O. Moreno

O. Moreno
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O. Moreno

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Nuclear Theory (18)
Nuclear Experiment (7)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (4)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (2)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)

Publications Authored By O. Moreno

We study the two-neutrino double-beta decay in 76Ge, 116Cd, 128Te, 130Te, and 150Nd, as well as the two Gamow-Teller branches that connect the double-beta decay partners with the states in the intermediate nuclei. We use a theoretical microscopic approach based on a deformed selfconsistent mean field with Skyrme interactions including pairing and spin-isospin residual forces, which are treated in a proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation. We compare our results for Gamow-Teller strength distributions with experimental information obtained from charge-exchange reactions. Read More

Authors: Jim Alexander, Marco Battaglieri, Bertrand Echenard, Rouven Essig, Matthew Graham, Eder Izaguirre, John Jaros, Gordan Krnjaic, Jeremy Mardon, David Morrissey, Tim Nelson, Maxim Perelstein, Matt Pyle, Adam Ritz, Philip Schuster, Brian Shuve, Natalia Toro, Richard G Van De Water, Daniel Akerib, Haipeng An, Konrad Aniol, Isaac J. Arnquist, David M. Asner, Henning O. Back, Keith Baker, Nathan Baltzell, Dipanwita Banerjee, Brian Batell, Daniel Bauer, James Beacham, Jay Benesch, James Bjorken, Nikita Blinov, Celine Boehm, Mariangela Bondí, Walter Bonivento, Fabio Bossi, Stanley J. Brodsky, Ran Budnik, Stephen Bueltmann, Masroor H. Bukhari, Raymond Bunker, Massimo Carpinelli, Concetta Cartaro, David Cassel, Gianluca Cavoto, Andrea Celentano, Animesh Chaterjee, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Gabriele Chiodini, Hsiao-Mei Sherry Cho, Eric D. Church, D. A. Cooke, Jodi Cooley, Robert Cooper, Ross Corliss, Paolo Crivelli, Francesca Curciarello, Annalisa D'Angelo, Hooman Davoudiasl, Marzio De Napoli, Raffaella De Vita, Achim Denig, Patrick deNiverville, Abhay Deshpande, Ranjan Dharmapalan, Bogdan Dobrescu, Sergey Donskov, Raphael Dupre, Juan Estrada, Stuart Fegan, Torben Ferber, Clive Field, Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano, Alessandra Filippi, Bartosz Fornal, Arne Freyberger, Alexander Friedland, Iftach Galon, Susan Gardner, Francois-Xavier Girod, Sergei Gninenko, Andrey Golutvin, Stefania Gori, Christoph Grab, Enrico Graziani, Keith Griffioen, Andrew Haas, Keisuke Harigaya, Christopher Hearty, Scott Hertel, JoAnne Hewett, Andrew Hime, David Hitlin, Yonit Hochberg, Roy J. Holt, Maurik Holtrop, Eric W. Hoppe, Todd W. Hossbach, Lauren Hsu, Phil Ilten, Joe Incandela, Gianluca Inguglia, Kent Irwin, Igal Jaegle, Robert P. Johnson, Yonatan Kahn, Grzegorz Kalicy, Zhong-Bo Kang, Vardan Khachatryan, Venelin Kozhuharov, N. V. Krasnikov, Valery Kubarovsky, Eric Kuflik, Noah Kurinsky, Ranjan Laha, Gaia Lanfranchi, Dale Li, Tongyan Lin, Mariangela Lisanti, Kun Liu, Ming Liu, Ben Loer, Dinesh Loomba, Valery E. Lyubovitskij, Aaron Manalaysay, Giuseppe Mandaglio, Jeremiah Mans, W. J. Marciano, Thomas Markiewicz, Luca Marsicano, Takashi Maruyama, Victor A. Matveev, David McKeen, Bryan McKinnon, Dan McKinsey, Harald Merkel, Jeremy Mock, Maria Elena Monzani, Omar Moreno, Corina Nantais, Sebouh Paul, Michael Peskin, Vladimir Poliakov, Antonio D Polosa, Maxim Pospelov, Igor Rachek, Balint Radics, Mauro Raggi, Nunzio Randazzo, Blair Ratcliff, Alessandro Rizzo, Thomas Rizzo, Alan Robinson, Andre Rubbia, David Rubin, Dylan Rueter, Tarek Saab, Elena Santopinto, Richard Schnee, Jessie Shelton, Gabriele Simi, Ani Simonyan, Valeria Sipala, Oren Slone, Elton Smith, Daniel Snowden-Ifft, Matthew Solt, Peter Sorensen, Yotam Soreq, Stefania Spagnolo, James Spencer, Stepan Stepanyan, Jan Strube, Michael Sullivan, Arun S. Tadepalli, Tim Tait, Mauro Taiuti, Philip Tanedo, Rex Tayloe, Jesse Thaler, Nhan V. Tran, Sean Tulin, Christopher G. Tully, Sho Uemura, Maurizio Ungaro, Paolo Valente, Holly Vance, Jerry Vavra, Tomer Volansky, Belina von Krosigk, Andrew Whitbeck, Mike Williams, Peter Wittich, Bogdan Wojtsekhowski, Wei Xue, Jong Min Yoon, Hai-Bo Yu, Jaehoon Yu, Tien-Tien Yu, Yue Zhang, Yue Zhao, Yiming Zhong, Kathryn Zurek

This report, based on the Dark Sectors workshop at SLAC in April 2016, summarizes the scientific importance of searches for dark sector dark matter and forces at masses beneath the weak-scale, the status of this broad international field, the important milestones motivating future exploration, and promising experimental opportunities to reach these milestones over the next 5-10 years. Read More

We briefly review the motivation to search for sterile neutrinos in the keV mass scale, as dark matter candidates, and the prospects to find them in beta decay or electron capture spectra, with a global perspective. We describe the fundamentals of the neutrino flavor-mass eigenstate mismatch that opens the possibility of detecting sterile neutrinos in such ordinary nuclear processes. Results are shown and discussed for the effect of heavy neutrino emission in electron capture in Holmium 163 and in two isotopes of Lead, 202 and 205, as well as in the beta decay of Tritium. Read More

We analyze the elastic scattering of particles interacting with nuclei through vector and axial currents with overall couplings of the order of the Standard Model weak interaction, or smaller; the dominant contribution to the elastic cross section is identified as the coherent component and is therefore spin-independent. Differential and integrated cross sections are obtained for a wide range of incident particle masses and velocities and for nuclear targets with different masses; vector, axial and overall couplings of the incident particle and of the hadronic target to the massive exchanged boson are also kept general. This study naturally encompasses several kinds of possible dark matter components, including active and sterile neutrinos or neutralinos, and addresses the prospects for their direct detection through elastic scattering off nuclei. Read More

Deuteron disintegration by charged-current neutrino (CC$\nu$) scattering offers the possibility to determine the energy of the incident neutrino by measuring in coincidence two of the three resulting particles: a charged lepton (usually a muon) and two protons, where we show that this channel can be isolated from all other, for instance, from those with a pion in the final state. We discuss the kinematics of the process for several detection scenarios, both in terms of kinematic variables that are natural from a theoretical point of view and others that are better matched to experimental situations. The deuteron structure is obtained from a relativistic model (involving an approximation to the Bethe-Salpeter equation) as an extension of a previous, well-tested model used in deuteron electrodisintegration. Read More

The beta decay of $^{192,190}$Pb has been studied using the total absorption technique at the ISOLDE(CERN) facility. The beta-decay strength deduced from the measurements, combined with QRPA theoretical calculations, allow us to infer that the ground states of the $^{192,190}$Pb isotopes are spherical. These results represent the first application of the shape determination method using the total absorption technique for heavy nuclei and in a region where there is considerable interest in nuclear shapes and shape effects. Read More

We show a relationship between elastic electron scattering observables and the elastic neutrino cross section that provides a straightforward determination of the latter from experimental data of the former and relates their uncertainties. An illustration of this procedure is presented using a Hartree-Fock mean field for the nuclear structure of a set of even-even nuclear targets, using the spectra of the neutrinos produced in pion decay at rest. We also analyze the prospects to measure the incoherent axial contribution to the neutrino elastic scattering in odd targets. Read More

Charged current inclusive neutrino-nucleus cross sections are evaluated using the superscaling model for quasielastic scattering and its extension to the pion production region. The contribution of two-particle-two-hole vector meson-exchange current excitations is also considered within a fully relativistic model tested against electron scattering data. The results are compared with the inclusive neutrino-nucleus data from the T2K and SciBooNE experiments. Read More

We evaluate and discuss the impact of meson-exchange currents (MECs) on charged-current quasielastic neutrino cross sections. We consider the nuclear transverse response arising from two-particle two-hole states excited by the action of electromagnetic, purely isovector meson-exchange currents in a fully relativistic framework based on the work by the Torino Collaboration [A. D. Read More

Parity-violating polarized electron scattering from nucleons and nuclei provides an excellent tool to extract valuable information on nuclear and nucleon structure, as well as to determine Standard Model couplings and higher-order radiative corrections. As measurements become more precise, theoretical models should improve accordingly in order to exploit the experimental data fully in extracting meaningful information. At the same time, it is crucial that theoretical evaluations come with realistic estimations of the corresponding theoretical uncertainties to establish that the precision reached in the measurements is not compromised. Read More

The Heavy Photon Search (HPS), an experiment to search for a hidden sector photon in fixed target electroproduction, is preparing for installation at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) in the Fall of 2014. As the first stage of this project, the HPS Test Run apparatus was constructed and operated in 2012 to demonstrate the experiment's technical feasibility and to confirm that the trigger rates and occupancies are as expected. This paper describes the HPS Test Run apparatus and readout electronics and its performance. Read More

The general, universal formalism for semi-inclusive charged-current (anti)neutrino-nucleus reactions is given for studies of any hadronic system, namely, either nuclei or the nucleon itself. The detailed developments are presented with the former in mind and are further specialized to cases where the final-state charged lepton and an ejected nucleon are presumed to be detected. General kinematics for such processes are summarized and then explicit expressions are developed for the leptonic and hadronic tensors involved and for the corresponding responses according to the usual charge, longitudinal and transverse projections, keeping finite the masses of all particles involved. Read More

High precision measurements of the parity-violating asymmetry in polarized electron scattering from nuclei can be used to extract information on nuclear and nucleon structure or to determine Standard Model couplings and higher-order radiative corrections. To this end, low uncertainties are also required in the effects that inevitably arise from modeling the underlying nuclear structure. An experimental precision of a few tenths of a percent may be attainable for the asymmetry if the appropriate kinematic range is chosen, as will be discussed here for the case of $^{12}$C. Read More

The Heavy Photon Search (HPS) is a new experiment at Jefferson Lab that will search for heavy U(1) vector bosons (heavy photons or dark photons) in the mass range of 20 MeV/c$^2$ to 1 GeV/c$^2$. Dark photons in this mass range are theoretically favorable and may mediate dark matter interactions. The dark photon couples to electric charge through kinetic mixing with the photon, allowing its production through a process analogous to bremsstrahlung radiation. Read More

Authors: R. Reifarth, S. Altstadt, K. Göbel, T. Heftrich, M. Heil, A. Koloczek, C. Langer, R. Plag, M. Pohl, K. Sonnabend, M. Weigand, T. Adachi, F. Aksouh, J. Al-Khalili, M. AlGarawi, S. AlGhamdi, G. Alkhazov, N. Alkhomashi, H. Alvarez-Pol, R. Alvarez-Rodriguez, V. Andreev, B. Andrei, L. Atar, T. Aumann, V. Avdeichikov, C. Bacri, S. Bagchi, C. Barbieri, S. Beceiro, C. Beck, C. Beinrucker, G. Belier, D. Bemmerer, M. Bendel, J. Benlliure, G. Benzoni, R. Berjillos, D. Bertini, C. Bertulani, S. Bishop, N. Blasi, T. Bloch, Y. Blumenfeld, A. Bonaccorso, K. Boretzky, A. Botvina, A. Boudard, P. Boutachkov, I. Boztosun, A. Bracco, S. Brambilla, J. Briz Monago, M. Caamano, C. Caesar, F. Camera, E. Casarejos, W. Catford, J. Cederkall, B. Cederwall, M. Chartier, A. Chatillon, M. Cherciu, L. Chulkov, P. Coleman-Smith, D. Cortina-Gil, F. Crespi, R. Crespo, J. Cresswell, M. Csatlós, F. Déchery, B. Davids, T. Davinson, V. Derya, P. Detistov, P. Diaz Fernandez, D. DiJulio, S. Dmitry, D. Doré, J. Duenas, E. Dupont, P. Egelhof, I. Egorova, Z. Elekes, J. Enders, J. Endres, S. Ershov, O. Ershova, B. Fernandez-Dominguez, A. Fetisov, E. Fiori, A. Fomichev, M. Fonseca, L. Fraile, M. Freer, J. Friese, M. G. Borge, D. Galaviz Redondo, S. Gannon, U. Garg, I. Gasparic, L. Gasques, B. Gastineau, H. Geissel, R. Gernhäuser, T. Ghosh, M. Gilbert, J. Glorius, P. Golubev, A. Gorshkov, A. Gourishetty, L. Grigorenko, J. Gulyas, M. Haiduc, F. Hammache, M. Harakeh, M. Hass, M. Heine, A. Hennig, A. Henriques, R. Herzberg, M. Holl, A. Ignatov, A. Ignatyuk, S. Ilieva, M. Ivanov, N. Iwasa, B. Jakobsson, H. Johansson, B. Jonson, P. Joshi, A. Junghans, B. Jurado, G. Körner, N. Kalantar, R. Kanungo, A. Kelic-Heil, K. Kezzar, E. Khan, A. Khanzadeev, O. Kiselev, M. Kogimtzis, D. Körper, S. Kräckmann, T. Kröll, R. Krücken, A. Krasznahorkay, J. Kratz, D. Kresan, T. Krings, A. Krumbholz, S. Krupko, R. Kulessa, S. Kumar, N. Kurz, E. Kuzmin, M. Labiche, K. Langanke, I. Lazarus, T. Le Bleis, C. Lederer, A. Lemasson, R. Lemmon, V. Liberati, Y. Litvinov, B. Löher, J. Lopez Herraiz, G. Münzenberg, J. Machado, E. Maev, K. Mahata, D. Mancusi, J. Marganiec, M. Martinez Perez, V. Marusov, D. Mengoni, B. Million, V. Morcelle, O. Moreno, A. Movsesyan, E. Nacher, M. Najafi, T. Nakamura, F. Naqvi, E. Nikolski, T. Nilsson, C. Nociforo, P. Nolan, B. Novatsky, G. Nyman, A. Ornelas, R. Palit, S. Pandit, V. Panin, C. Paradela, V. Parkar, S. Paschalis, P. Pawłowski, A. Perea, J. Pereira, C. Petrache, M. Petri, S. Pickstone, N. Pietralla, S. Pietri, Y. Pivovarov, P. Potlog, A. Prokofiev, G. Rastrepina, T. Rauscher, G. Ribeiro, M. Ricciardi, A. Richter, C. Rigollet, K. Riisager, A. Rios, C. Ritter, T. Rodríguez Frutos, J. Rodriguez Vignote, M. Röder, C. Romig, D. Rossi, P. Roussel-Chomaz, P. Rout, S. Roy, P. Söderström, M. Saha Sarkar, S. Sakuta, M. Salsac, J. Sampson, J. Sanchez del Rio Saez, J. Sanchez Rosado, S. Sanjari, P. Sarriguren, A. Sauerwein, D. Savran, C. Scheidenberger, H. Scheit, S. Schmidt, C. Schmitt, L. Schnorrenberger, P. Schrock, R. Schwengner, D. Seddon, B. Sherrill, A. Shrivastava, S. Sidorchuk, J. Silva, H. Simon, E. Simpson, P. Singh, D. Slobodan, D. Sohler, M. Spieker, D. Stach, E. Stan, M. Stanoiu, S. Stepantsov, P. Stevenson, F. Strieder, L. Stuhl, T. Suda, K. Sümmerer, B. Streicher, J. Taieb, M. Takechi, I. Tanihata, J. Taylor, O. Tengblad, G. Ter-Akopian, S. Terashima, P. Teubig, R. Thies, M. Thoennessen, T. Thomas, J. Thornhill, G. Thungstrom, J. Timar, Y. Togano, U. Tomohiro, T. Tornyi, J. Tostevin, C. Townsley, W. Trautmann, T. Trivedi, S. Typel, E. Uberseder, J. Udias, T. Uesaka, L. Uvarov, Z. Vajta, P. Velho, V. Vikhrov, M. Volknandt, V. Volkov, P. von Neumann-Cosel, M. von Schmid, A. Wagner, F. Wamers, H. Weick, D. Wells, L. Westerberg, O. Wieland, M. Wiescher, C. Wimmer, K. Wimmer, J. S. Winfield, M. Winkel, P. Woods, R. Wyss, D. Yakorev, M. Yavor, J. Zamora Cardona, I. Zartova, T. Zerguerras, I. Zgura, A. Zhdanov, M. Zhukov, M. Zieblinski, A. Zilges, K. Zuber

The nucleosynthesis of elements beyond iron is dominated by neutron captures in the s and r processes. However, 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes cannot be formed during those processes, because they are shielded from the s-process flow and r-process beta-decay chains. These nuclei are attributed to the p and rp process. Read More

Single sequences like Legendre have high linear complexity. Known CDMA families of sequences all have low complexities. We present a new method of constructing CDMA sequence sets with the complexity of the Legendre from new frequency hop patterns, and compare them with known sequences. Read More

In this work we present two generators for the group of symmetries of the generic $(m+1)$ dimensional periodic Costas arrays over elementary abelian $(\mathbb{Z}_p)^m$ groups: one that is defined by multiplication on $m$ dimensions and the other by shear (addition) on $m$ dimensions. Through exhaustive search we observe that these two generators characterize the group of symmetries for the examples we were able to compute. Following the results, we conjecture that these generators characterize the group of symmetries of the generic $(m+1)$ dimensional periodic Costas arrays over elementary abelian $(\mathbb{Z}_p)^m$ groups. Read More

We present new data for the polarization observables of the final state proton in the $^{1}H(\vec{\gamma},\vec{p})\pi^{0}$ reaction. These data can be used to test predictions based on hadron helicity conservation (HHC) and perturbative QCD (pQCD). These data have both small statistical and systematic uncertainties, and were obtained with beam energies between 1. Read More

Sterile neutrinos with mass in the range of one to a few keV are important as extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics and are serious dark matter (DM) candidates. This DM mass scale (warm DM) is in agreement with both cosmological and galactic observations. We study the role of a keV sterile neutrino through its mixing with a light active neutrino in Rhenium 187 and Tritium beta decays. Read More


Intensive theoretical and experimental efforts over the past decade have aimed at explaining the discrepancy between data for the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio, $G_{E}/G_{M}$, obtained separately from cross section and polarization transfer measurements. One possible explanation for this difference is a two-photon-exchange (TPEX) contribution. In an effort to search for effects beyond the one-photon-exchange or Born approximation, we report measurements of polarization transfer observables in the elastic $H(\vec{e},e'\vec{p})$ reaction for three different beam energies at a fixed squared momentum transfer $Q^2 = 2. Read More


Among the most fundamental observables of nucleon structure, electromagnetic form factors are a crucial benchmark for modern calculations describing the strong interaction dynamics of the nucleon's quark constituents; indeed, recent proton data have attracted intense theoretical interest. In this letter, we report new measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio using the recoil polarization method, at momentum transfers Q2=5.2, 6. Read More

Usual Woods-Saxon single particle levels with BCS pairing are not able to reproduce the experimental occupation probabilities of the proton and neutron levels 1p_{3/2}, 1p_{1/2}, 0f_{5/2}, 0g_{9/2} in the double-beta decay system 76Ge to 76Se. Shifting down the 0g_{9/2} level by hand can explain the data but it is not satisfactory. Here it is shown that a selfconsistent Hartree-Fock+BCS approach with experimental deformations for 76Ge and 76Se may decisively improve the agreement with the recent data on occupation probabilities by Schiffer et al. Read More

A theoretical analysis of the single-state dominance hypothesis for the two-neutrino double-beta decay rates is performed on the examples of the double-beta decays of 100Mo, 116Cd, and 128Te. We also test the validity of an extended low-lying-state dominance that takes into account the contributions of the low-lying excited states in the intermediate nucleus to the double-beta decay rates. This study has been accomplished for all the double-beta emitters for which we have experimental information on their half-lives. Read More

The influence of nuclear isospin mixing on parity-violating elastic electron scattering is studied for the even-even, N=Z nuclei 12C, 24Mg, 28Si, and 32S. Their ground-state wave functions have been obtained using a self-consistent axially-symmetric mean-field approximation with density-dependent effective two-body Skyrme interactions. Some differences from previous shell-model calculations appear for the isovector Coulomb form factors which play a role in determining the parity-violating asymmetry. Read More

Gamow-Teller and Fermi transitions are considered in a HF+BCS+pnQRPA theoretical framework. We show here how Gamow-Teller strength distributions can be used in a search for signatures of nuclear deformation in neutron deficient Pb, Hg and Po isotopes, as well as how Fermi transitions allow us to quantify isospin mixing in some even Kr isotopes around N=Z. Read More

The energy distributions of the Gamow-Teller strength are studied for even-even Xe isotopes with mass numbers from 124 to 142. A self-consistent microscopic formalism is used to generate the single particle basis, using a deformed Skyrme Hartree-Fock mean field with pairing correlations in BCS approximation. The Gamow-Teller transitions are obtained within a quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) approach using a residual spin-isospin interaction in the particle-hole and particle-particle channels. Read More

We describe here the new concept of $\epsilon$-Homomorphisms of Probabilistic Regulatory Gene Networks(PRN). The $\epsilon$-homomorphisms are special mappings between two probabilistic networks, that consider the algebraic action of the iteration of functions and the probabilistic dynamic of the two networks. It is proved here that the class of PRN, together with the homomorphisms, form a category with products and coproducts. Read More

We establish a connection between finite fields and finite dynamical systems. We show how this connection can be used to shed light on some problems in finite dynamical systems and in particular, in linear systems. Read More

The effect of nuclear deformation on the energy distributions of the Gamow-Teller strength is studied in neutron-deficient Hg, Pb, and Po even isotopes. The theoretical framework is based on a self-consistent deformed Skyrme Hartree-Fock mean field with pairing correlations between like nucleons in BCS approximation and residual spin-isospin interactions treated in the proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation. After a systematic study of the Gamow-Teller strength distributions in the low excitation energy region, relevant for beta-decay, we have identified the best candidates to look for deformation signatures in their beta-decay patterns. Read More

We present a mathematical model: dynamical systems over finite sets (DSF), and we show that Boolean and discrete genetic models are special cases of DFS. In this paper, we prove that a function defined over finite sets with different number of elements can be represented as a polynomial function over a finite field. Given the data of a function defined over different finite sets, we describe an algorithm to obtain all the polynomial functions associated to this data. Read More

The whole complex process to obtain a protein encoded by a gene is difficult to include in a mathematical model. There are many models for describing different aspects of a genetic network. Finding a better model is one of the most important and interesting questions in computational biology. Read More

We study Gamow-Teller strength distributions in the neutron-deficient even isotopes (184-194)Pb in a search for signatures of deformation. The microscopic formalism used is based on a deformed quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) approach, which involves a self-consistent quasiparticle deformed Skyrme Hartree-Fock (HF) basis and residual spin-isospin forces in both the particle-hole and particle-particle channels. By analyzing the sensitivity of the Gamow-Teller strength distributions to the various ingredients in the formalism, we conclude that the beta-decay of these isotopes could be a useful tool to look for fingerprints of nuclear deformation. Read More