P. Thakur - P.G.Department of Studies and Research in History and Archaeology, Tumkur University, Tumkur

P. Thakur
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P. Thakur
P.G.Department of Studies and Research in History and Archaeology, Tumkur University, Tumkur

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (8)
Physics - Materials Science (6)
Astrophysics (5)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (5)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
Physics - Popular Physics (1)
Computer Science - Databases (1)
Physics - History of Physics (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By P. Thakur

Data Mining is the process of examining the information from different point of view and compressing it for the relevant data. This data can also be utilized to build the incomes. Data Mining is also known as Data or Knowledge Discovery. Read More

We report on the magnetic properties of Fe and Co adatoms on a Cu$_{2}$N/Cu(100)-$c(2 \times 2)$ surface investigated by x-ray magnetic dichroism measurements and density functional theory (DFT) calculations including the local coulomb interaction. We compare these results with properties formerly deduced from STM spin excitation spectroscopy (SES) performed on the individual adatoms. In particular we focus on the values of the local magnetic moments determined by XMCD compared to the expectation values derived from the description of the SES data. Read More

We study cosmological models with modified Chaplygin gas (in short, MCG) to determine observational constraints on its EoS parameters. The observational data of the background and the growth tests are employed. The background test data namely, H(z)-z data, CMB shift parameter, Baryonic acoustic oscillations (BAO) peak parameter, SN Ia data are considered to study the dynamical aspects of the universe. Read More

We investigate emergent universe model using recent observational data for the background tests as well as for the growth tests. The background test data comprises of Hubble data, Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) data, cosmic microwave background (CMB) shift data, Union compilation data. The observational growth data are obtained from Wiggle-Z measurements and rms mass fluctuations data from Lyman-$\alpha$ measurements at different red shifts. Read More

Five newly observed transit light curves of the TrES-3 planetary system are presented. Together with other light curve data from literature, 23 transit light curves in total, which cover an overall timescale of 911 epochs, have been analyzed through a standard procedure. From these observational data, the system's orbital parameters are determined and possible transit timing variations are investigated. Read More

Through the international collaborators, we recently established a network of existing and working meter-class telescopes to look for planetary transit events. As a first step, we focus on the TrES3 system, and conclude that there could be some level of transit timing variations. Read More

We investigate the linear growth function for the large scale structures of the universe considering modified Chaplygin gas as dark energy. Taking into account observational growth data for a given range of redshift from the Wiggle-Z measurements and rms mass fluctuations from Ly-$\alpha$ measurements we numerically analyze cosmological models to constrain the parameters of the MCG. The observational data of Hubble parameter with redshift ($Z$) is also considered. Read More

We investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of single Fe, Co, and Ni atoms and clusters on monolayer graphene (MLG) on SiC(0001) by means of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), x-ray absorption spectroscopy, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and ab initio calculations. STM reveals different adsorption sites for Ni and Co adatoms. XMCD proves Fe and Co adatoms to be paramagnetic and to exhibit an out-of-plane easy axis in agreement with theory. Read More

The design of large-scale electronic circuits that are entirely spintronics-driven requires a current source that is highly spin-polarised at and beyond room temperature, cheap to build, efficient at the nanoscale and straightforward to integrate with semiconductors. Yet despite research within several subfields spanning nearly two decades, this key building block is still lacking. We experimentally and theoretically show how the interface between Co and phthalocyanine molecules constitutes a promising candidate. Read More

We present Cosmological models with modified Chaplygin gas (MCG) in the framework of Horava-Lifshitz (HL) theory of gravity both with and without detailed balance. The equation of state (EOS) for a MCG contains three unknown parameters namely, $A$, $\alpha$, $B$. The allowed values of some of these parameters of the EOS are determined using the recent astrophysical and cosmological observational data. Read More

Affiliations: 1Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, 2P.G.Department of Studies and Research in History and Archaeology, Tumkur University, Tumkur, 3Deccan College Post Graduate Research Institute, Pune

The stone alignment 'Nilurallu' at Murardoddi is a megalithic monument containing standing stones of 12 to 16 feet high that are arranged somewhat in a squarish pattern. This is one of the stone alignments listed by Allchin (1956) as a non-sepulchal array that might have some astronomical connotations. This impressive stone alignment seems to be similar to that at Vibhuthihalli, that was studied earlier, but constructed with much larger stones. Read More

The effects of 200-MeV Ag^{+15} ion irradiation on the optical properties of TiO_{2} and SnO_{2} thin films prepared by using the RF magnetron sputtering technique were investigated. These films were characterized by using UV-vis spectroscopy, and with increasing irradiation fluence, the transmittance for the TiO_{2} films was observed to increase systematically while that for SnO_{2} was observed to decrease. Absorption spectra of the irradiated samples showed minor changes in the indirect bandgap from 3. Read More

Carbon nanotubes are a fraction of the size of transistors used in today's best microchips, as it could reduce power demands and heating in next electronics revolution. Present study investigates the electronic and magnetic structure of multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) synthesized by chemical vapor deposition technique using near edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS) measurement at C K-edge and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at Co and Fe $L_{3,2}$ -edges. NEXAFS at C K-edge shows significant $\pi$-bonding, and Fe(Co) L-edge proves the presence of Co$^{2+}$ and Fe$^{2+}$ in octahedral symmetry, and embedded in C-matrix of MWCNT. Read More

Polarization dependent vanadium L edge X-ray absorption spectra of BaVS$_3$ single crystals are measured in the four phases of the compound. The difference between signals with the polarization \textbf{E}$\perp$\textbf{c} and \textbf{E}$\parallel$\textbf{c} (linear dichroism) changes with temperature. Besides increasing intensity of one of the maxima, a new structure appears in the pre-edge region below the metal-insulator transition. Read More

A class of Emergent Universe (EU) model is studied in the light of recent observational data. Significant constraints on model parameters are obtained from the observational data. Density parameter for a class of model is evaluated. Read More

A specific class of flat Emergent Universe (EU) is considered and its viability is tested in view of the recent observations. Model parameters are constrained from Stern data for Hubble Parameter and Redshift ($H(z)$ vs. $z$) and from a model independent measurement of BAO peak parameter. Read More

We report on the exchange biasing of self-assembled ferromagnetic GeMn nanocolumns by GeMn-oxide caps. The x-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis of this surface oxide shows a multiplet fine structure that is typical of the Mn2+ valence state in MnO. A magnetization hysteresis shift |HE|~100 Oe and a coercivity enhancement of about 70 Oe have been obtained upon cooling (300-5 K) in a magnetic field as low as 0. Read More


We study a composition of normal and exotic matter which is required for a flat Emergent Universe scenario permitted by the equation of state (EOS)($p=A\rho-B\rho^{1/2}$) and predict the range of the permissible values for the parameters $A$ and $B$ to explore a physically viable cosmological model. The permitted values of the parameters are determined taking into account the $H(z)-z$ data obtained from observations, a model independent BAO peak parameter and CMB shift parameter (WMAP7 data). It is found that although $A$ can be very close to zero, most of the observations favours a small and negative $A$. Read More

The magnetic and electronic modifications induced at the interfaces in (SrMnO$_{3}$)$_{n}$/(LaMnO$_{3}$)$_{2n}$ superlattices have been investigated by linear and circular magnetic dichroism in the Mn L$_{2,3}$ x-ray absorption spectra. Together with theoretical calculations, our data demonstrate that the charge redistribution across interfaces favors in-plane ferromagnetic (FM) order and $e_{g}(x^{2}-y^{2})$ orbital occupation, in agreement with the average strain. Far from interfaces, inside LaMnO$_3$, electron localization and local strain favor antiferromagnetism (AFM) and $e_{g}(3z^{2}-r^{2})$ orbital occupation. Read More

Affiliations: 1Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, 2Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, 3Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, 4Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore

C. Ragoonatha Chary, the first assistant at Madras Observatory during 1864 to 1880 was not only a celebrated observational astronomer but also a person who emphasized the need for incorporating modern observations based improvements into the traditional methods of astronomical calculations. He was one of the first few people who argued for establishment of independent modern Indian observatory for education and training. Read More

We study Modified Chaplygin Gas (MCG) as a candidate for dark energy and predict the values of parameters of the gas for a physically viable cosmological model. The equation of state of MCG ($p=B \rho - \frac {A}{\rho^\alpha} $) involves three parameters: $B$, $A$ and $\alpha$. The permitted values of these parameters are determined with the help of dimensionless age parameter ($H_{o}t_{o}$) and $H(z)-z$ Data. Read More

We have performed smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations to study the response of the central kiloparsec region of a gaseous disk to the imposition of nonaxisymmetric bar potentials. The model galaxies are composed of the three axisymmetric components (halo, disk, and bulge) and a non-axisymmetric bar. These components are assumed to be invariant in time in the frame corotating with the bar. Read More

We study the correspondence between field theoretic and holographic dark energy density of the universe with the modified Chaplygin gas (MCG) respectively both in a flat and non-flat FRW universe. We present an equivalent representation of the MCG with a homogeneous minimally coupled scalar field by constructing the corresponding potential. A new scalar field potential is obtained here which is physically realistic and important for cosmological model building. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physics and Institute of Astronomy, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, 2Department of Physics and Institute of Astronomy, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, 3Division of Science Education, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea, 4School of Studies in Physics, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India, 5Division of Science Education, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
Category: Astrophysics

We use the usual method of Schwarzschild to construct self-consistent solutions for the triaxial de Zeeuw & Carollo (1996) models with central density cusps. ZC96 models are triaxial generalisations of spherical $\gamma$-models of Dehnen whose densities vary as $r^{-\gamma}$ near the center and $r^{-4}$ at large radii and hence, possess a central density core for $\gamma=0$ and cusps for $\gamma > 0$. We consider four triaxial models from ZC96, two prolate triaxials: $(p, q) = (0. Read More

We present a holographic dark energy model of the universe considering modified generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG). The modified GCG behaves as an ordinary barotropic fluid in the early epoch when the universe was tiny but behaves subsequently as a $\Lambda$CDM model at late epoch. An equivalent model with scalar field is obtained here by constructing the corresponding potential. Read More

The projected properties of triaxial generalization of the modified Hubble mass models are studied. These models are constructed by adding the additional radial functions, each multiplied by a low-order spherical harmonic, to the models of \citet{ct00}. The projected surface density of mass models can be calculated analytically which allows us to derive the analytic expressions of axial ratio and position angles of major axis of constant density elliptical contours at asymptotic radii. Read More

We have performed smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations for the response of the gaseous disk to the imposed moderately strong non-axisymmetric potentials. The model galaxies are composed of the three stellar components (disk, bulge and bar) and two dark ones (supermassive black hole and halo) whose gravitational potentials are assumed to be invariant in time in the frame corotating with the bar. We found that the torques alone generated by the moderately strong bar that gives the maximum of tangential-to-radial force ratio as $(F_{Tan}/F_{Rad})_{max}= 0. Read More

Affiliations: 1Pusan National University, Korea, 2Pusan National University, Korea
Category: Astrophysics

We have performed SPH simulations for the response of the gaseous disks to the imposed potentials including those from bars and SMBHs. Evolution of the nuclear regions of gaseous disks depends critically on the masses of SMBHs as well as the sound speeds in the gas. Read More

Affiliations: 1S N Bose National Center For Basic Sciences, Calcutta, 2S N Bose National Center For Basic Sciences, Calcutta

Electron localization property of a random chain changing under the influence of a constant electric field has been studied. We have adopted the multifractal scaling formalism to explore the possible localization behavior in the system. We observe that the possible localization behavior with the increase of electric field is not systematic and shows strong instabilities associated with the local probability variation over the length of the chain. Read More

Affiliations: 1S.N Bose National Centre, Salt Lake City, Calcutta, India, 2S.N Bose National Centre, Salt Lake City, Calcutta, India

We present here a detailed multifractal scaling study for the electronic transmission resonances with the system size for an infinitely large one dimensional perfect and imperfect quasiperiodic system represented by a sequence of $\delta$-function potentials. The electronic transmission resonances in the energy minibands manifest more and more fragmented nature of the transmittance with the change of system sizes. We claim that when a small perturbation is randomly present at a few number of sites, the nature of electronic states will change and this can be understood by studying the electronic transmittance with the change of system size. Read More