# Roberto Paroni

## Publications Authored By Roberto Paroni

By means of a variational approach we rigorously deduce three one-dimensional models for elastic ribbons from the theory of von K\'arm\'an plates, passing to the limit as the width of the plate goes to zero. The one-dimensional model found starting from the "linearized" von K\'arm\'an energy corresponds to that of a linearly elastic beam that can twist but can deform in just one plane; while the model found from the von K\'arm\'an energy is a non-linear model that comprises stretching, bendings, and twisting. The "constrained" von K\'arm\'an energy, instead, leads to a new Sadowsky type of model. Read More

We consider thin plates whose energy density is a quadratic function of the difference between the second fundamental form of the deformed configuration and a "natural" curvature tensor. This tensor either denotes the second fundamental form of the stress-free configuration, if it exists, or a target curvature tensor. In the latter case, residual stress arises from the geometrical frustration involved in the attempt to achieve the target curvature: as a result, the plate is naturally twisted, even in the absence of external forces or prescribed boundary conditions. Read More

We first consider an elastic thin heterogeneous cylinder of radius of order epsilon: the interior of the cylinder is occupied by a stiff material (fiber) that is surrounded by a soft material (matrix). By assuming that the elasticity tensor of the fiber does not scale with epsilon and that of the matrix scales with epsilon square, we prove that the one dimensional model is a nonlocal system. We then consider a reference configuration domain filled out by periodically distributed rods similar to those described above. Read More

We consider a sequence of linear hyper-elastic, inhomogeneous and fully anisotropic bodies in a reference configuration occupying a cylindrical region of height epsilon. We then study, by means of Gamma-convergence, the asymptotic behavior as epsilon goes to zero of the sequence of complementary energies. The limit functional is then identified as a dual problem for a two-dimensional plate. Read More

We validate the Timoshenko beam model as an approximation of the linear-elasticity model of a three-dimensional beam-like body. Our validation is achieved within the framework of $\Gamma$-convergence theory, in two steps: firstly, we construct a suitable sequence of energy functionals; secondly, we show that this sequence $\Gamma$-converges to a functional representing the energy of a Timoshenko beam. Read More

The classical low-dimensional models of thin structures are based on certain a priori assumptions on the three-dimensional deformation and/or stress fields, diverse in nature but all motivated by the smallness of certain dimensions with respect to others. In recent years, a considerable amount of work has been done in order to rigorously justify these a priori assumptions; in particular, several techniques have been introduced to make dimension re- duction rigorous. We here review, and to some extent reformulate, the main ideas common to these techniques, using some explicit dimension-reduction problems to exemplify the points we want to make. Read More