Qiao Wang

Qiao Wang
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Qiao Wang

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Pub Categories

Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (8)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Computer Science - Learning (1)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Computer Science - Sound (1)

Publications Authored By Qiao Wang

With a sample of 48,161 K giant stars selected from the LAMOST DR 2 catalogue, we construct torus models in a large volume extending, for the first time, from the solar vicinity to a Galactocentric distance of $\sim 20$ kpc, reaching the outskirts of the Galactic disc. We show that the kinematics of the K giant stars match conventional models, e.g. Read More

Many methods for automatic music transcription involves a multi-pitch estimation method that estimates an activity score for each pitch. A second processing step, called note segmentation, has to be performed for each pitch in order to identify the time intervals when the notes are played. In this study, a pitch-wise two-state on/off firstorder Hidden Markov Model (HMM) is developed for note segmentation. Read More

The defining characteristic of the cold dark matter (CDM) hypothesis is the presence of a very large number of low-mass haloes, too small to have made a visible galaxy. Other hypotheses for the nature of the dark matter, such as warm dark matter (WDM), predict a much smaller number of such low-mass haloes. Strong lensing systems offer the possibility of detecting small-mass haloes through the distortions they induce in the lensed image. Read More

The genus-1 KP-Whitham system is derived for both variants of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation (namely, the KPI and KPII equations). The basic properties of the KP-Whitham system, including symmetries, exact reductions, and its possible complete integrability, together with the appropriate generalization of the one-dimensional Riemann problem for the Korteweg-deVries equation are discussed. Finally, the KP-Whitham system is used to study the linear stability properties of the genus-1 solutions of the KPI and KPII equations; it is shown that all genus-1 solutions of KPI are linearly unstable while all genus-1 solutions of KPII {are linearly stable within the context of Whitham theory. Read More

A single-letter lower bound on the sum rate of multiple description coding with tree-structured distortion constraints is established by generalizing Ozarow's celebrated converse argument through the introduction of auxiliary random variables that form a Markov tree. For the quadratic vector Gaussian case, this lower bound is shown to be achievable by an extended version of the El Gamal-Cover scheme, yielding a complete sum-rate characterization. Read More

In this Letter, we report the observational constraints on the Hu-Sawicki $f(R)$ theory derived from weak lensing peak abundances, which are closely related to the mass function of massive halos. In comparison with studies using optical or x-ray clusters of galaxies, weak lensing peak analyses have the advantages of not relying on mass-baryonic observable calibrations. With observations from the Canada-France-Hawaii-Telescope Lensing Survey, our peak analyses give rise to a tight constraint on the model parameter $|f_{R0}|$ for $n=1$. Read More

Modern computer vision algorithms typically require expensive data acquisition and accurate manual labeling. In this work, we instead leverage the recent progress in computer graphics to generate fully labeled, dynamic, and photo-realistic proxy virtual worlds. We propose an efficient real-to-virtual world cloning method, and validate our approach by building and publicly releasing a new video dataset, called Virtual KITTI (see http://www. Read More

We derived constraints on cosmological parameters using weak lensing peak statistics measured on the $\sim130~{\rm deg}^2$ of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Stripe 82 Survey (CS82). This analysis demonstrates the feasibility of using peak statistics in cosmological studies. For our measurements, we considered peaks with signal-to-noise ratio in the range of $\nu=[3,6]$. Read More

This paper, based on $k$-NN graph, presents symmetric $(k,j)$-NN graph $(1 \leq j < k)$, a brand new topology which could be adopted by a series of network-based structures. We show that the $k$ nearest neighbors of a node exert disparate influence on guaranteeing network connectivity, and connections with the farthest $j$ ones among these $k$ neighbors are competent to build up a connected network, contrast to the current popular strategy of connecting all these $k$ neighbors. In particular, for a network with node amount $n$ up to $10^3$, as experiments demonstrate, connecting with the farthest three, rather than all, of the five nearest neighbor nodes, i. Read More

We explore the Minkowski functionals of weak lensing convergence map to distinguish between $f(R)$ gravity and the general relativity (GR). The mock weak lensing convergence maps are constructed with a set of high-resolution simulations assuming different gravity models. It is shown that the lensing MFs of $f(R)$ gravity can be considerably different from that of GR because of the environmentally dependent enhancement of structure formation. Read More

We establish a new extremal inequality, which is further leveraged to give a complete characterization of the rate region of the vector Gaussian CEO problem with the trace distortion constraint. The proof of this extremal inequality hinges on a careful analysis of the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker necessary conditions for the non-convex optimization problem associated with the Berger-Tung scheme, which enables us to integrate the perturbation argument by Wang and Chen with the distortion projection method by Rahman and Wagner. Read More

In this paper, we analyze in detail with numerical simulations how the mask effect can influence the weak lensing peak statistics reconstructed from the shear measurement of background galaxies. It is found that high peak fractions are systematically enhanced due to masks, the larger the masked area, the higher the enhancement. In the case with about $13\%$ of the total masked area, the fraction of peaks with SNR $\nu\ge 3$ is $\sim 11\%$ in comparison with $\sim 7\%$ of the mask-free case in our considered cosmological model. Read More

We characterize the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) feature in halo two-point statistics using N-body simulations. We find that nonlinear damping of the BAO signal is less severe for halos in the mass range we investigate than for dark matter. The amount of damping depends weakly on the halo mass. Read More

In this paper, we present a simulation method within the two-component spherical collapse model to investigate dark energy perturbations associated with the formation of dark matter halos. The realistic mass accretion history of a dark matter halo taking into account its fast and slow growth is considered by imposing suitable initial conditions and isotropized virializations for the spherical collapse process. The dark energy component is treated as a perfect fluid described by two important parameters, the equation of state parameter $w$ and the sound speed $c_s$. Read More

In this paper, we analyze the dynamical evolution of quintessence dark energy induced by the collapse of dark matter halos. Different from other previous studies, we develop a numerical strategy which allows us to calculate the dark energy evolution for the entire history of the spherical collapse of dark matter halos, without the need of separate treatments for linear, quasi-linear and nonlinear stages of the halo formation. It is found that the dark energy perturbations evolve with redshifts, and their specific behaviors depend on the quintessence potential as well as the collapsing process. Read More