# Roman Zwicky

## Contact Details

NameRoman Zwicky |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (42) High Energy Physics - Experiment (10) High Energy Physics - Theory (9) High Energy Physics - Lattice (6) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) Mathematical Physics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Roman Zwicky

Precision measurements of flavour observables provide powerful tests of many extensions of the Standard Model. This contribution covers a range of flavour measurements of $b\to s\ell^+\ell^-$ transitions, several of which are in tension with the Standard Model of particle physics, as well as their theoretical interpretation. The basics of the theoretical background are discussed before turning to the main question of the field: whether the anomalies can be explained by QCD effects or whether they may be indicators of effects beyond the Standard Model. Read More

We investigate a recently proposed UV-complete composite Higgs scenario in the light of the first LHC runs. The model is based on a SU(4) gauge group with global flavour symmetry breaking SU(5)$\to$ SO(5), giving rise to pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons in addition to the Higgs doublet. This includes a real and a complex electroweak triplet with exotic electric charges. Read More

An important aspect of Weyl anomalies is that they encode information on the irreversibility of the renormalisation group flow. We consider, $\Delta \bar b = \bar{b}^{\textrm{UV}} - \bar{b}^{\textrm{IR}}$, the difference of the ultraviolet and infrared value of the $\Box R$-term of the Weyl anomaly. The quantity is related to the fourth moment of the trace of the energy momentum tensor correlator for theories which are conformal at both ends. Read More

Several UV complete models of physics beyond the Standard Model are currently under scrutiny, their low-energy dynamics being compared with the experimental data from the LHC. Lattice simulations can play a role in these studies by providing a first principles computations of the low-energy constants that describe this low-energy dynamics. In this work, we study in detail a specific model recently proposed by Ferretti, and discuss the potential impact of lattice calculations. Read More

We consider ${\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric gauge theories in the conformal window. By applying a suitable matter superfield rescaling and a Weyl-transformation the renormalisation group running (matter and gauge field $Z$-factors) are absorbed into the metric. The latter becomes a function of the $Z$-factors. Read More

Two and three point functions of composite operators are analysed with regard
to (logarithmically) divergent contact terms. Using the renormalisation group
of dimensional regularisation it is established that the divergences are
governed by the anomalous dimensions of the operators and the leading
UV-behaviour of the $1/\epsilon$-coefficient. Explicit examples are given by
the $

In these lectures we provide a basic introduction into the topic of dispersion relation and analyticity. The properties of 2-point functions are discussed in some detail from the viewpoint of the K\"all\'en-Lehmann and general dispersion relations. The Weinberg sum rules figure as an application. Read More

We consider ${\cal N} =1$ supersymmetric gauge theories in the conformal window. The running of the gauge coupling is absorbed into the metric by applying a suitable matter superfield- and Weyl-transformation. The computation becomes equivalent to one of a free theory in a curved background carrying the information of the renormalisation group flow. Read More

We generalise the Jacob-Wick helicity formalism, which applies to sequential decays, to effective field theories of rare decays of the type $B \to K_{J_K}(\to K \pi) \bar{\ell}_1 \ell_2$. This is achieved by reinterpreting local interaction vertices $\bar b \Gamma'_{\mu_1 .. Read More

We present $B_q\to\rho$, $B_q\to\omega$, $B_q\to K^*$, $B_s\to K^*$ and $B_s\to \phi$ form factors from light-cone sum rules (LCSR) at $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s)$ for twist-2 and 3 and $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s^0)$ for twist-4 with updated hadronic input parameters. Three asymptotic light-cone distribution amplitudes of twist-$4$ (and $5$) are determined, necessary for the form factors to obey the equations of motion. It is argued that the latter constrain the uncertainty of tensor-to-vector form factor ratios thereby improving the prediction of zeros of helicity amplitudes of major importance for $B\to K^*\ell\ell$ angular observables. Read More

We investigate the interference pattern of the charm-resonances $\Psi(3370,4040,4160,4415)$ with the electroweak penguin operator $O_9$ in the branching fraction of $B^+\to K^+\mu\mu$. For this purpose we extract the charm vacuum polarisation via a standard dispersion relation from BESII-data on $e^+e^-\to hadrons$. In the factorisation approximation (FA) the vacuum polarisation describes the interference fully non-perturbatively. Read More

We derive recently obtained relations, relating the logarithmic gauge coupling derivative of the hadron mass and the cosmological constant to the matter and vacuum gluon condensates, within a Hamiltonian framework. The key idea is a canonical transformation which brings the relevant part of the Hamiltonian into a suitable form. Furthermore we illustrate the relations within the Schwinger model and ${\cal N}=2$ super Yang Mills theory (Seiberg-Witten theory). Read More

At the kinematic endpoint of zero recoil physical momenta are parallel which leads to symmetries in the decay distributions. We implement this observation for decays of the type $A \to (B_1 B_2) C$ by extending the helicity formalism to include an unphysical timelike polarisation. The symmetries of the helicity amplitudes are worked out for a generic dimension six Hamiltonian for a $B \to V \ell \ell$ decay type. Read More

We investigate helicity amplitudes (HAs) of $A \to B C$-type decays for arbitrary spin towards the kinematic endpoint. We show that they are proportional to product of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients (CGC) and the velocity to some positive power. The latter can be zero in which case the HA is non-vanishing at the endpoint. Read More

Sufficient control of transition form factors is a vital ingredient for the precision flavor programs including the nearer term searches at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the forthcoming Belle II experiment. We improve on existing methods to extract B -> K^* form factor ratios at low hadronic recoil from B -> K^* l^+ l^- data on the angular observables F_L, A_T^(2) and P'_4 by adding heavy quark symmetry-based constraints and by investigating the cross talk between low and large recoil. The data-extracted form factor ratios i) provide benchmarks for the lattice and light cone sum rule predictions, the latter of which have been updated including improved uncertainty estimations and ii) allow to improve the predictions for benchmark observables. Read More

We show that the logarithmic derivative of the gauge coupling on the hadronic mass and the cosmological constant term of a gauge theory are related to the gluon condensate of the hadron and the vacuum respectively. These relations are akin to Feynman-Hellmann relations whose derivation for the case at hand are complicated by the construction of the gauge theory Hamiltonian. We bypass this problem by using a renormalisation group equation for composite operators and the trace anomaly. Read More

The scaling laws in an infrared conformal (IR) theory are dictated by the critical exponents of relevant operators. We have investigated these scaling laws at leading order in two previous papers. In this work we investigate further consequences of the scaling laws, trying to identify potential signatures that could be studied by lattice simulations. Read More

We report the computation of the matrix element of the chromomagnetic operator of the flavour changing neutral current (FCNC)-type between a $B$- or $D$-meson state and a light hadron and off-shell photon. The computation is carried out by using the method of light-cone sum rules (LCSR). It is found that the matrix element exhibits a large strong phase for which we give a long distance interpretation. Read More

We compute the isospin asymmetries in $B \to (K^*,\rho) \gamma$ and $B\to (K,K^*,\rho) l^+l^-$ for low lepton pair invariant mass $q^2$, within the Standard Model (SM) and beyond the SM (BSM) in a generic dimension six operator basis. Within the SM the CP-averaged isospin asymmetries for $B \to (K,K^*,\rho) ll$, between $1{\rm GeV}^2 \leq q^2 \leq 4m_c^2$, are predicted to be small (below 1.5%) though with significant cancellation. Read More

We compute matrix elements of the chromomagnetic operator, often denoted by $ {\cal O}_8$, between $B/D$-states and light mesons plus an off-shell photon by employing the method of light-cone sum rules (LCSR) at leading twist-2. These matrix elements are relevant for processes such as $B \to K^* l^+l^-$ and they can be seen as the analogues of the well-known penguin form factors $T_{1,2,3}$ and $f_T$. We find a large CP-even phase for which we give a long-distance (LD) interpretation. Read More

A large CP-asymmetry $\Delta A_{\rm CP}$ has been reported in the $D^0 \to \pi^+\pi^-/K^+K^-$ system. At present it remains unclear whether this is due to incalculable strong interaction matrix elements or genuine new physics (NP). Amongst the latter a new weak phase in the chromomagnetic operator ${\cal O}_8$ has emerged as a promising candidate. Read More

We investigate the breaking of SU(3) into its subgroups from the viewpoints of explicit and spontaneous breaking. A one-to-one link between these two approaches is given by the complex spherical harmonics, which form a complete set of SU(3)-representation functions. An invariant of degrees p and q in complex conjugate variables corresponds to a singlet, or vacuum expectation value, in a (p,q)-representation of SU(3). Read More

Within the framework of the Lee Wick Standard Model (LWSM) we investigate Higgs pair production $gg \to h_0 h_0$, $gg \to h_0 \tilde p_0$ and top pair production $gg \to \bar tt$ at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), where the neutral particles from the Higgs sector ($h_0$, $\tilde h_0$ and $\tilde p_0$) appear as possible resonant intermediate states. We investigate the signal $gg \to h_0 h_0 \to \bar b b \gamma \gamma$ and we find that the LW Higgs, depending on its mass-range, can be seen not long after the LHC upgrade in 2012. More precisely this happens when the new LW Higgs states are below the top pair threshold. Read More

We consider mass-deformed conformal gauge theories (mCGT) and investigate the scaling behaviour of hadronic observables as a function of the fermion mass. Applying renormalization group arguments directly to matrix elements, we find m_H ~ m^{1/(1+gamma*)} and F ~ m^{\eta_F(gamma*)} for the decay constants, thereby generalizing our results from a previous paper to the entire spectrum. We derive the scaling law m_H \~m^{1/(1+gamma*)} using the Hellmann-Feynman theorem, and thus provide a derivation which does not rely on renormalization group arguments. Read More

We present a number of analytical results which should guide the interpretation of lattice data in theories with an infra-red fixed point (IRFP) deformed by a mass term deltaL = - m \bar qq. From renormalization group (RG) arguments we obtain the leading scaling exponent, F ~ m^(eta_F), for all decay constants of the lowest lying states other than the ones affected by the chiral anomaly and the tensor ones. These scaling relations provide a clear cut way to distinguish a theory with an IRFP from a confining theory with heavy fermions. Read More

We investigate the consequences of replacing the global flavour symmetry of Minimal Flavour Violation (MFV) SU(3)_QxSU(3)_UxSU(3)_Dx... Read More

We propose a generic framework in which the Higgs and the unparticle are both composite. The underlying theories are four dimensional, asymptotically free, nonsupersymmetric gauge theories with fermionic matter. We sketch a possible uni- fication of these two sectors at a much higher scale resembling extended technicolor models. Read More

Recently two hints for new physics have emerged: The B_s mixing phase phi_s and the rate of D_s -> (mu,tau) nu exposing a discrepancy of \sim 3 sigma and 3.8 sigma deviation from the Standard Model respectively. Moreover the difference of the CP asymmetries in B -> K pi between the charged and neutral modes is at the 5. Read More

We investigate the electroweak precision constraints on the recently proposed Lee-Wick Standard Model at tree level. We analyze low energy, Z-pole (LEP1/SLC) and LEP2 data separately. We derive the exact tree level low energy and Z-pole effective Lagrangians from both the auxiliary field and higher derivative formulation of the theory. Read More

The photon polarization in B -> V gamma is a sensitive probe of right-handed currents. In the time dependent decay rate of B_s -> phi gamma the coefficients S and H in front of the sin(Delta m_s t) and the sinh(Delta Gamma_s /2 t) terms are sensitive to those right-handed currents. As compared to the B_d system there is a sizable width difference in B_s mesons which leads to the additional measurable observable H. Read More

We give a brief summary of the unparticle scenario proposed by Georgi. The CP-even phase of the propagator is exploited to study the CP-asymmetry in B+ --> tau+ + nu, which is neither experimentally searched for nor predicted by any other model. Furthermore we show that the novel CP-violation is consistent with the CPT theorem by identifying the CP-compensating mode in the unparticle sector. Read More

Coupling the scale invariant unparticle sector to flavour physics and assuming that it remains scale invariant we investigate its consequences in heavy flavour physics. A drastic feature of unparticle physics is an unusual phase leading to novel CP violating phenomena. We consider the CP asymmetry in the leptonic decay B^+ -> tau^+ nu and the hadronic decay B_d -> D^+D^-, taking into account constraints of branching ratios and time dependent CP asymmetries. Read More

We calculate the main observables in $B_{u,d}\to (\rho,\omega,K^*)\gamma$ and $B_s\to (\bar K^*,\phi)\gamma$ decays, i.e. branching ratios and CP and isospin asymmetries. Read More

We calculate the dominant Standard Model contributions to the time-dependent CP asymmetry in B0->K*0 gamma, which is O(1/mb) in QCD factorisation. We find that, including all relevant hadronic effects, in particular from soft gluons, the asymmetry S is very small, S=-0.022\pm 0. Read More

We determine |V_{\rm td}/V_{\rm ts}| = 0.192 \pm 0.016_ exp \pm 0. Read More

The dominant theoretical uncertainty in extracting |V_td/V_ts| from the ratio of branching ratios R=B(B->(rho,omega)gamma)/B(B->K* gamma) is given by the ratio of form factors xi=T_1^{B->K*}(0)/T_1^{B->rho}(0). We re-examine xi in the framework of QCD sum rules on the light-cone, taking into account hitherto neglected SU(3)-breaking effects. We find xi=1. Read More

We derive constraints on the asymmetry a1 of the momentum fractions carried by quark and antiquark in K and K* mesons in leading twist. These constraints follow from exact operator identities and relate a1 to SU(3) breaking quark-antiquark-gluon matrix elements which we determine from QCD sum rules. Comparing our results to determinations of a1 from QCD sum rules based on correlation functions of quark currents, we find that, for a1^\parallel(K*) the central values agree well and come with moderate errors, whereas for a1(K) and a1^\perp(K*) the results from operator relations are consistent with those from quark current sum rules, but come with larger uncertainties. Read More

We review the status of the leptonic decay constants f_K and f_K^{\parallel,\perp} of the K and K*, respectively, and the SU(3) breaking quantities a_1(K) and a_{1}^{\parallel,\perp}(K*), the first Gegenbauer-moments of the leading-twist distribution amplitudes of K and K*. We obtain new predictions from QCD sum rules which are relevant for the calculation of K and K* form factors, for instance T_1^{B->K*}, which determines the decay B -> K* gamma, and for QCD factorisation calculations of nonleptonic B decays into strange mesons, for instance B -> K pi. Read More

Using new experimental data on the leptonic mass spectrum of B->pi l nu, we simultaneously determine |V_ub| and constrain a_2^pi and a_4^pi, the first two Gegenbauer moments of the pion's leading-twist distribution amplitude. We find |V_ub| = (3.2\pm 0. Read More

We present an improved calculation of $B\to$ light vector form factors from light-cone sum rules, including one-loop radiative corrections to twist-2 and twist-3 contributions, and leading order twist-4 corrections. The total theoretical uncertainty of our results at zero momentum transfer is typically 10% and can be improved, at least in part, by reducing the uncertainty of hadronic input parameters. We present our results in a way which details the dependence of the form factors on these parameters and facilitates the incorporation of future updates of their values from e. Read More

We present an improved calculation of all B -> light pseudoscalar formfactors from light-cone sum rules, including one-loop radiative corrections to twist-2 and twist-3 contributions, and leading order twist-4 corrections. The total theoretical uncertainty of our results at zero momentum transfer is 10 to 13%. The dependence of the formfactors on the momentum transfer q^2 is parametrized in a simple way that is consistent with their analytical properties and is valid for all physical q^2. Read More

We present an improved calculation of $B\to$ light pseudoscalar formfactors from light-cone sum rules, including one-loop radiative corrections to twist-2 and twist-3 contributions, and leading order twist-4 corrections. The total theoretical uncertainty of our results at zero momentum transfer is 10 to 13% and can be improved, at least in part, by reducing the uncertainty of hadronic input parameters, in particular those describing the twist-2 distribution amplitudes of the pi, K and eta. We present our results in a way which details the dependence of the formfactors on these parameters and facilitates the incorporation of future updates of their values from e. Read More

We present a new calculation of the B->pi form-factor f_+, relevant for the measurement of |V_{ub}| from semileptonic B->pi transitions, from QCD sum rules on the light-cone. The new element is the calculation of radiative corrections to next-to-leading twist-3 accuracy. We find that these contributions are factorizable at O(alpha_s), which lends additional support to the method of QCD sum rules on the light-cone. Read More