Peter Samuelsson

Peter Samuelsson
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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (10)
 
Quantum Physics (3)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
 
Physics - History of Physics (1)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)

Publications Authored By Peter Samuelsson

Solid-state on-demand sources of coherent electrons offer new possibilities to explore and exploit the distinction between quantum and classical properties of individual particles. Here we investigate theoretically an emission mechanism that enables a crossover from stochastic semi-classical to Heisenberg-limited quantum wave-packets. The source is modelled by an energy level tunnel-coupled to an empty conduction band and driven up linearly in time; emission control is achieved by designing the energy dependence of the tunnel-coupling density and tuning the driving rate. Read More

We show theoretically that a thermoelectric heat engine, operating exclusively due to quantum-mechanical interference, can reach optimal linear-response performance. A chiral edge state implementation of a close-to-optimal heat engine is proposed in an electronic Mach-Zehnder interferometer with a mesoscopic capacitor coupled to one arm. We demonstrate that the maximum power and corresponding efficiency can reach 90\% and 83\%, respectively, of the theoretical maximum. Read More

In mesoscopic and nanoscale systems at low temperatures, charge carriers are typically not in thermal equilibrium with the surrounding lattice. The resulting, non-equilibrium dynamics of electrons has only begun to be explored. Experimentally the time-dependence of the electron temperature (deviating from the lattice temperature) has been investigated in small metallic islands. Read More

We propose and analyze the use of hybrid microwave cavities as quantum heat engines. A possible realization consists of two macroscopically separated quantum dot conductors coupled capacitively to the fundamental mode of a microwave cavity. We demonstrate that an electrical current can be induced in one conductor through cavity-mediated processes by heating up the other conductor. Read More

We investigate correlations of current at contacts and voltage fluctuations at voltage probes coupled to interferometers. The results are compared with correlations of current and occupation number fluctuations at dephasing probes. We use a quantum Langevin approach for the average quantities and their fluctuations. Read More

Voltage and dephasing probes introduce incoherent inelastic and incoherent quasi-elastic scattering into a coherent mesoscopic conductor. We discuss in detail the concepts of voltage and dephasing probes and develop a full counting statistics approach to investigate their effect on the transport statistics. The formalism is applied to several experimentally relevant examples. Read More

We investigate the two-particle spin entanglement in magnetic nanoclusters described by the periodic Anderson model. An entanglement phase diagram is obtained, providing a novel perspective on a central property of magnetic nanoclusters, namely the temperature dependent competition between local Kondo screening and nonlocal Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida spin ordering. We find that multiparticle entangled states are present for finite magnetic field as well as in the mixed valence regime and away from half filling. Read More

We derive the full counting statistics of charge transfer through a voltage biased superconducting junction. We find that for measurement times much longer than the inverse Josephson frequency, the counting statistics describes a correlated transfer of quanta of multiple electron charges, each quantum associated with the transfer of a single quasiparticle. An expression for the the counting statistics in terms of the quasiparticle scattering amplitudes is derived. Read More

We investigate conductances and current correlations in a system consisting of a normal multichannel conductor connected to one superconducting and two ferromagnetic electrodes. For antiparallel orientation of the ferromagnet polarizations, current injection from one ferromagnet can, due to Andreev reflection, lead to a net drag of current from the second ferromagnet toward the superconductor. We present the conditions for the Andreev drag in terms of the degree of lead polarizations, contact conductances and spin-flip scattering. Read More

We discuss how to control dc Josephson current by influencing the structure and nonequilibrium population of Andreev levels via external electrostatic gates, external current injection and electromagnetic radiation. In particular we will consider the "giant" Josephson current in "long" SIS tunnel junctions and the regular and anomalous nonequilibrium Josephson currents in three terminal SNS junctions. We will briefly discuss applications to the Josephson field effect transistor (JOFET) and to the newly invented Josephson interference transistor (JOINT). Read More