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Phillip A. Cargile
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Phillip A. Cargile
United States

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (20)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (20)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
Astrophysics (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Phillip A. Cargile

In the era of large stellar spectroscopic surveys, there is emphasis on deriving not only stellar abundances but also ages for millions of stars. In the context of Galactic archeology, stellar ages provide a direct probe of the formation history of the Galaxy. We use the stellar evolution code MESA to compute models with atomic diffusion--with and without radiative acceleration--and extra mixing in the surface layers. Read More

The size of a planet is an observable property directly connected to the physics of its formation and evolution. We used precise radius measurements from the California-Kepler Survey (CKS) to study the size distribution of 2025 $\textit{Kepler}$ planets in fine detail. We detect a deficit in that distribution at 1. Read More

The California-Kepler Survey (CKS) is an observational program to improve our knowledge of the properties of stars found to host transiting planets by NASA's Kepler Mission. The improvement stems from new high-resolution optical spectra obtained using HIRES at the W. M. Read More

We present stellar and planetary properties for 1305 Kepler Objects of Interest (KOIs) hosting 2025 planet candidates observed as part of the California-Kepler Survey. We combine spectroscopic constraints, presented in Paper I, with isochrone modeling to estimate stellar masses, radii, and ages. Stellar radii are constrained to 9%, compared to typically 42% when only photometric constraints are used. Read More

One of the most well-studied young stellar associations, Taurus-Auriga, will be observed by the extended Kepler mission, K2, in the spring of 2017. K2 Campaign 13 (C13) will be a unique opportunity to study many stars in this young association at high photometric precision and cadence. Using observations from the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) survey, we identify "dippers", stochastic variables, and periodic variables among K2 C13 target stars. Read More

In some planet formation theories, protoplanets grow gravitationally within a young star's protoplanetary disk, a signature of which may be a localized disturbance in the disk's radial and/or vertical structure. Using time-series photometric observations by the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope South (KELT-South) project and the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN), combined with archival observations, we present the discovery of two extended dimming events of the young star, DM Ori. This young system faded by $\sim$1. Read More

We present the results of an optical photometry and high-resolution spectroscopy campaign for a modest sample of X-ray selected stars in the Chamaeleon and Rho Ophiuchus star forming regions. With R~50000 optical spectra, we establish kinematic membership of the parent association and confirm stellar youth for each star in our sample. With the acquisition of new standardized BVIc photometry, in concert with near-infrared data from the literature, we derive age and mass from stellar positions in model-dependent Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams. Read More

AA Tau is a well studied young stellar object that presents many of the photometric characteristics of a Classical T Tauri star (CTTS), including short-timescale stochastic variability attributed to spots and/or accretion as well as long duration dimming events attributed to occultations by vertical features (e.g., warps) in its circumstellar disk. Read More

The Lithium Depletion Boundary (LDB) is a robust method for accurately determining the ages of young clusters, but most pre-main-sequence models used to derive LDB ages do not include the effects of magnetic activity on stellar properties. In light of this, we present results from our spectroscopic study of the very low-mass members of the southern open cluster Blanco 1 using the Gemini-North telescope, program IDs: GN-2009B-Q-53 and GN-2010B-Q-96. We obtained GMOS spectra at intermediate resolution for cluster candidate members with $I$$\approx$13--20 mag. Read More

We outline an approach yielding proper motions with higher precision than exists in present catalogs for a sample of stars in the Kepler field. To increase proper motion precision we combine first moment centroids of Kepler pixel data from a single Season with existing catalog positions and proper motions. We use this astrometry to produce improved reduced proper motion diagrams, analogous to a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, for stars identified as Kepler Objects of Interest. Read More

Studies of Galactic chemical and dynamical evolution in the solar neighborhood depend on the availability of precise atmospheric parameters (Teff, [Fe/H] and log g) for solar-type stars. Many large-scale spectroscopic surveys operate at low to moderate spectral resolution for efficiency in observing large samples, which makes the stellar characterization difficult due to the high degree of blending of spectral features. While most surveys use spectral synthesis, in this work we employ an alternative method based on spectral indices to determine the atmospheric parameters of a sample of nearby FGK dwarfs and subgiants observed by the MARVELS survey at moderate resolving power (R~12,000). Read More

We have used Sloan Digital Sky Survey-III (SDSS-III) Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) radial velocity observations in the near-infrared $H$-band to explore the membership of the nearby ($86.7 \pm 0.9$ pc) open cluster Coma Berenices (Melotte 111), concentrating on the poorly-populated low-mass end of the main sequence. Read More

We report the discovery of KELT-6b, a mildly-inflated Saturn-mass planet transiting a metal-poor host. The initial transit signal was identified in KELT-North survey data, and the planetary nature of the occulter was established using a combination of follow-up photometry, high-resolution imaging, high-resolution spectroscopy, and precise radial velocity measurements. The fiducial model from a global analysis including constraints from isochrones indicates that the V=10. Read More

RW Aur A is a classical T Tauri star, believed to have undergone a reconfiguration of its circumstellar environment as a consequence of a recent fly-by of its stellar companion, RW Aur B. This interaction stripped away part of the circumstellar disk of RW Aur A, leaving a tidally disrupted arm and a short truncated circumstellar disk. We present photometric observations of the RW Aur system from the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) survey showing a long and deep dimming that occurred from September 2010 until March 2011. Read More

We report the discovery of a highly eccentric, double-lined spectroscopic binary star system (TYC 3010-1494-1), comprising two solar-type stars that we had initially identified as a single star with a brown dwarf companion. At the moderate resolving power of the MARVELS spectrograph and the spectrographs used for subsequent radial-velocity (RV) measurements (R ~ <30,000), this particular stellar binary mimics a single-lined binary with an RV signal that would be induced by a brown dwarf companion (Msin(i)~50 M_Jup) to a solar-type primary. At least three properties of this system allow it to masquerade as a single star with a very low-mass companion: its large eccentricity (e~0. Read More

We have analyzed new and previously published radial velocity observations of MARVELS-1, known to have an ostensibly substellar companion in a ~6- day orbit. We find significant (~100 m/s) residuals to the best-fit model for the companion, and these residuals are naively consistent with an interior giant planet with a P = 1.965d in a nearly perfect 3:1 period commensuribility (|Pb/Pc - 3| < 10^{-4}). Read More

We report the discovery via radial velocity of a short-period (P = 2.430420 \pm 0.000006 days) companion to the F-type main sequence star TYC 2930-00872-1. Read More

Exoplanet transit and Doppler surveys discover many binary stars during their operation that can be used to conduct a variety of ancillary science. Specifically, eclipsing binary stars can be used to study the stellar mass-radius relationship and to test predictions of theoretical stellar evolution models. By cross-referencing 24 binary stars found in the MARVELS Pilot Project with SuperWASP photometry, we find two new eclipsing binaries, TYC 0272-00458-1 and TYC 1422-01328-1, which we use as case studies to develop a general approach to eclipsing binaries in survey data. Read More

Authors: Daniel J. Eisenstein, David H. Weinberg, Eric Agol, Hiroaki Aihara, Carlos Allende Prieto, Scott F. Anderson, James A. Arns, Eric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Eduardo Balbinot, Robert Barkhouser, Timothy C. Beers, Andreas A. Berlind, Steven J. Bickerton, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael R. Blanton, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Casey T. Bosman, Jo Bovy, Howard J. Brewington, W. N. Brandt, Ben Breslauer, J. Brinkmann, Peter J. Brown, Joel R. Brownstein, Dan Burger, Nicolas G. Busca, Heather Campbell, Phillip A. Cargile, William C. Carithers, Joleen K. Carlberg, Michael A. Carr, Yanmei Chen, Cristina Chiappini, Johan Comparat, Natalia Connolly, Marina Cortes, Rupert A. C. Croft, Luiz N. da Costa, Katia Cunha, James R. A. Davenport, Kyle Dawson, Nathan De Lee, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello, Fernando de Simoni, Janice Dean, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Jacob M. Eiting, Stephanie Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, Xiaohui Fan, Bruno Femenia Castella, Leticia Dutra Ferreira, Greg Fitzgerald, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Eric B. Ford, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Ana Elia Garcia Perez, B. Scott Gaudi, Jian Ge, Luan Ghezzi, Bruce A. Gillespie, G. Gilmore, Leo Girardi, J. Richard Gott, Andrew Gould, Eva K. Grebel, James E. Gunn, Jean-Christophe Hamilton, Paul Harding, David W. Harris, Suzanne L. Hawley, Frederick R. Hearty, Jonay I. Gonzalez Hernandez, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, Naohisa Inada, Inese I. Ivans, Linhua Jiang, Peng Jiang, Jennifer A. Johnson, Cathy Jordan, Wendell P. Jordan, Guinevere Kauffmann, Eyal Kazin, David Kirkby, Mark A. Klaene, Jean-Paul Kneib, G. R. Knapp, C. S. Kochanek, Lars Koesterke, Juna A. Kollmeier, Richard G. Kron, Dustin Lang, James E. Lawler, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Brian L. Lee, Young Sun Lee, Jarron M. Leisenring, Yen-Ting Lin, Jian Liu, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Britt Lundgren, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Zhibo Ma, Nicholas MacDonald, Claude Mack, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Steven R. Majewski, Martin Makler, Rachel Mandelbaum, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Paul Maseman, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Patrick McDonald, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Olga Mena Requejo, Brice Menard, Jordi Miralda-Escude, Heather L. Morrison, Fergal Mullally, Demitri Muna, Hitoshi Murayama, Adam D. Myers, Tracy Naugle, Angelo Fausti Neto, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Robert W. O'Connell, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Martin Paegert, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, Parul Pandey, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Paris, Paulo Pellegrini, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Patrick Petitjean, Robert Pfaffenberger, Janine Pforr, Stefanie Phleps, Christophe Pichon, Matthew M. Pieri, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Beatriz H. F. Ramos, Celine Ryle, I. Neill Reid, James Rich, Gordon T. Richards, George H. Rieke, Marcia J. Rieke, Hans-Walter Rix, Annie C. Robin, Helio J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Emmanuel Rollinde, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Bruno Rossetto, Ariel G. Sanchez, Basilio Santiago, Conor Sayres, Ricardo Schiavon, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Kris Sellgren, Alaina Shelden, Erin Sheldon, Matthew Shetrone, Yiping Shu, John D. Silverman, Jennifer Simmerer, Audrey E. Simmons, Thirupathi Sivarani, M. F. Skrutskie, Anze Slosar, Stephen Smee, Verne V. Smith, Stephanie A. Snedden, Keivan G. Stassun, Oliver Steele, Matthias Steinmetz, Mark H. Stockett, Todd Stollberg, Michael A. Strauss, Masayuki Tanaka, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Jeremy L. Tinker, Benjamin M. Tofflemire, Rita Tojeiro, Christy A. Tremonti, Mariana Vargas Magana, Licia Verde, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Xiaoke Wan, Ji Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, Martin White, Simon D. M. White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Brian Yanny, Naoki Yasuda, Christophe Yeche, Donald G. York, Erick Young, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Bo Zhao

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS DR8 (which occurred in Jan 2011). This paper presents an overview of the four SDSS-III surveys. Read More

We present a new, BVIc photometric survey of the young open cluster IC4665, which improves on previous studies of this young cluster by incorporating a rigorous standardization procedure, thus providing high-fidelity colors and magnitudes for cluster members. We use this new photometric dataset to reevaluate the properties (age and distance) of IC4665. Namely, using a statistical approach incorporating Tau^2 CMD modeling, we measure a pre-main-sequence isochrone age and distance of 36+-9 Myr and 360+-12 pc, as well as a upper-main-sequence turn-off age and distance of 42+-12 Myr and 357+-12 pc. Read More

Authors: LSST Science Collaboration, Paul A. Abell1, Julius Allison2, Scott F. Anderson3, John R. Andrew4, J. Roger P. Angel5, Lee Armus6, David Arnett7, S. J. Asztalos8, Tim S. Axelrod9, Stephen Bailey10, D. R. Ballantyne11, Justin R. Bankert12, Wayne A. Barkhouse13, Jeffrey D. Barr14, L. Felipe Barrientos15, Aaron J. Barth16, James G. Bartlett17, Andrew C. Becker18, Jacek Becla19, Timothy C. Beers20, Joseph P. Bernstein21, Rahul Biswas22, Michael R. Blanton23, Joshua S. Bloom24, John J. Bochanski25, Pat Boeshaar26, Kirk D. Borne27, Marusa Bradac28, W. N. Brandt29, Carrie R. Bridge30, Michael E. Brown31, Robert J. Brunner32, James S. Bullock33, Adam J. Burgasser34, James H. Burge35, David L. Burke36, Phillip A. Cargile37, Srinivasan Chandrasekharan38, George Chartas39, Steven R. Chesley40, You-Hua Chu41, David Cinabro42, Mark W. Claire43, Charles F. Claver44, Douglas Clowe45, A. J. Connolly46, Kem H. Cook47, Jeff Cooke48, Asantha Cooray49, Kevin R. Covey50, Christopher S. Culliton51, Roelof de Jong52, Willem H. de Vries53, Victor P. Debattista54, Francisco Delgado55, Ian P. Dell'Antonio56, Saurav Dhital57, Rosanne Di Stefano58, Mark Dickinson59, Benjamin Dilday60, S. G. Djorgovski61, Gregory Dobler62, Ciro Donalek63, Gregory Dubois-Felsmann64, Josef Durech65, Ardis Eliasdottir66, Michael Eracleous67, Laurent Eyer68, Emilio E. Falco69, Xiaohui Fan70, Christopher D. Fassnacht71, Harry C. Ferguson72, Yanga R. Fernandez73, Brian D. Fields74, Douglas Finkbeiner75, Eduardo E. Figueroa76, Derek B. Fox77, Harold Francke78, James S. Frank79, Josh Frieman80, Sebastien Fromenteau81, Muhammad Furqan82, Gaspar Galaz83, A. Gal-Yam84, Peter Garnavich85, Eric Gawiser86, John Geary87, Perry Gee88, Robert R. Gibson89, Kirk Gilmore90, Emily A. Grace91, Richard F. Green92, William J. Gressler93, Carl J. Grillmair94, Salman Habib95, J. S. Haggerty96, Mario Hamuy97, Alan W. Harris98, Suzanne L. Hawley99, Alan F. Heavens100, Leslie Hebb101, Todd J. Henry102, Edward Hileman103, Eric J. Hilton104, Keri Hoadley105, J. B. Holberg106, Matt J. Holman107, Steve B. Howell108, Leopoldo Infante109, Zeljko Ivezic110, Suzanne H. Jacoby111, Bhuvnesh Jain112, R113, Jedicke114, M. James Jee115, J. Garrett Jernigan116, Saurabh W. Jha117, Kathryn V. Johnston118, R. Lynne Jones119, Mario Juric120, Mikko Kaasalainen121, Styliani122, Kafka, Steven M. Kahn, Nathan A. Kaib, Jason Kalirai, Jeff Kantor, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Charles R. Keeton, Richard Kessler, Zoran Knezevic, Adam Kowalski, Victor L. Krabbendam, K. Simon Krughoff, Shrinivas Kulkarni, Stephen Kuhlman, Mark Lacy, Sebastien Lepine, Ming Liang, Amy Lien, Paulina Lira, Knox S. Long, Suzanne Lorenz, Jennifer M. Lotz, R. H. Lupton, Julie Lutz, Lucas M. Macri, Ashish A. Mahabal, Rachel Mandelbaum, Phil Marshall, Morgan May, Peregrine M. McGehee, Brian T. Meadows, Alan Meert, Andrea Milani, Christopher J. Miller, Michelle Miller, David Mills, Dante Minniti, David Monet, Anjum S. Mukadam, Ehud Nakar, Douglas R. Neill, Jeffrey A. Newman, Sergei Nikolaev, Martin Nordby, Paul O'Connor, Masamune Oguri, John Oliver, Scot S. Olivier, Julia K. Olsen, Knut Olsen, Edward W. Olszewski, Hakeem Oluseyi, Nelson D. Padilla, Alex Parker, Joshua Pepper, John R. Peterson, Catherine Petry, Philip A. Pinto, James L. Pizagno, Bogdan Popescu, Andrej Prsa, Veljko Radcka, M. Jordan Raddick, Andrew Rasmussen, Arne Rau, Jeonghee Rho, James E. Rhoads, Gordon T. Richards, Stephen T. Ridgway, Brant E. Robertson, Rok Roskar, Abhijit Saha, Ata Sarajedini, Evan Scannapieco, Terry Schalk, Rafe Schindler, Samuel Schmidt, Sarah Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, German Schumacher, Ryan Scranton, Jacques Sebag, Lynn G. Seppala, Ohad Shemmer, Joshua D. Simon, M. Sivertz, Howard A. Smith, J. Allyn Smith, Nathan Smith, Anna H. Spitz, Adam Stanford, Keivan G. Stassun, Jay Strader, Michael A. Strauss, Christopher W. Stubbs, Donald W. Sweeney, Alex Szalay, Paula Szkody, Masahiro Takada, Paul Thorman, David E. Trilling, Virginia Trimble, Anthony Tyson, Richard Van Berg, Daniel Vanden Berk, Jake VanderPlas, Licia Verde, Bojan Vrsnak, Lucianne M. Walkowicz, Benjamin D. Wandelt, Sheng Wang, Yun Wang, Michael Warner, Risa H. Wechsler, Andrew A. West, Oliver Wiecha, Benjamin F. Williams, Beth Willman, David Wittman, Sidney C. Wolff, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Przemek Wozniak, Patrick Young, Andrew Zentner, Hu Zhan
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A survey that can cover the sky in optical bands over wide fields to faint magnitudes with a fast cadence will enable many of the exciting science opportunities of the next decade. The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will have an effective aperture of 6.7 meters and an imaging camera with field of view of 9. Read More

The mass and chemical composition of a star are the primary determinants of its basic physical properties--radius, temperature, luminosity--and how those properties evolve with time. Thus, two stars born at the same time, from the same natal material, and with the same mass are 'identical twins,' and as such might be expected to possess identical physical attributes. We have discovered in the Orion Nebula a pair of stellar twins in a newborn binary star system. Read More