Qiang Yuan - IHEP

Qiang Yuan
Are you Qiang Yuan?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Qiang Yuan

Pubs By Year

External Links

Pub Categories

High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (45)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (30)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (11)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)

Publications Authored By Qiang Yuan

Affiliations: 1Florida Tech, 2UMBC, 3UMass, 4Purple Mtn. Obs., 5Queens, 6Queens, 7MPIfR, 8Queens, 9Caltech, 10Kapetyn Inst., 11Ruhr-Universitat Bochum

Tidal disruption events (TDEs) occur when a star or sub-stellar object passes close enough to a galaxy's supermassive black hole to be disrupted by tidal forces. NGC 4845 (d=17 Mpc) was host to a TDE, IGR J12580+0134, detected in November 2010. Its proximity offers us a unique close-up of the TDE and its aftermath. Read More

Puppis A is a very famous and extensively studied supernova remnant (SNR) that shows strong evidence of shock-cloud interaction. We re-analyze the GeV $\gamma$-ray emission of it using seven years Pass 8 data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT). The morphology of the $\gamma$-ray emission is more compatible with that of the thermal X-ray and IR emissions than the radio image, which suggests a possible correlation between the gamma-ray emitting region and dense clouds. Read More

More than fifty years after the discovery of the knee in the cosmic ray spectra, its physical origin remains a mystery. This is partly due to the ambiguity of the energy spectrum of individual composition. Recently, direct measurements from several balloon/satellite-borne detectors found significant spectral hardenings of cosmic ray nuclei at a few hundred GV rigidities. Read More

In this work we use the newly reported Boron-to-Carbon ratio (B/C) from AMS-02 and the time-dependent proton fluxes from PAMELA and AMS-02 to constrain the source and propagation parameters of cosmic rays in the Milky Way. A linear correlation of the solar modulation parameter with solar activities is assumed to account for the time-varying cosmic ray fluxes. A comprehensive set of propagation models, with/without reacceleration or convection, have been discussed and compared. Read More

Milky Way-like galaxies are predicted to host a very large number of dark matter subhalos. Some massive and nearby subhalos could generate detectable gamma-rays, appearing as unidentified, spatially-extended and stable gamma-ray sources. We search for such sources in the third Fermi Large Area Telescope source List (3FGL) and report the identification of a new candidate, 3FGL J1924. Read More

N-body simulations predict that galaxies at the Milky Way scale host a large number of dark matter (DM) subhalos. Some of these subhalos, if they are massive enough or close enough to the Earth, might be detectable in $\gamma$ rays due to the DM annihilation. 3FGL J2212. Read More

Using the latest AMS-02 cosmic ray antiproton flux data, we search for potential dark matter annihilation signal. The background parameters about the propagation, source injection, and solar modulation are not assumed {\it a priori}, but based on the results inferred from the recent B/C ratio and proton data measurements instead. The possible dark matter signal is incorporated into the model self-consistently under a Bayesian framework. Read More

We report the detection of a GeV $\gamma$-ray source which is spatially overlapping and thus very likely associated with the unidentified very-high-energy (VHE) $\gamma$-ray source HESS J1427-608 with the Pass 8 data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. The photon spectrum of this source is best described by a power-law with an index of $1.85\pm0. Read More

With 91 months of the publicly available Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data, we analyze the gamma-ray emission from the Milky Way satellites to search for potential line signals due to the annihilation of dark matter particles into double photons. The searched targets include a sample of dwarf spheroidal galaxies, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). No significant line emission has been found neither in the stacked dwarf galaxy sample nor in the direction of LMC/SMC. Read More

We consider indirect detection of meta-stable dark matter particles decaying into a stable neutral particle and a pair of standard model fermions. Due to the softer energy spectra from the three-body decay, such models could potentially explain the AMS-02 positron excess without being constrained by the Fermi-LAT gamma-ray data and the cosmic ray anti-proton measurements. We scrutinize over different final state fermions, paying special attention to handling of the cosmic ray background and including various contributions from cosmic ray propagation with the help of the \textsc{LikeDM} package. Read More

Relativistic jets can form from at least some tidal disruption events (TDEs) of (sub-)stellar objects around supermassive black holes. We detect the millimeter (MM) emission of IGR J12580+0134 --- the nearest TDE known in the galaxy NGC 4845 at the distance of only 17 Mpc, based on Planck all-sky survey data. The data show significant flux jumps after the event, followed by substantial declines, in all six high frequency Planck bands from 100 GHz to 857 GHz. Read More

Supernova remnants (SNRs) are believed to be the most important acceleration sites for cosmic rays (CRs) below $\sim10^{15}$ eV in the Galaxy. High energy photons, either directly from the shocks of the SNRs or indirectly from the interaction between SNRs and the nearby clouds, are crucial probes for the CR acceleration. Big progresses on observations of SNRs have been achieved by space- and ground-based $\gamma$-ray facilities. Read More

With the large progress in searches for dark matter (DM) particles with indirect and direct methods, we develop a numerical tool that enables fast calculations of the likelihoods of specified DM particle models given a number of observational data, such as charged cosmic rays from space-borne experiments (e.g., PAMELA, AMS-02), gamma-rays from the Fermi space telescope, and underground direct detection experiments. Read More

The merger-driven Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) and their associated gravitational wave (GW) radiation, if both successfully detected, have some far-reaching implications, including for instance: (i) The statistical comparison of the physical properties of the short/long-short GRBs with and without GW detection can test the general origin model; (ii) Revealing the physical processes taking place at the central engine; (iii) Measuring the velocity of the Gravitational wave directly/accurately. In this work we discuss these implications in the case of possible association of GW150914/ GBM transient 150914. We compared GBM transient 150914 with other SGRBs and found that such an event {may be} a distinct outlier in some statistical diagrams, possibly due to its specific binary-black-hole merger origin. Read More

Daily X-ray flaring represents an enigmatic phenomenon of Sgr A$^{\star}$ --- the supermassive black hole at the center of our Galaxy. We report initial results from a systematic X-ray study of this phenomenon, based on extensive {\it Chandra} observations obtained from 1999 to 2012, totaling about 4.5 Ms. Read More

Supermassive black holes (SMBHs) can capture and tidally disrupt stars or sub-stellar objects orbiting nearby. The detections of Sw J1644+57-like events suggest that at least some TDEs can launch a relativistic jet beaming towards Earth. A natural expectation would be the existence of TDEs with a relativistic jet beaming away from Earth. Read More

Supernova remnants (SNRs) are the most attractive candidates for the acceleration sites of Galactic cosmic rays. We report the detection of GeV $\gamma$-ray emission with the Pass 8 events recorded by Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) in the vicinity of the shell type SNR CTB 37B that is likely associated with the TeV $\gamma-$ray source HESS J1713-381. The photon spectrum of CTB 37B is consistent with a power-law with an index of $1. Read More

HERD is the High Energy cosmic-Radiation Detection instrument proposed to operate onboard China's space station in the 2020s. It is designed to detect energetic cosmic ray nuclei, leptons and photons with a high energy resolution ($\sim1\%$ for electrons and photons and $20\%$ for nuclei) and a large geometry factor ($>3\,{ m^2\,sr}$ for electrons and diffuse photons and $>2\,{ m^2\,sr}$ for nuclei). In this work we discuss the capability of HERD to detect monochromatic $\gamma$-ray lines, based on simulations of the detector performance. Read More

X-ray flares have routinely been observed from the supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A$^\star$ (Sgr A$^\star$), at our Galactic center. The nature of these flares remains largely unclear, despite of many theoretical models. In this paper, we study the statistical properties of the Sgr A$^\star$ X-ray flares, by fitting the count rate (CR) distribution and the structure function (SF) of the light curve with a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method. Read More

The recent analyses of the Fermi Large Area Telescope data show an extended GeV $\gamma$-ray excess on top of the expected diffuse background in the Galactic center region, which can be explained with annihilating dark matter or a population of millisecond pulsars (MSPs). We propose to observe the very high energy $\gamma$-rays for distinguishing the MSP scenario from the dark matter scenario. The GeV $\gamma$-ray MSPs should release most energy to the relativistic $e^{\pm}$ wind, which will diffuse in the Galaxy and radiate TeV $\gamma$-rays through inverse Compton scattering and bremsstrahlung processes. Read More

The AMS-02 has just published the unprecedentedly precise measurement of the cosmic electron and positron spectra. In this paper we try to give a quantitative study on the AMS-02 results by a global fitting to the electron and positron spectra, together with the updated positron fraction data. The Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithm is adopted to do the fitting. Read More

The detection of dark matter has made great progresses in recent years. We give a brief review on the status and progress in dark matter detection, including the progresses in direct detection, collider detection at LHC and focus on the indirect detection. The results from PAMELA, ATIC, Fermi-LAT and relevant studies on these results are introduced. Read More

The operation of AMS-02 opens a new era for the study of cosmic ray physics with unprecedentedly precise data which are comparable with the laboratory measurements. The high precision data allow a quantitative study on the cosmic ray physics and give strict constraints on the nature of cosmic ray sources. However, the intrinsic errors from the theoretical models to interpret the data become dominant over the errors in the data. Read More

Context: HESS J1731-347 has been identified as one of the few TeV-bright shell-type supernova remnants (SNRs). These remnants are dominated by nonthermal emission, and the nature of TeV emission has been continuously debated for nearly a decade. Aims: We carry out the detailed modeling of the radio to gamma-ray spectrum of HESS J1731-347 to constrain the magnetic field and energetic particles sources, which we compare with those of the other TeV-bright shell-type SNRs explored before. Read More

It was found in the Fermi-LAT data that there is an extended $\gamma$-ray excess in the Galactic center region. The proposed sources to be responsible for the excess include the dark matter annihilation or an astrophysical alternative from a population of millisecond pulsars (MSPs). Whether or not the MSP scenario can explain the data self-consistently has very important implications for the detection of particle dark matter, which is however, subject to debate in the literature. Read More

MGRO J2019+37 within the Cygnus region is a bright and extended source revealed by Milagro at 12-35 TeV. This source is almost as bright as Crab Nebula in northern sky, while it is not confirmed by ARGO-YBJ around TeV. Up to now, no obvious counterpart at low energy wavelengths has been found. Read More

Using $5.4$ year Fermi-LAT data, we report the detection of GeV $\gamma$-ray emission from the shell-type supernova remnant RCW 86 (G315.4-2. Read More

Gamma-ray is a good probe of dark matter (DM) particles in the Universe. We search for the DM annihilation signals in the direction of the Andromeda galaxy (M31) using 7.5 year Fermi-LAT pass 8 data. Read More

In light of the recent discovery by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of a Higgs-like particle with a narrow mass range of 125-126 GeV, we perform an updated analysis on one of the popular scalar dark matter models, the Inert Higgs Doublet Model (IHDM). We take into account in our likelihood analysis of various experimental constraints, including recent relic density measurement, dark matter direct and indirect detection constraints as well as the latest collider constraints on the invisible decay width of the Higgs boson and monojet search at the LHC. It is shown that if the invisible decay of the standard model Higgs boson is open, LHC as well as direct detection experiments like LUX and XENON100 could put stringent limits on the Higgs boson couplings to dark matter. Read More

The AMS-02 collaboration has just published a high precision measurement of the cosmic positron fraction $e^+/(e^- + e^+)$, which rises with energy from $\sim 5$ GeV to $\sim 350$ GeV. The result indicates the existence of primary electron/positron sources to account for the positron excess. In this work, we investigate the possibility that the nearby mature pulsars are the primary positron sources. Read More

The recently reported positron fraction up to $\sim 350$ GeV by AMS-02 seems to have tension with the total electron/positron spectra detected by Fermi and HESS, for either pulsar or dark matter annihilation/decay scenario as the primary positron sources. In this work we will show that the tension will be removed by an adjustment of the primary electron spectrum. If the primary electron spectrum becomes harder above $\sim50$ GeV, similar as the cosmic ray nuclei spectrum, the AMS-02 positron fraction and Fermi/HESS data can be well fitted by both the pulsar and dark matter models. Read More

The AMS-02 collaboration has just released its first result of the cosmic positron fraction $e^+/(e^-+e^+)$ with high precision up to $\sim 350$ GeV. The AMS-02 result shows the same trend with the previous PAMELA result, which requires extra electron/positron sources on top of the conventional cosmic ray background, either from astrophysical sources or from dark matter annihilation/decay. In this paper we try to figure out the nature of the extra sources by fitting to the AMS-02 $e^+/(e^-+e^+)$ data, as well as the electron and proton spectra by PAMELA and the $(e^-+e^+)$ spectrum by Fermi and HESS. Read More

The observations of high energy $\gamma$-ray emission from the Galactic center (GC) by HESS, and recently by Fermi, suggest the cosmic ray acceleration in the GC and possibly around the supermassive black hole. In this work we propose a lepton-hadron hybrid model to explain simultaneously the GeV-TeV $\gamma$-ray emission. Both electrons and hadronic cosmic rays were accelerated during the past activity of the GC. Read More

We investigate the electron energy distributions (EEDs) and the acceleration processes in the jet of Mrk 421 through fitting the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) in different active states in the frame of a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model. After assuming two possible EEDs formed in different acceleration models: the shock accelerated power-law with exponential cut-off (PLC) EED and the stochastic turbulence accelerated log-parabolic (LP) EED, we fit the observed SEDs of Mrk 421 in both low and giant flare states by using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method which constrains the model parameters in a more efficient way. Our calculating results indicate that (1) the PLC and LP models give comparably good fits for the SED in low state, but the variations of model parameters from low state to flaring can be reasonably explained only in the case of the PLC in low state; and (2) the LP model gives better fits compared to the PLC model for the SED in flare state, and the intra-day/night variability observed at GeV-TeV bands can be accommodated only in the LP model. Read More

The extragalactic background light (EBL) contains important information about stellar and galaxy evolution. It leaves imprint on the very high energy $\gamma$-ray spectra from sources at cosmological distances due to the process of pair production. In this work we propose to {\em measure} the EBL directly by extracting the collective attenuation effects in a number of $\gamma$-ray sources at different redshifts. Read More

Observation of gamma-rays from dwarf galaxies is an effective way to search for particle dark matter. Using 4-year data of Fermi-LAT observations on a series of Milky Way satellites, we develop a general way to search for the signals from dark matter annihilation in such objects. Instead of giving prior information about the energy spectrum of dark matter annihilation, we bin the Fermi-LAT data into several energy bins and build a likelihood map in the "energy bin - flux" plane. Read More

It was recently reported that there may exist monochromatic $\gamma$-ray emission at $\sim 130$ GeV from the Galactic center in the Fermi Large Area Telescope data, which might be related with dark matter (DM) annihilation. In this work we carry out a comprehensive check of consistency of the results with the DM annihilation scenario, using the 3.7 yrs Fermi observation of the inner Galaxy, Galactic halo, clusters of galaxies and dwarf galaxies. Read More

Recently, several groups identified a tentative $\gamma$-ray line signal with energy $\sim 130$ GeV in the central Galaxy from the Fermi-LAT data. %The morphology study shows that the signal is consistent with dark matter %annihilation, but with an offset $\sim 220$ pc ($1.5^{\circ}$) of the %center from the Galactic center Sgr A$^{\star}$, Such a $\gamma-$ray line can be interpreted as the signal of dark matter annihilation. Read More

Recently, a tentative 130 GeV $\gamma$-ray line signal was identified by quite a few groups. If correct it would constitute a ``smoking gun'' for dark matter annihilations. Interestingly, the spectra of the cosmic ray electrons detected by PAMELA and Fermi-LAT both show tiny wiggle-like structure at $\sim 100$ GeV, which might indicate a weak signal of the annihilation of $\sim 130$ GeV dark matter particles into electrons/positrons with a velocity-weighted cross section $\langle\sigma v\rangle_{\rm \chi\chi\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}} \sim 4\times10^{-26}~{\rm cm^{3}~s^{-1}}$. Read More

Recently some hints of the existence of $\gamma$-ray line around 130 GeV are reported according to the analysis of Fermi-LAT data. If confirmed it would be the first direct evidence to show the existence of new physics beyond the standard model. Here we suggest that using the forthcoming high energy resolution $\gamma$-ray detectors, such as CALET and DAMPE, we may test whether it is real line structure or just the background effect. Read More

The weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) often serves as a candidate for the cold dark matter, however when produced non-thermally it could behave like warm dark matter. In this paper we study the properties of the $\gamma$-ray emission from annihilation of WIMP dark matter in the halo of our own Milky-Way Galaxy with high resolution $N$-body simulations of a Milky-Way like dark matter halo, assuming different nature of WIMPs. Due to the large free-streaming length in the scenario of warm WIMPs, the substructure contend of the dark matter halo is significantly different from that of the cold WIMP counterpart, resulting in distinct predictions of the $\gamma$-ray signals from the dark matter annihilation. Read More

Shocks of supernova remnants (SNRs) are important (and perhaps the dominant) agents for production of the Galactic cosmic rays. Recent $\gamma$-ray observations of several SNRs have made this case more compelling. However, these broadband high-energy measurements also reveal a variety of spectral shape demanding more comprehensive modeling of emissions from SNRs. Read More

The globular clusters are probably good targets for dark matter (DM) searches in $\gamma$-rays due to the possible adiabatic contraction of DM by baryons. In this work we analyse the three-year data collected by {\it Fermi} Large Area Telescope of globular clusters NGC 6388 and M 15 to search for possible DM signals. For NGC 6388 the detection of $\gamma$-ray emission was reported by {\it Fermi} collaboration, which is consistent with the emission of a population of millisecond pulsars. Read More

The superluminal neutrinos detected by OPERA indicates Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) of the neutrino sector at the order of $10^{-5}$. We study the implications of the result in this work. We find that such a large LIV implied by OPERA data will make the neutrino production process $\pi \to \mu + \nu_\mu$ kinematically forbidden for neutrino energy greater than about 5 GeV. Read More

Recently the AGILE and Fermi/LAT detectors uncovered giant $\gamma$-ray flares from the Crab nebula. The duration of these flares is a few days. The Fermi/LAT data with monthly time binning further showed significant variability of the synchrotron tail of the emission, while the inverse Compton component was stable. Read More

The cosmic ray (CR) energy spectra measured with ATIC, CREAM and PAMELA showed that there is remarkable hardening for rigidity of several hundred GV. We propose that this hardening is due to the superposition of spectra from a population of sources, e.g. Read More

In the paper we study the Breit-Wigner enhancement of dark matter (DM) annihilation considering the kinetic decoupling in the evolution of DM freeze-out at the early universe. Since the DM temperature decreases much faster (as $1/R^2$) after kinetic decoupling than that in kinetic equilibrium (as 1/R) we find the Breit-Wigner enhancement of DM annihilation rate after the kinetic decoupling will affect the DM relic density significantly. Focusing on the model parameters that trying to explain the anomalous cosmic positron/electron excesses observed by PAMELA/Fermi/ATIC we find the elastic scattering $Xf\to Xf$ is not efficient to keep dark matter in kinetic equilibrium, and the kinetic decoupling temperature $T_{kd}$ is comparable to the chemical decoupling temperature $T_f\sim O(10) GeV$. Read More

Recently PAMELA collaboration published the cosmic nuclei and electron spectra with high precision, together with the cosmic antiproton data updated, and the Fermi-LAT collaboration also updated the measurement of the total $e^+e^-$ spectrum to lower energies. In this paper we develop a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) package {\it CosRayMC}, based on the GALPROP cosmic ray propagation model to study the implications of these new data. It is found that if only the background electrons and secondary positrons are considered, the fit is very bad with $\chi_{\rm red}^2 \approx 3. Read More

Recent cosmic ray (CR) experiments discovered that the CR spectra experience a remarkable hardening for rigidity above several hundred GV. We propose that this is caused by the superposition of the CR energy spectra of many sources that have a dispersion in the injection spectral indices. Adopting similar parameters as those of supernova remnants derived from the Fermi $\gamma$-ray observations, we can reproduce the observational CR spectra of different species well. Read More

It has been proposed that during the formation of the first generation stars there might be a "dark star" phase in which the power of the star comes from dark matter annihilation. The adiabatic contraction process to form the dark star would result in a highly concentrated density profile of the host halo at the same time, which may give enhanced indirect detection signals of dark matter. In this work we investigate the extragalactic $\gamma$-ray background from dark matter annihilation with such a dark star formation scenario, and employ the isotropic $\gamma$-ray data from Fermi-LAT to constrain the model parameters of dark matter. Read More