S. J. Lee - Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, 136-705

S. J. Lee
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S. J. Lee
Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, 136-705

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Physics - Optics (8)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (7)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (5)
Computer Science - Learning (5)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Nuclear Experiment (3)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (3)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3)
Physics - Materials Science (3)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Mathematics - Complex Variables (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Computer Science - Computers and Society (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Mathematics - History and Overview (1)
Statistics - Computation (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By S. J. Lee

Understanding why a model made a certain prediction is crucial in many applications. However, with large modern datasets the best accuracy is often achieved by complex models even experts struggle to interpret, such as ensemble or deep learning models. This creates a tension between accuracy and interpretability. Read More

Frequency combs have applications that now extend from the ultra-violet into the mid infrared bands. Microcombs, a miniature and often semiconductor-chip-based device, can potentially access most of these applications, but are currently more limited in spectral reach. Here, we demonstrate mode-locked silica microcombs with emission near the edge of the visible spectrum. Read More

We present the results of very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations of gamma-ray bright blazar S5 0716+714 using the Korean VLBI Network (KVN) at the 22, 43, 86, and 129 GHz bands, as part of the Interferometric Monitoring of Gamma-ray Bright AGNs (iMOGABA) KVN key science program. Observations were conducted in 29 sessions from January 16, 2013 to March 1, 2016, with the source being detected and imaged at all available frequencies. In all epochs, the source was compact on the milliarcsecond (mas) scale, yielding a compact VLBI core dominating the synchrotron emission on these scales. Read More

We report on zero-field muon spin rotation, electron spin resonance and polarized Raman scattering measurements of the coupled quantum spin ladder Ba2CuTeO6. Zero-field muon spin rotation and electron spin resonance probes disclose a successive crossover from a paramagnetic through a spin-liquid-like into a magnetically ordered state with decreasing temperature. More significantly, the two-magnon Raman response obeys a T-linear scaling relation in its peak energy, linewidth and intensity. Read More

We investigate the use of twin-mode quantum states of light with symmetric statistical features in their photon number for improving intensity-sensitive surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors. For this purpose, one of the modes is sent into a prism setup where the Kretschmann configuration is employed as a sensing platform and the analyte to be measured influences the SPR excitation conditions. This influence modifies the output state of light that is subsequently analyzed by an intensity-difference measurement scheme. Read More

Growth of perovskite oxide thin films on Si in crystalline form has long been a critical obstacle for the integration of multifunctional oxides into Si-based technologies. In this study, we propose pulsed laser deposition of a crystalline SrTiO3 thin film on a Si using graphene substrate. The SrTiO3 thin film on graphene has a highly (00l)-oriented crystalline structure which results from the partial epitaxy. Read More

This White Paper details the intentions and plans of the East Asian Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) community for pushing the frontiers of millimeter/submillimeter VLBI. To this end, we shall endeavor to actively promote coordinated efforts in the East Asia region. Our goal is to establish firm collaborations among the East Asia VLBI community in partnership with related institutes in North America and Europe and to expand existing global mm/submm VLBI arrays for (a) exploring the vicinity of black holes with an ultimate angular resolution down to 1~R$_{S}$ (Schwarzschild radius) and (b) investigating the dynamics of circumstellar gas in star-forming regions and late-type stars, and circumnuclear gas around active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Read More

Transition metal oxides have been extensively studied and utilized as efficient catalysts. However, the strongly correlated behavior which often results in intriguing emergent phenomena in these materials has been mostly overlooked in understanding the electrochemical activities. Here, we demonstrate a close correlation between the phase transitions and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in a strongly correlated SrRuO3. Read More

Dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) studies frequently observe a fine structure in the local spectral function of the SU(2) Fermi-Hubbard model at half filling: in the metallic phase close to the Mott transition, subpeaks emerge at the inner edges of the Hubbard bands. Here we demonstrate that these subpeaks originate from the low-energy effective interaction of doublon-holon pairs, by investigating how the correlation functions of doublon and holon operators contribute to the subpeaks. DMFT calculations using the numerical renormalization group (NRG) as an impurity solver and a mean-field analysis of the low-energy effective Hamiltonian provide consistent results. Read More

Arbitrary manipulation of the temporal and spectral properties of X-ray pulses at free-electron lasers (FELs) would revolutionize many experimental applications. At the Linac Coherent Light Source at Stanford National Accelerator Laboratory, the momentum phase-space of the FEL driving electron bunch can be tuned to emit a pair of X-ray pulses with independently variable photon energy and femtosecond delay. However, while accelerator parameters can easily be adjusted to tune the electron bunch phase-space, the final impact of these actuators on the X-ray pulse cannot be predicted with sufficient precision. Read More

We demonstrate that the metamaterial perfect absorber behaves as a meta-cavity bounded between a resonant metasurface and a metallic thin-film reflector. The perfect absorption is achieved by the Fabry-Perot cavity resonance via multiple reflections between the "quasi-open" boundary of resonator and the "closed" boundary of reflector. The characteristic features including angle independence, ultra-thin thickness and strong field localization can be well explained by this model. Read More

We study the two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in thin films of tantalum nitride. At zero magnetic field, films can be disorder-tuned across the SIT by adjusting thickness and film stoichiometry; insulating films exhibit classical hopping transport. Superconducting films exhibit a magnetic field-tuned SIT, whose insulating ground state at high field appears to be a quantum-corrected metal. Read More

Recently, platform ecosystem has received attention as a key business concept. Sustainable growth of platform ecosystems is enabled by platform users supplying and/or demanding content from each other: e.g. Read More

We investigate the environmental quenching of galaxies, especially those with stellar masses (M*)$<10^{9.5} M_\odot$, beyond the local universe. Essentially all local low-mass quenched galaxies (QGs) are believed to live close to massive central galaxies, which is a demonstration of environmental quenching. Read More

In this paper, we make a simple but important observation -- questions about images often contain premises -- objects and relationships implied by the question -- and that reasoning about premises can help Visual Question Answering (VQA) models respond more intelligently to irrelevant or previously unseen questions. When presented with a question that is irrelevant to an image, state-of-the-art VQA models will still answer based purely on learned language biases, resulting in nonsensical or even misleading answers. We note that a visual question is irrelevant to an image if at least one of its premises is false (ie not depicted in the image). Read More

This article deals with the authors' experiences with flipping a basic undergraduate mathematics course in Introductory Linear Algebra, including the platform for flipping a classroom and students' feedbacks. Contrary to a traditional class where students typically come to the classroom unprepared, in a flipped classroom, students are asked to read content and watch related lectures online before they attend each class session. There are many ways to implement a flipped class effectively. Read More

Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

In this paper, we propose an efficient vehicle trajectory prediction framework based on recurrent neural network. Basically, the characteristic of the vehicle's trajectory is different from that of regular moving objects since it is affected by various latent factors including road structure, traffic rules, and driver's intention. Previous state of the art approaches use sophisticated vehicle behavior model describing these factors and derive the complex trajectory prediction algorithm, which requires a system designer to conduct intensive model optimization for practical use. Read More

Affiliations: 1Kyoto Univ, 2Kyoto Univ, 3Kyoto Univ, 4Osaka Univ, 5Osaka Univ, 6TDK Co, 7Kyoto Univ

The temperature evolution of spin relaxation time, {\tau}sf, in degenerate silicon (Si)-based lateral spin valves is investigated by means of the Hanle effect measurements. {\tau}sf at 300 K is estimated to be 1.68+-0. Read More

Authors: The CTA Consortium, :, F. Acero, R. Aloisio, J. Amans, E. Amato, L. A. Antonelli, C. Aramo, T. Armstrong, F. Arqueros, K. Asano, M. Ashley, M. Backes, C. Balazs, A. Balzer, A. Bamba, M. Barkov, J. A. Barrio, W. Benbow, K. Bernlöhr, V. Beshley, C. Bigongiari, A. Biland, A. Bilinsky, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, O. Blanch, P. Blasi, J. Blazek, C. Boisson, G. Bonanno, A. Bonardi, C. Bonavolontà, G. Bonnoli, C. Braiding, S. Brau-Nogué, J. Bregeon, A. M. Brown, V. Bugaev, A. Bulgarelli, T. Bulik, M. Burton, A. Burtovoi, G. Busetto, M. Böttcher, R. Cameron, M. Capalbi, A. Caproni, P. Caraveo, R. Carosi, E. Cascone, M. Cerruti, S. Chaty, A. Chen, X. Chen, M. Chernyakova, M. Chikawa, J. Chudoba, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, V. Conforti, J. L. Contreras, A. Costa, G. Cotter, S. Covino, G. Covone, P. Cumani, G. Cusumano, F. D'Ammando, D. D'Urso, M. Daniel, F. Dazzi, A. De Angelis, G. De Cesare, A. De Franco, F. De Frondat, E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino, C. De Lisio, R. de los Reyes Lopez, B. De Lotto, M. de Naurois, F. De Palma, M. Del Santo, C. Delgado, D. della Volpe, T. Di Girolamo, C. Di Giulio, F. Di Pierro, L. Di Venere, M. Doro, J. Dournaux, D. Dumas, V. Dwarkadas, C. Díaz, J. Ebr, K. Egberts, S. Einecke, D. Elsässer, S. Eschbach, D. Falceta-Goncalves, G. Fasola, E. Fedorova, A. Fernández-Barral, G. Ferrand, M. Fesquet, E. Fiandrini, A. Fiasson, M. D. Filipovíc, V. Fioretti, L. Font, G. Fontaine, F. J. Franco, L. Freixas Coromina, Y. Fujita, Y. Fukui, S. Funk, A. Förster, A. Gadola, R. Garcia López, M. Garczarczyk, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, A. Giuliani, J. Glicenstein, R. Gnatyk, P. Goldoni, T. Grabarczyk, R. Graciani, J. Graham, P. Grandi, J. Granot, A. J. Green, S. Griffiths, S. Gunji, H. Hakobyan, S. Hara, T. Hassan, M. Hayashida, M. Heller, J. C. Helo, J. Hinton, B. Hnatyk, J. Huet, M. Huetten, T. B. Humensky, M. Hussein, J. Hörandel, Y. Ikeno, T. Inada, Y. Inome, S. Inoue, T. Inoue, Y. Inoue, K. Ioka, M. Iori, J. Jacquemier, P. Janecek, D. Jankowsky, I. Jung, P. Kaaret, H. Katagiri, S. Kimeswenger, S. Kimura, J. Knödlseder, B. Koch, J. Kocot, K. Kohri, N. Komin, Y. Konno, K. Kosack, S. Koyama, M. Kraus, H. Kubo, G. Kukec Mezek, J. Kushida, N. La Palombara, K. Lalik, G. Lamanna, H. Landt, J. Lapington, P. Laporte, S. Lee, J. Lees, J. Lefaucheur, J. -P. Lenain, G. Leto, E. Lindfors, T. Lohse, S. Lombardi, F. Longo, M. Lopez, F. Lucarelli, P. L. Luque-Escamilla, R. López-Coto, M. C. Maccarone, G. Maier, G. Malaguti, D. Mandat, G. Maneva, S. Mangano, A. Marcowith, J. Martí, M. Martínez, G. Martínez, S. Masuda, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, C. Melioli, T. Mineo, N. Mirabal, T. Mizuno, R. Moderski, M. Mohammed, T. Montaruli, A. Moralejo, K. Mori, G. Morlino, A. Morselli, E. Moulin, R. Mukherjee, C. Mundell, H. Muraishi, K. Murase, S. Nagataki, T. Nagayoshi, T. Naito, D. Nakajima, T. Nakamori, R. Nemmen, J. Niemiec, D. Nieto, M. Nievas-Rosillo, M. Nikołajuk, K. Nishijima, K. Noda, L. Nogues, D. Nosek, B. Novosyadlyj, S. Nozaki, Y. Ohira, M. Ohishi, S. Ohm, A. Okumura, R. A. Ong, R. Orito, A. Orlati, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Padovani, J. Palacio, M. Palatka, J. M. Paredes, S. Pavy, A. Pe'er, M. Persic, P. Petrucci, O. Petruk, A. Pisarski, M. Pohl, A. Porcelli, E. Prandini, J. Prast, G. Principe, M. Prouza, E. Pueschel, G. Pühlhofer, A. Quirrenbach, M. Rameez, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, M. Ribó, J. Rico, V. Rizi, J. Rodriguez, G. Rodriguez Fernandez, J. J. Rodríguez Vázquez, P. Romano, G. Romeo, J. Rosado, J. Rousselle, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, I. Sadeh, S. Safi-Harb, T. Saito, N. Sakaki, D. Sanchez, P. Sangiorgi, H. Sano, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, M. Sawada, E. J. Schioppa, H. Schoorlemmer, P. Schovanek, F. Schussler, O. Sergijenko, M. Servillat, A. Shalchi, R. C. Shellard, H. Siejkowski, A. Sillanpää, D. Simone, V. Sliusar, H. Sol, S. Stanič, R. Starling, Ł. Stawarz, S. Stefanik, M. Stephan, T. Stolarczyk, M. Szanecki, T. Szepieniec, G. Tagliaferri, H. Tajima, M. Takahashi, J. Takeda, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, L. A. Tejedor, I. Telezhinsky, P. Temnikov, Y. Terada, D. Tescaro, M. Teshima, V. Testa, S. Thoudam, F. Tokanai, D. F. Torres, E. Torresi, G. Tosti, C. Townsley, P. Travnicek, C. Trichard, M. Trifoglio, S. Tsujimoto, V. Vagelli, P. Vallania, L. Valore, W. van Driel, C. van Eldik, J. Vandenbroucke, V. Vassiliev, M. Vecchi, S. Vercellone, S. Vergani, C. Vigorito, S. Vorobiov, M. Vrastil, M. L. Vázquez Acosta, S. J. Wagner, R. Wagner, S. P. Wakely, R. Walter, J. E. Ward, J. J. Watson, A. Weinstein, M. White, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Wilcox, D. A. Williams, R. Wischnewski, P. Wojcik, T. Yamamoto, H. Yamamoto, R. Yamazaki, S. Yanagita, L. Yang, T. Yoshida, M. Yoshida, S. Yoshiike, T. Yoshikoshi, M. Zacharias, L. Zampieri, R. Zanin, M. Zavrtanik, D. Zavrtanik, A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. Zechlin, V. Zhdanov, A. Ziegler, J. Zorn

We perform simulations for future Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) observations of RX~J1713.7$-$3946, a young supernova remnant (SNR) and one of the brightest sources ever discovered in very-high-energy (VHE) gamma rays. Special attention is paid to explore possible spatial (anti-)correlations of gamma rays with emission at other wavelengths, in particular X-rays and CO/H{\sc i} emission. Read More

The Higgs potential consists of an unexplored territory in which the electroweak symmetry breaking is triggered, and it is moreover directly related to the nature of the electroweak phase transition. Measuring the Higgs boson cubic and quartic couplings, or getting equivalently information on the exact shape of the Higgs potential, is therefore an essential task. However, direct measurements beyond the cubic self-interaction of the Higgs boson consist of a huge challenge, even for a future proton-proton collider expected to operate at a center-of-mass energy of 100 TeV. Read More

We study two $2$-dimensional Teichm\"uller spaces of surfaces with boundary and marked points, namely, the pentagon and the punctured triangle. We show that their geometry is quite different from Teichm\"uller spaces of closed surfaces. Indeed, both spaces are exhausted by regular convex geodesic polygons with a fixed number of sides, and their geodesics diverge at most linearly. Read More

We investigate tracer transport on random discrete fracture networks that are characterized by the statistics of the fracture geometry and hydraulic conductivity. While it is well known that tracer transport through fractured media can be anomalous and particle injection modes can have major impact on dispersion, the incorporation of injection modes into effective transport modelling has remained an open issue. The fundamental reason behind this challenge is that---even if the Eulerian fluid velocity is steady---the Lagrangian velocity distribution experienced by tracer particles evolves with time from its initial distribution, which is dictated by the injection mode, to a stationary velocity distribution. Read More

We systematically analyzed magnetodielectric resonances of Se colloids for the first time to exploit the possibility for use as building blocks of all-dielectric optical metafluids. By taking synergistic advantages of Se colloids, including (i) high-refractive-index at optical frequencies, (ii) unprecedented structural uniformity, and (iii) versatile access to copious quantities, the Kerker-type directional light scattering resulting from efficient coupling between strong electric and magnetic resonances were observed directly from Se colloidal suspension. Thus, the use of Se colloid as a generic magnetodielectric building block highlights an opportunity for the fluidic low-loss optical antenna, which can be processed via spin-coating and painting. Read More

Building a dialogue agent to fulfill complex tasks, such as travel planning, is challenging because the agent has to learn to collectively complete multiple subtasks. For example, the agent needs to reserve a hotel and book a flight so that there leaves enough time for commute between arrival and hotel check-in. This paper addresses this challenge by formulating the task in the mathematical framework of options over Markov Decision Processes (MDPs), and proposing a hierarchical deep reinforcement learning approach to learning a dialogue manager that operates at different temporal scales. Read More

Primary cosmic-ray elemental spectra have been measured with the balloon-borne Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass (CREAM) experiment since 2004. The third CREAM payload (CREAM-III) flew for 29 days during the 2007-2008 Antarctic season. Energies of incident particles above 1 TeV are measured with a calorimeter. Read More

Authors: C. Aidala, Y. Akiba, M. Alfred, V. Andrieux, K. Aoki, N. Apadula, H. Asano, C. Ayuso, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, A. Bagoly, N. S. Bandara, K. N. Barish, S. Bathe, A. Bazilevsky, M. Beaumier, R. Belmont, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, D. S. Blau, M. Boer, J. S. Bok, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, V. Bumazhnov, C. Butler, S. Campbell, V. Canoa Roman, R. Cervantes, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. B. Choi, Z. Citron, M. Connors, N. Cronin, M. Csanád, T. Csörgő, T. W. Danley, M. S. Daugherity, G. David, K. DeBlasio, K. Dehmelt, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, A. Dion, D. Dixit, J. H. Do, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, M. Dumancic, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, T. Elder, A. Enokizono, H. En'yo, S. Esumi, B. Fadem, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, \, Jr., S. L. Fokin, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukuda, C. Gal, P. Gallus, P. Garg, H. Ge, F. Giordano, Y. Goto, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, T. Gunji, H. Guragain, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, H. F. Hamilton, S. Y. Han, J. Hanks, S. Hasegawa, T. O. S. Haseler, X. He, T. K. Hemmick, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. S. Hollis, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, S. Huang, K. Imai, J. Imrek, M. Inaba, A. Iordanova, D. Isenhower, Y. Ito, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, M. Jezghani, Z. Ji, X. Jiang, B. M. Johnson, V. Jorjadze, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, J. H. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, S. Karthas, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, V. Khachatryan, A. Khanzadeev, C. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. -J. Kim, M. Kim, M. H. Kim, D. Kincses, E. Kistenev, J. Klatsky, P. Kline, T. Koblesky, D. Kotov, S. Kudo, K. Kurita, Y. Kwon, J. G. Lajoie, E. O. Lallow, A. Lebedev, S. Lee, M. J. Leitch, Y. H. Leung, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, S. H. Lim, L. D. Liu, M. X. Liu, V-R Loggins, V. -R. Loggins, S. Lokos, K. Lovasz, D. Lynch, T. Majoros, Y. I. Makdisi, M. Makek, M. Malaev, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, H. Masuda, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, C. McKinney, M. Mendoza, W. J. Metzger, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. Mihalik, A. Milov, D. K. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, G. Mitsuka, S. Miyasaka, S. Mizuno, P. Montuenga, T. Moon, D. P. Morrison, S. I. M. Morrow, T. Murakami, J. Murata, K. Nagai, K. Nagashima, T. Nagashima, J. L. Nagle, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, H. Nakagomi, K. Nakano, C. Nattrass, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, R. Novotny, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, G. J. Ottino, K. Ozawa, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, J. S. Park, S. Park, S. F. Pate, M. Patel, W. Peng, D. V. Perepelitsa, G. D. N. Perera, D. Yu. Peressounko, C. E. PerezLara, J. Perry, R. Petti, M. Phipps, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, A. Pun, M. L. Purschke, P. V. Radzevich, K. F. Read, D. Reynolds, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, D. Richford, T. Rinn, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, Z. Rowan, J. Runchey, A. S. Safonov, T. Sakaguchi, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, K. Sato, S. Sato, B. Schaefer, B. K. Schmoll, K. Sedgwick, R. Seidl, A. Sen, R. Seto, A. Sexton, D. Sharma, I. Shein, T. -A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, T. Shioya, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. J. Skoby, M. Slunečka, K. L. Smith, M. Snowball, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, P. W. Stankus, S. P. Stoll, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, T. Sumita, J. Sun, S. Syed, J. Sziklai, A Takeda, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, G. Tarnai, R. Tieulent, A. Timilsina, T. Todoroki, M. Tomášek, C. L. Towell, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, H. W. van Hecke, S. Vazquez-Carson, J. Velkovska, M. Virius, V. Vrba, N. Vukman, X. R. Wang, Z. Wang, Y. Watanabe, Y. S. Watanabe, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, C. Xu, Q. Xu, L. Xue, S. Yalcin, Y. L. Yamaguchi, H. Yamamoto, A. Yanovich, P. Yin, J. H. Yoo, I. Yoon, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, A. Zelenski, S. Zharko, L. Zou

During 2015 the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) provided collisions of transversely polarized protons with Au and Al nuclei for the first time, enabling the exploration of transverse-single-spin asymmetries with heavy nuclei. Large single-spin asymmetries in very forward neutron production have been previously observed in transversely polarized $p$$+$$p$ collisions at RHIC, and the existing theoretical framework that was successful in describing the single-spin asymmetry in $p$$+$$p$ collisions predicts only a moderate atomic-mass-number ($A$) dependence. In contrast, the asymmetries observed at RHIC in $p$$+$$A$ collisions showed a surprisingly strong $A$ dependence in inclusive forward neutron production. Read More

An optical imaging system forms an object image by recollecting light scattered by the object. However, intact optical information of the object delivered through the imaging system is deteriorated by imperfect optical elements and unwanted defects. Image deconvolution, also known as inverse filtering, has been widely exploited as a recovery technique because of its practical feasibility, and operates by assuming the linear shift-invariant property of the imaging system. Read More

In this paper, we describe measurements of the response functions of a fiber-based dual- readout calorimeter for pions, protons and multiparticle "jets" with energies in the range from 10 to 180 GeV. The calorimeter uses lead as absorber material and has a total mass of 1350 kg. It is complemented by leakage counters made of scintillating plastic, with a total mass of 500 kg. Read More

Authors: C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, R. Akimoto, J. Alexander, M. Alfred, K. Aoki, N. Apadula, H. Asano, E. T. Atomssa, T. C. Awes, C. Ayuso, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, A. Bagoly, M. Bai, X. Bai, B. Bannier, K. N. Barish, S. Bathe, V. Baublis, C. Baumann, S. Baumgart, A. Bazilevsky, M. Beaumier, R. Belmont, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, D. Black, D. S. Blau, M. Boer, J. S. Bok, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, C. Butler, S. Butsyk, S. Campbell, V. Canoa Roman, C. -H. Chen, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. B. Choi, S. Choi, P. Christiansen, T. Chujo, V. Cianciolo, B. A. Cole, M. Connors, N. Cronin, N. Crossette, M. Csanád, T. Csörgő, T. W. Danley, A. Datta, M. S. Daugherity, G. David, K. DeBlasio, K. Dehmelt, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, L. Ding, J. H. Do, L. D'Orazio, O. Drapier, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, M. Dumancic, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, T. Elder, T. Engelmore, A. Enokizono, S. Esumi, K. O. Eyser, B. Fadem, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, \, Jr., F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukao, Y. Fukuda, T. Fusayasu, K. Gainey, C. Gal, P. Garg, A. Garishvili, I. Garishvili, H. Ge, F. Giordano, A. Glenn, X. Gong, M. Gonin, Y. Goto, R. Granier de Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, Y. Gu, T. Gunji, H. Guragain, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, S. Y. Han, J. Hanks, S. Hasegawa, T. O. S. Haseler, K. Hashimoto, R. Hayano, X. He, T. K. Hemmick, T. Hester, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. S. Hollis, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, S. Huang, T. Ichihara, Y. Ikeda, K. Imai, Y. Imazu, J. Imrek, M. Inaba, A. Iordanova, D. Isenhower, A. Isinhue, Y. Ito, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, S. J. Jeon, M. Jezghani, Z. Ji, J. Jia, X. Jiang, B. M. Johnson, K. S. Joo, V. Jorjadze, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, J. Kamin, S. Kanda, B. H. Kang, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, J. Kapustinsky, S. Karthas, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, J. A. Key, V. Khachatryan, P. K. Khandai, A. Khanzadeev, K. M. Kijima, C. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. -J. Kim, M. Kim, Y. -J. Kim, Y. K. Kim, D. Kincses, E. Kistenev, J. Klatsky, D. Kleinjan, P. Kline, T. Koblesky, M. Kofarago, B. Komkov, J. Koster, D. Kotchetkov, D. Kotov, F. Krizek, S. Kudo, K. Kurita, M. Kurosawa, Y. Kwon, R. Lacey, Y. S. Lai, J. G. Lajoie, E. O. Lallow, A. Lebedev, D. M. Lee, G. H. Lee, J. Lee, K. B. Lee, K. S. Lee, S. H. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. Leitgab, Y. H. Leung, B. Lewis, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, X. Li, S. H. Lim, L. D. Liu, M. X. Liu, V. -R. Loggins, S. Lokos, D. Lynch, C. F. Maguire, T. Majoros, Y. I. Makdisi, M. Makek, M. Malaev, A. Manion, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, H. Masuda, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, C. McKinney, A. Meles, M. Mendoza, B. Meredith, W. J. Metzger, Y. Miake, T. Mibe, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. Mihalik, A. Milov, D. K. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, G. Mitsuka, S. Miyasaka, S. Mizuno, A. K. Mohanty, S. Mohapatra, T. Moon, D. P. Morrison, S. I. M. Morrow, M. Moskowitz, T. V. Moukhanova, T. Murakami, J. Murata, A. Mwai, T. Nagae, K. Nagai, S. Nagamiya, K. Nagashima, T. Nagashima, J. L. Nagle, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, H. Nakagomi, Y. Nakamiya, K. R. Nakamura, T. Nakamura, K. Nakano, C. Nattrass, P. K. Netrakanti, M. Nihashi, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, R. Novotny, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Oide, K. Okada, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, I. H. Park, J. S. Park, S. Park, S. K. Park, S. F. Pate, L. Patel, M. Patel, J. -C. Peng, W. Peng, D. V. Perepelitsa, G. D. N. Perera, D. Yu. Peressounko, C. E. PerezLara, J. Perry, R. Petti, M. Phipps, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, A. Pun, M. L. Purschke, H. Qu, P. V. Radzevich, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, D. Reynolds, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, E. Richardson, D. Richford, T. Rinn, N. Riveli, D. Roach, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, Z. Rowan, J. Runchey, M. S. Ryu, B. Sahlmueller, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, K. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, B. Schaefer, B. K. Schmoll, K. Sedgwick, J. Seele, R. Seidl, Y. Sekiguchi, A. Sen, R. Seto, P. Sett, A. Sexton, D. Sharma, A. Shaver, I. Shein, T. -A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, K. Shoji, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. J. Skoby, M. Skolnik, M. Slunečka, K. L. Smith, S. Solano, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, P. W. Stankus, P. Steinberg, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, M. R. Stone, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, J. Sun, S. Syed, A. Takahara, A Takeda, A. Taketani, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, A. Taranenko, G. Tarnai, E. Tennant, R. Tieulent, A. Timilsina, T. Todoroki, M. Tomášek, H. Torii, C. L. Towell, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, H. W. van Hecke, M. Vargyas, S. Vazquez-Carson, E. Vazquez-Zambrano, A. Veicht, J. Velkovska, R. Vértesi, M. Virius, V. Vrba, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Z. Wang, D. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, Y. S. Watanabe, F. Wei, S. Whitaker, S. Wolin, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, M. Wysocki, B. Xia, C. Xu, Q. Xu, Y. L. Yamaguchi, A. Yanovich, P. Yin, S. Yokkaichi, J. H. Yoo, I. Yoon, Z. You, I. Younus, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, A. Zelenski, S. Zharko, S. Zhou, L. Zou

The cross section and transverse single-spin asymmetries of $\mu^{-}$ and $\mu^{+}$ from open heavy-flavor decays in polarized $p$+$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV were measured by the PHENIX experiment during 2012 at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Because heavy-flavor production is dominated by gluon-gluon interactions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV, these measurements offer a unique opportunity to obtain information on the trigluon correlation functions. The measurements are performed at forward and backward rapidity ($1. Read More

We show that the generalized method of moments (GMM) estimation problem in instrumental variable quantile regression (IVQR) models can be equivalently formulated as a mixed integer quadratic programming problem. This enables exact computation of the GMM estimators for the IVQR models. We illustrate the usefulness of our algorithm via Monte Carlo experiments and an application to demand for fish. Read More

Based on the quantum renormalization group, we derive the bulk geometry that emerges in the holographic dual of the fermionic U(N) vector model at a nonzero charge density. The obstruction that prohibits the metallic state from being smoothly deformable to the direct product state under the renormalization group flow gives rise to a horizon at a finite radial coordinate in the bulk. The region outside the horizon is described by the Lifshitz geometry with a higher-spin hair determined by microscopic details of the boundary theory. Read More

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanomanipulation has been viewed as a deterministic method for the assembly of plasmonic metamolecules because it enables unprecedented engineering of clusters with exquisite control over particle number and geometry. Nevertheless, the dimensionality of plasmonic metamolecules via AFM nanomanipulation is limited to 2D, so as to restrict the design space of available artificial electromagnetisms. Here, we show that 2D nanomanipulation of the AFM tip can be used to assemble 3D plasmonic metamolecules in a versatile and deterministic way by dribbling highly spherical and smooth gold nanospheres (NSs) on a nanohole template rather than on a flat surface. Read More

Catastrophic forgetting is a problem which refers to losing the information of the first task after training from the second task in continual learning of neural networks. To resolve this problem, we propose the incremental moment matching (IMM), which uses the Bayesian neural network framework. IMM assumes that the posterior distribution of parameters of neural networks is approximated with Gaussian distribution and incrementally matches the moment of the posteriors, which are trained for the first and second task, respectively. Read More

Non-Fermi liquids arise when metals are subject to singular interactions mediated by soft collective modes. In the absence of well-defined quasiparticle, universal physics of non-Fermi liquids is captured by interacting field theories which replace Landau Fermi liquid theory. In this review, we discuss two approaches that have been recently developed for non-Fermi liquid theory with emphasis on two space dimensions. Read More

The Rashba effect leads to a chiral precession of the spins of moving electrons while the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) generates preference towards a chiral profile of local spins. We predict that the exchange interaction between these two spin systems results in a 'chiral' magnetoresistance depending on the chirality of the local spin texture. We observe this magnetoresistance by measuring the domain wall (DW) resistance in a uniquely designed Pt/Co/Pt zigzag wire, and by changing the chirality of the DW with applying an in-plane magnetic field. Read More

We introduce the first goal-driven training for visual question answering and dialog agents. Specifically, we pose a cooperative 'image guessing' game between two agents -- Qbot and Abot -- who communicate in natural language dialog so that Qbot can select an unseen image from a lineup of images. We use deep reinforcement learning (RL) to learn the policies of these agents end-to-end -- from pixels to multi-agent multi-round dialog to game reward. Read More

Finding influential spreaders of information and disease in networks is an important theoretical problem, and one of considerable recent interest. It has been almost exclusively formulated as a node-ranking problem -- methods for identifying influential spreaders rank nodes according to how influential they are. In this work, we show that the ranking approach does not necessarily work: the set of most influential nodes depends on the number of nodes in the set. Read More

As an improvement of the QCD sum rule method to study modifications of light vector mesons in nuclear matter and/or at finite temperature, we calculate the Wilson coefficients of all independent gluonic non-scalar operators up to dimension 6 in the operator product expansion (OPE) of the vector channel for light quarks. To obtain the gluon part of the light quark OPE from the heavy quark one, we also compute the heavy quark expansion of the relevant quark condensates. Together with the results for the quark operators that are already available in the literature, this completes the OPE of the vector channel in a hot or dense medium for operators up to dimension 6. Read More

We found new two-dimensional (2D) quantum (S=1/2) antiferromagnetic systems: CuRE2Ge2O8 (RE=Y and La). According to our analysis of high-resolution X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments, the Cu-network of CuRE2Ge2O8 (RE=Y and La) exhibits a 2D triangular lattice linked via weak bonds along the perpendicular b-axis. Our bulk characterizations from 0. Read More

Recently, reinforcement learning has been successfully applied to the logical game of Go, various Atari games, and even a 3D game, Labyrinth, though it continues to have problems in sparse reward settings. It is difficult to explore, but also difficult to exploit, a small number of successes when learning policy. To solve this issue, the subgoal and option framework have been proposed. Read More

The complexity of strongly correlated electron physics in vanadium dioxide is exemplified as its rich phase diagrams of all kinds, which in turn shed light on the mechanisms behind its various phase transitions. In this work, we map out the hydrostatic pressure - temperature phase diagram of vanadium dioxide nanobeams by independently varying pressure and temperature with a diamond anvil cell. In addition to the well-known insulating M1 (monoclinic) and metallic R (tetragonal) phases, the diagram identifies the existence at high pressures of the insulating M1' (monoclinic, more conductive than M1) phase, and two metallic phases of X (monoclinic) and O (orthorhombic, at high temperature only). Read More

The local electronic and atomic structures of the high-quality single crystal of SrFeO3-{delta} ({delta}~0.19) were studied using temperature-dependent x-ray absorption and valence-band photoemission spectroscopy (VB-PES) to investigate the origin of anisotropic resistivity in the ab-plane and along the c-axis close to the region of thermal hysteresis (near temperature for susceptibility maximum, Tm~78 K). All experiments herein were conducted during warming and cooling processes. Read More

We calculate the Wilson coefficients of dimension 6 gluon operators with spin indices in the two point correlation function of the heavy scalar, pseudoscalar, and axialvector currents. Our result completes the list of all Wilson coefficients of gluon operators up to dimension 6 for the correlation functions between heavy quark currents without derivatives. We then use the result to investigate the stability of the QCD sum rule results for the $\eta_c$, $J/\Psi$, $\chi_{c0}$, and $\chi_{c1}$ mesons near $T_c$. Read More

We present the results of resonant x-ray scattering measurements and electronic structure calculations on the monoarsenide FeAs. We elucidate details of the magnetic structure, showing the ratio of ellipticity of the spin helix is larger than previously thought, at 2.58(3), and reveal both a right-handed chirality and an out of plane component of the magnetic moments in the spin helix. Read More

We consider the Rudin-Shapiro-like polynomials, whose $L^4$ norms on the complex unit circle were studied by Borwein and Mossinghoff. The polynomial $f(z)=f_0+f_1 z + \cdots + f_d z^d$ is identified with the sequence $(f_0,f_1,\ldots,f_d)$ of its coefficients. From the $L^4$ norm of a polynomial, one can easily calculate the autocorrelation merit factor of its associated sequence, and conversely. Read More

Optical microcavities are compact, often chip-based devices, that are essential in technologies spanning frequency metrology to biosensing. They have also enabled new science in quantum information and cavity optomechanics. Performance requirements in subjects like cavity-QED and sensing have long placed emphasis on low-optical-loss (high-Q-factor) micrometer-scale resonators. Read More

Nonuniform strain distributions in a graphene lattice can give rise to uniform pseudomagnetic fields and associated pseudo-Landau levels without breaking time-reversal symmetry. We demonstrate that by inducing superconductivity in a nonuniformly strained graphene sheet, the lowest pseudo-Landau levels split by a pairing gap can be inverted by changing the sign of the pairing potential. As a consequence of this inversion, we predict that a Josephson $\pi$ junction deposited on top of a strained graphene sheet exhibits one-dimensional gapless modes propagating along the junction. Read More

We study an predictive radiative seesaw model at one-loop level with a flavor dependent gauge symmetry $U(1)_{\mu-\tau}$, in which we consider bosonic dark matter. We obtain a specific two zero texture with inverse mass matrix that provides us several predictions such as a specific pattern of Dirac CP phase. We also analyze the constraint of lepton flavor violations, muon $g-2$, relic density of dark matter, and collider physics, have numerical analysis and show allowed region to satisfy all the constraints. Read More