P. S. Barbeau - CoGeNT collaboration

P. S. Barbeau
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P. S. Barbeau
CoGeNT collaboration

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Nuclear Experiment (30)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (29)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (28)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (8)
Astrophysics (6)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (6)
Physics - Atomic Physics (2)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)

Publications Authored By P. S. Barbeau

Searches for double beta decay of $^{134}\text{Xe}$ were performed with EXO-200, a single-phase liquid xenon detector designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{136}\text{Xe}$. Using an exposure of $29.6\text{ kg}\!\cdot\!\text{yr}$, the lower limits of $\text{T}_{1/2}^{2\nu\beta\!\beta}>8. Read More

We report results from a systematic measurement campaign conducted to identify low radioactivity materials for the construction of the EXO-200 double beta decay experiment. Partial results from this campaign have already been reported in a 2008 paper by the EXO collaboration. Here we release the remaining data, collected since 2007, to the public. Read More

The EXO-200 Collaboration is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay using a liquid xenon (LXe) time projection chamber. This measurement relies on modeling the transport of charge deposits produced by interactions in the LXe to allow discrimination between signal and background events. Here we present measurements of the transverse diffusion constant and drift velocity of electrons at drift fields between 20~V/cm and 615~V/cm using EXO-200 data. Read More

The energy resolution of the EXO-200 detector is limited by electronics noise in the measurement of the scintillation response. Here we present a new technique to extract optimal scintillation energy measurements for signals split across multiple channels in the presence of correlated noise. The implementation of these techniques improves the energy resolution of the detector at the neutrinoless double beta decay Q-value from $\left[1. Read More

A search for Lorentz- and CPT-violating signals in the double beta decay spectrum of $^{136}$Xe has been performed using an exposure of 100 kg$\cdot$yr with the EXO-200 detector. No significant evidence of the spectral modification due to isotropic Lorentz-violation was found, and a two-sided limit of $-2.65 \times 10^{-5 } \; \textrm{GeV} < \mathring{a}^{(3)}_{\text{of}} < 7. Read More

As neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments become more sensitive and intrinsic radioactivity in detector materials is reduced, previously minor contributions to the background must be understood and eliminated. With this in mind, cosmogenic backgrounds have been studied with the EXO-200 experiment. Using the EXO-200 TPC, the muon flux (through a flat horizontal surface) underground at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has been measured to be {\Phi} = 4. Read More

EXO-200 is a single phase liquid xenon detector designed to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{136}$Xe to the ground state of $^{136}$Ba. We report here on a search for the two-neutrino double-beta decay of $^{136}$Xe to the first $0^+$ excited state, $0^+_1$, of $^{136}$Ba based on a 100 kg$\cdot$yr exposure of $^{136}$Xe. Using a specialized analysis employing a machine learning algorithm, we obtain a 90% CL half-life sensitivity of $1. Read More

The COHERENT collaboration's primary objective is to measure coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) using the unique, high-quality source of tens-of-MeV neutrinos provided by the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In spite of its large cross section, the CEvNS process has never been observed, due to tiny energies of the resulting nuclear recoils which are out of reach for standard neutrino detectors. The measurement of CEvNS has now become feasible, thanks to the development of ultra-sensitive technology for rare decay and weakly-interacting massive particle (dark matter) searches. Read More

Alpha decays in the EXO-200 detector are used to measure the fraction of charged $^{218}\mathrm{Po}$ and $^{214}\mathrm{Bi}$ daughters created from alpha and beta decays, respectively. $^{222}\mathrm{Rn}$ alpha decays in liquid xenon (LXe) are found to produce $^{218}\mathrm{Po}^{+}$ ions $50.3 \pm 3. Read More

Authors: C. Adams, J. R. Alonso, A. M. Ankowski, J. A. Asaadi, J. Ashenfelter, S. N. Axani, K. Babu, C. Backhouse, H. R. Band, P. S. Barbeau, N. Barros, A. Bernstein, M. Betancourt, M. Bishai, E. Blucher, J. Bouffard, N. Bowden, S. Brice, C. Bryan, L. Camilleri, J. Cao, J. Carlson, R. E. Carr, A. Chatterjee, M. Chen, S. Chen, M. Chiu, E. D. Church, J. I. Collar, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. R. Convery, R. L. Cooper, D. Cowen, H. Davoudiasl, A. De Gouvea, D. J. Dean, G. Deichert, F. Descamps, T. DeYoung, M. V. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, M. J. Dolinski, J. Dolph, B. Donnelly, D. A. Dwyer, S. Dytman, Y. Efremenko, L. L. Everett, A. Fava, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, B. Fleming, A. Friedland, B. K. Fujikawa, T. K. Gaisser, M. Galeazzi, D. C. Galehouse, A. Galindo-Uribarri, G. T. Garvey, S. Gautam, K. E. Gilje, M. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. C. Goodman, H. Gordon, E. Gramellini, M. P. Green, A. Guglielmi, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, F. Halzen, K. Han, S. Hans, D. Harris, K. M. Heeger, M. Herman, R. Hill, A. Holin, P. Huber, D. E. Jaffe, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, G. Karagiorgi, L. J. Kaufman, B. Kayser, S. H. Kettell, B. J. Kirby, J. R. Klein, Yu. G. Kolomensky, R. M. Kriske, C. E. Lane, T. J. Langford, A. Lankford, K. Lau, J. G. Learned, J. Ling, J. M. Link, D. Lissauer, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, M. Lokajicek, W. C. Louis, K. Luk, J. Lykken, W. J. Marciano, J. Maricic, D. M. Markoff, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, C. Mauger, K. Mavrokoridis, E. McCluskey, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, G. Mills, I. Mocioiu, B. Monreal, M. R. Mooney, J. G. Morfin, P. Mumm, J. Napolitano, R. Neilson, J. K. Nelson, M. Nessi, D. Norcini, F. Nova, D. R. Nygren, G. D. Orebi Gann, O. Palamara, Z. Parsa, R. Patterson, P. Paul, A. Pocar, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, R. Rameika, G. Ranucci, H. Ray, D. Reyna, G. C. Rich, P. Rodrigues, E. Romero Romero, R. Rosero, S. D. Rountree, B. Rybolt, M. C. Sanchez, G. Santucci, D. Schmitz, K. Scholberg, D. Seckel, M. Shaevitz, R. Shrock, M. B. Smy, M. Soderberg, A. Sonzogni, A. B. Sousa, J. Spitz, J. M. St. John, J. Stewart, J. B. Strait, G. Sullivan, R. Svoboda, A. M. Szelc, R. Tayloe, M. A. Thomson, M. Toups, A. Vacheret, M. Vagins, R. G. Van de Water, R. B. Vogelaar, M. Weber, W. Weng, M. Wetstein, C. White, B. R. White, L. Whitehead, D. W. Whittington, M. J. Wilking, R. J. Wilson, P. Wilson, D. Winklehner, D. R. Winn, E. Worcester, L. Yang, M. Yeh, Z. W. Yokley, J. Yoo, B. Yu, J. Yu, C. Zhang

The US neutrino community gathered at the Workshop on the Intermediate Neutrino Program (WINP) at Brookhaven National Laboratory February 4-6, 2015 to explore opportunities in neutrino physics over the next five to ten years. Scientists from particle, astroparticle and nuclear physics participated in the workshop. The workshop examined promising opportunities for neutrino physics in the intermediate term, including possible new small to mid-scale experiments, US contributions to large experiments, upgrades to existing experiments, R&D plans and theory. Read More

The search for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0{\nu}{\beta}{\beta}) requires extremely low background and a good understanding of their sources and their influence on the rate in the region of parameter space relevant to the 0{\nu}{\beta}{\beta} signal. We report on studies of various {\beta}- and {\gamma}-backgrounds in the liquid- xenon-based EXO-200 0{\nu}{\beta}{\beta} experiment. With this work we try to better understand the location and strength of specific background sources and compare the conclusions to radioassay results taken before and during detector construction. Read More

An RF ion-funnel technique has been developed to extract ions from a high-pressure (10 bar) noble-gas environment into vacuum ($10^{-6}$ mbar). Detailed simulations have been performed and a prototype has been developed for the purpose of extracting $^{136}$Ba ions from Xe gas with high efficiency. With this prototype, ions have been extracted for the first time from high-pressure xenon gas and argon gas. Read More

Progress on a method of barium tagging for the nEXO double beta decay experiment is reported. Absorption and emission spectra for deposits of barium atoms and ions in solid xenon matrices are presented. Excitation spectra for prominent emission lines, temperature dependence and bleaching of the fluorescence reveal the existence of different matrix sites. Read More

EXO-200 is a single phase liquid xenon detector designed to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{136}$Xe. Here we report on a search for various Majoron-emitting modes based on 100 kg$\cdot$yr exposure of $^{136}$Xe. A lower limit of $T^{^{136}Xe}_{1/2} >1. Read More

We estimate rates of solar neutrino-induced neutrons in a DAMA/LIBRA-like detector setup, and find that the needed contribution to explain the annual modulation would require neutrino-induced neutron cross sections several orders of magnitude larger than current calculations indicate. Although these cross sections have never been measured, it is likely that the solar-neutrino effect on DAMA/LIBRA is negligible. Read More

We describe a system to transport and identify barium ions produced in liquid xenon, as part of R&D towards the second phase of a double beta decay experiment, nEXO. The goal is to identify the Ba ion resulting from an extremely rare nuclear decay of the isotope $^{136}$Xe, hence providing a confirmation of the occurrence of the decay. This is achieved through Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy (RIS). Read More

Many extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics suggest that neutrinos should be Majorana-type fermions, but this assumption is difficult to confirm. Observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay ($0\nu \beta \beta$), a spontaneous transition that may occur in several candidate nuclei, would verify the Majorana nature of the neutrino and constrain the absolute scale of the neutrino mass spectrum. Recent searches carried out with $^{76}$Ge (GERDA experiment) and $^{136}$Xe (KamLAND-Zen and EXO-200 experiments) have established the lifetime of this decay to be longer than $10^{25}$ yr, corresponding to a limit on the neutrino mass of 0. Read More

CoGeNT has taken data for over 3 years, with 1136 live days of data accumulated as of April 23, 2013. We report on the results of a maximum likelihood analysis to extract any possible dark matter signal present in the collected data. The maximum likelihood signal extraction uses 2-dimensional probability density functions (PDFs) to characterize the anticipated variations in dark matter interaction rates for given observable nuclear recoil energies during differing periods of the Earth's annual orbit around the Sun. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are well-established dark matter candidates. WIMP interactions with sensitive detectors are expected to display a characteristic annual modulation in rate. We release a dataset spanning 3. Read More

Authors: A. de Gouvea, K. Pitts, K. Scholberg, G. P. Zeller, J. Alonso, A. Bernstein, M. Bishai, S. Elliott, K. Heeger, K. Hoffman, P. Huber, L. J. Kaufman, B. Kayser, J. Link, C. Lunardini, B. Monreal, J. G. Morfin, H. Robertson, R. Tayloe, N. Tolich, K. Abazajian, T. Akiri, C. Albright, J. Asaadi, K. S Babu, A. B. Balantekin, P. Barbeau, M. Bass, A. Blake, A. Blondel, E. Blucher, N. Bowden, S. J. Brice, A. Bross, B. Carls, F. Cavanna, B. Choudhary, P. Coloma, A. Connolly, J. Conrad, M. Convery, R. L. Cooper, D. Cowen, H. da Motta, T. de Young, F. Di Lodovico, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, M. Dracos, S. Dodelson, Y. Efremenko, T. Ekelof, J. L. Feng, B. Fleming, J. Formaggio, A. Friedland, G. Fuller, H. Gallagher, S. Geer, M. Gilchriese, M. Goodman, D. Grant, G. Gratta, C. Hall, F. Halzen, D. Harris, M. Heffner, R. Henning, J. L. Hewett, R. Hill, A. Himmel, G. Horton-Smith, A. Karle, T. Katori, E. Kearns, S. Kettell, J. Klein, Y. Kim, Y. K. Kim, Yu. Kolomensky, M. Kordosky, Yu. Kudenko, V. A. Kudryavtsev, K. Lande, K. Lang, R. Lanza, K. Lau, H. Lee, Z. Li, B. R. Littlejohn, C. J. Lin, D. Liu, H. Liu, K. Long, W. Louis, K. B. Luk, W. Marciano, C. Mariani, M. Marshak, C. Mauger, K. T. McDonald, K. McFarland, R. McKeown, M. Messier, S. R. Mishra, U. Mosel, P. Mumm, T. Nakaya, J. K. Nelson, D. Nygren, G. D. Orebi Gann, J. Osta, O. Palamara, J. Paley, V. Papadimitriou, S. Parke, Z. Parsa, R. Patterson, A. Piepke, R. Plunkett, A. Poon, X. Qian, J. Raaf, R. Rameika, M. Ramsey-Musolf, B. Rebel, R. Roser, J. Rosner, C. Rott, G. Rybka, H. Sahoo, S. Sangiorgio, D. Schmitz, R. Shrock, M. Shaevitz, N. Smith, M. Smy, H. Sobel, P. Sorensen, A. Sousa, J. Spitz, T. Strauss, R. Svoboda, H. A. Tanaka, J. Thomas, X. Tian, R. Tschirhart, C. Tully, K. Van Bibber, R. G. Van de Water, P. Vahle, P. Vogel, C. W. Walter, D. Wark, M. Wascko, D. Webber, H. Weerts, C. White, H. White, L. Whitehead, R. J. Wilson, L. Winslow, T Wongjirad, E. Worcester, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, E. D. Zimmerman

This document represents the response of the Intensity Frontier Neutrino Working Group to the Snowmass charge. We summarize the current status of neutrino physics and identify many exciting future opportunities for studying the properties of neutrinos and for addressing important physics and astrophysics questions with neutrinos. Read More

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, provides an intense flux of neutrinos in the few tens-of-MeV range, with a sharply-pulsed timing structure that is beneficial for background rejection. In this white paper, we describe how the SNS source can be used for a measurement of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS), and the physics reach of different phases of such an experimental program (CSI: Coherent Scattering Investigations at the SNS). Read More

We report on an improved measurement of the 2\nu \beta \beta\ half-life of Xe-136 performed by EXO-200. The use of a large and homogeneous time projection chamber allows for the precise estimate of the fiducial mass used for the measurement, resulting in a small systematic uncertainty. We also discuss in detail the data analysis methods used for double-beta decay searches with EXO-200, while emphasizing those directly related to the present measurement. Read More

CoGeNT employs p-type point-contact (PPC) germanium detectors to search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). By virtue of its low energy threshold and ability to reject surface backgrounds, this type of device allows an emphasis on low-mass dark matter candidates (wimp mass of about 10 GeV/c2). We report on the characteristics of the PPC detector presently taking data at the Soudan Underground Laboratory, elaborating on aspects of shielding, data acquisition, instrumental stability, data analysis, and background estimation. Read More

EXO-200 is an experiment designed to search for double beta decay of $^{136}$Xe with a single-phase, liquid xenon detector. It uses an active mass of 110 kg of xenon enriched to 80.6% in the isotope 136 in an ultra-low background time projection chamber capable of simultaneous detection of ionization and scintillation. Read More

We describe purity measurements of the natural and enriched xenon stockpiles used by the EXO-200 double beta decay experiment based on a mass spectrometry technique. The sensitivity of the spectrometer is enhanced by several orders of magnitude by the presence of a liquid nitrogen cold trap, and many impurity species of interest can be detected at the level of one part-per-billion or better. We have used the technique to screen the EXO-200 xenon before, during, and after its use in our detector, and these measurements have proven useful. Read More

We report the observation of two-neutrino double-beta decay in Xe-136 with T_1/2 = 2.11 +- 0.04 (stat. Read More

We discuss the design, operation, and calibration of two versions of a xenon gas purity monitor (GPM) developed for the EXO double beta decay program. The devices are sensitive to concentrations of oxygen well below 1 ppb at an ambient gas pressure of one atmosphere or more. The theory of operation of the GPM is discussed along with the interactions of oxygen and other impurities with the GPM's tungsten filament. Read More

Fifteen months of cumulative CoGeNT data are examined for indications of an annual modulation, a predicted signature of Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) interactions. Presently available data support the presence of a modulated component of unknown origin, with parameters prima facie compatible with a galactic halo composed of light-mass WIMPs. Unoptimized estimators yield a statistical significance for a modulation of ~2. Read More

A magnetically driven piston pump for xenon gas recirculation is presented. The pump is designed to satisfy extreme purity and containment requirements, as is appropriate for the recirculation of isotopically enriched xenon through the purification system and large liquid xenon TPC of EXO-200. The pump, using sprung polymer gaskets, is capable of pumping more than 16 standard liters per minute (SLPM) of xenon gas with 750 torr differential pressure. Read More

We describe a source capable of producing single barium ions through nuclear recoils in radioactive decay. The source is fabricated by electroplating 148Gd onto a silicon {\alpha}-particle detector and vapor depositing a layer of BaF2 over it. 144Sm recoils from the alpha decay of 148Gd are used to dislodge Ba+ ions from the BaF2 layer and emit them in the surrounding environment. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is building the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, a 60 kg array of high purity germanium detectors housed in an ultra-low background shield at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge while demonstrating the feasibility of a tonne-scale experiment. It may also carry out a dark matter search in the 1-10 GeV/c^2 mass range. Read More

Affiliations: 1CoGeNT collaboration, 2CoGeNT collaboration, 3CoGeNT collaboration, 4CoGeNT collaboration, 5CoGeNT collaboration, 6CoGeNT collaboration, 7CoGeNT collaboration, 8CoGeNT collaboration, 9CoGeNT collaboration, 10CoGeNT collaboration, 11CoGeNT collaboration, 12CoGeNT collaboration, 13CoGeNT collaboration, 14CoGeNT collaboration, 15CoGeNT collaboration, 16CoGeNT collaboration, 17CoGeNT collaboration, 18CoGeNT collaboration, 19CoGeNT collaboration, 20CoGeNT collaboration, 21CoGeNT collaboration, 22CoGeNT collaboration, 23CoGeNT collaboration, 24CoGeNT collaboration, 25CoGeNT collaboration, 26CoGeNT collaboration, 27CoGeNT collaboration

We report on several features present in the energy spectrum from an ultra low-noise germanium detector operated at 2,100 m.w.e. Read More

A claim for evidence of dark matter interactions in the DAMA experiment has been recently reinforced. We employ a new type of germanium detector to conclusively rule out a standard isothermal galactic halo of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) as the explanation for the annual modulation effect leading to the claim. Bounds are similarly imposed on a suggestion that dark pseudoscalars mightlead to the effect. Read More

A new type of radiation detector, a p-type modified electrode germanium diode, is presented. The prototype displays, for the first time, a combination of features (mass, energy threshold and background expectation) required for a measurement of coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering in a nuclear reactor experiment. The device hybridizes the mass and energy resolution of a conventional HPGe coaxial gamma spectrometer with the low electronic noise and threshold of a small x-ray semiconductor detector, also displaying an intrinsic ability to distinguish multiple from single-site particle interactions. Read More

As part of an experimental effort to demonstrate sensitivity in a large-mass detector to the ultra-low energy recoils expected from coherent neutrino-nucleus elastic scattering, we have designed and built a highly monochromatic 24 keV neutron beam at the Kansas State University Triga Mark-II reactor. The beam characteristics were chosen so as to mimic the soft recoil energies expected from reactor antineutrinos in a variety of targets, allowing to understand the response of dedicated detector technologies in this yet unexplored sub-keV recoil range. A full characterization of the beam properties (intensity, monochromaticity, contaminations, beam profile) is presented, together with first tests of the calibration setup using proton recoils in organic scintillator. Read More

We report on the manufacture of a first batch of approximately 2,000 Gas Electron Multipliers (GEMs) using 3M's fully automated roll to roll flexible circuit production line. This process allows low-cost, reproducible fabrication of a high volume of GEMs of dimensions up to 30$\times$30 cm$^{2}$. First tests indicate that the resulting GEMs have optimal properties as radiation detectors. Read More

The detection of low energy neutrinos ($<$ few tens of MeV) via coherent nuclear scattering remains a holy grail of sorts in neutrino physics. This uncontroversial mode of interaction is expected to profit from a sizeable increase in cross section proportional to neutron number squared in the target nucleus, an advantageous feature in view of the small probability of interaction via all other channels in this energy region. A coherent neutrino detector would open the door to many new applications, ranging from the study of fundamental neutrino properties to true "neutrino technology". Read More