P. Kroll - Wuppertal Univ.

P. Kroll
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Name
P. Kroll
Affiliation
Wuppertal Univ.
City
Wuppertal
Country
Germany

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (40)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (6)
 
Nuclear Theory (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
Astrophysics (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By P. Kroll

This workshop aimed at producing an optimized photon source concept with potential increase of scientific output at Jefferson Lab, and at refining the science for hadron physics experiments benefitting from such a high-intensity photon source. The workshop brought together the communities directly using such sources for photo-production experiments, or for conversion into $K_L$ beams. The combination of high precision calorimetry and high intensity photon sources greatly enhances scientific benefit to (deep) exclusive processes like wide-angle and time-like Compton scattering. Read More

Wide-angle Compton scattering (WACS) is discussed within the handbag approach in which the amplitudes are given by products of hard subprocess amplitudes and form factors, specific to Compton scattering, which represent 1/x-moments of generalized parton distributions (GPDs). The quality of our present knowledge of these form factors and of the underlying GPDs is examined. As will be discussed in some detail the form factor R_A and the underlying GPD H-tilde are poorly known. Read More

Exclusive $\rho^0$-meson electroproduction is studied by the HERMES experiment, using the 27.6 GeV longitudinally polarized electron/positron beam of HERA and a transversely polarized hydrogen target, in the kinematic region 1.0 GeV$^2$Read More

In this talk it is reported on analyses of l p -> l pi+ n and pi- p -> l+ l- n within the handbag approach. It is argued that recent measurements of hard pion production performed by HERMES and CLAS clearly indicate the occurrence of strong contributions from transversely polarized photons. The gamma*T -> pi transitions are described by the transversity GPDs accompanied by twist-3 pion wave functions. Read More

The spin wave function of the f0(980)-meson is constructed under the assumption that the meson is dominantly a quark-antiquark state. This wave function is used in a calculation of the gamma* - f0 transition form factors. In the real-photon limit the results for the transverse form factor are compared to the large momentum transfer data measured by the BELLE collaboration recently. Read More

The F3 main sequence star KIC 8462852 (Boyajian's Star) showed deep (up to 20%) day-long brightness dips of unknown cause during the 4 years of the Kepler mission. A 0.164 mag (16%) dimming between 1890 and 1990 was claimed, based on the analysis of photographic plates from the Harvard Observatory. Read More

In this talk it is reported on an analysis of hard exclusive leptoproduction of pions within the handbag approach. It is argued that recent measurements of this process performed by HERMES and CLAS clearly indicate the occurrence of strong contributions from transversely polarized photons. Within the handbag approach such gamma*_T -> pi transitions are described by the transversity GPDs accompanied by twist-3 pion wave functions. Read More

Recent highlights from the HERA experiments, Hermes, H1 and ZEUS, are reviewed and ideas for future analyses to fully exploit this unique data set are proposed. This document is a summary of a workshop on future physics with HERA data held at DESY, Hamburg at the end of 2014. All areas of HERA physics are covered and contributions from both experimentalists and theorists are included. Read More

We review the status of the data and phenomenology in the Generalized Parton Distribution approach of Deep Virtual Meson Production. Read More

Based on previous studies of hard exclusive leptoproduction of pions in which the essential role of the pion pole and the transversity generalized parton distributions has been pointed out, we present predictions for the four partial cross sections of the exclusive Drell-Yan process, pi^-p -> l^-l^+n. Read More

Based on archive photographic photometry and recent CCD photometric data for red novae V4332 Sgr and V838 Mon, we established their stellar composition, exploded components, and the nature of explosions. Low temperature in the outburst maximum is due to quasi-adiabatic expansion of a massive stellar envelope after the central energy surge preceded the outburst. Read More

We investigate the reaction $ \pi^- p \rightarrow D^- \Lambda_{c}^{+} $ within the generalized parton picture. The process is described by a handbag-type mechanism with the charm-quark mass acting as the hard scale. As in the case of preceding work on $\bar{p} p \rightarrow \bar{\Lambda}^-_c \Lambda_{c}^{+} $ we argue that the process amplitude factorizes into one for the perturbatively calculable partonic subprocess $\bar{u} u\rightarrow \bar{c} c$ and hadronic matrix elements that can be parameterized in terms of generalized parton distributions. Read More

The analysis of exclusive meson leptoproduction (DVMP) within the handbag approach is reviewed and the parametrization of the generalized parton distributions (GPDs) is discussed in some detail with the main interest focused of the GPDs H and E. Applications of the GPDs extracted from DVMP to other hard exclusive processes as for instance deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) and an evaluation of Ji's sum rule are also presented. Read More

We performed digital processing of a large set of photographic plates for X-ray binary system V4641 Sgr containing a black hole. A total of 277 plates were found in archives dated between 1960 and 1992. Photographic observations revealed lower level of outburst activity if to compare with CCD data after the large 1999 outburst. Read More

Exploiting a set of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) derived from analyses of hard exclusive leptoproduction of rho0, phi and pi+ mesons, we investigate the omega spin density matrix elements (SDMEs) recently measured by the HERMES collaboration. It turns out from our study that the pion pole is an important contribution to omega production. It will be treated as a one-particle exchange since its evaluation from the GPD E-tilde considerably underestimates its contribution. Read More

We analyze the time-like processes gamma gamma -> B Bbar and p p-bar -> gamma M at large Mandelstam variables within the handbag approach for which the process amplitudes factorize in hard partonic subprocesses and annihilation form factor. The latter represent moments of baryon-antibaryon generalized parton distributions. Symmetry relations restrict the number of independent annihilation form factors for the ground state baryons drastically. Read More

We present the light curve of the old nova V603 Aql (Nova Aql 1918) from 1898-1918 and 1934-2013 using 22,721 archival magnitudes. All of our magnitudes are either in, or accurately transformed into, the Johnson $B$ and $V$ magnitude systems. This is vital because offsets in old sequences and the visual-to-$V$ transformation make for errors from 0. Read More

The role of transversity or helicity-flip generalized parton distributions (GPDs) in leptoproduction of vector mesons is investigated within the framework of the handbag approach. The transversity GPDs in combination with twist-3 meson wave functions, occur in the amplitudes for transitions from a transversely polarized virtual photon to a longitudinal polarized vector meson. The importance of the transversity GPDs can be examined in some of the spin density matrix elements and in transverse target spin asymmetries. Read More

The information about generalized parton distributions (GPDs) extracted from exclusive meson leptoproduction within the handbag approach is summarized. Details are only discussed for the GPD E and the transversity ones. It is also commented on results for deep virtual Compton scattering evaluated from these GPDs Read More

We extract the individual contributions from u and d quarks to the Dirac and Pauli form factors of the proton, after a critical examination of the available measurements of electromagnetic nucleon form factors. From this data we determine generalized parton distributions for valence quarks, assuming a particular form for their functional dependence. The result allows us to study various aspects of nucleon structure in the valence region. Read More

Studies of the structure of excited baryons are key to the N* program at Jefferson Lab. Within the first year of data taking with the Hall B CLAS12 detector following the 12 GeV upgrade, a dedicated experiment will aim to extract the N* electrocouplings at high photon virtualities Q2. This experiment will allow exploration of the structure of N* resonances at the highest photon virtualities ever yet achieved, with a kinematic reach up to Q2 = 12 GeV2. Read More

Generalized parton distributions (GPDs) extracted from exclusive meson leptoproduction within the handbag approach are briefly reviewed. Only the GPD E is discussed in some detail. Applications of these GPDs to virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) and to Ji's sum rule are also presented. Read More

We systematically evaluate observables for hard exclusive electroproduction of real photons and compare them to experiment using a set of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) whose parameters are constrained by Deeply Virtual Meson Production data, nucleon form factors and parton distributions. The Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering amplitudes are calculated to leading-twist accuracy and leading order in QCD perturbation theory while the leptonic tensor is treated exactly, without any approximation. This study constitutes a check of the universality of the GPDs. Read More

In this talk the handbag approach to hard exclusive wide-angle processes is reviewed and applications, as for instance two-photon annihilations into pairs of mesons, are discussed. Read More

In this talk it is reported on an analysis of hard exclusive electroproduction of pseudoscalar mesons within the handbag approach. It is argued that recent measurements of pion electroproduction performed by HERMES and CLAS clearly indicate the occurence of strong contributions from transversely polarized photons. Within the handbag approach such transitions are described by the transversity GPDs accompanied by twist-3 pion wave functions. Read More

The eta-gamma and eta'-gamma transition form factors are analyzed to leading-twist accuracy and next-to-leading order (NLO) of perturbative QCD. Using an eta-eta' mixing scheme and all currently available experimental data the lowest Gegenbauer coefficients of the distribution amplitudes for the valence octet and singlet quark-antiquark and the gluon-gluon Fock components are extracted. Predictions for the g*g*eta' vertex function are presented. Read More

Exclusive quarkonium photo- and electro-production off the nucleon is studied in the framework of generalized parton distributions (GPDs). The short distance part of the process is treated at leading order in perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics. The main focus is on the GPD E for gluons. Read More

In this talk it is reported on an analysis of the form factors for the transitions from a photon to one of the pseudoscalar mesons pi0, eta, eta', etac within the modified perturbative approach in which quark transverse degrees of freedom are retained. The report is focused on the discussion of the surprising features the new BaBar data exhibit, namely the sharp rise of the pi-gamma form factor with the photon virtuality and the strong breaking of flavor symmetry in the sector of pseudoscalar mesons. Read More

2011Aug
Authors: D. Boer, M. Diehl, R. Milner, R. Venugopalan, W. Vogelsang, A. Accardi, E. Aschenauer, M. Burkardt, R. Ent, V. Guzey, D. Hasch, K. Kumar, M. A. C. Lamont, Y. Li, W. J. Marciano, C. Marquet, F. Sabatie, M. Stratmann, F. Yuan, S. Abeyratne, S. Ahmed, C. Aidala, S. Alekhin, M. Anselmino, H. Avakian, A. Bacchetta, J. Bartels, H. BC, J. Beebe-Wang, S. Belomestnykh, I. Ben-Zvi, G. Beuf, J. Blumlein, M . Blaskiewicz, A. Bogacz, S. J. Brodsky, T. Burton, R. Calaga, X. Chang, I. O. Cherednikov, P. Chevtsov, G. A. Chirilli, C. Ciofi degli Atti, I. C. Cloet, A. Cooper-Sarkar, R. Debbe, Ya. Derbenev, A. Deshpande, F. Dominguez, A. Dumitru, R. Dupre, B. Erdelyi, C. Faroughy, S. Fazio, A. Fedotov, J. R. Forshaw, R. Geraud, K. Gallmeister, L. Gamberg, J. -H. Gao, D. Gassner, F. Gelis, G. P. Gilfoyle, G. Goldstein, K. Golec-Biernat, V. P. Goncalves, M. Gonderinger, M. Guzzi, P. Hagler, H. Hahn, L. Hammons, Y. Hao, P. He, T. Horn, W. A. Horowitz, M. Huang, A. Hutton, B. Jager, W. Jackson, A. Jain, E. C. Johnson, Z. -B. Kang, L. P. Kaptari, D. Kayran, J. Kewisch, Y. Koike, A. Kondratenko, B. Z. Kopeliovich, Y. V. Kovchegov, G. Krafft, P. Kroll, S. Kumano, K. Kumericki, T. Lappi, T. Lautenschlager, R. Li, Z. -T. Liang, V. N. Litvinenko, S. Liuti, Y. Luo, D. Muller, G. Mahler, A. Majumder, S. Manikonda, F. Marhauser, G. McIntyre, M. Meskauskas, W. Meng, A. Metz, C. B. Mezzetti, G. A. Miller, M. Minty, S. -O. Moch, V. Morozov, U. Mosel, L. Motyka, H. Moutarde, P. J. Mulders, B. Musch, P. Nadel-Turonski, P. Nadolsky, F. Olness, P. N. Ostrumov, B. Parker, B. Pasquini, K. Passek-Kumericki, A. Pikin, F. Pilat, B. Pire, H. Pirner, C. Pisano, E. Pozdeyev, A. Prokudin, V. Ptitsyn, X. Qian, J. -W. Qiu, M. Radici, A. Radyushkin, T. Rao, R. Rimmer, F. Ringer, S. Riordan, T. Rogers, J. Rojo, T. Roser, R. Sandapen, R. Sassot, T. Satogata, H. Sayed, A. Schafer, G. Schnell, P. Schweitzer, B. Sheehy, J. Skaritka, G. Soyez, M. Spata, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, N. G. Stefanis, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, L. Szymanowski, K. Tanaka, S. Taneja, S. Tepikian, B. Terzic, Y. Than, T. Toll, D. Trbojevic, E. Tsentalovich, N. Tsoupas, K. Tuchin, J. Tuozzolo, T. Ullrich, A. Vossen, S. Wallon, G. Wang, H. Wang, X. -N. Wang, S. Webb, C. Weiss, Q. Wu, B. -W. Xiao, W. Xu, B. Yunn, A. Zelenski, Y. Zhang, J. Zhou, P. Zurita

This report is based on a ten-week program on "Gluons and the quark sea at high-energies", which took place at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Seattle in Fall 2010. The principal aim of the program was to develop and sharpen the science case for an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), a facility that will be able to collide electrons and positrons with polarized protons and with light to heavy nuclei at high energies, offering unprecedented possibilities for in-depth studies of quantum chromodynamics. This report is organized around four major themes: i) the spin and flavor structure of the proton, ii) three-dimensional structure of nucleons and nuclei in momentum and configuration space, iii) QCD matter in nuclei, and iv) Electroweak physics and the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. Read More

Estimates for electroproduction of pseudoscalar mesons at small values of skewness are presented. Cross sections and asymmetries for these processes are calculated within the handbag approach which is based on factorization in hard parton subprocesses and soft generalized parton distributions (GPDs). The latter are constructed from double distributions. Read More

The form factors for the transitions pi-photon, eta-photon, eta'-photon and etac-photon are analyzed within the modified perturbative approach in which quark transverse degrees of freedom are retained. The results for the form factors are compared to experiment in detail. As compared to previous calculations within the same approach only little modifications of the meson distribution amplitudes are required in general in order to achieve agreement with experiment. Read More

V445 Pup was a peculiar nova with no hydrogen spectral lines during the outburst. The spectrum contained strong emission lines of carbon, oxygen, calcium, sodium, and iron. We have performed digital processing of photographic images of the V445 Pup progenitor using astronomical plate archives. Read More

It is reported on an analysis of electroproduction of light mesons at small Bjorken-x within the handbag approach. The partonic subprocesses, meson electroproduction off quarks or gluons, are calculated within the modified perturbative approach in which quark transverse momenta are retained. The soft hadronic matrix elements, generalized parton distributions, are constructed by means of double distributions. Read More

In this talk it is reported on an analysis of hard exclusive pion electroproduction within the handbag approach. Particular emphasis is laid on single-spin asymmetries. It is argued that a recent HERMES measurement of asymmetries measured with a transversely polarized target clearly indicate the occurrence of strong contributions from transversely polarized photons. Read More

We present data from the archival plates at Harvard College Observatory and Sonneberg Observatory showing the field of the solar type pre-main sequence star GM Cep. A total of 186 magnitudes of GM Cep have been measured on these archival plates, with 176 in blue sensitivity, 6 in visible, and 4 in red. We combine our data with data from the literature and from the American Association of Variable Star Observers to depict the long-term light curves of GM Cep in both B and V wavelengths. Read More

We explore the implications of SU(3) flavor symmetry in the soft handbag mechanism for two-photon annihilation into pairs of pseudoscalar octet mesons. In this approach we obtain a good description of the experimental results for all measured channels at high energy, with two complex form factors adjusted to the data. We also predict the cross section for gamma gamma -> eta eta. Read More

In this talk various spin effects in hard exclusive electroproduction of mesons are briefly reviewed and the data discussed in the light of recent theoretical calculations within the frame work of the handbag approach. For electroproduction of positively charged pions it is shown that there is a strong contribution from photon-pion transitions which can be modeled by the transversity GPD H_T accompanied by the twist-3 pion wave function. Read More

In this talk various spin effects in hard exclusive electroproduction of mesons are briefly reviewed. The data are discussed in the light of recent theoretical calculations within the frame work of the handbag approach. Read More

In 1975, E. R. Robinson conducted the hallmark study of the behavior of classical nova light curves before eruption, and this work has now become part of the standard knowledge of novae. Read More

A directed search for previously-undiscovered nova eruptions was conducted in the astronomical plate archives at Harvard College Observatory and Sonneberg Observatory. We found that an eruption of V2487 Oph (Nova Oph 1998) occurred on 1900 June 20. V2487 Oph was previously classified as a classical nova, which we identified as a probable recurrent nova based on its large expansion velocities and the presence of high excitation lines in the outburst spectrum. Read More

Hard exclusive pi+ electroproduction is investigated within the handbag approach. The prominent role of the pion-pole contribution is demonstrated. It is also shown that the experimental data require a twist-3 effect which ensues from the helicity-flip generalized parton distribution H_T and the twist-3 pion wave function. Read More

The process p-pbar -> Lambda_c-Antilambda_c is investigated within the handbag approach. It is shown that the dominant dynamical mechanism, characterized by the partonic subprocess u-ubar -> c-cbar factorizes in the sense that only the subprocess contains highly virtual partons, a gluon to lowest order of perturbative QCD, while the hadronic matrix elements embody only soft scales and can be parameterized in terms of helicity flip and non-flip generalized parton distributions. Modelling these parton distributions by overlaps of light-cone wave functions for the involved baryons we are able to predict cross sections and spin correlation parameters for the process of interest. Read More

We study the process $p\bar{p} \to \Lambda_c \bar{\Lambda}_c$ within the generalized parton picture. Our starting point is the double handbag diagram which factorizes into soft generalized parton distributions and a hard subprocess amplitude for $u \bar{u} \to c \bar{c}$. Our cross-section predictions may become interesting in view of forthcoming experiments at FAIR in Darmstadt. Read More

We study proton-antiproton annihilation into $\Lambda_c \bar{\Lambda}_c$ pairs within the generalized parton picture. Our starting point is the double handbag diagram which is shown to factorize into soft generalized parton distributions for the $p \to \Lambda_c$ (and $\bar{p} \to \bar{\Lambda}_c$) transition and a hard subprocess amplitude for $u \bar{u} \to c \bar{c}$. Thereby the mass of the charm quark is taken as the hard scale so that our results are not restricted to large scattering angles and/or incredibly large energies. Read More

The target asymmetry for electroproduction of vector mesons is investigated within the handbag approach. While the generalized parton distribution (GPD) H is taken from a previous analysis of the elctroproduction cross section, we here construct the GPD E from double distributions and constrain it by the Pauli form factors of the nucleon, positivity bounds and sum rules. Predictions for the target asymmetry are given for various vector mesons and discussed how experimental data on the asymmetry will further constrain E and what we may learn about the angular momenta the partons carry. Read More

2008Jun

It is reported on a global analysis of hard vector-meson electroproduction which is based on the handbag factorization. The generalized parton distributions are constructed from their forward limits with the help of double distributions and the partonic subprocesses are calculated within the modified perturbative approach. Read More

We present the results of photometric observations of SDSS J080434.20+510349.2 in its low state and during an outburst and spectroscopy during the outburst. Read More

2007Nov
Affiliations: 1DESY Hamburg, 2Univ. Siegen, 3Univ. Wuppertal

We discuss the phenomenology of strange-quark dynamics in the nucleon, based on experimental and theoretical results for electroweak form factors and for parton densities. In particular, we construct a model for the generalized parton distribution that relates the asymmetry s(x)-sbar(x) between the longitudinal momentum distributions of strange quarks and antiquarks with the form factor F1^s(t), which describes the distribution of strangeness in transverse position space. Read More

2007Oct
Authors: P. Kroll1
Affiliations: 1Wuppertal Univ.

The various factorization schemes for hard exclusive processes and the status of their applications is briefly reviewed. Read More

Electroproduction of light vector mesons is analyzed on the basis of handbag factorization. The required generalized parton distributions are constructed from the CTEQ6 parton distributions with the help of double distributions. The partonic subprocesses are calculated within the modified perturbative approach. Read More