P. Zhu

P. Zhu
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Nuclear Experiment (9)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (7)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (7)
 
Physics - Materials Science (6)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (3)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Quantum Physics (3)
 
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (2)
 
Physics - Medical Physics (2)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (2)
 
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (2)
 
Computer Science - Learning (2)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (2)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
 
Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (1)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
 
Physics - Geophysics (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Statistics - Applications (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Physics - Space Physics (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computational Geometry (1)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)

Publications Authored By P. Zhu

Deep Reinforcement Learning (RL) recently emerged as one of the most competitive approaches for learning in sequential decision making problems with fully observable environments, e.g., computer Go. Read More

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. Read More

It is desirable to implement an efficient quantum information process demanding fewer quantum resources. We designed two compact quantum circuits for determinately implementing four-qubit Toffoli and Fredkin gates on single-photon systems in both the polarization and spatial degrees of freedom (DoFs) via diamond nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in resonators. The gates are heralded by the electron spins associated with the diamond NV centers. Read More

Nano-polycrystalline diamond (NPD) and nanotwinned diamond (NtD) were successfully synthesized in multi-anvil high pressure apparatus at high pressure and high temperature (HPHT) conditions using precursors of onion carbons. We found that the choices of distinct onion carbons with hollow or multi-cored microstructures lead to the synthesis of different diamond products of NPD or NtD ones. High quality NtD with an average twin size of 6. Read More

2017Feb
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 93The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 94The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 95The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 96The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 97The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 98The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We report the first longitudinal/transverse separation of the deeply virtual exclusive $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross section off the neutron and coherent deuteron. The corresponding four structure functions $d\sigma_L/dt$, $d\sigma_T/dt$, $d\sigma_{LT}/dt$ and $d\sigma_{TT}/dt$ are extracted as a function of the momentum transfer to the recoil system at $Q^2$=1.75 GeV$^2$ and $x_B$=0. Read More

The carrier emission efficiency of light emitting diodes is of fundamental importance for many technological applications, including the performance of GaN and other semiconductor photocathodes. We have measured the evolution of the emitted carriers and the associated transient electric field after femtosecond laser excitation of n-type GaN single crystals. These processes were studied using subpicosecond, ultrashort, electron pulses and explained by means of a three-layer analytical model. Read More

Toroidal flow alone is generally thought to have important influence on tokamak edge pedestal stability, even though theory analysis often predicts merely a weak stabilizing effect of toroidal flow on the edge localized modes (ELMs) in experimental parameter regimes. For the first time, we find from two-fluid MHD calculations that such a stabilization, however, can be significantly enhanced by increasing the edge plasma density. Our finding resolves a long-standing mystery whether or how toroidal rotation can indeed have effective influence on ELMs, and explains why the ELM mitigation and suppression by toroidal rotation are more favorably achieved in higher collisionality regime in recent experiments. Read More

One of the most important task in physics today is to merge quantum mechanics and general relativity into one framework. And the main barrier in this task is that we lack quantum gravitational phenomena in experiments. An important way to get quantum gravitational phenomena is to study quantum effects in a macro-scale system in which gravity will play a role. Read More

Modulating energy states of metallic glasses (MGs) is significant in understanding the nature of glasses and control their properties. In this study, we show that rejuvenation in enthalpy can be achieved and preserved in bulk MGs by using high pressure (HP) annealing, which is a controllable method to continuously alter the energy states of MGs. Contrary to the decrease in enthalpy by conventional annealing at ambient pressure, such rejuvenation can occur and be enhanced by increasing both of annealing temperature and pressure. Read More

We present deeply virtual $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross-section measurements at $x_B$=0.36 and three different $Q^2$--values ranging from 1.5 to 2 GeV$^2$, obtained from experiment E07-007 that ran in the Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Read More

We report for the first time the intrinsically three-dimensional (3D) geometry of the magnetic reconnection process induced by ballooning instability in a generalized Harris sheet. The spatial distribution and structure of the quasi-separatrix layers, as well as their temporal emergence and evolution, indicate that the associated magnetic reconnection can only occur in a 3D geometry, which is irreducible to that of any two-dimensional reconnection process. Such a finding provides a new perspective to the long-standing controversy over the substorm onset problem, and elucidates the combined roles of reconnection and ballooning instabilities. Read More

The stabilizing effects of enhanced edge resistivity on the low-n edge localized modes (ELMs) are reported for the first time in the context of ELM suppression in H-mode discharge due to Lithium-conditioning in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). Here n is the toroidal mode number. Linear stability analysis of the corresponding experimental equilibrium suggests that the change in the equilibrium plasma density profile alone due to Lithium-conditioning may be insufficient for a complete suppression of ELMs. Read More

The g2p/GEp experiments used a solid NH3 polarized target, where the polarization of the target is sensitive to temperature and radiation. The beam current was limited to 5-100 nA during the experiment to avoid too much depolarization of target (The typical Hall A running condition for beam current is 1 uA to 100 uA). The measured charge was further used to get the accurate physics cross sections. Read More

Corrugated structures have recently been widely used for manipulating electron beam longitudinal phase space and for producing THz radiation. Here we report on time-resolved measurements of the quadrupole wakefields in planar corrugated structures. It is shown that while the time- dependent quadrupole wakefield produced by a planar corrugated structure causes significant growth in beam transverse emittance, it can be effectively canceled with a second corrugated structure with orthogonal orientation. Read More

The absolute change in the Rayleigh quotient (RQ) for a Hermitian matrix with respect to vectors is bounded in terms of the norms of the residual vectors and the angle between vectors in [\doi{10.1137/120884468}]. We substitute multidimensional subspaces for the vectors and derive new bounds of absolute changes of eigenvalues of the matrix RQ in terms of singular values of residual matrices and principal angles between subspaces, using majorization. Read More

It is shown that, for a Hamiltonian with a band structure, the half width of local spectral density of states, or strength function, is closely related to the width of the nonperturbative (NPT) parts of energy eigenfunctions. In the Wigner-band random-matrix model, making use of a generalized Brillouin-Wigner perturbation theory, we derive analytical expressions for the width of the NPT parts under weak and strong perturbation. An iterative algorithm is given, by which the NPT widths can be computed efficiently, and is used in numerical test of the analytical predictions. Read More

2015Nov
Affiliations: 1Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Report of the experimental activities in Hall A at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility during 2013. Read More

Beam-line equipment was upgraded for experiment E08-027 (g2p) in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Two beam position monitors (BPMs) were necessary to measure the beam position and angle at the target. A new BPM receiver was designed and built to handle the low beam currents (50-100 nA) used for this experiment. Read More

Model Predictive Control (MPC) can efficiently control constrained systems in real-time applications. MPC feedback law for a linear system with linear inequality constraints can be explicitly computed off-line, which results in an off-line partition of the state space into non-overlapped convex regions, with affine control laws associated to each region of the partition. An actual implementation of this explicit MPC in low cost micro-controllers requires the data to be "quantized", i. Read More

We report on new p$(e,e^\prime p)\pi^\circ$ measurements at the $\Delta^{+}(1232)$ resonance at the low momentum transfer region. The mesonic cloud dynamics is predicted to be dominant and rapidly changing in this kinematic region offering a test bed for chiral effective field theory calculations. The new data explore the low $Q^2$ dependence of the resonant quadrupole amplitudes while extending the measurements of the Coulomb quadrupole amplitude to the lowest momentum transfer ever reached. Read More

Two-dimensional (2D) intrinsic ferromagnetic (FM) semiconductors are crucial to develop low-dimensional spintronic devices. Using density functional theory, we show that single-layer chromium trihalides (SLCTs) (CrX$_3$,X=F, Cl, Br and I) constitute a series of stable 2D intrinsic FM semiconductors. A free-standing SLCT can be easily exfoliated from the bulk crystal, due to a low cleavage energy and a high in-plane stiffness. Read More

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has been widely applied to measure bone mineral density (BMD) and soft-tissue composition of human body. However, the use of DEXA is greatly limited for low-Z materials such as soft tissues due to their weak absorption. While X-ray phase-contrast imaging (XPCI) shows significantly improved contrast in comparison with the conventional standard absorption-based X-ray imaging for soft tissues. Read More

High quality electron beams with flat distributions in both energy and current are critical for many accelerator-based scientific facilities such as free-electron lasers and MeV ultrafast electron diffraction and microscopes. In this Letter we report on using corrugated structures to compensate for the beam nonlinear energy chirp imprinted by the curvature of the radio-frequency field, leading to a significant reduction in beam energy spread. By using a pair of corrugated structures with orthogonal orientations, we show that the quadrupole wake fields which otherwise increase beam emittance can be effectively canceled. Read More

X-ray Talbot-Lau interferometer has been used widely to conduct phase contrast imaging with a conventional low-brilliance x-ray source. Typically, in this technique, background correction has to be performed in order to obtain the pure signal of the sample under inspection. In this study, we reported on a research on the background correction strategies within this technique, especially we introduced a new phase unwrapping solution for one conventional background correction method, the key point of this new solution is changing the initial phase of each pixel by a cyclic shift operation on the raw images collected in phase stepping scan. Read More

Although a lot of attentions have been paid to human mobility, the relationship between travel pattern with city structure is still unclear. Here we probe into this relationship by analyzing the metro passenger trip data.There are two unprecedented findings. Read More

With the acceptance of Western culture and science, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become a controversial issue in China. So, it's important to study the public's sentiment and opinion on TCM. The rapid development of online social network, such as twitter, make it convenient and efficient to sample hundreds of millions of people for the aforementioned sentiment study. Read More

The radiation and ionization energy loss are presented for single arm Monte Carlo simulation for the GDH sum rule experiment in Hall-A at Jefferson Lab. Radiation and ionization energy loss are discussed for $^{12}C$ elastic scattering simulation. The relative momentum ratio $\frac{\Delta p}{p}$ and $^{12}C$ elastic cross section are compared without and with Radiation Energy Loss and a reasonable shape is obtained by the simulation. Read More

An astatized symmetrical vertical pendulum is monitoring torque {\Gamma}(M) resulting of gravitational attractions exerted by two external masses M moving up down. Local gravity field g produce the main pendulum restoring torque combined with a very weak variable torque {\Gamma}(c) induced by rotation of watch needles fixed to the pendulum. Transfer of fundamental units to calibrate the {\Gamma}(c) torques is obtained by a reference torque {\Gamma}({\mu}) resulting of precise displacements of a well known mass {\mu}. Read More

This experiment tested an automatically calibrate the relatively gravimeter with an absolute inertial force. The whole calibration system was controlled by microprocessor and low frequency oscillations were generated by a step motor. It could produce different period low frequency sinusoid inertial force. Read More

Transient surface electric fields induced by femtosecond laser irradiation of an aluminum film were investigated directly by ultrashort electron pulses. At pump intensities of 2.9~7. Read More

We show that every graph has an induced pseudoforest of at least $n-m/4.5$ vertices, an induced partial 2-tree of at least $n-m/5$ vertices, and an induced planar subgraph of at least $n-m/5.2174$ vertices. Read More

Fifth generation (5G) wireless networks are expected to support very diverse applications and terminals. Massive connectivity with a large number of devices is an important requirement for 5G networks. Current LTE system is not able to efficiently support massive connectivity, especially on the uplink (UL). Read More

In order to monitor the hydrological strain forces of the karst micro fissure networks and local fault activities, six capacitive extensometers were installed inside a karstic cave near the midi-fault in Belgium. From 2004 to 2008, the nearby Lomme River experienced several heavy rains, leading to flooding inside the Rochefort cave. The highest water level rose more than thirteen meters, the karstic fissure networks were filled with water, which altered the pore pressure of the cave. Read More

Linear systems with multiple right-hand sides arise in many applications. To solve such systems efficiently, a new deflated block GCROT($m,k$) method is explored in this paper by exploiting a modified block Arnoldi deflation. This deflation strategy has been shown to have the potential to improve the original deflation which indicates an explicit block size reduction. Read More

The ultrafast structure dynamics and surface transient electric field, which are concurrently induced by laser excited electrons of an aluminum nanofilm, have been investigated simultaneously by the same transmission electron diffraction patterns. These two processes are found to be significantly different and distinguishable by tracing the time dependent changes of electron diffraction and deflection angles, respectively. This study also provides a practical means to evaluate simultaneously the effect of transient electric field during the study of structural dynamics under low pump fluence by transmission ultrafast electron diffraction. Read More

Many problems in science and engineering fields require the solution of shifted linear systems. To solve such systems efficiently, the recycling BiCG (RBiCG) algorithm in [SIAM J. SCI. Read More

2014Jan

We studied simultaneously the 4He(e,e'p), 4He(e,e'pp), and 4He(e,e'pn) reactions at Q^2=2 [GeV/c]2 and x_B>1, for a (e,e'p) missing-momentum range of 400 to 830 MeV/c. The knocked-out proton was detected in coincidence with a proton or neutron recoiling almost back to back to the missing momentum, leaving the residual A=2 system at low excitation energy. These data were used to identify two-nucleon short-range correlated pairs and to deduce their isospin structure as a function of missing momentum in a region where the nucleon-nucleon force is expected to change from predominantly tensor to repulsive. Read More

X-ray computed tomography at the nanometer scale (nano-CT) offers a wide range of applications in scientific and industrial areas. Here we describe a reliable, user-friendly and fast software package based on LabVIEW that may allow to perform all procedures after the acquisition of raw projection images in order to obtain the inner structure of the investigated sample. A suitable image alignment process to address misalignment problems among image series due to mechanical manufacturing errors, thermal expansion and other external factors has been considered together with a novel fast parallel beam 3D reconstruction procedure, developed ad hoc to perform the tomographic reconstruction. Read More

With the rapid development of digital imaging and communication technologies, image set based face recognition (ISFR) is becoming increasingly important. One key issue of ISFR is how to effectively and efficiently represent the query face image set by using the gallery face image sets. The set-to-set distance based methods ignore the relationship between gallery sets, while representing the query set images individually over the gallery sets ignores the correlation between query set images. Read More

In this paper, we investigate the relationship between J-anti-invariant cohomology of a closed symplectic 4-manifold introduced by T.-J. Li and W. Read More

This study is mainly focused on iterative solutions to shifted linear systems arising from a Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) problem. To solve such system efficiently, we explore a kind of shifted QMRCGstab (SQMRCGstab) methods, which is derived by extending the quasi-minimum residual to the shifted BiCGstab. The shifted QMRCGstab method takes advantage of the shifted structure, so that the number of matrix-vector products and the number of inner products are the same as a single linear system. Read More

We report the experimental demonstration of femtosecond electron diffraction using high-brightness MeV electron beams. High-quality, single-shot electron diffraction patterns for both polycrystalline aluminum and single-crystal 1T-TaS2 are obtained utilizing a 5 femto-Coulomb (~3x10^4 electrons) pulse of electrons at 2.8 MeV. Read More

This letter is a response to the comments of Serang (2012) on Huang and He (2012) in Bioinformatics. Serang (2012) claimed that the parameters for the Fido algorithm should be specified using the grid search method in Serang et al. (2010) so as to generate a deserved accuracy in performance comparison. Read More

Motivation: In mass spectrometry-based shotgun proteomics, protein quantification and protein identification are two major computational problems. To quantify the protein abundance, a list of proteins must be firstly inferred from the sample. Then the relative or absolute protein abundance is estimated with quantification methods, such as spectral counting. Read More

Principal angles between subspaces (PABS) (also called canonical angles) serve as a classical tool in mathematics, statistics, and applications, e.g., data mining. Read More

2012Aug
Authors: The HAPPEX, PREX Collaborations, :, S. Abrahamyan, A. Acha, A. Afanasev, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, W. Armstrong, J. Arrington, T. Averett, B. Babineau, S. L. Bailey, J. Barber, A. Barbieri, A. Beck, V. Bellini, R. Beminiwattha, H. Benaoum, J. Benesch, F. Benmokhtar, P. Bertin, T. Bielarski, W. Boeglin, P. Bosted, F. Butaru, E. Burtin, J. Cahoon, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, P. Carter, C. C. Chang, G. D. Cates, Y. C. Chao, C. Chen, J. P. Chen, Seonho Choi, E. Chudakov, E. Cisbani, B. Craver, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, R. De Leo, K. de Jager, W. Deconinck, P. Decowski, D. Deepa, X. Deng, A. Deur, D. Dutta, A. Etile, C. Ferdi, R. J. Feuerbach, J. M. Finn, D. Flay, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, S. Frullani, E. Fuchey, S. A. Fuchs, K. Fuoti, F. Garibaldi, E. Gasser, R. Gilman, A. Giusa, A. Glamazdin, L. E. Glesener, J. Gomez, M. Gorchtein, J. Grames, K. Grimm, C. Gu, O. Hansen, J. Hansknecht, O. Hen, D. W. Higinbotham, R. S. Holmes, T. Holmstrom, C. J. Horowitz, J. Hoskins, J. Huang, T. B. Humensky, C. E. Hyde, H. Ibrahim, F. Itard, C. M. Jen, E. Jensen, X. Jiang, G. Jin, S. Johnston, J. Katich, L. J. Kaufman, A. Kelleher, K. Kliakhandler, P. M. King, A. Kolarkar, S. Kowalski, E. Kuchina, K. S. Kumar, L. Lagamba, D. Lambert, P. LaViolette, J. Leacock, J. Leckey IV, J. H. Lee, J. J. LeRose, D. Lhuillier, R. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, N. Lubinsky, J. Mammei, F. Mammoliti, D. J. Margaziotis, P. Markowitz, M. Mazouz, K. McCormick, A. McCreary, D. McNulty, D. G. Meekins, L. Mercado, Z. E. Meziani, R. W. Michaels, M. Mihovilovic, B. Moffit, P. Monaghan, N. Muangma, C. Munoz-Camacho, S. Nanda, V. Nelyubin, D. Neyret, Nuruzzaman, Y. Oh, K. Otis, A. Palmer, D. Parno, K. D. Paschke, S. K. Phillips, M. Poelker, R. Pomatsalyuk, M. Posik, M. Potokar, K. Prok, A. J. R. Puckett, X. Qian, Y. Qiang, B. Quinn, A. Rakhman, P. E. Reimer, B. Reitz, S. Riordan, J. Roche, P. Rogan, G. Ron, G. Russo, K. Saenboonruang, A. Saha, B. Sawatzky, A. Shahinyan, R. Silwal, J. Singh, S. Sirca, K. Slifer, R. Snyder, P. Solvignon, P. A. Souder, M. L. Sperduto, R. Subedi, M. L. Stutzman, R. Suleiman, V. Sulkosky, C. M. Sutera, W. A. Tobias, W. Troth, G. M. Urciuoli, P. Ulmer, A. Vacheret, E. Voutier, B. Waidyawansa, D. Wang, K. Wang, J. Wexler, A. Whitbeck, R. Wilson, B. Wojtsekhowski, X. Yan, H. Yao, Y. Ye, Z. Ye, V. Yim, L. Zana, X. Zhan, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, X. Zheng, V. Ziskin, P. Zhu

We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry $A_n$ in the elastic scattering of 1-3 GeV transversely polarized electrons from $^1$H and for the first time from $^4$He, $^{12}$C, and $^{208}$Pb. For $^1$H, $^4$He and $^{12}$C, the measurements are in agreement with calculations that relate $A_n$ to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange amplitude including inelastic intermediate states. Surprisingly, the $^{208}$Pb result is significantly smaller than the corresponding prediction using the same formalism. Read More

Molecular dynamics simulations are obtained and analyzed to study pairing of 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium and tetrafluoroborate ions in n-pentanol, in particular by evaluating the potential-of-mean-force between counter ions. The present molecular model and simulation accurately predicts the dissociation constant Kd in comparison to experiment, and thus the behavior and magnitudes for the ion-pair pmf at molecular distances, even though the dielectric constant of the simulated solvent differs from the experimental value by about 30%. A naive dielectric model does not capture molecule structural effects such as multiple conformations and binding geometries of the Hmim+ and BF4- ion-pairs. Read More

The absolute change in the Rayleigh quotient (RQ) is bounded in this paper in terms of the norm of the residual and the change in the vector. If $x$ is an eigenvector of a self-adjoint bounded operator $A$ in a Hilbert space, then the RQ of the vector $x$, denoted by $\rho(x)$, is an exact eigenvalue of $A$. In this case, the absolute change of the RQ $|\rho(x)-\rho(y)|$ becomes the absolute error in an eigenvalue $\rho(x)$ of $A$ approximated by the RQ $\rho(y)$ on a given vector $y. Read More

Soft sets, as a mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty, have recently gained considerable attention, including some successful applications in information processing, decision, demand analysis, and forecasting. To construct new soft sets from given soft sets, some operations on soft sets have been proposed. Unfortunately, such operations cannot keep all classical set-theoretic laws true for soft sets. Read More

2012Jan
Authors: S. Abrahamyan, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, W. Armstrong, T. Averett, B. Babineau, A. Barbieri, V. Bellini, R. Beminiwattha, J. Benesch, F. Benmokhtar, T. Bielarski, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, P. Carter, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, O. Hen, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, R. De Leo, K. de Jager, W. Deconinck, P. Decowski, X. Deng, A. Deur, D. Dutta, A. Etile, D. Flay, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, S. Frullani, E. Fuchey, F. Garibaldi, E. Gasser, R. Gilman, A. Giusa, A. Glamazdin, J. Gomez, J. Grames, C. Gu, O. Hansen, J. Hansknecht, D. W. Higinbotham, R. S. Holmes, T. Holmstrom, C. J. Horowitz, J. Hoskins, J. Huang, C. E. Hyde, F. Itard, C. -M. Jen, E. Jensen, G. Jin, S. Johnston, A. Kelleher, K. Kliakhandler, P. M. King, S. Kowalski, K. S. Kumar, J. Leacock, J. Leckey IV, J. H. Lee, J. J. LeRose, R. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, N. Lubinsky, J. Mammei, F. Mammoliti, D. J. Margaziotis, P. Markowitz, A. McCreary, D. McNulty, L. Mercado, Z. -E. Meziani, R. W. Michaels, M. Mihovilovic, N. Muangma, C. Muñoz-Camacho, S. Nanda, V. Nelyubin, N. Nuruzzaman, Y. Oh, A. Palmer, D. Parno, K. D. Paschke, S. K. Phillips, B. Poelker, R. Pomatsalyuk, M. Posik, A. J. R. Puckett, B. Quinn, A. Rakhman, P. E. Reimer, S. Riordan, P. Rogan, G. Ron, G. Russo, K. Saenboonruang, A. Saha, B. Sawatzky, A. Shahinyan, R. Silwal, S. Sirca, K. Slifer, P. Solvignon, P. A. Souder, M. L. Sperduto, R. Subedi, R. Suleiman, V. Sulkosky, C. M. Sutera, W. A. Tobias, W. Troth, G. M. Urciuoli, B. Waidyawansa, D. Wang, J. Wexler, R. Wilson, B. Wojtsekhowski, X. Yan, H. Yao, Y. Ye, Z. Ye, V. Yim, L. Zana, X. Zhan, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, X. Zheng, P. Zhu

We report the first measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry A_PV in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from 208Pb. A_PV is sensitive to the radius of the neutron distribution (Rn). The result A_PV = 0. Read More