S. Fischer - I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne

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S. Fischer
I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (11)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (9)
Physics - Materials Science (8)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (7)
Physics - Optics (4)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Biological Physics (2)
Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior (2)
Quantum Physics (2)
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
Statistics - Theory (2)
Nuclear Theory (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
Physics - Physics Education (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By S. Fischer

The class of Generalized $L$-statistics ($GL$-statistics) unifies a broad class of different estimators, for example scale estimators based on multivariate kernels. $GL$-statistics are functionals of $U$-quantiles and therefore the dimension of the kernel of the $U$-quantiles determines the kernel dimension of the estimator. Up to now only few results for multivariate kernels are known. Read More

Learning rates for regularized least-squares algorithms are in most cases expressed with respect to the excess risk, or equivalently, the $L_2$-norm. For some applications, however, guarantees with respect to stronger norms such as the $L_\infty$-norm, are desirable. We address this problem by establishing learning rates for a continuous scale of norms between the $L_2$- and the RKHS norm. Read More

We introduce a classical potentiostatic feedback mechanism that attenuates the dissipation in a quantum system arising from coupling to the surrounding thermodynamic bath, preserving the inter-state interference in an electronic excitation transfer (EET) process. A three-terminal potentiostat device applies a low-noise voltage bias to the terminals of the EET system and reduces the physical coupling between the quantum system and its environment. We introduce a classical equivalent circuit to model the environment-coupled excitation transfer in an elementary two-state system. Read More

Authors: M. Arenz, M. Babutzka, M. Bahr, J. P. Barrett, S. Bauer, M. Beck, A. Beglarian, J. Behrens, T. Bergmann, U. Besserer, J. Blümer, L. I. Bodine, K. Bokeloh, J. Bonn, B. Bornschein, L. Bornschein, S. Büsch, T. H. Burritt, S. Chilingaryan, T. J. Corona, L. De Viveiros, P. J. Doe, O. Dragoun, G. Drexlin, S. Dyba, S. Ebenhöch, K. Eitel, E. Ellinger, S. Enomoto, M. Erhard, D. Eversheim, M. Fedkevych, A. Felden, S. Fischer, J. A. Formaggio, F. Fränkle, D. Furse, M. Ghilea, W. Gil, F. Glück, A. Gonzalez Urena, S. Görhardt, S. Groh, S. Grohmann, R. Grössle, R. Gumbsheimer, M. Hackenjos, V. Hannen, F. Harms, N. Hauÿmann, F. Heizmann, K. Helbing, W. Herz, S. Hickford, D. Hilk, B. Hillen, T. Höhn, B. Holzapfel, M. Hötzel, M. A. Howe, A. Huber, A. Jansen, N. Kernert, L. Kippenbrock, M. Kleesiek, M. Klein, A. Kopmann, A. Kosmider, A. Kovalík, B. Krasch, M. Kraus, H. Krause, M. Krause, L. Kuckert, B. Kuffner, L. La Cascio, O. Lebeda, B. Leiber, J. Letnev, V. M. Lobashev, A. Lokhov, E. Malcherek, M. Mark, E. L. Martin, S. Mertens, S. Mirz, B. Monreal, K. Müller, M. Neuberger, H. Neumann, S. Niemes, M. Noe, N. S. Oblath, A. Off, H. -W. Ortjohann, A. Osipowicz, E. Otten, D. S. Parno, P. Plischke, A. W. P. Poon, M. Prall, F. Priester, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, J. Reich, O. Rest, R. G. H. Robertson, M. Röllig, S. Rosendahl, S. Rupp, M. Rysavy, K. Schlösser, M. Schlösser, K. Schönung, M. Schrank, J. Schwarz, W. Seiler, H. Seitz-Moskaliuk, J. Sentkerestiova, A. Skasyrskaya, M. Slezak, A. Spalek, M. Steidl, N. Steinbrink, M. Sturm, M. Suesser, H. H. Telle, T. Thümmler, N. Titov, I. Tkachev, N. Trost, A. Unru, K. Valerius, D. Venos, R. Vianden, S. Vöcking, B. L. Wall, N. Wandkowsky, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, C. Weiss, S. Welte, J. Wendel, K. L. Wierman, J. F. Wilkerson, D. Winzen, J. Wolf, S. Wüstling, M. Zacher, S. Zadoroghny, M. Zboril

The KATRIN experiment will probe the neutrino mass by measuring the beta-electron energy spectrum near the endpoint of tritium beta-decay. An integral energy analysis will be performed by an electro-static spectrometer (Main Spectrometer), an ultra-high vacuum vessel with a length of 23.2 m, a volume of 1240 m^3, and a complex inner electrode system with about 120000 individual parts. Read More

We report serendipitous detections of line emission with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in band 3, 6, and 7 in the central parsec down to within 1" around Sgr A* at an up to now highest resolution (<0.5") view of the Galactic Center (GC) in the sub-millimeter (sub-mm) domain. From the 100 GHz continuum and the H39\alpha emission we obtain a uniform electron temperature around 6000 K for the minispiral. Read More

Affiliations: 1Oxford University, 2Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, 3CEA Saclay, Paris, 4CEA Saclay, Paris, 5Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 6Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, 7Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore MD, 8CEA Saclay, Paris, 9Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, 10UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Edinburgh, 11Ames Research Center, Moffett Field CA, 12CEA Saclay, Paris, 13Leiden Observatory, 14CEA Saclay, Paris, 15Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc., Greenbelt MD, 16UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Edinburgh

The Low Resolution Spectrometer of the MIRI, which forms part of the imager module, will provide R~100 long-slit and slitless spectroscopy from 5 to 12 micron. The design is optimised for observations of compact sources, such as exoplanet host stars. We provide here an overview of the design of the LRS, and its performance as measured during extensive test campaigns, examining in particular the delivered image quality, dispersion, and resolving power, as well as spectrophotometric performance, flatfield accuracy and the effects of fringing. Read More

Low-field magnetotransport measurements of topological insulators such as Bi$_2$Se$_3$ are important for revealing the nature of topological surface states by quantum corrections to the conductivity, such as weak-antilocalization. Recently, a rich variety of high-field magnetotransport properties in the regime of high electron densities ($\sim10^{19}$ cm$^{-3}$) were reported, which can be related to additional two-dimensional layered conductivity, hampering the identification of the topological surface states. Here, we report that quantum corrections to the electronic conduction are dominated by the surface states for a semiconducting case, which can be analyzed by the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka model for two coupled surfaces in the case of strong spin-orbit interaction. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Cologne, 2University of Cologne, 3University of Cologne, 4University of Cologne, 5University of Cologne, 6MPI for Radioastronomy Bonn, 7LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, 8University Library Göttingen, 9German Aerospace Center

We present near-infrared (NIR) $H+K$-band longslit spectra of eleven galaxies which are obtained with SOFI at the NTT (ESO). The galaxies are chosen from the low-luminosity type-1 quasi-stellar object (LLQSO) sample which comprises the 99 closest ($z\leq 0.06$) QSOs from the Hamburg/ESO survey for bright UV-excess QSOs. Read More

In order to determine the origin of discontinuities which arise when the semiclassical propagator is employed to describe an infinitely long and infinitesimally thin solenoid carrying magnetic flux, we give a systematic derivation of the semiclassical limit of the motion of an otherwise free charged particle. Our limit establishes the connection of the quantum mechanical canonical angular momentum to its classical counterpart. Moreover, we show how a picture of Aharonov-Bohm interference of two half-waves acquiring Dirac's magnetic phase when passing on either side of the solenoid emerges from the quantum propagator, and that the typical scale of the resulting interference pattern is fully determined by the ratio of the angular part of Hamilton's principal function to Planck's constant. Read More

We describe the operations concept and data reduction plan for the Mid- Infrared Instrument (MIRI) for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). The overall JWST operations concept is to use Observation Templates (OTs) to provide a straightforward and intuitive way for users to specify observations. MIRI has four OTs that correspond to the four observing modes: 1. Read More

Colloidal upconverter nanocrystals (UCNCs) that convert near-infrared photons to higher energies are promising for applications ranging from life sciences to solar energy harvesting. However, practical applications of UCNCs are hindered by their low upconversion quantum yield (UCQY) and the high irradiances necessary to produce relevant upconversion luminescence. Achieving high UCQY under practically relevant irradiance remains a major challenge. Read More

There has been significant recent progress in solving the long-standing problems of how nuclear shell structure and collective motion emerge from underlying microscopic inter-nucleon interactions. We review a selection of recent significant results within the ab initio No Core Shell Model (NCSM) closely tied to three major factors enabling this progress: (1) improved nuclear interactions that accurately describe the experimental two-nucleon and three-nucleon interaction data; (2) advances in algorithms to simulate the quantum many-body problem with strong interactions; and (3) continued rapid development of high-performance computers now capable of performing $20 \times 10^{15}$ floating point operations per second. We also comment on prospects for further developments. Read More

Throughout introductory physics, students create and interpret free body diagrams in which multiple forces act on an object, typically at a single location (the object's center of mass). The situation increases in difficulty when multiple objects are involved, and further when electric and magnetic fields are present. In the latter, sources of the fields are often identified as a set of electric charges or current-carrying wires, and students are asked to determine the electric or magnetic field at a separate location defined as the observation location. Read More

The monoclinic crystal structure of $\beta$-$\mathrm{Ga_2O_3}$ leads to significant anisotropy of the thermal properties. The 2$\omega$-method is used to measure the thermal diffusivity $D$ in [010] and [001] direction respectively and to determine the thermal conductivity values $\lambda$ of the [100], [010] and [001] direction from the same insulating Mg doped $\beta$-$\mathrm{Ga_2O_3}$ single crystal. We detect a temperature independent anisotropy factor of both the thermal diffusivity and conductivity values of $D_{[010]}/D_{[001]}=\lambda_{[010]}/\lambda_{[001]}=1. Read More

Generalized linear (GL-) statistics are defined as functionals of an U-quantile process and unify different classes of statistics such as U-statistics and L-statistics. We derive a central limit theorem for GL-statistics of strongly mixing sequences and arbitrary dimension of the underlying kernel. For this purpose we establish a limit theorem for U-statistics and an invariance principle for U-processes together with a convergence rate for the remaining term of the Bahadur representation. Read More

Nanostructures fabricated from narrow-gap semiconductors with strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI), such as InAs, can be used to filter momentum modes of electrons and offer the possibility to create and detect spin-polarized currents entirely by electric fields. Here, we present magnetotransport and THz magnetospectroscopy investigations of Hall-bars with back-gates made from in InGaAs/InAlAs quantum well structures with a strained 4 nm InAs inserted channel. The two-dimensional electron gas is at 53 nm depth and has a carrier density of about $6\times10^{11}$ cm$^{-2}$ and mobility of about $2\times10^{5}$ cm$^2$/Vs, after illumination. Read More

Silicon nanowires are prepared by the method of the two-step metal-assisted wet chemical etching. We have analyzed the structure of solid, rough and porous nanowire surfaces of boron-doped silicon substrates with resistivities of \rho > 1000 \Omega cm, \rho = 14-23 \Omega cm, \rho < 0.01 \Omega cm by scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen gas adsorption. Read More

Cross-correlated measurements of thermal noise are performed to determine the electron temperature in nanopatterned channels of a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure at 4.2 K. Two-dimensional (2D) electron reservoirs are connected via an extended one-dimensional (1D) electron waveguide network. Read More

Individual highly pure single crystalline silver nanowires (Ag NWs) were investigated with regard to the electrical conductivity $\sigma$, the thermal conductivity $\lambda$ and the Seebeck coefficient $S$ as function of the temperature $T$ between $1.4\,\mathrm{K}$ and room temperature (RT). Transmission electron microscopy was performed subsequently to the thermoelectric characterization of the Ag NWs, so that their transport properties can be correlated with the structural data. Read More

Wireless sensor networks increasingly become viable solutions to many challenging problems and will successively be deployed in many areas in the future. However, deploying new technology without security in mind has often proved to be unreasonably dangerous. We propose a security architecture for self-organizing mobile wireless sensor networks that prevents many attacks these networks are exposed to. Read More

For $\beta$-$\mathrm{Ga_2O_3}$ only little information exist concerning the thermal properties, especially the thermal conductivity $\lambda$. Here, the thermal conductivity is measured by applying the electrical 3$\omega$-method on Czochralski-grown $\beta$-$\mathrm{Ga_2O_3}$ bulk crystals, which have a thickness of $200~\mathrm{\mu m}$ and $800~\mathrm{\mu m}$. At room temperature the thermal conductivity along the [100]-direction in Mg-doped electrical insulating and undoped semiconducting $\beta$-$\mathrm{Ga_2O_3}$ is confirmed as $13\pm 1~\mathrm{Wm^{-1}K^{-1}}$ for both crystals. Read More

The templated growth of the basic porphyrin unit, free-base porphine (2H-P), is characterized by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy measurements and density functional theory (DFT). The DFT simulations allow the deconvolution of the complex XPS and NEXAFS signatures into contributions originating from five inequivalent carbon atoms, which can be grouped into C-N and C-C bonded species. Polarization-dependent NEXAFS measurements reveal an intriguing organizational behavior: On both Cu(111) and Ag(111), for coverages up to one monolayer, the molecules adsorb undeformed and parallel to the respective metal surface. Read More

Basic understanding of biological membranes is of paramount importance as these membranes comprise the very building blocks of life itself. Cells depend in their function on a range of properties of the membrane, which are important for the stability and function of the cell, information and nutrient transport, waste disposal and finally the admission of drugs into the cell and also the deflection of bacteria and viruses. We have investigated the influence of ibuprofen on the structure and dynamics of L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine (SoyPC) membranes by means of grazing incidence small-angle neutron scattering (GISANS), neutron reflectometry and grazing incidence neutron spin echo spectroscopy (GINSES). Read More

We report ab initio calculations for neutron drops in a 10 MeV external harmonic-oscillator trap using chiral nucleon-nucleon plus three-nucleon interactions. We present total binding energies, internal energies, radii and odd-even energy differences for neutron numbers N = 2 - 18 using the no-core shell model with and without importance truncation. Furthermore, we present total binding energies for N = 8, 16, 20, 28, 40, 50 obtained in a coupled-cluster approach. Read More

We present the results of near-infrared (NIR) H- and K-band European Southern Observatory SINFONI integral field spectroscopy (IFS) of the Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 1433. We present emission and absorption line measurements in the central kpc of NGC 1433. We detect a narrow Balmer line and several H2 lines. Read More

We have used the Wide Field Spectrograph (WiFeS) on the ANU 2.3m telescope at Siding Spring to observe the nearby, nearly face-on, Seyfert 2 galaxy, NGC 5427. We have obtained integral field spectroscopy of both the nuclear regions and the HII regions in the spiral arms. Read More

Mechanics has an important role during morphogenesis, both in the generation of forces driving cell shape changes and in determining the effective material properties of cells and tissues. Drosophila dorsal closure (DC) has emerged as a model system for studying the interplay between tissue mechanics and cellular activity. Thereby, the amnioserosa (AS) generates one of the major forces that drive DC through the apical contraction of its constituent cells. Read More

The super-massive 4 million solar mass black hole (SMBH) SgrA* shows flare emission from the millimeter to the X-ray domain. The nucleus of the Milky Way has properties (stellar cluster, young stars, molecular gas and an accreting SMBH) that resemble those of currently higher luminous Low Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei. A detailed analysis of the infrared light curves shows that the flares are probably generated in a single-state process forming a power-law distribution of the flux density. Read More

Affiliations: 1I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 2I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 3I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 4I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 5I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 6I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 7Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, 8ESO Chile, 9Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik, Potsdam

Recognizing the properties of the host galaxies of quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) is essential to understand the suspected coevolution of central supermassive black holes (BHs) and their host galaxies. We selected a subsample of the Hamburg/ESO survey for bright UV-excess QSOs, containing only the 99 nearest QSOs with redshift z<=0.06, that are close enough to allow detailed structural analysis. Read More

The low luminosity QSO (LLQSO) sample consists of type 1 active galactic nuclei (AGN) up to a redshift of z=0.06 in the Hamburg/ESO QSO survey. Its purpose is to study how the brightest AGN in the nearby universe evolve with respect to AGN activity and host properties as a function of redshift. Read More

(Abridged) The role of low ionization nuclear emission region (LINER) galaxies within the picture of active galactic nuclei (AGN) has been controversial. It is still not clear whether they host an AGN in a low accretion mode, or whether they are not active at all but dominated by alternative ionization mechanisms, namely shocks, winds/outflows, or photoionization by a post asymptotic giant branch (p-AGB) stellar population. The detection of extended LINER-like emission was often taken as evidence of ionization by stellar components but this has not been undisputed. Read More

The NIR is less influenced by dust extinction than optical light. This enables us to look to an extent through dusty regions. In addition, it is sensitive to the mass-dominating stellar population. Read More

Affiliations: 1I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 2I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 3I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 4I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 5I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 6I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 7I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 8I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 9I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 10I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 11I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 12I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 13I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 14I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 15I. Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne

No. Due to their apparently extreme optical to X-ray properties, Narrow Line Seyfert 1s (NLSy1s) have been considered a special class of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Here, we summarize observational results from different groups to conclude that none of the characteristics that are typically used to define the NLSy1s as a distinct group - from the, nowadays called, Broad Line Seyfert 1s (BLSy1s) - is unique, nor ubiquitous of these particular sources, but shared by the whole Type 1 AGN. Read More

Affiliations: 1I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 2I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 3I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 4I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 5I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 6I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 7I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 8I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 9I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 10I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne, 11I.Physikalisches Institut, University of Cologne

The starburst/Seyfert composite galaxy IRAS 01072+4954 (z=0.0236) is an enigmatic source that combines a Seyfert~1-like X-ray emission with a starburst optical spectrum that lacks broad line emission. We performed high angular resolution observations of the central kiloparsec of this galaxy in the near-infrared. Read More

NGC 5850 is a nearby (z=0.0085) early type spiral galaxy classified as LINER. It is considered as a prototype double-barred system. Read More

A generalized kinetic model equation which takes into account the frequency depence of the thermal conductivity is used to analyze the problem of sound propagation in dilute polyatomic gases. By comparing the theoretical results with some available experimental data we infer that our model equation provides a precise transition between low and high-frequency limits. Read More

We study the surface plasmon (SP) resonance energy of isolated spherical Ag nanoparticles dispersed on a silicon nitride substrate in the diameter range 3.5-26 nm with monochromated electron energy-loss spectroscopy. A significant blueshift of the SP resonance energy of 0. Read More

The gas circulation loop LOOPINO has been set up and commissioned at Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe (TLK) to perform Raman measurements of circulating tritium mixtures under conditions similar to the inner loop system of the neutrino-mass experiment KATRIN, which is currently under construction. A custom-made interface is used to connect the tritium containing measurement cell, located inside a glove box, with the Raman setup standing on the outside. A tritium sample (purity > 95%, 20 kPa total pressure) was circulated in LOOPINO for more than three weeks with a total throughput of 770 g of tritium. Read More

The super-massive 4 million solar mass black hole (SMBH) SgrA* shows variable emission from the millimeter to the X-ray domain. A detailed analysis of the infrared light curves allows us to address the accretion phenomenon in a statistical way. The analysis shows that the near-infrared flux density excursions are dominated by a single state power law, with the low states of SgrA* limited by confusion through the unresolved stellar background. Read More

The Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment will measure the absolute mass scale of neutrinos with a sensitivity of $\m_{\nu}$ = 200 meV/c$^2$ by high-precision spectroscopy close to the tritium beta-decay endpoint at 18.6 keV. Its Windowless Gaseous Tritium Source (WGTS) is a beta-decay source of high intensity ($10^{11}$/s) and stability, where high-purity molecular tritium at 30 K is circulated in a closed loop with a yearly throughput of 10 kg. Read More

Affiliations: 1Universitaet zu Koeln, Germany, 2Universitaet zu Koeln, Germany, 3Universitaet zu Koeln, Germany

Radio and X-ray emission of AGN appears to be correlated. The details of the underlying physical processes, however, are still not fully understood, i.e. Read More

The aim of the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino experiment (KATRIN) is the direct (model-independent) measurement of the neutrino mass. For that purpose a windowless gaseous tritium source is used, with a tritium throughput of 40 g/day. In order to reach the design sensitivity of 0. Read More

Here we present the preliminary results of the analysis of VIMOS observations of the central 4.5 kpc of the double-barred galaxy NGC 5850. We use optical diagnostic diagrams to study the main ionization mecahnism across the field of view confirming the LINER nature in the continuum peak location. Read More

Thermoelectric (TE) properties of a single nanowire (NW) are investigated in a microlab which allows the determination of the Seebeck coefficient S and the conductivity {\sigma}. A significiant influence of the magnetization of a 70 nm ferromagnetic Ni-NW on its power factor S^{2}{\sigma} is observed. We detected a strong magneto thermopower effect (MTP) of about 10% and an anisotropic magneto resistance (AMR) as a function of an external magnetic field B in the order of 1%. Read More

Thermal voltage noise measurements are performed in order to determine the electron temperature in nanopatterned channels of a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure at bath temperatures of 4.2 and 1.4 K. Read More

Affiliations: 1Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany, 2Institute of Physics, 3Institute of Condensed Matter Theory and Solid State Optics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, Germany, 4Institute of Physics, 5Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, 6Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, 7Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany, 8Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany, 9Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany

We investigate plasmon resonances in gold nanoparticles to enhance the quantum yield of upconverting materials. For this purpose, we use a rate equation model that describes the upconversion of trivalent erbium based upconverters. Changes of the optical field acting on the upconverter and the changes to the transition probabilities of the upconverter in the proximity of a gold nanoparticle are calculated using Mie theory and exact electrodynamic theory respectively. Read More

Upconversion of infrared photons is a promising possibility to enhance solar cell efficiency by producing electricity from otherwise unused sub-band-gap photons. We present a rate equation model, and the relevant processes, in order to describe upconversion of near-infrared photons. The model considers stimulated and spontaneous processes, multi-phonon relaxation and energy transfer between neighboring ions. Read More

Extended narrow-line regions (ENLRs) and extended emission-line regions (EELRs) have been the focus of integral field spectroscopy aiming at the inner kiloparsecs of nearby Seyfert galaxies as well as the larger environment of high redshift QSOs. Based on observations with the Wide Field Spectrograph WiFeS at the 2.3 m telescope of the Australian National University, we present spatially resolved emission-line diagnostics of the bright Seyfert 1. Read More

The production and regulation of red blood cells, erythropoiesis, occurs in the bone marrow where erythroid cells proliferate and differentiate within particular structures, called erythroblastic islands. A typical structure of these islands consists in a macrophage (white cell) surrounded by immature erythroid cells (progenitors), with more mature cells on the periphery of the island, ready to leave the bone marrow and enter the bloodstream. A hybrid model, coupling a continuous model (ordinary differential equations) describing intracellular regulation through competition of two key proteins, to a discrete spatial model describing cell-cell interactions, with growth factor diffusion in the medium described by a continuous model (partial differential equations), is proposed to investigate the role of the central macrophage in normal erythropoiesis. Read More

Injection of mode-filtered electrons into a phase-sensitive four-terminal waveguide Aharonov-Bohm (AB) ring is studied. An individually tuneable quantum point contact (QPC) in a waveguide lead of the GaAs/AlGaAs-ring allows to selectively couple to one-dimensional modes in the ring. Thus, we demonstrate single-mode transport in a multi-mode waveguide structure. Read More