Roger Wattenhofer

Roger Wattenhofer
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Roger Wattenhofer

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Pub Categories

Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (11)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (6)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (3)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2)
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
Computer Science - Computational Geometry (1)
Computer Science - Multiagent Systems (1)
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (1)
Computer Science - Computers and Society (1)

Publications Authored By Roger Wattenhofer

Consider a small group of mobile agents whose goal is to locate a certain cell in a two-dimensional infinite grid. The agents operate in an asynchronous environment, where in each discrete time step, an arbitrary subset of the agents execute one atomic look-compute-move cycle. The protocol controlling each agent is determined by a (possibly distinct) finite automaton. Read More

Contrary to common belief, a recent work by Ellen, Gelashvili, Shavit, and Zhu has shown that computability does not require multicore architectures to support "strong" synchronization instructions like compare-and-swap, as opposed to combinations of "weaker" instructions like decrement and multiply. However, this is the status quo, and in turn, most efficient concurrent data-structures heavily rely on compare-and-swap (e.g. Read More

We propose the CLEX supercomputer topology and routing scheme. We prove that CLEX can utilize a constant fraction of the total bandwidth for point-to-point communication, at delays proportional to the sum of the number of intermediate hops and the maximum physical distance between any two nodes. Moreover, % applying an asymmetric bandwidth assignment to the links, all-to-all communication can be realized $(1+o(1))$-optimally both with regard to bandwidth and delays. Read More

We study local aggregation and graph analysis in distributed environments using the message passing model. We provide a flexible framework, where each of the nodes in a set $S$--which is a subset of all nodes in the network--can perform a large range of common aggregation functions in its $k$-neighborhood. We study this problem in the CONGEST model, where in each synchronous round, every node can transmit a different (but short) message to each of its neighbors. Read More

In their seminal paper, Frey and Osborne quantified the automation of jobs, by assigning each job in the O*NET database a probability to be automated. In this paper, we refine their results in the following way: Every O*NET job consists of a set of tasks, and these tasks can be related. We use a linear program to assign probabilities to tasks, such that related tasks have a similar probability and the tasks can explain the computerization probability of a job. Read More

This paper studies a new online problem, referred to as \emph{min-cost perfect matching with delays (MPMD)}, defined over a finite metric space (i.e., a complete graph with positive edge weights obeying the triangle inequality) $\mathcal{M}$ that is known to the algorithm in advance. Read More

The Bitcoin system only provides eventual consistency. For everyday life, the time to confirm a Bitcoin transaction is prohibitively slow. In this paper we propose a new system, built on the Bitcoin blockchain, which enables strong consistency. Read More

We study the NP-hard problem of approximating a Minimum Routing Cost Spanning Tree in the message passing model with limited bandwidth (CONGEST model). In this problem one tries to find a spanning tree of a graph $G$ over $n$ nodes that minimizes the sum of distances between all pairs of nodes. In the considered model every node can transmit a different (but short) message to each of its neighbors in each synchronous round. Read More

In Bitcoin, transaction malleability describes the fact that the signatures that prove the ownership of bitcoins being transferred in a transaction do not provide any integrity guarantee for the signatures themselves. This allows an attacker to mount a malleability attack in which it intercepts, modifies, and rebroadcasts a transaction, causing the transaction issuer to believe that the original transaction was not confirmed. In February 2014 MtGox, once the largest Bitcoin exchange, closed and filed for bankruptcy claiming that attackers used malleability attacks to drain its accounts. Read More

Consider the Ants Nearby Treasure Search (ANTS) problem introduced by Feinerman, Korman, Lotker, and Sereni (PODC 2012), where $n$ mobile agents, initially placed at the origin of an infinite grid, collaboratively search for an adversarially hidden treasure. In this paper, the model of Feinerman et al. is adapted such that the agents are controlled by a (randomized) finite state machine: they possess a constant-size memory and are able to communicate with each other through constant-size messages. Read More

We study a fundamental measure for wireless interference in the SINR model known as (weighted) inductive independence. This measure characterizes the effectiveness of using oblivious power --- when the power used by a transmitter only depends on the distance to the receiver --- as a mechanism for improving wireless capacity. We prove optimal bounds for inductive independence, implying a number of algorithmic applications. Read More

In this paper we address two basic questions in wireless communication: First, how long does it take to schedule an arbitrary set of communication requests? Second, given a set of communication requests, how many of them can be scheduled concurrently? Our results are derived in an interference model with geometric path loss and consist of efficient algorithms that find a constant approximation for the second problem and a logarithmic approximation for the first problem. In addition, we analyze some important properties of the interference model and show that it is robust to various factors that can influence the signal attenuation. More specifically, we prove that as long as such influences on the signal attenuation are constant, they affect the capacity only by a constant factor. Read More

The traditional models of distributed computing focus mainly on networks of computer-like devices that can exchange large messages with their neighbors and perform arbitrary local computations. Recently, there is a trend to apply distributed computing methods to networks of sub-microprocessor devices, e.g. Read More

We analyze the setting of minimum-cost perfect matchings with selfish vertices through the price of anarchy (PoA) and price of stability (PoS) lens. The underlying solution concept used for this analysis is the Gale-Shapley stable matching notion, where the preferences are determined so that each player (vertex) wishes to minimize the cost of her own matching edge. Read More

We explore the fundamental limits of distributed balls-into-bins algorithms. We present an adaptive symmetric algorithm that achieves a bin load of two in log* n+O(1) communication rounds using O(n) messages in total. Larger bin loads can be traded in for smaller time complexities. Read More

This article investigates selfish behavior in games where players are embedded in a social context. A framework is presented which allows us to measure the Windfall of Friendship, i.e. Read More

The question of what can be computed, and how efficiently, are at the core of computer science. Not surprisingly, in distributed systems and networking research, an equally fundamental question is what can be computed in a \emph{distributed} fashion. More precisely, if nodes of a network must base their decision on information in their local neighborhood only, how well can they compute or approximate a global (optimization) problem? In this paper we give the first poly-logarithmic lower bound on such local computation for (optimization) problems including minimum vertex cover, minimum (connected) dominating set, maximum matching, maximal independent set, and maximal matching. Read More

We study the {\em verification} problem in distributed networks, stated as follows. Let $H$ be a subgraph of a network $G$ where each vertex of $G$ knows which edges incident on it are in $H$. We would like to verify whether $H$ has some properties, e. Read More

The topology of a wireless multi-hop network can be controlled by varying the transmission power at each node. In this paper, we give a detailed analysis of a cone-based distributed topology control algorithm. This algorithm, introduced in [16], does not assume that nodes have GPS information available; rather it depends only on directional information. Read More