P. Langacker - University of Pennsylvania

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P. Langacker
University of Pennsylvania
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (21)
High Energy Physics - Theory (10)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Astrophysics (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By P. Langacker

We study models with heavy exotics that account for the LHC $750$ GeV diphoton excess in light of current vector-like quark bounds. Utilizing only exotics that may appear in three-stack and four-stack D-brane models, we show that a narrow width diphoton excess can be accounted for while evading existing bounds if multiple exotics are added, with vector-like leptons of mass $M_L\lesssim 375$ GeV and vector-like quarks with masses up to $\simeq 3$ TeV. However, a large width $(\Gamma/M \sim 0. Read More

Authors: R. Adhikari, M. Agostini, N. Anh Ky, T. Araki, M. Archidiacono, M. Bahr, J. Baur, J. Behrens, F. Bezrukov, P. S. Bhupal Dev, D. Borah, A. Boyarsky, A. de Gouvea, C. A. de S. Pires, H. J. de Vega, A. G. Dias, P. Di Bari, Z. Djurcic, K. Dolde, H. Dorrer, M. Durero, O. Dragoun, M. Drewes, G. Drexlin, Ch. E. Düllmann, K. Eberhardt, S. Eliseev, C. Enss, N. W. Evans, A. Faessler, P. Filianin, V. Fischer, A. Fleischmann, J. A. Formaggio, J. Franse, F. M. Fraenkle, C. S. Frenk, G. Fuller, L. Gastaldo, A. Garzilli, C. Giunti, F. Glück, M. C. Goodman, M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia, D. Gorbunov, J. Hamann, V. Hannen, S. Hannestad, S. H. Hansen, C. Hassel, J. Heeck, F. Hofmann, T. Houdy, A. Huber, D. Iakubovskyi, A. Ianni, A. Ibarra, R. Jacobsson, T. Jeltema, J. Jochum, S. Kempf, T. Kieck, M. Korzeczek, V. Kornoukhov, T. Lachenmaier, M. Laine, P. Langacker, T. Lasserre, J. Lesgourgues, D. Lhuillier, Y. F. Li, W. Liao, A. W. Long, M. Maltoni, G. Mangano, N. E. Mavromatos, N. Menci, A. Merle, S. Mertens, A. Mirizzi, B. Monreal, A. Nozik, A. Neronov, V. Niro, Y. Novikov, L. Oberauer, E. Otten, N. Palanque-Delabrouille, M. Pallavicini, V. S. Pantuev, E. Papastergis, S. Parke, S. Pascoli, S. Pastor, A. Patwardhan, A. Pilaftsis, D. C. Radford, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, O. Rest, D. J. Robinson, P. S. Rodrigues da Silva, O. Ruchayskiy, N. G. Sanchez, M. Sasaki, N. Saviano, A. Schneider, F. Schneider, T. Schwetz, S. Schönert, S. Scholl, F. Shankar, R. Shrock, N. Steinbrink, L. Strigari, F. Suekane, B. Suerfu, R. Takahashi, N. Thi Hong Van, I. Tkachev, M. Totzauer, Y. Tsai, C. G. Tully, K. Valerius, J. W. F. Valle, D. Venos, M. Viel, M. Vivier, M. Y. Wang, C. Weinheimer, K. Wendt, L. Winslow, J. Wolf, M. Wurm, Z. Xing, S. Zhou, K. Zuber

We present a comprehensive review of keV-scale sterile neutrino Dark Matter, collecting views and insights from all disciplines involved - cosmology, astrophysics, nuclear, and particle physics - in each case viewed from both theoretical and experimental/observational perspectives. After reviewing the role of active neutrinos in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, we focus on sterile neutrinos in the context of the Dark Matter puzzle. Here, we first review the physics motivation for sterile neutrino Dark Matter, based on challenges and tensions in purely cold Dark Matter scenarios. Read More

String consistency conditions are stronger than anomaly cancellation and can require the addition of exotics in the visible sector. We study such exotics and demonstrate that they may account for the modest excess at $750$ GeV in recent diphoton resonance searches performed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations. In a previous analysis of type II MSSM D-brane quivers we systematically added up to five exotics for the sake of satisfying string consistency conditions. Read More

This report, prepared for the Community Planning Study - Snowmass 2013 - summarizes the theoretical motivations and the experimental efforts to search for baryon number violation, focussing on nucleon decay and neutron-antineutron oscillations. Present and future nucleon decay search experiments using large underground detectors, as well as planned neutron-antineutron oscillation search experiments with free neutron beams are highlighted. Read More

With the discovery of the Higgs boson, the spectrum of particles in the Standard Model (SM) is complete. It is more important than ever to perform precision measurements and to test for deviations from SM predictions in the electroweak sector. In this report, we investigate two themes in the arena of precision electroweak measurements: the electroweak precision observables (EWPOs) that test the particle content and couplings in the SM and the minimal supersymmetric SM, and the measurements involving multiple gauge bosons in the final state which provide unique probes of the basic tenets of electroweak symmetry breaking. Read More

A U(1)' or Z' is generic in many scenarios of physics beyond the Standard Model, such as string theory compactifications, GUTs, extra-dimensions, compositeness, dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking, dark-sector models, etc. We study the potential of probing a TeV-scale Z' with electroweak couplings in future experiments. In particular, we focus on two scenarios: (1) If a Z' is discovered at the LHC, what is the potential of measuring its mass and width and to distinguish between benchmark models utilizing various observables, especially asymmetries, at a high luminosity LHC and the ILC. Read More

We review the ILC capabilities to explore the electroweak (EW) sector of the SM at high precision and the prospects of unveiling signals of BSM physics, either through the presence of new particles in higher-order corrections or via direct production of extra EW gauge bosons. This includes electroweak precision observables, global fits to the SM Higgs boson mass as well as triple and quartic gauge boson couplings. Read More

The CDF and D0 collaborations have observed a forward-backward asymmetry in t-tbar production at large invariant mass in excess of the standard model prediction. One explanation involves a heavy color octet particle with axial vector couplings to quarks (an axigluon). We describe and contrast various aspects of axigluons obtained from the breaking of a chiral SU(3)_L x SU(3)_R gauge theory both from the standpoint of a string-inspired field theory and from a quiver analysis of a local type IIa intersecting brane construction. Read More

Authors: J. L. Hewett, H. Weerts, R. Brock, J. N. Butler, B. C. K. Casey, J. Collar, A. de Gouvea, R. Essig, Y. Grossman, W. Haxton, J. A. Jaros, C. K. Jung, Z. T. Lu, K. Pitts, Z. Ligeti, J. R. Patterson, M. Ramsey-Musolf, J. L. Ritchie, A. Roodman, K. Scholberg, C. E. M. Wagner, G. P. Zeller, S. Aefsky, A. Afanasev, K. Agashe, C. Albright, J. Alonso, C. Ankenbrandt, M. Aoki, C. A. Arguelles, N. Arkani-Hamed, J. R. Armendariz, C. Armendariz-Picon, E. Arrieta Diaz, J. Asaadi, D. M. Asner, K. S. Babu, K. Bailey, O. Baker, B. Balantekin, B. Baller, M. Bass, B. Batell, J. Beacham, J. Behr, N. Berger, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, R. Bernstein, A. J. Bevan, M. Bishai, M. Blanke, S. Blessing, A. Blondel, T. Blum, G. Bock, A. Bodek, G. Bonvicini, F. Bossi, J. Boyce, R. Breedon, M. Breidenbach, S. J. Brice, R. A. Briere, S. Brodsky, C. Bromberg, A. Bross, T. E. Browder, D. A. Bryman, M. Buckley, R. Burnstein, E. Caden, P. Campana, R. Carlini, G. Carosi, C. Castromonte, R. Cenci, I. Chakaberia, M. C. Chen, C. H. Cheng, B. Choudhary, N. H. Christ, E. Christensen, M. E. Christy, T. E. Chupp, E. Church, D. B. Cline, T. E. Coan, P. Coloma, J. Comfort, L. Coney, J. Cooper, R. J. Cooper, R. Cowan, D. F. Cowen, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Datta, G. S. Davies, M. Demarteau, D. P. DeMille, A. Denig, R. Dermisek, A. Deshpande, M. S. Dewey, R. Dharmapalan, J. Dhooghe, M. R. Dietrich, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, S. Dobbs, M. Duraisamy, B. Dutta, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, M. Eads, B. Echenard, S. R. Elliott, C. Escobar, J. Fajans, S. Farooq, C. Faroughy, J. E. Fast, B. Feinberg, J. Felde, G. Feldman, P. Fierlinger, P. Fileviez Perez, B. Filippone, P. Fisher, B. T. Flemming, K. T. Flood, R. Forty, M. J. Frank, A. Freyberger, A. Friedland, R. Gandhi, K. S. Ganezer, A. Garcia, F. G. Garcia, S. Gardner, L. Garrison, A. Gasparian, S. Geer, V. M. Gehman, T. Gershon, M. Gilchriese, C. Ginsberg, I. Gogoladze, M. Gonderinger, M. Goodman, H. Gould, M. Graham, P. W. Graham, R. Gran, J. Grange, G. Gratta, J. P. Green, H. Greenlee, R. C. Group, E. Guardincerri, V. Gudkov, R. Guenette, A. Haas, A. Hahn, T. Han, T. Handler, J. C. Hardy, R. Harnik, D. A. Harris, F. A. Harris, P. G. Harris, J. Hartnett, B. He, B. R. Heckel, K. M. Heeger, S. Henderson, D. Hertzog, R. Hill, E. A Hinds, D. G. Hitlin, R. J. Holt, N. Holtkamp, G. Horton-Smith, P. Huber, W. Huelsnitz, J. Imber, I. Irastorza, J. Jaeckel, I. Jaegle, C. James, A. Jawahery, D. Jensen, C. P. Jessop, B. Jones, H. Jostlein, T. Junk, A. L. Kagan, M. Kalita, Y. Kamyshkov, D. M. Kaplan, G. Karagiorgi, A. Karle, T. Katori, B. Kayser, R. Kephart, S. Kettell, Y. K. Kim, M. Kirby, K. Kirch, J. Klein, J. Kneller, A. Kobach, M. Kohl, J. Kopp, M. Kordosky, W. Korsch, I. Kourbanis, A. D. Krisch, P. Krizan, A. S. Kronfeld, S. Kulkarni, K. S. Kumar, Y. Kuno, T. Kutter, T. Lachenmaier, M. Lamm, J. Lancaster, M. Lancaster, C. Lane, K. Lang, P. Langacker, S. Lazarevic, T. Le, K. Lee, K. T. Lesko, Y. Li, M. Lindgren, A. Lindner, J. Link, D. Lissauer, L. S. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, C. Y. Liu, W. Loinaz, W. Lorenzon, W. C. Louis, J. Lozier, L. Ludovici, L. Lueking, C. Lunardini, D. B. MacFarlane, P. A. N. Machado, P. B. Mackenzie, J. Maloney, W. J. Marciano, W. Marsh, M. Marshak, J. W. Martin, C. Mauger, K. S. McFarland, C. McGrew, G. McLaughlin, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, B. T. Meadows, R. Mehdiyev, D. Melconian, H. Merkel, M. Messier, J. P. Miller, G. Mills, U. K. Minamisono, S. R. Mishra, I. Mocioiu, S. Moed Sher, R. N. Mohapatra, B. Monreal, C. D. Moore, J. G. Morfin, J. Mousseau, L. A. Moustakas, G. Mueller, P. Mueller, M. Muether, H. P. Mumm, C. Munger, H. Murayama, P. Nath, O. Naviliat-Cuncin, J. K. Nelson, D. Neuffer, J. S. Nico, A. Norman, D. Nygren, Y. Obayashi, T. P. O'Connor, Y. Okada, J. Olsen, L. Orozco, J. L. Orrell, J. Osta, B. Pahlka, J. Paley, V. Papadimitriou, M. Papucci, S. Parke, R. H. Parker, Z. Parsa, K. Partyka, A. Patch, J. C. Pati, R. B. Patterson, Z. Pavlovic, G. Paz, G. N. Perdue, D. Perevalov, G. Perez, R. Petti, W. Pettus, A. Piepke, M. Pivovaroff, R. Plunkett, C. C. Polly, M. Pospelov, R. Povey, A. Prakesh, M. V. Purohit, S. Raby, J. L. Raaf, R. Rajendran, S. Rajendran, G. Rameika, R. Ramsey, A. Rashed, B. N. Ratcliff, B. Rebel, J. Redondo, P. Reimer, D. Reitzner, F. Ringer, A. Ringwald, S. Riordan, B. L. Roberts, D. A. Roberts, R. Robertson, F. Robicheaux, M. Rominsky, R. Roser, J. L. Rosner, C. Rott, P. Rubin, N. Saito, M. Sanchez, S. Sarkar, H. Schellman, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitt, D. W. Schmitz, J. Schneps, A. Schopper, P. Schuster, A. J. Schwartz, M. Schwarz, J. Seeman, Y. K. Semertzidis, K. K. Seth, Q. Shafi, P. Shanahan, R. Sharma, S. R. Sharpe, M. Shiozawa, V. Shiltsev, K. Sigurdson, P. Sikivie, J. Singh, D. Sivers, T. Skwarnicki, N. Smith, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, Y. H. Song, A. Soni, P. Souder, A. Sousa, J. Spitz, M. Stancari, G. C. Stavenga, J. H. Steffen, S. Stepanyan, D. Stoeckinger, S. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strassler, I. A. Sulai, R. Sundrum, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, T. Takeuchi, P. Tanedo, S. Taneja, J. Tang, D. B. Tanner, R. Tayloe, I. Taylor, J. Thomas, C. Thorn, X. Tian, B. G. Tice, M. Tobar, N. Tolich, N. Toro, I. S. Towner, Y. Tsai, R. Tschirhart, C. D. Tunnell, M. Tzanov, A. Upadhye, J. Urheim, S. Vahsen, A. Vainshtein, E. Valencia, R. G. Van de Water, R. S. Van de Water, M. Velasco, J. Vogel, P. Vogel, W. Vogelsang, Y. W. Wah, D. Walker, N. Weiner, A. Weltman, R. Wendell, W. Wester, M. Wetstein, C. White, L. Whitehead, J. Whitmore, E. Widmann, G. Wiedemann, J. Wilkerson, G. Wilkinson, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, W. Winter, M. B. Wise, J. Wodin, S. Wojcicki, B. Wojtsekhowski, T. Wongjirad, E. Worcester, J. Wurtele, T. Xin, J. Xu, T. Yamanaka, Y. Yamazaki, I. Yavin, J. Yeck, M. Yeh, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, A. Young, E. Zimmerman, K. Zioutas, M. Zisman, J. Zupan, R. Zwaska

The Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier. Science opportunities at the intensity frontier are identified and described in the areas of heavy quarks, charged leptons, neutrinos, proton decay, new light weakly-coupled particles, and nucleons, nuclei, and atoms. Read More

Authors: K. N. Abazajian, M. A. Acero, S. K. Agarwalla, A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo, C. H. Albright, S. Antusch, C. A. Arguelles, A. B. Balantekin, G. Barenboim, V. Barger, P. Bernardini, F. Bezrukov, O. E. Bjaelde, S. A. Bogacz, N. S. Bowden, A. Boyarsky, A. Bravar, D. Bravo Berguno, S. J. Brice, A. D. Bross, B. Caccianiga, F. Cavanna, E. J. Chun, B. T. Cleveland, A. P. Collin, P. Coloma, J. M. Conrad, M. Cribier, A. S. Cucoanes, J. C. D'Olivo, S. Das, A. de Gouvea, A. V. Derbin, R. Dharmapalan, J. S. Diaz, X. J. Ding, Z. Djurcic, A. Donini, D. Duchesneau, H. Ejiri, S. R. Elliott, D. J. Ernst, A. Esmaili, J. J. Evans, E. Fernandez-Martinez, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, B. T. Fleming, J. A. Formaggio, D. Franco, J. Gaffiot, R. Gandhi, Y. Gao, G. T. Garvey, V. N. Gavrin, P. Ghoshal, D. Gibin, C. Giunti, S. N. Gninenko, V. V. Gorbachev, D. S. Gorbunov, R. Guenette, A. Guglielmi, F. Halzen, J. Hamann, S. Hannestad, W. Haxton, K. M. Heeger, R. Henning, P. Hernandez, P. Huber, W. Huelsnitz, A. Ianni, T. V. Ibragimova, Y. Karadzhov, G. Karagiorgi, G. Keefer, Y. D. Kim, J. Kopp, V. N. Kornoukhov, A. Kusenko, P. Kyberd, P. Langacker, Th. Lasserre, M. Laveder, A. Letourneau, D. Lhuillier, Y. F. Li, M. Lindner, J. M. Link, B. L. Littlejohn, P. Lombardi, K. Long, J. Lopez-Pavon, W. C. Louis, L. Ludhova, J. D. Lykken, P. A. N. Machado, M. Maltoni, W. A. Mann, D. Marfatia, C. Mariani, V. A. Matveev, N. E. Mavromatos, A. Melchiorri, D. Meloni, O. Mena, G. Mention, A. Merle, E. Meroni, M. Mezzetto, G. B. Mills, D. Minic, L. Miramonti, D. Mohapatra, R. N. Mohapatra, C. Montanari, Y. Mori, Th. A. Mueller, H. P. Mumm, V. Muratova, A. E. Nelson, J. S. Nico, E. Noah, J. Nowak, O. Yu. Smirnov, M. Obolensky, S. Pakvasa, O. Palamara, M. Pallavicini, S. Pascoli, L. Patrizii, Z. Pavlovic, O. L. G. Peres, H. Pessard, F. Pietropaolo, M. L. Pitt, M. Popovic, J. Pradler, G. Ranucci, H. Ray, S. Razzaque, B. Rebel, R. G. H. Robertson, W. Rodejohann, S. D. Rountree, C. Rubbia, O. Ruchayskiy, P. R. Sala, K. Scholberg, T. Schwetz, M. H. Shaevitz, M. Shaposhnikov, R. Shrock, S. Simone, M. Skorokhvatov, M. Sorel, A. Sousa, D. N. Spergel, J. Spitz, L. Stanco, I. Stancu, A. Suzuki, T. Takeuchi, I. Tamborra, J. Tang, G. Testera, X. C. Tian, A. Tonazzo, C. D. Tunnell, R. G. Van de Water, L. Verde, E. P. Veretenkin, C. Vignoli, M. Vivier, R. B. Vogelaar, M. O. Wascko, J. F. Wilkerson, W. Winter, Y. Y. Y. Wong, T. T. Yanagida, O. Yasuda, M. Yeh, F. Yermia, Z. W. Yokley, G. P. Zeller, L. Zhan, H. Zhang

This white paper addresses the hypothesis of light sterile neutrinos based on recent anomalies observed in neutrino experiments and the latest astrophysical data. Read More

We study two possible explanations for short baseline neutrino oscillation anomalies, such as the LSND and MiniBooNE anti-neutrino data, and for the reactor anomaly. The first scenario is the mini-seesaw mechanism with two eV-scale sterile neutrinos. We present both analytic formulas and numerical results showing that this scenario could account for the short baseline and reactor anomalies and is consistent with the observed masses and mixings of the three active neutrinos. Read More

General classes of mechanisms for generating small neutrino masses are surveyed from a top-down (superstring) perspective. In particular, string constructions have motivated various possibilities involving higher-dimensional operators, string instantons, and wave function overlaps in large or warped extra dimensions. These may yield small Dirac masses, Majorana masses via the Weinberg operator, or Majorana masses from a seesaw mechanism, though the latter typically differ in detail from the more conventional GUT models. Read More

Global consistency of string compactifications places constraints on the chiral matter spectrum of a gauge theory which include those necessary for the absence of cubic nonabelian anomalies, but also contain some additional conditions. In the class of theories we study, some of these are present in a field theory augmented by anomalous U(1)'s and Chern-Simons terms, but some are genuinely not present in field theory. Their violation has phenomenological implications, rendering inconsistent many quiver gauge theories with the chiral matter spectrum of the MSSM. Read More

Many models beyond the Standard Electroweak Theory, top-down or bottom-up, contain extensions of the gauge symmetry group by extra U(1)' factors which can be understood or treated as subgroups of E(6). A brief overview of such models is followed by a sketch of a systematic classification. We then describe how the resulting extra massive neutral gauge bosons can be searched for and in case of positive evidence diagnosed using electroweak and collider data. Read More

Fractionally charged massive particles (FCHAMPs) appear in extensions of the standard model, especially those with superstring constructions. The lightest FCHAMP would be absolutely stable and any produced during the early evolution of the Universe would be present today. The production, annihilation, and survival of L, a lepton with electroweak but no strong interactions, of mass m_L and charge Q_L (in units of the positron charge) are explored. Read More

The CDF collaboration recently presented evidence for an excess in the dijet invariant mass distribution coming from events in a W+2j exclusive sample. Here we show that this excess can be explained by the s-channel production of a weakly coupled Higgsophilic Z' near M_Z' ~ 270 GeV which decays into a W^\pm and a charged Higgs at M_{H^\pm} ~ 150 GeV. While the simplest implementations of a general leptophobic Z' model quickly run into tensions with electroweak observables, a more specific Higgsophilic model evades these constraints without resorting to any fine-tuning. Read More

We study the possibility of relaxing the indirect limits on extra neutral vector bosons by their interplay with additional new particles. They can be systematically weakened, even below present direct bounds at colliders, by the addition of more vector bosons and/or scalars designed for this purpose. Otherwise, they appear to be robust. Read More

We revisit the CDF data on di-muon production to impose constraints on a large class of Z' bosons occurring in a variety of E_6 GUT based models. We analyze the dependence of these limits on various factors contributing to the production cross-section, showing that currently systematic and theoretical uncertainties play a relatively minor role. Driven by this observation, we emphasize the use of the Bayesian statistical method, which allows us to straightforwardly (i) vary the gauge coupling strength, g', of the underlying U(1)'; (ii) include interference effects with the Z' amplitude (which are especially important for large g'); (iii) smoothly vary the U(1)' charges; (iv) combine these data with the electroweak precision constraints as well as with other observables obtained from colliders such as LEP 2 and the LHC; and (v) find preferred regions in parameter space once an excess is seen. Read More

The CDF collaboration has set lower limits on the masses of the Z' bosons occurring in a range of E_6 GUT based models. We revisit their analysis and extend it to certain other E_6 scenarios as well as to some general classes of models satisfying the anomaly cancellation conditions, which are not included in the CDF analysis. We also suggest a Bayesian statistical method for finding exclusion limits on the Z' mass, which allows one to explore a wide range of the U(1)' gauge coupling parameter. Read More

We map out possible extensions of the MSSM in the context of type II string theory. We systematically investigate three-stack and four-stack quivers which realize the MSSM spectrum with the addition of a single MSSM singlet S with an allowed S H_u H_d term, which can lead to a dynamical electroweak-scale mu-term. We present the three quivers which satisfy stringent string-theoretic and phenomenological constraints, including the presence of non-zero masses for all three families of quarks and leptons, the perturbative and non-perturbative absence of R-parity violating couplings and rapid dimension-five proton decay, and a mechanism for small neutrino masses. Read More

There has been renewed interest in the possibility of additional fermion generations. At the same time there have been significant changes in the relevant electroweak precision constraints, in particular, in the interpretation of several of the low energy experiments. We summarize the various motivations for extra families and analyze them in view of the latest electroweak precision data. Read More

We investigate the interplay between the string scale and phenomenological scales in orientifold compactifications. Specifically, we discuss in generality the tension that often arises in accounting for neutrino masses, Yukawa couplings, and a mu-term of the correct order and show that it often constrains the string scale M_s. The discussion focuses on two scenarios where, (1) the observed order of the neutrino masses are accounted for by a D-instanton induced "stringy" Weinberg operator, or (2) effectively via the type I seesaw mechanism with an instanton induced Majorana mass term. Read More

The Large Hadron Collider presents an unprecedented opportunity to probe the realm of new physics in the TeV region and shed light on some of the core unresolved issues of particle physics. These include the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking, the origin of mass, the possible constituent of cold dark matter, new sources of CP violation needed to explain the baryon excess in the universe, the possible existence of extra gauge groups and extra matter, and importantly the path Nature chooses to resolve the hierarchy problem - is it supersymmetry or extra dimensions. Many models of new physics beyond the standard model contain a hidden sector which can be probed at the LHC. Read More

We construct a class of anomaly-free supersymmetric U(1)' models that are characterized by family non-universal U(1)' charges motivated from E_6 embeddings. The family non-universality arises from an interchange of the standard roles of the two SU(5) 5* representations within the 27 of E_6 for the third generation. We analyze U(1)' and electroweak symmetry breaking and present the particle mass spectrum. Read More

The existing limits on Z' gauge bosons and prospects for discovery and diagnostic studies at the LHC are briefly reviewed. Read More

We construct two anomaly-free supersymmetric $U(1)'$ models with a secluded $U(1)'$-breaking sector. For the one with $E_6$ embedding we show that there exists a strong enough first order electroweak phase transition for electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG) because of the large soft trilinear terms in the Higgs potential. Unlike the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the stop masses can be very heavy. Read More

We propose a scenario in which the supersymmetry breaking effect mediated by an additional U(1)' is comparable with that of anomaly mediation. We argue that such a scenario can be naturally realized in a large class of models. Combining anomaly with Z' mediation allows us to solve the tachyonic slepton problem of the former and avoid significant fine tuning in the latter. Read More

We tested several models in which the Standard Model (SM) gauge group is extended by an additional U(1) gauge symmetry, against available electroweak precision data to impose limits on the mass of the neutral Z' boson, M_Z', predicted in all such models, and on the Z-Z' mixing angle, theta_ZZ', at 95% C.L. We found lower limits on M_Z' of order 1 TeV in most cases, while theta_ZZ' was found to be constrained to very small values. Read More

Additional Z' gauge bosons are predicted by a wide variety of extensions of the standard model (SM). Possibilities include TeV-scale bosons with electroweak coupling, very light bosons which nearly decouple from the standard model particles, and bosons which communicate with a quasi-hidden sector. A broad survey is given of the theoretical possibilities and of the physics implications for particle physics and cosmology. Read More

New physics models admit the interesting possibility of a Z' weak boson associated with an extra U(1) gauge symmetry and a Higgs boson that is heavy enough to decay into a pair of Z bosons. Then Z' production and decay via Z' -> ZH -> ZZZ has a distinctive LHC signal that is nearly background free and reconstructs the H and Z' masses and widths. The Z' decay to 3 pairs of leptons is especially distinctive. Read More

We analyze flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) effects in the $b\to s$ transitions that are induced by family non-universal $U(1)'$ gauge symmetries. After systematically developing the necessary formalism, we present a correlated analysis for the $\Delta B =1, 2$ processes. We adopt a model-independent approach in which we only require family-universal charges for the first and second generations and small fermion mixing angles. Read More

We analyze various models with an extra U(1) gauge symmetry in addition to the Standard Model (SM) gauge group at low energies, and impose limits on the mass of the neutral Z' boson, M_Z', predicted in all such models, and on the Z-Z' mixing angle, theta_ZZ'. The precision electroweak data strongly constrain theta_ZZ' to very small values and for most models we find lower limits on M_Z' of order 1 TeV. In one case we obtain a somewhat better fit than in the SM (although this is only marginally statistically significant) and here we find a weak upper limit at the 90% C. Read More

We present a correlated analysis for the $\Delta B =1, 2$ processes which occur via $b\to s$ transitions within models with a family non-universal $U(1)^\prime$. We take a model-independent approach, and only require family universal charges for the first and second generations and small fermion mixing angles. The results of our analysis show that within this class of models, the anomalies in $B_s - \bar B_s$ mixing and the time-dependent CP asymmetries of the penguin-dominated $B_d \to (\pi, \phi, \eta', \rho, \omega, f_0)K_S$ decays can be accommodated. Read More

A concise introduction is given to the standard model, including the structure of the QCD and electroweak Lagrangians, spontaneous symmetry breaking, experimental tests, and problems. Read More

We address two closely related problems associated with the singlet scalars' potential that are often present in supersymmetric U(1)' models, especially those which maintain the gauge unification of the MSSM in a simple way. The first is the possibility of an accidental global symmetry which results in a light Goldstone boson. The second is the problem of generating a vacuum expectation value for more than one field without reintroducing the $\mu$ problem. Read More

We analyze a simple extension of the Standard Model (SM) obtained by adding a complex singlet to the scalar sector (cxSM). We show that the cxSM can contain one or two viable cold dark matter candidates and analyze the conditions on the parameters of the scalar potential that yield the observed relic density. When the cxSM potential contains a global U(1) symmetry that is both softly and spontaneously broken, it contains both a viable dark matter candidate and the ingredients necessary for a strong first order electroweak phase transition as needed for electroweak baryogenesis. Read More

The results of high precision weak neutral current (WNC), Z-pole, and high energy collider electroweak experiments have been the primary prediction and test of electroweak unification. The electroweak program is briefly reviewed from a historical perspective. The current status and the implications for the standard model and beyond are discussed. Read More

We present a stringy mechanism to generate Dirac neutrino masses by D-instantons in an experimentally relevant mass scale without fine-tuning. Within Type IIA string theory with intersecting D6-branes, we spell out specific conditions for the emergence of such couplings and provide a class of supersymmetric local SU(5) Grand Unified models, based on the Z_2 x Z'_2 orientifold compactification, where perturbatively absent Dirac neutrino masses can be generated by D2-brane instantons in the experimentally observed mass regime, while Majorana masses remain absent, thus providing an intriguing mechanism for the origin of small neutrino masses due to non-perturbative stringy effects. Read More

In a recent paper, we proposed the possibility that supersymmetry breaking is communicated dominantly via a U(1)' vector multiplet. We also required that the U(1)' plays a crucial role in solving the mu problem. We discuss here in detail both the construction and the phenomenology of one class of such models. Read More

The U(1)' symmetry associated with a possible heavy Z' would have profound implications for particle physics and cosmology. The motivations for such particles in various extensions of the standard model, possible ranges for their masses and couplings, and classes of anomaly-free models are discussed. Present limits from electroweak and collider experiments are briefly surveyed, as are prospects for discovery and diagnostic study at future colliders. Read More

We demonstrate that Dirac neutrino masses in the experimentally preferred range are generated within supersymmetric gauge extensions of the Standard Model with a generalized supersymmetry breaking sector. If the usual superpotential Yukawa couplings are forbidden by the additional gauge symmetry (such as a U(1)'), effective Dirac mass terms involving the "wrong Higgs" field can arise either at tree level due to hard supersymmetry breaking fermion Yukawa couplings, or at one-loop due to nonanalytic or "nonholomorphic" soft supersymmetry breaking trilinear scalar couplings. As both of these operators are naturally suppressed in generic models of supersymmetry breaking, the resulting neutrino masses are naturally in the sub-eV range. Read More

We consider a class of models in which supersymmetry breaking is communicated dominantly via a U'(1) gauge interaction, which also helps solve the \mu problem. Such models can emerge naturally in top-down constructions and are a version of split supersymmetry. The spectrum contains heavy sfermions, Higgsinos, exotics, and Z' ~ 10-100 TeV; light gauginos ~ 100-1000 GeV; a light Higgs ~ 140 GeV; and a light singlino. Read More

Extensions of the MSSM often predict the existence of new fermions and their scalar superpartners which are vectorlike with respect to the standard model gauge group but may be chiral under additional gauge factors. In this paper we explore the production and decay of an important example, i.e. Read More

Gauge singlet extensions of the Standard Model (SM) scalar sector may help remedy its theoretical and phenomenological shortcomings while solving outstanding problems in cosmology. Depending on the symmetries of the scalar potential, such extensions may provide a viable candidate for the observed relic density of cold dark matter or a strong first order electroweak phase transition needed for electroweak baryogenesis. Using the simplest extension of the SM scalar sector with one real singlet field, we analyze the generic implications of a singlet-extended scalar sector for Higgs boson phenomenology at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Read More

We present a new observable sensitive to a certain combination of CP violating phases in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, viz. a triple product of momenta in the cascade decay of a heavy squark via an on-shell neutralino and off-shell slepton. We investigate the regions of parameter space in which the signal is strong enough to be detectable at the LHC with $\sim \bigl(10^2-10^3\bigr)/\sin^2(2\Delta\phi)$ identified events, where $\Delta\phi$ is a certain combination of phases in the MSSM presented in the text. Read More

We investigate the correlated predictions of singlet extended MSSM models for direct detection of the lightest neutralino with its cosmological relic density. To illustrate the general effects of the singlet, we take heavy sleptons and squarks. We apply LEP, $(g-2)_\mu$ and perturbativity constraints. Read More

Supersymmetry is one of the best motivated possibilities for new physics at the TeV scale. However, both concrete string constructions and phenomenological considerations suggest the possibility that the physics at the TeV scale could be more complicated than the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), e.g. Read More

We systematically construct two kinds of models with canonical gauge coupling unification and universal high-scale supersymmetry breaking. In the first we introduce standard vector-like particles while in the second we also include non-standard vector-like particles. We require that the gauge coupling unification scale is from 5 x 10^{15} GeV to the Planck scale, that the universal supersymmetry breaking scale is from 10 TeV to the unification scale, and that the masses of the vector-like particles (M_V) are universal and in the range from 200 GeV to 1 TeV. Read More