR, 113US, 114D, 115FR, 116GR, 117US, 118FR, 119UK, 120IT, 121DE, 122IT, 123UK, 124CA, 125IT, 126UK, 127DE, 128IT, 129ES, 130IT, 131UK, 132IT, 133NL, 134DE, 135IT, 136IT, 137IT, 138US, 139ES, 140IT, 141ES, 142IT, 143FR, 144BE, 145FI, 146IT, 147US, 148JP, 149UK, 150UK, 151DE, 152DE, 153US, 154UK, 155GR, 156IT, 157US, 158FR, 159IT, 160IT, 161UK, 162NL, 163FR, 164UK, 165DE, 166FR, 167UK, 168FR, 169DE, 170US, 171US, 172NL, 173DE, 174IT, 175US, 176DE, 177BE, 178IT, 179UK, 180UK, 181DE, 182FR, 183US, 184IT, 185FR, 186CA, 187IT, 188DE, 189IT, 190PL, 191UK, 192IT, 193DE, 194IT, 195DE, 196ES, 197CH, 198NL, 199D, 200IT, 201IT, 202FR, 203UK, 204IE, 205DE, 206US, 207US, 208IT, 209UK, 210US, 211DE, 212US, 213JP, 214FR, 215IT, 216US, 217IT, 218JP, 219US, 220NL, 221US, 222IT, 223UK, 224IT, 225NL, 226IT, 227FR, 228US, 229FR, 230UK, 231DE, 232NL, 233UK, 234UK, 235IT, 236NL, 237UK, 238GR, 239DE, 240US

This White Paper, submitted to the recent ESA call for science themes to define its future large missions, advocates the need for a transformational leap in our understanding of two key questions in astrophysics: 1) How does ordinary matter assemble into the large scale structures that we see today? 2) How do black holes grow and shape the Universe? Hot gas in clusters, groups and the intergalactic medium dominates the baryonic content of the local Universe. To understand the astrophysical processes responsible for the formation and assembly of these large structures, it is necessary to measure their physical properties and evolution. This requires spatially resolved X-ray spectroscopy with a factor 10 increase in both telescope throughput and spatial resolving power compared to currently planned facilities. Read More

White dwarfs, neutron stars and stellar mass black holes are key laboratories to study matter in most extreme conditions of gravity and magnetic field. The unprecedented effective area of Athena+ will allow us to advance our understanding of emission mechanisms and accretion physics over a wide range of mass accretion rates, starting from lower and sub-luminous quiescent X-ray binaries up to super-Eddington ultra-luminous sources. Athena+ will measure stellar black hole spins in a much higher number of binaries than achievable now, opening the possibility to study how spin varies with black hole history. Read More

We report on the long term X-ray monitoring of the outburst decay of the low magnetic field magnetar SGR 0418+5729, using all the available X-ray data obtained with RXTE, SWIFT, Chandra, and XMM-Newton observations, from the discovery of the source in June 2009, up to August 2012. The timing analysis allowed us to obtain the first measurement of the period derivative of SGR 0418+5729: \dot{P}=4(1)x10^{-15} s/s, significant at ~3.5 sigma confidence level. Read More

Affiliations: 1MSSL-UCL, Kepler Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Gora, 2MSSL-UCL, 3MSSL-UCL, 4Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita' di Padova, MSSL-UCL, 5MSSL-UCL, 6Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, 7Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, 8INAF - Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica Milano, 9Dipartimento di Fisica e Matematica, Universita' dell'Insubria

X-ray observations unveiled various types of radio-silent Isolated Neutron Stars (INSs), phenomenologically very diverse, e.g. the Myr old X-ray Dim INS (XDINSs) and the kyr old magnetars. Read More

We present a long-term study of the 2011 outburst of the magnetar Swift J1834.9-0846 carried out using new Chandra observations, as well as all the available Swift, RXTE, and XMM-Newton data. The last observation was performed on 2011 November 12, about 100 days after the onset of the bursting activity that had led to the discovery of the source on 2011 August 07. Read More

We report on the long term X-ray monitoring with Swift, RXTE, Suzaku, Chandra, and XMM-Newton of the outburst of the newly discovered magnetar Swift J1822.3-1606 (SGR 182-1606), from the first observations soon after the detection of the short X-ray bursts which led to its discovery (July 2011), through the first stages of its outburst decay (April 2012). Our X-ray timing analysis finds the source rotating with a period of P = 8. Read More

We report on our activities, currently in progress, aimed at performing accelerator experiments with soft protons and hyper-velocity dust particles. They include tests of different types of X-ray detectors and related components (such as filters) and measurements of scattering of soft protons and hyper-velocity dust particles off X-ray mirror shells. These activities have been identified as a goal in the context of a number of ongoing space projects in order to assess the risk posed by environmental radiation and dust and qualify the adopted instrumentation with respect to possible damage or performance degradation. Read More

Authors: M. Feroci, J. W. den Herder, E. Bozzo, D. Barret, S. Brandt, M. Hernanz, M. van der Klis, M. Pohl, A. Santangelo, L. Stella, A. Watts, J. Wilms, S. Zane, M. Ahangarianabhari, A. Alpar, D. Altamirano, L. Alvarez, L. Amati, C. Amoros, N. Andersson, A. Antonelli, A. Argan, R. Artigue, P. Azzarello, G. Baldazzi, S. Balman, M. Barbera, T. Belloni, G. Bertuccio, S. Bianchi, A. Bianchini, P. Bodin, J. -M. Bonnet Bidaud, S. Boutloukos, J. Braga, E. Brown, N. Bucciantini, L. Burderi, M. Bursa, C. Budtz-Jørgensen, E. Cackett, F. R. Cadoux, P. Cais, G. A. Caliandro, R. Campana, S. Campana, P. Casella, D. Chakrabarty, J. Chenevez, J. Coker, R. Cole, A. Collura, T. Courvoisier, A. Cros, A. Cumming, G. Cusumano, A. D'Aì, V. D'Elia, E. Del Monte, D. De Martino, A. De Rosa, S. Di Cosimo, S. Diebold, T. Di Salvo, I. Donnarumma, A. Drago, M. Durant, D. Emmanoulopoulos, Y. Evangelista, A. Fabian, M. Falanga, Y. Favre, C. Feldman, C. Ferrigno, M. H. Finger, G. W. Fraser, F. Fuschino, D. K. Galloway, J. L. Galvez Sanchez, E. Garcia-Berro, B. Gendre, S. Gezari, A. B. Giles, M. Gilfanov, P. Giommi, G. Giovannini, M. Giroletti, A. Goldwurm, D. Götz, C. Gouiffes, M. Grassi, P. Groot C. Guidorzi, D. Haas, F. Hansen, D. H. Hartmann, C. A. Haswe, A. Heger, J. Homan, A. Hornstrup, R. Hudec, J. Huovelin, A. Ingram, J. J. M. in't Zand, J. Isern, G. Israe, L. Izzo, P. Jonker, P. Kaaret, V. Karas, D. Karelin, D. Kataria, L. Keek, T. Kennedy, D. Klochkov, W. Kluzniak, K. Kokkotas, S. Korpela, C. Kouveliotou, I. Kreykenbohm, L. M. Kuiper, I. Kuvvetli, C. Labanti, D. Lai, F. K. Lamb, F. Lebrun, D. Lin, D. Linder, G. Lodato, F. Longo, N. Lund, T. J. Maccarone, D. Macera, D. Maier, P. Malcovati, V. Mangano, A. Manousakis, M. Marisaldi, A. Markowitz, A. Martindale, G. Matt, I. M. McHardy, A. Melatos, M. Mendez, S. Migliari, R. Mignani, M. C. Miller, J. M. Miller, T. Mineo, G. Miniutti, S. Morsink, C. Motch, S. Motta, M. Mouchet, F. Muleri, A. J. Norton, M. Nowak, P. O'Brien, M. Orienti, M. Orio, M. Orlandini, P. Orleanski, J. P. Osborne, R. Osten, F. Ozel, L. Pacciani, A. Papitto, B. Paul, E. Perinati, V. Petracek, J. Portell, J. Poutanen, D. Psaltis, D. Rambaud, G. Ramsay, M. Rapisarda, A. Rachevski, P. S. Ray, N. Rea, S. Reddy, P. Reig, M. Reina Aranda, R. Remillard, C. Reynolds, P. Rodríguez-Gil, J. Rodriguez, P. Romano, E. M. R. Rossi, F. Ryde, L. Sabau-Graziati, G. Sala, R. Salvaterra, A. Sanna, S. Schanne, J. Schee, C. Schmid, A. Schwenk, A. D. Schwope, J. -Y. Seyler, A. Shearer, A. Smith, D. M. Smith, P. J. Smith, V. Sochora, P. Soffitta, P. Soleri, B. Stappers, B. Stelzer, N. Stergioulas, G. Stratta, T. E. Strohmayer, Z. Stuchlik, S. Suchy, V. Sulemainov, T. Takahashi, F. Tamburini, C. Tenzer, L. Tolos, G. Torok, J. M. Torrejon, D. F. Torres, A. Tramacere, A. Trois, S. Turriziani, P. Uter, P. Uttley, A. Vacchi, P. Varniere, S. Vaughan, S. Vercellone, V. Vrba, D. Walton, S. Watanabe, R. Wawrzaszek, N. Webb, N. Weinberg, H. Wende, P. Wheatley, R. Wijers, R. Wijnands, M. Wille, C. A. Wilson-Hodge, B. Winter, K. Wood, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, L. Zampieri, A. Zdziarski, B. Zhang

The LOFT mission concept is one of four candidates selected by ESA for the M3 launch opportunity as Medium Size missions of the Cosmic Vision programme. The launch window is currently planned for between 2022 and 2024. LOFT is designed to exploit the diagnostics of rapid X-ray flux and spectral variability that directly probe the motion of matter down to distances very close to black holes and neutron stars, as well as the physical state of ultra-dense matter. Read More

The Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT) is one of the four candidate ESA M3 missions considered for launch in the time-frame of 2022. It is specifically designed to perform fast X-ray timing and probe the status of the matter near black holes and neutron stars. The LOFT scientific payload consists of a Large Area Detector and a Wide Field Monitor. Read More

The Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT) is one of the four candidate ESA M3 missions considered for launch in the 2022 time-frame. It is specifically designed to perform fast X-ray timing and probe the status of the matter near black holes and neutron stars. The LOFT scientific payload is composed of a Large Area Detector (LAD) and a Wide Field Monitor (WFM). Read More

Affiliations: 1IAPS-INAF, Roma, Italy, 2IAPS-INAF, Roma, Italy, 3INAF Headquarter, Roma, Italy, 4IRAP and Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France, 5ISDC, Chemin d'Ecogia, Versoix, Geneva, Switzerland, 6IAPS-INAF, Roma, Italy, 7Leicester University, Leicester, UK, 8SRON, Utrecht, The Netherland, 9Istitut für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, Potsdam-golm, Germany, 10Karl Remeis-Sternwarte and ECAP, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 11Kepler Center für Astro- und Teilchenphysik - Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, 12INFN - Sezione di Trieste, Trieste, Italy, 13Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Dorking, Surrey, UK, 14INFN - Sezione di Trieste, Trieste, Italy, 15Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Dorking, Surrey, UK

The Scientific objectives of the LOFT mission, e.g., the study of the Neutron Star equation of state and of the Strong Gravity, require accurate energy, time and flux calibration for the 500k channels of the SDD detectors, as well as the knowledge of the detector dead-time and of the detector response with respect to the incident angle of the photons. Read More

We present the gamma-ray, X-ray, optical and radio data for GRB100814A. At the end of the slow decline phase of the X-ray and optical afterglow, a sudden and prominent rebrightening in the optical band occurs followed by a fast decay in both bands. This optical rebrightening is accompanied by possible chromatic variations. Read More

Affiliations: 1CSIC-IEEC, 2INAF, 3INAF, 4Alicante, 5CSIC-IEEC, 6MSSL, 7Padova, 8MSSL, 9INAF, 10INAF, 11INAF, 12Stanford, 13NASA, 14Sabanci, 15CEA, 16NASA, 17Tokyo, 18INAF, 19MSSL, 20LANL, 21Boulder, 22INAF, 23INAF

We report on the long term X-ray monitoring with Swift, RXTE, Suzaku, Chandra and XMM-Newton of the outburst of the newly discovered magnetar Swift J1822.3-1606 (SGR 1822-1606), from the first observations soon after the detection of the short X-ray bursts which led to its discovery, through the first stages of its outburst decay (covering the time-span from July 2011, until end of April 2012). We also report on archival ROSAT observations which witnessed the source during its likely quiescent state, and on upper limits on Swift J1822. Read More

RX J0720.4-3125 is the most peculiar object among a group of seven isolated X-ray pulsars (the so-called "Magnificent Seven"), since it shows long-term variations of its spectral and temporal properties on time scales of years. This behaviour was explained by different authors either by free precession (with a seven or fourteen years period) or possibly a glitch that occurred around $\mathrm{MJD=52866\pm73 days}$. Read More

Affiliations: 1MSSL-UCL, Kepler Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Gora, 2MSSL-UCL, 3MSSL-UCL, 4MSSL-UCL, 5MSSL-UCL, 6MSSL-UCL, 7MSSL-UCL, 8MSSL-UCL, 9MSSL-UCL

High-time-resolution X-ray observations of compact objects provide direct access to strong field gravity, black hole masses and spins, and the equation of state of ultra-dense matter. LOFT, the large observatory for X-ray timing, is specifically designed to study the very rapid X-ray flux and spectral variability that directly probe the motion of matter down to distances very close to black holes and neutron stars. A 10 m^2-class instrument in combination with good spectral resolution (<260 eV @ 6 keV) is required to exploit the relevant diagnostics and holds the potential to revolutionise the study of collapsed objects in our Galaxy and of the brightest supermassive black holes in active galactic nuclei. Read More

RX J0822-4300 is the Central Compact Object associated with the Puppis A supernova remnant. Previous X-ray observations suggested RX J0822-4300 to be a young neutron star with a weak dipole field and a peculiar surface temperature distribution dominated by two antipodal spots with different temperatures and sizes. An emission line at 0. Read More

Affiliations: 1Universitat d'Alacant, 2University of Liverpool, 3MSSL London, 4Università di Padova, 5Universitat d'Alacant, 6Universitat d'Alacant

Nowadays, the analysis of the X-ray spectra of magnetically powered neutron stars or magnetars is one of the most valuable tools to gain insight into the physical processes occurring in their interiors and magnetospheres. In particular, the magnetospheric plasma leaves a strong imprint on the observed X-ray spectrum by means of Compton up-scattering of the thermal radiation coming from the star surface. Motivated by the increased quality of the observational data, much theoretical work has been devoted to develop Monte Carlo (MC) codes that incorporate the effects of resonant Compton scattering in the modeling of radiative transfer of photons through the magnetosphere. Read More

SGR 0418+5729 is a transient Soft Gamma-ray Repeater which underwent a major outburst in June 2009, during which the emission of short bursts was observed. Its properties appeared quite typical of other sources of the same class until long-term X-ray monitoring failed to detect any period derivative. The present upper limit on $\dot P$ implies that the surface dipole field is $B_p\lesssim 7. Read More

SGR 1833-0832 was discovered on 2010 March 19 thanks to the Swift detection of a short hard X-ray burst and follow-up X-ray observations. Since then, it was repeatedly observed with Swift, Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, and XMM-Newton. Using these data, which span about 225 days, we studied the long-term spectral and timing characteristics of SGR 1833-0832. Read More

Authors: J. W. den Herder, L. Piro, T. Ohashi, C. Kouveliotou, D. H. Hartmann, J. S. Kaastra, L. Amati, M. I. Andersen, M. Arnaud, J-L. Attéia, S. Bandler, M. Barbera, X. Barcons, S. Barthelmy, S. Basa, S. Basso, M. Boer, E. Branchini, G. Branduardi-Raymont, S. Borgani, A. Boyarsky, G. Brunetti, C. Budtz-Jorgensen, D. Burrows, N. Butler, S. Campana, E. Caroli, M. Ceballos, F. Christensen, E. Churazov, A. Comastri, L. Colasanti, R. Cole, R. Content, A. Corsi, E. Costantini, P. Conconi, G. Cusumano, J. de Plaa, A. De Rosa, M. Del Santo, S. Di Cosimo, M. De Pasquale, R. Doriese, S. Ettori, P. Evans, Y. Ezoe, L. Ferrari, H. Finger, T. Figueroa-Feliciano, P. Friedrich, R. Fujimoto, A. Furuzawa, J. Fynbo, F. Gatti, M. Galeazzi, N. Gehrels, B. Gendre, G. Ghirlanda, G. Ghisellini, M. Gilfanov, P. Giommi, M. Girardi, J. Grindlay, M. Cocchi, O. Godet, M. Guedel, F. Haardt, R. den Hartog, I. Hepburn, W. Hermsen, J. Hjorth, H. Hoekstra, A. Holland, A. Hornstrup, A. van der Horst, A. Hoshino, J. in 't Zand, K. Irwin, Y. Ishisaki, P. Jonker, T. Kitayama, H. Kawahara, N. Kawai, R. Kelley, C. Kilbourne, P. de Korte, A. Kusenko, I. Kuvvetli, M. Labanti, C. Macculi, R. Maiolino, M. Mas Hesse, K. Matsushita, P. Mazzotta, D. McCammon, M. Méndez, R. Mignani, T. Mineo, K. Mitsuda, R. Mushotzky, S. Molendi, L. Moscardini, L. Natalucci, F. Nicastro, P. O'Brien, J. Osborne, F. Paerels, M. Page, S. Paltani, K. Pedersen, E. Perinati, T. Ponman, E. Pointecouteau, P. Predehl, S. Porter, A. Rasmussen, G. Rauw, H. Röttgering, M. Roncarelli, P. Rosati, E. Quadrini, O. Ruchayskiy, R. Salvaterra, S. Sasaki, K. Sato, S. Savaglio, J. Schaye, S. Sciortino, M. Shaposhnikov, R. Sharples, K. Shinozaki, D. Spiga, R. Sunyaev, Y. Suto, Y. Takei, N. Tanvir, M. Tashiro, T. Tamura, Y. Tawara, E. Troja, M. Tsujimoto, T. Tsuru, P. Ubertini, J. Ullom, E. Ursino, F. Verbunt, F. van de Voort, M. Viel, S. Wachter, D. Watson, M. Weisskopf, N. Werner, N. White, R. Willingale, R. Wijers, N. Yamasaki, K. Yoshikawa, S. Zane

ORIGIN is a proposal for the M3 mission call of ESA aimed at the study of metal creation from the epoch of cosmic dawn. Using high-spectral resolution in the soft X-ray band, ORIGIN will be able to identify the physical conditions of all abundant elements between C and Ni to red-shifts of z=10, and beyond. The mission will answer questions such as: When were the first metals created? How does the cosmic metal content evolve? Where do most of the metals reside in the Universe? What is the role of metals in structure formation and evolution? To reach out to the early Universe ORIGIN will use Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) to study their local environments in their host galaxies. Read More

Affiliations: 1MSSL-UCL, Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Gora, 2MSSL-UCL, 3Department of Physics, University of Padua, 4Max Planck Institut fur Extraterrestrische Physik, 5MSSL-UCL, 6CNRS, Universite' de Strasbourg, 7Dipartimento di Fisica e Matematica, Universita' dell'Insubria, 8INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova

X-ray observations performed with ROSAT led to the discovery of a group (seven to date) of X-ray dim and radio-silent middle-aged isolated neutron stars (a.k.a. Read More

We present the first detailed joint modelling of both the timing and spectral properties during the outburst decay of transient anomalous X-ray pulsars. We consider the two sources XTE J1810-197 and CXOU J164710.2-455216, and describe the source decline in the framework of a twisted magnetosphere model, using Monte Carlo simulations of magnetospheric scattering and mimicking localized heat deposition at the NS surface following the activity. Read More