Rufus Willett

Rufus Willett
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Mathematics - Operator Algebras (20)
 
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (12)
 
Mathematics - Group Theory (9)
 
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (8)
 
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (4)
 
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (3)
 
Mathematics - Representation Theory (3)
 
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (2)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (1)
 
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)

Publications Authored By Rufus Willett

Uniform Roe algebras are $C^*$-algebras associated to discrete metric spaces: as well as forming a natural class of $C^*$-algebras in their own right, they have important applications in coarse geometry, dynamics, and higher index theory. The goal of this paper is to study when uniform Roe algebras have certain $C^*$-algebraic properties in terms of properties of the underlying space: in particular, we study properties like having stable rank one or real rank zero that are thought of as low dimensional, and connect these to low dimensionality of the underlying space in the sense of the asymptotic dimension of Gromov. Some of these results (for example, on stable rank one and cancellation) give definitive characterizations, while others (on real rank zero) are only partial and leave a lot open. Read More

Based on the localization algebras of Yu, and their subsequent analysis by Qiao and Roe, we give a new picture of KK-theory in terms of time-parametrized families of (locally) compact operators that asymptotically commute with appropriate representations. Read More

In earlier work the authors introduced dynamic asymptotic dimension, a notion of dimension for topological dynamical systems that is finite for many interesting examples. In this paper, we use finiteness of dynamic asymptotic dimension of an action to get information on the K-theory of the associated crossed product C*-algebra: specifically, we give a new proof of the Baum-Connes conjecture for such actions. The key tool is controlled K-theory, as developed by Oyono-Oyono and the third author. Read More

We introduce the concept of Roe C*-algebra for a locally compact groupoid whose unit space is in general not compact, and that is equipped with an appropriate coarse structure and Haar system. Using Connes' tangent groupoid method, we introduce an analytic index for an elliptic differential operator on a Lie groupoid equipped with additional metric structure, which takes values in the K-theory of the Roe C*-algebra. We apply our theory to derive a Lichnerowicz type vanishing result for foliations on open manifolds. Read More

We introduce dynamic asymptotic dimension, a notion of dimension for actions of discrete groups on locally compact spaces, and more generally for locally compact \'etale groupoids. We study our notion for minimal actions of the integer group, its relation with conditions used by Bartels, L\"uck, and Reich in the context of controlled topology, and its connections with Gromov's theory of asymptotic dimension. We also show that dynamic asymptotic dimension gives bounds on the nuclear dimension of Winter and Zacharias for C*-algebras associated to dynamical systems. Read More

An exotic crossed product is a way of associating a C*-algebra to each C*-dynamical system that generalizes the well-known universal and reduced crossed products. Exotic crossed products provide natural generalizations of, and tools to study, exotic group C*-algebras as recently considered by Brown-Guentner and others. They also form an essential part of a recent program to reformulate the Baum-Connes conjecture with coefficients so as to mollify the counterexamples caused by failures of exactness. Read More

We construct a locally compact groupoid with the properties in the title. Our example is based closely on constructions used by Higson, Lafforgue, and Skandalis in their work on counterexamples to the Baum-Connes conjecture. It is a bundle of countable groups over the one point compactification of the natural numbers, and is Hausdorff, second countable and \'{e}tale. Read More

We study general properties of exotic crossed-product functors and characterise those which extend to functors on equivariant C*-algebra categories based on correspondences. We show that every such functor allows the construction of a descent in KK-theory and we use this to show that all crossed products by correspondence functors of K-amenable groups are KK-equivalent. We also show that for second countable groups the minimal exact Morita compatible crossed-product functor used in the new formulation of the Baum-Connes conjecture by Baum, Guentner and Willett extends to correspondences when restricted to separable G-C*-algebras. Read More

We extend the limit operator machinery of Rabinovich, Roch, and Silbermann from $\mathbb{Z}^N$ to (bounded geometry, strongly) discrete metric spaces. We do not assume the presence of any group structure or action on our metric spaces. Using this machinery and recent ideas of Lindner and Seidel, we show that if a metric space X has Yu's property A, then a band-dominated operator on X is Fredholm if and only if all of its limit operators are invertible. Read More

This paper studies higher index theory for a random sequence of bounded degree, finite graphs with diameter tending to infinity. We show that in a natural model for such random sequences the following hold almost surely: the coarse Baum-Connes assembly map is injective; the coarse Baum-Connes assembly map is not surjective; the maximal coarse Baum-Connes assembly map is an isomorphism. These results are closely tied to issues of expansion in graphs: in particular, we also show that such random sequences almost surely do not have geometric property (T), a strong form of expansion. Read More

This paper discusses `geometric property (T)'. This is a property of metric spaces introduced in earlier work of the authors for its applications to K-theory. Geometric property (T) is a strong form of `expansion property': in particular for a sequence of finite graphs $(X_n)$, it is strictly stronger than $(X_n)$ being an expander in the sense that the Cheeger constants $h(X_n)$ are bounded below. Read More

We reformulate the Baum-Connes conjecture with coefficients by introducing a new crossed product functor for C*-algebras. All confirming examples for the original Baum-Connes conjecture remain confirming examples for the reformulated conjecture, and at present there are no known counterexamples to the reformulated conjecture. Moreover, some of the known expander-based counterexamples to the original Baum-Connes conjecture become confirming examples for our reformulated conjecture. Read More

We show that a bounded geometry metric space X has property A if and only if all ghost operators on X are compact. Read More

The aim of this paper is to introduce an approach to the (strong) Novikov conjecture based on continuous families of finite dimensional representations: this is partly inspired by ideas of Lusztig using the Atiyah-Singer families index theorem, and partly by Carlsson's deformation $K$--theory. Using this approach, we give new proofs of the strong Novikov conjecture in several interesting cases, including crystallographic groups and surface groups. The method presented here is relatively accessible compared with other proofs of the Novikov conjecture, and also yields some information about the $K$--theory and cohomology of representation spaces. Read More

The main results of this paper show that various coarse (`large scale') geometric properties are closely related. In particular, we show that property A implies the operator norm localisation property, and thus that norms of operators associated to a very large class of metric spaces can be effectively estimated. The main tool is a new property called uniform local amenability. Read More

Gong, Wang and Yu introduced a maximal, or universal, version of the Roe C*-algebra associated to a metric space. We study the relationship between this maximal Roe algebra and the usual version, in both the uniform and non-uniform cases. The main result is that if a (uniformly discrete, bounded geometry) metric space X coarsely embeds in a Hilbert space, then the canonical map between the maximal and usual (uniform) Roe algebras induces an isomorphism on K-theory. Read More

Roe algebras are C*-algebras built using large-scale (or 'coarse') aspects of a metric space (X,d). In the special case that X=G is a finitely generated group and d is a word metric, the simplest Roe algebra associated to (G,d) is isomorphic to the reduced crossed product C*-algebra l^\infty(G)\rtimes G. Roe algebras are 'coarse invariants', in the sense that if X and Y are coarsely equivalent metric spaces, then their Roe algebras are isomorphic. Read More

In this paper, the first of a series of two, we continue the study of higher index theory for expanders. We prove that if a sequence of graphs is an expander and the girth of the graphs tends to infinity, then the coarse Baum-Connes assembly map is injective, but not surjective, for the associated metric space $X$. Expanders with this girth property are a necessary ingredient in the construction of the so-called `Gromov monster' groups that (coarsely) contain expanders in their Cayley graphs. Read More

In this paper, the second of a series of two, we continue the study of higher index theory for expanders. We prove that if a sequence of graphs has girth tending to infinity, then the maximal coarse Baum-Connes assembly map is an isomorphism for the associated metric space $X$. As discussed in the first paper in this series, this has applications to the Baum-Connes conjecture for `Gromov monster' groups. Read More

Withdrawn due to a likely error with the homeomorphism at line (4). Old abstract: In the monograph 'Limit Operators and their Applications in Operator Theory', the authors define the operator spectrum of a band-dominated operator T and prove that T is Fredholm if and only if all of the operators in its operator spectrum are invertible with uniformly bounded inverses. They also ask whether the uniform boundedness condition can in fact be dispensed with. Read More

We provide an expository account of Guoliang Yu's property A. The piece starts from the basic definitions, and goes on to discuss closure properties of the class of property A spaces (and groups) and the relationship of property A to coarse embeddability problems, operator theory, and amenability. It finishes with some examples of non-property A spaces. Read More