R. Zhang

R. Zhang
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R. Zhang

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Mathematics - Information Theory (15)
Computer Science - Information Theory (15)
Physics - Superconductivity (4)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (4)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (3)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (3)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Physics - Materials Science (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Computer Science - Databases (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Computer Science - Architecture (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Computer Science - Digital Libraries (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Computer Science - Graphics (1)
Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (1)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)

Publications Authored By R. Zhang

Light beams can be characterized by their complex spatial profiles in both intensity and phase. Analogous to time signals, which can be decomposed into multiple orthogonal frequency functions, a light beam can also be decomposed into a set of spatial modes that are taken from an orthogonal basis. Such a decomposition can provide a tool for spatial spectrum analysis, which may allow the stable, accurate and robust extraction of physical object information that may not be readily achievable using traditional approaches. Read More

In conventional terrestrial cellular systems, mobile terminals (MTs) at the cell edge often pose the performance bottleneck due to their long distance from the ground base station (GBS), especially in hotspot areas. This paper proposes a new hybrid network architecture by leveraging the use of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) as an aerial mobile base station, which flies cyclically along the cell edge to serve the cell-edge MTs and help offloading the traffic from the GBS. To achieve user fairness, we aim to maximize the minimum throughput of all MTs in a single cell by jointly optimizing the UAV's trajectory, as well as the bandwidth allocation and user partitioning between the UAV and GBS. Read More

The Kondo effect describes the spin-exchanging interaction between localized impurity and the itinerant fermions. The ultracold alkaline-earth atomic gas provides a natural platform for quantum simulation of the Kondo model, utilizing its long-lived clock state and the nuclear-spin exchanging interaction between the clock state and the ground state. One of the key issue now is whether the Kondo temperature can be high enough to be reached in current experiment, for which we have proposed using a transverse confinement to confine atoms into a one-dimensional tube and to utilize the confinement-induced resonance to enhance the Kondo coupling. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Göttingen, 2Michigan State University, 3Michigan State University

In this paper a deterministic sparse Fourier transform algorithm is presented which breaks the quadratic-in-sparsity runtime bottleneck for a large class of periodic functions exhibiting structured frequency support. These functions include, e.g. Read More

This work presents theoretical demonstration of Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect in monolayer phosphorene nanorings (PNR). Atomistic quantum transport simulations of PNR are employed to investigate the impact of multiple modulation sources on the sample conductance. In presence of a perpendicular magnetic field, we find that the conductance of both armchair and zigzag PNR oscillate periodically in a low-energy window as a manifestation of the AB effect. Read More

We propose a deep learning approach for user-guided image colorization. The system directly maps a grayscale image, along with sparse, local user "hints" to an output colorization with a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Rather than using hand-defined rules, the network propagates user edits by fusing low-level cues along with high-level semantic information, learned from large-scale data. Read More

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have attracted significant interest recently in assisting wireless communication due to their high maneuverability, flexible deployment, and low cost. This paper considers a multi-UAV enabled wireless communication system, where multiple UAV-mounted aerial base stations (BSs) are employed to serve a group of users on the ground. To achieve fair performance among users, we maximize the minimum throughput over all ground users in the downlink communication by optimizing the multiuser communication scheduling and association jointly with the UAVs' trajectory and power control. Read More

Evergreens in science are papers that display a continual rise in annual citations without decline, at least within a sufficiently long time period. Aiming to better understand evergreens in particular and patterns of citation trajectory in general, this paper develops a functional data analysis method to cluster citation trajectories of a sample of 1699 research papers published in 1980 in the American Physical Society (APS) journals. We propose a functional Poisson regression model for individual papers' citation trajectories, and fit the model to the observed 30-year citations of individual papers by functional principal component analysis and maximum likelihood estimation. Read More

Let $(\mathfrak{g},\omega)$ be a finite-dimensional non-Lie complex $\omega$-Lie algebra. We study the derivation algebra $Der(\mathfrak{g})$ and the automorphism group $Aut(\mathfrak{g})$ of $(\mathfrak{g},\omega)$. We introduce the notions of $\omega$-derivations and $\omega$-automorphisms of $(\mathfrak{g},\omega)$ which naturally preserve the bilinear form $\omega$. Read More

Wireless surveillance is becoming increasingly important to protect the public security by legitimately eavesdropping suspicious wireless communications. This paper studies the wireless surveillance of a two-hop suspicious communication link by a half-duplex legitimate monitor. By exploring the suspicious link's two-hop nature, the monitor can adaptively choose among the following three eavesdropping modes to improve the eavesdropping performance: (I) \emph{passive eavesdropping} to intercept both hops to decode the message collectively, (II) \emph{proactive eavesdropping} via {\emph{noise jamming}} over the first hop, and (III) \emph{proactive eavesdropping} via {\emph{hybrid jamming}} over the second hop. Read More

This paper considers a three-node mobile edge computing (MEC) system that consists of a user node having latency-constrained computation tasks to be executed, a helper node, and an access point (AP) attached with an MEC server. We propose a novel joint computation and communication cooperation approach, where the helper uses its local computation and communication resources to help the user's task execution. In particular, we develop a four-slot protocol to enable this approach. Read More

In this work, we introduce $\beta$-expansion, a notion borrowed from number theory, as a theoretical framework to study fast construction of polar codes based on a recursive structure of universal partial order (UPO) and polarization weight (PW) algorithm. We show that polar codes can be recursively constructed from UPO by continuously solving several polynomial equations at each recursive step. From these polynomial equations, we can extract an interval for $\beta$, such that ranking the synthetic channels through a closed-form $\beta$-expansion preserves the property of nested frozen sets, which is a desired feature for low-complex construction. Read More

The extraordinary properties and the novel applications of black phosphorene induce the research interest on the monolayer group-IV monochalcogenides. Here using the first-principles calculations, we systematically investigate the electronic, transport and optical properties of monolayer $\alpha-$ and $\beta-$GeSe, the latter of which was recently experimentally realized. We found that, monolayer $\alpha-$GeSe is a semiconductor with direct band gap of 1. Read More

Ambient backscatter communication (AmBC) enables radio-frequency (RF) powered backscatter devices (BDs) (e.g., sensors, tags) to modulate their information bits over ambient RF carriers in an over-the-air manner. Read More

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have attracted significant interest recently in wireless communication due to their high maneuverability, flexible deployment, and low cost. This paper studies a UAV-enabled wireless network where the UAV is employed as an aerial mobile base station (BS) to serve a group of users on the ground. To achieve fair performance among users, we maximize the minimum throughput over all ground users by jointly optimizing the multiuser communication scheduling and UAV trajectory over a finite horizon. Read More

Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

A family of sharp target range strategies is presented for portfolio selection problems. Our proposed strategy maximizes the expected portfolio value within a target range, composed of a conservative lower target representing capital guarantee and a desired upper target representing investment goal. This strategy favorably shapes the entire probability distribution of return, as it simultaneously seeks a high expected return, cuts off downside risk, and implicitly caps volatility, skewness and other higher moments of the return distribution. Read More

Semidefinite programs (SDPs) are powerful theoretical tools that have been studied for over two decades, but their practical use remains limited due to computational difficulties in solving large-scale, realistic-sized problems. In this paper, we describe a modified interior-point method for the efficient solution of large-and-sparse low-rank SDPs, which finds applications in graph theory, approximation theory, control theory, sum-of-squares etc. Given that the problem data is large-and-sparse, conjugate gradients (CG) can be used to avoid forming, storing, and factoring the large and fully-dense interior-point Hessian matrix, but the resulting convergence rate is usually slow due to ill-conditioning. Read More

The gravitational lensing and time delay for charged black holes with scalar hair in Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theory are studied. We find, with the increase of scalar hair, that the radius of the photon sphere, minimum impact parameter, angular image position and relative magnitude increase, while the deflection angle and angular image separation decrease. We also show, for the primary relativistic image which is formed by the light does not loop around the lens and situated on the same side of the source, that the scalar hair increases the time delay. Read More

We analysed the flux-flow region of isofield magneto resistivity data obtained on three crystals of BaFe$_{2-x}$Ni$_x$As$_2$ with $T_c$$\sim$20 K for three different geometries relative to the angle formed between the applied magnetic field and the c-axis of the crystals. The field dependent activation energy, $U_0$, was obtained from the TAFF and modified vortex-glass models, which were compared with the values of $U_0$ obtained from flux-creep available in the literature. We observed that the $U_0$ obtained from the TAFF model show deviations among the different crystals, while the correspondent glass lines obtained from the vortex glass model are virtually coincident. Read More

This paper proposes and analyzes a new full-duplex (FD) cooperative cognitive radio network with wireless energy harvesting (EH). We consider that the secondary receiver is equipped with a FD radio and acts as a FD hybrid access point (HAP), which aims to collect information from its associated EH secondary transmitter (ST) and relay the signals. The ST is assumed to be equipped with an EH unit and a rechargeable battery such that it can harvest and accumulate energy from radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted by the primary transmitter (PT) and the HAP. Read More

Wireless powered communication network (WPCN) is a novel networking paradigm that uses radio frequency (RF) wireless energy transfer (WET) technology to power the information transmissions of wireless devices (WDs). When energy and information are transferred in the same frequency band, a major design issue is transmission scheduling to avoid interference and achieve high communication performance. Commonly used centralized scheduling methods in WPCN may result in high control signaling overhead and thus are not suitable for wireless networks constituting a large number of WDs with random locations and dynamic operations. Read More

In this paper, we study the waveform design problem for a single-input single-output (SISO) radio-frequency (RF) wireless power transfer (WPT) system in frequency-selective channels. First, based on the actual non-linear current-voltage model of the diode at the energy receiver, we derive a semi-closed-form expression for the deliverable DC voltage in terms of the incident RF signal and hence obtain the average harvested power. Next, by adopting a multisine waveform structure for the transmit signal of the energy transmitter, we jointly design the multisine signal amplitudes and phases overall frequency tones according to the channel state information (CSI) to maximize the deliverable DC voltage or harvested power. Read More

The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a multipurpose neutrino experiment with a 20 kt liquid scintillator detector designed to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy, and measure the neutrino oscillation parameters. Linear alkyl benzene (LAB) will be used as the solvent for the liquid scintillation system in the central detector of JUNO. For this purpose, we have prepared LAB samples, and have measured their light attenuation lengths, with one achieving a length of 25. Read More

In this paper, we establish a small time large deviation principle for the strong solution of 3D stochastic primitive equations driven by multiplicative noise. Both the small noise and the small, but highly nonlinear, unbounded nonlinear terms should be taken into consideration. Read More

In this paper, we tackle the accurate and consistent Structure from Motion (SfM) problem, in particular camera registration, far exceeding the memory of a single computer in parallel. Different from the previous methods which drastically simplify the parameters of SfM and sacrifice the accuracy, consistency, and robustness of the final reconstruction, we preserve as many connectivities among cameras as possible by proposing a camera clustering algorithm to divide a large SfM problem into smaller sub-problems in terms of camera clusters with overlapping. We then exploit a hybrid formulation that applies the relative motions from local incremental SfM into a global motion averaging framework and produce superior accurate and consistent global camera poses. Read More

When the parameter $q$ is a root of unity, the Temperley-Lieb algebra $TL_n(q)$ is non-semisimple for almost all $n$. Jones showed that there is a canonical symmetric bilinear form on $TL_n(q)$, whose radical $R_n(q)$ is generated by a certain idempotent $E_\ell\in TL_{\ell-1}(q)\subseteq TL_n(q)$, which is now referred to as the Jones-Wenzl idempotent, for which an explicit formula was subsequently given by Graham and Lehrer. In this work, we study the quotients $Q_n(\ell):=TL_n(q)/R_n(q)$, where $|q^2|=\ell$, which are precisely the algebras generated by Jones' projections. Read More

Despite the successes in capturing continuous distributions, the application of generative adversarial networks (GANs) to discrete settings, like natural language tasks, is rather restricted. The fundamental reason is the difficulty of back-propagation through discrete random variables combined with the inherent instability of the GAN training objective. To address these problems, we propose Maximum-Likelihood Augmented Discrete Generative Adversarial Networks. Read More

The photoproduction of doubly heavy baryon, $\Xi_{cc}$, $\Xi_{bc}$ and $\Xi_{bb}$, is predicted within the nonrelativistic QCD at the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC). The $\Xi_{QQ'}$ production via the photon-gluon fusing channel $\gamma + g \to \langle{QQ'}\rangle[n] +\bar{Q} +\bar{Q'}$ and the extrinsic heavy quark channel $\gamma + Q \to \langle{QQ'}\rangle[n]+\bar{Q'}$ have been considered, where $Q$ or $Q'$ stand for heavy $c$ or $b$ quark and $\langle{QQ'}\rangle[n]$ stands for a $QQ'$ diquark with given spin- and color- configurations $[n]$. The diquark shall fragmentate into $\Xi_{QQ'}$ baryon with high probability. Read More

This paper introduces Progressively Diffused Networks (PDNs) for unifying multi-scale context modeling with deep feature learning, by taking semantic image segmentation as an exemplar application. Prior neural networks, such as ResNet, tend to enhance representational power by increasing the depth of architectures and driving the training objective across layers. However, we argue that spatial dependencies in different layers, which generally represent the rich contexts among data elements, are also critical to building deep and discriminative representations. Read More

In magnetic resonant coupling (MRC) enabled multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless power transfer (WPT) systems, multiple transmitters (TXs) each with one single coil are used to enhance the efficiency of simultaneous power transfer to multiple single-coil receivers (RXs) by constructively combining their induced magnetic fields at the RXs, a technique termed "magnetic beamforming". In this paper, we study the optimal magnetic beamforming design in a multi-user MIMO MRC-WPT system. We introduce the multi-user power region that constitutes all the achievable power tuples for all RXs, subject to the given total power constraint over all TXs as well as their individual peak voltage and current constraints. Read More

Research on black phosphorus (BP) has been experiencing a renaissance over the last few years, after the demonstration that few-layer BP exhibits high carrier mobility and a thickness-dependent band gap. For a long time, bulk BP is also known to be a superconductor under high pressure exceeding 10 GPa. The superconductivity is due to a structural transformation into another allotrope of phosphorous and accompanied by a semiconductor-metal transition. Read More

Entity extraction is fundamental to many text mining tasks such as organisation name recognition. A popular approach to entity extraction is based on matching sub-string candidates in a document against a dictionary of entities. To handle spelling errors and name variations of entities, usually the matching is approximate and edit or Jaccard distance is used to measure dissimilarity between sub-string candidates and the entities. Read More

High-temperature superconductivity occurs near antiferromagnetic instabilities and nematic state. Debate remains on the origin of nematic order in FeSe and its relation with superconductivity. Here, we use transport, neutron scatter- ing and Fermi surface measurements to demonstrate that hydro-thermo grown superconducting FeS, an isostructure of FeSe, is a tetragonal paramagnet without nematic order and with a quasiparticle mass significantly reduced from that of FeSe. Read More

Portable computing devices, which include tablets, smart phones and various types of wearable sensors, experienced a rapid development in recent years. One of the most critical limitations for these devices is the power consumption as they use batteries as the power supply. However, the bottleneck of the power saving schemes in both hardware design and software algorithm is the huge variability in power consumption. Read More

The structures, point defects and impacts of fission products for U3Si (\b{eta}-U3Si and {\gamma}-U3Si) and USi2 ({\alpha}-USi2 and \b{eta}-USi2) are studied by first-principles calculations. The lattice parameters of U3Si and USi2 are calculated and the stability of different types of point defects is predicted by their formation energies. The results show that silicon vacancies are more prone to be produced than uranium vacancies in \b{eta}-USi2 matrix, while uranium vacancies are the most stable defects of other three types of crystallographic structures. Read More

We use transport and neutron scattering to study the electronic phase diagram and spin excitations of NaFe$_{1-x}$Cu$_x$As single crystals. Similar to Co- and Ni-doped NaFeAs, a bulk superconducting phase appears near $x\approx2\%$ with the suppression of stripe-type magnetic order in NaFeAs. Upon further increasing Cu concentration the system becomes insulating, culminating in an antiferromagnetically ordered insulating phase near $x\approx 50\%$. Read More

Recent successes in learning-based image classification, however, heavily rely on the large number of annotated training samples, which may require considerable human efforts. In this paper, we propose a novel active learning framework, which is capable of building a competitive classifier with optimal feature representation via a limited amount of labeled training instances in an incremental learning manner. Our approach advances the existing active learning methods in two aspects. Read More

User-generated social media data are exploding and also of high demand in public and private sectors. The disclosure of complete and intact social media data exacerbates the threats to user privacy. In this paper, we first identify a text-based user-linkage attack on current social media data publishing practices, in which the real users of anonymous IDs in a published dataset can be pinpointed based on the users' unprotected text data. Read More

In this paper, we first propose a novel generalized power iteration method (GPI) to solve the quadratic problem on the Stiefel manifold (QPSM) as min_{W^TW=I}Tr(W^TAW-2W^TB) along with the theoretical analysis. Accordingly, its special case known as the orthogonal least square regression (OLSR) is under further investigation. Based on the aforementioned studies, we then cast major focus on solving the unbalanced orthogonal procrustes problem (UOPP). Read More

We make a detailed study on the photoproduction mechanism of the doubly heavy flavored $B_c^{(*)}$ meson at the purposed Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC) within the framework of nonrelativistic QCD. In addition to the photoproduction mechanism via the gluon-induced channel $\gamma + g \to B_c^{(*)} + b + \bar{c}$, the extrinsic heavy quark mechanism via the two channels $\gamma + c \to B_c^{(*)} + b $ and $\gamma + \bar{b} \to B_c^{(*)} + \bar{c}$ has also been studied. Those two extrinsic channels are generally suppressed by the heavy quark distribution functions in proton, which however provide significant contributions in low and intermediate $p_T$ region. Read More

This letter studies an emerging wireless communication intervention problem at the physical layer, where a legitimate spoofer aims to spoof a malicious link from Alice to Bob, by replacing Alice's transmitted source message with its target message at Bob side. From an information-theoretic perspective, we are interested in characterizing the maximum achievable spoofing rate of this new spoofing channel, which is equivalent to the maximum achievable rate of the target message at Bob, under the condition that Bob cannot decode the source message from Alice. We propose a novel combined spoofing approach, where the spoofer sends its own target message, combined with a processed version of the source message to cancel the source message at Bob. Read More

Conventional wireless security assumes wireless communications are rightful and aims to protect them against malicious eavesdropping and jamming attacks. However, emerging infrastructure-free mobile communication networks are likely to be illegally used (e.g. Read More

We present a new proof of the Joints Theorem without taking derivatives. Then we generalize the proof to prove the Multijoints Conjecture and Carbery's generalization. All results are in any dimension over an arbitrary field. Read More

Cloud radio access network (CRAN), in which remote radio heads (RRHs) are deployed to serve users in a target area, and connected to a central processor (CP) via limited-capacity links termed the fronthaul, is a promising candidate for the next-generation wireless communication systems. Due to the content-centric nature of future wireless communications, it is desirable to cache popular contents beforehand at the RRHs, to reduce the burden on the fronthaul and achieve energy saving through cooperative transmission. This motivates our study in this paper on the energy efficient transmission in an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA)-based CRAN with multiple RRHs and users, where the RRHs can prefetch popular contents. Read More

Structure-preserving geometric algorithm for the Vlasov-Maxwell (VM) equations is currently an active research topic. We show that spatially-discretized Hamiltonian systems for the VM equations admit a local energy conservation law in space-time. This is accomplished by proving that for a general spatially-discretized system, a global conservation law always implies a discrete local conservation law in space-time when the algorithm is local. Read More

We first give a short intrinsic, diagrammatic proof of the First Fundamental Theorem of invariant theory (FFT) for the special orthogonal group $\text{SO}_m(\mathbb{C})$, given the FFT for $\text{O}_m(\mathbb{C})$. We then define, by means of a presentation with generators and relations, an enhanced Brauer category $\widetilde{\mathcal{B}}(m)$ by adding a single generator to the usual Brauer category $\mathcal{B}(m)$, together with four relations. We prove that our category $\widetilde{\mathcal{B}}(m)$ is actually (and remarkably) {\em equivalent} to the category of representations of $\text{SO}_m$ generated by the natural representation. Read More

While existing works about non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) have indicated that NOMA can yield a significant performance gain over orthogonal multiple access (OMA) with fixed resource allocation, it is not clear whether such a performance gain will diminish when optimal resource (Time/Frequency/Power) allocation is carried out. In this paper, the performance comparison between NOMA and conventional OMA systems is investigated, from an optimization point of view. Firstly, by using the idea of power splitting, a closed-form expression for the optimum sum rate of NOMA systems is derived. Read More

In terrestrial communication networks without fixed infrastructure, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-mounted mobile base stations (MBSs) provide an efficient solution to achieve wireless connectivity. This letter aims to minimize the number of MBSs needed to provide wireless coverage for a group of distributed ground terminals (GTs), ensuring that each GT is within the communication range of at least one MBS. We propose a polynomial-time algorithm with successive MBS placement, where the MBSs are placed sequentially starting on the area perimeter of the uncovered GTs along a spiral path towards the center, until all GTs are covered. Read More

We use polarized inelastic neutron scattering to study the temperature and energy dependence of spin space anisotropies in the optimally hole-doped iron pnictide Ba$_{0.67}$K$_{0.33}$Fe$_{2}$As$_{2}$ ($T_{{\rm c}}=38$ K). Read More