Qiang Li - : Dept. of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis

Qiang Li
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Qiang Li
: Dept. of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis
Saint Louis
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (14)
Mathematics - Information Theory (11)
Computer Science - Information Theory (11)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (9)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (8)
Physics - Materials Science (5)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (3)
Physics - Optics (3)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Quantum Physics (2)
Mathematical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)

Publications Authored By Qiang Li

Consider a full-duplex (FD) bidirectional secure communication system, where two communication nodes, named Alice and Bob, simultaneously transmit and receive confidential information from each other, and an eavesdropper, named Eve, overhears the transmissions. Our goal is to maximize the sum secrecy rate (SSR) of the bidirectional transmissions by optimizing the transmit covariance matrices at Alice and Bob. To tackle this SSR maximization (SSRM) problem, we develop an alternating difference-of-concave (ADC) programming approach to alternately optimize the transmit covariance matrices at Alice and Bob. Read More

The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a future Higgs factory proposed by the Chinese high energy physics community. It will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240-250 GeV. The CEPC will accumulate an integrated luminosity of 5 ab$^{\rm{-1}}$ in ten years' operation. Read More

Active control of friction by ultrasonic vibration is a well-known effect with numerous technical applications ranging from press forming to micromechanical actuators. Reduction of friction is observed with vibration applied in any of the three possible directions (normal to the contact plane, in the direction of motion and in-plane transverse). In this work, we consider the multi-mode active control of sliding friction, where phase-shifted oscillations in two or more directions act at the same time. Read More

Topological crystalline insulators (TCIs) have been of great interest in the area of condensed matter physics. We investigated the effect of indium substitution on the crystal structure and transport properties in the TCI system (Pb$_{1-x}$Sn$_{x}$)$_{1-y}$In$_{y}$Te. For samples with a tin concentration $x\le50\%$, the low-temperature resisitivities show a dramatic variation as a function of indium concentration: with up to ~2% indium doping the samples show weak-metallic behavior, similar to their parent compounds; with ~6% indium doping, samples have true bulk-insulating resistivity and present evidence for nontrivial topological surface states; with higher indium doping levels, superconductivity was observed, with a transition temperature, Tc, positively correlated to the indium concentration and reaching as high as 4. Read More

Based on the distinguishing features of multi-tier millimeter wave (mmWave) networks such as different transmit powers, different directivity gains from directional beamforming alignment and path loss laws for line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) links, we introduce a normalization model to simplify the analysis of multi-tier mmWave cellular networks. The highlight of the model is that we convert a multi-tier mmWave cellular network into a single-tier mmWave network, where all the base stations (BSs) have the same normalized transmit power 1 and the densities of BSs scaled by LOS or NLOS scaling factors respectively follow piecewise constant function which has multiple demarcation points. On this basis, expressions for computing the coverage probability are obtained in general case with beamforming alignment errors and the special case with perfect beamforming alignment in the communication. Read More

Photons propagating in Laguerre-Gaussian modes have characteristic orbital angular momentums, which are fundamental optical degrees of freedom. The orbital angular momentum of light has potential application in high capacity optical communication and even in quantum information processing. In this work, we experimentally construct a ring cavity with 4 lenses and 4 mirrors that is completely degenerate for Laguerre-Gaussian modes. Read More

This paper is designed to discuss four-body lepton number violating tau decay. We study the processes $\tau^+ \to e^+ e^+ \pi^- \nu_\tau$ and $\tau^+ \to e^+ e^+ \pi^- \nu_e$ to determine the nature of neutrino. The first process violates lepton number by two units which can only happen through an internal Majorana. Read More

${\rm W}^\pm {\rm W}^\pm {\rm H}$ production at hadron colliders through vector boson scattering is a so far unconsidered process, which leads to a clean signature of two same-sign charged leptons and two widely separated jets. This process is sensitive to the ${\rm HHH}$ and ${\rm WWHH}$ couplings and any deviation of these couplings from their SM predictions serves as direct evidence of new physics beyond the SM. In this paper we perform a Monte Carlo study of this process for the $\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV LHC and a $100$ TeV pp-collider, and provide projections of the constraints on the triple-Higgs and ${\rm WWHH}$ quartic couplings for these environments. Read More

Zirconium pentatelluride ZrTe$_5$, a fascinating topological material platform, hosts exotic chiral fermions in its highly anisotropic three-dimensional Dirac band and holds great promise advancing the next-generation information technology. However, the origin underlying its anomalous resistivity peak has been under debate for decades. Here we provide transport evidence substantiating the anomaly to be a direct manifestation of a Lifshitz transition in the Dirac band with an ultrahigh carrier mobility exceeding 3$\times$10$^5$ cm$^2$ V$^{-1}$ s$^{-1}$. Read More

We give a systematical study on the recently reported excited charm and charm-strange mesons with potential $1^-$ spin-parity, including the $D^*_{s1}(2700)^+$, $D^*_{s1}(2860)^+$, $D^*(2600)^0$, $D^*(2650)^0$, $D^*_1(2680)^0$ and $D^*_1(2760)^0$. The main strong decay properties are obtained by the framework of Bethe-Salpeter (BS) methods. Our results reveal that the two $1^-$ charm-strange mesons can be well described by the further $2^3\!S_1$-$1^3\!D_1$ mixing scheme with a mixing angle of $8. Read More

In this paper, we focus on one of the representative 5G network scenarios, namely multi-tier heterogeneous cellular networks. User association is investigated in order to reduce the down-link co-channel interference. Firstly, in order to analyze the multi-tier heterogeneous cellular networks where the base stations in different tiers usually adopt different transmission powers, we propose a Transmission Power Normalization Model (TPNM), which is able to convert a multi-tier cellular network into a single-tier network, such that all base stations have the same normalized transmission power. Read More

Recently proposed formulation of the Boundary Element Method for adhesive contacts has been generalized for contacts of functionally graded materials with and without adhesion. First, proceeding from the fundamental solution for single force acting on the surface of a half space with a power-law varying elastic modulus, the deformation produced by constant pressure acting on a rectangular element was calculated and the influence matrix was obtained for a rectangular grid. The inverse problem for the calculation of required stress in contact area from a known surface deformation was solved by use of conjugate-gradient technique. Read More

The orbital angular momentum (OAM) technique provides a new degree of freedom for information transmissions in millimeter wave communications. Considering the spatial distribution characteristics of OAM beams, a new OAM spatial modulation (OAM-SM) millimeter wave communication system is first proposed for future mobile networks. Furthermore, the capacity, average bit error probability and energy efficiency of OAM-SM millimeter wave communication systems are analytically derived for performance analysis. Read More

With the anticipated increase in the number of low power base stations (BSs) deployed in small cell networks, blockage effects becoming more sensitive on wireless transmissions over high spectrums, variable propagation fading scenarios make it hard to describe coverage of small cell networks. In this paper, we propose a dual-directional path loss model cooperating with Line-of-Sight (LoS) and Non-Line-of-Sight (NLoS) transmissions for the fifth generation (5G) fractal small cell networks. Based on the proposed path loss model, a LoS transmission probability is derived as a function of the coordinate azimuth of the BS and the distance between the mobile user (MU) and the BS. Read More

Quantum entanglement swapping is one of the most promising ways to realize the quantum connection among local quantum nodes. In this Letter, we present an experimental demonstration of the entanglement swapping between two independent multipartite entangled states, each of which involves a tripartite Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) entangled state of an optical field. The entanglement swapping is implemented deterministically by means of a joint measurement on two optical modes coming from the two multipartite entangled states respectively and the classical feedforward of the measurement results. Read More

In this work, we study the guaranteed delivery model which is widely used in online display advertising. In the guaranteed delivery scenario, ad exposures (which are also called impressions in some works) to users are guaranteed by contracts signed in advance between advertisers and publishers. A crucial problem for the advertising platform is how to fully utilize the valuable user traffic to generate as much as possible revenue. Read More

Controlling the emissivity of a thermal emitter has attracted growing interest with a view towards a new generation of thermal emission devices. So far, all demonstrations have involved sustained external electric or thermal consumption to maintain a desired emissivity. Here control over the emissivity of a thermal emitter consisting of a phase changing material Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) film on top of a metal film is demonstrated. Read More

In this paper, we calculate the strong decays of $2^+$ heavy-light states, namely, the charmed $D^*_2(2460)^0$ meson and the charm-strange $D^*_{s2}(2573)^+$ meson. The method we adopt is the reduction formula, PCAC relation and low energy theorem, following which, the transition amplitudes are calculated. The wave functions of the heavy mesons involved are achieved by solving the instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter equation. Read More

In the Fifth generation (5G) wireless communication systems, a majority of the traffic demands is contributed by various multimedia applications. To support the future 5G multimedia communication systems, the massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique is recognized as a key enabler due to its high spectral efficiency. The massive antennas and radio frequency (RF) chains not only improve the implementation cost of 5G wireless communication systems but also result in an intense mutual coupling effect among antennas because of the limited space for deploying antennas. Read More

Consider a two-way communication scenario where two single-antenna nodes, operating under full-duplex mode, exchange information to one another through the aid of a (full-duplex) multi-antenna relay, and there is another single-antenna node who intends to eavesdrop. The relay employs artificial noise (AN) to interfere the eavesdropper's channel, and amplify-forward (AF) Alamouti-based rank-two beamforming to establish the two-way communication links of the legitimate nodes. Our problem is to optimize the rank-two beamformer and AN covariance for sum secrecy rate maximization (SSRM). Read More

In this paper, we study the productions of the newly detected states $D_{sJ}(3040)$ and $D_J(3000)$ observed by BABAR Collaboration and LHCb Collaboration. We assume these states to be the $D_s(2P)$ and $D(2P)$ states with the quantum number $J^P=1^+$ in our work. The results of improved Bethe-Salpeter method indicate that the semi-leptonic decays via $B_s$ and $B$ into $D_{sJ}(3040)$ and $D_J(3000)$ have considerable branching ratios, for example, Br($\bar{B}_s^0 \rightarrow D{_{sJ}^+}(3040)e^-\bar{\nu}{_e}$)=$5. Read More

We study the weak decays of $\bar{B}_{(s)}$ and $B_c$ into $D$-wave heavy-light mesons, including $J^P=2^-$ ($D_{(s)2},D'_{(s)2},B_{(s)2}, B'_{(s)2}$) and $3^-$~($D^*_{(s)3}, B^*_{(s)3}$) states. The weak decay hadronic matrix elements are achieved based on the instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter method. The branching ratios for $\bar{B}$ decays are $\mathcal{B}[\bar{B}\to D_{2}e\bar{\nu}_e] = 1. Read More

Owing to the vulnerability of relay-assisted and device-to-device (D2D) communications, improving wireless security from a physical layer signal processing perspective is attracting increasing interest. Hence we address the problem of secure transmission in a relay-assisted network, where a pair of legitimate user equipments (UEs) communicate with the aid of a multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) relay in the presence of multiple eavesdroppers (eves). Assuming imperfect knowledge of the eves' channels, we jointly optimize the power of the source UE, the amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying matrix and the covariance of the artificial noise (AN) transmitted by the relay, in order to maximize the received signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) at the destination, while imposing a set of robust secrecy constraints. Read More

In this paper, we consider a two-dimensional heterogeneous cellular network scenario consisting of one base station (BS) and some mobile stations (MSs) whose locations follow a Poisson point process (PPP). The MSs are equipped with multiple radio access interfaces including a cellular access interface and at least one short-range communication interface. We propose a nearest-neighbor cooperation communication (NNCC) scheme by exploiting the short-range communication between a MS and its nearest neighbor to collaborate on their uplink transmissions. Read More

This paper investigates the energy saving of base station (BS) deployed in a 1-D multi-hop vehicular network with sleep scheduling strategy. We consider cooperative BS scheduling strategy where BSs can switch between sleep and active modes to reduce the average energy consumption utilizing the information of vehicular speeds and locations. Assuming a Poisson distribution of vehicles, we derive an appropriate probability distribution function of distance between two adjacent cluster heads, where a cluster is a maximal set of vehicles in which every two adjacent vehicles can communicate directly when their Euclidean distance is less than or equal to a threshold, known as the communication range of vehicles. Read More

To meet the ever-growing demand for a higher communicating rate and better communication quality, more and more small cells are overlaid under the macro base station (MBS) tier, thus forming the heterogeneous networks. Small cells can ease the load pressure of MBS but lack of the guarantee of performance. On the other hand, cooperation draws more and more attention because of the great potential of small cell densification. Read More

Most studies on influence maximization focus on one-shot propagation, i.e. the influence is propagated from seed users only once following a probabilistic diffusion model and users' activation are determined via single cascade. Read More

We explore the discovery potential of Higgs pair production at a 100 TeV collider via full leptonic mode. The same mode can be explored at the LHC when Higgs pair production is enhanced by new physics. We examine two types of fully leptonic final states and propose a partial reconstruction method. Read More

In the sliding contact of elastomer on a rigid substrate, the coefficient of friction may depend on a large number of system and loading parameters, including normal force, sliding velocity, shape of contacting bodies, surface roughness and so on. It was argued earlier that the contact configuration is determined more immediately through the indentation depth than the normal force, and thus the indentation depth can be considered as one of "robust governing parameters" of friction. Both models of friction of simple shapes and fractal surfaces demonstrate that the coefficient of friction of elastomers should be generally a function of dimensionless combinations of sliding velocity, surface gradient, relaxation time and size of micro-contacts. Read More

G-band bright points (GBPs) are regarded as good manifestations of magnetic flux concentrations. We aim to investigate the relationship between the dynamic properties of GBPs and their longitudinal magnetic field strengths. High spatial and temporal resolution observations were recorded simultaneously with G-band filtergrams and Narrow-band Filter Imager (NFI) Stokes I and V images with Hinode /Solar Optical Telescope. Read More

We study the semi-leptonic and non-leptonic decays of $B_c$ meson to $D$-wave charmonia, namely, $\eta_{c2}(1^1\!D_2)$, $\psi_2(1^3\!D_2)$, and $\psi_3(1^3\!D_3)$. In our calculations, the instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter method is applied to achieve the hadronic matrix elements. This method includes relativistic corrections which are important especially for the higher orbital excited states. Read More

Utilizing continues-wave or pulsed laser to induce nano-structures on various material surfaces is one significant method in nano-fabrication technology. In this report, we investigate the formation of high spatial frequency periodic structures on Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) film by a linearly polarized femtosecond laser. Ferric (Fe) ions are introduced into the film to improve the photosensitivity. Read More

We calculate the annihilation decay rates of the $^3D_2(2^{--})$ and $^3D_3(3^{--})$ charmonia and bottomonia by using the instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter method. The wave functions of states with quantum numbers $J^{PC}=2^{--}$ and $3^{--}$ are constructed. By solving the corresponding instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter equations, we obtain the mass spectra and wave functions of the quarkonia. Read More

With small cell networks becoming core parts of the fifth generation (5G) cellular networks, it is an important problem to evaluate the impact of user mobility on 5G small cell networks. However, the tendency and clustering habits in human activities have not been considered in traditional user mobility models. In this paper, human tendency and clustering behaviors are first considered to evaluate the user mobility performance for 5G small cell networks based on individual mobility model (IMM). Read More

In this paper, we consider a two-hop one-way relay network for multigroup multicast transmission between long-distance users, in which the relay is equipped with multiple antennas, while the transmitters and receivers are all with a single antenna. Assuming that perfect channel state information is available, we study amplify-and-forward (AF) schemes that aim at optimizing the max-min-fair (MMF) rate. We begin by considering the classic beamformed AF (BF-AF) scheme, whose corresponding MMF design problem can be formulated as a rank-constrained fractional semidefinite program (SDP). Read More

Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) mining thematic structure of documents plays an important role in nature language processing and machine learning areas. However, the probability distribution from LDA only describes the statistical relationship of occurrences in the corpus and usually in practice, probability is not the best choice for feature representations. Recently, embedding methods have been proposed to represent words and documents by learning essential concepts and representations, such as Word2Vec and Doc2Vec. Read More

Magnetoresistance and rectification are two fundamental physical properties of heterojunctions and respectively have wide applications in spintronics devices. Being different from the well known various magnetoresistance effects, here we report a brand new large magnetoresistance that can be regarded as rectification magnetoresistance: the application of a pure small sinusoidal alternating-current to the nonmagnetic Al/Ge Schottky heterojunctions can generate a significant direct-current voltage, and this rectification voltage strongly varies with the external magnetic field. We find that the rectification magnetoresistance in Al/Ge Schottky heterojunctions is as large as 250% at room temperature, which is greatly enhanced as compared with the conventional magnetoresistance of 70%. Read More

We perform a detailed hadron-level study on the sensitivity of Higgs boson pair production via the $WW^{*}WW^{*}$ channel with the final state $3 \ell 2 j$ + missing $E_T$ at the LHC with the collision energy $\sqrt{S} = 14$ TeV and a future 100 TeV collider. To avoid the huge background from $pp \to Z W + \textrm{jets}$ processes, we confine to consider the four lepton patterns: $e^\pm e^\pm \mu^\mp $ and $\mu^\pm \mu^\pm e^\mp$. We propose a partial reconstruction method to determine the most reliable combination. Read More

In Kleinberg's small-world network model, strong ties are modeled as deterministic edges in the underlying base grid and weak ties are modeled as random edges connecting remote nodes. The probability of connecting a node $u$ with node $v$ through a weak tie is proportional to $1/|uv|^\alpha$, where $|uv|$ is the grid distance between $u$ and $v$ and $\alpha\ge 0$ is the parameter of the model. Complex contagion refers to the propagation mechanism in a network where each node is activated only after $k \ge 2$ neighbors of the node are activated. Read More

Three-dimensional topological insulators and topological crystalline insulators represent new quantum states of matter, which are predicted to have insulating bulk states and spin-momentum-locked gapless surface states. Experimentally, it has proven difficult to achieve the high bulk resistivity that would allow surface states to dominate the transport properties over a substantial temperature range. Here we report a series of indium-doped Pb$_{1-x}$Sn$_x$Te compounds that manifest huge bulk resistivities together with strong evidence of topological surface states, based on thickness-dependent transport studies and magnetoresistance measurements. Read More

The chiral magnetic effect is the generation of electric current induced by chirality imbalance in the presence of magnetic field. It is a macroscopic manifestation of the quantum anomaly in relativistic field theory of chiral fermions (massless spin $1/2$ particles with a definite projection of spin on momentum) -- a dramatic phenomenon arising from a collective motion of particles and antiparticles in the Dirac sea. The recent discovery of Dirac semimetals with chiral quasi-particles opens a fascinating possibility to study this phenomenon in condensed matter experiments. Read More

It is widely recognized that besides the quality of service (QoS), the energy efficiency is also a key parameter in designing and evaluating mobile multimedia communication systems, which has catalyzed great interest in recent literature. In this paper, an energy efficiency model is first proposed for multiple-input multiple-output orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) mobile multimedia communication systems with statistical QoS constraints. Employing the channel matrix singular-value-decomposition (SVD) method, all subchannels are classified by their channel characteristics. Read More

We performed magneto-optical (MO) measurements on FeTe$_{0.5}$Se$_{0.5}$ thin films grown on LaAlO$_3$ (LAO) and Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) single-crystalline substrates. Read More

In this article, we derive the fermionic formalism of Hamiltonians as well as corresponding excitation spectrums and states of Calogero-Sutherland(CS), Laughlin and Halperin systems, respectively. In addition, we study the triangular property of these Hamiltonians and prove the integrability in these three cases. Read More

Triple gauge boson production at the LHC can be used to test the robustness of the Standard Model and provide useful information for VBF di-boson scattering measurement. Especially, any derivations from SM prediction will indicate possible new physics. In this paper we present a detailed Monte Carlo study on measuring WWW production in pure leptonic and semileptonic decays, and probing anomalous quartic gauge WWWW couplings at the CERN LHC and future hadron collider, with parton shower and detector simulation effects taken into account. Read More

Using propagating surface plasmons (SPs) on silver nanowire (NW), we demonstrate that focused laser light at the end of silver nanowire can excite single quantum dot (QD) microns away from the excitation spot. The QD-NW interaction allows the excited QD convert part of its energy into propagating SPs which then can be detected at the remote sites. Simultaneous multi-QDs remote-excitation and detection are also realized. Read More

Recent advances in second generation (YBCO) high temperature superconducting wire could potentially enable the design of super high performance energy storage devices that combine the high energy density of chemical storage with the high power of superconducting magnetic storage. However, the high aspect ratio and considerable filament size of these wires requires the concomitant development of dedicated optimization methods that account for both the critical current density and ac losses in type II superconductors. Here, we report on the novel application and results of a CPU-efficient semi-analytical computer code based on the Radia 3D magnetostatics software package. Read More

Higgs pair production is crucial for measuring the Higgs boson self-coupling. The dominant channel at hadron colliders is gluon fusion via heavy-quark loops. We present the results of a fully exclusive simulation of gluon fusion Higgs pair production based on the matrix elements for hh + 0, 1 partons including full heavy-quark loop dependence, matched to a parton shower. Read More

The ICDM Challenge 2013 is to apply machine learning to the problem of hotel ranking, aiming to maximize purchases according to given hotel characteristics, location attractiveness of hotels, user's aggregated purchase history and competitive online travel agency information for each potential hotel choice. This paper describes the solution of team "binghsu & MLRush & BrickMover". We conduct simple feature engineering work and train different models by each individual team member. Read More