# S. Mishima - Tohoku University

## Contact Details

NameS. Mishima |
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AffiliationTohoku University |
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CitySendai-shi |
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CountryJapan |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (39) High Energy Physics - Experiment (8) Quantum Physics (1) |

## Publications Authored By S. Mishima

New physics contributions to the $Z$ penguin are revisited in the light of the recently-reported discrepancy of the direct CP violation in $K\to\pi\pi$. Interference effects between the standard model and new physics contributions to $\Delta S = 2$ observables are taken into account. Although the effects are overlooked in the literature, they make experimental bounds significantly severer. Read More

We revisit the global fit to electroweak precision observables in the Standard Model and present model-independent bounds on several general new physics scenarios. We present a projection of the fit based on the expected experimental improvements at future $e^+ e^-$ colliders, and compare the constraining power of some of the different experiments that have been proposed. All results have been obtained with the HEPfit code. Read More

Disentangling New Physics effects from the Standard Model requires a good understanding of all pieces that stem from the latter, especially the uncertainties that might plague the theoretical estimations within the Standard Model. In the light of recent measurements made in the decay of $B\to K^*\ell^+\ell^-$, and accompanying possibilities of New Physics effects, we re-examine the hadronic uncertainties that come about in this exclusive $b \to s$ transition. We show that it is not trivial to distinguish New Physics effects from these hadronic uncertainties and we attempt to quantify the latter in its magnitude and kinematic shape from the recent LHCb measurements of the angular observables in this decay mode. Read More

**Authors:**D. de Florian

^{1}, C. Grojean

^{2}, F. Maltoni

^{3}, C. Mariotti

^{4}, A. Nikitenko

^{5}, M. Pieri

^{6}, P. Savard

^{7}, M. Schumacher

^{8}, R. Tanaka

^{9}, R. Aggleton

^{10}, M. Ahmad

^{11}, B. Allanach

^{12}, C. Anastasiou

^{13}, W. Astill

^{14}, S. Badger

^{15}, M. Badziak

^{16}, J. Baglio

^{17}, E. Bagnaschi

^{18}, A. Ballestrero

^{19}, A. Banfi

^{20}, D. Barducci

^{21}, M. Beckingham

^{22}, C. Becot

^{23}, G. Bélanger

^{24}, J. Bellm

^{25}, N. Belyaev

^{26}, F. U. Bernlochner

^{27}, C. Beskidt

^{28}, A. Biekötter

^{29}, F. Bishara

^{30}, W. Bizon

^{31}, N. E. Bomark

^{32}, M. Bonvini

^{33}, S. Borowka

^{34}, V. Bortolotto

^{35}, S. Boselli

^{36}, F. J. Botella

^{37}, R. Boughezal

^{38}, G. C. Branco

^{39}, J. Brehmer

^{40}, L. Brenner

^{41}, S. Bressler

^{42}, I. Brivio

^{43}, A. Broggio

^{44}, H. Brun

^{45}, G. Buchalla

^{46}, C. D. Burgard

^{47}, A. Calandri

^{48}, L. Caminada

^{49}, R. Caminal Armadans

^{50}, F. Campanario

^{51}, J. Campbell

^{52}, F. Caola

^{53}, C. M. Carloni Calame

^{54}, S. Carrazza

^{55}, A. Carvalho

^{56}, M. Casolino

^{57}, O. Cata

^{58}, A. Celis

^{59}, F. Cerutti

^{60}, N. Chanon

^{61}, M. Chen

^{62}, X. Chen

^{63}, B. Chokoufé Nejad

^{64}, N. Christensen

^{65}, M. Ciuchini

^{66}, R. Contino

^{67}, T. Corbett

^{68}, D. Curtin

^{69}, M. Dall'Osso

^{70}, A. David

^{71}, S. Dawson

^{72}, J. de Blas

^{73}, W. de Boer

^{74}, P. de Castro Manzano

^{75}, C. Degrande

^{76}, R. L. Delgado

^{77}, F. Demartin

^{78}, A. Denner

^{79}, B. Di Micco

^{80}, R. Di Nardo

^{81}, S. Dittmaier

^{82}, A. Dobado

^{83}, T. Dorigo

^{84}, F. A. Dreyer

^{85}, M. Dührssen

^{86}, C. Duhr

^{87}, F. Dulat

^{88}, K. Ecker

^{89}, K. Ellis

^{90}, U. Ellwanger

^{91}, C. Englert

^{92}, D. Espriu

^{93}, A. Falkowski

^{94}, L. Fayard

^{95}, R. Feger

^{96}, G. Ferrera

^{97}, A. Ferroglia

^{98}, N. Fidanza

^{99}, T. Figy

^{100}, M. Flechl

^{101}, D. Fontes

^{102}, S. Forte

^{103}, P. Francavilla

^{104}, E. Franco

^{105}, R. Frederix

^{106}, A. Freitas

^{107}, F. F. Freitas

^{108}, F. Frensch

^{109}, S. Frixione

^{110}, B. Fuks

^{111}, E. Furlan

^{112}, S. Gadatsch

^{113}, J. Gao

^{114}, Y. Gao

^{115}, M. V. Garzelli

^{116}, T. Gehrmann

^{117}, R. Gerosa

^{118}, M. Ghezzi

^{119}, D. Ghosh

^{120}, S. Gieseke

^{121}, D. Gillberg

^{122}, G. F. Giudice

^{123}, E. W. N. Glover

^{124}, F. Goertz

^{125}, D. Gonçalves

^{126}, J. Gonzalez-Fraile

^{127}, M. Gorbahn

^{128}, S. Gori

^{129}, C. A. Gottardo

^{130}, M. Gouzevitch

^{131}, P. Govoni

^{132}, D. Gray

^{133}, M. Grazzini

^{134}, N. Greiner

^{135}, A. Greljo

^{136}, J. Grigo

^{137}, A. V. Gritsan

^{138}, R. Gröber

^{139}, S. Guindon

^{140}, H. E. Haber

^{141}, C. Han

^{142}, T. Han

^{143}, R. Harlander

^{144}, M. A. Harrendorf

^{145}, H. B. Hartanto

^{146}, C. Hays

^{147}, S. Heinemeyer

^{148}, G. Heinrich

^{149}, M. Herrero

^{150}, F. Herzog

^{151}, B. Hespel

^{152}, V. Hirschi

^{153}, S. Hoeche

^{154}, S. Honeywell

^{155}, S. J. Huber

^{156}, C. Hugonie

^{157}, J. Huston

^{158}, A. Ilnicka

^{159}, G. Isidori

^{160}, B. Jäger

^{161}, M. Jaquier

^{162}, S. P. Jones

^{163}, A. Juste

^{164}, S. Kallweit

^{165}, A. Kaluza

^{166}, A. Kardos

^{167}, A. Karlberg

^{168}, Z. Kassabov

^{169}, N. Kauer

^{170}, D. I. Kazakov

^{171}, M. Kerner

^{172}, W. Kilian

^{173}, F. Kling

^{174}, K. Köneke

^{175}, R. Kogler

^{176}, R. Konoplich

^{177}, S. Kortner

^{178}, S. Kraml

^{179}, C. Krause

^{180}, F. Krauss

^{181}, M. Krawczyk

^{182}, A. Kulesza

^{183}, S. Kuttimalai

^{184}, R. Lane

^{185}, A. Lazopoulos

^{186}, G. Lee

^{187}, P. Lenzi

^{188}, I. M. Lewis

^{189}, Y. Li

^{190}, S. Liebler

^{191}, J. Lindert

^{192}, X. Liu

^{193}, Z. Liu

^{194}, F. J. Llanes-Estrada

^{195}, H. E. Logan

^{196}, D. Lopez-Val

^{197}, I. Low

^{198}, G. Luisoni

^{199}, P. Maierhöfer

^{200}, E. Maina

^{201}, B. Mansoulié

^{202}, H. Mantler

^{203}, M. Mantoani

^{204}, A. C. Marini

^{205}, V. I. Martinez Outschoorn

^{206}, S. Marzani

^{207}, D. Marzocca

^{208}, A. Massironi

^{209}, K. Mawatari

^{210}, J. Mazzitelli

^{211}, A. McCarn

^{212}, B. Mellado

^{213}, K. Melnikov

^{214}, S. B. Menari

^{215}, L. Merlo

^{216}, C. Meyer

^{217}, P. Milenovic

^{218}, K. Mimasu

^{219}, S. Mishima

^{220}, B. Mistlberger

^{221}, S. -O. Moch

^{222}, A. Mohammadi

^{223}, P. F. Monni

^{224}, G. Montagna

^{225}, M. Moreno Llácer

^{226}, N. Moretti

^{227}, S. Moretti

^{228}, L. Motyka

^{229}, A. Mück

^{230}, M. Mühlleitner

^{231}, S. Munir

^{232}, P. Musella

^{233}, P. Nadolsky

^{234}, D. Napoletano

^{235}, M. Nebot

^{236}, C. Neu

^{237}, M. Neubert

^{238}, R. Nevzorov

^{239}, O. Nicrosini

^{240}, J. Nielsen

^{241}, K. Nikolopoulos

^{242}, J. M. No

^{243}, C. O'Brien

^{244}, T. Ohl

^{245}, C. Oleari

^{246}, T. Orimoto

^{247}, D. Pagani

^{248}, C. E. Pandini

^{249}, A. Papaefstathiou

^{250}, A. S. Papanastasiou

^{251}, G. Passarino

^{252}, B. D. Pecjak

^{253}, M. Pelliccioni

^{254}, G. Perez

^{255}, L. Perrozzi

^{256}, F. Petriello

^{257}, G. Petrucciani

^{258}, E. Pianori

^{259}, F. Piccinini

^{260}, M. Pierini

^{261}, A. Pilkington

^{262}, S. Plätzer

^{263}, T. Plehn

^{264}, R. Podskubka

^{265}, C. T. Potter

^{266}, S. Pozzorini

^{267}, K. Prokofiev

^{268}, A. Pukhov

^{269}, I. Puljak

^{270}, M. Queitsch-Maitland

^{271}, J. Quevillon

^{272}, D. Rathlev

^{273}, M. Rauch

^{274}, E. Re

^{275}, M. N. Rebelo

^{276}, D. Rebuzzi

^{277}, L. Reina

^{278}, C. Reuschle

^{279}, J. Reuter

^{280}, M. Riembau

^{281}, F. Riva

^{282}, A. Rizzi

^{283}, T. Robens

^{284}, R. Röntsch

^{285}, J. Rojo

^{286}, J. C. Romão

^{287}, N. Rompotis

^{288}, J. Roskes

^{289}, R. Roth

^{290}, G. P. Salam

^{291}, R. Salerno

^{292}, R. Santos

^{293}, V. Sanz

^{294}, J. J. Sanz-Cillero

^{295}, H. Sargsyan

^{296}, U. Sarica

^{297}, P. Schichtel

^{298}, J. Schlenk

^{299}, T. Schmidt

^{300}, C. Schmitt

^{301}, M. Schönherr

^{302}, U. Schubert

^{303}, M. Schulze

^{304}, S. Sekula

^{305}, M. Sekulla

^{306}, E. Shabalina

^{307}, H. S. Shao

^{308}, J. Shelton

^{309}, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous

^{310}, S. Y. Shim

^{311}, F. Siegert

^{312}, A. Signer

^{313}, J. P. Silva

^{314}, L. Silvestrini

^{315}, M. Sjodahl

^{316}, P. Slavich

^{317}, M. Slawinska

^{318}, L. Soffi

^{319}, M. Spannowsky

^{320}, C. Speckner

^{321}, D. M. Sperka

^{322}, M. Spira

^{323}, O. Stål

^{324}, F. Staub

^{325}, T. Stebel

^{326}, T. Stefaniak

^{327}, M. Steinhauser

^{328}, I. W. Stewart

^{329}, M. J. Strassler

^{330}, J. Streicher

^{331}, D. M. Strom

^{332}, S. Su

^{333}, X. Sun

^{334}, F. J. Tackmann

^{335}, K. Tackmann

^{336}, A. M. Teixeira

^{337}, R. Teixeira de Lima

^{338}, V. Theeuwes

^{339}, R. Thorne

^{340}, D. Tommasini

^{341}, P. Torrielli

^{342}, M. Tosi

^{343}, F. Tramontano

^{344}, Z. Trócsányi

^{345}, M. Trott

^{346}, I. Tsinikos

^{347}, M. Ubiali

^{348}, P. Vanlaer

^{349}, W. Verkerke

^{350}, A. Vicini

^{351}, L. Viliani

^{352}, E. Vryonidou

^{353}, D. Wackeroth

^{354}, C. E. M. Wagner

^{355}, J. Wang

^{356}, S. Wayand

^{357}, G. Weiglein

^{358}, C. Weiss

^{359}, M. Wiesemann

^{360}, C. Williams

^{361}, J. Winter

^{362}, D. Winterbottom

^{363}, R. Wolf

^{364}, M. Xiao

^{365}, L. L. Yang

^{366}, R. Yohay

^{367}, S. P. Y. Yuen

^{368}, G. Zanderighi

^{369}, M. Zaro

^{370}, D. Zeppenfeld

^{371}, R. Ziegler

^{372}, T. Zirke

^{373}, J. Zupan

^{374}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}eds.,

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^{10}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

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^{315}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{316}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{317}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{318}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{319}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{320}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{321}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{322}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{323}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{324}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{325}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{326}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{327}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{328}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{329}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{330}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{331}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{332}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{333}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{334}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{335}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{336}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{337}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{338}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{339}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{340}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{341}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{342}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{343}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{344}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{345}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{346}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{347}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{348}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{349}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{350}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{351}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{352}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{353}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{354}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{355}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{356}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{357}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{358}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{359}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{360}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{361}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{362}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{363}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{364}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{365}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{366}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{367}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{368}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{369}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{370}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{371}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{372}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{373}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

^{374}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group

This Report summarizes the results of the activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group in the period 2014-2016. The main goal of the working group was to present the state-of-the-art of Higgs physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first part compiles the most up-to-date predictions of Higgs boson production cross sections and decay branching ratios, parton distribution functions, and off-shell Higgs boson production and interference effects. Read More

Recently, the standard model prediction of $\epsilon'/\epsilon$ was improved, and a discrepancy from the experimental results was reported at the $2.9\sigma$ level. We study the chargino contributions to $Z$ penguin especially with the vacuum stability constraint. Read More

We present results from a state-of-the-art fit of electroweak precision observables and Higgs-boson signal-strength measurements performed using 7 and 8 TeV data from the Large Hadron Collider. Based on the HEPfit package, our study updates the traditional fit of electroweak precision observables and extends it to include Higgs-boson measurements. As a result we obtain constraints on new physics corrections to both electroweak observables and Higgs-boson couplings. Read More

Spin echo is a fundamental tool for quantum registers and biomedical imaging. It is believed that a strong magnetic field is needed for the spin echo to provide long memory and high resolution since a degenerate spin cannot be controlled or addressed under a zero magnetic field. While a degenerate spin is never subject to dynamic control, it is still subject to geometric control. Read More

We critically reassess the theoretical uncertainties in the Standard Model calculation of the $B \to K^* \ell^+ \ell^-$ observables, focusing on the low $q^2$ region. We point out that even optimized observables are affected by sizable uncertainties, since hadronic contributions generated by current-current operators with charm are difficult to estimate, especially for $q^2 \sim 4 m_c^2\simeq 6.8$ GeV$^2$. Read More

We present updated global fits of the Standard Model and beyond to electroweak precision data, taking into account recent progress in theoretical calculations and experimental measurements. From the fits, we derive model-independent constraints on new physics by introducing oblique and epsilon parameters, and modified $Zb\bar{b}$ and $HVV$ couplings. Furthermore, we also perform fits of the scale factors of the Higgs-boson couplings to observed signal strengths of the Higgs boson. Read More

We present preliminary results of a bayesian fit to the Wilson coefficients of the Standard Model gauge invariant dimension-6 operators involving one or more Higgs fields, using data on electroweak precision observables and Higgs boson signal strengths. Read More

We extract the Glauber divergences from the spectator amplitudes for two-body hadronic decays $B \to M_1 M_2$ in the $k_T$ factorization theorem, where $M_2$ denotes the meson emitted at the weak vertex. Employing the eikonal approximation, the divergences are factorized into the corresponding Glauber phase factors associated with the $M_1$ and $M_2$ mesons. It is observed that the latter factor enhances the spectator contribution to the color-suppressed tree amplitude by modifying the interference pattern between the two involved leading-order diagrams. Read More

We perform the fit of electroweak precision observables within the Standard Model with a 126 GeV Higgs boson, compare the results with the theoretical predictions and discuss the impact of recent experimental and theoretical improvements. We introduce New Physics contributions in a model-independent way and fit for the S, T and U parameters, for the $\epsilon_{1,2,3,b}$ ones, for modified $Zb\bar{b}$ couplings and for a modified Higgs coupling to vector bosons. We point out that composite Higgs models are very strongly constrained. Read More

We propose to perform a combined analysis of $B \to \pi\pi$ and $B_s \to K^+ K^-$ modes, in the framework of a global CKM fit. The method optimizes the constraining power of these decays and allows to derive constraints on NP contributions to penguin amplitudes or on the $B_s$ mixing phase. We illustrate these capabilities with a simplified analysis using the recent measurements by the LHCb Collaboration, neglecting correlations with other SM observables. Read More

The recently measured direct CP asymmetries in the processes $D^0\to \pi^+\pi^-$ and $D^0\to K^+K^-$ show a significant deviation from the naive Standard Model expectation. Using a general parameterization of the decay amplitudes, we show that the measured branching ratios imply large SU(3) breaking and large violations of the naive $1/N_c$ counting. Furthermore, rescattering constrains the I=0 amplitudes in the $\pi\pi$ and $KK$ channels. Read More

We review the theoretical status of the B --> pi K decays, focusing on recent developments in the QCD factorization and perturbative QCD approaches as well as on the Standard-Model correlation between the mixing-induced and direct CP asymmetries of the B^0 --> pi^0 K^0 mode. Read More

We calculate the cross sections and final state distributions for the processes e^+ e^- --> Upsilon(1S) (pi^+ pi^-, K^+ K^-, eta pi^0) near the Upsilon(5S) resonance based on the tetraquark hypothesis. This framework is used to analyse the data on the Upsilon(1S) pi^+ pi^- and Upsilon(1S) K^+ K^- final states [K.F. Read More

It has been pointed out that the recent BaBar data on the pi gamma^* -> gamma transition form factor F_{pi gamma}(Q^2) at low (high) momentum transfer squared Q^2 indicate an asymptotic (flat) pion distribution amplitude. These seemingly contradictory observations can be reconciled in the k_T factorization theorem: the increase of the measured Q^2F_{pi gamma}(Q^2) for Q^2 > 10 GeV^2 is explained by convoluting a k_T dependent hard kernel with a flat pion distribution amplitude, k_T being a parton transverse momentum. The low Q^2 data are accommodated by including the resummation of alpha_s ln^2x, x being a parton momentum fraction, which provides a stronger suppression at the endpoints of x. Read More

We show that there exist uncanceled soft divergences in the k_T factorization for nonfactorizable amplitudes of two-body nonleptonic B meson decays, similar to those identified in hadron hadroproduction. These divergences can be grouped into a soft factor using the eikonal approximation, which is then treated as an additional nonperturbative input in the perturbative QCD formalism. Viewing the special role of the pion as a q-qbar bound state and as a pseudo Nambu-Goldstone boson, we postulate that the soft effect associated with it is significant. Read More

We point out mistakes made in the one-loop calculation of some diagrams for the process $\pi \gamma^* \to \gamma$ in the preprint arXiv:0807.0296, and present correct results. Especially, we have difficulty to understand their argument that a highly off-shell gluon generates a light-cone (infrared) singularity. Read More

We point out that a sizable strong phase could be generated from the penguin annihilation in the soft-collinear effective theory for B meson decays. Keeping a small scale suppressed by O(Lambda/m_b), Lambda being a hadronic scale and m_b the b quark mass, in the denominators of internal particle propagators without expansion, the resultant strong phase can accommodate the data of the B^0 -> K^-+ pi^+- direct CP asymmetry. Our study reconciles the opposite conclusions on the real or complex penguin annihilation amplitude drawn in the soft-collinear effective theory and in the perturbative QCD approach based on k_T factorization theorem. Read More

Patterns of flavor violation induced by neutrino Yukawa couplings are discussed in realistic ``minimal'' SUSY SU(5) models, obtained by adding nonrenormalizable operators to the minimal one, in order to fix the fermion spectrum and suppress proton decay. Results are presented for the three possible implementations of the seesaw mechanisms, i.e. Read More

We review recent developments in the perturbative QCD approach to exclusive hadronic B meson decays. We discuss the important next-to-leading-order corrections to B -> pi K, pi pi, and the penguin-dominated B -> PV modes, where P (V) is a pseudo-scalar (vector) meson. Read More

We study the penguin pollution in the B^0 -> J/psi K_S decay up to leading power in 1/m_b and to next-to-leading order in \alpha_s, m_b being the b quark mass and \alpha_s the strong coupling constant. The deviation \Delta S_{J/psi K_S} of the mixing-induced CP asymmetry from sin(2\phi_1) and the direct CP asymmetry A_{J/psi K_S} are both found to be of O(10^{-3}) in a formalism that combines the QCD-improved factorization and perturbative QCD approaches. Read More

We study the effect from a sequential fourth generation quark on penguin-dominated two-body nonleptonic B meson decays in the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD formalism. With an enhancement of the color-suppressed tree amplitude and possibility of a new CP phase in the electroweak penguin, we can account better for A_{CP}(B^0 -> K^+ pi^-)-A_{CP}(B^+ -> K^+ pi^0). Taking |V_{t's}V_{t'b}| \sim 0. Read More

We present the most complete analysis of the penguin correction to the extraction of the standard-model parameter sin(2\phi_1) from the B^0 -> J/psi K_S decay up to leading power in 1/m_b and to next-to-leading order in \alpha_s, \phi_1 being the weak phase, m_b the b quark mass, and \alpha_s the strong coupling constant. The deviation \Delta S_{J/psi K_S} of the mixing-induced CP asymmetry from sin(2\phi_1) and the direct CP asymmetry A_{J/psi K_S} are both found to be of O(10^{-3}) in a formalism that combines the QCD-improved factorization and perturbative QCD approaches. The above results, different from those of O(10^{-4}) and of O(10^{-2}) obtained in the previous calculations, provide an important standard-model reference for verifying new physics from the B^0 -> J/psi K_S data. Read More

We study the penguin-dominated B -> PV decays, with P (V) representing a pseudo-scalar (vector) meson, in the next-to-leading-order (NLO) perturbative QCD (PQCD) formalism, concentrating on the B -> K phi, pi K^*, rho K, and omega K modes. It is found that the NLO corrections dramatically enhance the B -> rho K, omega K branching ratios, which were estimated to be small under the naive factorization assumption. The patterns of the direct CP asymmetries A_{CP}(B^0 -> rho^\mp K^\pm) \approx A_{CP}(B^\pm -> rho^0 K^\pm) and |A_{CP}(B^0 -> pi^\mp K^{*\pm})| > |A_{CP}(B^\pm -> pi^0 K^{*\pm})| are predicted, differing from |A_{CP}(B^0 -> pi^\mp K^\pm)| >> |A_{CP}(B^\pm -> pi^0 K^\pm)|. Read More

I review recent progress on exclusive hadronic B meson decays in the perturbative QCD approach, with focus on puzzles in the branching ratios and the CP asymmetries of the B -> pi K and B -> pi pi modes, and polarization fractions in B -> VV modes. Read More

We point out that the right-handed squark mixings can sizably enhance SUSY contributions to Delta M_s by taking into account renormalization group effects via the CKM matrix. The recent result of Delta M_s from the D0 experiment at the Tevatron thus implies a strong constraint on the right-handed mixings. Read More

We point out that the B -> rho rho data have seriously constrained the possibility of resolving the B -> pi pi puzzle from the large observed B^0 -> pi^0 pi^0 branching ratio in the available theoretical approaches. The next-to-leading-order (NLO) contributions from the vertex corrections, the quark loops, and the magnetic penguin evaluated in the perturbative QCD (PQCD) approach have saturated the experimental upper bound of the B^0 -> rho^0 rho^0 branching ratio, and do not help. The NLO PQCD predictions for the B^0 -> rho^\mp rho^\pm and B^\pm -> rho^\pm rho^0 branching ratios are consistent with the data. Read More

We calculate the important next-to-leading-order contributions to the B -> pi K, pi pi decays from the vertex corrections, the quark loops, and the magnetic penguins in the perturbative QCD approach. It is found that the latter two reduce the leading-order penguin amplitudes by about 10%, and modify only the B -> pi K branching ratios. The main effect of the vertex corrections is to increase the small color-suppressed tree amplitude by a factor of 3, which then resolves the large difference between the direct CP asymmetries of the B^0 -> pi^\mp K^\pm and B^\pm -> pi^0 K^\pm modes. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Tohoku U.,

^{2}Nagoya U.

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We discuss a possibility of large electroweak(EW) penguin contribution in B-->K pi and pi pi. The recent experimental data may be still suggesting that there are some discrepancies between the data and theoretical estimations. In B --> K pi decays, to explain several theoretical relations among the branching ratios, a slightly large electroweak penguin contribution and large strong phase differences or quite large color suppressed tree contribution seem to be needed. Read More

We demonstrate that the polarization fractions of most tree-dominated $B\to VV$ decays can be simply understood by means of kinematics in the heavy-quark or large-energy limit. For example, the longitudinal polarization fractions $R_L$ of the $B^0\to (D_s^{*+}, D^{*+}, \rho^+)D^{*-}$ and $B^+\to (D_s^{*+}, D^{*+}, \rho^+)\rho^0$ modes increase as the masses of the mesons $D_s^{*+}, D^{*+}, \rho^+$ emitted from the weak vertex decrease. The subleading finite-mass or finite-energy corrections modify these simple estimates only slightly. Read More

Recent results on the mixing-induced CP asymmetries of B \to \phi K^0 and B \to \eta' K_S measured at B-factories appear to indicate discrepancies from the Standard Model expectation. Explanation of this possible anomaly is given in the context of supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. It is shown that the present data, if the average of two experiments is taken, implies additional CP violation appearing in the generation mixing of left-handed squarks rather than that of right-handed ones. Read More

We study the effects of supersymmetric contribution on both the B_d -> phi K^0 and B^\pm -> phi K^\pm modes using the perturbative QCD approach. We estimate the deviation of mixing-induced and direct CP asymmetries and discuss the strong-phase dependence of them. Read More

We discuss potential to measure squark flavor mixings based on future data at super B factory and LHC. In particular we focus on the imaginary part of the mixings by investigating the CP violating observables. As a result, we find they are determined with the uncertainty about 10 % at best. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Tohoku U.,

^{2}Nagoya U.

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We discuss about a possibility of large electroweak penguin contribution in B -> K pi and pi pi from recent experimental data. The experimental data may be suggesting that there are some discrepancies between the data and theoretical estimation in the branching ratios of them. In B -> K pi decays, to explain it, a large electroweak penguin contribution and large strong phase differences seem to be needed. Read More

We study the effects of the MSSM contribution on B -> phi K decays using the perturbative QCD approach. In this approach, strong phases can be calculated, so that we can predict the values of CP asymmetries with the MSSM contribution. We predict a large relative strong phase between the penguin amplitude and the chromomagnetic penguin amplitude. Read More

New physics contributions to B decays often arise through chromo-magnetic penguin operators. To look for new physics effects in B decays, it is useful to be able to estimate the hadronic matrix elements for the chromo-magnetic operator. We compute this contribution to B ->phi K decays using PQCD methods. Read More

We calculate branching ratios for pure penguin decay modes, $B\to \phi K$ decays using perturbative QCD approach. Our results of branching ratios are consistent with the experimental data and larger than those obtained from the naive factorization assumption and the QCD-improved factorization approach. This is due to a dynamical penguin enhancement in perturbative QCD approach. Read More

We calculate the branching ratios and CP asymmetries of the $B\to \phi K$ decays using perturbative QCD approach, which includes $k_T$ and threshold resummations. Our results of branching ratios are consistent with the experimental data and larger than those obtained from the naive factorization assumption and the QCD-improved factorization approach. Read More