Raffaele Savelli

Raffaele Savelli
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Raffaele Savelli

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High Energy Physics - Theory (18)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (1)

Publications Authored By Raffaele Savelli

We find that the equations describing T-branes with constant worldvolume fields are identical to the equations found by Banks, Seiberg and Shenker twenty years ago to describe longitudinal five-branes in the BFSS matrix model. Besides giving new ways to construct T-brane solutions, this connection also helps elucidate the physics of T-branes in the regime of parameters where their worldvolume fields are larger than the string scale. We construct explicit solutions to the Banks-Seiberg-Shenker equations and show that the corresponding T-branes admit an alternative description as Abelian branes at angles. Read More

We examine SL(2, Z) anomalies in ten and eight-dimensional supergravities, the induced local counterterms and their realization in string theory. Composite connections play an important role in the cancellation mechanism. At the same time their global properties lead to novel non-trivial consistency constraints on compactifications. Read More

T-branes are supersymmetric configurations described by multiple Dp-branes with worldvolume flux and non-commuting vacuum expectation values for two of the worldvolume scalars. When these values are much larger than the string scale this description breaks down. We show that in this regime the correct description of T-branes is in terms of a single Dp-brane, whose worldvolume curvature encodes the T-brane data. Read More

T-branes are exotic bound states of D-branes, characterized by mutually non-commuting vacuum expectation values for the worldvolume scalars. The M/F-theory geometry lifting D6/D7-brane configurations is blind to the T-brane data. In this paper, we make this data manifest, by probing the geometry with an M2-brane. Read More

We study the effective physics of F-theory at order $\alpha'^3$ in derivative expansion. We show that the ten-dimensional type IIB eight-derivative couplings involving the graviton and the axio-dilaton naturally descend from pure gravity in twelve dimensions. Upon compactification on elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfolds, the non-trivial vacuum profile for the axio-dilaton leads to a new, genuinely N=1, $\alpha'^3$ correction to the four-dimensional effective action. Read More

We propose a framework for treating F-theory directly, without resolving or deforming its singularities. This allows us to explore new sectors of gauge theories, including exotic bound states such as T-branes, in a global context. We use the mathematical framework known as Eisenbud's matrix factorizations for hypersurface singularities. Read More

Bound states of 7-branes known as 'T-branes' have properties that defy usual geometric intuition. For instance, the gauge group of n coincident branes may not be U(n). More surprisingly, matter may show up at unexpected loci, such as points. Read More

We perform a Kaluza-Klein reduction of eleven-dimensional supergravity on a Calabi-Yau fourfold including terms quartic and cubic in the Riemann curvature and determine the induced corrections to the three-dimensional N=2 effective action. We focus on the effective Einstein-Hilbert term and the kinetic terms for vectors. Dualizing the vectors into scalars, we derive the resulting Kahler potential and complex coordinates. Read More

We consider N=1 F-theory and Type IIB orientifold compactifications and derive new \alpha' corrections to the four-dimensional effective action. They originate from higher derivative corrections to eleven-dimensional supergravity and survive the M-theory to F-theory limit. We find a correction to the Kahler moduli depending on a non-trivial intersection curve of seven-branes. Read More

We work out the exact in string coupling and perturbatively exact in \alpha' result for the vector multiplet moduli K\"ahler potential in a specific N=2 compactification of F-theory. The well-known correction cubic in \alpha' is absent, but there is a rich structure of corrections at all even orders in \alpha'. Moreover, each of these orders independently displays an SL(2,Z) invariant set of corrections in the string coupling. Read More

We consider the weak coupling limit of F-theory in the presence of non-Abelian gauge groups implemented using the traditional ansatz coming from Tate's algorithm. We classify the types of singularities that could appear in the weak coupling limit and explain their resolution. In particular, the weak coupling limit of SU(n) gauge groups leads to an orientifold theory which suffers from conifold singulaties that do not admit a crepant resolution compatible with the orientifold involution. Read More

We study the quantization of the M-theory G-flux on elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfolds with singularities giving rise to unitary and symplectic gauge groups. We seek and find its relation to the Freed-Witten quantization of worldvolume fluxes on 7-branes in type IIB orientifold compactifications on Calabi-Yau threefolds. By explicitly constructing the appropriate four-cycles on which to calculate the periods of the second Chern class of the fourfolds, we find that there is a half-integral shift in the quantization of G-flux whenever the corresponding dual 7-brane is wrapped on a non-spin submanifold. Read More

We compactify four-dimensional N=1 gauged supergravity theories on a circle including fluxes for shift-symmetric scalars. Four-dimensional Taub-NUT gravitational instantons universally correct the three-dimensional superpotential in the absence of fluxes. In the presence of fluxes these Taub-NUT instanton contributions are no longer gauge-invariant. Read More

We study the problem of four-form flux quantization in F-theory compactifications. We prove that for smooth, elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfolds with a Weierstrass representation, the flux is always integrally quantized. This implies that any possible half-integral quantization effects must come from 7-branes, i. Read More

In order to describe the appearance in F theory of the non--simply--laced Lie algebras, we use the representation of symmetry enhancements by means of string junctions. After an introduction to the techniques used to describe symmetry enhancement, that is algebraic geometry, BPS states analysis and string junctions, we concentrate on the latter. We give an explicit description of the folding of D_{2n} to B_n of the folding of E_6 to F_4 and that of D_4 to G_2 in terms of junctions and Jordan strings. Read More

We study the relations between pin structures on a non-orientable even-dimensional manifold, with or without boundary, and pin structures on its orientable double cover, requiring the latter to be invariant under sheet-exchange. We show that there is not a simple bijection, but that the natural map induced by pull-back is neither injective nor surjective: we thus find the conditions to recover a full correspondence. We also show how to describe such a correspondence using spinors instead of pinors on the double cover: this is in a certain sense possible, but in a way that contains anyhow an explicit reference to pinors. Read More

We "solve" the Freed-Witten anomaly equation, i.e., we find a geometrical classification of the B-field and A-field configurations in the presence of D-branes that are anomaly-free. Read More

We consider the two main classification methods of D-brane charges via K-theory, in type II superstring theory with vanishing B-field: the Gysin map approach and the one based on the Atiyah-Hirzebruch spectral sequence. Then, we find out an explicit link between these two approaches: the Gysin map provides a representative element of the equivalence class obtained via the spectral sequence. We also briefly discuss the case of rational coefficients, characterized by a complete equivalence between the two classification methods. Read More