Rui Yan - Shandong University

Rui Yan
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Rui Yan
Shandong University

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (31)
Nuclear Theory (24)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (21)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (14)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (11)
Nuclear Experiment (9)
Computer Science - Learning (4)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (3)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (2)
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (2)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (2)
Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Rui Yan

Distant supervision significantly reduces human efforts in building training data for many classification tasks. While promising, this technique often introduces noise to the generated training data, which can severely affect the model performance. In this paper, we take a deep look at the application of distant supervision in relation extraction. Read More

Sentence simplification reduces semantic complexity to benefit people with language impairments. Previous simplification studies on the sentence level and word level have achieved promising results but also meet great challenges. For sentence-level studies, sentences after simplification are fluent but sometimes are not really simplified. Read More

In the framework of the color-magnetic interaction, we have systematically studied the mass splittings of the possible hidden-charm pentaquarks $qqqc\bar{c}$ ($q=u,d,s$) where the three light quarks are in a color-octet state. We find that i) the LHCb $P_c$ states fall in the mass region of the studied system; ii) most pentaquarks should be broad states since their $S$-wave open-charm decays are allowed while the lowest state is the $J^P=\frac12^-$ $\Lambda$-like pentaquark with probably the suppressed $\eta_c\Lambda$ decay mode only; and iii) the $J^P=\frac52^-$ states do not decay through $S$-wave and their widths are not so broad. The masses and widths of the two LHCb $P_c$ baryons are compatible with such pentaquark states. Read More

Open-domain human-computer conversation has been attracting increasing attention over the past few years. However, there does not exist a standard automatic evaluation metric for open-domain dialog systems; researchers usually resort to human annotation for model evaluation, which is time- and labor-intensive. In this paper, we propose RUBER, a Referenced metric and Unreferenced metric Blended Evaluation Routine, which evaluates a reply by taking into consideration both a groundtruth reply and a query (previous user utterance). Read More

Emoji is an essential component in dialogues which has been broadly utilized on almost all social platforms. It could express more delicate feelings beyond plain texts and thus smooth the communications between users, making dialogue systems more anthropomorphic and vivid. In this paper, we focus on automatically recommending appropriate emojis given the contextual information in multi-turn dialogue systems, where the challenges locate in understanding the whole conversations. Read More

Open-domain human-computer conversation has attracted much attention in the field of NLP. Contrary to rule- or template-based domain-specific dialog systems, open-domain conversation usually requires data-driven approaches, which can be roughly divided into two categories: retrieval-based and generation-based systems. Retrieval systems search a user-issued utterance (called a query) in a large database, and return a reply that best matches the query. Read More

The non-relativistic wave function framework is applied to study the production and decay of the exotic hadrons which can be effectively described as bound states of other hadrons. Employing the factorized formulation, we investigate the production of exotic hadrons in the multiproduction processes at high energy hadronic colliders with the help of event generators. This study provides crucial information for the measurements of the relevant exotic hadrons. Read More

In human-computer conversation systems, the context of a user-issued utterance is particularly important because it provides useful background information of the conversation. However, it is unwise to track all previous utterances in the current session as not all of them are equally important. In this paper, we address the problem of session segmentation. Read More

Since the discovery of the first charmed meson in 1976, many open-charm and open-bottom hadrons were observed. In 2003 two narrow charm-strange states $D_{s0}^*(2317)$ and $D_{s1}(2460)$ were discovered by the BaBar and CLEO Collaborations, respectively. After that, more excited heavy hadrons were reported. Read More

In the framework of the color-magnetic interaction, we systematically investigate the mass splittings of the $QQ\bar{Q}\bar{q}$ tetraquark states and estimated their rough masses in this work. These systems include the explicitly exotic states $cc\bar{b}\bar{q}$ and $bb\bar{c}\bar{q}$ and the hidden exotic states $cc\bar{c}\bar{q}$, $cb\bar{b}\bar{q}$, $bc\bar{c}\bar{q}$, and $bb\bar{b}\bar{q}$. If a state around the estimated mass region could be observed, its nature as a genuine tetraquark is favored. Read More

In the simple color-magnetic interaction model, we investigate possible ground $cs\bar{c}\bar{s}$ tetraquark states in the diquark-antidiquark basis. We use several methods to estimate the mass spectrum and discuss possible assignment for the $X$ states observed in the $J/\psi\phi$ channel. We find that assigning the Belle $X(4350)$ as a $0^{++}$ tetraquark is consistent with the tetraquark interpretation for the $X(4140)$ and $X(4270)$ while the interpretation of the $X(4500)$ and $X(4700)$ needs orbital or radial excitation. Read More

We construct the three-flavor Lorentz-invariant meson-baryon chiral Lagrangians at the order $p^4$, with which a full one-loop investigation may be performed. One obtains 540 independent terms. The processes with the minimal number of mesons and photons that this order Lagrangians may contribute to are also presented. Read More

Using neural networks to generate replies in human-computer dialogue systems is attracting increasing attention over the past few years. However, the performance is not satisfactory: the neural network tends to generate safe, universally relevant replies which carry little meaning. In this paper, we propose a content-introducing approach to neural network-based generative dialogue systems. Read More

In the framework of the color-magnetic interaction, we systematically investigate the mass spectrum of the tetraquark states composed of four heavy quarks with the $QQ\bar Q\bar Q$ configuration in this work. We also discuss their strong decay patterns, which shall be helpful to the experimental search for these exotic states. Read More

Existing open-domain human-computer conversation systems are typically passive: they either synthesize or retrieve a reply provided a human-issued utterance. It is generally presumed that humans should take the role to lead the conversation and introduce new content when a stalemate occurs, and that the computer only needs to "respond." In this paper, we propose StalemateBreaker, a conversation system that can proactively introduce new content when appropriate. Read More

In Cone-Beam CT (CBCT) imaging systems, the scattering phenomenon has a significant impact on the reconstructed image and is a long-lasting research topic on CBCT. In this paper, we propose a simple, novel and fast approach for mitigating scatter artifacts and increasing the image contrast in CBCT, belonging to the category of convolution-based method in which the projected data is de-convolved with a convolution kernel. A key step in this method is how to determine the convolution kernel. Read More

Transfer learning is aimed to make use of valuable knowledge in a source domain to help model performance in a target domain. It is particularly important to neural networks, which are very likely to be overfitting. In some fields like image processing, many studies have shown the effectiveness of neural network-based transfer learning. Read More

Stimulated by the recent observation of the $X(5568)$, we study the $X(5568)$ and its partners under the tetraquark scenario. In the framework of the color-magnetic interaction, we estimate the masses of the partner states of the $X(5568)$ and discuss their decay pattern, which provide valuable information on the future experimental search of these states. Read More

In this paper, we propose the TBCNN-pair model to recognize entailment and contradiction between two sentences. In our model, a tree-based convolutional neural network (TBCNN) captures sentence-level semantics; then heuristic matching layers like concatenation, element-wise product/difference combine the information in individual sentences. Experimental results show that our model outperforms existing sentence encoding-based approaches by a large margin. Read More

Recent language models, especially those based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs), make it possible to generate natural language from a learned probability. Language generation has wide applications including machine translation, summarization, question answering, conversation systems, etc. Existing methods typically learn a joint probability of words conditioned on additional information, which is (either statically or dynamically) fed to RNN's hidden layer. Read More

In this work, we study the $T\bar{T}$-type molecular systems systematically via one pion exchange model, where $T$ denotes the narrow $J^P=1^+$ $D_1$ meson or $2^+$ $D_2^*$ meson and $\bar{T}$ is its antiparticle. With the effective potentials, we try to find the bound state solutions of the corresponding systems, which provide crucial information of whether there exist the $T\bar{T}$-type molecular states. According to our analysis, we predict some $T\bar{T}$-type molecular states which may be accessible at future experiments like LHCb and forthcoming BelleII. Read More

Affiliations: 1Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, The institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 5Shandong University
Category: Nuclear Theory

A potential model for the interaction between a charmed baryon ($\Lambda_c$, $\Sigma_c$, and $\Sigma_c^*$) and the nucleon ($N$) is constructed. The model contains a long-range meson ($\pi$ and $\sigma$) exchange part and a short-distance quark exchange part. The quark cluster model is used to evaluate the short-range repulsion and a monopole type form factor is introduced to the long-range potential to reflect the extended structure of hadrons. Read More

In this paper, we address two challenging problems in unsupervised subspace learning: 1) how to automatically identify the feature dimension of the learned subspace (i.e., automatic subspace learning), and 2) how to learn the underlying subspace in the presence of Gaussian noise (i. Read More

Spatial Pyramid Matching (SPM) and its variants have achieved a lot of success in image classification. The main difference among them is their encoding schemes. For example, ScSPM incorporates Sparse Code (SC) instead of Vector Quantization (VQ) into the framework of SPM. Read More

The doubly charmed hadron production at B factories is of special importance for the study of the hadron structure and the color connections before hadronization. To suppress the combination background fluctuations of the reconstructed hadron mass spectra, we suggest a three-jet event shape trigger. After these three jets are identified by their energy and angular distributions, it is found that: 1) The background process $e^+ e^- \to c\bar {c} \to h's$ in consideration of the final hadron system $\Lambda_c^+K^-\pi^+ +X$ are significantly suppressed. Read More

By studying the spin structure of an S-wave meson-antimeson system in the heavy quark limit, we find two selection rules for the $c\bar{c}$ spin $J_{c\bar{c}}$ being only 1: (a) $J=min(J_\ell)-1$ or $J=max(J_\ell)+1$; (b) $J^C=1^+,2^-,3^+,\cdots$ if the two mesons are different but belong to the same doublet. Here $J_\ell$ is the total angular momentum of the light degree of freedom. The rules may constrain decay channels of a meson-antimeson molecule or resonance. Read More

In the heavy quark limit, we discuss the spin of the charm-anticharm pair $J_{c\bar{c}}$ in an S-wave meson-antimeson molecule or resonance. One finds two cases that $J_{c\bar{c}}$ cannot be 0: (a) $J=|j_2-j_4|-1$ or $J=j_2+j_4+1$ where $J$ is the total spin of the system and $j_2$ ($j_4$) is the total angular momentum of the light degree of freedom in a charmed meson (antimeson); (b) $J^C=1^+,2^-,3^+,.. Read More

The confirmation of charged charmonium-like states indiates that heavy quark molecules should exist. We here discuss the possibility of a molecule state with $J^{PC}=3^{-+}$. In a one-boson-exchange model investigation for the S wave $C=+$ $D^*\bar{D}_2^*$ states, one finds that the strongest attraction is in the case $J=3$ and $I=0$ for both $\pi$ and $\sigma$ exchanges. Read More

Structure and production of doubly charmed tetraquarks T_cc (cc ubar dbar) are studied from the viewpoint of color configurations. Based on the diquark correlation, the tetraquark T_cc with I(JP)=0(1+) is considered to be stable against strong decay. We discuss that the mixing probability of color antitriplet and sextet cc components in T_cc is suppressed by 1/m_c^2, so the two configurations are separately realized in the heavy quark limit. Read More

Possible $\Lambda_c\Lambda_c$ hadronic molecule is investigated in the one-pion-exchange potential model. In the study with this model, the heavier meson exchange effects are encoded into a phenomenological cutoff parameter and couplings to the nearby $\Sigma_c\Sigma_c$, $\Sigma_c\Sigma_c^*$, and $\Sigma_c^*\Sigma_c^*$ channels are essential. From the numerical results, we find that a molecular bound state of two $\Lambda_c$'s is possible, where the tensor force plays a crucial role, although the binding energies are sensitive to the cutoff parameter. Read More

We have systematically studied the S-wave pseudoscalar meson and heavy vector meson scattering lengths to the third order with the chiral perturbation theory, which will be helpful to reveal their strong interaction. For comparison, we have presented the numerical results of the scattering lengths (1) in the framework of the heavy meson chiral perturbation theory and (2) in the framework of the infrared regularization. The chiral expansion converges well in some channels. Read More

The one-boson exchange potential model for $\Lambda_cN$ is constructed and the possibility of $\Lambda_cN$ bound states is examined. We consider an effective Lagrangian for the charmed baryons, $\Lambda_c$, $\Sigma_c$, and $\Sigma_c^*$, reflecting the heavy quark symmetry, chiral symmetry, and hidden local symmetry. We determine the coupling constants using various methods. Read More

We have systematically calculated the S-wave pseudoscalar meson and decuplet baryon scattering lengths to the third order in the small scale expansion scheme of the heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory. We hope the future study may test the framework and the present predictions. Read More

S and P wave $D\bar{D}$ scatterings are studied in a meson exchange model with the coupling constants obtained in the heavy quark effective theory. With the extracted P wave phase shifts and the separable potential approximation, we include the $D\bar{D}$ rescattering effect and investigate the production process $e^+e^-\to D\bar{D}$. We find that it is difficult to explain the anomalous line shape observed by the BES collaboration with this mechanism. Read More

We investigated the bound state problem of the S wave charged $D_1 \bar{D}^*$ ($D_1' \bar{D}^*$) system in a chiral quark model by solving the resonating group method equation. Our preliminary study does not favor the molecular assumption of $Z^+(4430)$. On the contrary, if $Z^+(4430)$ is really a molecule, its partner with opposite $G$-parity should also exist and probably may be found in the $\pi^+\eta_c(2S)$, $J/\psi \pi^+\pi^0$, or $\psi'\pi^+\pi^0$ channel. Read More

We have performed a systematical calculation of the pion ($\pi, K, \eta$) and heavy pseudoscalar meson S-wave scattering lengths up to ${\cal O}(p^3)$ in the chiral perturbation theory in the heavy quark symmetry limit. With the three scattering lengths from the lattice simulations as input we estimate the unknown low-energy constants. Then we predict all the other unmeasured scattering lengths. Read More

We investigated systematically whether the S-wave ($\bar{Q}q$) meson and the ($Q\bar{q}$) meson may form S-wave bound states in a chiral SU(3) quark model by solving the resonating group method equation. Here $Q=c$ or $b$ and $q=u$, $d$ or $s$. Our preliminary calculation disfavors the existence of $I=\frac12$ ($\bar{Q}l$)-($Q\bar{s}$) molecules ($l=u,d$) while favors the existence of isoscalar $B\bar{B}$, $B^*\bar{B}^*$ (J=2) and $B\bar{B}^*$ (C=+) molecules. Read More

We perform a systematic study of the possible molecular states composed of a pair of heavy mesons such as $D\bar D$, $D^\ast\bar D$, $D^\ast \bar D^\ast$ in the framework of the meson exchange model. The exchanged mesons include the pseudoscalar, scalar and vector mesons. Through our investigation, we find that (1) the structure X(3764) is not a molecular state; (2) There exists strong attraction in the range $r < 1$ fm for the $D^*\bar D^*$ system with $J=0, 1$. Read More

The bound state problem of $D^0\bar{D}^{\ast0}$ ($\bar{D}^0{D}^{\ast0}$) is relevant to the molecular interpretation of the X(3872). We investigated this problem in a chiral quark model by solving the resonating group method equation. We found the system is unbound through S-wave $\pi$ and $\sigma$ interactions. Read More

We reexamine whether $Z^+(4430)$ could be a $D_1'-{D}^*$ or $D_1-{D}^*$ molecular state after considering both the pion and $\sigma$ meson exchange potentials and introducing the form factor to take into account the structure effect of the interaction vertex. Our numerical analysis with Matlab package MATSLISE indicates the contribution from the sigma meson exchange is small for the $D_1'-{D}^*$ system and significant for the $D_1-{D}^*$ system. The S-wave $D_1-\bar{D}^*$ molecular state with only $J^{P}=0^-$ and $D_1'-{D}^*$ molecular states with $J^P=0^-,1^-,2^-$ may exist with reasonable parameters. Read More

In this talk, we review our recent work about the dynamical studies of $Z^+(4430)$ and X(3872). $Z^+(4430)$ can not be explained as a $D_1'D^*$ or $D_1D^*$ molecular state only considering one pion exchange potential without the cutoff, which needs to be confirmed by introducing sigma exchange potential and adding the cutoff in the effective potential. One also excludes the possibility of X(3872) as a $DD^*$ molecular state by one pion and one sigma exchanges with the cutoff. Read More

After taking into account both the pion and sigma meson exchange potential, we have performed a dynamical calculation of the $D^0\bar{D}^{\ast0}$ system. The $\sigma$ meson exchange potential is repulsive from heavy quark symmetry and numerically important for a loosely bound system. Our analysis disfavors the interpretation of X(3872) as a loosely bound molecular state if we use the experimental $D^\ast D\pi$ coupling constant $g=0. Read More

Because the nucleon may be excited and transformed into a virtual $\Delta$ resonance easily, we consider the decuplet contribution to the parity-violating (PV) nucleon-nucleon interaction in the chiral effective field theory. The effective PV nucleon-nucleon potential is derived without introducing any unknown coupling constants. Read More

Since $Z^+(4430)$ lies very close to the threshold of $D^\ast{\bar D}_1$, we investigate whether $Z^+(4430)$ could be a loosely bound S-wave state of $D^\ast{\bar D}_1$ or $D^\ast{\bar D}^\prime_1$ with $J^P=0^-, 1^-, 2^-$, i.e., a molecular state arising from the one-pion-exchange potential. Read More

Recently CDF and D0 collaborations observed several bottom baryons. In this work we perform a systematic study of the masses of bottom baryons up to $1/m_Q$ in the framework of heavy quark effective field theory (HQET) using the QCD sum rule approach. The extracted chromo-magnetic splitting between the bottom baryon heavy doublet agrees well with the experimental data. Read More

We present preliminary results of particle-in-cell simulations of collisionless magnetic reconnection for conditions that apply to magnetically dominated pair plasma jets such as those in gamma-ray bursts. We find similar behaviour to previous authors but with reduced reconnection efficiency. This results because we include the full electromagnetic field dynamically and allow electric field fluctuations to grow. Read More

We calculate decuplet contributions to the s-wave pseudoscalar meson octet-baryon scattering lengths to the third order in heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory (HB$\chi$PT). Using experimental pion-nucleon and kaon-nucleon scattering lengths as inputs, we determine low-energy constants and predict other meson-baryon scattering lengths. Numerically we consider three cases: (1) the case with only baryon octet contributions; (2) with decuplet contributions and (3) in the large N_c limit. Read More

We calculate the chiral corrections to the s-wave pseudoscalar meson octet-baryon scattering lengths $a_{MB}$ to ${\cal O}(p^3)$ in the SU(3) heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory (HB$\chi$PT). Hopefully the obtained analytical expressions will be helpful in the chiral extrapolation of these scattering lengths in the future lattice simulation. Read More