# S. Berge - Univ. Hamburg

## Contact Details

NameS. Berge |
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AffiliationUniv. Hamburg |
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CityHamburg |
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CountryGermany |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (34) High Energy Physics - Experiment (16) |

## Publications Authored By S. Berge

The top-antitop energy asymmetry is a promising observable of the charge asymmetry in jet-associated top-quark pair production at the LHC. We present new predictions of the energy asymmetry in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV, including QCD corrections at the next-to-leading perturbative order. The effect of QCD corrections on the observable is moderate. Read More

We investigate how precisely the CP nature of the 125 GeV Higgs boson, parametrized by a scalar-pseudoscalar Higgs mixing angle, can be determined in Higgs-to-tau-pair decay with subsequent tau-lepton decays to charged prongs at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We combine two methods in order to define an observable which is sensitive to this scalar-pseudoscalar mixing angle: We use the rho-decay plane method for tau-to-rho decays and the impact parameter method for all other major tau decays. For estimating the precision with which the mixing angle can be measured at the LHC (13 TeV) we take into account the background from Drell-Yan production and perform a Monte Carlo simulation of measurement uncertainties on the signal and background distributions. Read More

We consider lepton-mass effects in the cascade decays $H\to Z(\to \ell^{+} \ell^{-})+Z^{\ast}(\to \tau^{+}\tau^{-})$ and $H\to W^{-}(\to \ell^{-}\bar \nu_{\ell})+W^{+\ast}(\to \tau^{+}\nu_{\tau})$. Since the scale of the problem is set by the off-shellness $q^{2}$ of the respective gauge bosons in the limits $(m_{\ell}+m_{\ell'})^{2} \le q^{2} \le (m_{H}-m_{W,Z})^{2}$ and not by $m_{W,Z}^{2}$, lepton-mass effects are non-negligible for the $\tau$ modes in particular close to the threshold of the off-shell decays. Lepton-mass effects show up e. Read More

The measurement of possible Higgs sector CP-violation in the tau decay channels at the LHC is investigated. A CP-violating effect would manifest itself in these decay modes in characteristic spin-spin correlations of the tau lepton pairs which can be accessed using the momenta and impact parameters of the charged tau decay particles. We examine a CP-sensitive observable for a 125 GeV Higgs boson resonance in the gluon fusion channel at the LHC. Read More

We investigate how precisely the CP nature of the 125 GeV Higgs boson resonance h can be unraveled at the LHC in its decays to tau pairs. We use a method which allows to determine the scalar-pseudoscalar Higgs mixing angle in this decay mode. This mixing angle can be extracted from the distribution of a signed angle, which we analyze for the major charged-prong tau decays. Read More

We investigate the discovery potential of light color-octet bosons in the mass range of 100 - 400 GeV in exclusive top-pair plus jet production at the LHC. We study the impact of such bosons on the incline, the energy and the rapidity asymmetries. We show that light axigluons with large couplings to quarks can be discovered at the LHC with a luminosity of a few inverse fb. Read More

**Authors:**K. Agashe, R. Erbacher, C. E. Gerber, K. Melnikov, R. Schwienhorst, A. Mitov, M. Vos, S. Wimpenny, J. Adelman, M. Baumgart, A. Garcia-Bellido, A. Loginov, A. Jung, M. Schulze, J. Shelton, N. Craig, M. Velasco, T. Golling, J. Hubisz, A. Ivanov, M. Perelstein, S. Chekanov, J. Dolen, J. Pilot, R. Pöschl, B. Tweedie, S. Alioli, B. Alvarez-Gonzalez, D. Amidei, T. Andeen, A. Arce, B. Auerbach, A. Avetisyan, M. Backovic, Y. Bai, M. Begel, S. Berge, C. Bernard, C. Bernius, S. Bhattacharya, K. Black, A. Blondel, K. Bloom, T. Bose, J. Boudreau, J. Brau, A. Broggio, G. Brooijmans, E. Brost, R. Calkins, D. Chakraborty, T. Childress, G. Choudalakis, V. Coco, J. S. Conway, C. Degrande, A. Delannoy, F. Deliot, L. Dell'Asta, E. Drueke, B. Dutta, A. Effron, K. Ellis, J. Erdmann, J. Evans, C. Feng, E. Feng, A. Ferroglia, K. Finelli, W. Flanagan, I. Fleck, A. Freitas, F. Garberson, R. Gonzalez Suarez, M. L. Graesser, N. Graf, Z. Greenwood, J. George, C. Group, A. Gurrola, G. Hammad, T. Han, Z. Han, U. Heintz, S. Hoeche, T. Horiguchi, I. Iashvili, A. Ismail, S. Jain, P. Janot, W. Johns, J. Joshi, A. Juste, T. Kamon, C. Kao, Y. Kats, A. Katz, M. Kaur, R. Kehoe, W. Keung, S. Khalil, A. Khanov, A. Kharchilava, N. Kidonakis, C. Kilic, N. Kolev, A. Kotwal, J. Kraus, D. Krohn, M. Kruse, A. Kumar, S. Lee, E. Luiggi, S. Mantry, A. Melo, D. Miller, G. Moortgat-Pick, M. Narain, N. Odell, Y. Oksuzian, M. Oreglia, A. Penin, Y. Peters, C. Pollard, S. Poss, H. B. Prosper S. Rappoccio, S. Redford, M. Reece, F. Rizatdinova, P. Roloff, R. Ruiz, M. Saleem, B. Schoenrock, C. Schwanenberger, T. Schwarz, K. Seidel, E. Shabalina, P. Sheldon, F. Simon, K. Sinha, P. Skands, P. Skubik, G. Sterman, D. Stolarski, J. Strube, J. Stupak, S. Su, M. Tesar, S. Thomas, E. Thompson, P. Tipton, E. Varnes, N. Vignaroli, J. Virzi, M. Vogel, D. Walker, K. Wang, B. Webber, J. D. Wells, S. Westhoff, D. Whiteson, M. Williams, S. Wu, U. Yang, H. Yokoya, H. Yoo, H. Zhang, N. Zhou, H. Zhu, J. Zupan

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Top Quark working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). Read More

**Authors:**S. Dawson, A. Gritsan, H. Logan, J. Qian, C. Tully, R. Van Kooten, A. Ajaib, A. Anastassov, I. Anderson, D. Asner, O. Bake, V. Barger, T. Barklow, B. Batell, M. Battaglia, S. Berge, A. Blondel, S. Bolognesi, J. Brau, E. Brownson, M. Cahill-Rowley, C. Calancha-Paredes, C. -Y. Chen, W. Chou, R. Clare, D. Cline, N. Craig, K. Cranmer, M. de Gruttola, A. Elagin, R. Essig, L. Everett, E. Feng, K. Fujii, J. Gainer, Y. Gao, I. Gogoladze, S. Gori, R. Goncalo, N. Graf, C. Grojean, S. Guindon, H. Haber, T. Han, G. Hanson, R. Harnik, S. Heinemeyer, U. Heintz, J. Hewett, Y. Ilchenko, A. Ishikawa, A. Ismail, V. Jain, P. Janot, S. Kanemura, S. Kawada, R. Kehoe, M. Klute, A. Kotwal, K. Krueger, G. Kukartsev, K. Kumar, J. Kunkle, M. Kurata, I. Lewis, Y. Li, L. Linssen, E. Lipeles, R. Lipton, T. Liss, J. List, T. Liu, Z. Liu, I. Low, T. Ma, P. Mackenzie, B. Mellado, K. Melnikov, A. Miyamoto, G. Moortgat-Pick, G. Mourou, M. Narain, H. Neal, J. Nielsen, N. Okada, H. Okawa, J. Olsen, H. Ono, P. Onyisi, N. Parashar, M. Peskin, F. Petriello, T. Plehn, C. Pollard, C. Potter, K. Prokofiev, M. Rauch, T. Rizzo, T. Robens, V. Rodriguez, P. Roloff, R. Ruiz, V. Sanz, J. Sayre, Q. Shafi, G. Shaughnessy, M. Sher, F. Simon, N. Solyak, J. Strube, J. Stupak, S. Su, T. Suehara, T. Tanabe, T. Tajima, V. Telnov, J. Tian, S. Thomas, M. Thomson, K. Tsumura, C. Un, M. Velasco, C. Wagner, S. Wang, S. Watanuki, G. Weiglein, A. Whitbeck, K. Yagyu, W. Yao, H. Yokoya, S. Zenz, D. Zerwas, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhou

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Higgs Boson working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). We identify the key elements of a precision Higgs physics program and document the physics potential of future experimental facilities as elucidated during the Snowmass study. We study Higgs couplings to gauge boson and fermion pairs, double Higgs production for the Higgs self-coupling, its quantum numbers and $CP$-mixing in Higgs couplings, the Higgs mass and total width, and prospects for direct searches for additional Higgs bosons in extensions of the Standard Model. Read More

We investigate the prospects of determining the CP nature of the 126 GeV neutral spin-0 (Higgs) boson h, discovered at the LHC, at a future linear collider. We consider the production of h by the Higgsstrahlung process and its subsequent decays to tau leptons. We investigate how precisely a possible pseudoscalar component of h can be detected by the measurement of a suitably defined angular distribution, if all major decay modes of the tau lepton are used. Read More

We investigate the discovery potential of the top-quark charge asymmetry at the LHC in top-antitop production in association with a hard jet. In this process, the charge asymmetry can be accessed via two novel observables: the incline asymmetry, which probes the quark-antiquark channel, and the energy asymmetry, which gives access to the quark-gluon channel. At 8 TeV collision energy, the significance for both observables is statistically limited. Read More

We propose two new observables to measure the charge asymmetry in hadronic top-quark pair production in association with a hard jet. The incline asymmetry, based on the inclination between the planes of initial- and final-state momenta, probes the charge asymmetry in the quark-antiquark channel. Compared to the hitherto investigated rapidity asymmetries, the incline asymmetry provides improved access to the partonic charge asymmetry at both the Tevatron and the LHC. Read More

We investigate the impact of parton distribution functions (PDFs) uncertainties on W/Z production at the LHC, concentrating on the strange quark PDF. Additionally we examine the extent to which precise measurements at the LHC can provide additional information on the proton flavor structure. Read More

Pairs of top and antitop quarks are produced at the LHC to a large extent in association with a hard jet. We investigate the charge asymmetry in top pair + jet production in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and with additional massive color-octet vector bosons. The total charge asymmetry at the LHC is suppressed by the large charge-symmetric background from gluon-gluon fusion. Read More

We investigate a method for determining the CP nature of a neutral Higgs boson or spin-zero resonance at a future linear e+e- collider (ILC) in its tau decay channel. Our procedure is applicable if the production vertex of the Higgs boson can be measured. This will be the case, for example, for the Higgs-strahlung process. Read More

Global analyses of Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) have provided incisive constraints on the up and down quark components of the proton, but constraining the other flavor degrees of freedom is more challenging. Higher-order theory predictions and new data sets have contributed to recent improvements. Despite these efforts, the strange quark PDF has a sizable uncertainty, particularly in the small x region. Read More

We study the effects of the complete supersymmetric QCD and electroweak one-loop corrections to the ttbar forward-backward asymmetry at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We work in the complex Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), only restricted by the condition of minimal flavor violation (MFV). We perform a comprehensive scan over the relevant parameter space of the complex MFV-MSSM and determine the maximal possible contributions of these MSSM loop corrections to the forward-backward asymmetry in the ttbar center-of-mass frame. Read More

We investigate how the CP quantum numbers of a neutral Higgs boson or spin-zero resonance, produced at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, can be determined in its tau-pair decay mode. We use a method developed in an earlier paper based on the distributions of two angles and apply it to the major 1-prong tau decays. We show for the resulting dilepton, lepton-pion, and two-pion final states that appropriate selection cuts significantly enhance the discriminating power of these observables. Read More

We propose a method for determining the CP nature of a neutral Higgs boson or spin-zero resonance $\phi$ at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in its $\phi\to\tau^{-}\tau^{+}$ decay channel. The method can be applied to any 1-prong $\tau$-decay mode, which comprise the majority of the $\tau$-lepton decays. The proposed observables allow to discriminate between pure scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs-boson states and/or between a CP-conserving and CP-violating Higgs sector. Read More

If neutral Higgs bosons will be discovered at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) then an important subsequent issue will be the investigation of their CP nature. Higgs boson decays into tau lepton pairs are particularly suited in this respect. Analyzing the three charged pion decay modes of the tau leptons and taking expected measurement uncertainties at the LHC into account, we show that the CP properties of a Higgs boson can be pinned down with appropriately chosen observables, provided that sufficiently large event numbers will eventually be available. Read More

**Authors:**C. E. Gerber, P. Murat, T. M. P. Tait, D. Wackeroth, A. Arbuzov, D. Bardin, U. Baur, J. A. Benitez, S. Berge, S. Bondarenko, E. E. Boos, M. T. Bowen, R. Brock, V. E. Bunichev, J. Campbell, F. Canelli, Q. -H. Cao, C. M. Carloni Calame, F. Chevallier, P. Christova, C. Ciobanu, S. Dittmaier, L. V. Dudko, S. D. Ellis, A. I. Etienvre, F. Fiedler, A. Garcia-Bellido, A. Giammanco, D. Glenzinski, P. Golonka, C. Hays, S. Jadach, S. Jain, L. Kalinovskaya, M. Kramer, A. Lleres, J. Luck, A. Lucotte, A. Markina, G. Montagna, P. M. Nadolsky, O. Nicrosini, F. I. Olness, W. Placzek, R. Sadykov, V. I. Savrin, R. Schwienhorst, A. V. Sherstnev, S. Slabospitsky, B. Stelzer, M. J. Strassler, Z. Sullivan, F. Tramontano, A. Vicini, W. Wagner, Z. Was, G. Watts, M. Weber, S. Willenbrock, U. K. Yang, C-P. Yuan, J. Zhu

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The top quark and electroweak bosons (W and Z) represent the most massive fundamental particles yet discovered, and as such refer directly to the Standard Model's greatest remaining mystery: the mechanism by which all particles gained mass. This report summarizes the work done within the top-ew group of the Tevatron-for-LHC workshop. It represents a collection of both Tevatron results, and LHC predictions. Read More

We study the effects of O(alpha_s) supersymmetric QCD (SQCD) corrections on the total production rate and kinematic distributions of polarized and unpolarized top-pair production in pp and p anti-p collisions. At the Fermilab Tevatron p anti-p collider, top-quark pairs are mainly produced via quark-antiquark annihilation, q anti-q -> t anti-t, while at the CERN LHC pp collider gluon-gluon scattering, g g -> t anti-t, dominates. We compute the complete set of O(alpha_s) SQCD corrections to both production channels and study their dependence on the parameters of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Read More

**Authors:**U. Aglietti, A. Belyaev, S. Berge, A. Blum, R. Bonciani, J. Cammin, M. Carena, S. Chivukula, H. Davoudiasl, S. Dawson, G. Degrassi, A. Dominguez, J. Donini, T. Dorigo, B. J. Field, T. Hahn, T. Han, S. Heinemeyer, S. Hesselbach, G. -Y. Huang, I. Iashvilli, C. B. Jackson, T. Junk, S. -W. Lee, H. E. Logan, F. Maltoni, B. Mellado, S. Moretti, S. Mrenna, P. M. Nadolsky, F. I. Olness, W. Quayle, J. Rathsman, L. Reina, E. H. Simmons, A. Sopczak, A. Vicini, D. Wackeroth, C. E. M. Wagner, G. Weiglein, G. Weiglein, S. Willenbrock, S. L. Wu, C. P. Yuan

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The search for Higgs bosons in both the standard model and its extensions is well under way at the Tevatron. As the integrated luminosity collected increases into the multiple inverse femptobarn range, these searches are becoming very interesting indeed. Meanwhile, the construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and its associated experiments at CERN are nearing completion. Read More

We evaluate the effect of the bottom-quark mass on resummed transverse momentum distributions of supersymmetric Higgs bosons at the Tevatron and LHC. The mass of the bottom quark acts as a non-negligible momentum scale at small transverse momenta and affects resummation of soft and collinear radiation in this region. The improved treatment of the b-quark mass and kinematical effects lead to observable modifications in the resummed predictions for both colliders. Read More

We evaluate the impact of heavy-quark masses on transverse momentum distributions of W, Z, and supersymmetric neutral Higgs bosons at the Tevatron and LHC. The masses of charm and bottom quarks act as non-negligible momentum scales at small transverse momentum, and affect resummation of soft and collinear radiation. We point out inconsistencies in the treatment of heavy-flavor channels at small transverse momentum in massless factorization schemes, and formulate small transverse momentum resummation in a general-mass variable flavor number factorization scheme. Read More

Analysis of semi-inclusive DIS hadroproduction suggests broadening of transverse momentum distributions at small x below 1E-3 ~ 1E-2 which can be modeled in the Collins-Soper-Sterman formalism by a modification of impact parameter dependent parton densities. We investigate these consequences for the production of electroweak bosons at the Tevatron and the LHC. If substantial small-x broadening is observed in forward Z boson production in the Tevatron Run-2, it will strongly affect the predicted q_T distributions for W and Z boson production at the LHC. Read More

**Authors:**CLIC Physics Working Group, E. Accomando, A. Aranda, E. Ateser, C. Balazs, D. Bardin, T. Barklow, M. Battaglia, W. Beenakker, S. Berge, G. Blair, E. Boos, F. Boudjema, H. Braun, P. Burikham, H. Burkhardt, M. Cacciari, O. Cakir, A. Ciftci, R. Ciftci, B. Cox, C. Da Via, A. Datta, S. De Curtis, A. De Roeck, M. Diehl, A. Djouadi, D. Dominici, J. Ellis, A. Ferrari, J. Forshaw, A. Frey, G. Giudice, R. Godbole, M. Gruwe, G. Guignard, T. Han, S. Heinemeyer, C. Heusch, J. Hewett, S. Jadach, P. Jarron, C. Kenney, Z. Kirca, M. Klasen, K. Kong, M. Kramer, S. Kraml, G. Landsberg, J. Lorenzo Diaz-Cruz, K. Matchev, G. Moortgat-Pick, M. Muhlleitner, O. Nachtmann, F. Nagel, K. Olive, G. Pancheri, L. Pape, S. Parker, M. Piccolo, W. Porod, E. Recepoglu, P. Richardson, T. Riemann, T. Rizzo, M. Ronan, C. Royon, L. Salmi, D. Schulte, R. Settles, T. Sjostrand, M. Spira, S. Sultansoy, V. Telnov, D. Treille, M. Velasco, C. Verzegnassi, G. Weiglein, J. Weng, T. Wengler, A. Werthenbach, G. Wilson, I. Wilson, F. Zimmermann

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

This report summarizes a study of the physics potential of the CLIC e+e- linear collider operating at centre-of-mass energies from 1 TeV to 5 TeV with luminosity of the order of 10^35 cm^-2 s^-1. First, the CLIC collider complex is surveyed, with emphasis on aspects related to its physics capabilities, particularly the luminosity and energy, and also possible polarization, \gamma\gamma and e-e- collisions. The next CLIC Test facility, CTF3, and its R&D programme are also reviewed. Read More

Analysis of semi-inclusive DIS hadroproduction suggests broadening of transverse momentum distributions at $x$ below a few $10^{-3}$, which can be modeled in the Collins-Soper-Sterman formalism by a modification of impact-parameter-dependent parton densities. We discuss the consequences of such a modification for the production of electroweak bosons at hadron-hadron colliders. If substantial small-$x$ broadening is observed in forward Z boson production in the Tevatron Run-2, it will strongly affect predicted transverse momentum distributions for W, Z, and Higgs boson production at the Large Hadron Collider. Read More

**Authors:**M. Dobbs, S. Frixione, E. Laenen, A. De Roeck, K. Tollefson, J. Andersen, C. Balazs, A. Banfi, S. Berge, W. Bernreuther, T. Binoth, A. Brandenburg, C. Buttar, Q-H. Cao, G. Corcella, A. Cruz, I. Dawson, V. Del Duca, V. Drollinger, L. Dudko, T. Eynck, R. Field, M. Grazzini, J. P. Guillet, G. Heinrich, J. Huston, N. Kauer, N. Kidonakis, A. Kulesza, K. Lassila-Perini, L. Magnea, F. Mahmoudi, E. Maina, F. Maltoni, M. Nolten, A. Moraes, S. Moretti, S. Mrenna, P. Nadolsky, Z. Nagy, F. Olness, I. Puljak, D. A. Ross, A. Sabio-Vera, G. P. Salam, A. Sherstnev, Z. G. Si, T. Sjostrand, P. Skands, E. Thome, Z. Trocsanyi, P. Uwer, S. Weinzierl, C. P. Yuan, G. Zanderighi

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

This report documents the results obtained by the Working Group on Quantum Chromodynamics and the Standard Model for the Workshop `Physics at TeV Colliders'', Les Houches, France, 26 May - 6 June 2003. After a Monte Guide description, the first contributions report on progress in describing multiple interactions, important for the LHC, and underlying events. An announcement of a Monte Carlo database, under construction, is then followed by a number of contributions improving parton shower descriptions. Read More

Analysis of small-x semi-inclusive DIS hadroproduction suggests that multiple parton radiation leads to a broadening of transverse momentum distributions beyond that predicted by a straightforward calculation in the Collins-Soper-Sterman formalism. This effect can be modeled by a modification of the resummed form factor in the small-x region. We discuss the impact of such a modification on the production of electroweak bosons at hadron-hadron colliders. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Hamburg,

^{2}Univ. Hamburg

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We confront the generally small cross sections for gluino pair production in e^+e^- annihilation with the much larger ones in photon-photon scattering at a multi-TeV linear collider like CERN CLIC. The larger rates and the steeper rise of the cross section at threshold may allow for a precise gluino mass determination in high-energy photon-photon collisions for a wide range of squark masses and post-LEP SUSY benchmark points. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Hamburg,

^{2}Univ. Hamburg

We study the potential of high-energy photon colliders for the production of gluino pairs within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). In this model, the process gamma gamma -> gluino gluino is mediated by quark/squark box diagrams with enhancements for up-type quarks/squarks from their larger charges and for third generation squarks from their large mass splittings, generated by the mixing of left- and right-handed states. Far above threshold and in scenarios with very heavy squarks, resolved photons can contribute significantly at tree level. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Hamburg,

^{2}Univ. Hamburg

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the process e+ e- -> gluino gluino is mediated by quark/squark loops, dominantly of the third generation, where the mixing of left- and right-handed states can become large. Taking into account realistic beam polarization effects, photon and Z0-boson exchange, and current mass exclusion limits, we scan the MSSM parameter space for various e+e- center-of-mass energies to determine the regions, where gluino production should be visible. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Hamburg University,

^{2}Hamburg University

We study the potential of high-energy linear $e^+e^-$ colliders for the production of gluino pairs within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). In this model, the process $e^+e^-\to\tilde{g}\tilde{g}$ is mediated by quark/squark loops, dominantly of the third generation, where the mixing of left- and right-handed states can become large. Taking into account realistic beam polarization effects, photon and $Z^0$-boson exchange, and current mass exclusion limits, we scan the MSSM parameter space for various $e^+e^-$ center-of-mass energies to determine the regions, where gluino production should be visible. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Hamburg University,

^{2}Hamburg University,

^{3}Hamburg University

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We calculate total and differential cross sections for the production of sfermion pairs in photon-photon collisions, including contributions from resolved photons and arbitrary photon polarization. Sfermion production in photon collisions depends only on the sfermion mass and charge. It is thus independent of the details of the SUSY breaking mechanism, but highly sensitive to the sfermion charge. Read More