Quan Cheng

Quan Cheng
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Quan Cheng

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (5)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (5)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)

Publications Authored By Quan Cheng

In this paper, we have compared two different accretion mechanisms of dark matter particles by a canonical neutron star with $M=1.4~M_{\odot}$ and $R=10~{\rm km}$, and shown the effects of dark matter heating on the surface temperature of star. We should take into account the Bondi accretion of dark matter by neutron stars rather than the accretion mechanism of Kouvaris (2008) \citep{Kouvaris08}, once the dark matter density is higher than $\sim3. Read More

Newly born massive magnetars are generally considered to be produced by binary neutron star (NS) mergers, which could give rise to short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs). The strong magnetic fields and fast rotation of these magnetars make them promising sources for gravitational wave (GW) detection using ground based GW interferometers. Based on the observed masses of Galactic NS-NS binaries, by assuming different equations of state (EOSs) of dense matter, we investigate the stochastic gravitational wave background (SGWB) produced by an ensemble of newly born massive magnetars. Read More

Since a large population of massive O/B stars and putative neutron stars (NSs) located in the vicinity of the Galactic center (GC), intermediate-mass X-ray binaries (IMXBs) constituted by a NS and a B-type star probably exist here. We investigate the evolutions of accreting NSs in IMXBs (similar to M82 X-2) with a $\sim5.2M_\odot$ companion, and orbit period $\simeq2. Read More

Newly born magnetars are promising sources for gravitational wave (GW) detection due to their ultra-strong magnetic fields and high spin frequencies. Within the scenario of a growing tilt angle between the star's spin and magnetic axis, due to the effect of internal viscosity, we obtain improved estimates of the stochastic gravitational wave backgrounds (SGWBs) from magnetic deformation of newly born magnetars. We find that the GW background spectra contributed by the magnetars with ultra-strong toroidal magnetic fields of 10^{17} G could roughly be divided into four segments. Read More

In a newly born (high-temperature and Keplerian rotating) neutron star, r-mode instability can lead to stellar differential rotation, which winds the seed poloidal magnetic field ($\sim 10^{11}$ G) to generate an ultra-high ($\sim 10^{17}$ G) toroidal field component. Subsequently, by succumbing to the Tayler instability, the toroidal field could be partially transformed into a new poloidal field. Through such dynamo processes, the newly born neutron star with sufficiently rapid rotation could become a magnetar on a timescale of $\sim 10^{2-3}$ s, with a surface dipolar magnetic field of $\sim10^{15}$ G. Read More

The thermal evolution of strange stars in both normal and color-flavor-locked (CFL) phases are investigated together with the evolutions of the stellar rotation and the r-mode instability. The heating effects due to the deconfinement transition of the stellar crust and the dissipation of the r-modes are considered. As a result, the cooling of the stars in the normal phase is found to be not very different from the standard one. Read More

A simple 1D lattice gas model is presented, which very well describes the equilibrium and kinetic behaviors of water confined in a thin carbon nanotube found in an atomistic molecular dynamics(MD) simulation {[} Nature {\bf 414}, 188 (2001) {]}. The model parameters are corresponding to various physical interactions and can be calculated or estimated in statistic mechanics. The roles of every interaction in the water filling, emptying and transporting processes are clearly understood. Read More