R. Kaiser - INLN

R. Kaiser
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R. Kaiser
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INLN
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Physics - Atomic Physics (25)
 
Physics - Optics (15)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (10)
 
Quantum Physics (10)
 
Nuclear Experiment (8)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (6)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (5)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4)
 
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (2)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By R. Kaiser

2017May
Affiliations: 1UMR 7010 CNRS-UNS, 2UMR 7010 CNRS-UNS, 3UMR 7010 CNRS-UNS

Cooperative scattering in cold atoms has gained renewed interest, in particular in the context of single-photon superradiance, with the recent experimental observation of super-and subradiance in dilute atomic clouds. Numerical simulations to support experimental signatures of cooperative scattering are often limited by the number of dipoles which can be treated, well below the number of atoms in the experiments. In this paper, we provide systematic numerical studies aimed at matching the regime of dilute atomic clouds. Read More

Anderson localization of light in three dimensions has challenged experimental and theoretical research for the last decades. Here we propose a novel route towards this goal accessible in a dilute sample of cold atoms. We show that disorder in atomic transition frequencies can result in localization of light in subradiant Dicke states. Read More

The interaction of light with an atomic sample containing a large number of particles gives rise to many collective (or cooperative) effects, such as multiple scattering, superradiance and subradiance, even if the atomic density is low and the incident optical intensity weak (linear optics regime). Tracing over the degrees of freedom of the light field, the system can be well described by an effective atomic Hamiltonian, which contains the light-mediated dipole-dipole interaction between atoms. This long-range interaction is at the origin of the various collective effects, or of collective excitation modes of the system. Read More

Exclusive $\rho^0$-meson electroproduction is studied by the HERMES experiment, using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron/positron beam of HERA and a transversely polarized hydrogen target, in the kinematic region 1.0 GeV$^2$Read More

Scattering of classical light by atomic clouds induces photon-mediated effective long-range interactions between the atoms and leads to cooperative effects even at low atomic densities. We introduce a novel simulation technique that allows us to investigate the quantum regime of the dynamics of large clouds of atoms. We show that the fluorescence spectrum of the cloud can be used to probe genuine quantum cooperative effects. Read More

When applying two counter-propagating laser beams to a cold cloud of Rubidium atoms, we observe the spontaneous formation of intensity patterns associated with a spatial structuration of the atomic spins. We study the average number of defects in these patterns as a function of the sweep time employed to cross the transition threshold. We observe a power-law decrease of the number of defects with increasing sweep time, typical of the Kibble-Zurek mechanism. Read More

We discuss the role of diffuse, Mie and cooperative scattering on the radiation pressure force acting on the center of mass of a cloud of cold atoms. Even though a mean-field Ansatz (the `timed Dicke state'), previously derived from a cooperative scattering approach, has been shown to agree satisfactorily with experiments, diffuse scattering also describes very well most features of the radiation pressure force on large atomic clouds. We compare in detail an incoherent, random walk model for photons and a diffraction approach to the more complete description based on coherently coupled dipoles. Read More

Noise measurement is a powerful tool to investigate many phenomena from laser characterization to quantum behavior of light. In this paper, we report on intensity noise measurements obtained when a laser beam is transmitted through a large cloud of cold atoms. While this measurement could possibly investigate complex processes such as the influence of atomic motion, one is first limited by the conversion of the intrinsic laser frequency noise to intensity noise via the atomic resonance. Read More

We study the crossover between the diffusive and quasi-ballistic regimes of random lasers. In particular, we compare incoherent models based on the diffusion equation and the radiative transfer equation (RTE), which neglect all wave effects, with a coherent wave model for the random laser threshold. We show that both the incoherent and the coherent models predict qualitatively similar thresholds, with a smooth transition from a diffuse to a quasi-ballistic regime. Read More

We report a detailed analysis of the chaotic nature of Quantum Turbulence through a judicial examination of the 2nd order density-density correlation function. We find the almost identical behavior of the average density of the turbulent condensate as compared to that of the regular condensate. The cause of the chaos was traced to the vortices as the correlation length was found to be close to the size of a single vortex. Read More

Cooperative scattering has been the subject of intense research in the last years. In this article, we discuss the concept of cooperative scattering from a broad perspective. We briefly review the various collective effects that occur when light interacts with an ensemble of atoms. Read More

Turbulent radiation flow is ubiquitous in many physical systems where light-matter interaction becomes relevant. Photon bubbling, in particular, has been identified as the main source of turbulent radiation transport in many astrophysical objects, such as stars and accretion disks. This mechanism takes place when radiation trapping in optically dense media becomes unstable, leading to the energy dissipation from the larger to the smaller bubbles. Read More

We investigate a paradigmatic model for quantum transport with both nearest-neighbor and infinite range hopping coupling (independent of the position). Due to long range homogeneous hopping, a gap between the ground state and the excited states can be induced, which is mathematically equivalent to the superconducting gap. In the gapped regime, the dynamics within the excited states subspace is shielded from long range hopping, namely it occurs as if long range hopping would be absent. Read More

Coherent backscattering is a coherence effect in the propagation of waves through disordered media involving two or more scattering events. Here, we report on the observation of coherent backscattering from individual atoms and their mirror images. This system displays two important advantages: First, the effect can be observed at low optical densities, which allows to work in very dilute clouds or far from resonance. Read More

Superradiance has been extensively studied in the 1970s and 1980s in the regime of superfluores-cence, where a large number of atoms are initially excited. Cooperative scattering in the linear-optics regime, or "single-photon superradiance" , has been investigated much more recently, and superra-diant decay has also been predicted, even for a spherical sample of large extent and low density, where the distance between atoms is much larger than the wavelength. Here, we demonstrate this effect experimentally by directly measuring the decay rate of the off-axis fluorescence of a large and dilute cloud of cold rubidium atoms after the sudden switch-off of a low-intensity laser driving the atomic transition. Read More

We investigate collective emission from coherently driven ultracold $ ^{88} $ Sr atoms. We perform two sets of experiments, using a strong and weak transition that are insensitive and sensitive, respectively, to atomic motion at one microKelvin. We observe highly directional forward emission with a peak intensity that is enhanced, for the strong transition, by > $ 10 ^3 $ compared to that in the transverse direction. Read More

We present temporal intensity correlation measurements of light scattered by a hot atomic vapor. Clear evidence of photon bunching is shown at very short time-scales (nanoseconds) imposed by the Doppler broadening of the hot vapor. Moreover, we demonstrate that relevant information about the scattering process, such as the ratio of single to multiple scattering, can be deduced from the measured intensity correlation function. Read More

Quasi-resonant scattering of light in two dimensions can be described either as a scalar or as a vectorial electromagnetic wave. Performing a scaling analysis we observe in both cases long lived modes, yet only the scalar case exhibits Anderson localized modes together with extremely long mode lifetimes. We show that the localization length of these modes is influenced only by their position, and not their lifetime. Read More

Since Dicke's seminal paper on coherence in spontaneous radiation by atomic ensembles, superradiance has been extensively studied. Subradiance, on the contrary, has remained elusive, mainly because subradiant states are weakly coupled to the environment and are very sensitive to nonradiative decoherence processes.Here we report the experimental observation of subradiance in an extended and dilute cold-atom sample containing a large number of particles. Read More

Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. Read More

We present an experimental and theoretical investigation of spontaneous pattern formation in the transverse section of a single retro-reflected laser beam passing through a cloud of cold Rubidium atoms. In contrast to previously investigated systems, the nonlinearity at work here is that of a 2-level atom, which realizes the paradigmatic situation considered in many theoretical studies of optical pattern formation. In particular, we are able to observe the disappearance of the patterns at high intensity due to the intrinsic saturable character of 2-level atomic transitions. Read More

2015May
Authors: HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, J. Garay García, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stahl, M. Stancari, M. Statera, J. J. M. Steijger, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Bose-Einstein correlations of like-sign charged hadrons produced in deep-inelastic electron and positron scattering are studied in the HERMES experiment using nuclear targets of $^1$H, $^2$H, $^3$He, $^4$He, N, Ne, Kr, and Xe. A Gaussian approach is used to parametrize a two-particle correlation function determined from events with at least two charged hadrons of the same sign charge. This correlation function is compared to two different empirical distributions that do not include the Bose-Einstein correlations. Read More

The complex internal atomic structure involved in radiative transitions has an effect on the spectrum of fluctuations (noise) of the transmitted light. A degenerate transition has different properties in this respect than a pure two-level transition. We investigate these variations by studying a certain transition between two degenerate atomic levels for different choices of the polarization state of the driving laser. Read More

The earlier search at HERMES for narrow baryon states excited in quasi-real photoproduction, decaying through the channel $pK_S^0\rightarrow p\pi^+\pi^-$, has been extended with improved decay-particle reconstruction, more advanced particle identification, and increased event samples. The structure observed earlier at an invariant mass of 1528 MeV shifts to 1522 MeV and the statistical significance drops to about 2$\sigma$ for data taken with a deuterium target. The number of events above background is $68_{-31}^{+98}\text{(stat)}\pm13\text{(sys)}$. Read More

Muon radiography is a fast growing field in applied scientific research. In recent years, many detector technologies and imaging techniques using the Coulomb scattering and absorption properties of cosmic-ray muons have been developed for the non-destructive assay of various structures across a wide range of applications. This work presents the first results that assess the feasibility of using muons to interrogate waste silos within the UK Nuclear Industry. Read More

Tomographic imaging techniques using the Coulomb scattering of cosmic-ray muons have been shown previously to successfully identify and characterise low- and high-Z materials within an air matrix using a prototype scintillating-fibre tracker system. Those studies were performed as the first in a series to assess the feasibility of this technology and image reconstruction techniques in characterising the potential high-Z contents of legacy nuclear waste containers for the UK Nuclear Industry. The present work continues the feasibility study and presents the first images reconstructed from experimental data collected using this small-scale prototype system of low- and high-Z materials encapsulated within a concrete-filled stainless-steel container. Read More

We investigate the scaling behavior of a very large magneto-optical trap (VLMOT) containing up to $1.4 \times 10^{11}$ Rb$^{87}$ atoms. By varying the diameter of the trapping beams, we are able to change the number of trapped atoms by more than 5 orders of magnitude. Read More

Non-equilibrium dynamics of many-body systems is important in many branches of science, such as condensed matter, quantum chemistry, and ultracold atoms. Here we report the experimental observation of a phase transition of the quantum coherent dynamics of a 3D many-spin system with dipolar interactions, and determine its critical exponents. Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) on a solid-state system of spins at room-temperature, we quench the interaction Hamiltonian to drive the evolution of the system. Read More

We study numerically the spectrum of the non-Hermitian effective Hamiltonian that describes the dipolar interaction of a gas of $N\gg 1$ atoms with the radiation field. We analyze the interplay between cooperative effects and disorder for both scalar and vectorial radiation fields. We show that for dense gases, the resonance width distribution follows, both in the scalar and vectorial cases, a power law $P(\Gamma) \sim \Gamma^{-4/3}$ that originates from cooperative effects between more than two atoms. Read More

2014Jul

Exclusive electroproduction of $\omega$ mesons on unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets is studied in the kinematic region of Q$^2$>1.0 GeV$^2$, 3.0 GeV < W < 6. Read More

2014Jun
Authors: The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, N. Kobayashi, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, A. Vandenbroucke, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

The transverse polarization of $\Lambda$ hyperons was measured in inclusive quasireal photoproduction for various target nuclei ranging from hydrogen to xenon. The data were obtained by the HERMES experiment at HERA using the 27.6 GeV lepton beam and nuclear gas targets internal to the lepton storage ring. Read More

We investigate the deflection of light by a cold atomic cloud when the light-matter interaction is locally tuned via the Zeeman effect using magnetic field gradients. This "lighthouse" effect is strongest in the single-scattering regime, where deviation of the incident field is largest. For optically dense samples, the deviation is reduced by collective effects, as the increase in linewidth leads to a decrease of the magnetic field efficiency. Read More

We study the center-of-mass motion in systems of trapped interacting particles with space- and velocity-dependent friction and anharmonic traps. Our approach, based on a dynamical ansatz assuming a fixed density profile, allows us to obtain information at once for a wide range of binary interactions and interaction strengths, at linear and nonlinear levels. Our findings are first tested on different simple models by comparison with direct numerical simulations. Read More

We present theoretical and experimental results of L\'evy flights of light originating from a random walk of photons in a hot atomic vapor. In contrast to systems with quenched disorder, this system does not present any correlations between the position and the step length of the random walk. In an analytical model based on microscopic first principles including Doppler broadening we find anomalous L\'evy-type superdiffusion corresponding to a single-step size distribution P(x) proportional to x^(-1-alpha), with alpha=1. Read More

We consider the Raman process developing in a disordered medium of alkali-metal atoms when the scattered modes are trapped on a closed transition. Our theoretical analysis, based on numerical simulations of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the light correlation function, which includes all Zeeman states and light polarization, lets us track the stimulated amplification as well as the losses associated with the inverse anti-Stokes scattering channel. We discuss possible conditions when this process could approach the instability point and enter the regime of random lasing. Read More

We interpret cooperative scattering by a collection of cold atoms as a multiple scattering process. Starting from microscopic equations describing the response of $N$ atoms to a probe light beam, we represent the total scattered field as an infinite series of multiple scattering events. As an application of the method, we obtain analytical expressions of the coherent intensity in the double scattering approximation for Gaussian density profiles. Read More

2013Dec

An earlier extraction from the HERMES experiment of the polarization-averaged parton distribution of strange quarks in the nucleon has been reevaluated using final data on the multiplicities of charged kaons in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering obtained with a kinematically more comprehensive method of correcting for experimental effects. General features of the distribution are confirmed, but the rise at low x is less pronounced than previously reported. Read More

The OLYMPUS experiment was designed to measure the ratio between the positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections, with the goal of determining the contribution of two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. Two-photon exchange might resolve the discrepancy between measurements of the proton form factor ratio, $\mu_p G^p_E/G^p_M$, made using polarization techniques and those made in unpolarized experiments. OLYMPUS operated on the DORIS storage ring at DESY, alternating between 2. Read More

2013Oct
Authors: The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, A. López Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, V. Zagrebelnyy, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Single-spin asymmetries were investigated in inclusive electroproduction of charged pions and kaons from transversely polarized protons at the HERMES experiment. The asymmetries were studied as a function of the azimuthal angle $\psi$ about the beam direction between the target-spin direction and the hadron production plane, the transverse hadron momentum relative to the direction of the incident beam, and the Feynman variable $x_F$. The $\sin(\psi)$ amplitudes are positive for positive pions and kaons, slightly negative for negative pions and consistent with zero for negative kaons, with particular transverse-momentum but weak $x_F$ dependences. Read More

2013Oct
Authors: The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, H. P. Blok, H. Böttcher, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, E. Etzelmüller, R. Fabbri, S. Frullani, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, J. Garay García, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, L. Lapikás, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, Y. Miyachi, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, A. Mussgiller, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, A. Petrosyan, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, A. Schäfer, G. Schnell, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, M. Stahl, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, R. Truty, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, V. Zagrebelnyy, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

The beam-helicity asymmetry in associated electroproduction of real photons, $ep\to e\gamma \pi N$, in the $\Delta$(1232)-resonance region is measured using the longitudinally polarized HERA positron beam and an unpolarized hydrogen target. Azimuthal Fourier amplitudes of this asymmetry are extracted separately for two channels, $ep\to e\gamma \pi^0 p$ and $ep\to e\gamma \pi^+ n$, from a data set collected with a recoil detector. All asymmetry amplitudes are found to be consistent with zero. Read More

Tomographic imaging techniques using the Coulomb scattering of cosmic-ray muons are increasingly being exploited for the non-destructive assay of shielded containers in a wide range of applications. One such application is the characterisation of legacy nuclear waste materials stored within industrial containers. The design, assembly and performance of a prototype muon tomography system developed for this purpose are detailed in this work. Read More

Cosmic-ray muons are highly penetrative charged particles that are observed at sea level with a flux of approximately one per square centimetre per minute. They interact with matter primarily through Coulomb scattering, which is exploited in the field of muon tomography to image shielded objects in a wide range of applications. In this paper, simulation studies are presented that assess the feasibility of a scintillating-fibre tracker system for use in the identification and characterisation of nuclear materials stored within industrial legacy waste containers. Read More

The rapidly developing field of optomechanics aims at the combined control of optical and mechanical (solid-state or atomic) modes. In particular, laser cooled atoms have been used to exploit optomechanical coupling for self-organization in a variety of schemes where the accessible length scales are constrained by a combination of pump modes and those associated to a second imposed axis, typically a cavity axis. Here, we consider a system with many spatial degrees of freedom around a single distinguished axis, in which two symmetries - rotations and translations in the plane orthogonal to the pump axis - are spontaneously broken. Read More

Quantum information processing often uses systems with dipolar interactions. We use a nuclear spin-based quantum simulator, to study the spreading of information in such a dipolar-coupled system and how perturbations to the dipolar couplings limit the spreading, leading to localization. In [Phys. Read More

We investigate multiple scattering of near-resonant light in a Doppler-broadened atomic vapor. We experimentally characterize the length distribution of the steps between successive scattering events. The obtained power law is characteristic of a superdiffusive behavior, where rare but very long steps (L\'evy flights) dominate the transport properties. Read More

Anderson localization is a paradigmatic coherence effect in disordered systems, often analyzed in the absence of dissipation. Here we consider the case of coherent dissipation, occurring for open system with coupling to a common decay channel. This dissipation induces cooperative Dicke super- and subradiance and an effective long range hopping, expected to destroy Anderson localization. Read More

We show that static and oscillating photon bubbles can be excited by diffused light in the laser cooled matter confined in a magneto-optical trap (MOT). The bubble instability is due to the coupling between the radiation field and the mean field oscillations of the ultra-cold gas, and it can provide a source for low frequency turbulence. We consider a diffusion dominated regime, which can be described by a radiation transport equation, coupled with the mean field equations for the cold atom gas. Read More

The interplay between the superradiant emission of a cloud of cold two-level atoms and the radiation pressure force is discussed. Using a microscopic model of coupled atomic dipoles driven by an external laser, the radiation field and the average radiation pressure force are derived. A relation between the far-field scattered intensity and the force is derived, using the optical theorem. Read More

For the final running period of HERA, a recoil detector was installed at the HERMES experiment to improve measurements of hard exclusive processes in charged-lepton nucleon scattering. Here, deeply virtual Compton scattering is of particular interest as this process provides constraints on generalised parton distributions that give access to the total angular momenta of quarks within the nucleon. The HERMES recoil detector was designed to improve the selection of exclusive events by a direct measurement of the four-momentum of the recoiling particle. Read More