S. Pal - IMSc, Chennai

S. Pal
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S. Pal
IMSc, Chennai

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Pub Categories

Physics - Materials Science (7)
High Energy Physics - Theory (7)
Nuclear Experiment (6)
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (5)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (5)
Mathematics - Probability (5)
Mathematics - Complex Variables (4)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (3)
Mathematics - Operator Algebras (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Physics - Atomic Physics (2)
Physics - Other (2)
Quantum Physics (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (2)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - General Topology (1)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Mathematical Physics (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Cellular Automata and Lattice Gases (1)

Publications Authored By S. Pal

The Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis (ETH) provides a way to understand how an isolated quantum mechanical system can be approximated by a thermal density matrix. We find a class of operators in (1+1)-$d$ conformal field theories, consisting of quasi-primaries of the identity module, which satisfy the hypothesis only at the leading order in large central charge. In the context of subsystem ETH, this plays a role in the deviation of the reduced density matrices, corresponding to a finite energy density eigenstate and its hypothesized thermal approximation. Read More

We present, for the first time, simultaneous determination of shear viscosity ($\eta$) and entropy density ($s$) and thus, $\eta/s$ for equilibrated nuclear systems from $A$ $\sim$ 30 to $A$ $\sim$ 208 at different temperatures. At finite temperature, $\eta$ is estimated by utilizing the $\gamma$ decay of the isovector giant dipole resonance populated via fusion evaporation reaction, while $s$ is evaluated from the nuclear level density parameter (${a}$) and nuclear temperature ($T$), determined precisely by the simultaneous measurements of the evaporated neutron energy spectra and the compound nuclear angular momenta. The transport parameter $\eta$ and the thermodynamic parameter $s$ both increase with temperature resulting in a mild decrease of $\eta$/$s$ with temperature. Read More

Let $\mathcal{B}$ denote a set of bicolorings of $[n]$, where each bicoloring is a mapping of the points in $[n]$ to $\{-1,+1\}$. For each $B \in \mathcal{B}$, let $Y_B=(B(1),\ldots,B(n))$. For each $A \subseteq [n]$, let $X_A \in \{0,1\}^n$ denote the incidence vector of $A$. Read More

Motivated by recent experiments, we present a comprehensive theoretical study of the geometrically frustrated strongly correlated magnetic insulator Mn$_3$O$_4$ spinel oxide based on a microscopic Hamiltonian involving lattice, spin and orbital degrees of freedom. Possessing the physics of degenerate e$_g$ orbitals, this system shows a strong Jahn-Teller effect at high temperatures. Further, careful attention is paid to the special nature of the superexchange physics arising from the 90$^o$ Mn-O-Mn bonding angle. Read More

Exclusive measurements of high energy $\gamma$-rays are performed in $\rm ^{124}Ba$ and $\rm ^{136}Ba$ at the same excitation energy ($\sim$ 49 MeV), to study properties of the giant dipole resonance (GDR) over a wider $N/Z$ range. The high energy $\gamma$-rays are measured in coincidence with the multiplicity of low energy $\gamma$-rays to disentangle the effect of temperature ($T$) and angular momentum ($J$). The GDR parameters are extracted employing a simulated Monte Carlo statistical model analysis. Read More

We use a Hilbert series to construct an operator basis in the $1/m$ expansion of a theory with a nonrelativistic heavy fermion in an electromagnetic (NRQED) or color gauge field (NRQCD/HQET). We present a list of effective operators with mass dimension $d\leq 8$. Comparing to the current literature, our results for NRQED agree for $d\leq 8$, but there are some discrepancies in NRQCD/HQET at $d=7$ and 8. Read More

We extend the idea of conformal attractors in inflation to non-canonical sectors by developing a non-canonical conformally invariant theory from two different approaches. In the first approach, namely, ${\cal N}=1$ supergravity, the construction is more or less phenomenological, where the non-canonical kinetic sector is derived from a particular form of the K$\ddot{a}$hler potential respecting shift symmetry. In the second approach i. Read More

We propose a method inspired from discrete light cone quantization (DLCQ) to determine the heat kernel for a Schr\"odinger field theory (Galilean boost invariant with $z=2$ anisotropic scaling symmetry) living in $d+1$ dimensions, coupled to a curved Newton-Cartan background starting from a heat kernel of a relativistic conformal field theory ($z=1$) living in $d+2$ dimensions. We use this method to show the Schr\"odinger field theory of a complex scalar field cannot have any Weyl anomalies. To be precise, we show that the Weyl anomaly $\mathcal{A}^{G}_{d+1}$ for Schr\"odinger theory is related to the Weyl anomaly of a free relativistic scalar CFT $\mathcal{A}^{R}_{d+2}$ via $\mathcal{A}^{G}_{d+1}= 2\pi \delta (m) \mathcal{A}^{R}_{d+2}$ where $m$ is the charge of the scalar field under particle number symmetry. Read More

The present experimental study illustrates how large deformations attained by nuclei due to cluster formation are perceived through the giant dipole resonance (GDR) strength function. The high energy GDR $\gamma$-rays have been measured from $^{32}$S at different angular momenta ($J$) but similar temperatures in the reactions $^{4}$He(E$_{lab}$=45MeV) + $^{28}$Si and $^{20}$Ne(E$_{lab}$=145MeV) + $^{12}$C. The experimental data at lower J ($\sim$ 10$\hbar$) suggests a normal deformation, similar to the ground state value, showing no potential signature of clustering. Read More

In this article we study Brill-Noether loci of moduli space of stable bundles over smooth surfaces. We define Petri map as an analogy with the case of curves. We show the non-emptiness of certain Brill-Noether loci over very general quintic hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, and use the Petri map to produce components of expected dimension. Read More

We derive Ehrenfest like equations for the coupled Gross Pitaevskii equations (CGPE) which describe the dynamics of the binary Bose-Einstein condensate (BBEC) both in the free particle regime and in the regime where condensate is well trapped. Instead of traditional variational technique, we propose a new Ehrenfest based approach to explore so far unrevealed dynamics for CGPE and illustrate the possibility of almost shape invariant states in both the regimes. In absence of trapping potential, when all the interactions present in the system are attractive, it is possible for an initially mixed Gaussian state to propagate with almost no change in width if the proper initial condition is satisfied. Read More

We provide a way to infer about existence of topological circularity in high-dimensional data sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$ from its projection in $\mathbb{R}^2$ obtained through a fast manifold learning map as a function of the high-dimensional dataset $\mathbb{X}$ and a particular choice of a positive real $\sigma$ known as bandwidth parameter. At the same time we also provide a way to estimate the optimal bandwidth for fast manifold learning in this setting through minimization of these functions of bandwidth. We also provide limit theorems to characterize the behavior of our proposed functions of bandwidth. Read More

We present new features of low energy Bogoliubov quasiparticle excitations of a two component Bose-Einstein condensate (TBEC) in quasi-2D geometry at zero temperature using Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB). We, in particular, consider the TBECs of $^{133}$Cs~-$^{87}$Rb and $^{85}$Rb~-$^{87}$Rb, and show specific features in the low energy excitation spectrum as a function of the interaction strength. For $^{85}$Rb~-$^{87}$Rb TBEC, the appearance of a new zero energy mode is observed. Read More

Affiliations: 1IISER Mohali. India, 2IISER Mohali. India, 3IISER Mohali. India, 4IISER Mohali. India, 5IISER Mohali. India, 6IISER Mohali. India, 7University of Regensburg. Germany

We study dissipation in Pd nano-mechanical resonators at low temperatures in the linear response regime. Metallic resonators have shown characteristic features of dissipation due to tunneling two level systems (TLS). This system offers a unique tunability of the dissipation scenario by adsorbing hydrogen ($H_2$) which induces a compressive stress. Read More

The ground state properties of a high spin molecule and its interaction with an electronic spin are probed via Andreev reflection. We see that through the charge and spin conductance one can effectively estimate the interaction strength, the ground state spin and magnetic moment of any high spin molecule or for that matter any magnetic impurity. We also show how a high spin molecule at the junction between a normal metal and superconductor can contribute to superconducting spintronics applications. Read More

The present work shows that the mathematical equivalence of Jordan frame and its conformally transformed version, the Einstein frame, so far as Brans-Dicke theory is concerned, survives a quantization of cosmological models in the theory. We work with the Wheeler-deWitt quantization scheme and take up quite a few anisotropic cosmological models as examples. We effectively show that the transformation from Jordan to Einstein frame is a canonical one and hence two frames are equivalent description of same physical scenario. Read More

Quantum processors are potentially superior to their classical counterparts for many computational tasks including factorization. Circuit methods as well as adiabatic methods have already been proposed and implemented for finding the factors of a given composite number. The main challenge in scaling it to larger numbers is the unavailability of large number of qubits. Read More

We study four-dimensional N=1, 2 superconformal theory in class S obtained by compactifying the 6d N=(2, 0) theory on a Riemann surface C with outer-automorphism twist lines. From the pair-of-pants decompositions C we find various dual descriptions for the same theory having distinct gauge groups. We show that the various configurations of the twist line give rise to dual descriptions for the identical theory. Read More

In prior works, stochastic dual coordinate ascent (SDCA) has been parallelized in a multi-core environment where the cores communicate through shared memory, or in a multi-processor distributed memory environment where the processors communicate through message passing. In this paper, we propose a hybrid SDCA framework for multi-core clusters, the most common high performance computing environment that consists of multiple nodes each having multiple cores and its own shared memory. We distribute data across nodes where each node solves a local problem in an asynchronous parallel fashion on its cores, and then the local updates are aggregated via an asynchronous across-node update scheme. Read More

We produce a Schwarz lemma for the symmetrized tridisc \[ \mathbb G_3 =\{ (z_1+z_2+z_3,z_1z_2+z_2z_3+z_3z_1,z_1z_2z_3): \,|z_i|< 1, i=1,2,3 \}. \] We show that an interpolating function related to the Schward lemma for $\mathbb G_3$ is not unique and present an explicit description of all such interpolating functions. We also study the complex geometry of $\mathbb G_3$ and present a variety of new characterizations for the open and closed symmetrized tridisc. Read More

The closed symmetrized polydisc of dimension three is the set \[ \Gamma_3 =\{ (z_1+z_2+z_3, z_1z_2+z_2z_3+z_3z_1, z_1z_2z_3)\,:\, |z_i|\leq 1 \,,\, i=1,2,3 \} \subseteq \mathbb C^3\,. \] A triple of commuting operators for which $\Gamma_3$ is a spectral set is called a $\Gamma_3$-contraction. For a $\Gamma_3$-contraction $(S_1,S_2,P)$ there are two unique operators $A_1,A_2$ such that \[ S_1-S_2^*P=D_PA_1D_P\;,\; S_2-S_1^*P=D_PA_2D_P. Read More

We show that every distinguished variety in the symmetrized tridisc $\mathbb G_3$ is one-dimensional and can be represented as \begin{equation}\label{eqn:1} \Lambda=\{ (s_1,s_2,p)\in \mathbb G_3 \,:\, (s_1,s_2) \in \sigma_T(F_1^*+pF_2\,,\, F_2^*+pF_1) \}, \end{equation} where $F_1,F_2$ are commuting square matrices of the same order satisfying $[F_1^*,F_1]=[F_2^*,F_2]$ and a norm condition. The converse also holds, i.e, a set of the form (\ref{eqn:1}) is always a distinguished variety in $\mathbb G_3$. Read More

The symmetrized polydisc of dimension three is the set \[ \Gamma_3 =\{ (z_1+z_2+z_3, z_1z_2+z_2z_3+z_3z_1, z_1z_2z_3)\,:\, |z_i|\leq 1 \,,\, i=1,2,3 \} \subseteq \mathbb C^3\,. \] A triple of commuting operators for which $\Gamma_3$ is a spectral set is called a $\Gamma_3$-contraction. We show that every $\Gamma_3$-contraction admits a decomposition into a $\Gamma_3$-unitary and a completely non-unitary $\Gamma_3$-contraction. Read More

The closed symmetrized tridisc $\Gamma_3$ and its distinguished boundary $b\Gamma_3$ are the sets \begin{gather*} \Gamma_3=\{ (z_1+z_2+z_3,z_1z_2+z_2z_3+z_3z_1,z_1z_2z_3): \,|z_i|\leq 1, i=1,2,3 \}\subseteq \mathbb C^3 \\ b\Gamma_3=\{ (z_1+z_2+z_3,z_1z_2+z_2z_3+z_3z_1,z_1z_2z_3): \,|z_i|= 1, i=1,2,3 \}\subseteq \Gamma_3. \end{gather*} A triple of commuting operators $(S_1,S_2,P)$ defined on a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ for which $\Gamma_3$ is a spectral set is called a $\Gamma_3$-contraction. In this article we show by a counter example that there are $\Gamma_3$-contractions which do not dilate. Read More

Two $n$-dimensional vectors $A$ and $B$, $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^n$, are said to be \emph{trivially orthogonal} if in every coordinate $i \in [n]$, at least one of $A(i)$ or $B(i)$ is zero. Given the $n$-dimensional Hamming cube $\{0,1\}^n$, we study the minimum cardinality of a set $\mathcal{V}$ of $n$-dimensional $\{-1,0,1\}$ vectors, each containing exactly $d$ non-zero entries, such that every `possible' point $A \in \{0,1\}^n$ in the Hamming cube has some $V \in \mathcal{V}$ which is orthogonal, but not trivially orthogonal, to $A$. We give asymptotically tight lower and (constructive) upper bounds for such a set $\mathcal{V}$ except for the even values of $d \in \Omega(n^{0. Read More

We establish two results about local times of spectrally positive stable processes. The first is a general approximation result, uniform in space and on compact time intervals, in a model where each jump of the stable process may be marked by a random path. The second gives moment control on the H\"older constant of the local times, uniformly across a compact spatial interval and in certain random time intervals. Read More

We construct a pair of related diffusions on a space of interval partitions of the unit interval $[0,1]$ that are stationary with the Poisson-Dirichlet laws with parameters (1/2,0) and (1/2,1/2) respectively. These are two particular cases of a general construction of such processes obtained by decorating the jumps of a spectrally positive L\'evy process with independent squared Bessel excursions. The processes of ranked interval lengths of our partitions are members of a two parameter family of diffusions introduced by Ethier and Kurtz (1981) and Petrov (2009). Read More

We present an improved photometric redshift estimator code, CuBAN$z$, that is publicly available at https://goo.gl/fpk90V}{https://goo.gl/fpk90V. Read More

We show that Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) geometry with flat spatial section in quantized (Wheeler deWitt quantization) Brans Dicke (BD) theory reveals a rich phase structure owing to anomalous breaking of a classical symmetry, which maps the scale factor $a\mapsto\lambda a$ for some constant $\lambda$. In the weak coupling ($\omega$) limit, the theory goes from a symmetry preserving phase to a broken phase. The existence of phase boundary is an obstruction to another classical symmetry [arXiv:gr-qc/9902083] (which relates two BD theory with different coupling) admitted by BD theory with scale invariant matter content i. Read More

One of the most interesting results of the last century was the proof completed by Matijasevich that computably enumerable sets are precisely the diophantine sets [MRDP Theorem, 9], thus settling, based on previously developed machinery, Hilbert's question whether there exists a general algorithm for checking the solvability in integers of any diophantine equation. In this paper we describe techniques to prove the nonexistence of polynomials in two variables for some simple generalizations of the Fibonacci sequence (explicit diophantine representation of Fibonacci numbers were known from Jones' polynomial whose positive values have the same range as that of Fibonacci numbers), and we believe similar techniques exist for the primes. In this paper we mainly show the following results: (1) using one of the many techniques known for solving the Pell's equation, namely the solution in an extended number system, we prove the existence and explicitly find the polynomials for the recurrences of the form $e(n)=ae(n-1)+e(n-2)$ with starting values of 0 and 1 in particular, and for any arbitrary starting values, in the process defining a concept of fundamental starting numbers, (2) we prove a few identities that seem to be quite interesting and useful, (3) we use these identities in a novel way to generate systems of equations of certain rank deficiency using which we disprove for the first time the existence of any polynomial in 2 variables for the generalized recurrence of the form $e(n)=ae(n-1)+be(n-2)$ Read More

The martensitic transformation in Ni$_{2}$Mn$_{1+x}$Sn$_{1-x}$ alloys has been investigated within ab-initio density functional theory. The experimental trend of a martensitic transition happening beyond $x$ = 0.36 is captured within these calculations. Read More

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay is a phenomenon of fundamental interest in particle physics. The decay rates of double beta decay transitions to the excited states can provide input for Nuclear Transition Matrix Element calculations for the relevant two neutrino double beta decay process. It can be useful as supplementary information for the calculation of Nuclear Transition Matrix Element for the neutrinoless double beta decay process. Read More

The purpose of the present study is to search one-dimensional Cellular Automata (CA) rules which will solve the density classification task (DCT) perfectly. The mathematical analysis of number conserving functions over binary strings of length n gives an indication of its corresponding number conserving cellular automata rules (either uniform or non-uniform). The state transition diagrams (STDs) of number conserving CA rules have been analyzed where it has been found that these STDs can generate different DCT solutions. Read More

Here we report mid infrared (mid-IR) photothermal response of multi layer MoS2 thin film grown on crystalline (p-type silicon and c-axis oriented single crystal sapphire) and amorphous substrates (Si/SiO2 and Si/SiN) by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. The photothermal response of the MoS2 films was measured as changes in the resistance of MoS2 films when irradiated with mid IR (7 to 8.2 {\mu}m) source. Read More

Authors: CBM Collaboration, T. Ablyazimov, A. Abuhoza, R. P. Adak, M. Adamczyk, K. Agarwal, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, F. Ahmad, N. Ahmad, S. Ahmad, A. Akindinov, P. Akishin, E. Akishina, T. Akishina, V. Akishina, A. Akram, M. Al-Turany, I. Alekseev, E. Alexandrov, I. Alexandrov, S. Amar-Youcef, M. Anđelić, O. Andreeva, C. Andrei, A. Andronic, Yu. Anisimov, H. Appelshäuser, D. Argintaru, E. Atkin, S. Avdeev, R. Averbeck, M. D. Azmi, V. Baban, M. Bach, E. Badura, S. Bähr, T. Balog, M. Balzer, E. Bao, N. Baranova, T. Barczyk, D. Bartoş, S. Bashir, M. Baszczyk, O. Batenkov, V. Baublis, M. Baznat, J. Becker, K. -H. Becker, S. Belogurov, D. Belyakov, J. Bendarouach, I. Berceanu, A. Bercuci, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, R. Berendes, G. Berezin, C. Bergmann, D. Bertini, O. Bertini, C. Beşliu, O. Bezshyyko, P. P. Bhaduri, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, B. Bhattacharjee, A. Bhattacharyya, T. K. Bhattacharyya, S. Biswas, T. Blank, D. Blau, V. Blinov, C. Blume, Yu. Bocharov, J. Book, T. Breitner, U. Brüning, J. Brzychczyk, A. Bubak, H. Büsching, T. Bus, V. Butuzov, A. Bychkov, A. Byszuk, Xu Cai, M. Cálin, Ping Cao, G. Caragheorgheopol, I. Carević, V. Cătănescu, A. Chakrabarti, S. Chattopadhyay, A. Chaus, Hongfang Chen, LuYao Chen, Jianping Cheng, V. Chepurnov, H. Cherif, A. Chernogorov, M. I. Ciobanu, G. Claus, F. Constantin, M. Csanád, N. D'Ascenzo, Supriya Das, Susovan Das, J. de Cuveland, B. Debnath, D. Dementiev, Wendi Deng, Zhi Deng, H. Deppe, I. Deppner, O. Derenovskaya, C. A. Deveaux, M. Deveaux, K. Dey, M. Dey, P. Dillenseger, V. Dobyrn, D. Doering, Sheng Dong, A. Dorokhov, M. Dreschmann, A. Drozd, A. K. Dubey, S. Dubnichka, Z. Dubnichkova, M. Dürr, L. Dutka, M. Dželalija, V. V. Elsha, D. Emschermann, H. Engel, V. Eremin, T. Eşanu, J. Eschke, D. Eschweiler, Huanhuan Fan, Xingming Fan, M. Farooq, O. Fateev, Shengqin Feng, S. P. D. Figuli, I. Filozova, D. Finogeev, P. Fischer, H. Flemming, J. Förtsch, U. Frankenfeld, V. Friese, E. Friske, I. Fröhlich, J. Frühauf, J. Gajda, T. Galatyuk, G. Gangopadhyay, C. García Chávez, J. Gebelein, P. Ghosh, S. K. Ghosh, S. Gläßel, M. Goffe, L. Golinka-Bezshyyko, V. Golovatyuk, S. Golovnya, V. Golovtsov, M. Golubeva, D. Golubkov, A. Gómez Ramírez, S. Gorbunov, S. Gorokhov, D. Gottschalk, P. Gryboś, A. Grzeszczuk, F. Guber, K. Gudima, M. Gumiński, A. Gupta, Yu. Gusakov, Dong Han, H. Hartmann, Shue He, J. Hehner, N. Heine, A. Herghelegiu, N. Herrmann, B. Heß, J. M. Heuser, A. Himmi, C. Höhne, R. Holzmann, Dongdong Hu, Guangming Huang, Xinjie Huang, D. Hutter, A. Ierusalimov, E. -M. Ilgenfritz, M. Irfan, D. Ivanischev, M. Ivanov, P. Ivanov, Valery Ivanov, Victor Ivanov, Vladimir Ivanov, A. Ivashkin, K. Jaaskelainen, H. Jahan, V. Jain, V. Jakovlev, T. Janson, Di Jiang, A. Jipa, I. Kadenko, P. Kähler, B. Kämpfer, V. Kalinin, J. Kallunkathariyil, K. -H. Kampert, E. Kaptur, R. Karabowicz, O. Karavichev, T. Karavicheva, D. Karmanov, V. Karnaukhov, E. Karpechev, K. Kasiński, G. Kasprowicz, M. Kaur, A. Kazantsev, U. Kebschull, G. Kekelidze, M. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, A. Khanzadeev, F. Khasanov, A. Khvorostukhin, V. Kirakosyan, M. Kirejczyk, A. Kiryakov, M. Kiš, I. Kisel, P. Kisel, S. Kiselev, T. Kiss, P. Klaus, R. Kłeczek, Ch. Klein-Bösing, V. Kleipa, V. Klochkov, P. Kmon, K. Koch, L. Kochenda, P. Koczoń, W. Koenig, M. Kohn, B. W. Kolb, A. Kolosova, B. Komkov, M. Korolev, I. Korolko, R. Kotte, A. Kovalchuk, S. Kowalski, M. Koziel, G. Kozlov, V. Kozlov, V. Kramarenko, P. Kravtsov, E. Krebs, C. Kreidl, I. Kres, D. Kresan, G. Kretschmar, M. Krieger, A. V. Kryanev, E. Kryshen, M. Kuc, W. Kucewicz, V. Kucher, L. Kudin, A. Kugler, Ajit Kumar, Ashwini Kumar, L. Kumar, J. Kunkel, A. Kurepin, N. Kurepin, A. Kurilkin, P. Kurilkin, V. Kushpil, S. Kuznetsov, V. Kyva, V. Ladygin, C. Lara, P. Larionov, A. Laso García, E. Lavrik, I. Lazanu, A. Lebedev, S. Lebedev, E. Lebedeva, J. Lehnert, J. Lehrbach, Y. Leifels, F. Lemke, Cheng Li, Qiyan Li, Xin Li, Yuanjing Li, V. Lindenstruth, B. Linnik, Feng Liu, I. Lobanov, E. Lobanova, S. Löchner, P. -A. Loizeau, S. A. Lone, J. A. Lucio Martínez, Xiaofeng Luo, A. Lymanets, Pengfei Lyu, A. Maevskaya, S. Mahajan, D. P. Mahapatra, T. Mahmoud, P. Maj, Z. Majka, A. Malakhov, E. Malankin, D. Malkevich, O. Malyatina, H. Malygina, M. M. Mandal, S. Mandal, V. Manko, S. Manz, A. M. Marin Garcia, J. Markert, S. Masciocchi, T. Matulewicz, L. Meder, M. Merkin, V. Mialkovski, J. Michel, N. Miftakhov, L. Mik, K. Mikhailov, V. Mikhaylov, B. Milanović, V. Militsija, D. Miskowiec, I. Momot, T. Morhardt, S. Morozov, W. F. J. Müller, C. Müntz, S. Mukherjee, C. E. Muńoz Castillo, Yu. Murin, R. Najman, C. Nandi, E. Nandy, L. Naumann, T. Nayak, A. Nedosekin, V. S. Negi, W. Niebur, V. Nikulin, D. Normanov, A. Oancea, Kunsu Oh, Yu. Onishchuk, G. Ososkov, P. Otfinowski, E. Ovcharenko, S. Pal, I. Panasenko, N. R. Panda, S. Parzhitskiy, V. Patel, C. Pauly, M. Penschuck, D. Peshekhonov, V. Peshekhonov, V. Petráček, M. Petri, M. Petriş, A. Petrovici, M. Petrovici, A. Petrovskiy, O. Petukhov, D. Pfeifer, K. Piasecki, J. Pieper, J. Pietraszko, R. Płaneta, V. Plotnikov, V. Plujko, J. Pluta, A. Pop, V. Pospisil, K. Poźniak, A. Prakash, S. K. Prasad, M. Prokudin, I. Pshenichnov, M. Pugach, V. Pugatch, S. Querchfeld, S. Rabtsun, L. Radulescu, S. Raha, F. Rami, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, A. Raportirenko, J. Rautenberg, J. Rauza, R. Ray, S. Razin, P. Reichelt, S. Reinecke, A. Reinefeld, A. Reshetin, C. Ristea, O. Ristea, A. Rodriguez Rodriguez, F. Roether, R. Romaniuk, A. Rost, E. Rostchin, I. Rostovtseva, Amitava Roy, Ankhi Roy, J. Rożynek, Yu. Ryabov, A. Sadovsky, R. Sahoo, P. K. Sahu, S. K. Sahu, J. Saini, S. Samanta, S. S. Sambyal, V. Samsonov, J. Sánchez Rosado, O. Sander, S. Sarangi, T. Satława, S. Sau, V. Saveliev, S. Schatral, C. Schiaua, F. Schintke, C. J. Schmidt, H. R. Schmidt, K. Schmidt, J. Scholten, K. Schweda, F. Seck, S. Seddiki, I. Selyuzhenkov, A. Semennikov, A. Senger, P. Senger, A. Shabanov, A. Shabunov, Ming Shao, A. D. Sheremetiev, Shusu Shi, N. Shumeiko, V. Shumikhin, I. Sibiryak, B. Sikora, A. Simakov, C. Simon, C. Simons, R. N. Singaraju, A. K. Singh, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singhal, M. Singla, P. Sitzmann, K. Siwek-Wilczyńska, L. Škoda, I. Skwira-Chalot, I. Som, Guofeng Song, Jihye Song, Z. Sosin, D. Soyk, P. Staszel, M. Strikhanov, S. Strohauer, J. Stroth, C. Sturm, R. Sultanov, Yongjie Sun, D. Svirida, O. Svoboda, A. Szabó, R. Szczygieł, R. Talukdar, Zebo Tang, M. Tanha, J. Tarasiuk, O. Tarassenkova, M. -G. Târzilă, M. Teklishyn, T. Tischler, P. Tlustý, T. Tölyhi, A. Toia, N. Topil'skaya, M. Träger, S. Tripathy, I. Tsakov, Yu. Tsyupa, A. Turowiecki, N. G. Tuturas, F. Uhlig, E. Usenko, I. Valin, D. Varga, I. Vassiliev, O. Vasylyev, E. Verbitskaya, W. Verhoeven, A. Veshikov, R. Visinka, Y. P. Viyogi, S. Volkov, A. Volochniuk, A. Vorobiev, Aleksey Voronin, Alexander Voronin, V. Vovchenko, M. Vznuzdaev, Dong Wang, Xi-Wei Wang, Yaping Wang, Yi Wang, M. Weber, C. Wendisch, J. P. Wessels, M. Wiebusch, J. Wiechula, D. Wielanek, A. Wieloch, A. Wilms, N. Winckler, M. Winter, K. Wiśniewski, Gy. Wolf, Sanguk Won, Ke-Jun Wu, J. Wüstenfeld, Changzhou Xiang, Nu Xu, Junfeng Yang, Rongxing Yang, Zhongbao Yin, In-Kwon Yoo, B. Yuldashev, I. Yushmanov, W. Zabołotny, Yu. Zaitsev, N. I. Zamiatin, Yu. Zanevsky, M. Zhalov, Yifei Zhang, Yu Zhang, Lei Zhao, Jiajun Zheng, Sheng Zheng, Daicui Zhou, Jing Zhou, Xianglei Zhu, A. Zinchenko, W. Zipper, M. Żoładź, P. Zrelov, V. Zryuev, P. Zumbruch, M. Zyzak

Substantial experimental and theoretical efforts worldwide are devoted to explore the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. At LHC and top RHIC energies, QCD matter is studied at very high temperatures and nearly vanishing net-baryon densities. There is evidence that a Quark-Gluon-Plasma (QGP) was created at experiments at RHIC and LHC. Read More

We propose a theoretical framework that can possibly constrain the initial vacuum by CMB. With a generic vacuum without any particular choice a priori, thereby keeping both the Bogolyubov coefficients in the analysis, we compute observable parameters from two- and three-point correlation functions. We are thus left with constraining four model parameters from the two complex Bogolyubov coefficients. Read More

We study random labelings of graphs conditioned on a small number (typically one or two) peaks, i.e., local maxima. Read More

A study on temperature dependent magnetic properties of single phase orthorhombic perovskites system associated with space group Pbnm compounds Pr1-x(Gd/Nd)xMnO3 (x=0.3, 0.5, 0. Read More

The asymmetric peak at 212 - 218 cm-1 occurring in InAs micro-nano wires is investigated using spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy (SRRS) of uniform, bent and long tapered MNWs grown on a Si (001) substrate. It is attributed to superposition of E2h phonon (wurtzite : WZ) and TO phonon (zinc blende : ZB) of InAs. Polarized and wavelength dependent SRRS establishes the presence of WZ and ZB phases in these MNWs. Read More

We demonstrate particle clustering on macroscopic scales in a coupled nonequilibrium system where two species of particles are advected by a fluctuating landscape and modify the landscape in the process. The phase diagram generated by varying the particle-landscape coupling, valid for all particle density and in both one and two dimensions, shows novel nonequilibrium phases. While particle species are completely phase separated, the landscape develops macroscopically ordered regions coexisting with a disordered region, resulting in coarsening and steady state dynamics on time scales which grow algebraically with size, not seen earlier in systems with pure domains. Read More

A function is exponentially concave if its exponential is concave. We consider exponentially concave functions on the unit simplex. In a previous paper we showed that gradient maps of exponentially concave functions provide solutions to a Monge-Kantorovich optimal transport problem and give a better gradient approximation than those of ordinary concave functions. Read More

Weyl consistency conditions have been used in unitary relativistic quantum field theory to impose constraints on the renormalization group flow of certain quantities. We classify the Weyl anomalies and their renormalization scheme ambiguities for generic non-relativistic theories in 2+1 dimensions with anisotropic scaling exponent z=2; the extension to other values of z are discussed as well. We give the consistency conditions among these anomalies. Read More

In order to understand the performance of the PARIS (Photon Array for the studies with Radioactive Ion and Stable beams) detector, detailed characterization of two individual phoswich (LaBr$_3$(Ce)-NaI(Tl)) elements has been carried out. The detector response is investigated over a wide range of $E_{\gamma}$ = 0.6 to 22. Read More

Activation of shallow acceptor state has been observed in ion irradiated and subsequently air annealed polycrystalline ZnO material. Low temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of the sample exhibits clear signature of acceptor bound exciton (ABX) emission at 3.360 eV. Read More

We investigate optically induced ultrafast magnetization dynamics in [Co(0.5 nm)/Pd(1 nm)]x5/NiFe(t) exchange-spring samples with tilted perpendicular magnetic anisotropy using a time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr effect magnetometer. The competition between the out-of-plane anisotropy of the hard layer, the in-plane anisotropy of the soft layer and the applied bias field reorganizes the spins in the soft layer, which are modified further with the variation in t. Read More

Let $n$ be any positive integer and $\mathcal{F}$ be a family of subsets of $[n]$. A family $\mathcal{F}'$ is said to be $D$-\emph{secting} for $\mathcal{F}$ if for every $A \in \mathcal{F}$, there exists a subset $A' \in \mathcal{F}'$ such that $|A \cap A'| - |A \cap ([n] \setminus A')|=i$, where $i \in D$, $D \subseteq \{-n,-n+1,\ldots,0,\ldots,n\}$. A $D$-\emph{secting} family $\mathcal{F}'$ of $\mathcal{F}$, where $D=\{-1,0,1\}$, is a \emph{bisecting} family ensuring the existence of a subset $A' \in \mathcal{F}'$ such that $|A \cap A'| \in \{\lceil \frac{|A|}{2}\rceil,\lfloor \frac{|A|}{2}\rfloor\}$, for each $A \in \mathcal{F}$. Read More

We analyze atomic structures of plasma embedded aluminum (Al) atom and its ions in the weakly and strongly coupling regimes. The plasma screening effects in these atomic systems are accounted for using the Debye and ion sphere (IS) potentials for the weakly coupling and strongly coupling plasmas, respectively. Within the Debye model, special attention is given to investigate the spherical and non-spherical plasma-screening effects considering in the electron-electron interaction potential. Read More

We consider the following problem in stochastic portfolio theory. Are there portfolios that are relative arbitrages with respect to the market portfolio over very short periods of time under realistic assumptions? We answer a slightly relaxed question affirmative in the following high dimensional sense, where dimension refers to the number of stocks being traded. Very roughly, suppose that for every dimension we have a continuous semimartingale market such that (i) the vector of market weights in decreasing order has a stationary regularly varying tail with an index between $-1$ and $-1/2$ and (ii) zero is not a limit point of the relative volatilities of the stocks. Read More

The aim of this paper is to prove a fixed point theorem on a generalised cone metric spaces for maps satisfying general contractive type conditions. Read More

The open-shell reference relativistic equation-of-motion coupled-cluster method within its four-component description is successfully implemented with the consideration of single- and double- excitation approximation. The one-body and two-body matrix elements required for the correlation calculation are generated using Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian. As a first attempt, the implemented method is employed to calculate a few of the low-lying ionized states of heavy atomic (Ag, Cs, Au, Fr, Lr) and valence ionization potential of molecular (HgH, PbF) systems, where the effect of relativity does really matter to obtain highly accurate results. Read More