# S. L. Xiong - Department of Physics, Nanjing University, China

## Contact Details

NameS. L. Xiong |
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AffiliationDepartment of Physics, Nanjing University, China |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (14) Quantum Physics (8) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (6) Statistics - Computation (5) Statistics - Methodology (4) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3) Physics - Chemical Physics (3) Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (3) Physics - Materials Science (3) Computer Science - Computation and Language (2) Mathematics - Statistics (2) Statistics - Theory (2) Statistics - Machine Learning (2) Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2) Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2) Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1) Physics - Optics (1) Physics - Biological Physics (1) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1) Computer Science - Learning (1) Mathematics - Information Theory (1) Computer Science - Information Theory (1) Nuclear Experiment (1) Mathematics - Probability (1) |

## Publications Authored By S. L. Xiong

**Authors:**H. L. Xiao, W. Hajdas, P. Socha, R. Marcinkowski, B. B. Wu, T. W. Bao, J. Y. Chai, Y. W. Dong, M. N. Kong, L. Li, Z. H. Li, J. T. Liu, H. L. Shi, L. M. Song, J. C. Sun, R. J. Wang, Y. H. Wang, X. Wen, S. L. Xiong, J. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhang, X. F. Zhang, Y. J. Zhang, F. Cadoux, M. Pohl, X. Wu, T. Batsch, D. Rybka, A. Rutczynska, J. Szabelski, A. Zwolinska, N. Gauvin, N. Produit, T. Bernasconi

POLAR is space-borne detector designed for a precise measurement of gamma-ray polarization of the prompt emissions of Gamma-Ray Bursts in the energy range 50 keV - 500 keV. POLAR is a compact Compton polarimeter consisting of 40$\times$ 40 plastic scintillator bars read out by 25 multi-anode PMTs. In May 2015, we performed a series of tests of the POLAR flight model with 100\% polarized x-rays beams at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility beam-line ID11 aming to study thresholds, crosstalk between channels and responses of POLAR flight model to polarized X-ray beams. Read More

Due to the distinguished properties offered by different structural phases of monolayer MoS2, phase engineering design are urgently required for achieving switchable structural phase. Strain engineering is widely accepted as a clean and flexible method, however, cannot be achieved in engineering monolayer MoS2 phase transition because the critical biaxial strain required (~15%) is much larger than measured elastic limit (~11%). In this study, employing density functional theoretical calculations, it has been found out that with the forming of heterostructure between MoS2 with buckled 2D materials such as silicence, germanene and stanene, only a small strain can trigger the phase transition. Read More

**Authors:**X. F. Zhang, W. Hajdas, H. L. Xiao, X. Wen, B. B. Wu, T. W. Bao, T. Batsch, T. Bernasconi, F. Cadoux, I. Cernuda, J. Y. Chai, Y. W. Dong, N. Gauvin, J. J. He, M. Kole, M. N. Kong, C. Lechanoine-Leluc, L. Li, Z. H. Li, J. T. Liu, X. Liu, R. Marcinkowski, S. Orsi, M. Pohl, D. Rapin, D. Rybka, H. L. Shi, L. M. Song, J. C. Sun, J. Szabelski, R. J. Wang, Y. H. Wang, X. Wu, S. L. Xiong, M. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, P. Zhang, S. N. Zhang, Y. J. Zhang, A. Zwolinska

As a space-borne detector POLAR is designed to conduct hard X-ray polarization measurements of gamma-ray bursts on the statistically significant sample of events and with an unprecedented accuracy. During its development phase a number of tests, calibrations runs and verification measurements were carried out in order to validate instrument functionality and optimize operational parameters. In this article we present results on gain optimization togeter with verification data obtained in the course of broad laboratory and environmental tests. Read More

Based on the distinguishing features of multi-tier millimeter wave (mmWave) networks such as different transmit powers, different directivity gains from directional beamforming alignment and path loss laws for line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) links, we introduce a normalization model to simplify the analysis of multi-tier mmWave cellular networks. The highlight of the model is that we convert a multi-tier mmWave cellular network into a single-tier mmWave network, where all the base stations (BSs) have the same normalized transmit power 1 and the densities of BSs scaled by LOS or NLOS scaling factors respectively follow piecewise constant function which has multiple demarcation points. On this basis, expressions for computing the coverage probability are obtained in general case with beamforming alignment errors and in the special case with perfect beamforming alignment in the communication. Read More

Characterizing the dynamics of open systems usually starts with a perturbative theory and involves various approximations, such as the Born, Markov and rotating-wave approximation (RWA). However, the approximation approaches could introduce more or less incompleteness in describing the bath behaviors. Here, we consider a quantum channel, which is modeled by a qubit (a two-level system) interacting with a bosonic bath. Read More

**Authors:**Caiming Tang, Jianhua Tan, Zhiqiang Shi, Caixing Tang, Songsong Xiong, Jun Liu, Yujuan Fan, Xianzhi Peng

**Category:**Physics - Chemical Physics

Revelation of chlorine and bromine isotope fractionation of halogenated organic compounds (HOCs) in electron impact (EI) ion source is crucial for compound-specific chlorine/bromine isotope analysis (CSIA-Cl/Br) using gas chromatography EI mass spectrometry (GC-EI-MS). This study systematically investigated chlorine/bromine isotope fractionation in EI ion source of HOCs including 12 organochlorines and 5 organobromines using GC-double focus magnetic-sector high resolution MS (GC-DFS-HRMS). In-source chlorine/bromine isotope fractionation behaviors of the HOCs were revealed with varied isotope fractionation patterns and extents depending on compounds. Read More

Compound-specific chlorine/bromine isotope analysis (CSIA-Cl/Br) has become a useful approach for degradation pathway investigation and source appointment of halogenated organic pollutants (HOPs). CSIA-Cl/Br is usually conducted by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), which could be negatively impacted by chlorine and bromine isotope fractionation of HOPs on GC columns. In this study, 31 organochlorines and 4 organobromines were systematically investigated in terms of Cl/Br isotope fractionation on GC columns using GC-double focus magnetic-sector high resolution MS (GC-DFS-HRMS). Read More

To generate a NOON state with a large photon number $N$, the number of operational steps could be large and the fidelity will decrease rapidly with $N$. Here we propose a method to generate a new type of quantum entangled states, $(|NN00\rangle+|00NN\rangle)/\sqrt{2}$ called "double NOON" states, with a setup of two superconducting flux qutrits and five circuit cavities. This scheme operates essentially by employing a two-photon process, i. Read More

**Authors:**M. Kole, T. W. Bao, T. Batsch, T. Bernasconi, F. Cadoux, J. Y. Chai, Y. W. Dong, N. Gauvin, W. Hajdas, J. J. He, M. N. Kong, S. W. Kong, C. Lechanoine-Leluc, L. Li, Z. H. Li, J. T. Liu, X. Liu, R. Marcinkowski, S. Orsi, M. Pohl, N. Produit, D. Rapin, A. Rutczynska, D. Rybka, H. L. Shi, L. M. Song, J. C. Sun, J. Szabelski, R. J. Wang, Y. J. Wang, X. Wen, B. B. Wu, X. Wu, H. L. Xiao, S. L. Xiong, H. H. Xu, M. Xu, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhang, X. F. Zhang, Y. J. Zhang, A. Zwolinska

Gamma-ray polarimetry is a new powerful tool to study the processes responsible for the emission from astrophysical sources and the environments in which this emission takes place. Few successful polarimetric measurements have however been performed thus far in the gamma-ray energy band due to the difficulties involved. POLAR is a dedicated polarimeter designed to perform high precision measurements of the polarization of the emission from gamma-ray burst in the 50-500 keV energy range. Read More

Most of existing work learn sentiment-specific word representation for improving Twitter sentiment classification, which encoded both n-gram and distant supervised tweet sentiment information in learning process. They assume all words within a tweet have the same sentiment polarity as the whole tweet, which ignores the word its own sentiment polarity. To address this problem, we propose to learn sentiment-specific word embedding by exploiting both lexicon resource and distant supervised information. Read More

A qudit ($d$-level quantum systems) has a large Hilbert space and thus can be used to achieve many quantum information and communication tasks. Here, we propose a method to transfer arbitrary $d$-dimensional quantum states (known or unknown) between two superconducting qudits coupled to a single cavity. The state transfer can be performed fast because of employing resonant interactions only. Read More

Compared with a qubit, a qutrit (i.e., three-level quantum system) has a larger Hilbert space and thus can be used to encode more information in quantum information processing and communication. Read More

**Authors:**S. N. Zhang, M. Feroci, A. Santangelo, Y. W. Dong, H. Feng, F. J. Lu, K. Nandra, Z. S. Wang, S. Zhang, E. Bozzo, S. Brandt, A. De Rosa, L. J. Gou, M. Hernanz, M. van der Klis, X. D. Li, Y. Liu, P. Orleanski, G. Pareschi, M. Pohl, J. Poutanen, J. L. Qu, S. Schanne, L. Stella, P. Uttley, A. Watts, R. X. Xu, W. F. Yu, J. J. M. in 't Zand, S. Zane, L. Alvarez, L. Amati, L. Baldini, C. Bambi, S. Basso, S. Bhattacharyya, R. Bellazzini, T. Belloni, P. Bellutti, S. Bianchi, A. Brez, M. Bursa, V. Burwitz, C. Budtz-Jorgensen, I. Caiazzo, R. Campana, X. L. Cao, P. Casella, C. Y. Chen, L. Chen, T. X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. P. Chen, M. Civitani, F. Coti Zelati, W. Cui, W. W. Cui, Z. G. Dai, E. Del Monte, D. De Martino, S. Di Cosimo, S. Diebold, M. Dovciak, I. Donnarumma, V. Doroshenko, P. Esposito, Y. Evangelista, Y. Favre, P. Friedrich, F. Fuschino, J. L. Galvez, Z. L. Gao, M. Y. Ge, O. Gevin, D. Goetz, D. W. Han, J. Heyl, J. Horak, W. Hu, F. Huang, Q. S. Huang, R. Hudec, D. Huppenkothen, G. L. Israel, A. Ingram, V. Karas, D. Karelin, P. A. Jenke, L. Ji, T. Kennedy, S. Korpela, D. Kunneriath, C. Labanti, G. Li, X. Li, Z. S. Li, E. W. Liang, O. Limousin, L. Lin, Z. X. Ling, H. B. Liu, H. W. Liu, Z. Liu, B. Lu, N. Lund, D. Lai, B. Luo, T. Luo, B. Ma, S. Mahmoodifar, M. Marisaldi, A. Martindale, N. Meidinger, Y. P. Men, M. Michalska, R. Mignani, M. Minuti, S. Motta, F. Muleri, J. Neilsen, M. Orlandini, A T. Pan, A. Patruno, E. Perinati, A. Picciotto, C. Piemonte, M. Pinchera, A. Rachevski, M. Rapisarda, N. Rea, E. M. R. Rossi, A. Rubini, G. Sala, X. W. Shu, C. Sgro, Z. X. Shen, P. Soffitta, L. M. Song, G. Spandre, G. Stratta, T. E. Strohmayer, L. Sun, J. Svoboda, G. Tagliaferri, C. Tenzer, H. Tong, R. Taverna, G. Torok, R. Turolla, A. Vacchi, J. Wang, J. X. Wang, D. Walton, K. Wang, J. F. Wang, R. J. Wang, Y. F. Wang, S. S. Weng, J. Wilms, B. Winter, X. Wu, X. F. Wu, S. L. Xiong, Y. P. Xu, Y. Q. Xue, Z. Yan, S. Yang, X. Yang, Y. J. Yang, F. Yuan, W. M. Yuan, Y. F. Yuan, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, A. Zdziarski, C. Zhang, C. L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Zhang, Z. Zhang, W. D. Zhang, S. J. Zheng, P. Zhou, X. L. Zhou

eXTP is a science mission designed to study the state of matter under extreme conditions of density, gravity and magnetism. Primary targets include isolated and binary neutron stars, strong magnetic field systems like magnetars, and stellar-mass and supermassive black holes. The mission carries a unique and unprecedented suite of state-of-the-art scientific instruments enabling for the first time ever the simultaneous spectral-timing-polarimetry studies of cosmic sources in the energy range from 0. Read More

Optimization problems with both control variables and environmental variables arise in many fields. This paper introduces a framework of personalized optimization to han- dle such problems. Unlike traditional robust optimization, personalized optimization devotes to finding a series of optimal control variables for different values of environmental variables. Read More

Finding the electromagnetic (EM) counterpart is critically important for a gravitational wave event. Although many efforts have been made to search for the purported EM counterpart of GW150914, the first gravitational wave event detected by LIGO, only Fermi/GBM reported an excess above background (i.e. Read More

Aspect phrase grouping is an important task in aspect-level sentiment analysis. It is a challenging problem due to polysemy and context dependency. We propose an Attention-based Deep Distance Metric Learning (ADDML) method, by considering aspect phrase representation as well as context representation. Read More

**Authors:**P. Narayana Bhat, Charles A. Meegan, Andreas von Kienlin, William S. Paciesas, Michael S. Briggs, J. Michael Burgess, Eric Burns, Vandiver Chaplin, William H. Cleveland, Andrew C. Collazzi, Valerie Connaughto, Anne M. Diekmann, Gerard Fitzpatrick, Melissa H. Gibby, Misty M. Giles, Adam M. Goldstein, Jochen Greiner, Peter A. Jenke, R. Marc Kippen, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Bagrat Mailyan, Sheila McBreen, Veronique Pelassa, Robert D. Preece, Oliver J. Roberts, Linda S. Sparke, Matthew Stanbro, Peter Veres, Colleen A. Wilson-Hodge, Shaolin Xiong, George Younes, Hoi-Fung Yu, Binbin Zhang

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Since its launch in 2008, the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) has triggered and located on average approximately two gamma-ray bursts (GRB) every three days. Here we present the third of a series of catalogs of GRBs detected by GBM, extending the second catalog by two more years, through the middle of July 2014. The resulting list includes 1405 triggers identified as GRBs. Read More

Pseudorandom binary sequences with optimal balance and autocorrelation have many applications in stream cipher, communication, coding theory, etc. It is known that binary sequences with three-level autocorrelation should have an almost difference set as their characteristic sets. How to construct new families of almost difference set is an important research topic in such fields as communication, coding theory and cryptography. Read More

Pseudorandom sequences with optimal three-level autocorrelation have important applications in CDMA communication systems. Constructing the sequences with three-level autocorrelation is equivalent to finding cyclic almost difference sets as their supports. In a paper of Ding, Helleseth, and Martinsen, the authors developed a new method known as the Ding-Helleseth-Martinsens Constructions in literature to construct the almost difference set using product set between GF(2) and union sets of cyclotomic classes of order 4. Read More

In this paper, the linear complexity over $\mathbf{GF}(r)$ of generalized cyclotomic quaternary sequences with period $2pq$ is determined, where $ r $ is an odd prime such that $r \ge 5$ and $r\notin \lbrace p,q\rbrace$. The minimal value of the linear complexity is equal to $\tfrac{5pq+p+q+1}{4}$ which is greater than the half of the period $2pq$. According to the Berlekamp-Massey algorithm, these sequences are viewed as enough good for the use in cryptography. Read More

Understanding and controlling heat transport in molecular junctions would provide new routes to design nanoscale coupled electronic and phononic devices. Using first principles full quantum calculations, we tune thermal conductance of a molecular junction by mechanically compressing and extending a short alkane chain connected to graphene leads. We find that the thermal conductance of the compressed junction drops by half in comparison to the extended junction, making it possible to turn on and off the heat current. Read More

The Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT) is a broad band X-ray astronomical satellite from 1 to 250 keV. Understanding the X-ray background in detail will help to achieve a good performance of the instrument. In this work, we make use of the mass modelling technique to estimate the background of High Energy Telescope (HE) aboard HXMT. Read More

Tuning the spin-orbit coupling strength via foreign element doping and/or modifying bonding strength via strain engineering are the major routes to convert normal insulators to topological insulators. We here propose an alternative strategy to realize topological phase transition by tuning the orbital level. Following this strategy, our first-principles calculations demonstrate that a topological phase transition in some cubic perovskite-type compounds CsGeBr$_3$ and CsSnBr$_3$ could be facilitated by carbon substitutional doping. Read More

Self-heating is a severe problem for high-power microelectronic devices. Graphene and few-layer graphene have attracted tremendous attention for heat removal thanks to their extraordinarily high in-plane thermal conductivity. However, this high thermal conductivity undergoes severe degradations caused by the contact with the substrate and the functionalization-induced point defects. Read More

Cavity-based large scale quantum information processing (QIP) may involve multiple cavities and require performing various quantum logic operations on qubits distributed in different cavities. Geometric-phase-based quantum computing has drawn much attention recently, which offers advantages against inaccuracies and local fluctuations. In addition, multiqubit gates are particularly appealing and play important roles in QIP. Read More

Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) are short intense flashes of gamma rays associated with lightning activity in thunderstorms. Using Monte Carlo simulations of the relativistic runaway electron avalanche (RREA) process, theoretical predictions for the temporal and spectral evolution of TGFs are compared to observations made with the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Assuming a single source altitude of 15 km, a comparison of simulations to data is performed for a range of empirically chosen source electron variation time scales. Read More

**Authors:**Suzanne Foley, Gerard Fitzpatrick, Michael S. Briggs, Valerie Connaughton, David Tierney, Sheila McBreen, Joseph Dwyer, Vandiver L. Chaplin, P. Narayana Bhat, David Byrne, Eric Cramer, Gerald J. Fishman, Shaolin Xiong, Jochen Greiner, R. Marc Kippen, Charles A. Meegan, William S. Paciesas, Robert D. Preece, Andreas von Kienlin, Colleen Wilson-Hodge

The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has triggered on over 300 terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) since its launch in June 2008. With 14 detectors, GBM collects on average ~100 counts per triggered TGF, enabling unprecedented studies of the time profiles of TGFs. Here we present the first rigorous analysis of the temporal properties of a large sample of TGFs (278), including the distributions of the rise and fall times of the individual pulses and their durations. Read More

This paper introduces a local optimization-based approach to test statistical hypotheses and to construct confidence intervals. This approach can be viewed as an extension of bootstrap, and yields asymptotically valid tests and confidence intervals as long as there exist consistent estimators of unknown parameters. We present simple algorithms including a neighborhood bootstrap method to implement the approach. Read More

We propose an efficient scheme for generating photonic NOON states of two resonators coupled to a four-level superconducting flux device. This proposal operates essentially by employing a technique of a coupler device resonantly interacting with two resonators simultaneously. As a consequence, the NOON-state preparation requires only $N+1$ operational steps and thus is much faster when compared with a recent proposal [Q. Read More

$W$-type entangled states can be used as quantum channels for, e.g., quantum teleportation, quantum dense coding, and quantum key distribution. Read More

**Authors:**V. Connaughton, M. S. Briggs, A. Goldstein, C. A. Meegan, W. S. Paciesas, R. D. Preece, C. A. Wilson-Hodge, M. H. Gibby, J. Greiner, D. Gruber, P. Jenke, R. M. Kippen, V. Pelassa, S. Xiong, H. -F. Yu, P. N. Bhat, J. M. Burgess, D. Byrne, G. Fitzpatrick, S. Foley, M. M. Giles, S. Guiriec, A. J. van der Horst, A. von Kienlin, S. McBreen, S. McGlynn, D. Tierney, B. -B. Zhang

The Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) has detected over 1400 Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) since it began science operations in July, 2008. We use a subset of over 300 GRBs localized by instruments such as Swift, the Fermi Large Area Telescope, INTEGRAL, and MAXI, or through triangulations from the InterPlanetary Network (IPN), to analyze the accuracy of GBM GRB localizations. We find that the reported statistical uncertainties on GBM localizations, which can be as small as 1 degree, underestimate the distance of the GBM positions to the true GRB locations and we attribute this to systematic uncertainties. Read More

This work focuses on active learning of distance metrics from relative comparison information. A relative comparison specifies, for a data point triplet $(x_i,x_j,x_k)$, that instance $x_i$ is more similar to $x_j$ than to $x_k$. Such constraints, when available, have been shown to be useful toward defining appropriate distance metrics. Read More

Piezoelectricity offers precise and robust conversion between electricity and mechanical force. Here we report the first experimental evidence of piezoelectricity in a single layer of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) crystal as a result of inversion symmetry breaking of the atomic structure, with measured piezoelectric coefficient e11 = 2.9e-10 C/m. Read More

Penalized least squares methods are commonly used for simultaneous estimation and variable selection in high-dimensional linear models. In this paper we compare several prevailing methods including the lasso, nonnegative garrote, and SCAD in this area through Monte Carlo simulations. Criterion for evaluating these methods in terms of variable selection and estimation are presented. Read More

**Authors:**P. A. Evans, R. Willingale, J. P. Osborne, P. T. O'Brien, N. R. Tanvir, D. D. Frederiks, V. D. Pal'shin, D. S. Svinkin, A. Lien, J. Cummings, S. Xiong, B. -B. Zhang, D. Götz, V. Savchenko, Hitoshi Negoro, Satoshi Nakahira, Kazuhiko Suzuki, K. Wiersema, R. L. C. Starling, A. J. Castro-Tirado, A. P. Beardmore, R. Sánchez-Ramírez, J. Gorosabel, S. Jeong, J. A. Kennea, D. N. Burrows, N. Gehrels

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

GRB 130925A was an unusual GRB, consisting of 3 distinct episodes of high-energy emission spanning $\sim$20 ks, making it a member of the proposed category of `ultra-long' bursts. It was also unusual in that its late-time X-ray emission observed by Swift was very soft, and showed a strong hard-to-soft spectral evolution with time. This evolution, rarely seen in GRB afterglows, can be well modelled as the dust-scattered echo of the prompt emission, with stringent limits on the contribution from the normal afterglow (i. Read More

**Authors:**J. Michael Burgess, Robert D. Preece, Felix Ryde, Peter Veres, Peter Meszaros, Valerie Connaughton, Michael Briggs, Asaf Pe'er, Shabnam Iyyani, Adam Goldstein, Magnus Axelsson, Matthew G. Baring, P. N. Bhat, David Byrne, Gerard Fitzpatrick, Suzanne Foley, Daniel Kocevski, Nicola Omodei, William S. Paciesas, Veronique Pelassa, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Shaolin Xiong, Hoi-Fung Yu, Binbin Zhang, Sylvia Zhu

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Recent observations by the $Fermi$ Gamma-ray Space Telescope have confirmed the existence of thermal and non-thermal components in the prompt photon spectra of some Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Through an analysis of six bright Fermi GRBs, we have discovered a correlation between the observed photospheric and non-thermal $\gamma$-ray emission components of several GRBs using a physical model that has previously been shown to be a good fit to the Fermi data. From the spectral parameters of these fits we find that the characteristic energies, $E_{\rm p}$ and $kT$, of these two components are correlated via the relation $E_{\rm p} \propto T^{\alpha}$ which varies from GRB to GRB. Read More

Many statistical methods require solutions to optimization problems. When the global solution is hard to attain, statisticians always use the better if there are two solutions for chosen, where the word "better" is understood in the sense of optimization. This seems reasonable in that the better solution is more likely to be the global solution, whose statistical properties of interest usually have been well established. Read More

**Authors:**David Gruber, Adam Goldstein, Victoria Weller von Ahlefeld, P. Narayana Bhat, Elisabetta Bissaldi, Michael S. Briggs, Dave Byrne, William H. Cleveland, Valerie Connaughton, Roland Diehl, Gerald J. Fishman, Gerard Fitzpatrick, Suzanne Foley, Melissa Gibby, Misty M. Giles, Jochen Greiner, Sylvain Guiriec, Alexander J. van der Horst, Andreas von Kienlin, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Emily Layden, Lin Lin, Charles A. Meegan, Sinéad McGlynn, William S. Paciesas, Véronique Pelassa, Robert D. Preece, Arne Rau, Colleen A. Wilson-Hodge, Shaolin Xiong, George Younes, Hoi-Fung Yu

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

In this catalog we present the updated set of spectral analyses of GRBs detected by the Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) during its first four years of operation. It contains two types of spectra, time-integrated spectral fits and spectral fits at the brightest time bin, from 943 triggered GRBs. Four different spectral models were fitted to the data, resulting in a compendium of more than 7500 spectra. Read More

**Authors:**Andreas von Kienlin, Charles A. Meegan, William S. Paciesas, P. N. Bhat, Elisabetta Bissaldi, Michael S. Briggs, J. Michael Burgess, David Byrne, Vandiver Chaplin, William Cleveland, Valerie Connaughton, Andrew C. Collazzi, Gerard Fitzpatrick, Suzanne Foley, Melissa Gibby, Misty Giles, Adam Goldstein, Jochen Greiner, David Gruber, Sylvain Guiriec, Alexander J. van der Horst, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Emily Layden, Sheila McBreen, Sinead McGlynn, Veronique Pelassa, Robert D. Preece, Arne Rau, Dave Tierney, Colleen A. Wilson-Hodge, Shaolin Xiong, George Younes, Hoi-Fung Yu

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

This is the second of a series of catalogs of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) observed with the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). It extends the first two-year catalog by two more years, resulting in an overall list of 953 GBM triggered GRBs. The intention of the GBM GRB catalog is to provide information to the community on the most important observables of the GBM detected GRBs. Read More

The optical light that is generated simultaneously with the x-rays and gamma-rays during a gamma-ray burst (GRB) provides clues about the nature of the explosions that occur as massive stars collapse to form black holes. We report on the bright optical flash and fading afterglow from the powerful burst GRB 130427A and present a comparison with the properties of the gamma-ray emission that show correlation of the optical and >100 MeV photon flux light curves during the first 7,000 seconds. We attribute this correlation to co-generation in an external shock. Read More

**Authors:**R. Preece, J. Michael Burgess, A. von Kienlin, P. N. Bhat, M. S. Briggs, D. Byrne, V. Chaplin, W. Cleveland, A. C. Collazzi, V. Connaughton, A. Diekmann, G. Fitzpatrick, S. Foley, M. Gibby, M. Giles, A. Goldstein, J. Greiner, D. Gruber, P. Jenke, R. M. Kippen, C. Kouveliotou, S. McBreen, C. Meegan, W. S. Paciesas, V. Pelassa, D. Tierney, A. J. van der Horst, C. Wilson-Hodge, S. Xiong, G. Younes, H. -F. Yu, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, M. Axelsson, L. Baldini, G. Barbiellini, M. G. Baring, D. Bastieri, R. Bellazzini, E. Bissaldi, E. Bonamente, J. Bregeon, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, R. Buehler, S. Buson, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, C. Cecchi, E. Charles, A. Chekhtman, J. Chiang, G. Chiaro, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, L. R. Cominsky, J. Conrad, F. D'Ammando, A. de Angelis, F. de Palma, C. D. Dermer, R. Desiante, S. W. Digel, L. Di Venere, P. S. Drell, A. Drlica-Wagner, C. Favuzzi, A. Franckowiak, Y. Fukazawa, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, N. Gehrels, S. Germani, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, M. Giroletti, G. Godfrey, J. Granot, I. A. Grenier, S. Guiriec, D. Hadasch, Y. Hanabata, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, S. Iyyani, T. Jogler, G. Jóannesson, T. Kawano, J. Knödlseder, D. Kocevski, M. Kuss, J. Lande, J. Larsson, S. Larsson, L. Latronico, F. Longo, F. Loparco, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, M. Mayer, M. N. Mazziotta, P. F. Michelson, T. Mizuno, M. E. Monzani, E. Moretti, A. Morselli, S. Murgia, R. Nemmen, E. Nuss, T. Nymark, M. Ohno, T. Ohsugi, A. Okumura, N. Omodei, M. Orienti, D. Paneque, J. S. Perkins, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, G. Pivato, T. A. Porter, J. L. Racusin, S. Rainò, R. Rando, M. Razzano, S. Razzaque, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, S. Ritz, M. Roth, F. Ryde, A. Sartori, J. D. Scargle, A. Schulz, C. Sgrò, E. J. Siskind, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, J. G. Thayer, J. B. Thayer, L. Tibaldo, M. Tinivella, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, E. Troja, T. L. Usher, J. Vandenbroucke, V. Vasileiou, G. Vianello, V. Vitale, M. Werner, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, S. Zhu

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Gamma-ray burst (GRB) 130427A is one of the most energetic GRBs ever observed. The initial pulse up to 2.5 s is possibly the brightest well-isolated pulse observed to date. Read More

Heat transfer between two silica clusters is investigated by using the non-equilibrium Green's function method. In the gap range between 4 {\AA} and three times the cluster size, the thermal conductance decreases as predicted by the surface charge-charge interaction. Above five times the cluster size, the volume dipole-dipole interaction predominates. Read More

**Authors:**J. M. Burgess, R. D. Preece, V. Connaughton, M. S. Briggs, A. Goldstein, P. N. Bhat, J. Greiner, D. Gruber, A. Kienlin, C. Kouveliotou, S. McGlynn, C. A. Meegan, W. S. Paciesas, A. Rau, S. Xiong, M. Axelsson, M. G. Baring, C. D. Dermer, S. Iyyani, D. Kocevski, N. Omodei, F. Ryde, G. Vianello

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

Time-resolved spectroscopy is performed on eight bright, long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) dominated by single emission pulses that were observed with the {\it Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope}. Fitting the prompt radiation of GRBs by empirical spectral forms such as the Band function leads to ambiguous conclusions about the physical model for the prompt radiation. Moreover, the Band function is often inadequate to fit the data. Read More

In this paper, we define a new type of decoherent quantum random walks with parameter $0\le p\le 1$, which becomes a unitary quantum random walk (UQRW) when $p=0$ and an open quantum random walk (OPRW) when $p=1$ respectively. We call this process a partially open quantum random walk (POQRW). We study the limiting distribution of a POQRW on $Z^1$ subject to decoherence on coins with $n$ degrees of freedom, which converges to a convex combination of normal distributions if the superoperator $\mathcal{L}_{kk}$ satisfies the eigenvalue condition, that is, 1 is an eigenvalue of $\mathcal{L}_{kk}$ with multiplicity one and all other eigenvalues have absolute values less than 1. Read More

To find efficient screening methods for high dimensional linear regression models, this paper studies the relationship between model fitting and screening performance. Under a sparsity assumption, we show that a subset that includes the true submodel always yields smaller residual sum of squares (i.e. Read More

We propose a scheme to generate metal-insulator transition in random binary layer (RBL) model, which is constructed by randomly assigning two types of layers. Based on a tight-binding Hamiltonian, the localization length is calculated for a variety of RBLs with different cross section geometries by using the transfer-matrix method. Both analytical and numerical results show that a band of extended states could appear in the RBLs and the systems behave as metals by properly tuning the model parameters, due to the existence of a completely ordered subband, leading to a metal-insulator transition in parameter space. Read More

**Authors:**S. Guiriec

^{1}, F. Daigne, R. Hascoët, G. Vianello, R. Mochkovitch, F. Ryde, C. Kouveliotou, S. Xiong, P. N. Bhat, S. Foley, D. Grüber, J. M. Burgess, S. McGlynn, J. McEnery, N. Gehrels

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

The short GRB 120323A had the highest flux ever detected with the Fermi/GBM. Here we study its remarkable spectral properties and their evolution using two spectral models: (i) a single emission component scenario, where the spectrum is modeled by the empirical Band function, and (ii) a two component scenario, where thermal (Planck-like) emission is observed simultaneously with a non-thermal component (a Band function). We find that the latter model fits the integrated burst spectrum significantly better than the former, and that their respective spectral parameters are dramatically different: when fit with a Band function only, the Epeak of the event is unusually soft for a short GRB, while adding a thermal component leads to more typical short GRB values. Read More

We investigate the influence of static disorder and thermal excitations on excitonic energy transport in the light-harvesting apparatus of photosynthetic systems by solving the Schr\"{o}dinger equation and taking into account the coherent hoppings of excitons, the rates of exciton creation and annihilation in antennas and reaction centers, and the coupling to thermally excited phonons. The antennas and reaction centers are modeled, respectively, as the sources and drains which provide the channels for creation and annihilation of excitons. Phonon modes below a maximum frequency are coupled to the excitons that are continuously created in the antennas and depleted in the reaction centers, and the phonon population in these modes obeys the Bose-Einstein distribution at a given temperature. Read More

In this paper we discuss the variable selection method from \ell0-norm constrained regression, which is equivalent to the problem of finding the best subset of a fixed size. Our study focuses on two aspects, consistency and computation. We prove that the sparse estimator from such a method can retain all of the important variables asymptotically for even exponentially growing dimensionality under regularity conditions. Read More

We present the design, fabrication and performance test of a quasi three-dimensional carpet cloak made of normal dielectric in the microwave regime. Taking advantage of a simple linear coordinate transformation we design a carpet cloak with homogeneous anisotropic medium and then practically realize the device with multilayer of alternating normal dielectric slabs based on the effective medium theory. As a proof-of-concept example, we fabricate the carpet cloak with multilayer of FR4 dielectric slabs with air spacing. Read More