# Robert de Koch

## Contact Details

NameRobert de Koch |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Theory (45) Mathematics - Representation Theory (6) Mathematical Physics (5) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (5) Mathematics - Combinatorics (3) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3) Astrophysics (2) Mathematics - Number Theory (1) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1) Mathematics - Group Theory (1) Quantum Physics (1) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1) |

## Publications Authored By Robert de Koch

Counting formulae for general primary fields in free four dimensional conformal field theories of scalars, vectors and matrices are derived. These are specialised to count primaries which obey extremality conditions defined in terms of the dimensions and left or right spins (i.e. Read More

We develop general counting formulae for primary fields in free four dimensional (4D) scalar conformal field theory (CFT). Using a duality map between primary operators in scalar field theory and multi-variable polynomial functions subject to differential constraints, we identify a sector of holomorphic primary fields corresponding to polynomial functions on a class of permutation orbifolds. These orbifolds have palindromic Hilbert series, which indicates they are Calabi-Yau. Read More

By performing explicit computations of correlation functions, we find evidence that there is a sector of the two matrix model defined by the $SU(2)$ sector of ${\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory, that can be reduced to eigenvalue dynamics. There is an interesting generalization of the usual Van der Monde determinant that plays a role. The observables we study are the BPS operators of the $SU(2)$ sector and include traces of products of both matrices, which are genuine multi matrix observables. Read More

We study the worldsheet S-matrix of a string attached to a D-brane in AdS$_5\times$S$^5$. The D-brane is either a giant graviton or a dual giant graviton. In the gauge theory, the operators we consider belong to the $su(2|3)$ sector of the theory. Read More

Large $N$ but non-planar limits of ${\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory can be described using restricted Schur polynomials. Previous investigations demonstrate that the action of the one loop dilatation operator on restricted Schur operators, with classical dimension of order $N$ and belonging to the $su(2)$ sector, is largely determined by the $su(2)$ ${\cal R}$ symmetry algebra as well as structural features of perturbative field theory. Studies presented so far have used the form of ${\cal R}$ symmetry generators when acting on small perturbations of half-BPS operators. Read More

We consider excitations of LLM geometries described by coloring the LLM plane with concentric black rings. Certain closed string excitations are localized at the edges of these rings. The string theory predictions for the energies of magnon excitations of these strings depends on the radii of the edges of the rings. Read More

We consider the anomalous dimensions of restricted Schur polynomials
constructed using n~O(N) complex adjoint scalars Z and m complex adjoint
scalars Y. We fix m<

In a recent paper we showed that the correlators of free scalar field theory in four dimensions can be constructed from a two dimensional topological field theory based on so(4,2) equivariant maps (intertwiners). The free field result, along with results of Frenkel and Libine on equivariance properties of Feynman integrals, are developed further in this paper. We show that the coefficient of the log term in the 1-loop 4-point conformal integral is a projector in the tensor product of so(4,2) representations. Read More

We study spin chains with boundaries that are dual to open strings suspended between systems of giant gravitons and dual giant gravitons. The anomalous dimensions computed in the gauge theory are in complete quantitative agreement with energies computed in the dual string theory. The comparison makes use of a description in terms of magnons, generalizing results for a single maximal giant graviton. Read More

We discuss how to compute connected matrix model correlators for operators related to the gravitational descendants of the puncture operator, for the topological A model on P^1. The relevant correlators are determined by recursion relations that follow from a systematic 1/N expansion of well chosen Schwinger-Dyson equations. Our results provide further compelling evidence for Gopakumar's proposed "simplest gauge string duality" between the Gaussian matrix model and the topological A model on P^1. Read More

We study the anomalous dimensions for scalar operators in ABJM theory in the SU(2) sector. The operators we consider have a classical dimension that grows as N in the large N limit. Consequently, the large N limit is not captured by summing planar diagrams - non-planar contributions have to be included. Read More

We discuss the canonical structure of the collective formulation of Vector Model/Higher Spin Duality in AdS$_4$. This involves a construction of bulk AdS Higher Spin fields through a time-like bi-local Map, with a Hamiltonian and canonical structure which are established to all orders in $1/N$. Read More

Employing the world line spinning particle picture we discuss the appearance of several different `gauges' which we use to gain a deeper explanation of the Collective/Gravity identification. We discuss transformations and algebraic equivalences between them. For a bulk identification we develop a `gauge independent' representation where all gauge constraints are eliminated. Read More

At finite N the number of restricted Schur polynomials is greater than or equal to the number of generalized restricted Schur polynomials. In this note we study this discrepancy and explain its origin. We conclude that, for quiver gauge theories, in general, the generalized restricted Schur polynomials correctly account for the complete set of finite N constraints and they provide a basis, while the restricted Schur polynomials only account for a subset of the finite N constraints and are thus overcomplete. Read More

We show that correlators of local operators in four dimensional free scalar field theory can be expressed in terms of amplitudes in a two dimensional topological field theory (TFT2). We describe the state space of the TFT2, which has $SO(4,2)$ as a global symmetry, and includes both positive and negative energy representations. Invariant amplitudes in the TFT2 correspond to surfaces interpolating from multiple circles to the vacuum. Read More

In this article we study the action of the one loop dilatation operator on operators with a classical dimension of order N. These operators belong to the su(2) sector and are constructed using two complex fields Y and Z. For these operators non-planar diagrams contribute already at the leading order in N and the planar and large N limits are distinct. Read More

In this article we compute the anomalous dimensions for a class of operators, belonging to the SU(3) sector of the theory, that have a bare dimension of order N. For these operators the large N limit and the planar limit are distinct and summing only the planar diagrams will not capture the large N dynamics. Although the spectrum of anomalous dimensions has been computed for this class of operators, previous studies have neglected certain terms which were argued to be small. Read More

Using the recently constructed basis for local operators in free SO(N) gauge theory we derive an exact formula for the correlation functions of multi trace operators. This formula is used to obtain a simpler form and a simple product rule for the operators in the SO(N) basis. The coefficients of the product rule are the Littlewood-Richardson numbers which determine the corresponding product rule in free U(N) gauge theory. Read More

We develop techniques to study the correlation functions of "large operators" whose bare dimension grows parametrically with N, in SO(N) gauge theory. We build the operators from a single complex matrix. For these operators, the large N limit of correlation functions is not captured by summing only the planar diagrams. Read More

We study the large N anomalous dimensions of operators in a Leigh-Strassler deformation of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory. The operators that we study have a bare dimension of order N (so that the large N limit is not captured by planar diagrams) and are AdS/CFT dual to giant gravitons. The diagonalization of the dilatation operator factorizes into two problems. Read More

We define restricted Schur polynomials built using both fermionic and bosonic fields which transform in the adjoint of the gauge group U(N). We show that these operators diagonalize the free field two point function to all orders in 1/N. As an application of our new operators, we study the action of the one loop dilatation operator in the su(2|3) sector in a large N but non-planar limit. Read More

Ribbon graphs embedded on a Riemann surface provide a useful way to describe the double line Feynman diagrams of large N computations and a variety of other QFT correlator and scattering amplitude calculations, e.g in MHV rules for scattering amplitudes, as well as in ordinary QED. Their counting is a special case of the counting of bi-partite embedded graphs. Read More

In this article we compute the action of the two loop dilatation operator on restricted Schur polynomials that belong to the su(2) sector, in the displaced corners approximation. In this non-planar large N limit, operators that diagonalize the one loop dilatation operator are not corrected at two loops. The resulting spectrum of anomalous dimensions is related to a set of decoupled harmonic oscillators, indicating integrability in this sector of the theory at two loops. Read More

Following the work of Maldacena and Zhiboedov, we study the implementation of the Coleman-Mandula theorem in the free O(N)/Higher Spin correspondence. In the bi-local framework we first define an S-matrix for scattering of collective dipoles. Its evaluation in the case of free UV fixed point theory leads to the result S=1 stated in the title. Read More

We consider extremal and non-extremal three-point functions of two giant gravitons and one point-like graviton using Schur polynomials in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory and holographically, using a semiclassical Born-Infeld analysis as well as bubbling geometries. For non-extremal three-point functions our computations using all three approaches are in perfect agreement. For extremal correlators we find that our results from the bubbling geometry analysis agree with existing results from the gauge theory. Read More

We give a proof that the expected counting of strings attached to giant graviton branes in AdS_5 x S^5, as constrained by the Gauss Law, matches the dimension spanned by the expected dual operators in the gauge theory. The counting of string-brane configurations is formulated as a graph counting problem, which can be expressed as the number of points on a double coset involving permutation groups. Fourier transformation on the double coset suggests an ansatz for the diagonalization of the one-loop dilatation operator in this sector of strings attached to giant graviton branes. Read More

In this article we consider gauge theories with a U(N)X U(N) gauge group. We provide, for the first time, a complete set of operators built from scalar fields that are in the bi fundamental of the two groups. Our operators diagonalize the two point function of the free field theory at all orders in 1/N. Read More

The split basis of an irreducible representation of the symmetric group, $S_{n+m}$, is the basis which is adapted to direct product subgroups of the form $S_{n} \times S_{m}$. In this article we have calculated symmetric group subduction coefficients relating the standard Young-Yamanouchi basis for the symmetric group to the split basis by means of a novel version of the Schur-Weyl duality. We have also directly obtained matrix representations in the split basis using these techniques. Read More

In this note we compute the non-planar one loop anomalous dimension of restricted Schur polynomials that belong to the sl(2) sector of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory and have a bare dimension of order N. Although the details are rather different, ultimately the problem of diagonalizing the dilatation operator in the sl(2) sector can be reduced to the su(2) sector problem. In this way we establish the expected dynamical emergence of the Gauss Law for giant gravitons and further show that the dilatation operator reduces to a set of decoupled harmonic oscillators. Read More

In this note we compute the non-planar one loop anomalous dimension of restricted Schur polynomials that have a bare dimension of O(N). This is achieved by mapping the restricted Schur polynomials into states of a specific U(N) irreducible representation. In this way the dilatation operator is mapped into a u(n) valued operator and, as a result, can easily be diagonalized. Read More

A well-known connection between n strings winding around a circle and permutations of n objects plays a fundamental role in the string theory of large N two dimensional Yang Mills theory and elsewhere in topological and physical string theories. Basic questions in the enumeration of Feynman graphs can be expressed elegantly in terms of permutation groups. We show that these permutation techniques for Feynman graph enumeration, along with the Burnside counting lemma, lead to equalities between counting problems of Feynman graphs in scalar field theories and Quantum Electrodynamics with the counting of amplitudes in a string theory with torus or cylinder target space. Read More

We study the action of the dilatation operator on restricted Schur polynomials labeled by Young diagrams with p long columns or p long rows. A new version of Schur-Weyl duality provides a powerful approach to the computation and manipulation of the symmetric group operators appearing in the restricted Schur polynomials. Using this new technology, we are able to evaluate the action of the one loop dilatation operator. Read More

We compute the one loop anomalous dimensions of restricted Schur polynomials with a classical dimension \Delta\sim O(N). The operators that we consider are labeled by Young diagrams with two long columns or two long rows. Simple analytic expressions for the action of the dilatation operator are found. Read More

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Theory

In this article we study operators with a dimension $\Delta\sim O(N)$ and show that simple analytic expressions for the action of the dilatation operator can be found. The operators we consider are restricted Schur polynomials. There are two distinct classes of operators that we consider: operators labeled by Young diagrams with two long columns or two long rows. Read More

The large N limit of the anomalous dimensions of operators in ${\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory described by restricted Schur polynomials, are studied. We focus on operators labeled by Young diagrams that have two columns (both long) so that the classical dimension of these operators is O(N). At large N these two column operators mix with each other but are decoupled from operators with $n\ne 2$ columns. Read More

We pursue the construction of higher-spin theory in AdS_4 from CFT_3 of the O(N) vector model in terms of canonical collective fields. In null plane quantization an exact map is established between the two spaces. The coordinates of the AdS_4 space-time are generated from the collective coordinates of the bi-local field. Read More

We present the first extensive photometric results of CL Aur from our BVRI CCD photometry made on 22 nights from 2003 November through 2005 February. Fifteen new timings of minimum light were obtained. During the past 104 years, the orbital period has varied due to a periodic oscillation superposed on a continuous period increase. Read More

In this article the anomalous dimension of a class of operators with a bare dimension of O(N) is studied. The operators considered are dual to excited states of a two giant graviton system. In the Yang Mills theory they are described by restricted Schur polynomials, labeled with Young diagrams that have at most two columns. Read More

We show that correlators of the hermitian one-Matrix model with a general potential can be mapped to the counting of certain triples of permutations and hence to counting of holomorphic maps from world-sheet to sphere target with three branch points on the target. This allows the use of old matrix model results to derive new explicit formulae for a class of Hurwitz numbers. Holomorphic maps with three branch points are related, by Belyi's theorem, to curves and maps defined over algebraic numbers $\bmQ$. Read More

We give an introductory account of the AdS/CFT correspondence in the 1/2-BPS sector of ${\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory.Six of the dimensions of the string theory are emergent in the Yang-Mills theory. In this article we suggest how these dimensions and local physics in these dimensions emerge. Read More

New CCD photometry during 4 successive years from 2005 is presented for the eclipsing binary GW Cep, together with reasonable explanations for the light and period variations. All historical light curves, obtained over a 30-year interval, display striking light changes, and are best modeled by the simultaneous existence of a cool spot and a hot spot on the more massive cool component star. The facts that the system is magnetically active and that the hot spot has consistently existed on the inner hemisphere of the star indicate that the two spots are formed by (1) magnetic dynamo-related activity on the cool star and (2) mass transfer from the primary to the secondary component. Read More

The problem of computing the anomalous dimensions of a class of (nearly) half-BPS operators with a large R-charge is reduced to the problem of diagonalizing a Cuntz oscillator chain. Due to the large dimension of the operators we consider, non-planar corrections must be summed to correctly construct the Cuntz oscillator dynamics. These non-planar corrections do not represent quantum corrections in the dual gravitational theory, but rather, they account for the backreaction from the heavy operator whose dimension we study. Read More

New CCD photometric observations of the eclipsing system AR Boo were obtained from February 2006 to April 2008. The star's photometric properties are derived from detailed studies of the period variability and of all available light curves. We find that over about 56 years the orbital period of the system has varied due to a combination of an upward parabola and a sinusoid rather than in a monotonic fashion. Read More

Correlation functions of operators with a conformal dimension of O(N^2) are not well approximated by the planar limit. The non-planar diagrams, which in the bulk spacetime correspond to string loop corrections, are enhanced by huge combinatorial factors. In this article we show how these loop corrections can be resummed. Read More

New multiband CCD photometry is presented for the eclipsing binary GW Gem; the $RI$ light curves are the first ever compiled. Four new minimum timings have been determined. Our analysis of eclipse timings observed during the past 79 years indicates a continuous period increase at a fractional rate of +(1. Read More

For the very short-period sdB eclipsing binary HW Vir, we present new CCD photometry made from 2000 through 2008. In order to obtain consistency of the binary parameters, our new light curves were analyzed simultaneously with previously published radial-velocity data. The secondary star parameters of $M_2$=0. Read More

Operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory with an R-charge of O(N^2) are dual to backgrounds which are asymtotically AdS5xS5. In this article we develop efficient techniques that allow the computation of correlation functions in these backgrounds. We find that (i) contractions between fields in the string words and fields in the operator creating the background are the field theory accounting of the new geometry, (ii) correlation functions of probes in these backgrounds are given by the free field theory contractions but with rescaled propagators and (iii) in these backgrounds there are no open string excitations with their special end point interactions; we have only closed string excitations. Read More

Type IIB string theory on spacetimes that are asymptotically AdS$_5\times$S$^5$ can be defined using four dimensional ${\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory. Six of the dimensions of the string theory are holographically reconstructed in the Yang-Mills theory. In this article we study how these dimensions and local physics in these dimensions emerge. Read More

We derive a product rule satisfied by restricted Schur polynomials. We focus mostly on the case that the restricted Schur polynomial is built using two matrices, although our analysis easily extends to more than two matrices. This product rule allows us to compute exact multi-point correlation functions of restricted Schur polynomials, in the free field theory limit. Read More

We argue that restricted Schur polynomials provide a useful parameterization of the complete set of gauge invariant variables of multi-matrix models. The two point functions of restricted Schur polynomials are evaluated exactly in the free field theory limit. They have diagonal two point functions. Read More