# Olivier Marchal - SPhT, CRM

## Contact Details

NameOlivier Marchal |
||

AffiliationSPhT, CRM |
||

Location |
||

## Pubs By Year |
||

## Pub CategoriesMathematics - Mathematical Physics (17) Mathematical Physics (17) High Energy Physics - Theory (13) Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (8) Mathematics - Probability (7) Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (2) Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1) Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1) Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1) Astrophysics of Galaxies (1) Mathematics - History and Overview (1) Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1) |

## Publications Authored By Olivier Marchal

**Authors:**Olivier Marchal

The purpose of this article is to analyze the connection between Eynard-Orantin topological recursion and formal WKB solutions of a $\hbar$-difference equation: $\Psi(x+\hbar)=\left(e^{\hbar\frac{d}{dx}}\right) \Psi(x)=L(x;\hbar)\Psi(x)$ with $L(x;\hbar)\in GL_2( (\mathbb{C}(x))[\hbar])$. In particular, we extend the notion of determinantal formulas and topological type property proposed for formal WKB solutions of $\hbar$-differential systems to this setting. We apply our results to a specific $\hbar$-difference system associated to the quantum curve of the Gromov-Witten invariants of $\mathbb{P}^1$ for which we are able to prove that the correlation functions are reconstructed from the Eynard-Orantin differentials computed from the topological recursion applied to the spectral curve $y=\cosh^{-1}\frac{x}{2}$. Read More

In this article, we study the large $n$ asymptotic expansions of $n\times n$ Toeplitz determinants whose symbols are indicator functions of unions of arc-intervals of the unit circle. In particular, we use an Hermitian matrix model reformulation of the problem to provide a rigorous derivation of the general form of the large $n$ expansion when the symbol is an indicator function of either a single arc-interval or several arc-intervals with a discrete rotational symmetry. Moreover, we prove that the coefficients in the expansions can be reconstructed, up to some constants, from the Eynard-Orantin topological recursion applied to some explicit spectral curves. Read More

Starting from a $d\times d$ rational Lax pair system of the form $\hbar \partial_x \Psi= L\Psi$ and $\hbar \partial_t \Psi=R\Psi$ we prove that, under certain assumptions (genus $0$ spectral curve and additional conditions on $R$ and $L$), the system satisfies the "topological type property". A consequence is that the formal $\hbar$-WKB expansion of its determinantal correlators, satisfy the topological recursion. This applies in particular to all $(p,q)$ minimal models reductions of the KP hierarchy, or to the six Painlev\'e systems. Read More

**Authors:**George Seabroke

^{1}, Mark Cropper

^{2}, David Katz

^{3}, Paola Sartoretti

^{4}, Pasquale Panuzzo

^{5}, Olivier Marchal

^{6}, Alain Gueguen

^{7}, Kevin Benson

^{8}, Chris Dolding

^{9}, Howard Huckle

^{10}, Mike Smith

^{11}, Steve Baker

^{12}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK,

^{2}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK,

^{3}Observatoire Paris-Site de Meudon, GEPI, Paris, France,

^{4}Observatoire Paris-Site de Meudon, GEPI, Paris, France,

^{5}Observatoire Paris-Site de Meudon, GEPI, Paris, France,

^{6}Observatoire Paris-Site de Meudon, GEPI, Paris, France,

^{7}Observatoire Paris-Site de Meudon, GEPI, Paris, France,

^{8}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK,

^{9}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK,

^{10}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK,

^{11}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK,

^{12}Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey, UK

Gaia's Radial Velocity Spectrometer (RVS) has been operating in routine phase for over one year since initial commissioning. RVS continues to work well but the higher than expected levels of straylight reduce the limiting magnitude. The end-of-mission radial-velocity (RV) performance requirement for G2V stars was 15 km/s at V = 16. Read More

To any differential system $d\Psi=\Phi\Psi$ where $\Psi$ belongs to a Lie group (a fiber of a principal bundle) and $\Phi$ is a Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ valued 1-form on a Riemann surface $\Sigma$, is associated an infinite sequence of "correlators" $W_n$ that are symmetric $n$-forms on $\Sigma^n$. The goal of this article is to prove that these correlators always satisfy "loop equations", the same equations satisfied by correlation functions in random matrix models, or the same equations as Virasoro or W-algebra constraints in CFT. Read More

In this article, we prove that we can introduce a small $\hbar$ parameter in the six Painlev\'e equations through their corresponding Lax pairs and Hamiltonian formulations. Moreover, we prove that these $\hbar$-deformed Lax pairs satisfy the Topological Type property proposed by Berg\`ere, Borot and Eynard for any generic choice of the monodromy parameters. Consequently we show that one can reconstruct the formal $\hbar$ series expansion of the tau-function and of the determinantal formulas by applying the so-called topological recursion on the spectral curve attached to the Lax pair in all six Painlev\'e cases. Read More

This short note is the result of a French "Hippocampe internship" that aims at introducing the world of research to young undergraduate French students. The problem studied is the following: imagine yourself locked in a cage barred with $n$ different locks. You are given a keyring with $N \geq n$ keys containing the $n$ keys that open the locks. Read More

The purpose of this article is to study the eigenvalues $u_1^{\, t}=e^{it\theta_1},\dots,u_N^{\,t}=e^{it\theta_N}$ of $U^t$ where $U$ is a large $N\times N$ random unitary matrix and $t>0$. In particular we are interested in the typical times $t$ for which all the eigenvalues are simultaneously close to $1$ in different ways thus corresponding to recurrence times in the issue of quantum measurements. Our strategy consists in rewriting the problem as a random matrix integral and use loop equations techniques to compute the first orders of the large $N$ asymptotic. Read More

The goal of this article is to prove that the determinantal formulas of the Painlev'e 2 system identify with the correlation functions computed from the topological recursion on their spectral curve for an arbitrary non-zero monodromy parameter. The result is established for two different Lax pairs associated to the Painlev'e 2 system, namely the Jimbo-Miwa Lax pair and the Harnad-Tracy-Widom Lax pair, whose spectral curves are not connected by any symplectic transformation. We provide a new method to prove the topological type property without using the insertion operators. Read More

The purpose of the article is to provide partial proofs for two conjectures given by Witte and Forrester in "Moments of the Gaussian $\beta$ Ensembles and the large $N$ expansion of the densities" with the use of the topological recursion adapted for general $\beta$ Gaussian case. In particular, the paper uses a version at coinciding points that provides a simple proof for some of the coefficients involved in the conjecture. Additionally, we propose a generalized version of the conjectures for all correlation functions evaluated at coinciding points. Read More

The goal of this article is to rederive the connection between the Painlev\'e $5$ integrable system and the universal eigenvalues correlation functions of double-scaled hermitian matrix models, through the topological recursion method. More specifically we prove, \textbf{to all orders}, that the WKB asymptotic expansions of the $\tau$-function as well as of determinantal formulas arising from the Painlev\'e $5$ Lax pair are identical to the large $N$ double scaling asymptotic expansions of the partition function and correlation functions of any hermitian matrix model around a regular point in the bulk. In other words, we rederive the "sine-law" universal bulk asymptotic of large random matrices and provide an alternative perturbative proof of universality in the bulk with only algebraic methods. Read More

In this note, we prove that the free energies F_g constructed from the Eynard-Orantin topological recursion applied to the curve mirror to C^3 reproduce the Faber-Pandharipande formula for genus g Gromov-Witten invariants of C^3. This completes the proof of the remodeling conjecture for C^3. Read More

We write the loop equations for the $\beta$ two-matrix model, and we propose a topological recursion algorithm to solve them, order by order in a small parameter. We find that to leading order, the spectral curve is a "quantum" spectral curve, i.e. Read More

In this article, we study in detail the modified topological recursion of the one matrix model for arbitrary $\beta$ in the one cut case. We show that for polynomial potentials, the recursion can be computed as a sum of residues. However the main difference with the hermitian matrix model is that the residues cannot be set at the branchpoints of the spectral curve but require the knowledge of the whole curve. Read More

This thesis deals with the geometric and integrable aspects associated with random matrix models. Its purpose is to provide various applications of random matrix theory, from algebraic geometry to partial differential equations of integrable systems. The variety of these applications shows why matrix models are important from a mathematical point of view. Read More

In a previous paper, we presented a matrix model reproducing the topological string partition function on an arbitrary given toric Calabi-Yau manifold. Here, we study the spectral curve of our matrix model and thus derive, upon imposing certain minimality assumptions on the spectral curve, the large volume limit of the BKMP "remodeling the B-model" conjecture, the claim that Gromov-Witten invariants of any toric Calabi-Yau 3-fold coincide with the spectral invariants of its mirror curve. Read More

We construct a matrix model that reproduces the topological string partition function on arbitrary toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds. This demonstrates, in accord with the BKMP "remodeling the B-model" conjecture, that Gromov-Witten invariants of any toric Calabi-Yau 3-fold can be computed in terms of the spectral invariants of a spectral curve. Moreover, it proves that the generating function of Gromov-Witten invariants is a tau function for an integrable hierarchy. Read More

In this article, we show that the double scaling limit correlation functions of a random matrix model when two cuts merge with degeneracy $2m$ (i.e. when $y\sim x^{2m}$ for arbitrary values of the integer $m$) are the same as the determinantal formulae defined by conformal $(2m,1)$ models. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}SPhT,

^{2}SPhT, CRM

In this article, we define a non-commutative deformation of the "symplectic invariants" of an algebraic hyperelliptical plane curve. The necessary condition for our definition to make sense is a Bethe ansatz. The commutative limit reduces to the symplectic invariants, i. Read More