S. Gilad - The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

S. Gilad
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S. Gilad
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The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration
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Nuclear Experiment (47)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (10)
 
Nuclear Theory (10)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By S. Gilad

$[Background]$ Measurements of the neutron charge distribution are made difficult by the fact that, with no net charge, the neutron electric form factor, $G^n_E$, is generally much smaller than the magnetic form factor, $G^n_M$. In addition, measurements of these form factors must use nuclear targets which requires accurately accounting for nuclear effects. $[Method]$ The inclusive quasi-elastic reaction $^3\overrightarrow{\rm{He}}(\overrightarrow{e},e')$ was measured at Jefferson Lab. Read More

2016Oct

The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in $^3$He($e,e^{\prime}\pi^{\pm}$)$X$ have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 performed with a $5.9\,$GeV $e^-$ beam on a $^3$He target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic range $0. Read More

We report on the results of the E06-014 experiment performed at Jefferson Lab in Hall A, where a precision measurement of the twist-3 matrix element $d_2$ of the neutron ($d_{2}^{n}$) was conducted. This quantity represents the average color Lorentz force a struck quark experiences in a deep inelastic electron scattering event off a neutron due to its interaction with the hadronizing remnants. This color force was determined from a linear combination of the third moments of the spin structure functions $g_1$ and $g_2$ on $^{3}$He after nuclear corrections had been applied to these moments. Read More

We report on new p$(e,e^\prime p)\pi^\circ$ measurements at the $\Delta^{+}(1232)$ resonance at the low momentum transfer region. The mesonic cloud dynamics is predicted to be dominant and rapidly changing in this kinematic region offering a test bed for chiral effective field theory calculations. The new data explore the low $Q^2$ dependence of the resonant quadrupole amplitudes while extending the measurements of the Coulomb quadrupole amplitude to the lowest momentum transfer ever reached. Read More

We report the first measurement of the target single-spin asymmetry, $A_y$, in quasi-elastic scattering from the inclusive reaction $^3$He$^{\uparrow}(e,e^\prime)$ on a $^3$He gas target polarized normal to the lepton scattering plane. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero for one-photon exchange. A non-zero $A_y$ can arise from the interference between the one- and two-photon exchange processes which is sensitive to the details of the sub-structure of the nucleon. Read More

2015Feb

We report the measurement of beam-target double-spin asymmetries ($A_\text{LT}$) in the inclusive production of identified hadrons, $\vec{e}~$+$~^3\text{He}^{\uparrow}\rightarrow h+X$, using a longitudinally polarized 5.9 GeV electron beam and a transversely polarized $^3\rm{He}$ target. Hadrons ($\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$ and proton) were detected at 16$^{\circ}$ with an average momentum $<$$P_h$$>$=2. Read More

New results are reported from a measurement of $\pi^0$ electroproduction near threshold using the $p(e,e^{\prime} p)\pi^0$ reaction. The experiment was designed to determine precisely the energy dependence of $s-$ and $p-$wave electromagnetic multipoles as a stringent test of the predictions of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). The data were taken with an electron beam energy of 1192 MeV using a two-spectrometer setup in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Read More

2014Nov
Authors: O. Hen, M. Sargsian, L. B. Weinstein, E. Piasetzky, H. Hakobyan, D. W. Higinbotham, M. Braverman, W. K. Brooks, S. Gilad, K. P. Adhikari, J. Arrington, G. Asryan, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, A. Beck, S. May-Tal Beck, I. Bedlinskiy, W. Bertozzi, A. Biselli, V. D. Burkert, T. Cao, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, V. Crede, A. DAngelo, R. De Vita, A. Deur, C. Djalali, D. Doughty, M. Dugger, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, T. Forest, B. Garillon, M. Garcon, N. Gevorgyan, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, F. X. Girod, J. T. Goetz, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, C. Hanretty, M. Hattawy, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, C. E. Hyde, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, B. I. Ishkanov, E. L. Isupov, H. Jiang, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, D. Keller, M. Khandaker, A. Kim, W. Kim, F. J. Klein, S. Koirala, I. Korover, S. E. Kuhn, V. Kubarovsky, P. Lenisa, W. I. Levine, K. Livingston, M. Lowry, H. Y. Lu, I. J. D. MacGregor, N. Markov, M. Mayer, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, V. Mokeev, A. Movsisyan, C. Munoz Camacho, B. Mustapha, P. Nadel-Turonski, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, A. J. R. Puckett, D. Rimal, M. Ripani, B. G. Ritchie, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, P. Roy, F. Sabatie, D. Schott, R. A. Schumacher, Y. G. Sharabian, G. D. Smith, R. Shneor, D. Sokhan, S. S. Stepanyan, S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, V. Sytnik, M. Taiuti, S. Tkachenko, M. Ungaro, A. V. Vlassov, E. Voutier, D. Watts, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, M. H. Wood, S. A. Wood, N. Zachariou, L. Zana, Z. W. Zhao, X. Zheng, I. Zonta

The atomic nucleus is composed of two different kinds of fermions, protons and neutrons. If the protons and neutrons did not interact, the Pauli exclusion principle would force the majority fermions (usually neutrons) to have a higher average momentum. Our high-energy electron scattering measurements using 12C, 27Al, 56Fe and 208Pb targets show that, even in heavy neutron-rich nuclei, short-range interactions between the fermions form correlated high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. Read More

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. Read More

A proposal approved by the Jefferson Lab (JLab) PAC to study the proton-to-neutron momentum distribution ratio in A=3 nuclei via (e,e'p) scattering off 3He and 3H mirror nuclei. The experiment will measure the 3H(e,e'p) and 3He(e,e'p) cross-sections and cross-section ratios at Q2 = 2 and xB>1 kinematics, over a missing momentum range of 0 - 450 MeV/c. The experiment was approved in 2014 at part of the JLab Hall-A Tritium run period for a total run time of 12 days. Read More

We present a precise measurement of double-polarization asymmetries in the $^3\vec{\mathrm{He}}(\vec{\mathrm{e}},\mathrm{e}'\mathrm{d})$ reaction. This particular process is a uniquely sensitive probe of hadron dynamics in $^3\mathrm{He}$ and the structure of the underlying electromagnetic currents. The measurements have been performed in and around quasi-elastic kinematics at $Q^2 = 0. Read More

A proposal approved by the Jefferson Lab PAC to study semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (DIS) off the deuteron, tagged with high momentum recoiling protons or neutrons emitted at large angle relative to the momentum transfer. This experiment aims at studying the virtuality dependence of the bound nucleon structure function as a possible cause to the EMC effect and the EMC-SRC correlations. The experiment was approved in 2011 for a total run time of 40 days. Read More

2014Jun
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We have performed precision measurements of the double-spin virtual-photon asymmetry $A_1$ on the neutron in the deep inelastic scattering regime, using an open-geometry, large-acceptance spectrometer. Our data cover a wide kinematic range $0.277 \leq x \leq 0. Read More

2014Apr
Authors: Y. X. Zhao1, Y. Wang2, K. Allada3, K. Aniol4, J. R. M. Annand5, T. Averett6, F. Benmokhtar7, W. Bertozzi8, P. C. Bradshaw9, P. Bosted10, A. Camsonne11, M. Canan12, G. D. Cates13, C. Chen14, J. -P. Chen15, W. Chen16, K. Chirapatpimol17, E. Chudakov18, E. Cisbani19, J. C. Cornejo20, F. Cusanno21, M. M. Dalton22, W. Deconinck23, C. W. de Jager24, R. De Leo25, X. Deng26, A. Deur27, H. Ding28, P. A. M. Dolph29, C. Dutta30, D. Dutta31, L. El Fassi32, S. Frullani33, H. Gao34, F. Garibaldi35, D. Gaskell36, S. Gilad37, R. Gilman38, O. Glamazdin39, S. Golge40, L. Guo41, D. Hamilton42, O. Hansen43, D. W. Higinbotham44, T. Holmstrom45, J. Huang46, M. Huang47, H. F Ibrahim48, M. Iodice49, X. Jiang50, G. Jin51, M. K. Jones52, J. Katich53, A. Kelleher54, W. Kim55, A. Kolarkar56, W. Korsch57, J. J. LeRose58, X. Li59, Y. Li60, R. Lindgren61, N. Liyanage62, E. Long63, H. -J. Lu64, D. J. Margaziotis65, P. Markowitz66, S. Marrone67, D. McNulty68, Z. -E. Meziani69, R. Michaels70, B. Moffit71, C. Muñoz Camacho72, S. Nanda73, A. Narayan74, V. Nelyubin75, B. Norum76, Y. Oh77, M. Osipenko78, D. Parno79, J. -C. Peng80, S. K. Phillips81, M. Posik82, A. J. R. Puckett83, X. Qian84, Y. Qiang85, A. Rakhman86, R. Ransome87, S. Riordan88, A. Saha89, B. Sawatzky90, E. Schulte91, A. Shahinyan92, M. H. Shabestari93, S. Širca94, S. Stepanyan95, R. Subedi96, V. Sulkosky97, L. -G. Tang98, A. Tobias99, G. M. Urciuoli100, I. Vilardi101, K. Wang102, B. Wojtsekhowski103, X. Yan104, H. Yao105, Y. Ye106, Z. Ye107, L. Yuan108, X. Zhan109, Y. Zhang110, Y. -W. Zhang111, B. Zhao112, X. Zheng113, L. Zhu114, X. Zhu115, X. Zong116
Affiliations: 1Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 93Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 94Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 95Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 96Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 97Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 98Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 99Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 100Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 101Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 102Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 103Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 104Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 105Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 106Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 107Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 108Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 109Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 110Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 111Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 112Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 113Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 114Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 115Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 116Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We report the first measurement of target single spin asymmetries of charged kaons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of electrons off a transversely polarized $^3{\rm{He}}$ target. Both the Collins and Sivers moments, which are related to the nucleon transversity and Sivers distributions, respectively, are extracted over the kinematic range of 0.1$<$$x_{bj}$$<$0. Read More

2014Jan

We studied simultaneously the 4He(e,e'p), 4He(e,e'pp), and 4He(e,e'pn) reactions at Q^2=2 [GeV/c]2 and x_B>1, for a (e,e'p) missing-momentum range of 400 to 830 MeV/c. The knocked-out proton was detected in coincidence with a proton or neutron recoiling almost back to back to the missing momentum, leaving the residual A=2 system at low excitation energy. These data were used to identify two-nucleon short-range correlated pairs and to deduce their isospin structure as a function of missing momentum in a region where the nucleon-nucleon force is expected to change from predominantly tensor to repulsive. Read More

2013Dec

An experiment to measure single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive production of charged pions in deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized $^3$He target was performed at Jefferson Lab in the kinematic region of $0.16Read More

2013Nov
Authors: K. Allada1, Y. X. Zhao2, K. Aniol3, J. R. M. Annand4, T. Averett5, F. Benmokhtar6, W. Bertozzi7, P. C. Bradshaw8, P. Bosted9, A. Camsonne10, M. Canan11, G. D. Cates12, C. Chen13, J. -P. Chen14, W. Chen15, K. Chirapatpimol16, E. Chudakov17, E. Cisbani18, J. C. Cornejo19, F. Cusanno20, M. Dalton21, W. Deconinck22, C. W. de Jager23, R. De Leo24, X. Deng25, A. Deur26, H. Ding27, P. A. M. Dolph28, C. Dutta29, D. Dutta30, L. El Fassi31, S. Frullani32, H. Gao33, F. Garibaldi34, D. Gaskell35, S. Gilad36, R. Gilman37, O. Glamazdin38, S. Golge39, L. Guo40, D. Hamilton41, O. Hansen42, D. W. Higinbotham43, T. Holmstrom44, J. Huang45, M. Huang46, H. F Ibrahim47, M. Iodice48, X. Jiang49, G. Jin50, M. K. Jones51, J. Katich52, A. Kelleher53, W. Kim54, A. Kolarkar55, W. Korsch56, J. J. LeRose57, X. Li58, Y. Li59, R. Lindgren60, N. Liyanage61, E. Long62, H. -J. Lu63, D. J. Margaziotis64, P. Markowitz65, S. Marrone66, D. McNulty67, Z. -E. Meziani68, R. Michaels69, B. Moffit70, C. Munoz Camacho71, S. Nanda72, A. Narayan73, V. Nelyubin74, B. Norum75, Y. Oh76, M. Osipenko77, D. Parno78, J. -C. Peng79, S. K. Phillips80, M. Posik81, A. J. R. Puckett82, X. Qian83, Y. Qiang84, A. Rakhman85, R. Ransome86, S. Riordan87, A. Saha88, B. Sawatzky89, E. Schulte90, A. Shahinyan91, M. H. Shabestari92, S. Sirca93, S. Stepanyan94, R. Subedi95, V. Sulkosky96, L. -G. Tang97, A. Tobias98, G. M. Urciuoli99, I. Vilardi100, K. Wang101, Y. Wang102, B. Wojtsekhowski103, X. Yan104, H. Yao105, Y. Ye106, Z. Ye107, L. Yuan108, X. Zhan109, Y. Zhang110, Y. -W. Zhang111, B. Zhao112, X. Zheng113, L. Zhu114, X. Zhu115, X. Zong116
Affiliations: 1Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 93Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 94Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 95Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 96Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 97Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 98Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 99Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 100Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 101Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 102Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 103Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 104Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 105Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 106Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 107Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 108Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 109Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 110Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 111Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 112Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 113Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 114Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 115Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 116Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We report the first measurement of target single-spin asymmetries (A$_N$) in the inclusive hadron production reaction, $e~$+$~^3\text{He}^{\uparrow}\rightarrow h+X$, using a transversely polarized $^3$He target. The experiment was conducted at Jefferson Lab in Hall A using a 5.9-GeV electron beam. Read More

2013Nov

We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction $^3$He$^{\uparrow}\left(e,e' \right)X$ on a polarized $^3$He gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be non-zero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5. Read More

2013Jul
Affiliations: 1Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 2Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 3Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 4Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 5Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 6Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 7Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 8Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 9Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 10Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 11Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 12Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 13Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 14Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 15Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 16Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 17Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 18Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 19Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 20Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 21Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 22Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 23Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and the Bates Research and Engineering Center, Middleton MA, 24Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 25Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 26Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 27Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 28Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 29Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 30Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 31Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 32Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 33Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 34Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 35Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 36Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 37Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 38Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 39Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 40Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 41Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 42Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 43Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 44Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 45Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 46Physics Dept. U.C. Berkeley, Berkeley, CA USA, 47Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD USA, 48Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD USA, 49Physics Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, 50Physics Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, 51Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos NM USA, 52Physics Dept., Hampton University, Hampton, VA and Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 53Physics Dept., Hampton University, Hampton, VA and Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 54Physics Dept., Hampton University, Hampton, VA and Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA USA, 55Physics Dept., Catholic University of America, Washington, DC USA, 56Physics Dept., Catholic University of America, Washington, DC USA, 57Physics Dept., Catholic University of America, Washington, DC USA, 58Temple University, Philadelphia PA USA, 59Temple University, Philadelphia PA USA, 60Temple University, Philadelphia PA USA, 61Temple University, Philadelphia PA USA, 62Temple University, Philadelphia PA USA, 63University Bonn, Bonn Germany, 64University Bonn, Bonn Germany, 65University Bonn, Bonn Germany, 66Physikalisches Institut Justus-Liebig-Universitt Giessen, Giessen Germany, 67Physikalisches Institut Justus-Liebig-Universitt Giessen, Giessen Germany

We give a short overview of the DarkLight detector concept which is designed to search for a heavy photon A' with a mass in the range 10 MeV/c^2 < m(A') < 90 MeV/c^2 and which decays to lepton pairs. We describe the intended operating environment, the Jefferson Laboratory free electon laser, and a way to extend DarkLight's reach using A' --> invisible decays. Read More

The Proton Radius Puzzle is the inconsistency between the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen and the proton radius determined from atomic hydrogen level transitions and ep elastic scattering. No generally accepted resolution to the Puzzle has been found. Possible solutions generally fall into one of three categories: the two radii are different due to novel beyond-standard-model physics, the two radii are different due to novel aspects of nucleon structure, and the two radii are the same, but there are underestimated uncertainties or other issues in the ep experiments. Read More

The five-fold differential cross section for the 12C(e,e'p)11B reaction was determined over a missing momentum range of 200-400 MeV/c, in a kinematics regime with Bjorken x > 1 and Q2 = 2.0 (GeV/c)2. A comparison of the results and theoretical models and previous lower missing momentum data is shown. Read More

Nuclear transparency, Tp(A), is a measure of the average probability for a struck proton to escape the nucleus without significant re-interaction. Previously, nuclear transparencies were extructed for quasi-elastic A(e,e'p) knockout of protons with momentum below the Fermi momentum, where the spectral functions are well known. In this paper we extract a novel observable, the transparency ratio, Tp(A)/T_p(12C), for knockout of high-missing-momentum protons from the breakup of short range correlated pairs (2N-SRC) in Al, Fe and Pb nuclei relative to C. Read More

2012May
Authors: H. Fonvieille1, G. Laveissiere2, N. Degrande3, S. Jaminion4, C. Jutier5, L. Todor6, R. Di Salvo7, L. Van Hoorebeke8, L. C. Alexa9, B. D. Anderson10, K. A. Aniol11, K. Arundell12, G. Audit13, L. Auerbach14, F. T. Baker15, M. Baylac16, J. Berthot17, P. Y. Bertin18, W. Bertozzi19, L. Bimbot20, W. U. Boeglin21, E. J. Brash22, V. Breton23, H. Breuer24, E. Burtin25, J. R. Calarco26, L. S. Cardman27, C. Cavata28, C. -C. Chang29, J. -P. Chen30, E. Chudakov31, E. Cisbani32, D. S. Dale33, C. W. deJager34, R. De Leo35, A. Deur36, N. d'Hose37, G. E. Dodge38, J. J. Domingo39, L. Elouadrhiri40, M. B. Epstein41, L. A. Ewell42, J. M. Finn43, K. G. Fissum44, G. Fournier45, B. Frois46, S. Frullani47, C. Furget48, H. Gao49, J. Gao50, F. Garibaldi51, A. Gasparian52, S. Gilad53, R. Gilman54, A. Glamazdin55, C. Glashausser56, J. Gomez57, V. Gorbenko58, P. Grenier59, P. A. M. Guichon60, J. O. Hansen61, R. Holmes62, M. Holtrop63, C. Howell64, G. M. Huber65, C. E. Hyde66, S. Incerti67, M. Iodice68, J. Jardillier69, M. K. Jones70, W. Kahl71, S. Kato72, A. T. Katramatou73, J. J. Kelly74, S. Kerhoas75, A. Ketikyan76, M. Khayat77, K. Kino78, S. Kox79, L. H. Kramer80, K. S. Kumar81, G. Kumbartzki82, M. Kuss83, A. Leone84, J. J. LeRose85, M. Liang86, R. A. Lindgren87, N. Liyanage88, G. J. Lolos89, R. W. Lourie90, R. Madey91, K. Maeda92, S. Malov93, D. M. Manley94, C. Marchand95, D. Marchand96, D. J. Margaziotis97, P. Markowitz98, J. Marroncle99, J. Martino100, K. McCormick101, J. McIntyre102, S. Mehrabyan103, F. Merchez104, Z. E. Meziani105, R. Michaels106, G. W. Miller107, J. Y. Mougey108, S. K. Nanda109, D. Neyret110, E. A. J. M. Offermann111, Z. Papandreou112, B. Pasquini113, C. F. Perdrisat114, R. Perrino115, G. G. Petratos116, S. Platchkov117, R. Pomatsalyuk118, D. L. Prout119, V. A. Punjabi120, T. Pussieux121, G. Quemener122, R. D. Ransome123, O. Ravel124, J. S. Real125, F. Renard126, Y. Roblin127, D. Rowntree128, G. Rutledge129, P. M. Rutt130, A. Saha131, T. Saito132, A. J. Sarty133, A. Serdarevic134, T. Smith135, G. Smirnov136, K. Soldi137, P. Sorokin138, P. A. Souder139, R. Suleiman140, J. A. Templon141, T. Terasawa142, R. Tieulent143, E. Tomasi-Gustaffson144, H. Tsubota145, H. Ueno146, P. E. Ulmer147, G. M. Urciuoli148, M. Vanderhaeghen149, R. L. J. Van der Meer150, R. Van De Vyver151, P. Vernin152, B. Vlahovic153, H. Voskanyan154, E. Voutier155, J. W. Watson156, L. B. Weinstein157, K. Wijesooriya158, R. Wilson159, B. B. Wojtsekhowski160, D. G. Zainea161, W. -M. Zhang162, J. Zhao163, Z. -L. Zhou164
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A 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Virtual Compton Scattering (VCS) on the proton has been studied at Jefferson Lab using the exclusive photon electroproduction reaction (e p --> e p gamma). This paper gives a detailed account of the analysis which has led to the determination of the structure functions P_LL-P_TT/epsilon and P_LT, and the electric and magnetic generalized polarizabilities (GPs) alpha_E(Q^2) and beta_M(Q^2) at values of the four-momentum transfer squared Q^2= 0.92 and 1. Read More

The techniques for optical calibration of Jefferson Lab's large-acceptance magnetic hadron spectrometer, BigBite, have been examined. The most consistent and stable results were obtained by using a method based on singular value decomposition. In spite of the complexity of the optics, the particles' positions and momenta at the target have been precisely reconstructed from the coordinates measured in the detectors by means of a single back-tracing matrix. Read More

We present new data for the polarization observables of the final state proton in the $^{1}H(\vec{\gamma},\vec{p})\pi^{0}$ reaction. These data can be used to test predictions based on hadron helicity conservation (HHC) and perturbative QCD (pQCD). These data have both small statistical and systematic uncertainties, and were obtained with beam energies between 1. Read More

2011Aug

We report the first measurement of the double-spin asymmetry $A_{LT}$ for charged pion electroproduction in semi\nobreakdash-inclusive deep\nobreakdash-inelastic electron scattering on a transversely polarized $^{3}$He target. The kinematics focused on the valence quark region, $0.16Read More

2011Jun

We report the first measurement of target single spin asymmetries in the semi-inclusive $^3{He}(e,e'\pi^\pm)X$ reaction on a transversely polarized target. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.9 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 0. Read More

2011Feb
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Precise measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio $R = \mu_p G_E^p/G_M^p$ using the polarization transfer method at Jefferson Lab have revolutionized the understanding of nucleon structure by revealing the strong decrease of $R$ with momentum transfer $Q^2$ for $Q^2 \gtrsim 1$ GeV$^2$, in strong disagreement with previous extractions of $R$ from cross section measurements. In particular, the polarization transfer results have exposed the limits of applicability of the one-photon-exchange approximation and highlighted the role of quark orbital angular momentum in the nucleon structure. The GEp-II experiment in Jefferson Lab's Hall A measured $R$ at four $Q^2$ values in the range 3. Read More

2010Dec

Intensive theoretical and experimental efforts over the past decade have aimed at explaining the discrepancy between data for the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio, $G_{E}/G_{M}$, obtained separately from cross section and polarization transfer measurements. One possible explanation for this difference is a two-photon-exchange (TPEX) contribution. In an effort to search for effects beyond the one-photon-exchange or Born approximation, we report measurements of polarization transfer observables in the elastic $H(\vec{e},e'\vec{p})$ reaction for three different beam energies at a fixed squared momentum transfer $Q^2 = 2. Read More

2010May

Among the most fundamental observables of nucleon structure, electromagnetic form factors are a crucial benchmark for modern calculations describing the strong interaction dynamics of the nucleon's quark constituents; indeed, recent proton data have attracted intense theoretical interest. In this letter, we report new measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio using the recoil polarization method, at momentum transfers Q2=5.2, 6. Read More

The roles played by mesons in the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon are explored using as a basis a model containing vector mesons with coupling to the continuum together with the asymptotic $Q^2$ behavior of perturbative QCD. Specifically, the vector dominance model (GKex) developed by Lomon is employed, as it is known to be very successful in representing the existing high-quality data published to date. An analysis is made of the experimental uncertainties present when the differences between the GKex model and the data are expanded in orthonormal basis functions. Read More

The protons and neutrons in a nucleus can form strongly correlated nucleon pairs. Scattering experiments, where a proton is knocked-out of the nucleus with high momentum transfer and high missing momentum, show that in 12C the neutron-proton pairs are nearly twenty times as prevalent as proton-proton pairs and, by inference, neutron-neutron pairs. This difference between the types of pairs is due to the nature of the strong force and has implications for understanding cold dense nuclear systems such as neutron stars. Read More

2008Mar
Affiliations: 1corresponding author, 2corresponding author, 3corresponding author, 4corresponding author, 5corresponding author, 6corresponding author, 7corresponding author, 8corresponding author, 9corresponding author, 10corresponding author, 11corresponding author, 12corresponding author, 13corresponding author, 14corresponding author, 15corresponding author, 16corresponding author, 17corresponding author, 18corresponding author, 19corresponding author, 20corresponding author, 21corresponding author, 22corresponding author, 23corresponding author

We report new measurements of the neutron charge form factor at low momentum transfer using quasielastic electrodisintegration of the deuteron. Longitudinally polarized electrons at an energy of 850 MeV were scattered from an isotopically pure, highly polarized deuterium gas target. The scattered electrons and coincident neutrons were measured by the Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST) detector. Read More

We present a measurement of the spin-dependent cross sections for the \vec{^3He}(\vec{e},e')X} reaction in the quasielastic and resonance regions at four-momentum transfer 0.1 < Q^2< 0.9 GeV^2. Read More

We report the first precision measurement of the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio from spin-dependent elastic scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from a polarized hydrogen internal gas target. The measurement was performed at the MIT-Bates South Hall Ring over a range of four-momentum transfer squared $Q^2$ from 0.15 to 0. Read More

The mean square polarizability radii of the proton have been measured for the first time in a virtual Compton scattering experiment performed at the MIT-Bates out-of-plane scattering facility. Response functions and polarizabilities obtained from a dispersion analysis of the data at Q2=0.06 GeV2/c2 are in agreement with O(p3) heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory. Read More

We have measured the 4He(e,e'p)3H reaction at missing momenta of 130-300 MeV/c using the three-spectrometer facility at the Mainz microtron MAMI. Data were taken in perpendicular kinematics to allow us to determine the response function Rlt and the asymmetry term Atl. The data are compared to both relativistic and non-relativistic calculations. Read More

2002Dec
Affiliations: 1OOPS Collaboration, 2OOPS Collaboration, 3OOPS Collaboration, 4OOPS Collaboration, 5OOPS Collaboration, 6OOPS Collaboration, 7OOPS Collaboration, 8OOPS Collaboration, 9OOPS Collaboration, 10OOPS Collaboration, 11OOPS Collaboration, 12OOPS Collaboration, 13OOPS Collaboration, 14OOPS Collaboration, 15OOPS Collaboration, 16OOPS Collaboration, 17OOPS Collaboration, 18OOPS Collaboration, 19OOPS Collaboration, 20OOPS Collaboration, 21OOPS Collaboration, 22OOPS Collaboration, 23OOPS Collaboration, 24OOPS Collaboration, 25OOPS Collaboration, 26OOPS Collaboration, 27OOPS Collaboration, 28OOPS Collaboration, 29OOPS Collaboration, 30OOPS Collaboration, 31OOPS Collaboration, 32OOPS Collaboration, 33OOPS Collaboration, 34OOPS Collaboration, 35OOPS Collaboration, 36OOPS Collaboration, 37OOPS Collaboration, 38OOPS Collaboration, 39OOPS Collaboration, 40OOPS Collaboration, 41OOPS Collaboration, 42OOPS Collaboration, 43OOPS Collaboration, 44OOPS Collaboration, 45OOPS Collaboration, 46OOPS Collaboration, 47OOPS Collaboration

Quadrupole amplitudes in the $\gamma^{*}N\to\Delta$ transition are associated with the issue of nucleon deformation. A search for these small amplitudes has been the focus of a series of measurements undertaken at Bates/MIT by the OOPS collaboration. We report on results from H$(e,e^\prime p)\pi^0$ data obtained at $Q^2= 0. Read More

Quantum Chromodynamics, the microscopic theory of strong interactions, has not yet been applied to the calculation of nuclear wave functions. However, it certainly provokes a number of specific questions and suggests the existence of novel phenomena in nuclear physics which are not part of the the traditional framework of the meson-nucleon description of nuclei. Many of these phenomena are related to high nuclear densities and the role of color in nucleonic interactions. Read More

The promise and limitations of studying nuclear structure and reactions using (e,e'p) reactions are discussed. A(e,e'p)A-1 reactions on complex nuclei are used to test new relativistic mean-field calculations and their ingredients such as ground-state wave function, current operators, final-state interactions and two-body currents, and to assess the limits of single-particle models. For higher excitations of the residual nuclei, A(e,e'p) reactions reveal only qualitative features of the reaction mechanism, and their increased usefulness awaits input from more complex reactions such as A(e,e'X). Read More

We measured the 12C(e,e'p) cross section as a function of missing energy in parallel kinematics for (q,w) = (970 MeV/c, 330 MeV) and (990 MeV/c, 475 MeV). At w=475 MeV, at the maximum of the quasielastic peak, there is a large continuum (E_m > 50 MeV) cross section extending out to the deepest missing energy measured, amounting to almost 50% of the measured cross section. The ratio of data to DWIA calculation is 0. Read More

The first measurements of the induced proton polarization, P_n, for the 12C (e,e'\vec{p}) reaction are reported. The experiment was performed at quasifree kinematics for energy and momentum transfer (\omega,q) \approx (294 MeV, 756 MeV/c) and sampled a recoil momentum range of 0-250 MeV/c. The induced polarization arises from final-state interactions and for these kinematics is dominated by the real part of the spin-orbit optical potential. Read More

The coincidence cross-section and the interference structure function, R_LT, were measured for the 12C(e,e'p) 11B reaction at quasielastic kinematics and central momentum transfer of q=400 MeV/c. The measurement was at an opening angle of theta_pq=11 degrees, covering a range in missing energy of E_m = 0 to 65 MeV. The R_LT structure function is found to be consistent with zero for E_m > 50 MeV, confirming an earlier study which indicated that R_L vanishes in this region. Read More