S. Peter Gary

S. Peter Gary
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S. Peter Gary

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Physics - Space Physics (3)
Physics - Plasma Physics (3)
Astrophysics (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By S. Peter Gary

An interesting characteristic of magnetospheric chorus is the presence of a frequency gap at $\omega \simeq 0.5\Omega_e$, where $\Omega_e$ is the electron cyclotron angular frequency. Recent chorus observations sometimes show additional gaps near $0. Read More

The goal of this document is to present a detailed description of the goals, simulation setup and diagnostics for the Turbulent Dissipation Challenge (arXiv:1303.0204) as discussed in the Solar Heliospheric and INterplanetary Environment (SHINE) 2013 workshop, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2013 and the accompanying antenna meeting in Berkeley. Read More

The application of linear kinetic treatments to plasma waves, damping, and instability requires favorable inequalities between the associated linear timescales and timescales for nonlinear (e.g., turbulence) evolution. Read More

Understanding the physical processes responsible for accelerating the solar wind requires detailed measurements of the collisionless plasma in the extended solar corona. Some key clues about these processes have come from instruments that combine the power of an ultraviolet (UV) spectrometer with an occulted telescope. This combination enables measurements of ion emission lines far from the bright solar disk, where most of the solar wind acceleration occurs. Read More

(Abridged) Turbulence in the solar wind is believed to generate an energy cascade that is supported primarily by Alfv\'en waves or Alfv\'enic fluctuations at MHD scales and by kinetic Alfv\'en waves (KAWs) at kinetic scales $k_\perp \rho_i\gtrsim 1$. Linear Landau damping of KAWs increases with increasing wavenumber and at some point the damping becomes so strong that the energy cascade is completely dissipated. A model of the energy cascade process that includes the effects of linear collisionless damping of KAWs and the associated compounding of this damping throughout the cascade process is used to determine the wavenumber where the energy cascade terminates. Read More

Charge separation effects in the expansion of magnetized relativistic electron-ion plasmas into a vacuum are examined using 2-1/2-dimensional particle-in-cell plasma simulations. The electrostatic field at the plasma surface decelerates electrons and accelerates ions. A fraction of the surface electrons are trapped and accelerated by the pondermotive force of the propagating electromagnetic pulse, a mechanism we call the DRPA (diamagnetic relativistic pulse accelerator). Read More

Using a 2-1/2-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) code to simulate the relativistic expansion of a magnetized collisionless plasma into a vacuum, we report a new mechanism in which the magnetic energy is efficiently converted into the directed kinetic energy of a small fraction of surface particles. We study this mechanism for both electron-positron and electron-ion (mi/me=100, me is the electron rest mass) plasmas. For the electron-positron case the pairs can be accelerated to ultra-relativistic energies. Read More