# Peng Ye

## Contact Details

NamePeng Ye |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesPhysics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (22) High Energy Physics - Theory (8) Quantum Physics (7) Physics - Superconductivity (5) Mathematical Physics (5) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (5) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (3) Physics - Materials Science (3) Computer Science - Computation and Language (2) Computer Science - Learning (2) Physics - Other (1) Statistics - Machine Learning (1) Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (1) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1) Physics - Optics (1) Physics - Plasma Physics (1) Mathematics - Spectral Theory (1) |

## Publications Authored By Peng Ye

Braiding statistics data of topological excitations (e.g., anyons) play the role of order parameters of the long-range entanglement. Read More

In this Letter, we propose a generalization of the celebrated $S$-duality of four-dimensional quantum electrodynamics ($\text{QED}_4$) to $\text{QED}_4$ with fractionally charged excitations, the fractional $S$-duality. Such $\text{QED}_4$ can be obtained by gauging the $U(1)$ symmetry of a topologically ordered state with fractional charges. When time-reversal symmetry is imposed, the $\theta$ angle can take a nontrivial but still time-reversal invariant value $\pi/t^2$ ($t\in\mathbb{Z}$) where $1/t$ specifies the minimal electric charge carried by bulk excitations. Read More

We calculate the topological part of the electromagnetic response of Bosonic Integer Quantum Hall (BIQH) phases in odd (spacetime) dimensions, and Bosonic Topological Insulator (BTI) and Bosonic chiral semi-metal (BCSM) phases in even dimensions. To do this we use the Nonlinear Sigma Model (NLSM) description of bosonic symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases, and the method of gauged Wess-Zumino (WZ) actions. We find the surprising result that for BIQH states in dimension $2m-1$ ($m=1,2,\dots$), the bulk response to an electromagnetic field $A_{\mu}$ is characterized by a Chern-Simons term for $A_{\mu}$ with a level quantized in integer multiples of $m!$ (factorial). Read More

In (3+1)D twisted gauge theories, global symmetry may be imposed on topological currents $\star\frac{1}{2\pi}db^I$ in a hydrodynamical way ($I=1,2,\cdots$, $\{b^I\}$ is a set of Kalb-Ramond gauge fields). This methodology has been applied before in the Chern-Simons theory of fractional quantum Hall liquids. We find that, in some twisted gauge theories (with discrete Abelian gauge group $G_g$), implementing a global symmetry (denoted by $G_s$) is always inconsistent. Read More

While two-dimensional symmetry-enriched topological phases ($\mathsf{SET}$s) have been studied intensively and systematically, three-dimensional ones are still open issues. We propose an algorithmic approach of imposing global symmetry $G_s$ on gauge theories (denoted by $\mathsf{GT}$) with gauge group $G_g$. The resulting symmetric gauge theories are dubbed "symmetry-enriched gauge theories" ($\mathsf{SEG}$), which may be served as low-energy effective theories of three-dimensional symmetric topological quantum spin liquids. Read More

We study the instabilities of a particle-hole symmetric Weyl metal with both electron and hole Fermi surfaces (FS) around the Weyl points. For a repulsive interaction, we find that the leading instability is towards a longitudinal spin-density-wave order (SDW$_z$). Besides, there exist three degenerate subleading instabilities: a charge-density-wave (CDW) instability and two transverse spin-density-wave (SDW$_{x,y}$) instabilities. Read More

The interaction of intense laser pulses with nano-scale particles leads to the production of high-energy electrons, ions, neutral atoms, neutrons and photons. Up to now, investigations have focused on near-infrared to X-ray laser pulses consisting of many optical cycles. Here we study strong-field ionization of rare-gas clusters ($10^3$ to $10^5$ atoms) using two-cycle 1. Read More

Topological phases of matter are usually realized in deconfined phases of gauge theories. In this context, confined phases with strongly fluctuating gauge fields seem to be irrelevant to the physics of topological phases. For example, the low-energy theory of the two-dimensional (2D) toric code model (i. Read More

Symmetry-protected topological phases (SPT) are short-range entangled gapped states protected by global symmetry. Nontrivial SPT phases cannot be adiabatically connected to the trivial disordered state(or atomic insulator) as long as certain global symmetry $G$ is unbroken. At low energies, most of two-dimensional SPTs with Abelian symmetry can be described by topological quantum field theory (TQFT) of multi-component Chern-Simons type. Read More

Quantum Entanglement plays an ubiquitous role in theoretical physics, from the characterization of novel phases of matter to understanding the efficacy of numerical algorithms. As such, there have been extensive studies on the entanglement spectrum (ES) of free-fermion systems, particularly in the relation between its spectral flow and topological charge pumping. However, far less has been studied about the \emph{spacing} between adjacent entanglement eigenenergies, which affects the truncation error in numerical computations involving Matrix Product States (MPS) or Projected Entangled-Pair States (PEPS). Read More

When digitizing a print bilingual dictionary, whether via optical character recognition or manual entry, it is inevitable that errors are introduced into the electronic version that is created. We investigate automating the process of detecting errors in an XML representation of a digitized print dictionary using a hybrid approach that combines rule-based, feature-based, and language model-based methods. We investigate combining methods and show that using random forests is a promising approach. Read More

Dictionaries are often developed using tools that save to Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based standards. These standards often allow high-level repeating elements to represent lexical entries, and utilize descendants of these repeating elements to represent the structure within each lexical entry, in the form of an XML tree. In many cases, dictionaries are published that have errors and inconsistencies that are expensive to find manually. Read More

Bosonic topological insulators (BTI) in three dimensions are symmetry-protected topological phases (SPT) protected by time-reversal and boson number conservation {symmetries}. BTI in three dimensions were first proposed and classified by the group cohomology theory which suggests two distinct root states, each carrying a $\mathbb{Z}_2$ index. Soon after, surface anomalous topological orders were proposed to identify different root states of BTI, which even leads to a new BTI root state beyond the group cohomology classification. Read More

Gutzwiller projection is a way to construct many-body wave functions that could carry topological order or symmetry protected topological (SPT) order. However, an important issue is to determine whether or not a given Gutzwiller-projected wave functions (GWF) carries a non-trivial SPT order, and which SPT order is carried by the wavefunction. In this paper, we numerically study the SPT order in a spin $S = 1$ GWF on the Kagome lattice. Read More

We propose an exact equivalence between the entanglement spectra of two completely different free-fermion systems at zero temperature. This equivalence follows from a position-momentum duality where the physical roles of the occupied band and real space projectors are exchanged. We examine the physical consequences of this duality in multi-band models, and as an example also physically motivate the equivalence of the entanglement spectrum of a real space partitioned two-band topological insulator with that of a bilayer Fermi gas with an interlayer partition. Read More

In this paper, we try to understand the pseudogap phenomenon observed in the cuprate superconductor through a model study. Specifically, we explore the so-called low-temperature pseudogap state by turning off the superconducting off diagonal long range order in an ansatz state for the $t$-$J$ model [New Journal of Physics {\bf 13}, 103039 (2011)]. Besides strong non-Gaussian superconducting fluctuations, the resulting state also exhibits a systematic pseudogap behavior in both spin and charge degrees of freedom, manifested in the uniform spin susceptibility, specific heat, non-Drude resistivity, Nernst effect, as well as the quantum oscillation associated with small Fermi pockets emerging in strong magnetic fields, etc. Read More

The antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chain of odd spin $S$ is in the Haldane phase with several defining physical properties, such as thermodynamical ground-state degeneracy, symmetry-protected edge states, and nonzero string order parameter. If nonzero hole concentration $\delta$ and hole hopping energy $t$ are considered, the spin chain is replaced by a spin-$S$ $t$-$J$ chain. The motivation of this paper is to generalize the discussions of the Haldane phase to the doped spin chain. Read More

A large class of symmetry-protected topological phases (SPT) in boson / spin systems have been recently predicted by the group cohomology theory. In this work, we consider SPT states at least with charge symmetry (U(1) or Z$_N$) or spin $S^z$ rotation symmetry (U(1) or Z$_N$) in 2D, 3D, and the surface of 3D. If both are U(1), we apply external electromagnetic field / `spin gauge field' to study the charge / spin response. Read More

Recently, there is a considerable study on gapped symmetric phases of bosons that do not break any symmetry. Even without symmetry breaking, the bosons can still be in many exotic new states of matter, such as symmetry-protected trivial (SPT) phases which are short-range entangled and symmetry-enriched topological (SET) phases which are long-range entangled. It is well-known that non-interacting fermionic topological insulators are SPT states protected by time-reversal symmetry and U(1) fermion number conservation symmetry. Read More

We propose a general approach to construct symmetry protected topological (SPT) states i.e the short-range entangled states with symmetry) in 2D spin/boson systems on lattice. In our approach, we fractionalize spins/bosons into different fermions, which occupy nontrivial Chern bands. Read More

We present a quantum field theoretic description on the t$-$J model on a square lattice with dilute holes (i.e. near half-filling), based on the compact mutual Chern-Simons gauge theory. Read More

Weyl fermions are two-component chiral fermions in (3+1)-dimensions. When coupled to a gauge field, the Weyl fermion is known to have an axial anomaly, which means the current conservation of the left-handed and right-handed Weyl fermions cannot be preserved separately. Recently, Weyl fermions have been proposed in condensed matter systems named as "Weyl semi-metals". Read More

In this work, we present a topological characterization of superconductivity in a prototype electron fractionalization model for doped Mott insulators. In this model, spinons and holons are coupled via the mutual Chern-Simons gauge fields. We obtain a low-lying effective description of the collective current fluctuations by integrating out the matter fields, which replaces the conventional Ginzburg-Landau action to describe the generalized rigidity of superconductivity. Read More

In the $t-J$ model, the electron fractionalization is unique due to the non-perturbative phase string effect. We formulated a lattice field theory taking this effect into full account. Basing on this field theory, we introduced a pair of Wilson loops which constitute a complete set of order parameters determining the phase diagram in the underdoped regime. Read More

It is generally accepted that doped Mott insulators can be well characterized by the t-J model. In the t-J model, the electron fractionalization is dictated by the phase string effect. We found that in the underdoped regime, the antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases are dual: in the former, holons are confined while spinons are deconfined, and {\it vice versa} in the latter. Read More