Peter Lichard - Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, USA and Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Czech Republic

Peter Lichard
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Peter Lichard
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Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, USA and Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Czech Republic
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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (16)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Nuclear Theory (1)

Publications Authored By Peter Lichard

The role of the a_1(1420) resonance in the three-pion decays of the tau lepton is investigated using a phenomenological model. For all data before 2008, roughly equal fit quality is achieved when the basic a_1(1260) resonance is supplemented with either a_1(1640) or a_1(1420). However, two recent and more precise data sets require resonances with masses that are not very far from that of a_1(1420). Read More

Encouraged by a recent observation of the B_c^+ -> B_s^0 + pi^+ decay by the LHCb collaboration we present the meson dominance predictions for other weak decays of the B_c^+ into B_s^0 or B^0 in the form of branching ratios to the observed decay. Read More

It is shown that the pi^0 transition form factor F(Q_1^2,Q_2^2) differs substantially from its one-real-photon limit F(Q_1^2,0) even for rather small values of Q_2^2 (approx 0.1 GeV^2), which cannot be excluded in experiments with one "untagged" electron. It indicates that the comparison of data with theoretical calculations, which usually assume Q_2^2=0, may be untrustworthy. Read More

The e+e- --> pi+pi-pi0pi0 reaction cross section as a function of the incident energy is calculated using a model that is an extension of our recently published model of the e+e- annihilation into four charged pions. The latter considered the intermediate states with the pi, rho, and a_1 mesons and fixed the mixing angle of the a_1-rho-pi Lagrangian and other parameters by fitting the cross section data. Here we supplement the original intermediate states with those containing omega(782) and h_1(1170), but keep unchanged the values of those parameters that enter both charged and mixed channel calculations. Read More

The NA60 experiment has measured low-mass muon pair production in In-In collisions at 158 A GeV with unprecedented precision. We show that this data is reproduced very well by a dynamical model with parameters scaled from fits to measurements of hadronic transverse mass spectra and Hanbury-Brown and Twiss correlations in Pb-Pb and Pb-Au collisions at the same energy. The data is consistent with in-medium properties of $\rho$ and $\omega$-mesons at finite temperature and density as deduced from empirical forward-scattering amplitudes. Read More

In order to reveal possible mass shifts of the vector mesons in a dense strongly interacting medium presumably created in high energy heavy ion collisions it is necessary to know their free masses reliably. The rho(770) mass quoted in the last two editions of the Review of Particle Physics is significantly larger than the values quoted in previous editions. The new value is mostly influenced by the results of recent experiments CMD-2 and SND at the VEPP-2M e+e- collider at Novosibirsk. Read More

The excitation curve of e+e- annihilation into four charged pions in the rho(770) region is calculated using three existing models with rho mesons and pions in intermediate states supplemented by Feynman diagrams with the a_1(1260)pi intermediate states. A two-term phenomenological Lagrangian of the a_1-rho-pi interaction is used. The mixing angle is determined by fitting the e+e- --> pi+pi-pi+pi- cross section data of the Novosibirsk CMD-2 collaboration and also its combination with the low-energy part of the BaBar collaboration data. Read More

The rate of the beta decay of neutral kaons is calculated within the meson dominance approach taking into account the relation between the KK\rho and \pi\pi\rho coupling constants which follows from the vector meson dominance in electromagnetic interactions and isospin symmetry. The decay rate transforms into the following branching fraction summed over the charge states indicated: B(K0L -> K+- e-+ nu)=(2.53+-0. Read More

1999Apr
Authors: Peter Lichard1
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, USA and Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Czech Republic

We investigate the mechanism of K+ -> pi+ l+ l- (l= e, mu) decays in which a virtual photon is emitted either from the incoming K+ or the outgoing pi+. We point out some inconsistencies with and between two previous calculations, discuss the possible experimental inputs, and estimate the branching fractions. This mechanism alone fails to explain the existing experimental data by more than one order-of-magnitude. Read More

1999Mar
Authors: Peter Lichard1
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, USA and Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Czech Republic

We investigate the relations between the K_{l3} and tau --> K pi nu_tau decays using the meson dominance approach. First, the experimental branching fractions (BF) for K^-_{e3} and K^0_{e3} are used to fix two normalization constants (isospin invariance is not assumed). Then, the BF of tau^- --> K^*(892)^- nu_tau is calculated in agreement with experiment. Read More

1999Mar
Authors: Peter Lichard1
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, USA and Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Czech Republic

We make an attempt to resolve the discrepancy of the observed e+e- mass spectrum in the K+ --> pi+e+e- decay with that predicted by meson dominance. To this end we investigate the properties of the rho0 propagator. We use dispersion relations to evaluate the running mass squared m_rho^2(t) of the rho0 resonance without adjustable parameters. Read More

1998Dec
Authors: Peter Lichard1
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA

The glob model of Lichard and Van Hove and the modified soft annihilation model (MSAM) of Lichard and Thompson are used as a phenomenological tool for relating results from various experiments on soft photon production in high energy collisions. The total phenomenological expectation is composed of contributions from classical bremsstrahlung, the soft annihilation model and the glob model. The empirical excess above the background from hadronic decays at very small longitudinal momenta of photons is well reproduced, as well as that for transverse momenta pT >~ 10 MeV/c. Read More

1998Dec
Authors: Peter Lichard1
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA

We derive a set of new formulas for various distributions in dilepton production via virtual photon bremsstrahlung from pseudoscalar mesons and unpolarized spin-one-half fermions. These formulas correspond to the leading and sub-leading terms in the Low-Burnett-Kroll expansion for real photon bremsstrahlung. The relation of our leading-term formulas to previous works is also shown. Read More

1998Nov
Authors: Peter Lichard1
Affiliations: 1Institute of Physics, Silesian University, Opava, Czech Republic and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, USA

The widely accepted assumption that the decay of a resonance proceeds independently of its production, quantitatively expressed as a factorizing formula for the differential cross section in the invariant mass of unpolarized resonance debris, is put under scrutiny. It is shown that the factorization is always valid for scalar and pseudoscalar resonances, although the usual version of the formula is not entirely correct. For resonances with nonzero spins the factorization does not generally take place. Read More

The hypothesis is scrutinized that the weak interaction of hadronic systems at low energies is dominated by the coupling of the pseudoscalar, vector, and axial-vector mesons to the weak gauge bosons. The strength of the weak coupling of the rho(770) meson is uniquely determined by vector-meson dominance in electromagnetic interactions; flavor and chiral symmetry breaking effects modify the coupling of other vector mesons and axial-vector mesons. Many decay rates are calculated and compared to experimental data and partly to predictions of other models. Read More

We study the net dielectron production rates from an ensemble of thermal mesons, using an effective Lagrangian to model their interaction. The coupling between the electromagnetic and the hadronic sectors is done through the vector meson dominance approach. For the first time, a complete set of light mesons is considered. Read More