Rachid Guerraoui - LPD, EPFL

Rachid Guerraoui
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Contact Details

Name
Rachid Guerraoui
Affiliation
LPD, EPFL
City
Lausanne
Country
Switzerland

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Pub Categories

 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (9)
 
Computer Science - Learning (3)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (3)
 
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2)
 
Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science (1)
 
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Computer Science - Multiagent Systems (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)

Publications Authored By Rachid Guerraoui

Consider a set of agents in a peer-to-peer communication network, where each agent has a personal dataset and a personal learning objective. The main question addressed in this paper is: how can agents collaborate to improve upon their locally learned model without leaking sensitive information about their data? Our first contribution is to reformulate this problem so that it can be solved by a block coordinate descent algorithm. We obtain an efficient and fully decentralized protocol working in an asynchronous fashion. Read More

In reinforcement learning, agents learn by performing actions and observing their outcomes. Sometimes, it is desirable for a human operator to \textit{interrupt} an agent in order to prevent dangerous situations from happening. Yet, as part of their learning process, agents may link these interruptions, that impact their reward, to specific states and deliberately avoid them. Read More

The growth of data, the need for scalability and the complexity of models used in modern machine learning calls for distributed implementations. Yet, as of today, distributed machine learning frameworks have largely ignored the possibility of arbitrary (i.e. Read More

Causal consistency is one of the most adopted consistency criteria for distributed implementations of data structures. It ensures that operations are executed at all sites according to their causal precedence. We address the issue of verifying automatically whether the executions of an implementation of a data structure are causally consistent. Read More

Programming with replicated objects is difficult. Developers must face the fundamental trade-off between consistency and performance head on, while struggling with the complexity of distributed storage stacks. We introduce Correctables, a novel abstraction that hides most of this complexity, allowing developers to focus on the task of balancing consistency and performance. Read More

The Byzantine agreement problem requires a set of $n$ processes to agree on a value sent by a transmitter, despite a subset of $b$ processes behaving in an arbitrary, i.e. Byzantine, manner and sending corrupted messages to all processes in the system. Read More

In its classical form, a consistent replicated service requires all replicas to witness the same evolution of the service state. Assuming a message-passing environment with a majority of correct processes, the necessary and sufficient information about failures for implementing a general state machine replication scheme ensuring consistency is captured by the {\Omega} failure detector. This paper shows that in such a message-passing environment, {\Omega} is also the weakest failure detector to implement an eventually consistent replicated service, where replicas are expected to agree on the evolution of the service state only after some (a priori unknown) time. Read More

Self-stabilization ensures that, after any transient fault, the system recovers in a finite time and eventually exhibits a correct behaviour. Speculation consists in guaranteeing that the system satisfies its requirements for any execution but exhibits significantly better performances for a subset of executions that are more probable. A speculative protocol is in this sense supposed to be both robust and efficient in practice. Read More

Self-stabilization ensures that, after any transient fault, the system recovers in a finite time and eventually exhibits. Speculation consists in guaranteeing that the system satisfies its requirements for any execution but exhibits significantly better performances for a subset of executions that are more probable. A speculative protocol is in this sense supposed to be both robust and efficient in practice. Read More

This paper shows for the first time that distributed computing can be both reliable and efficient in an environment that is both highly dynamic and hostile. More specifically, we show how to maintain clusters of size $O(\log N)$, each containing more than two thirds of honest nodes with high probability, within a system whose size can vary \textit{polynomially} with respect to its initial size. Furthermore, the communication cost induced by each node arrival or departure is polylogarithmic with respect to $N$, the maximal size of the system. Read More

We consider the problem of computing an aggregation function in a \emph{secure} and \emph{scalable} way. Whereas previous distributed solutions with similar security guarantees have a communication cost of $O(n^3)$, we present a distributed protocol that requires only a communication complexity of $O(n\log^3 n)$, which we prove is near-optimal. Our protocol ensures perfect security against a computationally-bounded adversary, tolerates $(1/2-\epsilon)n$ malicious nodes for any constant $1/2 > \epsilon > 0$ (not depending on $n$), and outputs the exact value of the aggregated function with high probability. Read More