P. Jaiswal

P. Jaiswal
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P. Jaiswal

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (17)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (13)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (8)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (5)
Physics - Materials Science (3)
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)

Publications Authored By P. Jaiswal

A future proton-proton collider with center of mass energy around 100 TeV will have a remarkable capacity to discover massive new particles and continue exploring weak scale naturalness. In this work we will study its sensitivity to two stop simplified models as further examples of its potential power: pair production of stops that decay to tops or bottoms and higgsinos; and stops that are either pair produced or produced together with a gluino and then cascade down through gluinos to the lightest superpartner (LSP). In both simplified models, super-boosted tops or bottoms with transverse momentum of order TeV will be produced abundantly and call for new strategies to identify them. Read More

We revisit the problem of the stress distribution in a frictional sandpile under gravity, equipped with a new numerical model of granular assemblies with both normal and tangential (frictional) inter-granular forces. Numerical simulations allow a determination of the spatial dependence of all the components of the stress field as a function of systems size, the coefficient of static friction and the frictional interaction with the bottom surface. Our study clearly demonstrates that interaction with the bottom surface plays a crucial role in the formation of a pressure dip under the apex of a granular pile. Read More

We compute the resummed on-shell $W^+ W^-$ production cross section under a jet-veto at the LHC to partial N$^3$LL order matched to the fixed order NNLO result. Differential NNLO cross sections are obtained from an implementation of $q_T$ subtraction in Sherpa. The two-loop virtual corrections to the $q \bar q \rightarrow W^+ W^-$ amplitude, used in both fixed order and resummation predictions, are extracted from the public code {\tt qqvvamp}. Read More

Numerical Simulations are employed to create amorphous nano-films of a chosen thickness on a crystalline substrate which induces strain on the film. The films are grown by a vapor deposition technique which was recently developed to create very stable glassy films. Using the exact relations between the Hessian matrix and the shear and bulk moduli we explore the mechanical properties of the nano-films as a function of the density of the substrate and the film thickness. Read More

Amorphous solids yield at a critical value of the strain (in strain controlled experiments); for larger strains the average stress can no longer increase - the system displays an elasto-plastic steady state. A long standing riddle in the materials community is what is the difference between the microscopic states of the material before and after yield. Explanations in the literature are material specific, but the universality of the phenomenon begs a universal answer. Read More

In this paper we demonstrate the agreement of jet-veto resummation and pT resummation for explaining the WW cross sections at Run 1 of the LHC, and in the future. These two resummation techniques resum different logarithms, however via reweighting methods they can be compared for various differential or exclusive cross sections. We find excellent agreement between the two resummation methods for predicting the zero-jet cross section, and propose a new reweighting method for jet-veto resummation that can be used to compare other differential distributions. Read More

We focus on the probability distribution function (pdf) $P(\Delta \gamma; \gamma)$ where $\Delta \gamma$ are the {\em measured} strain intervals between plastic events in an athermal strained amorphous solids, and $\gamma$ measures the accumulated strain. The tail of this distribution as $\Delta \gamma\to 0$ (in the thermodynamic limit) scales like $\Delta \gamma^\eta$. The exponent $\eta$ is related via scaling relations to the tail of the pdf of the eigenvalues of the {\em plastic modes} of the Hessian matrix $P(\lambda)$ which scales like $\lambda^\theta$, $\eta=(\theta-1)/2$. Read More

The artificial separation of a full-theory mode into distinct collinear and soft modes in SCET leads to divergent integrals over rapidity, which are not present in the full theory. Rapidity divergence introduces an additional scale into the problem, giving rise to its own renormalization group with respect to this new scale. Two contradicting claims exist in the literature concerning rapidity scale uncertainty. Read More

Long-ranged dipole-dipole interactions in magnetic glasses give rise to magnetic domains having labyrinthine patterns. Barkhausen Noise is then expected to result from the movement of domain boundaries which is supposed to be modeled by the motion of elastic membranes with random pinning. We propose an atomistic model of such magnetic glasses in which we measure the Barkhausen Noise which indeed results from the movement of domain boundaries. Read More

The search for a new source of CP violation is one of the most important endeavors in particle physics. A particularly interesting way to perform this search is to probe the CP phase in the $h\tau\tau$ coupling, as the phase is currently completely unconstrained by all existing data. Recently, a novel variable $\Theta$ was proposed for measuring the CP phase in the $h\tau\tau$ coupling through the $\tau^\pm \to \pi^\pm \pi^0 \nu$ decay mode. Read More

The electroweak diboson production cross-sections are known to receive large radiative corrections beyond leading-order (LO), approaching up to 60% at next-to-leading order (NLO), compared to the scale uncertainties which are in the range 1-5% at LO. If the scale uncertainties are to be taken seriously, the NLO predictions are as much as 30 sigma away from their LO counterpart suggesting a very poor convergence of the perturbation theory. In this paper, we show that there is a second source of scale uncertainty which has not been considered in the literature, namely the complex phase of the scales, which can lead to large perturbative corrections. Read More

The concept of a Shear Transformation Zone (STZ) refers to a region in an amorphous solid that undergoes a plastic event when the material is put under an external mechanical load. An important question that had accompanied the development of the theory of plasticity in amorphous solids for many years now is whether an STZ is a {\em region} existing in the material (which can be predicted by analyzing the unloaded material), or is it an {\em event} that depends on the loading protocol (i.e. Read More

The WW production cross section measured at the LHC has been consistently exhibiting a mild excess beyond the SM prediction, in both ATLAS and CMS at both 7-TeV and 8-TeV runs. We provide an explanation of the excess in terms of resummation of large logarithms that arise from a jet-veto condition, i.e. Read More

We perform an extensive survey of non-standard Higgs decays that are consistent with the 125 GeV Higgs-like resonance. Our aim is to motivate a large set of new experimental analyses on the existing and forthcoming data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The explicit search for exotic Higgs decays presents a largely untapped discovery opportunity for the LHC collaborations, as such decays may be easily missed by other searches. Read More

We report the crystallographic texture of ZnO thin films comprising nanorods grown by a microwave irradiation assisted method. Different substrates were used, namely Si, Ge, metal coated Si, PMMA coated Si and ITO coated glass, to examine the respective development of crystallographic texture. The films were characterized by Xray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, while the texture analysis was done by Xray pole figure analysis using the Schultz reflection method. Read More

The Standard Model (SM) has had resounding success in describing almost every measurement performed by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. In particular, these experiments have put many beyond the SM models of natural Electroweak Symmetry Breaking into tension with the data. It is therefore remarkable that it is still the LEP experiment, and not the LHC, which often sets the gold standard for understanding the possibility of new color-neutral states at the electroweak (EW) scale. Read More

We investigate the spectacular collider signatures of macroscopically displaced, neutral particles that decay to Higgs bosons and missing energy. We show that such long-lived particles arise naturally in a very minimal extension of the Standard Model with only two new fermions with electroweak interactions. The lifetime of the long-lived neutral particles can range from 10^{-2} mm to 10^6 mm. Read More

Recent 7 TeV 5/fb measurements by ATLAS and CMS have measured both overall and differential WW cross sections that differ from NLO SM predictions. While these measurements aren't statistically significant enough to rule out the SM, we demonstrate that the data from both experiments can be better fit with the inclusion of electroweak gauginos with masses of O(100) GeV. We show that these new states are consistent with other experimental searches/measurements and can have ramifications for Higgs phenomenology. Read More

We use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study surface-directed spinodal decomposition (SDSD) in unstable binary ($AB$) fluid mixtures at wetting surfaces. The thickness of the wetting layer $R_1$ grows with time $t$ as a power-law ($R_1 \sim t^\theta$). We find that hydrodynamic effects result in a crossover of the growth exponent from $\theta\simeq 1/3$ to $\theta\simeq1$. Read More

In the context of the MSSM the Light Stop Scenario (LSS) is the only region of parameter space that allows for successful Electroweak Baryogenesis (EWBG). This possibility is very phenomenologically attractive, since it allows for the direct production of light stops and could be tested at the LHC. The ATLAS and CMS experiments have recently supplied tantalizing hints for a Higgs boson with a mass of ~ 125 GeV. Read More

In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the effective b quark Yukawa coupling to the lightest neutral Higgs boson is enhanced. Therefore, the associated production of the lightest Higgs boson with a b quark is an important discovery channel. We consider the SUSY QCD contributions from squarks and gluinos and discuss the decoupling properties of these effects. Read More

We present results from a comprehensive numerical study of {\it morphological phase separation} (MPS) in unstable thin liquid films on a 2-dimensional substrate. We study the quantitative properties of the evolution morphology via several experimentally relevant markers, e.g. Read More

The associated production of a Higgs boson with a b quark is a discovery channel for the lightest MSSM neutral Higgs boson. We consider the SUSY QCD contributions from squarks and gluinos and discuss the decoupling properties of these effects. A detailed comparison of our exact order(alpha_s) results with those of a widely used effective Lagrangian approach, the \Delta_b approximation, is presented. Read More

We use molecular dynamics (MD) to study the kinetics of surface enrichment (SE) in a stable homogeneous mixture (AB), placed in contact with a surface which preferentially attracts A. The SE profiles show a characteristic double-exponential behavior with two length scales: \xi_-, which rapidly saturates to its equilibrium value, and \xi_+, which diverges as a power-law with time (\xi_+ \sim t^\theta). We find that hydrodynamic effects result in a crossover of the growth exponent from \theta \simeq 0. Read More

The associated production of a Higgs boson with a b quark is a discovery mode for an MSSM Higgs boson at large tan beta. We present updates on the production rate at the LHC, along with a discussion of the importance of the SQCD corrections from squark and gluino loops. We also discuss the purely electroweak contributions. Read More

We present comprehensive molecular dynamics (MD) results for the kinetics of surface-directed spinodal decomposition (SDSD) and surface enrichment (SE) in binary mixtures at wetting surfaces. We study the surface morphology and the growth dynamics of the wetting and enrichment layers. The growth law for the thickness of these layers shows a crossover from a diffusive regime to a hydrodynamic regime. Read More

We study the early-stage kinetics of thermodynamically unstable systems with quenched disorder. We show analytically that the growth of initial fluctuations is amplified by the presence of disorder. This is confirmed by numerical simulations of morphological phase separation (MPS) in thin liquid films and spinodal decomposition (SD) in binary mixtures. Read More

We consider the effects of a fourth generation of chiral fermions within the MSSM. Such a model offers the possibility of having the lightest neutral Higgs boson significantly heavier than in the three generation MSSM. The model is highly constrained by precision electroweak data, along with Higgs searches at the Tevatron. Read More

We study spinodal phase separation in unstable thin liquid films on chemically disordered substrates via simulations of the thin-film equation. The disorder is characterized by immobile patches of varying size and Hamaker constant. The effect of disorder is pronounced in the early stages (amplification of fluctuations), remains during the intermediate stages and vanishes in the late stages (domain growth). Read More

In models with an enhanced coupling of the Higgs boson to the bottom quark, the dominant production mechanism in hadronic collisions is often the partonic sub-process, bg ->bH. We derive the weak corrections to this process and show that they can be accurately approximated by an "Improved Born Approximation". At the Tevatron, these corrections are negligible and are dwarfed by PDF and scale uncertainties for M_H < 200 GeV. Read More

We study universality in the kinetics of spinodal phase separation in unstable thin liquid films, via simulations of the thin film equation. It is shown that in addition to morphology and free energy,the number density of local maxima in the film profile can also be used to identify the early, intermediate and late stages of spinodal phase separation. A universal curve between the number density of local maxima and rescaled time describes the kinetics of early stage in d = 2, 3. Read More

Atomic Compton profiles (CPs) are a very important property which provide us information about the momentum distribution of atomic electrons. Therefore, for CPs of heavy atoms, relativistic effects are expected to be important, warranting a relativistic treatment of the problem. In this paper, we present an efficient approach aimed at ab initio calculations of atomic CPs within a Dirac-Hartree-Fock (DHF) formalism, employing kinetically-balanced Gaussian basis functions. Read More