Pierre Bastien - Universite de Montreal

Pierre Bastien
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Pierre Bastien
Universite de Montreal

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Astrophysics (10)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Pierre Bastien

Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

We present observations of the Cepheus Flare obtained as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Gould Belt Legacy Survey (GBLS) with the SCUBA-2 instrument. We produce a catalogue of sources found by SCUBA-2, and separate these into starless cores and protostars. We determine masses and densities for each of our sources, using source temperatures determined by the Herschel Gould Belt Survey. Read More

New visible and K-band polarization measurements on stars surrounding molecular clouds in Orion A and stars in the BN vicinity are presented. Our results confirm that magnetic fields located inside the Orion A molecular clouds and in their close neighborhood are spatially connected. On and around the BN object, we measured the angular offsets between the K-band polarization data and available submm data. Read More

Submillimetre continuum radiation allows us to probe cold objects, particularly the earliest, dusty phases of star formation, high-redshift galaxies and circumstellar disks. The submillimetre window gives a unique view of the physical and dynamical conditions in the neutral and molecular interstellar medium. In the next decade a combination of wide-field surveys with single-dish telescopes and targeted follow-up with ALMA and other facilities should enable rapid progress in answering questions about the origins of planetary systems, stars and galaxies. Read More

We present results from the earliest observations of DEBRIS, a Herschel Key Programme to conduct a volume- and flux-limited survey for debris discs in A-type through M-type stars. PACS images (from chop/nod or scan-mode observations) at 100 and 160 micron are presented toward two A-type stars and one F-type star: beta Leo, beta UMa and eta Corvi. All three stars are known disc hosts. Read More

The SCUBA polarized 850 microns thermal emission data of the region OMC-2 in Orion A are added to and homogeneously reduced with data already available in the region OMC-3. The data set shows that OMC-2 is a region generally less polarized than OMC-3. Where coincident, most of the 850 microns polarization pattern is similar to that measured in 350 microns polarization data. Read More

The properties of polarization in scattered light by aligned ellipsoidal grains are investigated with the Fredholm integral equation method (FIM) and the T-matrix method (Tmat), and the results are applied to the observed circular polarization in OMC1. We assume that the grains are composed of silicates and ellipsoidal (oblate, prolate, or tri-axial ellipsoid) in shape with a typical axial ratio of 2:1. The angular dependence of circular polarization p_c on directions of incident and scattered light is investigated with spherical harmonics and associated Legendre polynomials. Read More

We present a new continuum 3D radiative transfer code, MCFOST, based on a Monte-Carlo method. MCFOST can be used to calculate (i) monochromatic images in scattered light and/or thermal emission, (ii) polarisation maps, (iii) interferometric visibilities, (iv) spectral energy distributions and (v) dust temperature distributions of protoplanetary disks. Several improvements to the standard Monte Carlo method are implemented in MCFOST to increase efficiency and reduce convergence time, including wavelength distribution adjustments, mean intensity calculations and an adaptive sampling of the radiation field. Read More

An implicit method for radiative transfer in SPH is described. The diffusion approximation is used, and the hydrodynamic calculations are performed by a fully three--dimensional SPH code. Instead of the energy equation of state for an ideal gas, various energy states and the dissociation of hydrogen molecules are considered in the energy calculation for a more realistic temperature and pressure determination. Read More

Affiliations: 1UK Astronomy Technology Centre, 2UK Astronomy Technology Centre, 3UK Astronomy Technology Centre, 4UK Astronomy Technology Centre, 5UK Astronomy Technology Centre, 6NIST Boulder, 7NIST Boulder, 8NIST Boulder, 9NIST Boulder, 10Scottish Microelectronics Centre, 11Scottish Microelectronics Centre, 12Cardiff University, 13Cardiff University, 14Canadian SCUBA-2 Consortium, 15Canadian SCUBA-2 Consortium, 16Canadian SCUBA-2 Consortium, 17Canadian SCUBA-2 Consortium, 18Canadian SCUBA-2 Consortium, 19Canadian SCUBA-2 Consortium

SCUBA-2, which replaces SCUBA (the Submillimeter Common User Bolometer Array) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in 2006, is a large-format bolometer array for submillimeter astronomy. Unlike previous detectors which have used discrete bolometers, SCUBA-2 has two dc-coupled, monolithic, filled arrays with a total of ~10,000 bolometers. It will offer simultaneous imaging of a 50 sq-arcmin field of view at wavelengths of 850 and 450 microns. Read More

Affiliations: 1Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 3University Of Chicago, 4Nasa Ames Research Center, 5University Of Wisconsin, 6Caltech, 7Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 8Universite De Montreal
Category: Astrophysics

We use extensive 350 um polarimetry and continuum maps obtained with Hertz and SHARC II along with HCN and HCO+ spectroscopic data to trace the orientation of the magnetic field in the Orion A star-forming region. Using the polarimetry data, we find that the direction of the projection of the magnetic field in the plane of the sky relative to the orientation of the integral-shaped filament varies considerably as one moves from north to south. While in IRAS 05327-0457 and OMC-3 MMS 1-6 the projection of the field is primarily perpendicular to the filament it becomes better aligned with it at OMC-3 MMS 8-9 and well aligned with it at OMC-2 FIR 6. Read More

Affiliations: 1Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 2Universite de Montreal, 3Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 4California Institute of Technology, 5Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

Observations of the effect of the magnetic field on its environment are usually achieved with techniques which rely on the interaction with the spin of the particles under study. Because of the relative weakness of this effect, extraction of the field characteristics proves to be a most challenging task. We take a totally different approach to the problem and show that the manifestation of the magnetic field can be directly observed by means of a comparison of the spectra of molecular ions with those of neutral molecules. Read More

Affiliations: 1Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 2California Institute of Technology, 3Universite de Montreal, 4Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 5Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

The magnetic field is believed to play a crucial role in the process of star formation. From the support it provides during the initial collapse of molecular clouds to the creation of strong collimated jets responsible for large mass losses, current theories predict its importance in many different stages during the formation of stars. Here we report on observational evidence which tests one aspect that can be inferred from these theories: the alignment between the local magnetic field and collimated bipolar outflows in such environments. Read More

Affiliations: 1Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 2Universite de Montreal, 3NASA Ames Research Center, 4California Institute of Technology, 5University of Chicago, 6Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 7California Institute of Technology, 8University of Chicago, 9Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

We demonstrate that the combination of Zeeman, polarimetry and ion-to-neutral molecular line width ratio measurements permits the determination of the magnitude and orientation of the magnetic field in the weakly ionized parts of molecular clouds. Zeeman measurements provide the strength of the magnetic field along the line of sight, polarimetry measurements give the field orientation in the plane of the sky and the ion-to-neutral molecular line width ratio determines the angle between the magnetic field and the line of sight. We apply the technique to the M17 star-forming region using a HERTZ 350 um polarimetry map and HCO+-to-HCN molecular line width ratios to provide the first three-dimensional view of the magnetic field in M17. Read More

Affiliations: 1Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 2Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 3California Institute of Technology, 4Universite de Montreal, 5Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

We present further observational evidence in support of our earlier proposal (Houde et al. 2000) for detecting the presence of the magnetic field in molecular clouds by comparing spectra of molecular ions with those of neutral molecules. The ion lines tend to be narrower and do not show the wings due to flows, when the magnetic field is sufficiently strong. Read More

We present a study of the scaling properties of bipolar outflows, generic to the circumstellar environment of young stellar objects, and which are generally believed to be magnetohydrodynamically driven. Our work consists of a multifractal analysis of near-infrared light scattered by dust grains in the lobes of seven bipolar nebulae, namely GGD 18, V380 Orionis, LkH\alpha 101/NGC 1579, LkH\alpha 233, PV Cephei, V645 Cygni (GL 2789), and V633 Cassiopeiae (LkH\alpha 198). We argue that these objects pertain to a multifractal universality class, with the corresponding universal parameters averaged over the ensemble yielding alpha= 1. Read More

We present a study of the polarizing power of the dust in cold dense regions (dark clouds) compared to that of dust in the general interstellar medium (ISM). Our study uses new polarimetric, optical, and spectral classification data for 36 stars to carefully study the relation between polarization percentage (p) and extinction (A_V) in the Taurus dark cloud complex. We find two trends in our p-A_V study: (1) stars background to the warm ISM show an increase in p with A_V; and (2) the percentage of polarization of stars background to cold dark clouds does not increase with extinction. Read More