Pavel B. Sorokin - Rice University

Pavel B. Sorokin
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Pavel B. Sorokin
Rice University
United States

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Physics - Materials Science (15)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)

Publications Authored By Pavel B. Sorokin

Well-known effect of mechanical stiffness degradation under the influence of point defects in macroscopic solids can be controversially reversed in the case of low-dimensional materials. Using atomistic simulation, we showed here that a single-layered graphene film can be sufficiently stiffened by monovacancy defects at a tiny concentration. Our results correspond well with recent experimental data and suggest that the effect of mechanical stiffness augmentation is mainly originated from specific bonds distribution in the surrounded monovacancy defects regions. Read More

Results based on {\em ab initio} density functional calculations indicate a general graphitization tendency in ultrathin slabs of cubic diamond, boron nitride, and many other cubic structures including rocksalt. Whereas such compounds often show an energy preference for cubic rather than layered atomic arrangements in the bulk, the surface energy of layered systems is commonly lower than that of their cubic counterparts. We determine the critical slab thickness for a range of systems, below which a spontaneous conversion from a cubic to a layered graphitic structure occurs, driven by surface energy reduction in surface-dominated structures. Read More

The graphane with chemically bonded alkali metals (Li, Na, K) was considered as potential material for hydrogen storage. The ab initio calculations show that such material can adsorb as many as 4 hydrogen molecules per Li, Na and K metal atoms. These values correspond to 12. Read More

The impact of the edges and presence of dopants to the work function (WF) of graphene nanoribbons (GNR) and nanoflakes was studied by an ab initio approach. The strong dependence of the WF upon the GNR structure was found and a promising character for the field emission by the donor type impurities was observed. Basing on the predominant impact of the nanostructure edges to the emission properties, the small graphene flakes were investigated as a possible source for the electron emission. Read More

The atomic structure and physical properties of few-layered <111> oriented diamond nanocrystals (diamanes), covered by hydrogen atoms from both sides are studied using electronic band structure calculations. It was shown that energy stability linear increases upon increasing of the thickness of proposed structures. All 2D carbon films display direct dielectric band gaps with nonlinear quantum confinement response upon the thickness. Read More

Using ab initio methods we have investigated the fluorination of graphene and find that different stoichiometric phases can be formed without a nucleation barrier, with the complete "2D-Teflon" CF phase being thermodynamically most stable. The fluorinated graphene is an insulator and turns out to be a perfect matrix-host for patterning nanoroads and quantum dots of pristine graphene. The electronic and magnetic properties of the nanoroads can be tuned by varying the edge orientation and width. Read More

We consider a new C2H nanostructure based on bilayer graphene transformed under the covalent bond of hydrogen atoms adsorbed on its external surface, as well as compounds of carbon atoms located opposite each other in neighboring layers. They constitute a "film" of the <111> diamond with a thickness of less than 1 nm, which is called diamane. The energy characteristics and electron spectra of diamane, graphene, and diamond are calculated using the density functional theory and are compared with each other. Read More

Electronic band structure and energetic stability of two types of and oriented silicon nanowires in beta-Sn phase with the surface terminated by hydrogen atoms were studied using density functional theory. It was found that beta-Sn nanowires are metastable with zero band gap against to alpha-diamond nanowires. The relative energy of the studied wires tends to the energy of the bulk silicon crystal in beta-Sn phase. Read More

The atomic structure and elastic properties of Y-silicon nanowire junctions of fork- and bough-types were theoretically studied and effective Young modulus were calculated using the Tersoff interatomic potential. In the final stages of bending, new bonds between different parts of the Y-shaped wires are formed. It was found that the stiffness of the nanowires considered can be compared with the stiffness of carbon nanotube Y-junctions. Read More

The atomic structure and elastic properties of silicon carbide nanowires of different shapes and effective sizes were studied using density functional theory and classical molecular dynamics. The surface relaxation led to surface reconstruction with splitting of the wire geometry to hexagonal (surface) and cubic (bulk) phases. Theoretical calculations of effective Young's modulus and strain energies allowed us to explain the key experimental data of the SiC nanowires of different types. Read More

The atomic and electronic structure of a set of pristine single wall SiC nanotubes as well as Si-substituted carbon nanotubes and a SiC sheet was studied by the LDA plane wave band structure calculations. Consecutive substitution of carbon atoms by Si leads to a gap opening in the energetic spectrum of the metallic (8,8) SWCNT with approximately quadratic dependence of the band gap upon the Si concentration. The same substitution for the semiconductor (10,0) SWCNT results in a band gap minimum (0. Read More

Using empirical scheme, atomic structure of a new exotic class of silicon nanoclusters was elaborated upon the central icosahedral core (Si-IC) and pentagonal petals (Si-PP) growing from Si-IC vertexes. It was shown that Si-IC/Si-PP interface formation is energetically preferable. Some experimental observations of silicon nanostructures can be explained by presence of the proposed objects. Read More

The atomic and electronic structure of a set of proposed thin (1.6 nm in diameter) silicon/silica quantum nanodots and nanowires with narrow interface, as well as parent metastable silicon structures (1.2 nm in diameter), was studied in cluster and PBC approaches using B3LYP/6-31G* and PW PP LDA approximations. Read More

We propose a new variety of silicon quantum dots containing fullerene-derived hollows of nearly arbitrary symmetry. Conglomerate structures are designed by connecting the quantum dots through two kinds of junctions. The quantum confinement effect is investigated using semiempirical quantum-mechanical method. Read More

It is shown that lines of adsorbed hydrogen pair atoms divide the graphene sheet into strips and form hydrogen-based superlattice structures (2HG-SL). We show that the forming of 2HG-SL drastically changes the electronic properties of graphene from semimetal to semiconductor. The electronic spectra of "zigzag" (n,0) 2HG-SL is similar to that of (n,0) carbon nanotubes and have a similar oscillation of band gap with number n, but with non-zero minimal values. Read More