P. L. Chen

P. L. Chen

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P. L. Chen
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Physics - Materials Science (8)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (5)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (5)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (5)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (3)
 
Quantum Physics (3)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (2)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (2)
 
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2)
 
Physics - Optics (2)
 
Nuclear Theory (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1)

Publications Authored By P. L. Chen

Multicomponent nanoparticles can be synthesized with either homogeneous or phase-segregated architectures depending on the synthesis conditions and elements incorporated. To understand the parameters that determine their structural fate, multicomponent metal-oxide nanoparticles consisting of combinations of Co, Ni, and Cu were synthesized via scanning probe block copolymer lithography and characterized using correlated electron microscopy. These studies revealed that the miscibility, ratio of the metallic components, and the synthesis temperature determine the crystal structure and architecture of the nanoparticles. Read More

We derive the spectral decomposition of the Lippmann-Schwinger equation for electrodynamics, obtaining the fields as a sum of eigenmodes. The method is applied to cylindrical geometries. Read More

The nanodomain pattern in ferroelectric/dielectric superlattices transforms to a uniform polarization state under above-bandgap optical excitation. X-ray scattering reveals a disappearance of domain diffuse scattering and an expansion of the lattice. The reappearance of the domain pattern occurs over a period of seconds at room temperature, suggesting a transformation mechanism in which charge carriers in long-lived trap states screen the depolarization field. Read More

Let $\L$ be a Schr\"odinger operator of the form $\L=-\Delta+V$ acting on $L^2(\mathbb R^n)$, $n\geq3$, where the nonnegative potential $V$ belongs to the reverse H\"older class $B_q$ for some $q\geq n.$ Let ${\rm BMO}_{{\mathcal{L}}}(\RR)$ denote the BMO space associated to the Schr\"odinger operator $\L$ on $\RR$. In this article we show that for every $f\in {\rm BMO}_{\mathcal{L}}(\RR)$ with compact support, then there exist $g\in L^{\infty}(\RR)$ and a finite Carleson measure $\mu$ such that $$ f(x)=g(x) + S_{\mu, {\mathcal P}}(x) $$ with $\|g\|_{\infty} +\||\mu\||_{c}\leq C \|f\|_{{\rm BMO}_{\mathcal{L}}(\RR)},$ where $$ S_{\mu, {\mathcal P}}=\int_{{\mathbb R}^{n+1}_+} {\mathcal P}_t(x,y) d\mu(y, t), $$ and ${\mathcal P}_t(x,y)$ is the kernel of the Poisson semigroup $\{e^{-t\sqrt{\L}}\}_{t> 0} $ on $L^2(\mathbb R^n)$. Read More

Previously we identified a new class of early galaxy that we estimate contributes up to 30% of the ionizing photons responsible for reionization. These are low mass halos in the range $M_{\rm halo} =10^{6.5}-10^{8} M_{\odot}$ that have been chemically enriched by supernova ejecta from prior Pop III star formation. Read More

We investigate the entanglement entropy and the information flow of two-dimensional moving mirrors. Here we point out that various mirror trajectories can help to mimic different candidate resolutions to the information loss paradox following the semi-classical quantum field theory: (i) a suddenly stopping mirror corresponds to the assertion that all information is attached to the last burst, (ii) a slowly stopping mirror corresponds to the assertion that thermal Hawking radiation carries information, and (iii) a long propagating mirror corresponds to the remnant scenario. Based on such analogy, we find that the last burst of a black hole cannot contain enough information, while slowly emitting radiation can restore unitarity. Read More

2017Apr
Authors: BESIII collaboration, M. Ablikim, M. N. Achasov, S. Ahmed, O. Albayrak, M. Albrecht, M. Alekseev, A. Amoroso, F. F. An, Q. An, J. Z. Bai, O. Bakina, R. Baldini Ferroli, Y. Ban, D. W. Bennett, J. V. Bennett, N. Berger, M. Bertani, D. Bettoni, J. M. Bian, F. Bianchi, E. Boger, I. Boyko, R. A. Briere, H. Cai, X. Cai, O. Cakir, A. Calcaterra, G. F. Cao, S. A. Cetin, J. Chai, J. F. Chang, G. Chelkov, G. Chen, H. S. Chen, J. C. Chen, M. L. Chen, P. L. Chen, S. J. Chen, X. R. Chen, Y. B. Chen, X. K. Chu, G. Cibinetto, H. L. Dai, J. P. Dai, A. Dbeyssi, D. Dedovich, Z. Y. Deng, A. Denig, I. Denysenko, M. Destefanis, F. DeMori, Y. Ding, C. Dong, J. Dong, L. Y. Dong, M. Y. Dong, O. Dorjkhaidav, Z. L. Dou, S. X. Du, P. F. Duan, J. Fang, S. S. Fang, X. Fang, Y. Fang, R. Farinelli, L. Fava, S. Fegan, F. Feldbauer, G. Felici, C. Q. Feng, E. Fioravanti, M. Fritsch, C. D. Fu, Gao, Q. Gao, X. L. Gao, Y. Gao, Z. Gao, I. Garzia, K. Goetzen, L. Gong, W. X. Gong, W. Gradl, M. Greco, M. H. Gu, S. Gu, Y. T. Gu, A. Q. Guo, L. B. Guo, R. P. Guo, Y. P. Guo, Z. Haddadi, A. Hafner, S. Han, X. Q. Hao, F. A. Harris, K. L. He, X. Q. He, F. H. Heinsius, T. Held, Y. K. Heng, T. Holtmann, Z. L. Hou, C. Hu, H. M. Hu, T. Hu, Y. Hu, G. S. Huang, J. S. Huang, X. T. Huang, X. Z. Huang, Z. L. Huang, T. Hussain, W. Ikegami Andersson, Q. Ji, Q. P. Ji, X. B. Ji, X. L. Ji, X. S. Jiang, X. Y. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, Z. Jiao, D. P. Jin, S. Jin, T. Johansson, A. Julin, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X. L. Kang, X. S. Kang, M. Kavatsyuk, B. C. Ke, Tabassum KhanKhan, P. Kiese, R. Kliemt, B. Kloss, L. K. Koch, O. B. Kolcu, B. Kopf, M. Kornicer, M. Kuemmel, M. Kuhlmann, A. Kupsc, W. Kühn, J. S. Lange, M. Lara, P. Larin, L. Lavezzi, H. Leithoff, C. Leng, C. Li, ChengLi, D. M. Li, F. Li, F. Y. Li, G. Li, H. B. Li, H. J. Li, J. C. Li, JinLi, K. Li, K. Li, LeiLi, P. L. Li, P. R. Li, Q. Y. Li, T. Li, W. D. Li, W. G. Li, X. L. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, Y. F. Liang, Y. T. Liang, G. R. Liao, D. X. Lin, B. Liu, B. J. Liu, C. X. Liu, D. Liu, F. H. Liu, FangLiu, FengLiu, H. B. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. M. Liu, J. B. Liu, J. P. Liu, J. Y. Liu, K. Liu, K. Y. Liu, KeLiu, L. D. Liu, P. L. Liu, Q. Liu, S. B. Liu, X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, Y. Y. Liu, Z. A. Liu, ZhiqingLiu, Y. F. Long, X. C. Lou, H. J. Lu, J. G. Lu, Y. Lu, Y. P. Lu, C. L. Luo, M. X. Luo, T. Luo, X. L. Luo, X. R. Lyu, F. C. Ma, H. L. Ma, L. L. Ma, M. M. Ma, Q. M. Ma, T. Ma, X. N. Ma, X. Y. Ma, Y. M. Ma, F. E. Maas, M. Maggiora, Q. A. Malik, Y. J. Mao, Z. P. Mao, S. Marcello, J. G. Messchendorp, G. Mezzadri, J. Min, T. J. Min, R. E. Mitchell, X. H. Mo, Y. J. Mo, C. Morales Morales, G. Morello, N. Yu. Muchnoi, H. Muramatsu, P. Musiol, A. Mustafa, Y. Nefedov, F. Nerling, I. B. Nikolaev, Z. Ning, S. Nisar, S. L. Niu, X. Y. Niu, S. L. Olsen, Q. Ouyang, S. Pacetti, Y. Pan, P. Patteri, M. Pelizaeus, J. Pellegrino, H. P. Peng, K. Peters, J. Pettersson, J. L. Ping, R. G. Ping, R. Poling, V. Prasad, H. R. Qi, M. Qi, S. Qian, C. F. Qiao, J. J. Qin, N. Qin, X. S. Qin, Z. H. Qin, J. F. Qiu, K. H. Rashid, C. F. Redmer, M. Richter, M. Ripka, G. Rong, Ch. Rosner, X. D. Ruan, A. Sarantsev, M. Savrié, C. Schnier, K. Schoenning, W. Shan, M. Shao, C. P. Shen, P. X. Shen, X. Y. Shen, H. Y. Sheng, J. J. Song, X. Y. Song, S. Sosio, C. Sowa, S. Spataro, G. X. Sun, J. F. Sun, S. S. Sun, X. H. Sun, Y. J. Sun, Y. KSun, Y. Z. Sun, Z. J. Sun, Z. T. Sun, C. J. Tang, X. Tang, I. Tapan, M. Tiemens, TsTsednee, I. Uman, G. S. Varner, B. Wang, B. L. Wang, D. Wang, D. Y. Wang, DanWang, K. Wang, L. L. Wang, L. S. Wang, M. Wang, P. Wang, P. L. Wang, W. P. Wang, X. F. Wang, Y. D. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. G. Wang, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, T. Weber, D. H. Wei, P. Weidenkaff, S. P. Wen, U. Wiedner, M. Wolke, L. H. Wu, L. J. Wu, Z. Wu, L. Xia, Y. Xia, D. Xiao, Y. J. Xiao, Z. J. Xiao, Y. G. Xie, YuehongXie, X. A. Xiong, Q. L. Xiu, G. F. Xu, J. J. Xu, L. Xu, Q. J. Xu, Q. N. Xu, X. P. Xu, L. Yan, W. B. Yan, W. C. Yan, Y. H. Yan, H. J. Yang, H. X. Yang, L. Yang, Y. H. Yang, Y. X. Yang, M. Ye, M. H. Ye, J. H. Yin, Z. Y. You, B. X. Yu, C. X. Yu, J. S. Yu, C. Z. Yuan, Y. Yuan, A. Yuncu, A. A. Zafar, Y. Zeng, Z. Zeng, B. X. Zhang, B. Y. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, D. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, H. Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, J. Y. Zhang, J. Z. Zhang, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, S. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. T. Zhang, YuZhang, Z. H. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, G. Zhao, J. W. Zhao, J. Y. Zhao, J. Z. Zhao, LeiZhao, LingZhao, M. G. Zhao, Q. Zhao, S. J. Zhao, T. C. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, Z. G. Zhao, A. Zhemchugov, B. Zheng, J. P. Zheng, W. J. Zheng, Y. H. Zheng, B. Zhong, L. Zhou, X. Zhou, X. K. Zhou, X. R. Zhou, X. Y. Zhou, Y. X. Zhou, K. Zhu, K. J. Zhu, S. Zhu, S. H. Zhu, X. L. Zhu, Y. C. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. A. Zhu, J. Zhuang, L. Zotti, B. S. Zou, J. H. Zou

We observe for the first time the process $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow \eta h_c$ with data collected by the BESIII experiment. Significant signals are observed at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=4.226$ GeV, and the Born cross section is measured to be $(9. Read More

The structural, magnetic, and electronic properties of (STO)$_4$/(YTO)$_2$ superlattice consisting of Mott insulator YTiO$_3$ (YTO) and band insulator SrTiO$_3$ (STO) under strain are investigated by the density-functional-theory plus \emph{U} method. It is found that an insulator-metal transition occurs when a compressive strain of 0.2\% is applied. Read More

In order to understand the nature of the accelerating expansion of the late-time universe, it is important to experimentally determine whether dark energy is cosmological constant or dynamical in nature. If dark energy already exists prior to inflation, which is a reasonable assumption, then one expects that a dynamical dark energy would leave some footprint in the anisotropy of the late-time accelerated expansion. We invoke the quintessence field, one of the simplest dynamical dark energy models, to investigate the effects of its quantum fluctuations (fully correlated with curvature perturbations) during inflation and estimate the anisotropy of the cosmic expansion so induced. Read More

Many Natural Language Processing and Computational Linguistics applications involves the generation of new texts based on some existing texts, such as summarization, text simplification and machine translation. However, there has been a serious problem haunting these applications for decades, that is, how to automatically and accurately assess quality of these applications. In this paper, we will present some preliminary results on one especially useful and challenging problem in NLP system evaluation: how to pinpoint content differences of two text passages (especially for large pas-sages such as articles and books). Read More

We consider the problem of accelerating distributed optimization in multi-agent networks by sequentially adding edges. Specifically, we extend the distributed dual averaging (DDA) subgradient algorithm to evolving networks of growing connectivity and analyze the corresponding improvement in convergence rate. It is known that the convergence rate of DDA is influenced by the algebraic connectivity of the underlying network, where better connectivity leads to faster convergence. Read More

We investigate thermal activation of thin-shells around anti-de Sitter black holes. Under the thin-shell approximation, we extensively study the parameter region that allows a bubble nucleation bounded by a thin-shell out of a thermal bath. We show that in general if one fixes the temperature outside the shell, one needs to consider the presence of a conical deficit inside the shell in the Euclidean manifold, due to the lack of solutions with a smooth manifold. Read More

Ferroelectric and electronic properties in two-dimensional material BiN with black phosphorene analogs structure has been studied with the help of density functional theory and modern Berry phase ferroelectric method. Both our zero K phonon spectrum and ab-initial molecular dynamics simulations indicate that BiN is a room temperature stable 2D ferroelectric with polarization as large as 580 pC/m. The stacked layered BiN can process polarization of 88. Read More

We investigate the nonclassicality of an open quantum system using Leggett-Garg inequality (LGI) which test the correlations of a single system measured at different times. Violation of LGI implies nonclassical behavior of the open system. We investigate the violation of the Leggett-Garg inequality for a two level system (qubit) spontaneously decaying under a general non-Markovian dissipative environment. Read More

Precise (sub-meter level) real-time navigation using a space-capable single-frequency global positioning system (GPS) receiver and ultra-rapid (real-time) ephemerides from the international global navigation satellite systems service is proposed for low-Earth-orbiting (LEO) satellites. The C/A code and L1 carrier phase measurements are combined and single-differenced to eliminate first-order ionospheric effects and receiver clock offsets. A random-walk process is employed to model the phase ambiguities in order to absorb the time-varying and satellite-specific higher-order measurement errors as well as the GPS clock correction errors. Read More

This catalog summarizes information for all supernovae discovered by the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN) and all other bright ($m_{peak}\leq17$), spectroscopically confirmed supernovae discovered in 2016. We then gather the near-IR through UV magnitudes of all host galaxies and the offsets of the supernovae from the centers of their hosts from public databases. We illustrate the results using a sample that now totals 668 supernovae discovered since 2014 May 1, including the supernovae from our previous catalogs, with type distributions closely matching those of the ideal magnitude limited sample from Li et al. Read More

We present the ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopic evolution of a tidal disruption event (TDE) for the first time. After the discovery of the nearby TDE iPTF16fnl, we obtained a series of observations with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The dominant emission features closely resemble those seen in the UV spectra of the TDE ASASSN-14li and are also similar to those of N-rich quasars. Read More

Accelerometer measurements are the prime type of sensor information most think of when seeking to measure physical activity. On the market, there are many fitness measuring devices which aim to track calories burned and steps counted through the use of accelerometers. These measurements, though good enough for the average consumer, are noisy and unreliable in terms of the precision of measurement needed in a scientific setting. Read More

By far cosmology is one of the most exciting subject to study, even more so with the current bulk of observations we have at hand. These observations might indicate different kinds of doomsdays, if dark energy follows certain patterns. Two of these doomsdays are the Little Rip (LR) and Little Sibling of the Big Rip (LSBR). Read More

The electronic, magnetic, and topological properties of CoBr2 monolayer are studied in the frame-work of the density-functional theory (DFT) combined with tight-binding (TB) modeling in terms of Wannier basis. Our DFT investigation and Monte Carlo simulation show that there exists intrinsic two-dimensional ferromagnetism in the CoBr2 monolayer thanks to large out-of-plane magnetocrystalline anisotropic energy. Our further study shows that the spin-orbits coupling makes it become a topologically nontrivial insulator with quantum anomalous Hall effect and topological Chern number C=4, and its edge states can be manipulated by changing the width of its nanoribbons and applying strains. Read More

Three-dimensional (3D) topological Dirac semimetals (TDSs) are rare but important as a versatile platform for exploring exotic electronic properties and topological phase transitions. A quintessential feature of TDSs is 3D Dirac fermions associated with bulk electronic states near the Fermi level. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), we have observed such bulk Dirac cones in epitaxially-grown {\alpha}-Sn films on InSb(111), the first such TDS system realized in an elemental form. Read More

The large-amplitude longitudinal oscillations of solar filaments have been observed and explored for more than ten years. Previous studies are mainly based on the one-dimensional rigid flux tube model with a single magnetic dip. However, it is noticed that there might be two magnetic dips, and hence two threads, along one magnetic field line. Read More

The various types of communication technologies and mobility features in Internet of Things (IoT) on the one hand enable fruitful and attractive applications, but on the other hand facilitates malware propagation, thereby raising new challenges on handling IoT-empowered malware for cyber security. Comparing with the malware propagation control scheme in traditional wireless networks where nodes can be directly repaired and secured, in IoT, compromised end devices are difficult to be patched. Alternatively, blocking malware via patching intermediate nodes turns out to be a more feasible and practical solution. Read More

Light with transverse polarization structure, such as radial and azimuthal polarization, enables and revives lots of applications based on light-matter interaction due to their unique focal properties. To date, studies referring to this topic mainly concentrate in weak-light domain, yet it should have gained more attention in strong-light domain. A main factor contributing to the current situation is that the generation devices cannot afford high power. Read More

While we once thought of cancer as single monolithic diseases affecting a specific organ site, we now understand that there are many subtypes of cancer defined by unique patterns of gene mutations. These gene mutational data, which can be more reliably obtained than gene expression data, help to determine how the subtypes develop, evolve, and respond to therapies. Different from dense continuous-value gene expression data, which most existing cancer subtype discovery algorithms use, somatic mutational data are extremely sparse and heterogeneous, because there are less than 0. Read More

Recent advances in deep learning, especially deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs), have led to significant improvement over previous semantic segmentation systems. Here we show how to improve pixel-wise semantic segmentation by manipulating convolution-related operations that are better for practical use. First, we implement dense upsampling convolution (DUC) to generate pixel-level prediction, which is able to capture and decode more detailed information that is generally missing in bilinear upsampling. Read More

By developing a molecular dynamics model of bacterial chemotaxis, we present the first investigation of tracer statistics in bacterial suspensions where chemotactic effects are considered. We demonstrate that the non-Gaussian statistics of full-coated tracer arises from the athermal bacterial noise. Moreover, Janus (half-coated) tracer performs a composite random walk combining power-law-tail distributed L\'{e}vy flights with Brownian jiggling at low coating concentration, but turns to an enhanced directional transport (EDT) when coating concentration is high. Read More

Autonomous orbit determination via integration of epoch-differenced gravity gradients and starlight refraction is proposed in this paper for low-Earth-orbiting satellites operating in GPS-denied environments. The starlight refrac-tion can compensate for the significant along-track position error using solely gravity gradients and benefit from the integration in view of accuracy improvement in radial and cross-track position estimates. The between-epoch dif-ferencing of gravity gradients is employed to eliminate slowly varying measurement biases and noises near the orbit revolution frequency. Read More

2017Feb
Authors: The Belle Collaboration, A. Abdesselam, I. Adachi, K. Adamczyk, H. Aihara, S. Al Said, K. Arinstein, Y. Arita, D. M. Asner, T. Aso, H. Atmacan, V. Aulchenko, T. Aushev, R. Ayad, T. Aziz, V. Babu, I. Badhrees, S. Bahinipati, A. M. Bakich, A. Bala, Y. Ban, V. Bansal, E. Barberio, M. Barrett, W. Bartel, A. Bay, P. Behera, M. Belhorn, K. Belous, M. Berger, F. U. Bernlochner, D. Besson, V. Bhardwaj, B. Bhuyan, J. Biswal, T. Bloomfield, S. Blyth, A. Bobrov, A. Bondar, G. Bonvicini, C. Bookwalter, C. Boulahouache, A. Bozek, M. Bračko, N. Braun, F. Breibeck, J. Brodzicka, T. E. Browder, E. Waheed, D. Červenkov, M. -C. Chang, P. Chang, Y. Chao, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, K. -F. Chen, P. Chen, B. G. Cheon, K. Chilikin, R. Chistov, K. Cho, V. Chobanova, S. -K. Choi, Y. Choi, D. Cinabro, J. Crnkovic, J. Dalseno, M. Danilov, N. Dash, S. Di Carlo, J. Dingfelder, Z. Doležal, D. Dossett, Z. Drásal, A. Drutskoy, S. Dubey, D. Dutta, K. Dutta, S. Eidelman, D. Epifanov, S. Falke, H. Farhat, J. E. Fast, M. Feindt, T. Ferber, A. Frey, O. Frost, B. G. Fulsom, V. Gaur, N. Gabyshev, S. Ganguly, A. Garmash, M. Gelb, J. Gemmler, D. Getzkow, R. Gillard, F. Giordano, R. Glattauer, Y. M. Goh, P. Goldenzweig, B. Golob, D. Greenwald, M. Grosse Perdekamp, J. Grygier, O. Grzymkowska, Y. Guan, E. Guido, H. Guo, J. Haba, P. Hamer, Y. L. Han, K. Hara, T. Hara, Y. Hasegawa, J. Hasenbusch, K. Hayasaka, H. Hayashii, X. H. He, M. Heck, M. T. Hedges, D. Heffernan, M. Heider, A. Heller, T. Higuchi, S. Himori, S. Hirose, T. Horiguchi, Y. Hoshi, K. Hoshina, W. -S. Hou, Y. B. Hsiung, C. -L. Hsu, M. Huschle, H. J. Hyun, Y. Igarashi, T. Iijima, M. Imamura, K. Inami, G. Inguglia, A. Ishikawa, K. Itagaki, R. Itoh, M. Iwabuchi, M. Iwasaki, Y. Iwasaki, S. Iwata, W. W. Jacobs, I. Jaegle, H. B. Jeon, S. Jia, Y. Jin, D. Joffe, M. Jones, K. K. Joo, T. Julius, J. Kahn, H. Kakuno, A. B. Kaliyar, J. H. Kang, K. H. Kang, P. Kapusta, G. Karyan, S. U. Kataoka, E. Kato, Y. Kato, P. Katrenko, H. Kawai, T. Kawasaki, T. Keck, H. Kichimi, C. Kiesling, B. H. Kim, D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kim, H. -J. Kim, J. B. Kim, J. H. Kim, K. T. Kim, M. J. Kim, S. H. Kim, S. K. Kim, Y. J. Kim, K. Kinoshita, C. Kleinwort, J. Klucar, B. R. Ko, N. Kobayashi, S. Koblitz, P. Kodyš, Y. Koga, S. Korpar, D. Kotchetkov, R. T. Kouzes, P. Križan, P. Krokovny, B. Kronenbitter, T. Kuhr, R. Kulasiri, R. Kumar, T. Kumita, E. Kurihara, Y. Kuroki, A. Kuzmin, P. Kvasnička, Y. -J. Kwon, Y. -T. Lai, J. S. Lange, D. H. Lee, I. S. Lee, S. -H. Lee, M. Leitgab, R. Leitner, D. Levit, P. Lewis, C. H. Li, H. Li, J. Li, L. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, L. Li Gioi, J. Libby, A. Limosani, C. Liu, Y. Liu, Z. Q. Liu, D. Liventsev, A. Loos, R. Louvot, M. Lubej, P. Lukin, T. Luo, J. MacNaughton, M. Masuda, T. Matsuda, D. Matvienko, A. Matyja, F. Metzner, S. McOnie, Y. Mikami, K. Miyabayashi, Y. Miyachi, H. Miyake, H. Miyata, Y. Miyazaki, R. Mizuk, G. B. Mohanty, S. Mohanty, D. Mohapatra, A. Moll, H. K. Moon, T. Mori, T. Morii, H. -G. Moser, M. Mrvar, T. Müller, N. Muramatsu, R. Mussa, T. Nagamine, Y. Nagasaka, Y. Nakahama, I. Nakamura, K. R. Nakamura, E. Nakano, H. Nakano, T. Nakano, M. Nakao, H. Nakayama, H. Nakazawa, T. Nanut, K. J. Nath, Z. Natkaniec, M. Nayak, E. Nedelkovska, K. Negishi, K. Neichi, C. Ng, C. Niebuhr, M. Niiyama, N. K. Nisar, S. Nishida, K. Nishimura, O. Nitoh, T. Nozaki, A. Ogawa, S. Ogawa, T. Ohshima, S. Okuno, S. L. Olsen, H. Ono, Y. Ono, Y. Onuki, W. Ostrowicz, C. Oswald, H. Ozaki, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, B. Pal, H. Palka, E. Panzenböck, C. -S. Park, C. W. Park, H. Park, K. S. Park, S. Paul, L. S. Peak, T. K. Pedlar, T. Peng, L. Pesántez, R. Pestotnik, M. Peters, M. Petrič, L. E. Piilonen, A. Poluektov, K. Prasanth, M. Prim, K. Prothmann, C. Pulvermacher, M. V. Purohit, J. Rauch, B. Reisert, E. Ribežl, M. Ritter, J. Rorie, A. Rostomyan, M. Rozanska, S. Rummel, S. Ryu, H. Sahoo, M. Salehi, T. Saito, K. Sakai, Y. Sakai, S. Sandilya, D. Santel, L. Santelj, T. Sanuki, J. Sasaki, N. Sasao, Y. Sato, V. Savinov, T. Schlüter, O. Schneider, G. Schnell, P. Schönmeier, M. Schram, C. Schwanda, A. J. Schwartz, B. Schwenker, R. Seidl, Y. Seino, D. Semmler, K. Senyo, O. Seon, I. S. Seong, M. E. Sevior, L. Shang, M. Shapkin, V. Shebalin, C. P. Shen, T. -A. Shibata, H. Shibuya, N. Shimizu, S. Shinomiya, J. -G. Shiu, B. Shwartz, A. Sibidanov, F. Simon, J. B. Singh, R. Sinha, P. Smerkol, Y. -S. Sohn, A. Sokolov, Y. Soloviev, E. Solovieva, S. Stanič, M. Starič, M. Steder, J. F. Strube, J. Stypula, S. Sugihara, A. Sugiyama, M. Sumihama, K. Sumisawa, T. Sumiyoshi, K. Suzuki, K. Suzuki, S. Suzuki, S. Y. Suzuki, Z. Suzuki, H. Takeichi, M. Takizawa, U. Tamponi, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, K. Tanida, N. Taniguchi, G. N. Taylor, F. Tenchini, Y. Teramoto, I. Tikhomirov, K. Trabelsi, V. Trusov, T. Tsuboyama, M. Uchida, T. Uchida, S. Uehara, K. Ueno, T. Uglov, Y. Unno, S. Uno, S. Uozumi, P. Urquijo, Y. Ushiroda, Y. Usov, S. E. Vahsen, C. Van Hulse, P. Vanhoefer, G. Varner, K. E. Varvell, K. Vervink, A. Vinokurova, V. Vorobyev, A. Vossen, M. N. Wagner, E. Waheed, B. Wang, C. H. Wang, J. Wang, M. -Z. Wang, P. Wang, X. L. Wang, M. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, R. Wedd, S. Wehle, E. White, E. Widmann, J. Wiechczynski, K. M. Williams, E. Won, B. D. Yabsley, S. Yamada, H. Yamamoto, J. Yamaoka, Y. Yamashita, M. Yamauchi, S. Yashchenko, H. Ye, J. Yelton, Y. Yook, C. Z. Yuan, Y. Yusa, C. C. Zhang, L. M. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, L. Zhao, V. Zhilich, V. Zhukova, V. Zhulanov, M. Ziegler, T. Zivko, A. Zupanc, N. Zwahlen

The precise determination of the CKM matrix element $\left| V_{cb}\right|$ is important for carrying out tests of the flavour sector of the Standard Model. In this article we present a preliminary analysis of the $\bar B^0 \to D^{*\,+} \, \ell^- \, \bar \nu_\ell$ decay mode and its charge conjugate, selected in events that contain a fully reconstructed $B$-meson, using 772 million $e^+ \, e^- \to \Upsilon(4S) \to B \bar B$ events recorded by the Belle detector at KEKB. Unfolded differential decay rates of four kinematic variables fully describing the $\bar B^0 \to D^{*\,+} \, \ell^- \, \bar \nu_\ell$ decay in the $B$-meson rest frame are presented. Read More

Let $S^r(n)$ be the $r$-graph on $n$ vertices with parts $A$ and $B$, where the edges consist of all $r$-tuples with $1$ vertex in $A$ and $r-1$ vertices in $B$, and the sizes of $A$ and $B$ are chosen to maximise the number of edges. Let $M_t^r$ be the $r$-graph with $t$ pairwise disjoint edges. Given an $r$-graph $F$ and a positive integer $p\geq |V(F)|$, we define the {\em extension} of $F$, denoted by $H_{p}^{F}$ as follows: Label the vertices of $F$ as $v_1,\dots,v_{|V(F)|}$. Read More

It is important to study the fine structures of solar filaments with high-resolution observations since it can help us understand the magnetic and thermal structures of the filaments and their dynamics. In this paper, we study a newly-formed filament located inside the active region NOAA 11762, which was observed by the 1.6 m New Solar Telescope (NST) at Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) from 16:40:19 UT to 17:07:58 UT on 2013 June 5. Read More

A novel instantaneous GNSS ambiguity resolution approach which makes use of only single-frequency carrier phase measurements for ultra-short baseline attitude determination is proposed. The Monte Carlo sampling method is employed to obtain the probability density function of ambiguities from a quaternion-based GNSS-attitude model and the LAMBDA method strengthened with a screening mechanism is then utilized to fix the integer values. Experimental results show that 100% success rate could be achieved for ultra-short baselines. Read More

Solar filaments can be formed via chromospheric evaporation followed by condensation in the corona or by the direct injection of cool plasma from the chromosphere to the corona. In this paper, with high-resolution H$\alpha$ data observed by the 1.6 m New Solar Telescope of the Big Bear Solar Observatory on 2015 August 21, we confirmed that an active-region filament is maintained by the continuous injection of cold chromospheric plasma. Read More

Transport surrounding is full of all kinds of fields, like particle potential, external potential. Under these conditions, how elements work and how position and momentum redistribute in the diffusion? For enriching the Fick law in ordinary, nonequilibrium statistics physics need to be used to disintegrate the complex process. This study attempts to discuss the particle transport in the one-dimensional channel under external potential fields. Read More

BiFeO$_3$ is the most famous multiferroic material, but it has no strong spontaneous magnetization due to its antiferromagnetism. Here we show that giant ferroelectric polarization and strong spontaneous magnetization can be both realized in double perovskite Bi$_2$FeMoO$_6$ with R3 (\#146) space group based on BiFeO$_3$. Our first-principles phonon spectra establishes that this multiferroic R3 phase is stable. Read More

This paper investigates a class of multi-player discrete games where each player aims to maximize its own utility function. Two particular challenges are considered. Firstly, each player is unaware of the structure of its utility function and the actions of other players, but is able to access the corresponding utility value given an action profile. Read More

This paper proposes a chaotic map-based multicast scheme for multiuser speech wireless communication and implements it in an ARM platform. The scheme compresses the digital audio signal decoded by a sound card and then encrypts it with a three-level chaotic encryption scheme. First, the position of every bit of the compressed data is permuted randomly with a pseudo-random number sequence (PRNS) generated by a 6-D chaotic map. Read More

It has been revealed that the magnetic topology in the solar atmosphere displays hemispheric preference, i.e., negative/positive helicity in the northern/southern hemisphere, respectively. Read More

In this work, we investigate $O(4)$-symmetric instantons within the Eddington-inspired-Born-Infeld gravity theory (EiBI). We discuss the regular Hawking-Moss instanton and find that the tunneling rate reduces to the General Relativity (GR) value, even though the action value is different by a constant. We give a thorough analysis of the singular Vilenkin instanton and the Hawking-Turok instanton with a quadratic scalar field potential in the EiBI theory. Read More

Within the framework of the dinuclear system model, production cross sections of proton-rich nuclei with charged numbers of Z=84-90 are investigated systematically. Possible combinations with the $^{28}$Si, $^{32}$S, $^{40}$Ar bombarding the target nuclides $^{165}$Ho, $^{169}$Tm, $^{170-174}$Yb, $^{175,176}$Lu, $^{174,176-180}$Hf and $^{181}$Ta are analyzed thoroughly. The optimal excitation energies and evaporation channels are proposed to produce the proton-rich nuclei. Read More

Kibble-Zurek Mechanism (KZM) is applied broadly on the cosmology and condensed matter field to analyze topological defects. However, it is just mainly used to deal with the defects formed in linear and global quenching conditions, which greatly limits its application field. There is blank in nonlinear or local quenching area for KZM. Read More

Within an isospin and momentum dependent transport model, the dynamics of isospin particles (nucleons and light clusters) in Fermi-energy heavy-ion collisions are investigated for constraining the isospin splitting of nucleon effective mass and the symmetry energy at subsaturation densities. The mass splitting of $m^{*}_{n}>m^{*}_{p}$ and $m^{*}_{n}Read More

We investigate Euclidean wormholes in Einstein gravity with a massless scalar field in de Sitter space. Euclidean wormholes are possible due to the analytic continuation of the time as well as complexification of fields, where we need to impose the classicality after the Wick-rotation to the Lorentzian signatures. For some parameters, wormholes are preferred than Hawking-Moss instantons, and hence wormholes can be more fundamental than Hawking-Moss type instantons. Read More

Electric-field (E-field) control of magnetism enabled by multiferroics has the potential to revolutionize the landscape of present memory devices plagued with high energy dissipation. To date, this E-field controlled multiferroic scheme at room temperature has only been demonstrated using BiFeO3 (BFO) films grown on DyScO3 (refs 1 and 2), a unique and expensive substrate, which gives rise to a particular ferroelectric domain pattern in BFO. Here, we demonstrate reversible E-field-induced switching of the magnetic state of the Co layer in Co/BFO (001) thin film heterostructures fabricated on SrTiO3 substrates. Read More

The formation and migration energies for various point defects, including vacancies and self-interstitials in aluminum are reinvestigated systematically using the supercell approximation in the framework of orbital-free density functional theory. In particular, the finite-size effects and the accuracy of various kinetic energy density functionals are examined.The calculated results suggest that the errors due to the finite-size effect decrease exponentially upon enlarging the supercell. Read More

2016Nov
Authors: The Belle Collaboration, A. Abdesselam, I. Adachi, K. Adamczyk, H. Aihara, S. Al Said, K. Arinstein, Y. Arita, D. M. Asner, T. Aso, H. Atmacan, V. Aulchenko, T. Aushev, R. Ayad, T. Aziz, V. Babu, I. Badhrees, S. Bahinipati, A. M. Bakich, A. Bala, Y. Ban, V. Bansal, E. Barberio, M. Barrett, W. Bartel, A. Bay, P. Behera, M. Belhorn, K. Belous, M. Berger, D. Besson, V. Bhardwaj, B. Bhuyan, J. Biswal, T. Bloomfield, S. Blyth, A. Bobrov, A. Bondar, G. Bonvicini, C. Bookwalter, C. Boulahouache, A. Bozek, M. Bračko, F. Breibeck, J. Brodzicka, T. E. Browder, E. Waheed, D. Červenkov, M. -C. Chang, P. Chang, Y. Chao, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, K. -F. Chen, P. Chen, B. G. Cheon, K. Chilikin, R. Chistov, K. Cho, V. Chobanova, S. -K. Choi, Y. Choi, D. Cinabro, J. Crnkovic, J. Dalseno, M. Danilov, N. Dash, S. Di Carlo, J. Dingfelder, Z. Doležal, D. Dossett, Z. Drásal, A. Drutskoy, S. Dubey, D. Dutta, K. Dutta, S. Eidelman, D. Epifanov, H. Farhat, J. E. Fast, M. Feindt, T. Ferber, A. Frey, O. Frost, B. G. Fulsom, V. Gaur, N. Gabyshev, S. Ganguly, A. Garmash, D. Getzkow, R. Gillard, F. Giordano, R. Glattauer, Y. M. Goh, P. Goldenzweig, B. Golob, D. Greenwald, M. Grosse Perdekamp, J. Grygier, O. Grzymkowska, Y. Guan, H. Guo, J. Haba, P. Hamer, Y. L. Han, K. Hara, T. Hara, Y. Hasegawa, J. Hasenbusch, K. Hayasaka, H. Hayashii, X. H. He, M. Heck, M. T. Hedges, D. Heffernan, M. Heider, A. Heller, T. Higuchi, S. Himori, S. Hirose, T. Horiguchi, Y. Hoshi, K. Hoshina, W. -S. Hou, Y. B. Hsiung, C. -L. Hsu, M. Huschle, H. J. Hyun, Y. Igarashi, T. Iijima, M. Imamura, K. Inami, G. Inguglia, A. Ishikawa, K. Itagaki, R. Itoh, M. Iwabuchi, M. Iwasaki, Y. Iwasaki, S. Iwata, W. W. Jacobs, I. Jaegle, H. B. Jeon, Y. Jin, D. Joffe, M. Jones, K. K. Joo, T. Julius, H. Kakuno, A. B. Kaliyar, J. H. Kang, K. H. Kang, P. Kapusta, S. U. Kataoka, E. Kato, Y. Kato, P. Katrenko, H. Kawai, T. Kawasaki, T. Keck, H. Kichimi, C. Kiesling, B. H. Kim, D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kim, H. -J. Kim, J. B. Kim, J. H. Kim, K. T. Kim, M. J. Kim, S. H. Kim, S. K. Kim, Y. J. Kim, K. Kinoshita, C. Kleinwort, J. Klucar, B. R. Ko, N. Kobayashi, S. Koblitz, P. Kodyš, Y. Koga, S. Korpar, D. Kotchetkov, R. T. Kouzes, P. Križan, P. Krokovny, B. Kronenbitter, T. Kuhr, R. Kulasiri, R. Kumar, T. Kumita, E. Kurihara, Y. Kuroki, A. Kuzmin, P. Kvasnička, Y. -J. Kwon, Y. -T. Lai, J. S. Lange, D. H. Lee, I. S. Lee, S. -H. Lee, M. Leitgab, R. Leitner, D. Levit, P. Lewis, C. H. Li, H. Li, J. Li, L. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, L. Li Gioi, J. Libby, A. Limosani, C. Liu, Y. Liu, Z. Q. Liu, D. Liventsev, A. Loos, R. Louvot, M. Lubej, P. Lukin, T. Luo, J. MacNaughton, M. Masuda, T. Matsuda, D. Matvienko, A. Matyja, S. McOnie, Y. Mikami, K. Miyabayashi, Y. Miyachi, H. Miyake, H. Miyata, Y. Miyazaki, R. Mizuk, G. B. Mohanty, S. Mohanty, D. Mohapatra, A. Moll, H. K. Moon, T. Mori, T. Morii, H. -G. Moser, T. Müller, N. Muramatsu, R. Mussa, T. Nagamine, Y. Nagasaka, Y. Nakahama, I. Nakamura, K. R. Nakamura, E. Nakano, H. Nakano, T. Nakano, M. Nakao, H. Nakayama, H. Nakazawa, T. Nanut, K. J. Nath, Z. Natkaniec, M. Nayak, E. Nedelkovska, K. Negishi, K. Neichi, C. Ng, C. Niebuhr, M. Niiyama, N. K. Nisar, S. Nishida, K. Nishimura, O. Nitoh, T. Nozaki, A. Ogawa, S. Ogawa, T. Ohshima, S. Okuno, S. L. Olsen, Y. Ono, Y. Onuki, W. Ostrowicz, C. Oswald, H. Ozaki, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, B. Pal, H. Palka, E. Panzenböck, C. -S. Park, C. W. Park, H. Park, K. S. Park, S. Paul, L. S. Peak, T. K. Pedlar, T. Peng, L. Pesántez, R. Pestotnik, M. Peters, M. Petrič, L. E. Piilonen, A. Poluektov, K. Prasanth, M. Prim, K. Prothmann, C. Pulvermacher, M. V. Purohit, J. Rauch, B. Reisert, E. Ribežl, M. Ritter, J. Rorie, A. Rostomyan, M. Rozanska, S. Rummel, S. Ryu, H. Sahoo, T. Saito, K. Sakai, Y. Sakai, S. Sandilya, D. Santel, L. Santelj, T. Sanuki, J. Sasaki, N. Sasao, Y. Sato, V. Savinov, T. Schlüter, O. Schneider, G. Schnell, P. Schönmeier, M. Schram, C. Schwanda, A. J. Schwartz, B. Schwenker, R. Seidl, Y. Seino, D. Semmler, K. Senyo, O. Seon, I. S. Seong, M. E. Sevior, L. Shang, M. Shapkin, V. Shebalin, C. P. Shen, T. -A. Shibata, H. Shibuya, N. Shimizu, S. Shinomiya, J. -G. Shiu, B. Shwartz, A. Sibidanov, F. Simon, J. B. Singh, R. Sinha, P. Smerkol, Y. -S. Sohn, A. Sokolov, Y. Soloviev, E. Solovieva, S. Stanič, M. Starič, M. Steder, J. F. Strube, J. Stypula, S. Sugihara, A. Sugiyama, M. Sumihama, K. Sumisawa, T. Sumiyoshi, K. Suzuki, K. Suzuki, S. Suzuki, S. Y. Suzuki, Z. Suzuki, H. Takeichi, M. Takizawa, U. Tamponi, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, K. Tanida, N. Taniguchi, G. N. Taylor, F. Tenchini, Y. Teramoto, I. Tikhomirov, K. Trabelsi, V. Trusov, T. Tsuboyama, M. Uchida, T. Uchida, S. Uehara, K. Ueno, T. Uglov, Y. Unno, S. Uno, S. Uozumi, P. Urquijo, Y. Ushiroda, Y. Usov, S. E. Vahsen, C. Van Hulse, P. Vanhoefer, G. Varner, K. E. Varvell, K. Vervink, A. Vinokurova, V. Vorobyev, A. Vossen, M. N. Wagner, E. Waheed, C. H. Wang, J. Wang, M. -Z. Wang, P. Wang, X. L. Wang, M. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, R. Wedd, S. Wehle, E. White, E. Widmann, J. Wiechczynski, K. M. Williams, E. Won, B. D. Yabsley, S. Yamada, H. Yamamoto, J. Yamaoka, Y. Yamashita, M. Yamauchi, S. Yashchenko, H. Ye, J. Yelton, Y. Yook, C. Z. Yuan, Y. Yusa, C. C. Zhang, L. M. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, L. Zhao, V. Zhilich, V. Zhukova, V. Zhulanov, M. Ziegler, T. Zivko, A. Zupanc, N. Zwahlen

We report the first observation of the polarization of $\Lambda/\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons transverse to its production plane in $e^+e^-$ annihilation. We observe a significant polarization that rises with the fractional energy carried by the hyperon as well as its transverse momentum. To define the production plane, we use the direction of the hyperon momentum together with either the thrust axis in the event or the momentum vector of a hadron in the opposite hemisphere. Read More

For almost 20 years the physical nature of globally propagating waves in the solar corona (commonly called "EIT waves") has been controversial and subject to debate. Additional theories have been proposed over the years to explain observations that did not fit with the originally proposed fast-mode wave interpretation. However, the incompatibility of observations made using the Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory with the fast-mode wave interpretation was challenged by differing viewpoints from the twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory spacecraft and higher spatial/temporal resolution data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Read More

In this paper, a new matrix-based characterization of generalized-frequency-division-multiplexing (GFDM) transmitter matrices is proposed, as opposed to traditional vector-based characterization with prototype filters. The characterization facilitates deriving properties of GFDM (transmitter) matrices, including conditions for GFDM matrices being nonsingular and unitary, respectively. Using the new characterization, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a form of low-complexity implementation for a minimum mean square error (MMSE) receiver are derived. Read More

Due to their low cost and low power consumption, single-frequency GPS receivers are considered suitable for low-cost space applications such as small satellite missions. Recently, requirements have emerged for real-time accurate orbit determination at sub-meter level in order to carry out onboard geocoding of high-resolution imagery, open-loop operation of altimeters and radio occultation. This study proposes an improved real-time kinematic positioning method for LEO satellites using single-frequency receivers. Read More