Pere Ara

Pere Ara
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Mathematics - Operator Algebras (19)
 
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (18)
 
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (5)
 
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (3)
 
Mathematics - Group Theory (2)
 
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Pere Ara

We introduce a new class of partial actions of free groups on totally disconnected compact Hausdorff spaces, which we call convex subshifts. These serve as an abstract framework for the partial actions associated with finite separated graphs in much the same way as classical subshifts generalize the edge shift of a finite graph. We define the notion of a finite type convex subshift and show that any such subshift is Kakutani equivalent to the partial action associated with a finite bipartite separated graph. Read More

For a division ring $D$, denote by $\mathcal M_D$ the $D$-ring obtained as the completion of the direct limit $\varinjlim_n M_{2^n}(D)$ with respect to the metric induced by its unique rank function. We prove that, for any ultramatricial $D$-ring $\mathcal B$ and any non-discrete extremal pseudo-rank function $N$ on $\mathcal B$, there is an isomorphism of $D$-rings $\overline{\mathcal B} \cong \mathcal M_D$, where $\overline{\mathcal B}$ stands for the completion of $\mathcal B$ with respect to the pseudo-metric induced by $N$. This generalizes a result of von Neumann. Read More

We study the category of left unital graded modules over the Steinberg algebra of a graded ample Hausdorff groupoid. In the first part of the paper, we show that this category is isomorphic to the category of unital left modules over the Steinberg algebra of the skew-product groupoid arising from the grading. To do this, we show that the Steinberg algebra of the skew product is graded isomorphic to a natural generalisation of the the Cohen-Montgomery smash product of the Steinberg algebra of the underlying groupoid with the grading group. Read More

In this article we analyze the notions of amenability and paradoxical decomposition from an algebraic perspective. We consider this dichotomy for locally finite extended metric spaces and for general algebras over commutative fields. In the context of algebras we also study the relation of amenability with proper infiniteness. Read More

We show how to reconstruct a graded ample Hausdorff groupoid with topologically principal neutrally graded component from the ring structure of its graded Steinberg algebra over any commutative integral domain with 1, together with the embedding of the canonical abelian subring of functions supported on the unit space. We deduce that diagonal-preserving ring isomorphism of Leavitt path algebras implies $C^*$-isomorphism of $C^*$-algebras for graphs $E$ and $F$ in which every cycle has an exit. Read More

A {\it separated graph} is a pair $(E,C)$ consisting of a directed graph $E$ and a set $C=\bigsqcup_{v\in E^0}C_v$, where each $C_v$ is a partition of the set of edges whose terminal vertex is $v$. Given a separated graph $(E,C)$, such that all the sets $X\in C$ are finite, the K-theory of the graph C*-algebra $C^*(E,C)$ is known to be determined by the kernel and the cokernel of a certain map, denoted by $1_C- A_{(E,C)}$, from $\mathbb Z^{(C)}$ to $\mathbb Z^{(E^0)}$. In this paper, we compute the K-theory of the {\it tame} graph C*-algebra $\mathcal O(E,C)$ associated to $(E,C)$, which has been recently introduced by the authors. Read More

Let $E$ be an arbitrary graph and $K$ be any field. We construct various classes of non-isomorphic simple modules over the Leavitt path algebra $L_{K}(E)$ induced by vertices which are infinite emiters, closed paths which are exclusive cycles and paths which are infinite, and call these simple modules Chen modules. It is shown that every primitive ideal of $L_{K}(E)$ can be realized as the annihilator ideal of some Chen module. Read More

Let E be an arbitrary directed graph with no restrictions on the number of vertices and edges and let K be any field. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for the Leavitt path algebra L_K(E) to be of countable irreducible representation type, that is, we determine when L_K(E)has at most countably many distinct isomorphism classes of simple left L_K(E-modules. It is also shown that L_K(E) has dinitely many isomorphism classes of simple left modules if and only if L_K(E) is a semi-artinian von Neumann regular ring with at most finitely many ideals. Read More

Let $k$ be a field and let $R$ be a countable dimensional prime von Neumann regular $k$-algebra. We show that $R$ is primitive, answering a special case of a question of Kaplansky. Read More

The present article is a review of recent developments concerning the notion of F{\o}lner sequences both in operator theory and operator algebras. We also give a new direct proof that any essentially normal operator has an increasing F{\o}lner sequence $\{P_n\}$ of non-zero finite rank projections that strongly converges to 1. The proof is based on Brown-Douglas-Fillmore theory. Read More

Let $R$ be a ring (associative, with 1), and let $R<< a,b>>$ denote the power-series $R$-ring in two non-commuting, $R$-centralizing variables, $a$ and $b$. Let $A$ be an $R$-subring of $R<< a>>$ and $B$ be an $R$-subring of $R<< b>>$, and let $\alpha$ denote the natural map $A \amalg_R B \to R<< a,b>>$. This article describes some situations where $\alpha$ is injective and some where it is not. Read More

We attach to each finite bipartite separated graph (E,C) a partial dynamical system (\Omega(E,C), F, \theta), where \Omega(E,C) is a zero-dimensional metrizable compact space, F is a finitely generated free group, and {\theta} is a continuous partial action of F on \Omega(E,C). The full crossed product C*-algebra O(E,C) = C(\Omega(E,C)) \rtimes_{\theta} F is shown to be a canonical quotient of the graph C*-algebra C^*(E,C) of the separated graph (E,C). Similarly, we prove that, for any *-field K, the algebraic crossed product L^{ab}_K(E,C) = C_K(\Omega(E,C)) \rtimes_\theta^{alg} F is a canonical quotient of the Leavitt path algebra L_K(E,C) of (E,C). Read More

In the present article we review an approximation procedure for amenable traces on unital and separable C*-algebras acting on a Hilbert space in terms of F\o lner sequences of non-zero finite rank projections. We apply this method to improve spectral approximation results due to Arveson and B\'edos. We also present an abstract characterization in terms of unital completely positive maps of unital separable C*-algebras admitting a non-degenerate representation which has a F\o lner sequence or, equivalently, an amenable trace. Read More

Given a separated graph $(E,C)$, there are two different C*-algebras associated to it, the full graph C*-algebra $C^*(E,C)$, and the reduced one $C^*_{\text{red}} (E,C)$. For a large class of separated graphs $(E,C)$, we prove that $C^*_{\text{red}} (E,C)$ either is purely infinite simple or admits a faithful tracial state. The main tool we use to show pure infiniteness of reduced graph C*-algebras is a generalization to the amalgamated case of a result on purely infinite simple free products due to Dykema. Read More

Given positive integers n and m, we consider dynamical systems in which n copies of a topological space is homeomorphic to m copies of that same space. The universal such system is shown to arise naturally from the study of a C*-algebra we denote by O_{mn}, which in turn is obtained as a quotient of the well known Leavitt C*-algebra L_{mn}, a process meant to transform the generating set of partial isometries of L{mn} into a tame set. Describing O_{mn} as the crossed-product of the universal (m,n)-dynamical system by a partial action of the free group F_{m+n}, we show that O_{mn} is not exact when n and m are both greater than or equal to 2, but the corresponding reduced crossed-product, denoted O_{mn}^r, is shown to be exact and non-nuclear. Read More

We compute the Hochschild homology of Leavitt path algebras over a field $k$. As an application, we show that $L_2$ and $L_2\otimes L_2$ have different Hochschild homologies, and so they are not Morita equivalent; in particular they are not isomorphic. Similarly, $L_\infty$ and $L_\infty\otimes L_\infty$ are distinguished by their Hochschild homologies and so they are not Morita equivalent either. Read More

We discuss necessary as well as sufficient conditions for the second iterated local multiplier algebra of a separable C*-algebra to agree with the first. Read More

In this paper we introduce a new class of $K$-algebras associated with quivers. Given any finite chain $\mathbf{K}_r: K=K_0\subseteq K_1\subseteq .. Read More

Let $k$ be a field and let $E$ be a finite quiver. We study the structure of the finitely presented modules of finite length over the Leavitt path algebra $L_k (E)$ and show its close relationship with the finite-dimensional representations of the inverse quiver $\overline{E}$ of $E$, as well as with the class of finitely generated $P_k(E)$-modules $M$ such that ${\rm Tor}_q^{P_k (E)}(k^{|E^0|},M)=0$ for all $q$, where $P_k(E)$ is the usual path algebra of $E$. By using these results we compute the higher $K$-theory of the von Neumann regular algebra $Q_k (E)=L_k (E)\Sigma^{-1}$, where $\Sigma $ is the set of all square matrices over $P_k (E)$ which are sent to invertible matrices by the augmentation map $\epsilon \colon P_k (E)\to k^{|E^0|}$. Read More

Let $E$ be a row-finite quiver and let $E_0$ be the set of vertices of $E$; consider the adjacency matrix $N'_E=(n_{ij})\in\Z^{(E_0\times E_0)}$, $n_{ij}=#\{$ arrows from $i$ to $j\}$. Write $N^t_E$ and 1 for the matrices $\in \Z^{(E_0\times E_0\setminus\Sink(E))}$ which result from $N'^t_E$ and from the identity matrix after removing the columns corresponding to sinks. We consider the $K$-theory of the Leavitt algebra $L_R(E)=L_\Z(E)\otimes R$. Read More

In this article we survey some of the recent goings-on in the classification programme of C$^*$-algebras, following the interesting link found between the Cuntz semigroup and the classical Elliott invariant and the fact that the Elliott conjecture does not hold at its boldest. We review the construction of this object both by means of positive elements and via its recent interpretation using countably generated Hilbert modules (due to Coward, Elliott and Ivanescu). The passage from one picture to another is presented with full, concise, proofs. Read More

We establish a description of the maximal C*-algebra of quotients of a unital C*-algebra $A$ as a direct limit of spaces of completely bounded bimodule homomorphisms from certain operator submodules of the Haagerup tensor product $A\otimes_h A$ labelled by the essential closed right ideals of $A$ into $A$. In addition the invariance of the construction of the maximal C*-algebra of quotients under strong Morita equivalence is proved. Read More

Let $K$ be a field. We attach to each finite poset $\mathbb P$ a von Neumann regular $K$-algebra $Q_K(\mathbb P)$ in a functorial way. We show that the monoid of isomorphism classes of finitely generated projective $Q_K(\mathbb P)$-modules is the abelian monoid generated by $\mathbb P$ with the only relations given by $p=p+q$ whenever $qRead More

We survey recent progress on the realization problem for von Neumann regular rings, which asks whether every countable conical refinement monoid can be realized as the monoid of isoclasses of finitely generated projective right $R$-modules over a von Neumann regular ring $R$. Read More

A new C*-enlargement of a C*-algebra $A$ nested between the local multiplier algebra $M_{\text{loc}}(A)$ of $A$ and its injective envelope $I(A)$ is introduced. Various aspects of this maximal C*-algebra of quotients, $Q_{\text{max}}(A)$, are studied, notably in the setting of AW*-algebras. As a by-product we obtain a new example of a type I C*-algebra $A$ such that $M_{\text{loc}}(M_{\text{loc}}(A))\ne M_{\text{loc}}(A)$. Read More

Let $K$ be a fixed field. We attach to each column-finite quiver $E$ a von Neumann regular $K$-algebra $Q(E)$ in a functorial way. The algebra $Q(E)$ is a universal localization of the usual path algebra $P(E)$ associated with $E$. Read More

We construct an AF-algebra $A$ such that its local multiplier algebra $M_{\text{loc}}(A)$ does not agree with $M_{\text{loc}}(M_{\text{loc}}(A))$, thus answering a question raised by G.K. Pedersen in 1978. Read More

We prove a new extension result for $QB-$rings that allows us to examine extensions of rings where the ideal is purely infinite and simple. We then use this result to explore various constructions that provide new examples of $QB-$rings. More concretely, we show that a surjective pullback of two $QB-$rings is usually again a $QB-$ring. Read More

Replacing invertibility with quasi-invertibility in Bass' first stable range condition we discover a new class of rings, the QB-rings. These constitute a considerable enlargement of the class of rings with stable rank one (B-rings), and include examples like the ring of endomorphisms of a vector space over a field F, and the ring of all row- and column- finite matrices over F. We show that the category of QB-rings is stable under the formation of corners, ideals and quotients, as well as matrices and direct limits. Read More