Ramprasad Rao - Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics

Ramprasad Rao
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Ramprasad Rao
Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (18)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (9)
Astrophysics (7)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Ramprasad Rao

Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

We present Submillimeter Array (SMA) polarization observations of the CO $J$ = 3--2 line toward the NGC1333 IRAS 4A. The CO Stokes $I$ maps at an angular resolution of $\sim$1$\arcsec$ reveal two bipolar outflows from the binary sources of the NGC 1333 IRAS 4A. The kinematic features of the CO emission can be modeled by wind-driven outflows at $\sim$ 20$\arcdeg$ inclined from the plane of the sky. Read More

We highlight distinct and systematic observational features of magnetic field morphologies in polarized submm dust continuum. We illustrate this with specific examples and show statistical trends from a sample of 50 star-forming regions. Read More

We analyze the light curves of 413 radio sources at submillimeter wavelengths using data from the Submillimeter Array calibrator database. The database includes more than 20,000 observations at 1.3 and 0. Read More

Submillimeter dust polarization measurements of a sample of 50 star-forming regions, observed with the SMA and the CSO covering pc-scale clouds to mpc-scale cores, are analyzed in order to quantify the magnetic field importance. The magnetic field misalignment $\delta$ -- the local angle between magnetic field and dust emission gradient -- is found to be a prime observable, revealing distinct distributions for sources where the magnetic field is preferentially aligned with or perpendicular to the source minor axis. Source-averaged misalignment angles $\langle|\delta|\rangle$ fall into systematically different ranges, reflecting the different source-magnetic field configurations. Read More

HH 211 is a young Class 0 protostellar system, with a flattened envelope, a possible rotating disk, and a collimated jet. We have mapped it with the Submillimeter Array in 341.6 GHz continuum and SiO J=8-7 at ~ 0. Read More

We report the discovery of Faraday rotation toward radio source 3C 84, the active galactic nucleus in NGC1275 at the core of the Perseus Cluster. The rotation measure (RM), determined from polarization observations at wavelengths of 1.3 and 0. Read More

Magnetic fields in accretion disks play a dominant role during the star formation process but have hitherto been observationally poorly constrained. Field strengths have been inferred on T Tauri stars themselves and possibly in the innermost part of the accretion disk, but the strength and morphology of the field in the bulk of the disk have not been observed. Unresolved measurements of polarized emission (arising from elongated dust grains aligned perpendicular to the field) imply average fields aligned with the disks. Read More

Massive stars ($M > 8$ \msun) typically form in parsec-scale molecular clumps that collapse and fragment, leading to the birth of a cluster of stellar objects. We investigate the role of magnetic fields in this process through dust polarization at 870 $\mu$m obtained with the Submillimeter Array (SMA). The SMA observations reveal polarization at scales of $\lsim$ 0. Read More

Context: NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 is a high-mass star-forming cluster with several detected dust cores, infrared sources, (ultra)compact H$_{\rm II}$ regions, molecular outflows, and masers. In such a complex environment, important interactions and feedback among the embedded objects are expected to play a major role in the evolution of the region. Aims: We study the dust, kinematic, and polarimetric properties of the NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 region to investigate the role of the different forces interplaying in the formation and evolution of high-mass star-forming clusters. Read More

We present subarcsecond resolution polarimetric observations of the 878 mum thermal dust continuum emission obtained with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) towards the IRAS 16293-2422 protostellar binary system. We report the detection of linearly polarized dust emission arising from the circumstellar disk associated with the IRAS 16293-2422 B protostar. The fractional polarization of ~1. Read More

We present CO 3-2, SiO 8-7, C34S 7-6, and 878 mum dust continuum subarcsecond angular resolution observations with the SMA toward IRAS 16293-2422 (I16293). The C34S emission traces the 878 mum dust continuum well, and clearly shows a smooth velocity gradient along the major axis of component I16293A. The CO shows emission at moderate high velocities arising from two bipolar outflows, which appear to be perpendicular with respect to each other. Read More

We present spectro-polarimetric observations of several molecular lines obtained with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) toward the carbon rich AGB star IRC+10216. We have detected and mapped the linear polarization of the CO 3-2, SiS 19-18 and CS 7-6 lines. The polarization arises at a distance of ~450 AU from the star and is blueshifted with respect the Stokes I. Read More

We present the first interferometric polarization map of the W3(OH) massive star-forming region observed with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 878 mum with an angular resolution of 1.5 (about 3 \times 10 AU). Polarization is detected in the W3(H2O) hot core, an extended emission structure in the north-west of W3(H2O), and part of the W3(OH) ultracompact HII region. Read More

We report the first detections of circularly polarized emission at submillimeter wavelengths from the compact radio source and supermassive black hole candidate Sgr A* at a level of 1.2\pm0.3% at 1. Read More

Affiliations: 1The University of Western Ontario, 2Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 3Universities Space Research Association, NASA Ames Research Center, 4University of Chicago

We apply our technique on the dispersion of magnetic fields in molecular clouds to high spatial resolution Submillimeter Array polarization data obtained for Orion KL in OMC-1, IRAS 16293, and NGC 1333 IRAS 4A. We show how one can take advantage of such high resolution data to characterize the magnetized turbulence power spectrum in the inertial and dissipation ranges. For Orion KL we determine that in the inertial range the spectrum can be approximately fitted with a power law k^-(2. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, 2Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, 3National Tsing Hua University, 4Submillimeter Array, Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 5Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

We used the Submillimeter Array (SMA) to observe the thermal polarized dust emission from the protostellar source NGC 2024 FIR 5. The polarized emission outlines a partial hourglass morphology for the plane-of-sky component of the core magnetic field. Our data are consistent with previous BIMA maps, and the overall magnetic field geometries obtained with both instruments are similar. Read More

Affiliations: 1Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 3Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 4Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics

We present observational results of the thermal dust continuum emission and its linear polarization in one of the nearest massive star-forming sites Orion BN/KL in Orion Molecular Cloud-1. The observations were carried out with the Submillimeter Array. With an angular resolution of 1" (~2 mpc; 480 AU), we have detected and resolved the densest cores near the BN/KL region. Read More

Affiliations: 1ASIAA, 2CSIC-IEEC, 3NRAO Jansky Fellow/U. Chicago, 4National Tsing-Hua University, 5NRC-HIA

We present polarization observations of the dust continuum emission from IRAS 16293 which is a Class 0 protostar and is known to have at least two components, source A and B. These measurements were conducted by the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at a frequency of ~341 GHz and with high angular resolution (~2-3 arcseconds). We find that the large scale global direction of the field, which is perpendicular to the observed polarization, appears to be along the dust ridge where the emission peaks. Read More


We present arcsecond-resolution Submillimeter Array (SMA) polarimetric observations of the 880 um continuum emission from the protoplanetary disks around two nearby stars, HD 163296 and TW Hydrae. Although previous observations and theoretical work have suggested that a 2-3% polarization fraction should be common for the millimeter continuum emission from such disks, we detect no polarized continuum emission above a 3-sigma upper limit of 7 mJy in each arcsecond-scale beam, or <1% in integrated continuum emission. We compare the SMA upper limits with the predictions from the exploratory Cho & Lazarian (2007) model of polarized emission from T Tauri disks threaded by toroidal magnetic fields, and rule out their fiducial model at the ~10-sigma level. Read More

We report our observational results of 870 $\mu$m continuum emission and its linear polarization in the massive star formation site W51 e2/e8. Inferred from the linear polarization maps, the magnetic field in the plane of sky (B$_{\bot}$) is traced with an angular resolution of 0$\farcs$7 with the Submillimeter Array (SMA). Whereas previous BIMA observations with an angular resolution of 3$\arcsec$ (0. Read More

We report high angular resolution (3") Submillimeter Array (SMA) observations of the molecular cloud associated with the Ultra-Compact HII region G5.89-0.39. Read More

Affiliations: 1NRAO/UChicago, 2ASIAA
Category: Astrophysics

We describe the Submillimeter Array (SMA) Polarimeter, a polarization converter and feed multiplexer installed on the SMA. The polarimeter uses narrow-band quarter-wave plates to generate circular polarization sensitivity from the linearly-polarized SMA feeds. The wave plates are mounted in rotation stages under computer control so that the polarization handedness of each antenna is rapidly selectable. Read More

We used the Submillimeter Array to map the angular distribution of the H30$\alpha$ recombination line (231.9 GHz) in the circumstellar region of the peculiar star MWC349A. The resolution was $1\farcs2$, but because of high signal-to-noise ratio we measured the positions of all maser components to accuracies better than $0\farcs01$, at a velocity resolution of $1 kms$. Read More

We report high-angular-resolution measurements of polarized dust emission toward the low-mass protostellar system NGC 1333 IRAS 4A. We show that in this system the observed magnetic field morphology is in agreement with the standard theoretical models of the formation of Sun-like stars in magnetized molecular clouds at scales of a few hundred astronomical units; gravity has overcome magnetic support, and the magnetic field traces a clear hourglass shape. The magnetic field is substantially more important than turbulence in the evolution of the system, and the initial misalignment of the magnetic and spin axes may have been important in the formation of the binary system. Read More

Affiliations: 1Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 2Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 3Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 4Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica
Category: Astrophysics

We report on the submillimeter properties of Sagittarius A* derived from observations with the Submillimeter Array and its polarimeter. We find that the spectrum of Sgr A* between 230 and 690 GHz is slightly decreasing when measured simultaneously, indicating a transition to optically thin emission around 300-400 GHz. We also present very sensitive and well calibrated measurements of the polarization of Sgr A* at 230 and 345 GHz. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Illinois, 2University of Illinois, 3University of Illinois, 4University of Illinois
Category: Astrophysics

We present the first interferometric polarization maps of the NGC2024 FIR5 molecular core obtained with the BIMA array at approximately 2 arcsec resolution. We measure an average position angle of -60+-6 degrees in the main core of FIR5 and 54+-9 degrees in the eastern wing of FIR5. The morphology of the polarization angles in the main core of FIR5 suggests that the field lines are parabolic with a symmetry axis approximately parallel to the major axis of the putative disk in FIR5, which is consistent with the theoretical scenario that the gravitational collapse pulled the field lines into an hour-glass shape. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Illionis, 2University of Illionis, 3University of Illionis, 4University of Illionis
Category: Astrophysics

We present the first interferometric polarization map of the W51 e1/e2 molecular cores obtained with the BIMA array at 1.3 mm wavelength with approximately 3 arcsecond resolution. The polarization angle varies smoothly across the double cores with an average position angle of 23+-5 degrees for W51 e1 and 15+-7 degrees for W51 e2. Read More