Q. Fu - Beijing Astronomical Observatory, China

Q. Fu
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Name
Q. Fu
Affiliation
Beijing Astronomical Observatory, China
City
Beijing
Country
China

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Mathematics - Representation Theory (13)
 
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (13)
 
Physics - Optics (6)
 
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (5)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (5)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (5)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
 
Computer Science - Learning (3)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (3)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
 
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (2)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
Physics - Other (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
 
Computer Science - Sound (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Nuclear Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By Q. Fu

High temperature superconducting coated conductor (CC) could be practically applied in electric equipment due to its favorable mechanical properties and the critical current performance of YBCO superconducting layer. It is well known that CC could be easily delaminated because of its poor stress tolerance in thickness direction, i.e. Read More

We present the calculations of coherent photoproductions of vector mesons ($J/\Psi$ and $\Upsilon$) within the $\alpha_{s}\rm{ln}\frac{Q^2}{\Lambda_{QCD}^2}$ approximation of QCD. The input gluon distribution of proton is the dynamical parton model from DGLAP equations with ZRS modification. From the comparison between several other gluon distribution models, we found that the dynamical gluon distribution fits with the mesons' photoproduction experimental resluts. Read More

A global analysis of nuclear medium modifications of parton distributions is presented using deeply inelastic scattering data of various nuclear targets. Two obtained data sets are provided for quark and gluon nuclear modification factors, referred as nIMParton16. One is from the global fit only to the experimental data of isospin-scalar nuclei (Set A), and the other is from the fit to all the measured nuclear data (Set B). Read More

The excitation of toroidal multipoles in metamaterials was investigated for high-Q response at a subwavelength scale. In this study, we explored the optimization of toroidal excitations in a planar metamaterial comprised of asymmetric split ring resonators (ASRRs). It was found that the scattering power of toroidal dipole can be remarkably strengthened by adjusting the characteristic parameter of ASRRs: asymmetric factor. Read More

We propose to measure the photo-production cross section of $J/{\psi}$ near threshold, in search of the recently observed LHCb hidden-charm resonances $P_c$(4380) and $P_c$(4450) consistent with 'pentaquarks'. The observation of these resonances in photo-production will provide strong evidence of the true resonance nature of the LHCb states, distinguishing them from kinematic enhancements. A bremsstrahlung photon beam produced with an 11 GeV electron beam at CEBAF covers the energy range of $J/{\psi}$ production from the threshold photo-production energy of 8. Read More

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is a promising technology for the enhancement of light-matter interactions, and recent demonstrations of the quantum EIT realized in artificial micro-structured medium have remarkably reduced the extreme requirement for experimental observation of EIT spectrum. In this paper, we propose to electrically control the EIT spectrum in a metamaterial for an electromagnetic modulator. A diode acting as a tunable resistor is loaded in the gap of two paired wires to inductively tune the magnetic resonance, which induces remarkable modulation on the EIT spectrum through the metamaterial sample. Read More

It is known that the metric and Palatini formalisms of gravity theories have their own interesting features but also suffer from some different drawbacks. Recently, a novel gravity theory called hybrid metric-Palatini gravity was put forward to cure or improve their individual deficiencies. The action of this gravity theory is a hybrid combination of the usual Einstein-Hilbert action and a $f(\mathcal{R})$ term constructed by the Palatini formalism. Read More

We explore the tensor perturbation of the $f(T)$ brane embedded in an AdS$_5$ spacetime. With the transverse-traceless condition, we get the tensor perturbation equation of the $f(T)$ brane and show that the stability of this brane system can be ensured. In addition, we take $ f(T)=T+\alpha T^2$ as an example to analyse the localization problem of the graviton zero mode. Read More

Let $\dot{\mathbf{U}}(\widehat{\frak{sl}}_n)$ be the modified quantum affine $\frak{sl}_n$ and let ${\bf U}(\widehat{\frak{sl}}_N)^+$ be the positive part of quantum affine $\frak{sl}_N$. Let $\dot{\mathbf{B}}(n)$ be the canonical basis of $\dot{\mathbf{U}}(\widehat{\frak{sl}}_n)$ and let $\mathbf{B}(N)^{\mathrm{ap}}$ be the canonical basis of ${\bf U}(\widehat{\frak{sl}}_N)^+$. It is proved in \cite{FS} that each structure constant for the multiplication with respect to $\dot{\mathbf{B}}(n)$ coincide with a certain structure constant for the multiplication with respect to $\mathbf{B}(N)^{\mathrm{ap}}$ for $nRead More

Let $\widetilde{\mathcal U}_{\mathbb Z}({\widehat{\frak{gl}}_n})$ be the Garland integral form of ${\mathcal U}(\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n)$ introduced by Garland \cite{Ga}, where ${\mathcal U}(\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n)$ is the universal enveloping algebra of ${\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n}$. Using Ringel--Hall algebras, a certain integral form ${\mathcal U}_{\mathbb Z}(\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n)$ of ${\mathcal U}(\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n)$ was constructed in \cite{Fu13}. We prove that the Garland integral form $\widetilde{\mathcal U}_{\mathbb Z}({\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n})$ coincides with ${\mathcal U}_{\mathbb Z}(\widehat{{\frak{gl}}}_n)$. Read More

Set queries are fundamental operations in computer systems and applications.This paper addresses the fundamental problem of designing a probabilistic data structure that can quickly process set queries using a small amount of memory. We propose a Shifting Bloom Filter (ShBF) framework for representing and querying sets. Read More

Plasmonic circuitry is considered as a promising solution-effective technology for miniaturizing and integrating the next generation of optical nano-devices. A key element is the shared metal network between electrical and optical information enabling an efficient hetero-integration of an electronic control layer and a plasmonic data link. Here, we investigate to what extend surface plasmons and current-carrying electrons interfere in such a shared circuitry. Read More

The measurement of positions and sizes of radio sources in the observations of solar radio spectral fine structures in an M6.5 flare on April 11, 2013 were observed simultaneously by several radio instruments at four different observatories: Chinese Solar Broadband Radio Spectrometers at Huairou (SBRS/Huairou), Ondrejov Radio spectrograph in the Czech Republic (ORSC/Ondrejov), Badary Broadband Microwave spectropolarimeter (BMS/Irkutsk), and spectrograph/IZMIRAN (Moscow, Troitsk). The fine structures include microwave zebra patterns (ZP), fast pulsations, and fibers. Read More

This paper presents the contribution to the third 'CHiME' speech separation and recognition challenge including both front-end signal processing and back-end speech recognition. In the front-end, Multi-channel Wiener filter (MWF) is designed to achieve background noise reduction. Different from traditional MWF, optimized parameter for the tradeoff between noise reduction and target signal distortion is built according to the desired noise reduction level. Read More

In this paper we consider high-intensity source of electron antineutrinos from the production and subsequent decay of 8Li. It opens a wide range of possible searches for beyond standard model physics via studies of the inverse beta decay interaction. In IsoDAR experiments Lithium 8 is a short lived beta emitter producing a high intensity anti-neutrinos, which is very suitable for making several important neutrino experiments. Read More

The universal enveloping algebra ${\mathcal U}({\widehat{\frak{gl}}_n})$ of ${\widehat{\frak{gl}}_n}$ was realized in \cite[Ch. 6]{DDF} using affine Schur algebras. In particular some explicit multiplication formulas in affine Schur algebras were derived. Read More

This work presents a systematic investigation of the influence of weather conditions on the calibration errors by using Gaussian fitness, least chi-square linear fitness and wavelet transform to analyze the calibration coefficients from observations of the Chinese Solar Broadband Radio Spectrometers (at frequency bands of 1.0-2.0 GHz, 2. Read More

Van der Waals (vdW) solids, as a new type of artificial materials that consist of alternating layers bonded by weak interactions, have shed light on fascinating optoelectronic device concepts. As a result, a large variety of vdW devices have been engineered via layer-by-layer stacking of two-dimensional materials, although shadowed by the difficulties of fabrication. Alternatively, direct growth of vdW solids has proven as a scalable and swift way, highlighted by the successful synthesis of graphene/h-BN and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) vertical heterostructures from controlled vapor deposition. Read More

We address the issue of applying quantized compressed sensing (CS) on low-energy telemonitoring. So far, few works studied this problem in applications where signals were only approximately sparse. We propose a two-stage data compressor based on quantized CS, where signals are compressed by compressed sensing and then the compressed measurements are quantized with only 2 bits per measurement. Read More

We exploited graphene nanoribbons based meta-surface to realize coherent perfect absorption (CPA) in the mid-infrared regime. It was shown that quasi-CPA frequencies, at which CPA can be demonstrated with proper phase modulations, exist for the graphene meta-surface with strong resonant behaviors. The CPA can be tuned substantially by merging the geometric design of the meta-surface and the electrical tunability of graphene. Read More

We generated genome-wide data from 69 Europeans who lived between 8,000-3,000 years ago by enriching ancient DNA libraries for a target set of almost four hundred thousand polymorphisms. Enrichment of these positions decreases the sequencing required for genome-wide ancient DNA analysis by a median of around 250-fold, allowing us to study an order of magnitude more individuals than previous studies and to obtain new insights about the past. We show that the populations of western and far eastern Europe followed opposite trajectories between 8,000-5,000 years ago. Read More

Radiobursts exibiting fine structure observed over two years during the rising phase of Cycle 24 by the SBRS are analyzed. In five events zebra structure, various fiber bursts and fast pulsations were observed. Events on 15 and 24 February 2011 are of the greatest interest. Read More

Stability and localization of the gravitational perturbations for a special brane system in Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld (EiBI) gravity were studied in [Phys. Rev. D 85, 124053 (2012)]. Read More

The positivity property for canonical bases asserts that the structure constants of the multiplication for the canonical basis are in ${\mathbb N}[v,v^{-1}]$. Let $\mathbf U$ be the quantum group over ${\mathbb Q}(v)$ associated with a symmetric Cartan datum. The positivity property for the positive part ${\mathbf U}^+$ of ${\mathbf U}$ was proved by Lusztig. Read More

Fish-eye cameras are becoming increasingly popular in computer vision, but their use for 3D measurement is limited partly due to the lack of an accurate, efficient and user-friendly calibration procedure. For such a purpose, we propose a method to calibrate the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters (including radial distortion parameters) of two/multiple fish-eye cameras simultaneously by using a wand under general motions. Thanks to the generic camera model used, the proposed calibration method is also suitable for two/multiple conventional cameras and mixed cameras (e. Read More

To achieve high resolution imaging the standard control algorithm used for classical adaptive optics (AO) is the simple but efficient proportional-integral (PI) controller. The goal is to minimize the root mean square (RMS) error of the residual wave front. However, with the PI controller one does not reach this minimum. Read More

We classified the decoupled stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) optimization model into two different types: software and hardware decoupling methods. A kind of software decoupling method is then proposed and a kind of hardware decoupling method is also proposed depending on the Shack-Hartmann (S-H) sensor. Using the normal sensor to accelerate the convergence of algorithm, the hardware decoupling method seems a capable realization of decoupled method. Read More

We will construct the Lusztig form for the quantum loop algebra of $\mathfrak{gl}_n$ by proving the conjecture \cite[3.8.6]{DDF} and establish partially the Schur--Weyl duality at the integral level in this case. Read More

Being one of the most important factors of economic growth of the country, innovations became one of the key vectors in Russian economic policy. In this field technology parks are one of the most effective instruments which can provide growth of innovative activity in sectors, regions and economies. In this paper, we made a model that allows us to evaluate the effect of technology parks in the economy of the country and its potential for small and medium enterprises. Read More

2013Dec
Authors: Iosif Lazaridis, Nick Patterson, Alissa Mittnik, Gabriel Renaud, Swapan Mallick, Karola Kirsanow, Peter H. Sudmant, Joshua G. Schraiber, Sergi Castellano, Mark Lipson, Bonnie Berger, Christos Economou, Ruth Bollongino, Qiaomei Fu, Kirsten I. Bos, Susanne Nordenfelt, Heng Li, Cesare de Filippo, Kay Prüfer, Susanna Sawyer, Cosimo Posth, Wolfgang Haak, Fredrik Hallgren, Elin Fornander, Nadin Rohland, Dominique Delsate, Michael Francken, Jean-Michel Guinet, Joachim Wahl, George Ayodo, Hamza A. Babiker, Graciela Bailliet, Elena Balanovska, Oleg Balanovsky, Ramiro Barrantes, Gabriel Bedoya, Haim Ben-Ami, Judit Bene, Fouad Berrada, Claudio M. Bravi, Francesca Brisighelli, George Busby, Francesco Cali, Mikhail Churnosov, David E. C. Cole, Daniel Corach, Larissa Damba, George van Driem, Stanislav Dryomov, Jean-Michel Dugoujon, Sardana A. Fedorova, Irene Gallego Romero, Marina Gubina, Michael Hammer, Brenna Henn, Tor Hervig, Ugur Hodoglugil, Aashish R. Jha, Sena Karachanak-Yankova, Rita Khusainova, Elza Khusnutdinova, Rick Kittles, Toomas Kivisild, William Klitz, Vaidutis Kučinskas, Alena Kushniarevich, Leila Laredj, Sergey Litvinov, Theologos Loukidis, Robert W. Mahley, Béla Melegh, Ene Metspalu, Julio Molina, Joanna Mountain, Klemetti Näkkäläjärvi, Desislava Nesheva, Thomas Nyambo, Ludmila Osipova, Jüri Parik, Fedor Platonov, Olga Posukh, Valentino Romano, Francisco Rothhammer, Igor Rudan, Ruslan Ruizbakiev, Hovhannes Sahakyan, Antti Sajantila, Antonio Salas, Elena B. Starikovskaya, Ayele Tarekegn, Draga Toncheva, Shahlo Turdikulova, Ingrida Uktveryte, Olga Utevska, René Vasquez, Mercedes Villena, Mikhail Voevoda, Cheryl Winkler, Levon Yepiskoposyan, Pierre Zalloua, Tatijana Zemunik, Alan Cooper, Cristian Capelli, Mark G. Thomas, Andres Ruiz-Linares, Sarah A. Tishkoff, Lalji Singh, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Richard Villems, David Comas, Rem Sukernik, Mait Metspalu, Matthias Meyer, Evan E. Eichler, Joachim Burger, Montgomery Slatkin, Svante Pääbo, Janet Kelso, David Reich, Johannes Krause

We sequenced genomes from a $\sim$7,000 year old early farmer from Stuttgart in Germany, an $\sim$8,000 year old hunter-gatherer from Luxembourg, and seven $\sim$8,000 year old hunter-gatherers from southern Sweden. We analyzed these data together with other ancient genomes and 2,345 contemporary humans to show that the great majority of present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: West European Hunter-Gatherers (WHG), who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; Ancient North Eurasians (ANE), who were most closely related to Upper Paleolithic Siberians and contributed to both Europeans and Near Easterners; and Early European Farmers (EEF), who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harbored WHG-related ancestry. We model these populations' deep relationships and show that EEF had $\sim$44% ancestry from a "Basal Eurasian" lineage that split prior to the diversification of all other non-African lineages. Read More

We use the Hecke algebras of affine symmetric groups and their associated Schur algebras to construct a new algebra through a basis, and a set of generators and explicit multiplication formulas of basis elements by generators. We prove that this algebra is isomorphic to the quantum enveloping algebra of the loop algebra of $\mathfrak {gl}_n$. Though this construction is motivated by the work \cite{BLM} by Beilinson--Lusztig--MacPherson for quantum $\frak{gl}_n$, our approach is purely algebraic and combinatorial, independent of the geometric method which seems to work only for quantum $\mathfrak{gl}_n$ and quantum affine $\mathfrak{sl}_n$. Read More

Wireless telemonitoring of physiological signals is an important topic in eHealth. In order to reduce on-chip energy consumption and extend sensor life, recorded signals are usually compressed before transmission. In this paper, we adopt compressed sensing (CS) as a low-power compression framework, and propose a fast block sparse Bayesian learning (BSBL) algorithm to reconstruct original signals. Read More

We consider the problem of maximum a posteriori (MAP) inference in discrete graphical models. We present a parallel MAP inference algorithm called Bethe-ADMM based on two ideas: tree-decomposition of the graph and the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM). However, unlike the standard ADMM, we use an inexact ADMM augmented with a Bethe-divergence based proximal function, which makes each subproblem in ADMM easy to solve in parallel using the sum-product algorithm. Read More

Compressed Sensing based Terahertz imaging (CS-THz) is a computational imaging technique. It uses only one THz receiver to accumulate the random modulated image measurements where the original THz image is reconstruct from these measurements using compressed sensing solvers. The advantage of the CS-THz is its reduced acquisition time compared with the raster scan mode. Read More

Telehealth and wearable equipment can deliver personal healthcare and necessary treatment remotely. One major challenge is transmitting large amount of biosignals through wireless networks. The limited battery life calls for low-power data compressors. Read More

As device miniaturization approaches the atomic limit, it becomes highly desirable to exploit novel paradigms for tailoring electronic structures and carrier dynamics in materials. Elastic strain can in principle be applied to achieve reversible and fast control of such properties, but it remains a great challenge to create and utilize precisely controlled inhomogeneous deformation in semiconductors. Here, we take a combined experimental and theoretical approach to demonstrate that elastic strain-gradient can be created controllably and reversibly in ZnO micro/nanowires. Read More

The affine quantum Schur algebra is a certain important infinite dimensional algebra whose representation theory is closely related to that of quantum affine $\frak{gl}_n$. Finite dimensional irreducible modules for the affine quantum Schur algebra ${\mathcal S}_{\vartriangle}(n,r)_{v}$ were classified in \cite{DDF}, where $v\in{\mathbb C}^*$ is not a root of unity. We will classify blocks of the affine quantum Schur algebra ${\mathcal S}_{\vartriangle}(n,r)_{v}$ in this paper. Read More

The infinitesimal quantum $\frak{gl}_n$ was realized in \cite[\S 6]{BLM}. We will realize Frobenius--Lusztig Kernels of type $A$ in this paper. Read More

The performance of sparse signal recovery from noise corrupted, underdetermined measurements can be improved if both sparsity and correlation structure of signals are exploited. One typical correlation structure is the intra-block correlation in block sparse signals. To exploit this structure, a framework, called block sparse Bayesian learning (BSBL), has been proposed recently. Read More

Let ${\mathbf U}(n)$ be the quantum enveloping algebra of ${\frak {gl}}_n$ over $\mathbb Q(v)$, where $v$ is an indeterminate. We will use $q$-Schur algebras to realize the integral form of ${\mathbf U}(n)$. Furthermore we will use this result to realize quantum $\frak{gl}_n$ over $k$, where $k$ is a field containing an l-th primitive root $\varepsilon$ of 1 with $l\geq 1$ odd. Read More

In this paper we propose a two-level hierarchical Bayesian model and an annealing schedule to re-enable the noise variance learning capability of the fast marginalized Sparse Bayesian Learning Algorithms. The performance such as NMSE and F-measure can be greatly improved due to the annealing technique. This algorithm tends to produce the most sparse solution under moderate SNR scenarios and can outperform most concurrent SBL algorithms while pertains small computational load. Read More

We will classify finite dimensional irreducible modules for affine quantum Schur algebras at roots of unity and generalize \cite[(6.5f) and (6.5g)]{Gr80} to the affine case in this paper. Read More

Let ${\boldsymbol{\mathfrak D}_{\vartriangle}}(n)$ be the double Ringel--Hall algebra of the cyclic quiver $\triangle(n)$ and let $\dot{\boldsymbol{\mathfrak D}_{\vartriangle}}(n)$ be the modified quantum affine algebra of ${\boldsymbol{\mathfrak D}_{\vartriangle}}(n)$. We will construct an integral form $\dot{{\mathfrak D}_{\vartriangle}}(n)$ for $\dot{\boldsymbol{\mathfrak D}_{\vartriangle}}(n)$ such that the natural algebra homomorphism from $\dot{{\mathfrak D}_{\vartriangle}}(n)$ to the integral affine quantum Schur algebra is surjective. Furthermore, we will use Hall algebras to construct the integral form ${\mathcal U}_{\mathbb Z}(\hat{\frak{gl}}_n)$ of the universal enveloping algebra ${\mathcal U}(\hat{\frak{gl}}_n)$ of the loop algebra $\hat{\frak{gl}}_n=\frak{gl}_n({\mathbb Q})\otimes\mathbb Q[t,t^{-1}]$, and prove that the natural algebra homomorphism from ${\mathcal U}_\mathbb Z(\hat{\frak{gl}}_n)$ to the affine Schur algebra over $\mathbb Z$ is surjective. Read More

Let ${\mathsf F}$ be the Schur functor from the category of finite dimensional ${\mathcal H}_{\vartriangle}(r)_\mathbb C$-modules to the category of finite dimensional ${\mathcal S}_{\vartriangle}(n,r)_{\mathbb{C}}$-modules, where ${\mathcal H}_{\vartriangle}(r)_\mathbb C$ is the extended affine Hecke algebra of type $A$ over ${\mathbb C}$ and ${\mathcal S}_{\vartriangle}(n,r)_{\mathbb{C}}$ is the affine quantum Schur algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. The Drinfeld polynomials associated with ${\mathsf F}(V)$ were determined in \cite[7.6]{CP96} and \cite[4. Read More

In 1990, Beilinson-Lusztig-MacPherson (BLM) discovered a realization \cite[5.7]{BLM} for quantum $\frak{gl}_n$ via a geometric setting of quantum Schur algebras. We will generailze their result to the classical affine case. Read More

When the parameter $q\in\mathbb C^*$ is not a root of unity, simple modules of affine $q$-Schur algebras have been classified in terms of Frenkel--Mukhin's dominant Drinfeld polynomials (\cite[4.6.8]{DDF}). Read More

In this letter, the leakage radiation microscopy (LRM) is extended into characterization of planar waveguide modes (WMs) rather than surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) taking advantages of the coupling between WMs and fluorescence emission. Propagation constants of different WMs allowed in the same planar waveguide can be simultaneously and rapidly derived from the Fourier plane image of fluorescence based LRM. Numerical simulations are also carried out to calculate propagation constants of these modes, which are consistent with experimental results. Read More

Let $u_k(2)$ be the infinitesimal quantum $\frak{gl}_2$ over $k$, where $k$ is a field containing an $l$th primitive root $\epsilon$ of 1 with $l\geq 3$ {\it odd}. We will determine the basic algebra for ${u_k(2)}(\Omega_k^{\otimes r})$, where $\Omega_k$ is the natural module for $u_k(2)$. Read More

In \cite{DFW} and \cite{Fu07}, little $q$-Schur algebras were introduced as homomorphic images of the infinitesimal quantum groups. In this paper, we will investigate representations of these algebras. We will classify simple modules for little $q$-Schur algebras and classify semisimple little $q$-Schur algebras. Read More

The STM induced rotation and dissociation dynamics of a single oxygen molecule on the Pt(111) surface have been finally determined by first principles calculations together with a newly developed statistical model for inelastic electron tunneling. Several long-standing puzzles associated with these dynamic processes in this classic system have been fully resolved. It is found that the unexpected low energy barrier of the O2 rotation is originated from an ingenious pathway, while the prior occupation of the metastable hcp-hollow site after the O2 dissociation can be attributed to a dynamic process of surface accommodation. Read More