Peter Tino - School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, UK;

Peter Tino
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Peter Tino
School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, UK;
United Kingdom

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Computer Science - Learning (5)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (4)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (2)
Statistics - Methodology (2)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (2)
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Astrophysics (1)
Statistics - Computation (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)

Publications Authored By Peter Tino

The abundance of data produced daily from large variety of sources has boosted the need of novel approaches on causal inference analysis from observational data. Observational data often contain noisy or missing entries. Moreover, causal inference studies may require unobserved high-level information which needs to be inferred from other observed attributes. Read More

The recent advanced LIGO detections of gravitational waves from merging binary black holes enhance the prospect of exploring binary evolution via gravitational-wave observations of a population of compact-object binaries. In the face of uncertainty about binary formation models, model-independent inference provides an appealing alternative to comparisons between observed and modelled populations. We describe a procedure for clustering in the multi-dimensional parameter space of observations that are subject to significant measurement errors. Read More

We present a general framework for classifying partially observed dynamical systems based on the idea of learning in the model space. In contrast to the existing approaches using model point estimates to represent individual data items, we employ posterior distributions over models, thus taking into account in a principled manner the uncertainty due to both the generative (observational and/or dynamic noise) and observation (sampling in time) processes. We evaluate the framework on two testbeds - a biological pathway model and a stochastic double-well system. Read More

Indefinite similarity measures can be frequently found in bio-informatics by means of alignment scores, but are also common in other fields like shape measures in image retrieval. Lacking an underlying vector space, the data are given as pairwise similarities only. The few algorithms available for such data do not scale to larger datasets. Read More

We present an approach for the visualisation of a set of time series that combines an echo state network with an autoencoder. For each time series in the dataset we train an echo state network, using a common and fixed reservoir of hidden neurons, and use the optimised readout weights as the new representation. Dimensionality reduction is then performed via an autoencoder on the readout weight representations. Read More

According to behavioral finance, stock market returns are influenced by emotional, social and psychological factors. Several recent works support this theory by providing evidence of correlation between stock market prices and collective sentiment indexes measured using social media data. However, a pure correlation analysis is not sufficient to prove that stock market returns are influenced by such emotional factors since both stock market prices and collective sentiment may be driven by a third unmeasured factor. Read More

Strongly lensed variable quasars can serve as precise cosmological probes, provided that time delays between the image fluxes can be accurately measured. A number of methods have been proposed to address this problem. In this paper, we explore in detail a new approach based on kernel regression estimates, which is able to estimate a single time delay given several datasets for the same quasar. Read More

We present an algorithm for the visualisation of time series. To that end we employ echo state networks to convert time series into a suitable vector representation which is capable of capturing the latent dynamics of the time series. Subsequently, the obtained vector representations are put through an autoencoder and the visualisation is constructed using the activations of the bottleneck. Read More

We present a detailed analysis of the Connecting Nearest Neighbors (CNN) model by V\'azquez. We show that the degree distribution follows a power law, but the scaling exponent can vary with the parameter setting. Moreover, the correspondence of the growing version of the Connecting Nearest Neighbors (GCNN) model to the particular random walk model (PRW model) and recursive search model (RS model) is established. Read More

The emergence of large scaled sensor networks facilitates the collection of large amounts of real-time data to monitor and control complex engineering systems. However, in many cases the collected data may be incomplete or inconsistent, while the underlying environment may be time-varying or un-formulated. In this paper, we have developed an innovative cognitive fault diagnosis framework that tackles the above challenges. Read More

Since Estimation of Distribution Algorithms (EDA) were proposed, many attempts have been made to improve EDAs' performance in the context of global optimization. So far, the studies or applications of multivariate probabilistic model based continuous EDAs are still restricted to rather low dimensional problems (smaller than 100D). Traditional EDAs have difficulties in solving higher dimensional problems because of the curse of dimensionality and their rapidly increasing computational cost. Read More

We present a probabilistic generative approach for constructing topographic maps of light curves from eclipsing binary stars. The model defines a low-dimensional manifold of local noise models induced by a smooth non-linear mapping from a low-dimensional latent space into the space of probabilistic models of the observed light curves. The local noise models are physical models that describe how such light curves are generated. Read More

We study the problem of estimating the time delay between two signals representing delayed, irregularly sampled and noisy versions of the same underlying pattern. We propose and demonstrate an evolutionary algorithm for the (hyper)parameter estimation of a kernel-based technique in the context of an astronomical problem, namely estimating the time delay between two gravitationally lensed signals from a distant quasar. Mixed types (integer and real) are used to represent variables within the evolutionary algorithm. Read More

Affiliations: 1School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, UK;, 2School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham, UK;, 3School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Birmingham, UK;

We present a novel approach to estimate the time delay between light curves of multiple images in a gravitationally lensed system, based on Kernel methods in the context of machine learning. We perform various experiments with artificially generated irregularly-sampled data sets to study the effect of the various levels of noise and the presence of gaps of various size in the monitoring data. We compare the performance of our method with various other popular methods of estimating the time delay and conclude, from experiments with artificial data, that our method is least vulnerable to missing data and irregular sampling, within reasonable bounds of Gaussian noise. Read More