# S. K. Lin - T-4, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA

## Contact Details

NameS. K. Lin |
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AffiliationT-4, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA |
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CityLos Alamos |
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CountryUnited States |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (8) High Energy Physics - Experiment (7) Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (6) Computer Science - Information Theory (5) Mathematics - Information Theory (5) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4) Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3) High Energy Physics - Theory (3) Nuclear Experiment (3) Physics - Superconductivity (3) Quantum Physics (3) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (3) Statistics - Machine Learning (2) Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2) Mathematics - Functional Analysis (2) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2) Mathematics - General Topology (2) Mathematics - Group Theory (2) Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2) Computer Science - Learning (2) Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1) Nuclear Theory (1) Statistics - Methodology (1) Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1) Computer Science - Software Engineering (1) Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science (1) Computer Science - Multimedia (1) Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1) Physics - Optics (1) Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1) Astrophysics of Galaxies (1) Physics - Materials Science (1) Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1) Computer Science - Graphics (1) Physics - Chemical Physics (1) Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1) Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1) Mathematics - Combinatorics (1) |

## Publications Authored By S. K. Lin

Here we report small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements and theoretical modeling of U$_3$Al$_2$Ge$_3$. Analysis of the SANS data reveals a phase transition to sinusoidally modulated magnetic order, at $T_N=63$~K to be second order, and a Lifshitz phase transition to ferromagnetic order at $T_c=48$~K. Within the sinusoidally modulated magnetic phase ($T_c < T < T_N$), we uncover a dramatic change in the ordering wave-vector as a function of temperature. Read More

Beside the spin density wave (SDW) order inside the superconducting phase in $\mathrm{CeCoIn_5}$ at high magnetic fields, recent neutron scattering measurements have found Bragg peaks in $5\%$ Nd doped $\mathrm{CeCoIn_5}$ at low fields. The intensity of Bragg peaks in low fields is suppressed by increasing field. Based on the phenomenological and microscopic modeling, we show that for the Pauli limited $d$-wave superconductors in the vicinity of SDW instability relevant for $\mathrm{CeCoIn_5}$, magnetic impurities locally induce droplets of SDW order. Read More

The ordering wave vector $\mathbf{Q}$ of a spin density wave (SDW), stabilized within the superconducting state of $\mathrm{CeCoIn_5}$ in a high magnetic field, has been shown to be hypersensitive to the direction of the field. $\mathbf{Q}$ can be switched from a nodal direction of the $d$-wave superconducting order parameter to a perpendicular node by rotating the in-plane magnetic field through the antinodal direction within a fraction of a degree. Here, we address the dynamics of the switching of $\mathbf{Q}$. Read More

We present clustering properties from 579,492 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at $z\sim4-6$ over the 100 deg$^2$ sky (corresponding to a 1.4 Gpc$^3$ volume) identified in early data of the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) Subaru strategic program survey. We derive angular correlation functions (ACFs) of the HSC LBGs with unprecedentedly high statistical accuracies at $z\sim4-6$, and compare them with the halo occupation distribution (HOD) models. Read More

We study the connection between a family of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians H and Hermitian ones H based on exact solutions. In general, for a dynamic process in a non-Hermitian system H, there always exists a parallel dynamic process governed by the corresponding Hermitian conjugate Hamiltonian H{\dag}. We show that a linear superposition of the two parallel dynamics is exactly equivalent to the time evolution of a state under a Hermitian Hamiltonian H. Read More

We study two coupled Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) chains system, which is shown to contain rich quantum phases associated with topological invariants protected by symmetries. In the weak coupling region, the system supports two non-trivial topological insulating phases, characterized by winding number N = +1 or -1, and two types of edge states. The boundary between the two topological phases arises from two band closing points, which exhibit topological characteristics in one-dimensional k space. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

Due to increasing concerns about privacy and data control as one of the factors, many small clouds (SCs) established by different providers are emerging in an attempt to meet demand locally. The flip-side of this approach is the problem of resource inelasticity faced by the SCs due to their relatively scarce resources (e.g. Read More

Small-scale clouds (SCs) often suffer from resource under-provisioning during peak demand, leading to inability to satisfy service level agreements (SLAs) and consequent loss of customers. One approach to address this problem is for a set of autonomous SCs to share resources among themselves in a cost-induced cooperative fashion, thereby increasing their individual capacities (when needed) without having to significantly invest in more resources. A central problem (in this context) is how to properly share resources (for a price) to achieve profitable service while maintaining customer SLAs. Read More

Left-handed materials usually are realized in artificial subwavelength structures. Here we show that some anisotropic superconductors, such as $\mathrm{Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_{8+\delta}}$, $\mathrm{YBa_2Cu_xO_y}$ and $\mathrm{La_{2-x}Sr_xCuO_4}$, are intrinsic left-handed materials. The condition is that the plasma frequency in the $c$ axis, $\omega_c$, and in the $ab$ plane, $\omega_{ab}$, and the operating frequency, $\omega$, satisfy $\omega_c<\omega<\omega_{ab}$. Read More

Automatic decision-making approaches, such as reinforcement learning (RL), have been applied to (partially) solve the resource allocation problem adaptively in the cloud computing system. However, a complete cloud resource allocation framework exhibits high dimensions in state and action spaces, which prohibit the usefulness of traditional RL techniques. In addition, high power consumption has become one of the critical concerns in design and control of cloud computing systems, which degrades system reliability and increases cooling cost. Read More

**Authors:**The NOvA Collaboration, P. Adamson, L. Aliaga, D. Ambrose, N. Anfimov, A. Antoshkin, E. Arrieta-Diaz, K. Augsten, A. Aurisano, C. Backhouse, M. Baird, B. A. Bambah, K. Bays, B. Behera, S. Bending, R. Bernstein, V. Bhatnagar, B. Bhuyan, J. Bian, T. Blackburn, A. Bolshakova, C. Bromberg, J. Brown, G. Brunetti, N. Buchanan, A. Butkevich, V. Bychkov, M. Campbell, E. Catano-Mur, S. Childress, B. C. Choudhary, B. Chowdhury, T. E. Coan, J. A. B. Coelho, M. Colo, J. Cooper, L. Corwin, L. Cremonesi, D. Cronin-Hennessy, G. S. Davies, J. P. Davies, P. F. Derwent, R. Dharmapalan, P. Ding, Z. Djurcic, E. C. Dukes, H. Duyang, S. Edayath, R. Ehrlich, G. J. Feldman, M. J. Frank, M. Gabrielyan, H. R. Gallagher, S. Germani, T. Ghosh, A. Giri, R. A. Gomes, M. C. Goodman, V. Grichine, R. Group, D. Grover, B. Guo, A. Habig, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, A. Hatzikoutelis, K. Heller, A. Himmel, A. Holin, J. Hylen, F. Jediny, M. Judah, G. K. Kafka, D. Kalra, S. M. S. Kasahara, S. Kasetti, R. Keloth, L. Kolupaeva, S. Kotelnikov, I. Kourbanis, A. Kreymer, A. Kumar, S. Kurbanov, K. Lang, W. M. Lee, S. Lin, J. Liu, M. Lokajicek, J. Lozier, S. Luchuk, K. Maan, S. Magill, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, K. Matera, V. Matveev, D. P. MÃ©ndez, M. D. Messier, H. Meyer, T. Miao, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, R. Mohanta, A. Moren, L. Mualem, M. Muether, S. Mufson, R. Murphy, J. Musser, J. K. Nelson, R. Nichol, E. Niner, A. Norman, T. Nosek, Y. Oksuzian, A. Olshevskiy, T. Olson, J. Paley, P. Pandey, R. B. Patterson, G. Pawloski, D. Pershey, O. Petrova, R. Petti, S. Phan-Budd, R. K. Plunkett, R. Poling, B. Potukuchi, C. Principato, F. Psihas, A. Radovic, R. A. Rameika, B. Rebel, B. Reed, D. Rocco, P. Rojas, V. Ryabov, K. Sachdev, P. Sail, O. Samoylov, M. C. Sanchez, R. Schroeter, J. Sepulveda-Quiroz, P. Shanahan, A. Sheshukov, J. Singh, J. Singh, P. Singh, V. Singh, J. Smolik, N. Solomey, E. Song, A. Sousa, K. Soustruznik, M. Strait, L. Suter, R. L. Talaga, M. C. Tamsett, P. Tas, R. B. Thayyullathil, J. Thomas, X. Tian, S. C. Tognini, J. Tripathi, A. Tsaris, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, J. Vasel, L. Vinton, A. Vold, T. Vrba, B. Wang, M. Wetstein, D. Whittington, S. G. Wojcicki, J. Wolcott, N. Yadav, S. Yang, J. Zalesak, B. Zamorano, R. Zwaska

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

Results are reported from an improved measurement of $\nu_\mu \rightarrow \nu_e$ transitions by the NOvA experiment. Using an exposure equivalent to $6.05\times10^{20}$ protons-on-target 33 $\nu_e$ candidates were observed with a background of $8. Read More

Taking all the magnon modes into account, we derive the skyrmion dynamics in response to a weak external drive. A skyrmion is centrosymmetric and the magnon modes can be characterized by an angular momentum. For a weak distortion of a skyrmion, only the magnon modes with an angular momentum $|m|=1$ govern the dynamics of skyrmion topological center. Read More

**Authors:**Li Wang, Qian Yue, KeJun Kang, JianPing Cheng, YuanJing Li, TszKing Henry Wong, ShinTed Lin, JianPing Chang, JingHan Chen, QingHao Chen, YunHua Chen, Zhi Deng, Qiang Du, Hui Gong, Li He, QingJu He, JinWei Hu, HanXiong Huang, TengRui Huang, LiPing Jia, Hao Jiang, HauBin Li, Hong Li, JianMin Li, Jin Li, Jun Li, Xia Li, XinYing Li, XueQian Li, YuLan Li, FongKay Lin, ShuKui Liu, Hao Ma, JingLu Ma, XingYu Pan, Jie Ren, XiChao Ruan, ManBin Shen, Vivek Sharma, Lakhwinder Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Soma, Jian Su, ChangJian Tang, WeiYou Tang, ChaoHsiung Tseng, JiMin Wang, Qing Wang, ShiYong Wu, Wei Wu, YuCheng Wu, HaoYang Xing, Yin Xu, Tao Xue, LiTao Yang, SongWei Yang, Nan Yi, ChunXu Yu, HaiJun Yu, WeiHe Zeng, XiongHui Zeng, Zhi Zeng, Lan Zhang, YunHua Zhang, MingGang Zhao, Wei Zhao, SuNing Zhong, JiFang Zhou, ZuYing Zhou, JingJun Zhu, WeiBin Zhu, ZhongHua Zhu

We report the first result on Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decay from CDEX-1 experiment at China Jinping Underground Laboratory. A mass of 994 g p-type point-contact high purity germanium detector has been installed to search the neutrinoless double beta decay events, as well as to directly detect dark matter particles. An exposure of 304 kg*day has been analyzed. Read More

This paper aims at refined error analysis for binary classification using support vector machine (SVM) with Gaussian kernel and convex loss. Our first result shows that for some loss functions such as the logistic loss and exponential loss, SVM with Gaussian kernel can reach the almost optimal learning rate, provided the regression function is smooth. Our second result shows that, for a large number of loss functions, under some Tsybakov noise assumption, if the regression function is infinitely smooth, then SVM with Gaussian kernel can achieve the learning rate of order $m^{-1}$, where $m$ is the number of samples. Read More

The feature-rich electronic and magnetic properties of fluorine-doped graphene nanoribbons are investigated by the first-principles calculations. They arise from the cooperative or competitive relations among the significant chemical bonds, finite-size quantum confinement and edge structure. There exist C-C, C-F, and F-F bonds with the multi-orbital hybridizations. Read More

Compared to current mobile networks, next-generation mobile networks are expected to support higher numbers of simultaneously connected devices and to achieve higher system spectrum efficiency and lower power consumption. To achieve these goals, we study the multi-sharing device-to-device (D2D) communication, which allows any cellular user equipment to share its radio resource with multiple D2D devices. We jointly consider resource block reuse and power control and then develop the MISS algorithm. Read More

In this paper, we study a simplified affine motion model based coding framework to overcome the limitation of translational motion model and maintain low computational complexity. The proposed framework mainly has three key contributions. First, we propose to reduce the number of affine motion parameters from 6 to 4. Read More

We introduce the French Street Name Signs (FSNS) Dataset consisting of more than a million images of street name signs cropped from Google Street View images of France. Each image contains several views of the same street name sign. Every image has normalized, title case folded ground-truth text as it would appear on a map. Read More

In this paper, we show that the projective Reed-Muller~(PRM) codes form a family of locally correctable codes~(LCC) in the regime of low query complexities. A PRM code is specified by the alphabet size $q$, the number of variables $m$, and the degree $d$. When $d\leq q-1$, we present a perfectly smooth local decoder to recover a symbol by accessing $\gamma\leq q$ symbols to the coordinates fall on a line. Read More

This work presents a systematic review of the feature-rich essential properties in graphene-related systems using the first-principles method. The geometric and electronic properties are greatly diversified by the number of layers, the stacking configurations, the sliding-created configuration transformation, the rippled structures, and the distinct adatom adsorptions. The top-site adsorptions can induce the significantly buckled structures, especially for hydrogen and fluorine adatoms. Read More

We present a descriptor, called fully convolutional self-similarity (FCSS), for dense semantic correspondence. To robustly match points among different instances within the same object class, we formulate FCSS using local self-similarity (LSS) within a fully convolutional network. In contrast to existing CNN-based descriptors, FCSS is inherently insensitive to intra-class appearance variations because of its LSS-based structure, while maintaining the precise localization ability of deep neural networks. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}PMO,

^{2}IHEP,

^{3}IHEP,

^{4}IHEP

In this work we use the newly reported Boron-to-Carbon ratio (B/C) from AMS-02 and the time-dependent proton fluxes from PAMELA and AMS-02 to constrain the source and propagation parameters of cosmic rays in the Milky Way. A linear correlation of the solar modulation parameter with solar activities is assumed to account for the time-varying cosmic ray fluxes. A comprehensive set of propagation models, with/without reacceleration or convection, have been discussed and compared. Read More

**Authors:**The NOvA Collaboration, P. Adamson, L. Aliaga, D. Ambrose, N. Anfimov, A. Antoshkin, E. Arrieta-Diaz, K. Augsten, A. Aurisano, C. Backhouse, M. Baird, B. A. Bambah, K. Bays, B. Behera, S. Bending, R. Bernstein, V. Bhatnagar, B. Bhuyan, J. Bian, T. Blackburn, A. Bolshakova, C. Bromberg, J. Brown, G. Brunetti, N. Buchanan, A. Butkevich, V. Bychkov, M. Campbell, E. Catano-Mur, S. Childress, B. C. Choudhary, B. Chowdhury, T. E. Coan, J. A. B. Coelho, M. Colo, J. Cooper, L. Corwin, L. Cremonesi, D. Cronin-Hennessy, G. S. Davies, J. P. Davies, P. F. Derwent, S. Desai, R. Dharmapalan, P. Ding, Z. Djurcic, E. C. Dukes, H. Duyang, S. Edayath, R. Ehrlich, G. J. Feldman, M. Gabrielyan, H. R. Gallagher, S. Germani, T. Ghosh, A. Giri, R. A. Gomes, M. C. Goodman, V. Grichine, R. Group, D. Grover, B. Guo, A. Habig, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, A. Hatzikoutelis, K. Heller, A. Himmel, A. Holin, J. Hylen, F. Jediny, M. Judah, G. K. Kafka, D. Kalra, S. M. S. Kasahara, S. Kasetti, R. Keloth, L. Kolupaeva, S. Kotelnikov, I. Kourbanis, A. Kreymer, A. Kumar, S. Kurbanov, K. Lang, W. M. Lee, S. Lin, J. Liu, M. Lokajicek, J. Lozier, S. Luchuk, K. Maan, S. Magill, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, K. Matera, V. Matveev, D. P. MÃ©ndez, M. D. Messier, H. Meyer, T. Miao, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, R. Mohanta, A. Moren, L. Mualem, M. Muether, S. Mufson, R. Murphy, J. Musser, J. K. Nelson, R. Nichol, E. Niner, A. Norman, T. Nosek, Y. Oksuzian, A. Olshevskiy, T. Olson, J. Paley, P. Pandey, R. B. Patterson, G. Pawloski, D. Pershey, O. Petrova, R. Petti, S. Phan-Budd, R. K. Plunkett, R. Poling, B. Potukuchi, C. Principato, F. Psihas, A. Radovic, R. A. Rameika, B. Rebel, B. Reed, D. Rocco, P. Rojas, V. Ryabov, K. Sachdev, P. Sail, O. Samoylov, M. C. Sanchez, R. Schroeter, J. Sepulveda-Quiroz, P. Shanahan, A. Sheshukov, J. Singh, J. Singh, P. Singh, V. Singh, J. Smolik, N. Solomey, E. Song, A. Sousa, K. Soustruznik, M. Strait, L. Suter, R. L. Talaga, M. C. Tamsett, P. Tas, R. B. Thayyullathil, J. Thomas, X. Tian, S. C. Tognini, J. Tripathi, A. Tsaris, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, J. Vasel, L. Vinton, A. Vold, T. Vrba, B. Wang, M. Wetstein, D. Whittington, S. G. Wojcicki, J. Wolcott, N. Yadav, S. Yang, J. Zalesak, B. Zamorano, R. Zwaska

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

This Letter reports new results on muon neutrino disappearance from NOvA, using a 14 kton detector equivalent exposure of $6.05\times10^{20}$ protons-on-target from the NuMI beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The measurement probes the muon-tau symmetry hypothesis that requires maximal mixing ($\theta_{23} = \pi/4$). Read More

Exploring and editing colors in images is a common task in graphic design and photography. However, allowing for interactive recoloring while preserving smooth color blends in the image remains a challenging problem. We present LayerBuilder, an algorithm that decomposes an image or video into a linear combination of colored layers to facilitate color-editing applications. Read More

A number of recent works have used a variety of combinatorial constructions to derive Tanner graphs for LDPC codes and some of these have been shown to perform well in terms of their probability of error curves and error floors. Such graphs are bipartite and many of these constructions yield biregular graphs where the degree of left vertices is a constant $c+1$ and that of the right vertices is a constant $d+1$. Such graphs are termed $(c+1,d+1)$ biregular bipartite graphs here. Read More

**Authors:**Masamune Oguri, Yen-Ting Lin, Sheng-Chieh Lin, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Anupreeta More, Surhud More, Bau-Ching Hsieh, Elinor Medezinski, Hironao Miyatake, Hung-Yu Jian, Lihwai Lin, Masahiro Takada, Nobuhiro Okabe, Joshua S. Speagle, Jean Coupon, Alexie Leauthaud, Robert H. Lupton, Satoshi Miyazaki, Paul A. Price, Masayuki Tanaka, I-Non Chiu, Yutaka Komiyama, Yuki Okura, Manobu M. Tanaka, Tomonori Usuda

**Category:**Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

We present an optically-selected cluster catalog from the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) Subaru Strategic Program. The HSC images are sufficiently deep to detect cluster member galaxies down to $M_*\sim 10^{10.2}M_\odot$ even at $z\sim 1$, allowing a reliable cluster detection at such high redshifts. Read More

We propose a holographic description of cosmic preheating at strong coupling. In this scenario the energy transfer between the inflaton and matter field is mimicked by a model of holographic superconductor. An exponential amplification of the matter field during preheating can be described by the quasi-normal modes of a metastable "black hole" in the bulk spacetime with an expanding boundary. Read More

In this paper, we consider a multi-user wireless system with one full duplex (FD) base station (BS) serving a set of half duplex (HD) mobile users.To cope with the in-band self-interference (SI) and co-channel interference, we formulate a quality-of-service (QoS) based linear transceiver design problem. The problem jointly optimizes the downlink (DL) and uplink (UL) beamforming vectors of the BS and the transmission powers of UL users so as to provide both the DL and UL users with guaranteed signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio performance, using a minimum UL and DL transmission sum power. Read More

In superconductors with strong coupling between superconductivity and elasticity manifested in a strong dependence of transition temperature on pressure, there is an additional contribution to inter-vortex interactions due to the strain field generated by vortices. When vortex lines are along the $c$ axis of a tetragonal crystal, a square vortex lattice (VL) is favored at low vortex densities, because the vortex-induced strains contribution to the inter-vortex interactions is long range. At intermediate magnetic fields, the triangular lattice is stabilized. Read More

In the holographic description of cosmic preheating proposed in an accompanied Letter [1], the energy transfer between the inflaton and matter field at strong coupling is suggested to be mimicked by superfluid and normal components of a superconductor on Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) boundary in an asymptotically Anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime. In this paper we investigated two aspects of the scenario of holographic preheating that are not included in the accompanied work. Firstly, we study in detail the evolution of the quasi-normal modes (QNMs) surrounding a metastable hairy black hole. Read More

Recently the AMS-02 collaboration has published the measurement of the cosmic antiproton to proton ratio $\bar{p}/p$ and the $\bar{p}$ flux with a high precision up to $\sim 450\,\mathrm{GeV}$. In this work, we perform a systematic analysis of the secondary antiproton flux generated by the cosmic ray interaction with the interstellar gas. The uncertainty of the prediction originates from the cosmic ray propagation process and the hadronic interaction models. Read More

We construct examples of complete Riemannian manifolds having the property that every geodesic lies in a totally geodesic hyperbolic plane. Despite the abundance of totally geodesic hyperbolic planes, these examples are not locally homogenous. Read More

We report the performance and characterization of a custom-built hybrid detector consisting of BC501A liquid scintillator for fast neutrons and BC702 scintillator for thermal neutrons. The calibration and the resolution of the BC501A liquid scintillator detector are performed. The event identification via Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) technique is developed in order to distinguish gamma, fast and thermal neutrons. Read More

The AMS-02 has measured the cosmic ray electron (plus positron) spectrum up to ~TeV with an unprecedent precision. The spectrum can be well described by a power law without any obvious features above 10 GeV. The satellite instrument Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), which was launched a year ago, will measure the electron spectrum up to 10 TeV with a high energy resolution. Read More

Growing evidence reveals universal hardening on various cosmic ray spectra, e.g. proton, positron, as well as antiproton fraction. Read More

We establish a connection between an arbitrary Hermitian tight-binding model with chiral (C) symmetry and its non-Hermitian counterpart with chiral-time (CT ) symmetry. We show that such a kind of non-Hermitian Hamiltonian is pseudo-Hermitian. The eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian can be easily obtained from those of its parent Hermitian Hamiltonian. Read More

With the proliferation of sensors, such as accelerometers, in mobile devices, activity and motion tracking has become a viable technology to understand and create an engaging user experience. This paper proposes a fast adaptation and learning scheme of activity tracking policies when user statistics are unknown a priori, varying with time, and inconsistent for different users. In our stochastic optimization, user activities are required to be synchronized with a backend under a cellular data limit to avoid overcharges from cellular operators. Read More

**Authors:**L. T. Yang, H. B. Li, M. Agartioglu, J. H. Chen, L. P. Jia, H. Jiang, J. Li, F. K. Lin, S. T. Lin, S. K. Liu, J. L. Ma, B. Sevda, V. Sharma, L. Singh, M. K. Singh, M. K. Singh, A. K. Soma, S. W. Yang, L. Wang, Q. Wang, H. T. Wong, Q. Yue, W. Zhao

The p-type point-contact germanium detectors have been adopted for light dark matter WIMP searches and the studies of low energy neutrino physics. These detectors exhibit anomalous behavior to events located at the surface layer. The previous spectral shape method to identify these surface events from the bulk signals relies on spectral shape assumptions and the use of external calibration sources. Read More

Scalable and automatic formal verification for concurrent systems is always demanding, but yet to be developed. In this paper, we propose a verification framework to support automated compositional reasoning for concurrent programs with shared variables. Our framework models concurrent programs as succinct automata and supports the verification of multiple important properties. Read More

The objective function of a matrix factorization model usually aims to minimize the average of a regression error contributed by each element. However, given the existence of stochastic noises, the implicit deviations of sample data from their true values are almost surely diverse, which makes each data point not equally suitable for fitting a model. In this case, simply averaging the cost among data in the objective function is not ideal. Read More

**Authors:**S. K. Liu, Q. Yue, K. J. Kang, J. P. Cheng, H. T. Wong, Y. J. Li, H. B. Li, S. T. Lin, J. P. Chang, J. H. Chen, N. Chen, Q. H. Chen, Y. H. Chen, Z. Deng, Q. Du, H. Gong, H. J. He, Q. J. He, H. X. Huang, H. Jiang, J. M. Li, J. Li, J. Li, X. Li, X. Q. Li, X. Y. Li, Y. L. Li, F. K. Lin, L. C. LÃ¼, H. Ma, J. L. Ma, S. J. Mao, J. Q. Qin, J. Ren, J. Ren, X. C. Ruan, V. Sharma, M. B. Shen, L. Singh, M. K. Singh, A. K. Soma, J. Su, C. J. Tang, J. M. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Wang, S. Y. Wu, Y. C. Wu, Y. C. Wu, Z. Z. Xianyu, R. Q. Xiao, H. Y. Xing, F. Z. Xu, Y. Xu, X. J. Xu, T. Xue, C. W. Yang, L. T. Yang, S. W. Yang, N. Yi, C. X. Yu, H. Yu, X. Z. Yu, X. H. Zeng, Z. Zeng, L. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, M. G. Zhao, W. Zhao, Z. Y. Zhou, J. J. Zhu, W. B. Zhu, X. Z. Zhu, Z. H. Zhu

We report the results of searches for solar axions and galactic dark matter axions or axion-like particles with CDEX-1 experiment at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory, using 335.6 kg-days of data from a p-type point-contact germanium detector. The data are compatible with the background model and no excess signals are observed. Read More

We derived an analytic structure of the quark mass correction to chiral separation effect (CSE) in small mass regime. We confirmed this structure by a D3/D7 holographic model study in a finite density, finite magnetic field background. The quark mass correction to CSE can be related to correlators of pseudo-scalar condensate, quark number density and quark condensate in static limit. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation by the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is described in detail. Six 2.9-GW$_{\rm th}$ nuclear power reactors of the Daya Bay and Ling Ao nuclear power facilities served as intense sources of $\overline{\nu}_{e}$'s. Read More

A space $X$ is called a $k_{R}$-space, if $X$ is Tychonoff and the necessary and sufficient condition for a real-valued function $f$ on $X$ to be continuous is that the restriction of $f$ on each compact subset is continuous. In this paper, we shall discuss the $k_{R}$-property on the sequential fans, and show the following two results: (1) the space $S_{\omega_{1}}\times S_{\omega_{1}}$ is not a $k_{R}$-space; (2) assume BF($\omega_{2}$) holds, then the product $S_{\omega}\times S_{\omega_{1}}$ is a $k_{R}$-space if and only if $S_{\omega}\times S_{\omega_{1}}$ is a $k$-space. These results generalize some well-known results on sequential fans. Read More

A space $X$ is called a $k_{R}$-space, if $X$ is Tychonoff and the necessary and sufficient condition for a real-valued function $f$ on $X$ to be continuous is that the restriction of $f$ on each compact subset is continuous. In this paper, we mainly discuss the $k_{R}$-property on the free topological groups, and generalize some well-known results of K. Yamada's in the free topological groups. Read More

There has been an increasing interest in using interval-based Bayesian designs for dose finding, one of which is the modified toxicity probability interval (mTPI) method. We show that the decision rules in mTPI correspond to an optimal rule under a formal Bayesian decision theoretic framework. However, the probability models in mTPI are overly sharpened by the Ockham's razor, which, while in general helps with parsimonious statistical inference, leads to suboptimal decisions in small-sample inference such as dose finding. Read More

The alkali-adsorbed graphene nanoribbons exhibit the feature-rich electronic and magnetic properties. From the first-principles calculations, there are only few adatom-dominated conduction bands, and the other conduction and valence bands are caused by carbon atoms. A lot of free electrons are revealed in the occupied alkali- and carbon-dependent conduction bands. Read More

One to Many communications are expected to be among the killer applications for the currently discussed 5G standard. The usage of coding mechanisms is impacting broadcasting standard quality, as coding is involved at several levels of the stack, and more specifically at the application layer where Rateless, LDPC, Reed Solomon codes and network coding schemes have been extensively studied, optimized and standardized in the past. Beyond reusing, extending or adapting existing application layer packet coding mechanisms based on previous schemes and designed for the foregoing LTE or other broadcasting standards; our purpose is to investigate the use of Generalized Reed Muller codes and the value of their locality property in their progressive decoding for Broadcast/Multicast communication schemes with real time video delivery. Read More

We prove two rigidity results for complete Riemannian three-manifolds of higher rank. Complete three-manifolds have higher spherical rank if an only if they are spherical space forms. Complete finite volume three-manifolds have higher hyperbolic rank if and only if they are hyperbolic space forms. Read More