Rafe Mazzeo - CMLS-EcolePolytechnique

Rafe Mazzeo
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Rafe Mazzeo

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Pub Categories

Mathematics - Differential Geometry (42)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (25)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (6)
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (5)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (4)
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (4)
Mathematics - Probability (3)
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (2)
Mathematics - Operator Algebras (2)
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (2)
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (1)
Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (1)

Publications Authored By Rafe Mazzeo

In this paper we study the moduli space of properly Alexandrov-embedded, minimal annuli in $\mathbb{H}^2 \times \mathbb{R}$ with horizontal ends. We say that the ends are horizontal when they are graphs of $\mathcal{C}^{2, \alpha}$ functions over $\partial_\infty \mathbb{H}^2$. Contrary to expectation, we show that one can not fully prescribe the two boundary curves at infinity, but rather, one can prescribe the bottom curve, but the top curve only up to a translation and a tilt, along with the position of the neck and the vertical flux of the annulus. Read More

Relative to a special boundary defining function, conformally compact asymptotically hyperbolic metrics have an expansion in a collar neighborhood of conformal infinity. When this expansion is even to a certain order and satisfies an additional auxiliary condition, a renormalized volume is defined. We prove such expansions are preserved under the normalized Ricci flow. Read More

For a complex simple simply connected Lie group $G$, and a compact Riemann surface $C$, we consider two sorts of families of flat $G$-connections over $C$. Each family is determined by a point ${\mathbf u}$ of the base of Hitchin's integrable system for $(G,C)$. One family $\nabla_{\hbar,{\mathbf u}}$ consists of $G$-opers, and depends on $\hbar \in {\mathbb C}^\times$. Read More

In this paper we develop a systematic deformation theory for conic constant curvature metrics on a closed surface when all cone angles are less than $2\pi$; in particular, we define and study the Teichm\"uller space $\mathcal{T}^{\mathrm{conic}}_{\gamma,k}$ of conic constant curvature metrics on a surface of genus $\gamma$ with $k$ conic points. The methods here are adopted from higher dimensional global analysis, generalizing Tromba's approach to the study of the standard Teichm\"uller space $\mathcal{T}_\gamma$. The main new ingredient is the theory of elliptic conic operators. Read More

We consider the asymptotic behavior of properly embedded minimal surfaces in the product of the hyperbolic plane with the line, taking into account the fact that there is more than one natural compactification of this space. This provides a better setting in which to consider the general problem of determining which curves at infinity are the asymptotic boundary of such minimal surfaces. We also construct some new examples of such surfaces and describe the boundary regularity. Read More

We consider the Riemann moduli space $\mathcal M_{\gamma}$ of conformal structures on a compact surface of genus $\gamma>1$ together with its Weil-Petersson metric $g_{\mathrm{WP}}$. Our main result is that $g_{\mathrm{WP}}$ admits a complete polyhomogeneous expansion in powers of the lengths of the short geodesics up to the singular divisors of the Deligne-Mumford compactification of $\mathcal M_{\gamma}$. Read More

Affiliations: 1CMLS-EcolePolytechnique, 2CMLS-EcolePolytechnique, 3CMLS-EcolePolytechnique

We consider a variational problem for submanifolds Q $\subset$ M with nonempty boundary $\partial$Q = K. We propose the definition that the boundary K of any critical point Q have constant mean curvature, which seems to be a new perspective when dim Q \textless{} dim M . We then construct small nearly-spherical solutions of this higher codimension CMC prob-lem; these concentrate near the critical points of a certain curvature function. Read More

We review recent work on the compactification of the moduli space of Hitchin's self-duality equation. We study the degeneration behavior near the ends of this moduli space in a set of generic directions by showing how limiting configurations can be desingularized. Following ideas of Hitchin, we can relate the top boundary stratum of this space of limiting configurations to a Prym variety. Read More

We study the regularity properties for solutions of a class of Schr\"odinger equations $(\Delta + V) u = 0$ on a stratified space $M$ endowed with an iterated edge metric. The focus is on obtaining optimal H\"older regularity of these solutions assuming fairly minimal conditions on the underlying metric and potential. Read More

We prove that the deformation theory of compactifiable asymptotically cylindrical Calabi-Yau manifolds is unobstructed. This relies on a detailed study of the Dolbeault-Hodge theory and its description in terms of the cohomology of the compactification. We also show that these Calabi-Yau metrics admit a polyhomogeneous expansion at infinity, a result that we extend to asymptotically conical Calabi-Yau metrics as well. Read More

We consider the mapping properties of generalized Laplace-type operators ${\mathcal L} = \nabla^* \nabla + {\mathcal R}$ on the class of quasi-asymptotically conical (QAC) spaces, which provide a Riemannian generalization of the QALE manifolds considered by Joyce. Our main result gives conditions under which such operators are Fredholm when between certain weighted Sobolev or weighted H\"older spaces. These are generalizations of well-known theorems in the asymptotically conical (or asymptotically Euclidean) setting, and also sharpen and extend corresponding theorems by Joyce. Read More

This paper continues the analysis, started in [2, 3], of a class of degenerate elliptic operators defined on manifolds with corners, which arise in Population Biology. Using techniques pioneered by J. Moser, and extended and refined by L. Read More

We associate to each stable Higgs pair $(A_0,\Phi_0)$ on a compact Riemann surface $X$ a singular limiting configuration $(A_\infty,\Phi_\infty)$, assuming that $\det \Phi$ has only simple zeroes. We then prove a desingularization theorem by constructing a family of solutions $(A_t,t\Phi_t)$ to Hitchin's equations which converge to this limiting configuration as $t \to \infty$. This provides a new proof, via gluing methods, for elements in the ends of the Higgs bundle moduli space and identifies a dense open subset of the boundary of the compactification of this moduli space. Read More

A classical theorem of Frankel for compact K\"ahler manifolds states that a K\"ahler S^1-action is Hamiltonian if and only if it has fixed points. We prove a metatheorem which says that when Hodge theory holds on non-compact manifolds, then Frankel's theorem still holds. Finally, we present several concrete situations in which the assumptions of the metatheorem hold. Read More

In this note we prove two existence theorems for the Einstein constraint equations on asymptotically Euclidean manifolds. The first is for arbitrary mean curvature functions with restrictions on the size of the transverse-traceless data and the non-gravitational field data, while the second assumes a near-CMC condition, with no other restrictions. Read More

The Nahm pole boundary condition for certain gauge theory equations in four and five dimensions is defined by requiring that a solution should have a specified singularity along the boundary. In the present paper, we show that this boundary condition is elliptic and has regularity properties analogous to more standard elliptic boundary conditions. We also establish a uniqueness theorem for the solution of the relevant equations on a half-space with Nahm pole boundary conditions. Read More

We develop a generalization to non-Witt spaces of the intersection homology theory of Goresky-MacPherson. The second author has described the self-dual sheaves compatible with intersection homology, and the other authors have described a generalization of Cheeger's L2 de Rham cohomology. In this paper we extend both of these cohomologies by describing all sheaf complexes in the derived category of constructible sheaves that are compatible with middle perversity intersection cohomology, though not necessarily self-dual. Read More

We prove the Novikov conjecture on oriented Cheeger spaces whose fundamental group satisfies the strong Novikov conjecture. A Cheeger space is a stratified pseudomanifold admitting, through a choice of ideal boundary conditions, an L2-de Rham cohomology theory satisfying Poincare duality. We prove that this cohomology theory is invariant under stratified homotopy equivalences and that its signature is invariant under Cheeger space cobordism. Read More

We extend the study of the de Rham operator with ideal boundary conditions from the case of isolated conic singularities, as analyzed by Cheeger, to the case of arbitrary stratified pseudomanifolds. We introduce a class of ideal boundary operators and the notion of mezzoperversity, which intermediates between the standard lower and upper middle perversities in intersection theory, as interpreted in this de Rham setting, and show that the de Rham operator with these boundary conditions is Fredholm and has compact resolvent. We also prove an isomorphism between the resulting Hodge and L2 de Rham cohomology groups, and that these are independent of the choice of iterated edge metric. Read More

We study the evolution of the renormalized volume functional for asymptotically Poincare-Einstein metrics (M,g) which are evolving by normalized Ricci flow. In particular, we prove that the time derivative of the renormalized volume along the flow is the negative integral of scal(g(t)) + n(n-1) over the manifold. This implies that if scal(g(0))+n(n-1) is non-negative at t=0, then the renormalized volume decreases monotonically. Read More

This is a continuation of the first author's development of the theory of elliptic differential operators with edge degeneracies. That first paper treated basic mapping theory, focusing on semi-Fredholm properties on weighted Sobolev and H\"older spaces and regularity in the form of asymptotic expansions of solutions. The present paper builds on this through the formulation of boundary conditions and the construction of parametrices for the associated boundary problems. Read More

We establish the short-time existence of the Ricci flow on surfaces with a finite number of conic points, all with cone angle between 0 and $2\pi$, where the cone angles remain fixed or change in some smooth prescribed way. For the angle-preserving flow we prove long-time existence and convergence. When the Troyanov angle condition is satisfied (equivalently, when the data is logarithmically K-stable), the flow converges to the unique constant curvature metric with the given cone angles; if this condition is not satisfied, the flow converges subsequentially to a soliton. Read More

We continue our previous work studying critical exponent semilinear elliptic (and subelliptic) problems which generalize the classical Yamabe problem. In [3] the focus was on metric-measure spaces with an `almost smooth' structure, with stratified spaces furnishing the key examples. The criterion for solvability there is phrased in terms of a strict inequality of the global Yamabe invariant with a `local Yamabe invariant', which captures information about the local singular structure. Read More

This paper surveys a few aspects of the global theory of wave equations. This material is structured around the contents of a minicourse given by the second author during the CMI/ETH Summer School on evolution equations during the Summer of 2008. Read More

We introduce new invariants of a Riemannian singular space, the local Yamabe and Sobolev constants, and then go on to prove a general version of the Yamabe theorem under that the global Yamabe invariant of the space is strictly less than one or the other of these local invariants. This rests on a small number of structural assumptions about the space and of the behavior of the scalar curvature function on its smooth locus. The second half of this paper shows how this result applies in the category of smoothly stratified pseudomanifolds, and we also prove sharp regularity for the solutions on these spaces. Read More

We construct the first examples of complete, properly embedded minimal surfaces in $\mathbb{H}^2 \times \mathbb{R}$ with finite total curvature and positive genus. These are constructed by gluing copies of horizontal catenoids or other nondegenerate summands. We also establish that every horizontal catenoid is nondegenerate. Read More

We study the spectral geometric properties of the scalar Laplace-Beltrami operator associated to the Weil-Petersson metric $g_{\mathrm{WP}}$ on $\mathcal M_\gamma$, the Riemann moduli space of surfaces of genus $\gamma > 1$. This space has a singular compactification with respect to $g_{\mathrm{WP}}$, and this metric has crossing cusp-edge singularities along a finite collection of simple normal crossing divisors. We prove first that the scalar Laplacian is essentially self-adjoint, which then implies that its spectrum is discrete. Read More

We study various aspects related to boundary regularity of complete properly embedded Willmore surfaces in H3, particularly those related to assumptions on boundedness or smallness of a certain weighted version of the Willmore energy. We prove, in particular, that small energy controls C1 boundary regularity. We examine the possible lack of C1 convergence for sequences of surfaces with bounded Willmore energy and find that the mechanism responsible for this is a bubbling phenomenon, where energy escapes to infinity. Read More

In this paper we study the existence of multiple-layer solutions to the elliptic Allen-Cahn equation in hyperbolic space: \[ -\Delta_{\mathbb H} u+F'(u)=0; \] here $F$ is a nonnegative double-well potential with nondegenerate minima. We prove that for any collection of widely separated, non-intersecting hyperplanes in ${\mathbb H}$, there is a solution to this equation which has nodal set very close to this collection of hyperplanes. Unlike the corresponding problem in $\RR^n$, there are no constraints beyond the separation parameter. Read More

We construct large classes of vacuum general relativistic initial data sets, possibly with a cosmological constant Lambda, containing ends of cylindrical type. Read More

In this paper we prove a variety of results about the signature operator on Witt spaces. First, we give a parametrix construction for the signature operator on any compact, oriented, stratified pseudomanifold X which satisfies the Witt condition. This construction, which is inductive over the `depth' of the singularity, is then used to show that the signature operator is essentially self-adjoint and has discrete spectrum of finite multiplicity, so that its index -- the analytic signature of X -- is well-defined. Read More

We analyze a class of partial differential equations that arise as "backwards Kolmogorov operators" in infinite population limits of the Wright-Fisher models in population genetics and in mathematical finance. These are degenerate elliptic operators defined on manifolds with corners. The classical example is the Kimura diffusion operator, which acts on functions defined on the simplex in R^n. Read More

This article considers the existence and regularity of Kahler-Einstein metrics on a compact Kahler manifold $M$ with edge singularities with cone angle $2\pi\beta$ along a smooth divisor $D$. We prove existence of such metrics with negative, zero and some positive cases for all cone angles $2\pi\beta\leq 2\pi$. The results in the positive case parallel those in the smooth case. Read More

Ricci flow on two dimensional surfaces is far simpler than in the higher dimensional cases. This presents an opportunity to obtain much more detailed and comprehensive results. We review the basic facts about this flow, including the original results by Hamilton and Chow concerning Ricci flow on compact surfaces. Read More

Let (M,g) be an odd-dimensional incomplete compact Riemannian singular space with a simple edge singularity. We study the analytic torsion on M, and in particular consider how it depends on the metric g. If g is an admissible edge metric, we prove that the torsion zeta function is holomorphic near s = 0, hence the torsion is well-defined, but possibly depends on g. Read More

As part of the general investigation of Ricci flow on complete surfaces with finite total curvature, we study this flow for surfaces with asymptotically conical (which includes as a special case asymptotically Euclidean) geometries. After establishing long-time existence, and in particular the fact that the flow preserves the asymptotically conic geometry, we prove that the solution metric $g(t)$ expands at a locally uniform linear rate; moreover, the rescaled family of metrics $t^{-1}g(t)$ exhibits a transition at infinite time inasmuch as it converges locally uniformly to a complete, finite area hyperbolic metric which is the unique uniformizing metric in the conformal class of the initial metric $g_0$. Read More

For geometrically finite hyperbolic manifolds $\Gamma\backslash H^{n+1}$, we prove the meromorphic extension of the resolvent of Laplacian, Poincar\'e series, Einsenstein series and scattering operator to the whole complex plane. We also deduce the asymptotics of lattice points of $\Gamma$ in large balls of $H^{n+1}$ in terms of the Hausdorff dimension of the limit set of $\Gamma$. Read More

We investigate the singular sets of solutions of conformally covariant elliptic operators of fractional order with the goal of developing generalizations of some well-known properties of solutions of the singular Yamabe problem. Read More

This is a sequel to the paper "The signature package on Witt spaces, I. Index classes" by the same authors. In the first part we investigated, via a parametrix construction, the regularity properties of the signature operator on a stratified Witt pseudomanifold, proving, in particular, that one can define a K-homology signature class. Read More

The deformation theory of hyperbolic and Euclidean cone-manifolds with all cone angles less then 2{\pi} plays an important role in many problems in low dimensional topology and in the geometrization of 3-manifolds. Furthermore, various old conjectures dating back to Stoker about the moduli of convex hyperbolic and Euclidean polyhedra can be reduced to the study of deformations of cone-manifolds by doubling a polyhedron across its faces. This deformation theory has been understood by Hodgson and Kerckhoff when the singular set has no vertices, and by Wei{\ss} when the cone angles are less than {\pi}. Read More

We analyze the diffusion processes associated to equations of Wright-Fisher type in one spatial dimension. These are defined by a degenerate second order operator on the interval [0, 1], where the coefficient of the second order term vanishes simply at the endpoints, and the first order term is an inward-pointing vector field. We consider various aspects of this problem, motivated by applications in population genetics, including a sharp regularity theory for the zero flux boundary conditions, as well as a derivation of the precise asymptotics for solutions of this equation, both as t goes to 0 and infinity, and as x goes to 0, 1. Read More

We give a parametrix construction for the signature operator on any compact, oriented, stratified pseudomanifold X which satisfies the Witt condition. This construction is inductive. It is then used to show that the signature operator is essentially self-adjoint and has discrete spectrum of finite multiplicity, so that its index -- the analytic signature of X -- is well-defined. Read More

Let $\Omega_0$ be a polygon in $\RR^2$, or more generally a compact surface with piecewise smooth boundary and corners. Suppose that $\Omega_\e$ is a family of surfaces with $\calC^\infty$ boundary which converges to $\Omega_0$ smoothly away from the corners, and in a precise way at the vertices to be described in the paper. Fedosov \cite{Fe}, Kac \cite{K} and McKean-Singer \cite{MS} recognized that certain heat trace coefficients, in particular the coefficient of $t^0$, are not continuous as $\e \searrow 0$. Read More

We construct examples of compact and one-ended constant mean curvature surfaces with large mean curvature in Riemannian manifolds with axial symmetry by gluing together small spheres positioned end-to-end along a geodesic. Such surfaces cannot exist in Euclidean space, but we show that the gradient of the ambient scalar curvature acts as a `friction term' which permits the usual analytic gluing construction to be carried out. Read More

Assume that $f(s) = F'(s)$ where $F$ is a double-well potential. Under certain conditions on the Lipschitz constant of $f$ on $[-1,1]$, we prove that arbitrary bounded global solutions of the semilinear equation $\Delta u = f(u)$ on hyperbolic space $\HH^n$ must reduce to functions of one variable provided they admit asymptotic boundary values on the infinite boundary of $\HH^n$ which are invariant under a cohomogeneity one subgroup of the group of isometries of $\HH^n$. We also prove existence of these one-dimensional solutions. Read More

If $Y$ is a properly embedded minimal surface in a convex cocompact hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ with boundary at infinity an embedded curve $\gamma$, then Graham and Witten showed how to define a renormalized area $\calA$ of $Y$ via Hadamard regularization. We study renormalized area as a functional on the space of all such minimal surfaces. This requires a closer examination of these moduli spaces; following White and Coskunuzer, we prove these are Banach manifolds and that the natural map taking $Y$ to $\gamma$ is Fredholm of index zero and proper, which leads to the existence of a $\ZZ$-valued degree theory for this mapping. Read More

Let $(M,g)$ be an asymptotically hyperbolic manifold with a smooth conformal compactification. We establish a general correspondence between semilinear elliptic equations of scalar curvature type on $\del M$ and Weingarten foliations in some neighbourhood of infinity in $M$. We focus mostly on foliations where each leaf has constant mean curvature, though our results apply equally well to foliations where the leaves have constant $\sigma_k$-curvature. Read More

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact K\"ahler-Einstein manifold with $c_1 > 0$. Denote by $K\to M$ the canonical line-bundle, with total space $X$, and $X_0$ the singular space obtained by blowing down $X$ along its zero section. We employ a construction by Page and Pope and discuss an interesting multi-parameter family of Poincar\'e--Einstein metrics on $X$. Read More

We prove the existence of self-similar expanding solutions of the curvature flow on planar networks where the initial configuration is any number of half-lines meeting at the origin. This generalizes recent work by Schn\"urer and Schulze which treats the case of three half-lines. There are multiple solutions, and these are parametrized by combinatorial objects, namely Steiner trees with respect to a complete negatively curved metric on the unit ball which span $k$ specified points on the boundary at infinity. Read More