P. Blasi - INAF-Arcetri/GSSI

P. Blasi
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P. Blasi
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INAF-Arcetri/GSSI
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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (43)
 
Statistics - Theory (7)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (7)
 
Mathematics - Probability (4)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (1)
 
Physics - Space Physics (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)

Publications Authored By P. Blasi

2017Mar
Authors: P. Blasi1
Affiliations: 1INAF/Arcetri, GSSI

The description of the transport of cosmic rays in magnetized media is central to both acceleration and propagation of these particles in our Galaxy and outside. The investigation of the process of particle acceleration, especially at shock waves, has already emphasized that non-linear effects such as self-generation of waves and dynamical reaction of cosmic rays on the background plasmas, are crucial if to achieve a physical understanding of the origin of cosmic rays. Here we discuss how similar non-linear effects on Galactic scales may affect the propagation of cosmic rays, not only through the excitation of plasma waves important for particle scattering, but also by inducing the motion of the interstellar medium in the direction opposite to the gravitational pull exerted by matter in the Galaxy, thereby resulting in the launching of a wind. Read More

Cosmic Rays escaping the Galaxy exert a force on the interstellar medium directed away from the Galactic disk. If this force is larger than the gravitational pull due to the mass embedded in the Galaxy, then galactic winds may be launched. Such outflows may have important implications for the history of star formation of the host galaxy, and in turn affect in a crucial way the transport of cosmic rays, both due to advection with the wind and to the excitation of waves by the same cosmic rays, through streaming instability. Read More

The investigation of the diffusive transport of charged particles in a turbulent magnetic field remains a subject of considerable interest. Research has most frequently concentrated on determining the diffusion coefficient in the presence of a mean magnetic field. Here we consider diffusion of charged particles in fully three-dimensional isotropic turbulent magnetic fields with no mean field, which may be pertinent to many astrophysical situations. Read More

2016Oct
Authors: The CTA Consortium, :, A. Abchiche, U. Abeysekara, Ó. Abril, F. Acero, B. S. Acharya, C. Adams, G. Agnetta, F. Aharonian, A. Akhperjanian, A. Albert, M. Alcubierre, J. Alfaro, R. Alfaro, A. J. Allafort, R. Aloisio, J. -P. Amans, E. Amato, L. Ambrogi, G. Ambrosi, M. Ambrosio, J. Anderson, M. Anduze, E. O. Angüner, E. Antolini, L. A. Antonelli, M. Antonucci, V. Antonuccio, P. Antoranz, C. Aramo, A. Aravantinos, M. Araya, C. Arcaro, B. Arezki, A. Argan, T. Armstrong, F. Arqueros, L. Arrabito, M. Arrieta, K. Asano, M. Ashley, P. Aubert, C. B. Singh, A. Babic, M. Backes, A. Bais, S. Bajtlik, C. Balazs, M. Balbo, D. Balis, C. Balkowski, O. Ballester, J. Ballet, A. Balzer, A. Bamba, R. Bandiera, A. Barber, C. Barbier, M. Barcelo, M. Barkov, A. Barnacka, U. Barres de Almeida, J. A. Barrio, S. Basso, D. Bastieri, C. Bauer, U. Becciani, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, V. Beckmann, W. Bednarek, W. Benbow, D. Benedico Ventura, J. Berdugo, D. Berge, E. Bernardini, M. G. Bernardini, S. Bernhard, K. Bernlöhr, B. Bertucci, M. -A. Besel, V. Beshley, N. Bhatt, P. Bhattacharjee, W. Bhattacharyya, S. Bhattachryya, B. Biasuzzi, G. Bicknell, C. Bigongiari, A. Biland, A. Bilinsky, W. Bilnik, B. Biondo, R. Bird, T. Bird, E. Bissaldi, M. Bitossi, O. Blanch, P. Blasi, J. Blazek, C. Bockermann, C. Boehm, L. Bogacz, M. Bogdan, M. Bohacova, C. Boisson, J. Boix, J. Bolmont, G. Bonanno, A. Bonardi, C. Bonavolontà, P. Bonifacio, F. Bonnarel, G. Bonnoli, J. Borkowski, R. Bose, Z. Bosnjak, M. Böttcher, J. -J. Bousquet, C. Boutonnet, F. Bouyjou, L. Bowman, C. Braiding, T. Brantseg, S. Brau-Nogué, J. Bregeon, M. Briggs, M. Brigida, T. Bringmann, W. Brisken, D. Bristow, R. Britto, E. Brocato, S. Bron, P. Brook, W. Brooks, A. M. Brown, K. Brügge, F. Brun, P. Brun, P. Brun, G. Brunetti, L. Brunetti, P. Bruno, T. Buanes, N. Bucciantini, G. Buchholtz, J. Buckley, V. Bugaev, R. Bühler, A. Bulgarelli, T. Bulik, M. Burton, A. Burtovoi, G. Busetto, S. Buson, J. Buss, K. Byrum, F. Cadoux, J. Calvo Tovar, R. Cameron, F. Canelli, R. Canestrari, M. Capalbi, M. Capasso, G. Capobianco, A. Caproni, P. Caraveo, J. Cardenzana, M. Cardillo, S. Carius, C. Carlile, A. Carosi, R. Carosi, E. Carquín, J. Carr, M. Carroll, J. Carter, P. -H. Carton, J. -M. Casandjian, S. Casanova, S. Casanova, E. Cascone, M. Casiraghi, A. Castellina, J. Castroviejo Mora, F. Catalani, O. Catalano, S. Catalanotti, D. Cauz, S. Cavazzani, P. Cerchiara, E. Chabanne, P. Chadwick, T. Chaleil, C. Champion, A. Chatterjee, S. Chaty, R. Chaves, A. Chen, X. Chen, X. Chen, K. Cheng, M. Chernyakova, L. Chiappetti, M. Chikawa, D. Chinn, V. R. Chitnis, N. Cho, A. Christov, J. Chudoba, M. Cieślar, M. A. Ciocci, R. Clay, S. Colafrancesco, P. Colin, J. -M. Colley, E. Colombo, J. Colome, S. Colonges, V. Conforti, V. Connaughton, S. Connell, J. Conrad, J. L. Contreras, P. Coppi, S. Corbel, J. Coridian, R. Cornat, P. Corona, D. Corti, J. Cortina, L. Cossio, A. Costa, H. Costantini, G. Cotter, B. Courty, S. Covino, G. Covone, G. Crimi, S. J. Criswell, R. Crocker, J. Croston, J. Cuadra, P. Cumani, G. Cusumano, P. Da Vela, Ø. Dale, F. D'Ammando, D. Dang, V. T. Dang, L. Dangeon, M. Daniel, I. Davids, I. Davids, B. Dawson, F. Dazzi, B. de Aguiar Costa, A. De Angelis, R. F. de Araujo Cardoso, V. De Caprio, R. de Cássia dos Anjos, G. De Cesare, A. De Franco, F. De Frondat, E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino, I. de la Calle, C. De Lisio, R. de los Reyes Lopez, B. De Lotto, A. De Luca, J. R. T. de Mello Neto, M. de Naurois, E. de Oña Wilhelmi, F. De Palma, F. De Persio, V. de Souza, G. Decock, J. Decock, C. Deil, M. Del Santo, E. Delagnes, G. Deleglise, C. Delgado, J. Delgado, D. della Volpe, P. Deloye, M. Detournay, A. Dettlaff, J. Devin, T. Di Girolamo, C. Di Giulio, A. Di Paola, F. Di Pierro, M. A. Diaz, C. Díaz, C. Dib, J. Dick, H. Dickinson, S. Diebold, S. Digel, J. Dipold, G. Disset, A. Distefano, A. Djannati-Ataï, M. Doert, M. Dohmke, A. Domínguez, N. Dominik, J. -L. Dominique, D. Dominis Prester, A. Donat, I. Donnarumma, D. Dorner, M. Doro, J. -L. Dournaux, T. Downes, K. Doyle, G. Drake, S. Drappeau, H. Drass, D. Dravins, L. Drury, G. Dubus, L. Ducci, D. Dumas, K. Dundas Morå, D. Durand, D. D'Urso, V. Dwarkadas, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, J. Ebr, E. Edy, K. Egberts, P. Eger, A. Egorov, S. Einecke, J. Eisch, F. Eisenkolb, C. Eleftheriadis, D. Elsaesser, D. Elsässer, D. Emmanoulopoulos, C. Engelbrecht, D. Engelhaupt, J. -P. Ernenwein, P. Escarate, S. Eschbach, C. Espinoza, P. Evans, M. Fairbairn, D. Falceta-Goncalves, A. Falcone, V. Fallah Ramazani, D. Fantinel, K. Farakos, C. Farnier, E. Farrell, G. Fasola, Y. Favre, E. Fede, R. Fedora, E. Fedorova, S. Fegan, D. Ferenc, M. Fernandez-Alonso, A. Fernández-Barral, G. Ferrand, O. Ferreira, M. Fesquet, P. Fetfatzis, E. Fiandrini, A. Fiasson, A. Filipčič, M. Filipovic, D. Fink, C. Finley, J. P. Finley, A. Finoguenov, V. Fioretti, M. Fiorini, H. Fleischhack, H. Flores, D. Florin, C. Föhr, E. Fokitis, M. V. Fonseca, L. Font, G. Fontaine, B. Fontes, M. Fornasa, M. Fornasa, A. Förster, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, N. Fouque, A. Franckowiak, A. Franckowiak, F. J. Franco, I. Freire Mota Albuquerque, L. Freixas Coromina, L. Fresnillo, C. Fruck, M. Fuessling, D. Fugazza, Y. Fujita, S. Fukami, Y. Fukazawa, T. Fukuda, Y. Fukui, S. Funk, A. Furniss, W. Gäbele, S. Gabici, A. Gadola, D. Galindo, D. D. Gall, Y. Gallant, D. Galloway, S. Gallozzi, J. A. Galvez, S. Gao, A. Garcia, B. Garcia, R. García Gil, R. Garcia López, M. Garczarczyk, D. Gardiol, C. Gargano, F. Gargano, S. Garozzo, F. Garrecht, L. Garrido, M. Garrido-Ruiz, D. Gascon, J. Gaskins, J. Gaudemard, M. Gaug, J. Gaweda, B. Gebhardt, M. Gebyehu, N. Geffroy, B. Genolini, L. Gerard, A. Ghalumyan, A. Ghedina, P. Ghislain, P. Giammaria, E. Giannakaki, F. Gianotti, S. Giarrusso, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, T. Gieras, N. Giglietto, V. Gika, R. Gimenes, M. Giomi, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, G. Giovannini, P. Girardot, E. Giro, M. Giroletti, J. Gironnet, A. Giuliani, J. -F. Glicenstein, R. Gnatyk, N. Godinovic, P. Goldoni, G. Gomez, M. M. Gonzalez, A. González, D. Gora, K. S. Gothe, D. Gotz, J. Goullon, T. Grabarczyk, R. Graciani, J. Graham, P. Grandi, J. Granot, G. Grasseau, R. Gredig, A. J. Green, A. M. Green, T. Greenshaw, I. Grenier, S. Griffiths, A. Grillo, M. -H. Grondin, J. Grube, M. Grudzinska, J. Grygorczuk, V. Guarino, D. Guberman, S. Gunji, G. Gyuk, D. Hadasch, A. Hagedorn, L. Hagge, J. Hahn, H. Hakobyan, S. Hara, M. J. Hardcastle, T. Hassan, K. Hatanaka, T. Haubold, A. Haupt, T. Hayakawa, M. Hayashida, M. Heller, R. Heller, J. C. Helo, F. Henault, G. Henri, G. Hermann, R. Hermel, J. Herrera Llorente, J. Herrera Llorente, A. Herrero, O. Hervet, N. Hidaka, J. Hinton, W. Hirai, K. Hirotani, B. Hnatyk, J. Hoang, D. Hoffmann, W. Hofmann, T. Holch, J. Holder, S. Hooper, D. Horan, J. Hörandel, M. Hörbe, D. Horns, P. Horvath, J. Hose, J. Houles, T. Hovatta, M. Hrabovsky, D. Hrupec, J. -M. Huet, M. Huetten, G. Hughes, D. Hui, T. B. Humensky, M. Hussein, M. Iacovacci, A. Ibarra, Y. Ikeno, J. M. Illa, D. Impiombato, T. Inada, S. Incorvaia, L. Infante, Y. Inome, S. Inoue, T. Inoue, Y. Inoue, F. Iocco, K. Ioka, M. Iori, K. Ishio, K. Ishio, G. L. Israel, Y. Iwamura, C. Jablonski, A. Jacholkowska, J. Jacquemier, M. Jamrozy, P. Janecek, M. Janiak, D. Jankowsky, F. Jankowsky, P. Jean, I. Jegouzo, P. Jenke, J. J. Jimenez, M. Jingo, M. Jingo, L. Jocou, T. Jogler, C. A. Johnson, M. Jones, M. Josselin, L. Journet, I. Jung, P. Kaaret, M. Kagaya, J. Kakuwa, O. Kalekin, C. Kalkuhl, H. Kamon, R. Kankanyan, A. Karastergiou, K. Kärcher, M. Karczewski, S. Karkar, P. Karn, J. Kasperek, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, K. Katarzyński, S. Kato, U. Katz, N. Kawanaka, L. Kaye, D. Kazanas, N. Kelley-Hoskins, J. Kersten, B. Khélifi, D. B. Kieda, T. Kihm, S. Kimeswenger, S. Kisaka, S. Kishida, R. Kissmann, S. Klepser, W. Kluźniak, J. Knapen, J. Knapp, J. Knödlseder, B. Koch, F. Köck, J. Kocot, K. Kohri, K. Kokkotas, K. Kokkotas, D. Kolitzus, N. Komin, I. Kominis, A. Kong, Y. Konno, K. Kosack, G. Koss, M. Kossatz, G. Kowal, S. Koyama, J. Kozioł, M. Kraus, J. Krause, M. Krause, H. Krawzcynski, F. Krennrich, A. Kretzschmann, P. Kruger, H. Kubo, V. Kudryavtsev, G. Kukec Mezek, M. Kuklis, H. Kuroda, J. Kushida, A. La Barbera, N. La Palombara, V. La Parola, G. La Rosa, H. Laffon, R. Lahmann, M. Lakicevic, K. Lalik, G. Lamanna, D. Landriu, H. Landt, R. G. Lang, J. Lapington, P. Laporte, J. -P. Le Fèvre, T. Le Flour, P. Le Sidaner, S. -H. Lee, W. H. Lee, J. -P. Lees, J. Lefaucheur, K. Leffhalm, H. Leich, M. A. Leigui de Oliveira, D. Lelas, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, R. Leonard, R. Leoni, L. Lessio, G. Leto, A. Leveque, B. Lieunard, M. Limon, R. Lindemann, E. Lindfors, L. Linhoff, A. Liolios, A. Lipniacka, H. Lockart, T. Lohse, E. Łokas, S. Lombardi, F. Longo, A. Lopatin, M. Lopez, D. Loreggia, T. Louge, F. Louis, M. Louys, F. Lucarelli, D. Lucchesi, H. Lüdecke, T. Luigi, P. L. Luque-Escamilla, E. Lyard, M. C. Maccarone, T. Maccarone, T. J. Maccarone, E. Mach, G. M. Madejski, A. Madonna, F. Magniette, A. Magniez, M. Mahabir, G. Maier, P. Majumdar, P. Majumdar, M. Makariev, G. Malaguti, G. Malaspina, A. K. Mallot, A. Malouf, S. Maltezos, D. Malyshev, A. Mancilla, D. Mandat, G. Maneva, M. Manganaro, S. Mangano, P. Manigot, N. Mankushiyil, K. Mannheim, N. Maragos, D. Marano, P. Marchegiani, J. A. Marcomini, A. Marcowith, M. Mariotti, M. Marisaldi, S. Markoff, C. Martens, J. Martí, J. -M. Martin, L. Martin, P. Martin, G. Martínez, M. Martínez, O. Martínez, K. Martynyuk-Lototskyy, R. Marx, N. Masetti, P. Massimino, A. Mastichiadis, S. Mastroianni, M. Mastropietro, S. Masuda, H. Matsumoto, S. Matsuoka, N. Matthews, S. Mattiazzo, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, N. Maxted, J. Maya, M. Mayer, D. Mazin, M. N. Mazziotta, L. Mc Comb, N. McCubbin, I. McHardy, C. Medina, F. Mehrez, C. Melioli, D. Melkumyan, T. Melse, S. Mereghetti, M. Merk, P. Mertsch, J. -L. Meunier, T. Meures, M. Meyer, J. L. Meyrelles jr, A. Miccichè, T. Michael, J. Michałowski, P. Mientjes, I. Mievre, A. Mihailidis, J. Miller, T. Mineo, M. Minuti, N. Mirabal, F. Mirabel, J. M. Miranda, R. Mirzoyan, A. Mitchell, T. Mizuno, R. Moderski, I. Mognet, M. Mohammed, R. Moharana, L. Mohrmann, E. Molinari, P. Molyneux, E. Monmarthe, G. Monnier, T. Montaruli, C. Monte, I. Monteiro, D. Mooney, P. Moore, A. Moralejo, C. Morello, E. Moretti, K. Mori, P. Morris, A. Morselli, F. Moscato, D. Motohashi, F. Mottez, Y. Moudden, E. Moulin, S. Mueller, R. Mukherjee, P. Munar, M. Munari, C. Mundell, J. Mundet, H. Muraishi, K. Murase, A. Muronga, A. Murphy, N. Nagar, S. Nagataki, T. Nagayoshi, B. K. Nagesh, T. Naito, D. Nakajima, D. Nakajima, T. Nakamori, K. Nakayama, J. Nanni, D. Naumann, P. Nayman, L. Nellen, R. Nemmen, A. Neronov, N. Neyroud, T. Nguyen, T. T. Nguyen, T. Nguyen Trung, L. Nicastro, J. Nicolau-Kukliński, F. Niederwanger, A. Niedźwiecki, J. Niemiec, D. Nieto, M. Nievas-Rosillo, A. Nikolaidis, M. Nikołajuk, K. Nishijima, K. -I. Nishikawa, G. Nishiyama, K. Noda, K. Noda, L. Nogues, S. Nolan, R. Northrop, D. Nosek, M. Nöthe, B. Novosyadlyj, L. Nozka, F. Nunio, L. Oakes, P. O'Brien, C. Ocampo, G. Occhipinti, J. P. Ochoa, A. OFaolain de Bhroithe, R. Oger, Y. Ohira, M. Ohishi, S. Ohm, H. Ohoka, N. Okazaki, A. Okumura, J. -F. Olive, D. Olszowski, R. A. Ong, S. Ono, M. Orienti, R. Orito, A. Orlati, J. Osborne, M. Ostrowski, D. Ottaway, N. Otte, S. Öttl, E. Ovcharov, I. Oya, A. Ozieblo, M. Padovani, I. Pagano, S. Paiano, A. Paizis, J. Palacio, M. Palatka, J. Pallotta, K. Panagiotidis, J. -L. Panazol, D. Paneque, M. Panter, M. R. Panzera, R. Paoletti, M. Paolillo, A. Papayannis, G. Papyan, A. Paravac, J. M. Paredes, G. Pareschi, N. Park, D. Parsons, P. Paśko, S. Pavy, M. Pech, A. Peck, G. Pedaletti, A. Pe'er, S. Peet, D. Pelat, A. Pepato, M. d. C. Perez, L. Perri, M. Perri, M. Persic, M. Persic, A. Petrashyk, P. -O. Petrucci, O. Petruk, B. Peyaud, M. Pfeifer, G. Pfeiffer, G. Piano, D. Pieloth, E. Pierre, F. Pinto de Pinho, C. Pio García, Y. Piret, A. Pisarski, S. Pita, Ł. Platos, R. Platzer, S. Podkladkin, L. Pogosyan, M. Pohl, P. Poinsignon, A. Pollo, A. Porcelli, J. Porthault, W. Potter, S. Poulios, J. Poutanen, E. Prandini, E. Prandini, J. Prast, K. Pressard, G. Principe, F. Profeti, D. Prokhorov, H. Prokoph, M. Prouza, R. Pruchniewicz, G. Pruteanu, E. Pueschel, G. Pühlhofer, I. Puljak, M. Punch, S. Pürckhauer, R. Pyzioł, F. Queiroz, E. J. Quel, J. Quinn, A. Quirrenbach, I. Rafighi, S. Rainò, P. J. Rajda, M. Rameez, R. Rando, R. C. Rannot, M. Rataj, T. Ravel, S. Razzaque, P. Reardon, I. Reichardt, O. Reimann, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, A. Reisenegger, M. Renaud, S. Renner, T. Reposeur, B. Reville, A. Rezaeian, W. Rhode, D. Ribeiro, R. Ribeiro Prado, M. Ribó, G. Richards, M. G. Richer, T. Richtler, J. Rico, J. Ridky, F. Rieger, M. Riquelme, P. R. Ristori, S. Rivoire, V. Rizi, E. Roache, J. Rodriguez, G. Rodriguez Fernandez, J. J. Rodríguez Vázquez, G. Rojas, P. Romano, G. Romeo, M. Roncadelli, J. Rosado, J. Rose, S. Rosen, S. Rosier Lees, D. Ross, G. Rouaix, J. Rousselle, A. C. Rovero, G. Rowell, F. Roy, S. Royer, A. Rubini, B. Rudak, A. Rugliancich, W. Rujopakarn, C. Rulten, M. Rupiński, F. Russo, F. Russo, K. Rutkowski, O. Saavedra, S. Sabatini, B. Sacco, I. Sadeh, E. O. Saemann, S. Safi-Harb, A. Saggion, V. Sahakian, T. Saito, N. Sakaki, S. Sakurai, A. Salamon, M. Salega, D. Salek, F. Salesa Greus, J. Salgado, G. Salina, L. Salinas, A. Salini, D. Sanchez, M. Sanchez-Conde, H. Sandaker, A. Sandoval, P. Sangiorgi, M. Sanguillon, H. Sano, M. Santander, A. Santangelo, E. M. Santos, R. Santos-Lima, A. Sanuy, L. Sapozhnikov, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, K. Satalecka, Y. Sato, R. Savalle, M. Sawada, F. Sayède, S. Schanne, T. Schanz, E. J. Schioppa, S. Schlenstedt, J. Schmid, T. Schmidt, J. Schmoll, M. Schneider, H. Schoorlemmer, P. Schovanek, A. Schubert, E. -M. Schullian, J. Schultze, A. Schulz, S. Schulz, K. Schure, F. Schussler, T. Schwab, U. Schwanke, J. Schwarz, T. Schweizer, S. Schwemmer, U. Schwendicke, C. Schwerdt, E. Sciacca, S. Scuderi, A. Segreto, J. -H. Seiradakis, G. H. Sembroski, D. Semikoz, O. Sergijenko, N. Serre, M. Servillat, K. Seweryn, N. Shafi, A. Shalchi, M. Sharma, M. Shayduk, R. C. Shellard, T. Shibata, A. Shigenaka, I. Shilon, E. Shum, L. Sidoli, M. Sidz, J. Sieiro, H. Siejkowski, J. Silk, A. Sillanpää, D. Simone, H. Simpson, B. B. Singh, A. Sinha, G. Sironi, J. Sitarek, P. Sizun, V. Sliusar, V. Sliusar, A. Smith, D. Sobczyńska, H. Sol, G. Sottile, M. Sowiński, F. Spanier, G. Spengler, R. Spiga, R. Stadler, O. Stahl, A. Stamerra, S. Stanič, R. Starling, D. Staszak, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, S. Stefanik, C. Stegmann, S. Steiner, C. Stella, M. Stephan, N. Stergioulas, R. Sternberger, M. Sterzel, B. Stevenson, F. Stinzing, M. Stodulska, M. Stodulski, T. Stolarczyk, G. Stratta, U. Straumann, L. Stringhetti, M. Strzys, R. Stuik, K. -H. Sulanke, T. Suomijärvi, A. D. Supanitsky, T. Suric, I. Sushch, P. Sutcliffe, J. Sykes, M. Szanecki, T. Szepieniec, P. Szwarnog, A. Tacchini, K. Tachihara, G. Tagliaferri, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, K. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, L. Takalo, S. Takami, J. Takata, J. Takeda, G. Talbot, T. Tam, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, C. Tanci, S. Tanigawa, M. Tavani, F. Tavecchio, J. -P. Tavernet, K. Tayabaly, A. Taylor, L. A. Tejedor, I. Telezhinsky, F. Temme, P. Temnikov, C. Tenzer, Y. Terada, J. C. Terrazas, R. Terrier, D. Terront, T. Terzic, D. Tescaro, M. Teshima, M. Teshima, V. Testa, D. Tezier, J. Thayer, J. Thornhill, S. Thoudam, D. Thuermann, L. Tibaldo, A. Tiengo, M. C. Timpanaro, D. Tiziani, M. Tluczykont, C. J. Todero Peixoto, F. Tokanai, M. Tokarz, K. Toma, J. Tomastik, Y. Tomono, A. Tonachini, D. Tonev, K. Torii, M. Tornikoski, D. F. Torres, M. Torres, E. Torresi, G. Toso, G. Tosti, T. Totani, N. Tothill, F. Toussenel, G. Tovmassian, T. Toyama, P. Travnicek, C. Trichard, M. Trifoglio, I. Troyano Pujadas, M. Trzeciak, K. Tsinganos, S. Tsujimoto, T. Tsuru, Y. Uchiyama, G. Umana, Y. Umetsu, S. S. Upadhya, M. Uslenghi, V. Vagelli, F. Vagnetti, J. Valdes-Galicia, M. Valentino, P. Vallania, L. Valore, W. van Driel, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, J. Vandenbroucke, J. Vanderwalt, G. Vasileiadis, V. Vassiliev, J. R. Vázquez, M. L. Vázquez Acosta, M. Vecchi, A. Vega, I. Vegas, P. Veitch, P. Venault, L. Venema, C. Venter, S. Vercellone, S. Vergani, K. Verma, V. Verzi, G. P. Vettolani, C. Veyssiere, A. Viana, N. Viaux, J. Vicha, C. Vigorito, P. Vincent, S. Vincent, J. Vink, V. Vittorini, N. Vlahakis, L. Vlahos, H. Voelk, V. Voisin, A. Vollhardt, A. Volpicelli, H. von Brand, S. Vorobiov, I. Vovk, M. Vrastil, L. V. Vu, T. Vuillaume, R. Wagner, R. Wagner, S. J. Wagner, S. P. Wakely, T. Walstra, R. Walter, T. Walther, J. E. Ward, M. Ward, K. Warda, D. Warren, S. Wassberg, J. J. Watson, P. Wawer, R. Wawrzaszek, N. Webb, P. Wegner, O. Weiner, A. Weinstein, R. Wells, F. Werner, H. Wetteskind, M. White, R. White, M. Więcek, A. Wierzcholska, S. Wiesand, R. Wijers, P. Wilcox, N. Wild, A. Wilhelm, M. Wilkinson, M. Will, M. Will, D. A. Williams, J. T. Williams, R. Willingale, N. Wilson, M. Winde, K. Winiarski, H. Winkler, M. Winter, R. Wischnewski, E. Witt, P. Wojcik, D. Wolf, M. Wood, A. Wörnlein, E. Wu, T. Wu, K. K. Yadav, H. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, N. Yamane, R. Yamazaki, S. Yanagita, L. Yang, D. Yelos, A. Yoshida, M. Yoshida, T. Yoshida, S. Yoshiike, T. Yoshikoshi, P. Yu, V. Zabalza, D. Zaborov, M. Zacharias, G. Zaharijas, A. Zajczyk, L. Zampieri, F. Zandanel, R. Zanmar Sanchez, D. Zaric, D. Zavrtanik, M. Zavrtanik, A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. Zechlin, A. Zhao, V. Zhdanov, A. Ziegler, J. Ziemann, K. Ziętara, A. Zink, J. Ziółkowski, V. Zitelli, A. Zoli, J. Zorn, P. Żychowski

List of contributions from the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) Consortium presented at the 6th International Symposium on High-Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy (Gamma 2016), July 11-15, 2016, in Heidelberg, Germany. Read More

By the modified directed likelihood, higher order accurate confidence limits for a scalar parameter are obtained from the likelihood. They are conveniently described in terms of a confidence distribution, that is a sample dependent distribution function on the parameter space. In this paper we explore a different route to accurate confidence limits via tail-symmetric confidence curves, that is curves that describe equal tailed intervals at any level. Read More

The spectrum and morphology of the diffuse Galactic gamma-ray emission carries valuable information on cosmic ray (CR) propagation. Recent results obtained by analyzing Fermi-LAT data accumulated over seven years of observation show a substantial variation of the CR spectrum as a function of the distance from the Galactic Center. The spatial distribution of the CR density in the outer Galaxy appears to be weakly dependent upon the galactocentric distance, as found in previous studies as well, while the density in the central region of the Galaxy was found to exceed the value measured in the outer Galaxy. Read More

Supernova remnants (SNRs) are thought to be the primary sources of Galactic Cosmic Rays (CRs). In the last few years, the wealth of gamma-ray data collected by GeV and TeV instruments has provided important information about particle energisation in these astrophysical sources, allowing us to make progress in assessing their role as CR accelerators. In particular, the spectrum of the gamma-ray emission detected by AGILE and Fermi-LAT from the two middle aged Supernova Remnants (SNRs) W44 and IC443, has been proposed as a proof of CR acceleration in SNRs. Read More

The escape of cosmic rays from the Galaxy leads to a gradient in the cosmic ray pressure that acts as a force on the background plasma, in the direction opposite to the gravitational pull. If this force is large enough to win against gravity, a wind can be launched that removes gas from the Galaxy, thereby regulating several physical processes, including star formation. The dynamics of these cosmic ray driven winds is intrinsically non-linear in that the spectrum of cosmic rays determines the characteristics of the wind (velocity, pressure, magnetic field) and in turn the wind dynamics affects the cosmic ray spectrum. Read More

The two-parameter Poisson--Dirichlet diffusion, introduced in 2009 by Petrov, extends the infinitely-many-neutral-alleles diffusion model, related to Kingman's one-parameter Poisson--Dirichlet distribution and to certain Fleming--Viot processes. The additional parameter has been shown to regulate the clustering structure of the population, but is yet to be fully understood in the way it governs the reproductive process. Here we shed some light on these dynamics by formulating a $K$-allele Wright--Fisher model for a population of size $N$, involving a uniform mutation pattern and a specific state-dependent migration mechanism. Read More

The residence time of cosmic rays (CRs) in the Galaxy is usually inferred from the measurement of the ratio of secondary-to-primary nuclei, such as the boron (B)/carbon (C) ratio, which provides an estimate of the amount of matter traversed by CRs during their propagation, the so called CR grammage. However, after being released by their parent sources, for instance supernova remnants (SNRs), CRs must cross the disc of the Galaxy, before entering the much lower density halo, in which they are believed to spend most of the time before eventually escaping the Galaxy. In the near-source region, the CR propagation is shown to be dominated by the non-linear self-generation of waves. Read More

The presence of neutral hydrogen in the shock proximity changes the structure of the shock and affects the spectra of particles accelerated through the first-order Fermi mechanism. This phenomenon has profound implications for the interpretation of the multifrequency spectra of radiation from supernova remnants. Neutrals that undergo charge exchange with hot ions downstream of the shock may result in fast neutrals moving towards the upstream gas, where they can suffer additional charge exchange or ionisation reactions, thereby depositing energy and momentum upstream. Read More

We introduce a class of birth-and-death Polya urns, which allow for both sampling and removal of observations governed by an auxiliary inhomogeneous Bernoulli process, and investigate the asymptotic behaviour of the induced allelic partitions. By exploiting some embedded models, we show that the asymptotic regimes exhibit a phase transition from partitions with almost surely infinitely many blocks and independent counts, to stationary partitions with a random number of blocks. The first regime corresponds to limits of Ewens-type partitions and includes a result of Arratia, Barbour and Tavar\'e (1992) as a special case. Read More

In the last years a general consensus has emerged on the use of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) data as a powerful probe of the validity of special relativity. This applies in particular to the propagation of cosmic rays from their sources to Earth, responsible for energy suppressions due to pion photoproduction by UHE protons (the Greisen-Zatsepin Kuzmin limit) and photo disintegration of UHE nuclei (the Gerasimova-Rozental limit). A suppression in the flux of UHECRs at energies above 40 EeV -- as expected from both these interactions -- has been established experimentally beyond any doubt by current experiments. Read More

2015Aug
Authors: The CTA Consortium, :, A. Abchiche, U. Abeysekara, Ó. Abril, F. Acero, B. S. Acharya, M. Actis, G. Agnetta, J. A. Aguilar, F. Aharonian, A. Akhperjanian, A. Albert, M. Alcubierre, R. Alfaro, E. Aliu, A. J. Allafort, D. Allan, I. Allekotte, R. Aloisio, J. -P. Amans, E. Amato, L. Ambrogi, G. Ambrosi, M. Ambrosio, J. Anderson, M. Anduze, E. O. Angüner, E. Antolini, L. A. Antonelli, M. Antonucci, V. Antonuccio, P. Antoranz, C. Aramo, A. Aravantinos, A. Argan, T. Armstrong, H. Arnaldi, L. Arnold, L. Arrabito, M. Arrieta, M. Arrieta, K. Asano, H. G. Asorey, T. Aune, C. B. Singh, A. Babic, M. Backes, A. Bais, S. Bajtlik, C. Balazs, M. Balbo, D. Balis, C. Balkowski, O. Ballester, J. Ballet, A. Balzer, A. Bamba, R. Bandiera, A. Barber, C. Barbier, M. Barceló, A. Barnacka, U. Barres de Almeida, J. A. Barrio, S. Basso, D. Bastieri, C. Bauer, A. Baushev, U. Becciani, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, V. Beckmann, W. Bednarek, W. Benbow, D. Benedico Ventura, J. Berdugo, D. Berge, E. Bernardini, S. Bernhard, K. Bernlöhr, B. Bertucci, M. -A. Besel, N. Bhatt, P. Bhattacharjee, S. Bhattachryya, B. Biasuzzi, G. Bicknell, C. Bigongiari, A. Biland, S. Billotta, W. Bilnik, B. Biondo, T. Bird, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, M. Bitossi, O. Blanch Bigas, P. Blasi, C. Boehm, L. Bogacz, M. Bogdan, M. Bohacova, C. Boisson, J. Boix Gargallo, J. Bolmont, G. Bonanno, A. Bonardi, P. Bonifacio, G. Bonnoli, J. Borkowski, R. Bose, Z. Bosnjak, A. Bottani, M. Böttcher, J. -J. Bousquet, C. Boutonnet, F. Bouyjou, C. Braiding, L. Brandt, S. Brau-Nogué, J. Bregeon, T. Bretz, M. Briggs, M. Brigida, T. Bringmann, W. Brisken, E. Brocato, P. Brook, A. M. Brown, P. Brun, G. Brunetti, L. Brunetti, P. Bruno, M. Bryan, T. Buanes, N. Bucciantini, G. Buchholtz, J. Buckley, V. Bugaev, R. Bühler, A. Bulgarelli, T. Bulik, M. Burton, A. Burtovoi, G. Busetto, S. Buson, J. Buss, K. Byrum, R. Cameron, J. Camprecios, F. Canelli, R. Canestrari, S. Cantu, M. Capalbi, M. Capasso, G. Capobianco, P. Caraveo, J. Cardenzana, S. Carius, C. Carlile, E. Carmona, A. Carosi, R. Carosi, J. Carr, M. Carroll, J. Carter, P. -H. Carton, R. Caruso, J. -M. Casandjian, S. Casanova, E. Cascone, M. Casiraghi, A. Castellina, O. Catalano, S. Catalanotti, S. Cavazzani, S. Cazaux, M. Cefalà, P. Cerchiara, M. Cereda, M. Cerruti, E. Chabanne, P. Chadwick, C. Champion, S. Chaty, R. Chaves, P. Cheimets, A. Chen, X. Chen, M. Chernyakova, L. Chiappetti, M. Chikawa, D. Chinn, V. R. Chitnis, N. Cho, A. Christov, J. Chudoba, M. Cieślar, A. Cillis, M. A. Ciocci, R. Clay, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, P. Colin, E. Colombo, J. Colome, S. Colonges, M. Compin, V. Conforti, V. Connaughton, S. Connell, J. Conrad, J. L. Contreras, P. Coppi, S. Corbel, J. Coridian, P. Corona, D. Corti, J. Cortina, L. Cossio, A. Costa, H. Costantini, G. Cotter, B. Courty, S. Covino, G. Covone, G. Crimi, S. J. Criswell, R. Crocker, J. Croston, G. Cusumano, P. Da Vela, Ø. Dale, F. D'Ammando, D. Dang, M. Daniel, I. Davids, B. Dawson, F. Dazzi, B. de Aguiar Costa, A. De Angelis, R. F. de Araujo Cardoso, V. De Caprio, G. De Cesare, A. De Franco, F. De Frondat, E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino, I. de la Calle, G. A. De La Vega, R. de los Reyes Lopez, B. De Lotto, A. De Luca, J. R. T. de Mello Neto, M. de Naurois, E. de Oña Wilhelmi, F. De Palma, V. de Souza, G. Decock, C. Deil, M. Del Santo, E. Delagnes, G. Deleglise, C. Delgado, D. della Volpe, P. Deloye, G. Depaola, M. Detournay, A. Dettlaff, T. Di Girolamo, C. Di Giulio, A. Di Paola, F. Di Pierro, G. Di Sciascio, C. Díaz, J. Dick, H. Dickinson, S. Diebold, V. Diez, S. Digel, J. Dipold, G. Disset, A. Distefano, A. Djannati-Ataï, M. Doert, M. Dohmke, W. Domainko, N. Dominik, D. Dominis Prester, A. Donat, I. Donnarumma, D. Dorner, M. Doro, J. -L. Dournaux, K. Doyle, G. Drake, D. Dravins, L. Drury, G. Dubus, D. Dumas, J. Dumm, D. Durand, D. D'Urso, V. Dwarkadas, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, J. Ebr, J. C. Echaniz, E. Edy, K. Egberts, K. Egberts, P. Eger, S. Einecke, J. Eisch, F. Eisenkolb, C. Eleftheriadis, D. Elsässer, D. Emmanoulopoulos, C. Engelbrecht, D. Engelhaupt, J. -P. Ernenwein, M. Errando, S. Eschbach, A. Etchegoyen, P. Evans, M. Fairbairn, A. Falcone, D. Fantinel, K. Farakos, C. Farnier, E. Farrell, S. Farrell, G. Fasola, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, D. Ferenc, A. Fernandez, M. Fernandez-Alonso, O. Ferreira, M. Fesquet, P. Fetfatzis, A. Fiasson, A. Filipčič, M. Filipovic, D. Fink, C. Finley, J. P. Finley, A. Finoguenov, V. Fioretti, M. Fiorini, R. Firpo Curcoll, H. Fleischhack, H. Flores, D. Florin, C. Föhr, E. Fokitis, L. Font, G. Fontaine, B. Fontes, F. Forest, M. Fornasa, A. Förster, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, N. Fouque, A. Franckowiak, F. J. Franco, A. Frankowski, N. Frega, I. Freire Mota Albuquerque, L. Freixas Coromina, L. Fresnillo, C. Fruck, M. Fuessling, D. Fugazza, Y. Fujita, S. Fukami, Y. Fukazawa, T. Fukuda, Y. Fukui, S. Funk, W. Gäbele, S. Gabici, A. Gadola, N. Galante, D. D. Gall, Y. Gallant, D. Galloway, S. Gallozzi, S. Gao, B. Garcia, R. García Gil, R. Garcia López, M. Garczarczyk, D. Gardiol, C. Gargano, F. Gargano, S. Garozzo, F. Garrecht, D. Garrido, L. Garrido, D. Gascon, J. Gaskins, J. Gaudemard, M. Gaug, J. Gaweda, N. Geffroy, L. Gérard, A. Ghalumyan, A. Ghedina, M. Ghigo, P. Ghislain, E. Giannakaki, F. Gianotti, S. Giarrusso, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, V. Gika, R. Gimenes, M. Giomi, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, G. Giovannini, E. Giro, M. Giroletti, A. Giuliani, J. -F. Glicenstein, N. Godinovic, P. Goldoni, M. Gomez Berisso, G. A. Gomez Vargas, M. M. Gonzalez, A. González, F. González, A. González Muñoz, K. S. Gothe, D. Gotz, T. Grabarczyk, R. Graciani, P. Grandi, F. Grañena, J. Granot, G. Grasseau, R. Gredig, A. J. Green, A. M. Green, T. Greenshaw, I. Grenier, A. Grillo, M. -H. Grondin, J. Grube, M. Grudzinska, J. Grygorczuk, V. Guarino, D. Guberman, S. Gunji, G. Gyuk, D. Hadasch, A. Hagedorn, J. Hahn, N. Hakansson, N. Hamer Heras, Y. Hanabata, S. Hara, M. J. Hardcastle, J. Harris, T. Hassan, K. Hatanaka, T. Haubold, A. Haupt, T. Hayakawa, M. Hayashida, M. Heller, R. Heller, F. Henault, G. Henri, G. Hermann, R. Hermel, J. Herrera Llorente, A. Herrero, O. Hervet, N. Hidaka, J. Hinton, W. Hirai, K. Hirotani, D. Hoard, D. Hoffmann, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, T. Holch, J. Holder, S. Hooper, D. Horan, J. R. Hörandel, S. Hormigos, D. Horns, J. Hose, J. Houles, T. Hovatta, M. Hrabovsky, D. Hrupec, J. -M. Huet, M. Hütten, T. B. Humensky, J. Huovelin, J. -F. Huppert, M. Iacovacci, A. Ibarra, B. Idźkowski, D. Ikawa, J. M. Illa, D. Impiombato, S. Incorvaia, Y. Inome, S. Inoue, T. Inoue, Y. Inoue, F. Iocco, K. Ioka, M. Iori, K. Ishio, G. L. Israel, C. Jablonski, A. Jacholkowska, J. Jacquemier, M. Jamrozy, P. Janecek, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, P. Jean, C. Jeanney, I. Jegouzo, P. Jenke, J. J. Jimenez, M. Jingo, M. Jingo, L. Jocou, T. Jogler, C. A. Johnson, L. Journet, C. Juffroy, I. Jung, P. E. Kaaret, M. Kagaya, J. Kakuwa, O. Kalekin, C. Kalkuhl, R. Kankanyan, A. Karastergiou, K. Kärcher, M. Karczewski, S. Karkar, P. Karn, J. Kasperek, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, K. Katarzyński, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, N. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, D. Kazanas, N. Kelley-Hoskins, B. Kellner-Leidel, E. Kendziorra, J. Kersten, B. Khélifi, D. B. Kieda, T. Kihm, S. Kisaka, R. Kissmann, S. Klepser, W. Kluźniak, J. Knapen, J. Knapp, J. Knödlseder, F. Köck, J. Kocot, A. Kodakkadan, K. Kodani, K. Kohri, T. Kojima, K. Kokkotas, D. Kolitzus, N. Komin, I. Kominis, Y. Konno, K. Kosack, G. Koss, R. Koul, G. Kowal, S. Koyama, J. Kozioł, M. Kraus, J. Krause, M. Krause, H. Krawzcynski, F. Krennrich, A. Kretzschmann, P. Kruger, H. Kubo, V. Kudryavtsev, G. Kukec Mezek, J. Kushida, A. Kuznetsov, A. La Barbera, N. La Palombara, V. La Parola, G. La Rosa, H. Laffon, T. Lagadec, R. Lahmann, K. Lalik, G. Lamanna, D. Landriu, H. Landt, R. G. Lang, D. Languignon, J. Lapington, P. Laporte, N. Latovski, D. Law-Green, J. -P. Le Fèvre, T. Le Flour, P. Le Sidaner, S. -H. Lee, W. H. Lee, K. Leffhalm, H. Leich, M. A. Leigui de Oliveira, D. Lelas, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, R. Leonard, R. Leoni, L. Lessio, G. Leto, A. Leveque, B. Lieunard, M. Limon, R. Lindemann, E. Lindfors, A. Liolios, A. Lipniacka, H. Lockart, T. Lohse, D. Loiseau, E. Łokas, S. Lombardi, F. Longo, G. Longo, A. Lopatin, M. Lopez, R. López-Coto, A. López-Oramas, D. Loreggia, T. Louge, F. Louis, C. -C. Lu, F. Lucarelli, D. Lucchesi, H. Lüdecke, P. L. Luque-Escamilla, O. Luz, E. Lyard, M. C. Maccarone, T. J. Maccarone, E. Mach, G. M. Madejski, A. Madonna, M. Mahabir, G. Maier, P. Majumdar, M. Makariev, G. Malaguti, G. Malaspina, A. K. Mallot, S. Maltezos, A. Mancilla, D. Mandat, G. Maneva, P. Manigot, N. Mankushiyil, K. Mannheim, N. Maragos, D. Marano, P. Marchegiani, J. A. Marcomini, A. Marcowith, M. Mariotti, M. Marisaldi, S. Markoff, A. Marszałek, C. Martens, J. Martí, J. -M. Martin, P. Martin, G. Martínez, M. Martínez, O. Martínez, R. Marx, P. Massimino, A. Mastichiadis, S. Mastroianni, M. Mastropietro, S. Masuda, H. Matsumoto, S. Matsuoka, S. Mattiazzo, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, J. Maya, M. Mayer, D. Mazin, E. Mazureau, M. N. Mazziotta, L. Mc Comb, A. McCann, N. McCubbin, I. McHardy, R. McKay, K. McKinney, K. Meagher, C. Medina, F. Mehrez, C. Melioli, D. Melkumyan, D. Melo, T. Melse, S. Mereghetti, P. Mertsch, M. Meyer, J. L. Meyrelles jr, A. Miccichè, J. Michałowski, P. Micolon, P. Mientjes, S. Mignot, A. Mihailidis, T. Mineo, M. Minuti, N. Mirabal, F. Mirabel, J. M. Miranda, R. Mirzoyan, A. Mistò, A. Mitchell, T. Mizuno, R. Moderski, I. Mognet, M. Mohammed, R. Moharana, E. Molinari, E. Monmarthe, G. Monnier, T. Montaruli, C. Monte, I. Monteiro, P. Moore, A. Moralejo Olaizola, C. Morello, E. Moretti, K. Mori, G. Morlino, A. Morselli, F. Mottez, Y. Moudden, E. Moulin, I. Mrusek, S. Mueller, R. Mukherjee, P. Munar-Adrover, C. Mundell, H. Muraishi, K. Murase, A. Muronga, A. Murphy, S. Nagataki, T. Nagayoshi, B. K. Nagesh, T. Naito, D. Nakajima, T. Nakamori, K. Nakayama, D. Naumann, P. Nayman, L. Nellen, R. Nemmen, A. Neronov, V. Neustroev, N. Neyroud, T. Nguyen, L. Nicastro, J. Nicolau-Kukliński, F. Niederwanger, A. Niedźwiecki, J. Niemiec, D. Nieto, M. Nievas, A. Nikolaidis, K. Nishijima, K. -I. Nishikawa, K. Noda, L. Nogues, S. Nolan, R. Northrop, D. Nosek, L. Nozka, F. Nunio, L. Oakes, P. O'Brien, G. Occhipinti, A. O'Faolain de Bhroithe, M. Ogino, Y. Ohira, M. Ohishi, S. Ohm, H. Ohoka, A. Okumura, J. -F. Olive, D. Olszowski, R. A. Ong, S. Ono, M. Orienti, R. Orito, A. Orlati, A. Orlati, J. Osborne, M. Ostrowski, L. A. Otero, D. Ottaway, N. Otte, I. Oya, A. Ozieblo, M. Padovani, I. Pagano, S. Paiano, A. Paizis, J. Palacio, M. Palatka, J. Pallotta, K. Panagiotidis, J. -L. Panazol, D. Paneque, M. Panter, M. R. Panzera, R. Paoletti, M. Paolillo, A. Papayannis, G. Papyan, A. Paravac, J. M. Paredes, G. Pareschi, N. Park, D. Parsons, P. Paśko, S. Pavy, M. Paz Arribas, M. Pech, A. Peck, G. Pedaletti, S. Peet, V. Pelassa, D. Pelat, C. Peres, M. d. C. Perez, L. Perri, M. Persic, A. Petrashyk, P. -O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, M. Pfeifer, G. Pfeiffer, G. Piano, A. Pichel, D. Pieloth, M. Pierbattista, E. Pierre, F. Pinto de Pinho, C. Pio García, Y. Piret, S. Pita, A. Planes, M. Platino, Ł. Platos, R. Platzer, S. Podkladkin, L. Pogosyan, M. Pohl, P. Poinsignon, J. D. Ponz, A. Porcelli, W. Potter, S. Poulios, J. Poutanen, E. Prandini, J. Prast, R. Preece, F. Profeti, D. Prokhorov, H. Prokoph, M. Prouza, M. Proyetti, R. Pruchniewicz, E. Pueschel, G. Pühlhofer, I. Puljak, M. Punch, R. Pyzioł, F. Queiroz, E. J. Quel, J. Quinn, A. Quirrenbach, E. Racero, T. Räck, J. Rafalski, I. Rafighi, S. Rainò, P. J. Rajda, M. Rameez, R. Rando, R. C. Rannot, M. Rataj, S. Rateau, T. Ravel, D. Ravignani, S. Razzaque, P. Reardon, O. Reimann, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, K. Reitberger, M. Renaud, S. Renner, T. Reposeur, R. Rettig, B. Reville, W. Rhode, D. Ribeiro, M. Ribó, G. Richards, M. G. Richer, J. Rico, J. Ridky, F. Rieger, P. Ringegni, P. R. Ristori, A. Rivière, S. Rivoire, E. Roache, G. Rodeghiero, J. Rodriguez, G. Rodriguez Fernandez, J. J. Rodríguez Vázquez, T. Rogers, G. Rojas, P. Romano, M. P. Romay Rodriguez, G. Romeo, G. E. Romero, M. Roncadelli, J. Rose, S. Rosen, S. Rosier Lees, D. Ross, P. Rossiter, G. Rouaix, J. Rousselle, A. C. Rovero, G. Rowell, F. Roy, S. Royer, A. Różańska, B. Rudak, A. Rugliancich, C. Rulten, M. Rupiński, F. Russo, K. Rutkowski, O. Saavedra, S. Sabatini, B. Sacco, E. O. Saemann, A. Saggion, L. Saha, V. Sahakian, K. Saito, T. Saito, N. Sakaki, M. Salega, D. Salek, J. Salgado, A. Salini, D. Sanchez, F. Sanchez, M. Sanchez-Conde, H. Sandaker, A. Sandoval, P. Sangiorgi, M. Sanguillon, H. Sano, M. Santander, A. Santangelo, E. M. Santos, R. Santos-Lima, A. Sanuy, L. Sapozhnikov, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, R. Savalle, M. Sawada, F. Sayède, J. Schafer, S. Schanne, T. Schanz, E. J. Schioppa, S. Schlenstedt, R. Schlickeiser, T. Schmidt, J. Schmoll, M. Schneider, P. Schovanek, A. Schubert, C. Schultz, J. Schultze, A. Schulz, S. Schulz, K. Schure, F. Schussler, T. Schwab, U. Schwanke, J. Schwarz, T. Schweizer, S. Schwemmer, U. Schwendicke, C. Schwerdt, A. Segreto, J. -H. Seiradakis, G. H. Sembroski, D. Semikoz, N. Serre, M. Servillat, K. Seweryn, N. Shafi, M. Sharma, M. Shayduk, R. C. Shellard, T. Shibata, K. Shiningayamwe Pandeni, A. Shukla, E. Shum, L. Sidoli, M. Sidz, J. Sieiro, H. Siejkowski, J. Silk, A. Sillanpää, D. Simone, B. B. Singh, A. Sinha, G. Sironi, J. Sitarek, P. Sizun, V. Slyusar, A. Smith, J. Smith, D. Sobczyńska, H. Sol, G. Sottile, M. Sowiński, F. Spanier, G. Spengler, D. Spiga, R. Stadler, O. Stahl, V. Stamatescu, A. Stamerra, S. Stanič, R. Starling, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, S. Stefanik, C. Stegmann, S. Steiner, C. Stella, N. Stergioulas, R. Sternberger, M. Sterzel, B. Stevenson, F. Stinzing, M. Stodulska, M. Stodulski, T. Stolarczyk, U. Straumann, E. Strazzeri, L. Stringhetti, M. Strzys, R. Stuik, K. -H. Sulanke, A. D. Supanitsky, T. Suric, I. Sushch, P. Sutcliffe, J. Sykes, M. Szanecki, T. Szepieniec, P. Szwarnog, A. Tacchini, K. Tachihara, G. Tagliaferri, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, K. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, L. Takalo, H. Takami, G. Talbot, J. Tammi, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, C. Tanci, E. Tarantino, M. Tavani, F. Tavecchio, J. -P. Tavernet, K. Tayabaly, L. A. Tejedor, I. Telezhinsky, F. Temme, P. Temnikov, C. Tenzer, Y. Terada, R. Terrier, D. Tescaro, M. Teshima, V. Testa, D. Tezier, J. Thayer, V. Thomas, J. Thornhill, D. Thuermann, L. Tibaldo, O. Tibolla, A. Tiengo, G. Tijsseling, M. C. Timpanaro, M. Tluczykont, C. J. Todero Peixoto, F. Tokanai, M. Tokarz, K. Toma, K. Toma, J. Tomastik, Y. Tomono, A. Tonachini, D. Tonev, K. Torii, M. Tornikoski, D. F. Torres, M. Torres, E. Torresi, S. Toscano, G. Toso, G. Tosti, T. Totani, N. Tothill, F. Toussenel, G. Tovmassian, C. Townsley, T. Toyama, P. Travnicek, M. Trifoglio, I. Troyano Pujadas, I. Troyano Pujadas, M. Trzeciak, K. Tsinganos, Y. Tsubone, Y. Tsuchiya, S. Tsujimoto, T. Tsuru, Y. Uchiyama, G. Umana, Y. Umetsu, C. Underwood, S. S. Upadhya, M. Uslenghi, F. Vagnetti, J. Valdes-Galicia, P. Vallania, G. Vallejo, L. Valore, W. van Driel, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, J. Vandenbroucke, J. Vanderwalt, G. Vasileiadis, V. Vassiliev, M. L. Vázquez Acosta, M. Vecchi, I. Vegas, P. Veitch, L. Venema, C. Venter, S. Vercellone, S. Vergani, K. Verma, V. Verzi, G. P. Vettolani, A. Viana, J. Vicha, M. Videla, C. Vigorito, P. Vincent, S. Vincent, J. Vink, V. Vittorini, N. Vlahakis, L. Vlahos, H. Voelk, P. Vogler, V. Voisin, A. Vollhardt, A. Volpicelli, S. Vorobiov, I. Vovk, L. V. Vu, R. Wagner, R. M. Wagner, R. G. Wagner, S. J. Wagner, S. P. Wakely, R. Walter, T. Walther, J. E. Ward, M. Ward, K. Warda, R. Warwick, S. Wassberg, J. Watson, P. Wawer, R. Wawrzaszek, N. Webb, P. Wegner, A. Weinstein, Q. Weitzel, R. Wells, F. Werner, M. Werner, H. Wetteskind, M. White, R. White, M. Więcek, A. Wierzcholska, S. Wiesand, R. Wijers, N. Wild, A. Wilhelm, M. Wilkinson, M. Will, D. A. Williams, J. T. Williams, R. Willingale, M. Winde, K. Winiarski, H. Winkler, R. Wischnewski, P. Wojcik, D. Wolf, M. Wood, A. Wörnlein, E. Wu, T. Wu, K. K. Yadav, H. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, R. Yamazaki, S. Yanagita, L. Yang, J. M. Yebras, D. Yelos, W. Yeung, A. Yoshida, T. Yoshida, S. Yoshiike, T. Yoshikoshi, P. Yu, V. Zabalza, V. Zabalza, M. Zacharias, G. Zaharijas, A. Zajczyk, L. Zampieri, F. Zandanel, R. Zanin, R. Zanmar Sanchez, D. Zavrtanik, M. Zavrtanik, A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. Zechlin, A. Zhao, A. Ziegler, J. Ziemann, K. Ziętara, J. Ziółkowski, V. Zitelli, A. Zoli, C. Zurbach, P. Żychowski

List of contributions from the CTA Consortium presented at the 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 30 July - 6 August 2015, The Hague, The Netherlands. Read More

2015Aug
Affiliations: 1INAF-Arcetri/GSSI, 2INAF-Arcetri, 3GSSI

Most models of the origin of ultra high energy cosmic rays rely on the existence of luminous extragalactic sources. Cosmic rays escaping the galaxy where the source is located produce a sufficiently large electric current to justify the investigation of plasma instabilities induced by such current. Most interesting is the excitation of modes that lead to production of magnetic perturbations that may scatter particles thereby hindering their escape, or at least changing the propagation mode of escaping cosmic rays. Read More

2015Aug

The ultra-high energy cosmic rays observed at the Earth are most likely accelerated in extra-galactic sources. For the typical luminosities invoked for such sources, the electric current associated to the flux of cosmic rays that leave them is large. The associated plasma instabilities create magnetic fluctuations that can efficiently scatter particles. Read More

One of the most important challenges for the largely accepted idea that Galactic CRs are accelerated in SNR shocks is the maximum energy at which particles can be accelerated. The resonant streaming instability, long invoked for magnetic field amplification at shocks, can not provide sufficiently high fields and efficient enough scattering so as to ensure particle acceleration up to the knee. Here we discuss the non-resonant version of this instability which, with its faster growth and larger value of the amplified field, increases the achievable maximum energy. Read More

Context: Features in the spectra of primary cosmic rays (CRs) provide invaluable information on the propagation of these particles in the Galaxy. In the rigidity region around a few hundred GV, such features have been measured in the proton and helium spectra by the PAMELA experiment and later confirmed with a higher significance by AMS-02. We investigate the implications of these datasets for the scenario in which CRs propagate under the action of self-generated waves. Read More

Young, fast-rotating neutron stars are promising candidate sources for the production of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). The interest in this model has recently been boosted by the latest chemical composition measurements of cosmic rays, that seem to show the presence of a heavy nuclear component at the highest energies. Neutrons stars, with their metal-rich surfaces, are potentially interesting sources of such nuclei, but some open issues remain: 1) is it possible to extract these nuclei from the star's surface? 2) Do the nuclei survive the severe conditions present in the magnetosphere of the neutron star? 3) What happens to the surviving nuclei once they enter the wind that is launched outside the light cylinder? In this paper we address these issues in a quantitative way, proving that for the most reasonable range of neutron star surface temperatures ($T<10^7\,$K), a large fraction of heavy nuclei survive photo-disintegration losses. Read More

While from the energetic point of view SNRs are viable sources of Galactic CRs, the issue of whether they can accelerate protons up to PeV remains unsolved. Here we discuss particle acceleration at the forward shock of SN and discuss the possibility that the escaping particle current may excite a non-resonant instability that in turn leads to the formation of resonant modes confining particles close to the shock and increasing the maximum energy. This mechanism works throughout the expansion of the SN explosion, from the ejecta dominated (ED) to the Sedov-Taylor (ST) phase. Read More

Discrete random probability measures and the exchangeable random partitions they induce are key tools for addressing a variety of estimation and prediction problems in Bayesian inference. Indeed, many popular nonparametric priors, such as the Dirichlet and the Pitman-Yor process priors, select discrete probability distributions almost surely and, therefore, automatically induce exchangeable random partitions. Here we focus on the family of Gibbs-type priors, a recent and elegant generalization of the Dirichlet and the Pitman-Yor process priors. Read More

The search for a theory of the origin of cosmic rays that may be considered as a standard, agreeable model is still ongoing. On one hand, much circumstantial evidence exists of the fact that supernovae in our Galaxy play a crucial role in producing the bulk of cosmic rays observed on Earth. On the other hand, important questions about their ability to accelerate particles up to the knee remain unanswered. Read More

The recently introduced two-parameter Poisson-Dirichlet diffusion extends the infinitely-many-neutral-alleles model, related to Kingman's distribution and to Fleming-Viot processes. The role of the additional parameter has been shown to regulate the clustering structure of the population, but is yet to be fully understood in the way it governs the reproductive process. Here we shed some light on these dynamics by providing a finite-population construction, with finitely-many species, of the two-parameter infinite-dimensional diffusion. Read More

While there is some level of consensus on a Galactic origin of cosmic rays up to the knee ($E_{k}\sim 3\times 10^{15}$ eV) and on an extragalactic origin of cosmic rays with energy above $\sim 10^{19}$ eV, the debate on the genesis of cosmic rays in the intermediate energy region has received much less attention, mainly because of the ambiguity intrinsic in defining such a region. The energy range between $10^{17}$ eV and $\sim 10^{19}$ eV is likely to be the place where the transition from Galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays takes place. Hence the origin of these particles, though being of the highest importance from the physics point of view, it is also one of the most difficult aspects to investigate. Read More

We use a kinetic-equation approach to describe the propagation of ultra high energy cosmic ray protons and nuclei and calculate the expected spectra and mass composition at the Earth for different assumptions on the source injection spectra and chemical abundances. When compared with the spectrum, the elongation rate $X_{max}(E)$ and dispersion $\sigma(X_{max})$ as observed with the Pierre Auger Observatory, several important consequences can be drawn: a) the injection spectra of nuclei must be very hard, $\sim E^{-\gamma}$ with $\gamma\sim 1-1.6$; b) the maximum energy of nuclei of charge $Z$ in the sources must be $\sim 5Z\times 10^{18}$ eV, thereby not requiring acceleration to extremely high energies; c) the fit to the Auger spectrum can be obtained only at the price of adding an {\it ad hoc} light extragalactic component with a steep injection spectrum ($\sim E^{-2. Read More

The last decade has been dense with new developments in the search for the sources of Galactic cosmic rays. Some of these developments have confirmed the tight connection between cosmic rays and supernovae in our Galaxy, through the detection of gamma rays and the observation of thin non-thermal X-ray rims in supernova remnants. Some other, such as the detection of features in the spectra of some chemicals opened new questions on the propagation of cosmic rays in the Galaxy and on details of the acceleration process. Read More

2013Nov

One century ago Viktor Hess carried out several balloon flights that led him to conclude that the penetrating radiation responsible for the discharge of electroscopes was of extraterrestrial origin. One century from the discovery of this phenomenon seems to be a good time to stop and think about what we have understood about Cosmic Rays. The aim of this review is to illustrate the ideas that have been and are being explored in order to account for the observable quantities related to cosmic rays and to summarize the numerous new pieces of observation that are becoming available. Read More

Context. Observation of Balmer lines from the region around the forward shock of supernova remnants (SNR) may provide valuable information on the shock dynamics and the efficiency of particle acceleration at the shock. Aims. Read More

2013Sep
Authors: Paolo Soffitta, Xavier Barcons, Ronaldo Bellazzini, João Braga, Enrico Costa, George W. Fraser, Szymon Gburek, Juhani Huovelin, Giorgio Matt, Mark Pearce, Juri Poutanen, Victor Reglero, Andrea Santangelo, Rashid A. Sunyaev, Gianpiero Tagliaferri, Martin Weisskopf, Roberto Aloisio, Elena Amato, Primo Attiná, Magnus Axelsson, Luca Baldini, Stefano Basso, Stefano Bianchi, Pasquale Blasi, Johan Bregeon, Alessandro Brez, Niccoló Bucciantini, Luciano Burderi, Vadim Burwitz, Piergiorgio Casella, Eugene Churazov, Marta Civitani, Stefano Covino, Rui Miguel Curado da Silva, Giancarlo Cusumano, Mauro Dadina, Flavio D'Amico, Alessandra De Rosa, Sergio Di Cosimo, Giuseppe Di Persio, Tiziana Di Salvo, Michal Dovciak, Ronald Elsner, Chris J. Eyles, Andrew C. Fabian, Sergio Fabiani, Hua Feng, Salvatore Giarrusso, René W. Goosmann, Paola Grandi, Nicolas Grosso, Gianluca Israel, Miranda Jackson, Philip Kaaret, Vladimir Karas, Michael Kuss, Dong Lai, Giovanni La Rosa, Josefin Larsson, Stefan Larsson, Luca Latronico, Antonio Maggio, Jorge Maia, Frédéric Marin, Marco Maria Massai, Teresa Mineo, Massimo Minuti, Elena Moretti, Fabio Muleri, Stephen L. O'Dell, Giovanni Pareschi, Giovanni Peres, Melissa Pesce, Pierre-Olivier Petrucci, Michele Pinchera, Delphine Porquet, Brian Ramsey, Nanda Rea, Fabio Reale, Juana Maria Rodrigo, Agata Różańska, Alda Rubini, Pawel Rudawy, Felix Ryde, Marco Salvati, Valdivino Alexandre de Santiago Júnior, Sergey Sazonov, Carmelo Sgró, Eric Silver, Gloria Spandre, Daniele Spiga, Luigi Stella, Toru Tamagawa, Francesco Tamborra, Fabrizio Tavecchio, Teresa Teixeira Dias, Matthew van Adelsberg, Kinwah Wu, Silvia Zane

X-ray polarimetry, sometimes alone, and sometimes coupled to spectral and temporal variability measurements and to imaging, allows a wealth of physical phenomena in astrophysics to be studied. X-ray polarimetry investigates the acceleration process, for example, including those typical of magnetic reconnection in solar flares, but also emission in the strong magnetic fields of neutron stars and white dwarfs. It detects scattering in asymmetric structures such as accretion disks and columns, and in the so-called molecular torus and ionization cones. Read More

Cosmic rays propagating in the Galaxy may excite a streaming instability when their motion is super-alfvenic, thereby producing the conditions for their own diffusion. We present the results of a self-consistent solution of the transport equation where diffusion occurs because of the self-generated turbulence together with a preexisting turbulence injected, for instance, by supernova explosions and cascading to smaller scales. All chemicals are included in our calculations, so that we are able to show the secondary to primary ratios in addition to the spectra of the individual elements. Read More

2013Jul
Authors: The CTA Consortium, :, O. Abril, B. S. Acharya, M. Actis, G. Agnetta, J. A. Aguilar, F. Aharonian, M. Ajello, A. Akhperjanian, M. Alcubierre, J. Aleksic, R. Alfaro, E. Aliu, A. J. Allafort, D. Allan, I. Allekotte, R. Aloisio, E. Amato, G. Ambrosi, M. Ambrosio, J. Anderson, E. O. Angüner, L. A. Antonelli, V. Antonuccio, M. Antonucci, P. Antoranz, A. Aravantinos, A. Argan, T. Arlen, C. Aramo, T. Armstrong, H. Arnaldi, L. Arrabito, K. Asano, T. Ashton, H. G. Asorey, T. Aune, Y. Awane, H. Baba, A. Babic, N. Baby, J. Bähr, A. Bais, C. Baixeras, S. Bajtlik, M. Balbo, D. Balis, C. Balkowski, J. Ballet, A. Bamba, R. Bandiera, A. Barber, C. Barbier, M. Barceló, A. Barnacka, J. Barnstedt, U. Barres de Almeida, J. A. Barrio, A. Basili, S. Basso, D. Bastieri, C. Bauer, A. Baushev, U. Becciani, J. Becerra, J. Becerra, Y. Becherini, K. C. Bechtol, J. Becker Tjus, V. Beckmann, W. Bednarek, B. Behera, M. Belluso, W. Benbow, J. Berdugo, D. Berge, K. Berger, F. Bernard, T. Bernardino, K. Bernlöhr, B. Bertucci, N. Bhat, S. Bhattacharyya, B. Biasuzzi, C. Bigongiari, A. Biland, S. Billotta, T. Bird, E. Birsin, E. Bissaldi, J. Biteau, M. Bitossi, S. Blake, O. Blanch Bigas, P. Blasi, A. Bobkov, V. Boccone, M. Böttcher, L. Bogacz, J. Bogart, M. Bogdan, C. Boisson, J. Boix Gargallo, J. Bolmont, G. Bonanno, A. Bonardi, T. Bonev, P. Bonifacio, G. Bonnoli, P. Bordas, A. Borgland, J. Borkowski, R. Bose, O. Botner, A. Bottani, L. Bouchet, M. Bourgeat, C. Boutonnet, A. Bouvier, S. Brau-Nogué, I. Braun, T. Bretz, M. Briggs, M. Brigida, T. Bringmann, R. Britto, P. Brook, P. Brun, L. Brunetti, P. Bruno, N. Bucciantini, T. Buanes, J. Buckley, R. Bühler, V. Bugaev, A. Bulgarelli, T. Bulik, G. Busetto, S. Buson, K. Byrum, M. Cailles, R. Cameron, J. Camprecios, R. Canestrari, S. Cantu, M. Capalbi, P. Caraveo, E. Carmona, A. Carosi, R. Carosi, J. Carr, J. Carter, P. -H. Carton, R. Caruso, S. Casanova, E. Cascone, M. Casiraghi, A. Castellina, O. Catalano, S. Cavazzani, S. Cazaux, P. Cerchiara, M. Cerruti, E. Chabanne, P. Chadwick, C. Champion, R. Chaves, P. Cheimets, A. Chen, J. Chiang, L. Chiappetti, M. Chikawa, V. R. Chitnis, F. Chollet, A. Christof, J. Chudoba, M. Cieślar, A. Cillis, M. Cilmo, A. Codino, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, P. Colin, J. Colome, S. Colonges, M. Compin, P. Conconi, V. Conforti, V. Connaughton, J. Conrad, J. L. Contreras, P. Coppi, J. Coridian, P. Corona, D. Corti, J. Cortina, L. Cossio, A. Costa, H. Costantini, G. Cotter, B. Courty, S. Couturier, S. Covino, G. Crimi, S. J. Criswell, J. Croston, G. Cusumano, M. Dafonseca, O. Dale, M. Daniel, J. Darling, I. Davids, F. Dazzi, A. de Angelis, V. De Caprio, F. De Frondat, E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino, I. de la Calle, G. A. De La Vega, R. de los Reyes Lopez, B. de Lotto, A. De Luca, M. de Naurois, Y. de Oliveira, E. de Oña Wilhelmi, F. de Palma, V. de Souza, G. Decerprit, G. Decock, C. Deil, E. Delagnes, G. Deleglise, C. Delgado, D. della Volpe, P. Demange, G. Depaola, A. Dettlaff, T. Di Girolamo, C. Di Giulio, A. Di Paola, F. Di Pierro, G. di Sciascio, C. Díaz, J. Dick, R. Dickherber, H. Dickinson, V. Diez-Blanco, S. Digel, D. Dimitrov, G. Disset, A. Djannati-Ataï, M. Doert, M. Dohmke, W. Domainko, D. Dominis Prester, A. Donat, D. Dorner, M. Doro, J. -L. Dournaux, G. Drake, D. Dravins, L. Drury, F. Dubois, R. Dubois, G. Dubus, C. Dufour, D. Dumas, J. Dumm, D. Durand, V. Dwarkadas, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, J. Ebr, E. Edy, K. Egberts, P. Eger, S. Einecke, C. Eleftheriadis, S. Elles, D. Emmanoulopoulos, D. Engelhaupt, R. Enomoto, J. -P. Ernenwein, M. Errando, A. Etchegoyen, P. A. Evans, A. Falcone, A. Faltenbacher, D. Fantinel, K. Farakos, C. Farnier, E. Farrell, G. Fasola, B. W. Favill, E. Fede, S. Federici, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, D. Ferenc, P. Ferrando, M. Fesquet, P. Fetfatzis, A. Fiasson, E. Fillin-Martino, D. Fink, C. Finley, J. P. Finley, M. Fiorini, R. Firpo Curcoll, E. Flandrini, H. Fleischhack, H. Flores, D. Florin, W. Focke, C. Föhr, E. Fokitis, L. Font, G. Fontaine, M. Fornasa, A. Förster, L. Fortson, N. Fouque, A. Franckowiak, F. J. Franco, A. Frankowski, C. Fransson, G. W. Fraser, R. Frei, L. Fresnillo, C. Fruck, D. Fugazza, Y. Fujita, Y. Fukazawa, Y. Fukui, S. Funk, W. Gäbele, S. Gabici, R. Gabriele, A. Gadola, N. Galante, D. Gall, Y. Gallant, J. Gámez-García, M. Garczarczyk, B. García, R. Garcia López, D. Gardiol, F. Gargano, D. Garrido, L. Garrido, D. Gascon, M. Gaug, J. Gaweda, L. Gebremedhin, N. Geffroy, L. Gerard, A. Ghedina, M. Ghigo, P. Ghislain, E. Giannakaki, F. Gianotti, S. Giarrusso, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, N. Giglietto, V. Gika, M. Giomi, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, N. Girard, E. Giro, A. Giuliani, T. Glanzman, J. -F. Glicenstein, N. Godinovic, V. Golev, M. Gomez Berisso, J. Gómez-Ortega, M. M. Gonzalez, A. González, F. González, A. González Muñoz, K. S. Gothe, T. Grabarczyk, M. Gougerot, R. Graciani, P. Grandi, F. Grañena, J. Granot, G. Grasseau, R. Gredig, A. Green, T. Greenshaw, T. Grégoire, A. Grillo, O. Grimm, M. -H. Grondin, J. Grube, M. Grudzinska, V. Gruev, S. Grünewald, J. Grygorczuk, V. Guarino, S. Gunji, G. Gyuk, D. Hadasch, A. Hagedorn, R. Hagiwara, J. Hahn, N. Hakansson, A. Hallgren, N. Hamer Heras, S. Hara, M. J. Hardcastle, D. Harezlak, J. Harris, T. Hassan, K. Hatanaka, T. Haubold, A. Haupt, T. Hayakawa, M. Hayashida, R. Heller, F. Henault, G. Henri, G. Hermann, R. Hermel, A. Herrero, O. Hervet, N. Hidaka, J. A. Hinton, K. Hirotani, D. Hoffmann, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, J. Holder, J. R. Hörandel, D. Horns, D. Horville, J. Houles, M. Hrabovsky, D. Hrupec, H. Huan, B. Huber, J. -M. Huet, G. Hughes, T. B. Humensky, J. Huovelin, J. -F. Huppert, A. Ibarra, D. Ikawa, J. M. Illa, D. Impiombato, S. Incorvaia, S. Inoue, Y. Inoue, F. Iocco, K. Ioka, G. L. Israel, C. Jablonski, A. Jacholkowska, J. Jacquemier, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, P. Jean, C. Jeanney, J. J. Jimenez, T. Jogler, C. Johnson, T. Johnson, L. Journet, C. Juffroy, I. Jung, P. Kaaret, S. Kabuki, M. Kagaya, J. Kakuwa, C. Kalkuhl, R. Kankanyan, A. Karastergiou, K. Kärcher, M. Karczewski, S. Karkar, J. Kasperek, D. Kastana, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, K. Katarzyński, U. Katz, N. Kawanaka, D. Kazanas, N. Kelley-Hoskins, B. Kellner-Leidel, H. Kelly, E. Kendziorra, B. Khélifi, D. B. Kieda, T. Kifune, T. Kihm, T. Kishimoto, K. Kitamoto, W. Kluźniak, C. Knapic, J. Knapp, J. Knödlseder, F. Köck, J. Kocot, K. Kodani, J. -H. Köhne, K. Kohri, K. Kokkotas, D. Kolitzus, N. Komin, I. Kominis, Y. Konno, H. Köppel, P. Korohoda, K. Kosack, G. Koss, R. Kossakowski, R. Koul, G. Kowal, S. Koyama, J. Kozioł, T. Krähenbühl, J. Krause, H. Krawzcynski, F. Krennrich, A. Krepps, A. Kretzschmann, R. Krobot, P. Krueger, H. Kubo, V. A. Kudryavtsev, J. Kushida, A. Kuznetsov, A. La Barbera, N. La Palombara, V. La Parola, G. La Rosa, K. Lacombe, G. Lamanna, J. Lande, D. Languignon, J. S. Lapington, P. Laporte, B. Laurent, C. Lavalley, T. Le Flour, A. Le Padellec, S. -H. Lee, W. H. Lee, J. -P. Lefèvre, H. Leich, M. A. Leigui de Oliveira, D. Lelas, J. -P. Lenain, R. Leoni, D. J. Leopold, T. Lerch, L. Lessio, G. Leto, B. Lieunard, S. Lieunard, R. Lindemann, E. Lindfors, A. Liolios, A. Lipniacka, H. Lockart, T. Lohse, S. Lombardi, F. Longo, A. Lopatin, M. Lopez, R. López-Coto, A. López-Oramas, A. Lorca, E. Lorenz, F. Louis, P. Lubinski, F. Lucarelli, H. Lüdecke, J. Ludwin, P. L. Luque-Escamilla, W. Lustermann, O. Luz, E. Lyard, M. C. Maccarone, T. J. Maccarone, G. M. Madejski, A. Madhavan, M. Mahabir, G. Maier, P. Majumdar, G. Malaguti, G. Malaspina, S. Maltezos, A. Manalaysay, A. Mancilla, D. Mandat, G. Maneva, A. Mangano, P. Manigot, K. Mannheim, I. Manthos, N. Maragos, A. Marcowith, M. Mariotti, M. Marisaldi, S. Markoff, A. Marszałek, C. Martens, J. Martí, J. -M. Martin, P. Martin, G. Martínez, F. Martínez, M. Martínez, F. Massaro, A. Masserot, A. Mastichiadis, A. Mathieu, H. Matsumoto, F. Mattana, S. Mattiazzo, A. Maurer, G. Maurin, S. Maxfield, J. Maya, D. Mazin, L. Mc Comb, A. McCann, N. McCubbin, I. McHardy, R. McKay, K. Meagher, C. Medina, C. Melioli, D. Melkumyan, D. Melo, S. Mereghetti, P. Mertsch, M. Meucci, M. Meyer, J. Michałowski, P. Micolon, A. Mihailidis, T. Mineo, M. Minuti, N. Mirabal, F. Mirabel, J. M. Miranda, R. Mirzoyan, A. Mistò, T. Mizuno, B. Moal, R. Moderski, I. Mognet, E. Molinari, M. Molinaro, T. Montaruli, C. Monte, I. Monteiro, P. Moore, A. Moralejo Olaizola, M. Mordalska, C. Morello, K. Mori, G. Morlino, A. Morselli, F. Mottez, Y. Moudden, E. Moulin, I. Mrusek, R. Mukherjee, P. Munar-Adrover, H. Muraishi, K. Murase, A. StJ. Murphy, S. Nagataki, T. Naito, D. Nakajima, T. Nakamori, K. Nakayama, C. Naumann, D. Naumann, M. Naumann-Godo, P. Nayman, D. Nedbal, D. Neise, L. Nellen, A. Neronov, V. Neustroev, N. Neyroud, L. Nicastro, J. Nicolau-Kukliński, A. Niedźwiecki, J. Niemiec, D. Nieto, A. Nikolaidis, K. Nishijima, K. -I. Nishikawa, K. Noda, S. Nolan, R. Northrop, D. Nosek, N. Nowak, A. Nozato, L. Oakes, P. T. O'Brien, Y. Ohira, M. Ohishi, S. Ohm, H. Ohoka, T. Okuda, A. Okumura, J. -F. Olive, R. A. Ong, R. Orito, M. Orr, J. P. Osborne, M. Ostrowski, L. A. Otero, N. Otte, E. Ovcharov, I. Oya, A. Ozieblo, L. Padilla, I. Pagano, S. Paiano, D. Paillot, A. Paizis, S. Palanque, M. Palatka, J. Pallota, M. Palatiello, K. Panagiotidis, J. -L. Panazol, D. Paneque, M. Panter, M. R. Panzera, R. Paoletti, A. Papayannis, G. Papyan, J. M. Paredes, G. Pareschi, J. -M. Parraud, D. Parsons, G. Pauletta, M. Paz Arribas, M. Pech, G. Pedaletti, V. Pelassa, D. Pelat, M. d. C. Perez, M. Persic, P. -O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, A. Pichel, D. Pieloth, E. Pierre, S. Pita, G. Pivato, F. Pizzolato, M. Platino, Ł. Platos, R. Platzer, S. Podkladkin, L. Pogosyan, M. Pohl, G. Pojmanski, J. D. Ponz, W. Potter, J. Poutanen, E. Prandini, J. Prast, R. Preece, F. Profeti, H. Prokoph, M. Prouza, M. Proyetti, I. Puerto-Giménez, G. Pühlhofer, I. Puljak, M. Punch, R. Pyzioł, E. J. Quel, J. Quesada, J. Quinn, A. Quirrenbach, E. Racero, S. Rainò, P. J. Rajda, M. Rameez, P. Ramon, R. Rando, R. C. Rannot, M. Rataj, M. Raue, D. Ravignani, P. Reardon, O. Reimann, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, K. Reitberger, M. Renaud, S. Renner, B. Reville, W. Rhode, M. Ribó, M. Ribordy, G. Richards, M. G. Richer, J. Rico, J. Ridky, F. Rieger, P. Ringegni, J. Ripken, P. R. Ristori, A. Rivière, S. Rivoire, L. Rob, G. Rodeghiero, U. Roeser, R. Rohlfs, G. Rojas, P. Romano, W. Romaszkan, G. E. Romero, S. R. Rosen, S. Rosier Lees, D. Ross, G. Rouaix, J. Rousselle, S. Rousselle, A. C. Rovero, F. Roy, S. Royer, B. Rudak, C. Rulten, M. Rupiński, F. Russo, F. Ryde, O. Saavedra, B. Sacco, E. O. Saemann, A. Saggion, V. Sahakian, K. Saito, T. Saito, Y. Saito, N. Sakaki, R. Sakonaka, A. Salini, F. Sanchez, M. Sanchez-Conde, A. Sandoval, H. Sandaker, E. Sant'Ambrogio, A. Santangelo, E. M. Santos, A. Sanuy, L. Sapozhnikov, S. Sarkar, N. Sartore, H. Sasaki, K. Satalecka, M. Sawada, V. Scalzotto, V. Scapin, M. Scarcioffolo, J. Schafer, T. Schanz, S. Schlenstedt, R. Schlickeiser, T. Schmidt, J. Schmoll, P. Schovanek, M. Schroedter, A. Schubert, C. Schultz, J. Schultze, A. Schulz, K. Schure, F. Schussler, T. Schwab, U. Schwanke, J. Schwarz, S. Schwarzburg, T. Schweizer, S. Schwemmer, U. Schwendicke, C. Schwerdt, A. Segreto, J. -H. Seiradakis, G. H. Sembroski, M. Servillat, K. Seweryn, M. Sharma, M. Shayduk, R. C. Shellard, J. Shi, T. Shibata, A. Shibuya, S. Shore, E. Shum, E. Sideras-Haddad, L. Sidoli, M. Sidz, J. Sieiro, M. Sikora, J. Silk, A. Sillanpää, B. B. Singh, G. Sironi, J. Sitarek, C. Skole, R. Smareglia, A. Smith, D. Smith, J. Smith, N. Smith, D. Sobczyńska, H. Sol, G. Sottile, M. Sowiński, F. Spanier, D. Spiga, S. Spyrou, V. Stamatescu, A. Stamerra, R. L. C. Starling, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, S. Steiner, C. Stella, N. Stergioulas, R. Sternberger, M. Sterzel, F. Stinzing, M. Stodulski, Th. Stolarczyk, U. Straumann, E. Strazzeri, L. Stringhetti, A. Suarez, M. Suchenek, R. Sugawara, K. -H. Sulanke, S. Sun, A. D. Supanitsky, T. Suric, P. Sutcliffe, J. M. Sykes, M. Szanecki, T. Szepieniec, A. Szostek, G. Tagliaferri, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, K. Takahashi, L. Takalo, H. Takami, G. Talbot, J. Tammi, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, J. Tasan, M. Tavani, J. -P. Tavernet, L. A. Tejedor, I. Telezhinsky, P. Temnikov, C. Tenzer, Y. Terada, R. Terrier, M. Teshima, V. Testa, D. Tezier, J. Thayer, D. Thuermann, L. Tibaldo, L. Tibaldo, O. Tibolla, A. Tiengo, M. C. Timpanaro, M. Tluczykont, C. J. Todero Peixoto, F. Tokanai, M. Tokarz, K. Toma, A. Tonachini, K. Torii, M. Tornikoski, D. F. Torres, M. Torres, S. Toscano, G. Toso, G. Tosti, T. Totani, F. Toussenel, G. Tovmassian, P. Travnicek, A. Treves, M. Trifoglio, I. Troyano, K. Tsinganos, H. Ueno, G. Umana, K. Umehara, S. S. Upadhya, T. Usher, M. Uslenghi, F. Vagnetti, J. F. Valdes-Galicia, P. Vallania, G. Vallejo, W. van Driel, C. van Eldik, J. Vandenbrouke, J. Vanderwalt, H. Vankov, G. Vasileiadis, V. Vassiliev, D. Veberic, I. Vegas, S. Vercellone, S. Vergani, V. Verzi, G. P. Vettolani, C. Veyssière, J. P. Vialle, A. Viana, M. Videla, C. Vigorito, P. Vincent, S. Vincent, J. Vink, N. Vlahakis, L. Vlahos, P. Vogler, V. Voisin, A. Vollhardt, H. -P. von Gunten, S. Vorobiov, C. Vuerli, V. Waegebaert, R. Wagner, R. G. Wagner, S. Wagner, S. P. Wakely, R. Walter, T. Walther, K. Warda, R. S. Warwick, P. Wawer, R. Wawrzaszek, N. Webb, P. Wegner, A. Weinstein, Q. Weitzel, R. Welsing, M. Werner, H. Wetteskind, R. J. White, A. Wierzcholska, S. Wiesand, A. Wilhelm, M. I. Wilkinson, D. A. Williams, R. Willingale, M. Winde, K. Winiarski, R. Wischnewski, Ł. Wiśniewski, P. Wojcik, M. Wood, A. Wörnlein, Q. Xiong, K. K. Yadav, H. Yamamoto, T. Yamamoto, R. Yamazaki, S. Yanagita, J. M. Yebras, D. Yelos, A. Yoshida, T. Yoshida, T. Yoshikoshi, P. Yu, V. Zabalza, M. Zacharias, A. Zajczyk, L. Zampieri, R. Zanin, A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, A. Zhao, X. Zhou, K. Zietara, J. Ziolkowski, P. Ziółkowski, V. Zitelli, C. Zurbach, P. Zychowski

Compilation of CTA contributions to the proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2013), which took place in 2-9 July, 2013, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Read More

Context: Observation of Balmer lines from the region around the forward shock of supernova remnants may provide precious information on the shock dynamics and on the efficiency of particle acceleration at the shock. Aims: We calculate the Balmer line emission and the shape of the broad Balmer line for parameter values suitable for SNR 0509-67.5, as a function of the cosmic ray acceleration efficiency and of the level of thermal equilibration between electrons and protons behind the shock. Read More

Balmer emission may be a powerful diagnostic tool to test the paradigm of cosmic ray (CR) acceleration in young supernova remnant (SNR) shocks. The width of the broad Balmer line is a direct indicator of the downstream plasma temperature. In case of efficient particle acceleration an appreciable fraction of the total kinetic energy of the plasma is channeled into CRs, therefore the downstream temperature decreases and so does the broad Balmer line width. Read More

Density estimation represents one of the most successful applications of Bayesian nonparametrics. In particular, Dirichlet process mixtures of normals are the gold standard for density estimation and their asymptotic properties have been studied extensively, especially in the univariate case. However a gap between practitioners and the current theoretical literature is present. Read More

Cosmic rays propagating in the Galaxy may excite a streaming instability when their motion is super-alfvenic, thereby producing the conditions for their own diffusion. In this paper we present the results of a self-consistent solution of the transport equation where diffusion occurs because of the self-generated turbulence together with a pre-existing turbulence injected, for instance, by supernova explosions and cascading to smaller scales. All chemicals are included in our calculations, so that we are able to show the secondary to primary ratios in addition to the spectra of the individual elements. Read More

In this paper we present the first formulation of the theory of non-linear particle acceleration in collisionless shocks in the presence of neutral hydrogen in the acceleration region. The dynamical reaction of the accelerated particles, the magnetic field amplification and the magnetic dynamical effects on the shock are also included. The main new aspect consists however in accounting for charge exchange and ionization of neutral hydrogen, which profoundly change the structure of the shock, as discussed in our previous work. Read More

The origin of the bulk of cosmic rays (CRs) observed at Earth is the topic of a century long investigation, paved with successes and failures. From the energetic point of view, supernova remnants (SNRs) remain the most plausible sources of CRs up to rigidity ? 10^6-10^7 GV. This confidence somehow resulted in the construction of a paradigm, the so-called SNR paradigm: CRs are accelerated through diffusive shock acceleration in SNRs and propagate diffusively in the Galaxy in an energy dependent way. Read More

Strong shocks propagating into a partially ionized medium are often associated with optical Balmer lines. This emission is due to impact excitation of neutral hydrogen by hot protons and electrons in the shocked gas. The structure of such Balmer-dominated shocks has been computed in a previous paper (Blasi et al. Read More

The wealth of data collected in the last few years thanks to the Pierre Auger Observatory and recently to the Telescope Array made the problem of the origin of ultra high energy cosmic rays a genuinely experimental/observational one. The apparently contradictory results provided by these experiments in terms of spectrum, chemical composition and anisotropies do not allow to reach any final conclusions as yet. Here I will discuss some of the theoretical challenges imposed by these data: in particular I will discuss some issues related to the transition from Galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays and how the different models confront our understanding of Galactic cosmic rays in terms of supernova remnants paradigm. Read More

We show that the complex shape of the cosmic ray (CR) spectrum, as recently measured by PAMELA and inferred from Fermi-LAT gamma-ray observations of molecular clouds in the Gould belt, can be naturally understood in terms of basic plasma astrophysics phenomena. A break from a harder to a softer spectrum at blue rigidity R\simeq 10 GV follows from a transition from transport dominated by advection of particles with Alfven waves to a regime where diffusion in the turbulence generated by the same CRs is dominant. A second break at R\simeq 200 GV happens when the diffusive propagation is no longer determined by the self-generated turbulence, but rather by the cascading of externally generated turbulence (for instance due to supernova (SN) bubbles) from large spatial scales to smaller scales where CRs can resonate. Read More

We combine all available information about the spectral shape and morphology of the radio halo of the Coma cluster with the gamma-ray upper limits obtained by the Fermi-LAT and with the magnetic field strength derived from Faraday rotation measures (RM). We explore the possibility that the radio halo is due to synchrotron emission of secondary electrons generated via p-p collisions in the intra-cluster-medium (ICM). First we investigate the case of pure secondary models. Read More

A collisionless shock may be strongly modified by the presence of neutral atoms through the processes of charge exchange between ions and neutrals and ionization of the latter. These two processes lead to exchange of energy and momentum between charged and neutral particles both upstream and downstream of the shock. In particular, neutrals that suffer a charge exchange downstream with shock-heated ions generate high velocity neutrals that have a finite probability of returning upstream. Read More

2011Nov

We reconsider the model of neutrino production during the 'bright phase', first suggested in 1977, in the light of modern understanding of the role of Pop III stars and acceleration of particles in supernova shocks. We concentrate on the production of cosmogenic UHE neutrinos in supernova explosions that accompany the death of Pop III stars. Accelerated protons produce neutrinos in collisions with CMB photons. Read More

In this paper we investigate the effect of stochasticity in the spatial and temporal distribution of supernova remnants on the spectrum and chemical composition of cosmic rays observed at Earth. The calculations are carried out for different choices of the diffusion coefficient D(E) experienced by cosmic rays during propagation in the Galaxy. In particular, at high energies we assume that D(E)\sim E^{\delta}, with $\delta=1/3$ and $\delta=0. Read More

We investigate the effects of stochasticity in the spatial and temporal distribution of supernova remnants on the anisotropy of cosmic rays observed at Earth. The calculations are carried out for different choices of the diffusion coefficient D(E) for propagation in the Galaxy. The propagation and spallation of nuclei are taken into account. Read More

This paper develops nonparametric estimation for discrete choice models based on the mixed multinomial logit (MMNL) model. It has been shown that MMNL models encompass all discrete choice models derived under the assumption of random utility maximization, subject to the identification of an unknown distribution $G$. Noting the mixture model description of the MMNL, we employ a Bayesian nonparametric approach, using nonparametric priors on the unknown mixing distribution $G$, to estimate choice probabilities. Read More

We review the main observational and theoretical facts about acceleration of Galactic cosmic rays in supernova remnants, discussing the arguments in favor and against a connection between cosmic rays and supernova remnants, the so-called supernova remnant paradigm for the origin of Galactic cosmic rays. Recent developments in the modeling of the mechanism of diffusive shock acceleration are discussed, with emphasis on the role of 1) magnetic field amplification, 2) acceleration of nuclei heavier than hydrogen, 3) presence of neutrals in the circumstellar environment. The status of the supernova-cosmic ray connection in the time of Fermi-LAT and Cherenkov telescopes is also discussed. Read More

We present the non-linear theory of shock acceleration applied to SNRs expanding into partially neutral plasma. Using this theory we show how the Balmer lines detected from young SNRs can be used to test the efficiency of shocks in the production of cosmic rays. In particular we investigate the effect of charge-exchange between protons and neutral hydrogen occurring in the precursor formed ahead of the shock. Read More

We investigate the theoretical and observational implications of the acceleration of protons and heavier nuclei in supernova remnants (SNRs). By adopting a semi-analytical technique, we study the non-linear interplay among particle acceleration, magnetic field generation and shock dynamics, outlining a self-consistent scenario for the origin of the spectrum of Galactic cosmic rays as produced in this class of sources. Moreover, the inferred chemical abundances suggest nuclei heavier than Hydrogen to be relevant not only in the shock dynamics but also in the calculation of the gamma-ray emission from SNRs due to the decay of neutral pions produced in nuclear interactions. Read More

2010Jul
Affiliations: 1INAF/Arcetri, 2INAF/Arcetri

Pulsars, or more generally rotation powered neutron stars, are excellent factories of antimatter in the Galaxy, in the form of pairs of electrons and positrons. Electrons are initially extracted from the surface of the star by the intense rotation induced electric fields and later transformed into electron-positron pairs through electromagnetic cascading. Observations of Pulsar Wind Nebulae (PWNe) show that cascades in the pulsar magnetosphere must ensure pair multiplicities of order $10^{4}-10^{5}$. Read More