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S. C. Chapman
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S. C. Chapman

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (27)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (12)
Physics - Plasma Physics (4)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (3)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (2)
Physics - Space Physics (2)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (2)
Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior (2)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (2)
Statistics - Computation (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Mathematics - Commutative Algebra (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Subcellular Processes (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)

Publications Authored By S. C. Chapman

We characterize the response of the quiet time (no substorms or storms) large-scale ionospheric transient equivalent currents to north-south and south-north IMF turnings by using a dynamical network of ground-based magnetometers. Canonical correlation between all pairs of SuperMAG magnetometer stations in the Northern Hemisphere (magnetic latitude (MLAT) 50-82$^{\circ}$) is used to establish the extent of near-simultaneous magnetic response between regions of magnetic local time-MLAT. Parameters and maps that describe spatial-temporal correlation are used to characterize the system and its response to the turnings aggregated over several hundred events. Read More

We present Iron, Magnesium, Calcium, and Titanium abundances for 235 stars in the central region of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy (within 9.0 arcmin ~70 pc from the center) from medium-resolution Keck/DEIMOS spectra. All the considered stars belong to the massive globular cluster M54 or to the central nucleus of the galaxy (Sgr,N). Read More

We present spectroscopic redshifts of S(870)>2mJy submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) which have been identified from the ALMA follow-up observations of 870um detected sources in the Extended Chandra Deep Field South (the ALMA-LESS survey). We derive spectroscopic redshifts for 52 SMGs, with a median of z=2.4+/-0. Read More

We report an improved measurement of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) $B$-mode polarization power spectrum with the POLARBEAR experiment. By adding new data collected during the second season of observations (2013-2014) to re-analyzed data from the first season (2012-2013), we have reduced twofold the band-power uncertainties. The band powers are reported over angular multipoles $500 \leq \ell \leq 2100$, where the dominant $B$-mode signal is expected to be due to the gravitational lensing of $E$-modes. Read More

We study the heating mechansims and Ly{\alpha} escape fractions of 35 Ly{\alpha} blobs (LABs) at z = 3.1 in the SSA22 field, using the submillimeter (submm) data from the ALMA and the SCUBA-2 on the JCMT, and the radio data from the VLA. With ALMA and JCMT/SCUBA-2, we have identified dust continuum sources in 11 out of 35 LABs in the SSA22 field, with star formation rates (SFRs) of above 100Msun/yr. Read More

Intra-tumour phenotypic heterogeneity limits accuracy of clinical diagnostics and hampers the efficiency of anti-cancer therapies. Dealing with this cellular heterogeneity requires adequate understanding of its sources, which is extremely difficult, as phenotypes of tumour cells integrate hardwired (epi)mutational differences with the dynamic responses to microenvironmental cues. The later come in form of both direct physical interactions, as well as inputs from gradients of secreted signalling molecules. Read More

The identification of high-redshift massive galaxies with old stellar populations may pose challenges to some models of galaxy formation. However, to securely classify a galaxy as quiescent, it is necessary to exclude significant ongoing star formation, something that can be challenging to achieve at high redshift. In this letter, we analyse deep ALMA/870um and SCUBA-2/450um imaging of the claimed "post-starburst" galaxy ZF-20115 at z=3. Read More

Most of the calcium in the body is stored in bone. The rest is stored elsewhere, and calcium signalling is one of the most important mechanisms of information propagation in the body. Yet, many questions remain open. Read More

A system of interacting Brownian particles subject to short-range repulsive potentials is considered. A continuum description in the form of a nonlinear diffusion equation is derived systematically in the dilute limit using the method of matched asymptotic expansions. Numerical simulations are performed to compare the results of the model with those of the commonly used mean-field and Kirkwood-superposition approximations, as well as with Monte Carlo simulation of the stochastic particle system, for various interaction potentials. Read More

A continuously rotating half-wave plate (CRHWP) is a promising tool to improve the sensitivity to large angular scales in cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization measurements. With a CRHWP, single detectors can measure all three of the Stokes parameters, $I$, $Q$ and $U$, thereby avoiding the set of systematic errors that can be introduced by mismatches in the properties of orthogonal detector pairs. We focus on the implementation of CRHWPs in large aperture telescopes (i. Read More

Ion cyclotron emission (ICE) is detected during edge localised modes (ELMs) in the KSTAR tokamak at harmonics of the proton cyclotron frequency in the outer plasma edge. The emission typically chirps downward (occasionally upward) during ELM crashes, and is driven by confined 3MeV fusion-born protons that have large drift excursions from the plasma core. We exploit fully kinetic simulations at multiple plasma densities to match the time-evolving features of the chirping ICE. Read More

We consider evolving networks in which each node can have various associated properties (a state) in addition to those that arise from network structure. For example, each node can have a spatial location and a velocity, or some more abstract internal property that describes something like social trait. Edges between nodes are created and destroyed, and new nodes enter the system. Read More

We present the first results from our on-going Australia Telescope Compact Array survey of CO(1-0) in ALMA-identified submillimetre galaxies in the Extended Chandra Deep Field South. Strong detections of CO(1-0) emission from two submillimetre galaxies, ALESS 122.1 (z = 2. Read More

Second order corrections to the perturbative ground state wave functional and vacuum energy of a Yang-Mills theory are calculated in the temporal gauge. Using dimensional regularization, the concepts of renormalization and a running coupling constant are motivated in a spatially gauge invariant way, before the introduction of a scalar product. After definition of a scalar product, it is shown that the renormalization constants of this approach are just those of the Axial gauge. Read More

A tri-block nanoparticle (TBN) comprising of an enzymatically cleavable porous gelatin nanocore encapsulated with gefitinib (tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)) and surface functionalized with cetuximab-siRNA conjugate has been synthesized. Targeted delivery of siRNA to undruggable KRAS mutated non-small cell lung cancer cells would sensitize the cells to TKI drugs and offers an efficient therapy for treating cancer; however, efficient delivery of siRNA and releasing it in cytoplasm remains a major challenge. We have shown TBN can efficiently deliver siRNA to cytoplasm of KRAS mutant H23 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) cells for oncogene knockdown; subsequently, sensitizing it to TKI. Read More

We report the result from observations conducted with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to detect [CII] 158 um fine structure line emission from galaxies embedded in one of the most spectacular Lyman-alpha blobs (LABs) at z=3.1, SSA22-LAB1. Of three dusty star-forming galaxies previously discovered by ALMA 860 um dust continuum survey toward SSA22-LAB1, we detected the [CII] line from one, LAB1-ALMA3 at z=3. Read More

We present ALMA [CI]($1-0$) (rest frequency 492 GHz) observations for a sample of 13 strongly-lensed dusty star-forming galaxies originally discovered at 1.4mm in a blank-field survey by the South Pole Telescope. We compare these new data with available [CI] observations from the literature, allowing a study of the ISM properties of $\sim 30$ extreme dusty star-forming galaxies spanning a redshift range $2 < z < 5$. Read More

We present a search for companion [CII] emitters to known luminous sources at $6<$ z $<6.5$ in deep ALMA observations. Our data is deep enough to detect sources down to L$_{\rm [CII]} \sim 10^8$ at z $\sim6$. Read More

Authors: A Kirk, J Adamek, RJ Akers, S Allan, L Appel, F Arese Lucini, M Barnes, T Barrett, N Ben Ayed, W Boeglin, J Bradley, P K Browning, J Brunner, P Cahyna, M Carr, F Casson, M Cecconello, C Challis, IT Chapman, S Chapman, S Conroy, N Conway, WA Cooper, M Cox, N Crocker, B Crowley, S Cardnell, J Chorley, G Cunningham, A Danilov, D Darrow, R Dendy, D Dickinson, W Dorland, B Dudson, L Easy, S Elmore, M Evans, T Farley, N Fedorczak, A Field, I Fitzgerald, M Fox, S Freethy, L Garzotti, YC Ghim, K Gi, M Gorelenkova, W Gracias, C Gurl, W Guttenfelder, C Ham, D Harting, E Havlickova, N Hawkes, T Hender, S Henderson, J Hillesheim, B Hnat, J Horacek, J Howard, D Howell, D Dunai, G Fishpool, K Gibson, J Harrison, E Highcock, B Huang, M Inomoto, R Imazawa, O Jones, K Kadowaki, S Kaye, D Keeling, M Kocan, L Kogan, M Komm, W Lai, J Leddy, H Leggate, K Imada, I Klimek, J Hollocombe, B Lipschultz, S Lisgo, YQ Liu, B Lloyd, B Lomanowski, V Lukin, G Maddison, J Madsen, J Mailloux, R Martin, G McArdle, I Lupelli, K McClements, B McMillan, A Meakins, H Meyer, C Michael, F Militello, J Milnes, G Motojima, D Muir, G Naylor, A Nielsen, M O'Brien, M O'Mullane, J Olsen, J Omotani, Y Ono, S Pamela, AW Morris, T O'Gorman, L Pangione, F Parra, A Patel, W Peebles, R Perez, S Pinches, L Piron, M Price, M Reinke, P Ricci, F Riva, C Roach, M Romanelli, D Ryan, S Saarelma, A Saveliev, R Scannell, A Schekochihin, S Sharapov, R Sharples, V Shevchenko, K Shinohara, S Silburn, J Simpson, A Stanier, J Storrs, H Summers, Y Takase, P Tamain, H Tanabe, H Tanaka, K Tani, D Taylor, D Thomas, N Thomas-Davies, A Thornton, M Turnyanskiy, M Valovic, R Vann, F Van Wyk, N Walkden, T Watanabe, H Wilson, M Wischmeier, T Yamada, J Young, S Zoletnik, the MAST Team, the EUROfusion MST1 Team

New results from MAST are presented that focus on validating models in order to extrapolate to future devices. Measurements during start-up experiments have shown how the bulk ion temperature rise scales with the square of the reconnecting field. During the current ramp up models are not able to correctly predict the current diffusion. Read More

In both high-performance computing (HPC) environments and the public cloud, the duration of time to retrieve or save your results is simultaneously unpredictable and important to your over all resource budget. It is generally accepted ("Google: Taming the Long Latency Tail - When More Machines Equals Worse Results", Todd Hoff, highscalability.com 2012), but without a robust explanation, that identical parallel tasks do take different durations to complete -- a phenomena known as variability. Read More

It was recently conjectured that the quantum complexity of a holographic boundary state can be computed by evaluating the gravitational action on a bulk region known as the Wheeler-DeWitt patch. We apply this complexity=action duality to evaluate the `complexity of formation' (arXiv:1509.07876, arXiv:1512. Read More

We present deep observations at 450 um and 850 um in the Extended Groth Strip field taken with the SCUBA-2 camera mounted on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope as part of the deep SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS), achieving a central instrumental depth of $\sigma_{450}=1.2$ mJy/beam and $\sigma_{850}=0.2$ mJy/beam. Read More

We present a comprehensive analysis of the structural properties and luminosities of the 23 dwarf spheroidal galaxies that fall within the footprint of the Pan-Andromeda Archaeological Survey (PAndAS). These dwarf galaxies represent the large majority of Andromeda's known satellite dwarf galaxies and cover a wide range in luminosity ($-11.6Read More

We present high-resolution (0.16$"$) 870um Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) imaging of 16 luminous (L_IR ~ 4 x 10^12 L_sun) submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) from the ALESS survey of the Extended Chandra Deep Field South. This dust imaging traces the dust-obscured star formation in these z~2. Read More

A computational and asymptotic analysis of the solutions of Carrier's problem is presented. The computations reveal a striking and beautiful bifurcation diagram, with an infinite sequence of alternating pitchfork and fold bifurcations as the bifurcation parameter tends to zero. The method of Kuzmak is then applied to construct asymptotic solutions to the problem. Read More

Let $M$ be a commutative cancellative monoid. The set $\Delta(M)$, which consists of all positive integers which are distances between consecutive factorization lengths of elements in $M$, is a widely studied object in the theory of nonunique factorizations. If $M$ is a Krull monoid with cyclic class group of order $n \ge 3$, then it is well-known that $\Delta(M) \subseteq \{1, \dots, n-2\}$. Read More

We have observed the dust continuum of ten z=3.1 Lyman Break Galaxies with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array at ~450 mas resolution in Band 7. We detect and resolve the 870um emission in one of the targets with an integrated flux density of S(870)=(192+/-57) uJy, and measure a stacked 3-sigma signal of S(870)=(67+/-23) uJy for the remaining nine. Read More

This study is concerned with modeling detrimental deformations of the binder phase within lithium-ion batteries that occur during cell assembly and usage. A two-dimensional poroviscoelastic model for the mechanical behavior of porous electrodes is formulated and posed on a geometry corresponding to a thin rectangular electrode, with a regular square array of microscopic circular electrode particles, stuck to a rigid base formed by the current collector. Deformation is forced both by (i) electrolyte absorption driven binder swelling, and; (ii) cyclic growth and shrinkage of electrode particles as the battery is charged and discharged. Read More

We present new Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) 850um continuum observations of the original Lyman-alpha Blob (LAB) in the SSA22 field at z=3.1 (SSA22-LAB01). The ALMA map resolves the previously identified submillimeter source into three components with total flux density S_850 = 1. Read More

POLARBEAR-2 (PB-2) is a cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization experiment that will be located in the Atacama highland in Chile at an altitude of 5200 m. Its science goals are to measure the CMB polarization signals originating from both primordial gravitational waves and weak lensing. PB-2 is designed to measure the tensor to scalar ratio, r, with precision {\sigma}(r) < 0. Read More

Analysis of cosmic microwave background (CMB) datasets typically requires some filtering of the raw time-ordered data. Filtering is frequently used to minimize the impact of low frequency noise, atmospheric contributions and/or scan synchronous signals on the resulting maps. In this work we explicitly construct a general filtering operator, which can unambiguously remove any set of unwanted modes in the data, and then amend the map-making procedure in order to incorporate and correct for it. Read More

We present a holographic method for computing the response of R\'enyi entropies in conformal field theories to small shape deformations around a flat (or spherical) entangling surface. Our strategy employs the stress tensor one-point function in a deformed hyperboloid background and relates it to the coefficient in the two-point function of the displacement operator. We obtain explicit numerical results for $d=3,\dots,6$ spacetime dimensions, and also evaluate analytically the limits where the R\'enyi index approaches 1 and 0 in general dimensions. Read More

In this paper we use ASPECS, the ALMA Spectroscopic Survey in the {\em Hubble} Ultra Deep Field (UDF) in band 3 and band 6, to place blind constraints on the CO luminosity function and the evolution of the cosmic molecular gas density as a function of redshift up to $z\sim 4.5$. This study is based on galaxies that have been solely selected through their CO emission and not through any other property. Read More

We study the molecular gas properties of high-$z$ galaxies observed in the ALMA Spectroscopic Survey (ASPECS) that targets a $\sim1$ arcmin$^2$ region in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field (UDF), a blind survey of CO emission (tracing molecular gas) in the 3mm and 1mm bands. Of a total of 1302 galaxies in the field, 56 have spectroscopic redshifts and correspondingly well-defined physical properties. Among these, 11 have infrared luminosities $L_{\rm{}IR}>10^{11}$ L$_\odot$, i. Read More

We present the results of 325 MHz GMRT observations of a super-cluster field, known to contain five Abell clusters at redshift $z \sim 0.2$. We achieve a nominal sensitivity of $34\,\mu$Jy beam$^{-1}$ toward the phase centre. Read More

We present a catalogue of nearly 3,000 submillimetre sources detected at 850um over ~5 square degrees surveyed as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS). This is the largest survey of its kind at 850um, probing a meaningful cosmic volume at the peak of star formation activity and increasing the sample size of submillimetre galaxies selected at 850um by an order of magnitude. We describe the wide 850um survey component of S2CLS, which covers the key extragalactic survey fields: UKIDSS-UDS, COSMOS, Akari-NEP, Extended Groth Strip, Lockman Hole North, SSA22 and GOODS-North. Read More

The stellar halos of large galaxies represent a vital probe of the processes of galaxy evolution. They are the remnants of the initial bouts of star formation during the collapse of the proto-galactic cloud, coupled with imprint of ancient and on-going accretion events. Previously, we have reported the tentative detection of a possible, faint, extended stellar halo in the Local Group spiral, the Triangulum Galaxy (M33). Read More

Affiliations: 1U. de Concepcion, Chile, 2U. de Concepcion, Chile, 3U. de Concepcion, Chile, 4Institute of Astronomy Cambridge, 5University of Californi Irvine, 6ETH-Zurich Switzerland, 7Department of Physics and Astronomy Rutgers, 8Department of Physics and Astronomy Rutgers, 9U. de Concepcion, Chile, 10Institute of Astronomy Cambridge, 11P. Universidad Catolica de Chile, 12Institute for Astronomy University of Hawaii

We present near-infrared integral-field spectroscopic observations targeting H$\alpha$ in eight sub-millimeter galaxies (SMGs) at $z$=1.3-2.5 using VLT/SINFONI, obtaining significant detections for six of them. Read More

The overall morphology and dynamics of magnetospheric substorms is well established in terms of the observed qualitative auroral features seen in ground-based magnetometers. This paper focuses on the quantitative characterization of substorm dynamics captured by ground-based magnetometer stations. We present the first analysis of substorms using dynamical networks obtained from the full available set of ground-based magnetometer observations in the Northern Hemisphere. Read More

Ion cyclotron emission (ICE) offers unique promise as a diagnostic of the fusion born alpha-particle population in magnetically confined plasmas. Pioneering observations from JET and TFTR found that ICE intensity $P_{ICE}$ scales approximately linearly with the measured neutron flux from fusion reactions, and with the inferred concentration, $n_\alpha/n_i$, of fusion-born alpha-particles confined within the plasma. We present fully nonlinear self-consistent kinetic simulations that reproduce this scaling for the first time. Read More

A fast Alfv\'en wave with finite amplitude is shown to grow by a stimulated emission process that we propose for exploitation in toroidal magnetically confined fusion plasmas. Stimulated emission occurs while the wave propagates inward through the outer mid-plane plasma, where a population inversion of the energy distribution of fusion-born ions is observed to arise naturally. Fully nonlinear first principles simulations, which self-consistently evolve particles and fields under the Maxwell-Lorentz system, demonstrate this novel "alpha-particle channelling" scenario for the first time. Read More

We investigate the utility of the convex hull of many Lagrangian tracers to analyze transport properties of turbulent flows with different anisotropy. In direct numerical simulations of statistically homogeneous and stationary Navier-Stokes turbulence, neutral fluid Boussinesq convection, and MHD Boussinesq convection a comparison with Lagrangian pair dispersion shows that convex hull statistics capture the asymptotic dispersive behavior of a large group of passive tracer particles. Moreover, convex hull analysis provides additional information on the sub-ensemble of tracers that on average disperse most efficiently in the form of extreme value statistics and flow anisotropy via the geometric properties of the convex hulls. Read More

Ly-alpha blobs (LABs) offer insight into the complex interface between galaxies and their circumgalactic medium. Whilst some LABs have been found to contain luminous star-forming galaxies and active galactic nuclei that could potentially power the Ly-alpha emission, others appear not to be associated with obvious luminous galaxy counterparts. It has been speculated that LABs may be powered by cold gas streaming on to a central galaxy, providing an opportunity to directly observe the `cold accretion' mode of galaxy growth. Read More

We present new VLA 22-GHz and e-MERLIN 5-GHz observations of CLASS B1030+074, a two-image strong gravitational lens system whose background source is a compact flat-spectrum radio quasar. In such systems we expect a third image of the background source to form close to the centre of the lensing galaxy. The existence and brightness of such images is important for investigation of the central mass distributions of lensing galaxies, but only one secure detection has been made so far in a galaxy-scale lens system. Read More

Submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) are among the most luminous dusty galaxies in the Universe, but their true nature remains unclear; are SMGs the progenitors of the massive elliptical galaxies we see in the local Universe, or are they just a short-lived phase among more typical star-forming galaxies? To explore this problem further, we investigate the clustering of SMGs identified in the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey. We use a catalogue of submillimetre ($850\mu$m) source identifications derived using a combination of radio counterparts and colour/IR selection to analyse a sample of 914 SMGs in the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey (UDS), making this the largest high redshift sample of these galaxies to date. Using angular cross-correlation techniques, we estimate the halo masses for this large sample of SMGs and compare them with passive and star-forming galaxies selected in the same field. Read More