O. Buchmueller - Heavy Flavor Averaging Group

O. Buchmueller
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O. Buchmueller
Heavy Flavor Averaging Group

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (32)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (25)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By O. Buchmueller

Weakly-coupled TeV-scale particles may mediate the interactions between normal matter and dark matter. If so, the LHC would produce dark matter through these mediators, leading to the familiar "mono-X" search signatures, but the mediators would also produce signals without missing momentum via the same vertices involved in their production. This document from the LHC Dark Matter Working Group suggests how to compare searches for these two types of signals in case of vector and axial-vector mediators, based on a workshop that took place on September 19/20, 2016 and subsequent discussions. Read More

We perform a likelihood analysis of the minimal Anomaly-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking (mAMSB) model using constraints from cosmology and accelerator experiments. We find that a wino-like or a Higgsino-like neutralino LSP, $m_{\tilde \chi^0_{1}}$, may provide the cold dark matter (DM) with similar likelihood. The upper limit on the DM density from Planck and other experiments enforces $m_{\tilde \chi^0_{1}} \lesssim 3~TeV$ after the inclusion of Sommerfeld enhancement in its annihilations. Read More

We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\mathbf{5}$ and $\mathbf{\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\tan \beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. Read More

This White Paper is an input to the ongoing discussion about the extension and refinement of simplified Dark Matter (DM) models. Based on two concrete examples, we show how existing simplified DM models (SDMM) can be extended to provide a more accurate and comprehensive framework to interpret and characterise collider searches. In the first example we extend the canonical SDMM with a scalar mediator to include mixing with the Higgs boson. Read More


This report summarises the physics opportunities in the search and study of physics beyond the Standard Model at a 100 TeV pp collider. Read More

Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, neutralino_1, assumed here to be the LSP and thus the Dark Matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly-degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) such as the lighter stau (stau_1), stop (stop_1) or chargino (chargino_1), resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 and pMSSM10. Read More

Authors: Daniel Abercrombie, Nural Akchurin, Ece Akilli, Juan Alcaraz Maestre, Brandon Allen, Barbara Alvarez Gonzalez, Jeremy Andrea, Alexandre Arbey, Georges Azuelos, Patrizia Azzi, Mihailo Backović, Yang Bai, Swagato Banerjee, James Beacham, Alexander Belyaev, Antonio Boveia, Amelia Jean Brennan, Oliver Buchmueller, Matthew R. Buckley, Giorgio Busoni, Michael Buttignol, Giacomo Cacciapaglia, Regina Caputo, Linda Carpenter, Nuno Filipe Castro, Guillelmo Gomez Ceballos, Yangyang Cheng, John Paul Chou, Arely Cortes Gonzalez, Chris Cowden, Francesco D'Eramo, Annapaola De Cosa, Michele De Gruttola, Albert De Roeck, Andrea De Simone, Aldo Deandrea, Zeynep Demiragli, Anthony DiFranzo, Caterina Doglioni, Tristan du Pree, Robin Erbacher, Johannes Erdmann, Cora Fischer, Henning Flaecher, Patrick J. Fox, Benjamin Fuks, Marie-Helene Genest, Bhawna Gomber, Andreas Goudelis, Johanna Gramling, John Gunion, Kristian Hahn, Ulrich Haisch, Roni Harnik, Philip C. Harris, Kerstin Hoepfner, Siew Yan Hoh, Dylan George Hsu, Shih-Chieh Hsu, Yutaro Iiyama, Valerio Ippolito, Thomas Jacques, Xiangyang Ju, Felix Kahlhoefer, Alexis Kalogeropoulos, Laser Seymour Kaplan, Lashkar Kashif, Valentin V. Khoze, Raman Khurana, Khristian Kotov, Dmytro Kovalskyi, Suchita Kulkarni, Shuichi Kunori, Viktor Kutzner, Hyun Min Lee, Sung-Won Lee, Seng Pei Liew, Tongyan Lin, Steven Lowette, Romain Madar, Sarah Malik, Fabio Maltoni, Mario Martinez Perez, Olivier Mattelaer, Kentarou Mawatari, Christopher McCabe, Théo Megy, Enrico Morgante, Stephen Mrenna, Siddharth M. Narayanan, Andy Nelson, Sérgio F. Novaes, Klaas Ole Padeken, Priscilla Pani, Michele Papucci, Manfred Paulini, Christoph Paus, Jacopo Pazzini, Björn Penning, Michael E. Peskin, Deborah Pinna, Massimiliano Procura, Shamona F. Qazi, Davide Racco, Emanuele Re, Antonio Riotto, Thomas G. Rizzo, Rainer Roehrig, David Salek, Arturo Sanchez Pineda, Subir Sarkar, Alexander Schmidt, Steven Randolph Schramm, William Shepherd, Gurpreet Singh, Livia Soffi, Norraphat Srimanobhas, Kevin Sung, Tim M. P. Tait, Timothee Theveneaux-Pelzer, Marc Thomas, Mia Tosi, Daniele Trocino, Sonaina Undleeb, Alessandro Vichi, Fuquan Wang, Lian-Tao Wang, Ren-Jie Wang, Nikola Whallon, Steven Worm, Mengqing Wu, Sau Lan Wu, Hongtao Yang, Yong Yang, Shin-Shan Yu, Bryan Zaldivar, Marco Zanetti, Zhiqing Zhang, Alberto Zucchetta

This document is the final report of the ATLAS-CMS Dark Matter Forum, a forum organized by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations with the participation of experts on theories of Dark Matter, to select a minimal basis set of dark matter simplified models that should support the design of the early LHC Run-2 searches. A prioritized, compact set of benchmark models is proposed, accompanied by studies of the parameter space of these models and a repository of generator implementations. This report also addresses how to apply the Effective Field Theory formalism for collider searches and present the results of such interpretations. Read More

Authors: Jalal Abdallah, Henrique Araujo, Alexandre Arbey, Adi Ashkenazi, Alexander Belyaev, Joshua Berger, Celine Boehm, Antonio Boveia, Amelia Brennan, Jim Brooke, Oliver Buchmueller, Matthew Buckley, Giorgio Busoni, Lorenzo Calibbi, Sushil Chauhan, Nadir Daci, Gavin Davies, Isabelle De Bruyn, Paul De Jong, Albert De Roeck, Kees de Vries, Daniele Del Re, Andrea De Simone, Andrea Di Simone, Caterina Doglioni, Matthew Dolan, Herbi K. Dreiner, John Ellis, Sarah Eno, Erez Etzion, Malcolm Fairbairn, Brian Feldstein, Henning Flaecher, Eric Feng, Patrick Fox, Marie-Hélène Genest, Loukas Gouskos, Johanna Gramling, Ulrich Haisch, Roni Harnik, Anthony Hibbs, Siewyan Hoh, Walter Hopkins, Valerio Ippolito, Thomas Jacques, Felix Kahlhoefer, Valentin V. Khoze, Russell Kirk, Andreas Korn, Khristian Kotov, Shuichi Kunori, Greg Landsberg, Sebastian Liem, Tongyan Lin, Steven Lowette, Robyn Lucas, Luca Malgeri, Sarah Malik, Christopher McCabe, Alaettin Serhan Mete, Enrico Morgante, Stephen Mrenna, Yu Nakahama, Dave Newbold, Karl Nordstrom, Priscilla Pani, Michele Papucci, Sophio Pataraia, Bjoern Penning, Deborah Pinna, Giacomo Polesello, Davide Racco, Emanuele Re, Antonio Walter Riotto, Thomas Rizzo, David Salek, Subir Sarkar, Steven Schramm, Patrick Skubic, Oren Slone, Juri Smirnov, Yotam Soreq, Timothy Sumner, Tim M. P. Tait, Marc Thomas, Ian Tomalin, Christopher Tunnell, Alessandro Vichi, Tomer Volansky, Neal Weiner, Stephen M. West, Monika Wielers, Steven Worm, Itay Yavin, Bryan Zaldivar, Ning Zhou, Kathryn Zurek

This document outlines a set of simplified models for dark matter and its interactions with Standard Model particles. It is intended to summarize the main characteristics that these simplified models have when applied to dark matter searches at the LHC, and to provide a number of useful expressions for reference. The list of models includes both s-channel and t-channel scenarios. Read More

The mono-jet search, looking for events involving missing transverse energy (MET) plus one or two jets, is the most prominent collider dark matter search. We show that multi-jet searches, which look for MET plus two or more jets, are significantly more sensitive than the mono-jet search for pseudoscalar- and scalar-mediated interactions. We demonstrate this in the context of a simplified model with a pseudoscalar interaction that explains the excess in GeV energy gamma rays observed by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. Read More

We discuss the potential impacts on the CMSSM of future LHC runs and possible electron-positron and higher-energy proton-proton colliders, considering searches for supersymmetry via MET events, precision electroweak physics, Higgs measurements and dark matter searches. We validate and present estimates of the physics reach for exclusion or discovery of supersymmetry via MET searches at the LHC, which should cover the low-mass regions of the CMSSM parameter space favoured in a recent global analysis. As we illustrate with a low-mass benchmark point, a discovery would make possible accurate LHC measurements of sparticle masses using the MT2 variable, which could be combined with cross-section and other measurements to constrain the gluino, squark and stop masses and hence the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters m_0, m_{1/2} and A_0 of the CMSSM. Read More

We present a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of the pMSSM10, in which the following 10 soft SUSY-breaking parameters are specified independently at the mean scalar top mass scale Msusy = Sqrt[M_stop1 M_stop2]: the gaugino masses M_{1,2,3}, the 1st-and 2nd-generation squark masses M_squ1 = M_squ2, the third-generation squark mass M_squ3, a common slepton mass M_slep and a common trilinear mixing parameter A, the Higgs mixing parameter mu, the pseudoscalar Higgs mass M_A and tan beta. We use the MultiNest sampling algorithm with 1.2 x 10^9 points to sample the pMSSM10 parameter space. Read More

In this White Paper we present and discuss a concrete proposal for the consistent interpretation of Dark Matter searches at colliders and in direct detection experiments. Based on a specific implementation of simplified models of vector and axial-vector mediator exchanges, this proposal demonstrates how the two search strategies can be compared on an equal footing. Read More

We make a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of the NUHM2, in which the soft supersymmetry (SUSY)-breaking contributions to the masses of the two Higgs multiplets, $m^2_{H_{u,d}}$, vary independently from the universal soft SUSY-breaking contributions $m^2_0$ to the masses of squarks and sleptons. Our analysis uses the MultiNest sampling algorithm with over $4 \times 10^8$ points to sample the NUHM2 parameter space. It includes the ATLAS and CMS Higgs mass measurements as well as their searches for supersymmetric jets + MET signals using the full LHC Run~1 data, the measurements of $B_s \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ by LHCb and CMS together with other B-physics observables, electroweak precision observables and the XENON100 and LUX searches for spin-independent dark matter scattering. Read More

We introduce a Minimal Simplified Dark Matter (MSDM) framework to quantitatively characterise dark matter (DM) searches at the LHC. We study two MSDM models where the DM is a Dirac fermion which interacts with a vector and axial-vector mediator. The models are characterised by four parameters: the DM and mediator masses, and the mediator couplings to DM and quarks. Read More

Authors: A. J. Bevan, B. Golob, Th. Mannel, S. Prell, B. D. Yabsley, K. Abe, H. Aihara, F. Anulli, N. Arnaud, T. Aushev, M. Beneke, J. Beringer, F. Bianchi, I. I. Bigi, M. Bona, N. Brambilla, J. B rodzicka, P. Chang, M. J. Charles, C. H. Cheng, H. -Y. Cheng, R. Chistov, P. Colangelo, J. P. Coleman, A. Drutskoy, V. P. Druzhinin, S. Eidelman, G. Eigen, A. M. Eisner, R. Faccini, K. T . Flood, P. Gambino, A. Gaz, W. Gradl, H. Hayashii, T. Higuchi, W. D. Hulsbergen, T. Hurth, T. Iijima, R. Itoh, P. D. Jackson, R. Kass, Yu. G. Kolomensky, E. Kou, P. Križan, A. Kronfeld, S. Kumano, Y. J. Kwon, T. E. Latham, D. W. G. S. Leith, V. Lüth, F. Martinez-Vidal, B. T. Meadows, R. Mussa, M. Nakao, S. Nishida, J. Ocariz, S. L. Olsen, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, A. Palano, A. Pich, S. Playfer, A. Poluektov, F. C. Porter, S. H. Robertson, J. M. Roney, A. Roodman, Y. Sakai, C. Schwanda, A. J. Schwartz, R. Seidl, S. J. Sekula, M. Steinhauser, K. Sumisawa, E. S. Swanson, F. Tackmann, K. Trabelsi, S. Uehara, S. Uno, R. van der Water, G. Vasseur, W. Verkerke, R. Waldi, M. Z. Wang, F. F. Wilson, J. Zupan, A. Zupanc, I. Adachi, J. Albert, Sw. Banerjee, M. Bellis, E. Ben-Haim, P. Biassoni, R. N. Cahn, C. Cartaro, J. Chauveau, C. Chen, C. C. Chiang, R. Cowan, J. Dalseno, M. Davier, C. Davies, J. C. Dingfelder, B. Eche nard, D. Epifanov, B. G. Fulsom, A. M. Gabareen, J. W. Gary, R. Godang, M. T. Graham, A. Hafner, B. Hamilton, T. Hartmann, K. Hayasaka, C. Hearty, Y. Iwasaki, A. Khodjamirian, A. Kusaka, A. Kuzmin, G. D. Lafferty, A. Lazzaro, J. Li, D. Lindemann, O. Long, A. Lusiani, G. Marchiori, M. Martinelli, K. Miyabayashi, R. Mizuk, G. B. Mohanty, D. R. Muller, H. Nakazawa, P. Ongmongkolkul, S. Pacetti, F. Palombo, T. K. Pedlar, L. E. Piilonen, A. Pilloni, V. Poireau, K. Prothmann, T. Pulliam, M. Rama, B. N. Ratcliff, P. Roudeau, S. Schrenk, T. Schroeder, K. R. Schubert, C. P. Shen, B. Shwartz, A. Soffer, E. P. Solodov, A. Somov, M. Starič, S. Stracka, A. V. Telnov, K. Yu. Todyshev, T. Tsuboyama, T. Uglov, A. Vinokurova, J. J. Walsh, Y. Watanabe, E. Won, G. Wormser, D. H. Wright, S. Ye, C. C. Zhang, S. Abachi, A. Abashian, K. Abe, K. Abe, N. Abe, R. Abe, T. Abe, T. Abe, G. S. Abrams, I. Adam, K. Adamczyk, A. Adametz, T. Adye, A. Agarwal, H. Ahmed, M. Ahmed, S. Ahmed, B. S. Ahn, H. S. Ahn, I. J. R. Aitchison, K. Akai, S. Akar, M. Akatsu, M. Akemoto, R. Akhmetshin, R. Akre, M. S. Alam, J. N. Albert, R. Aleksan, J. P. Alexander, G. Alimonti, M. T. Allen, J. Allison, T. Allmendinger, J. R. G. Alsmiller, D. Altenburg, K. E. Alwyn, Q. An, J. Anderson, R. Andreassen, D. Andreotti, M. Andreotti, J. C. Andress, C. Angelini, D. Anipko, A. Anjomshoaa, P. L. Anthony, E. A. Antillon, E. Antonioli, K. Aoki, J. F. Arguin, K. Arinstein, K. Arisaka, K. Asai, M. Asai, Y. Asano, D. J. Asgeirsson, D. M. Asner, T. Aso, M. L. Aspinwall, D. Aston, H. Atmacan, B. Aubert, V. Aulchenko, R. Ayad, T. Azemoon, T. Aziz, V. Azzolini, D. E. Azzopardi, M. A. Baak, J. J. Back, S. Bagnasco, S. Bahinipati, D. S. Bailey, S. Bailey, P. Bailly, N. van Bakel, A. M. Bakich, A. Bala, V. Balagura, R. Baldini-Ferroli, Y. Ban, E. Banas, H. R. Band, S. Banerjee, E. Baracchini, R. Barate, E. Barberio, M. Barbero, D. J. Bard, T. Barillari, N. R. Barlow, R. J. Barlow, M. Barrett, W. Bartel, J. Bartelt, R. Bartoldus, G. Batignani, M. Battaglia, J. M. Bauer, A. Bay, M. Beaulieu, P. Bechtle, T. W. Beck, J. Becker, J. Becla, I. Bedny, S. Behari, P. K. Behera, E. Behn, L. Behr, C. Beigbeder, D. Beiline, R. Bell, F. Bellini, G. Bellodi, K. Belous, M. Benayoun, G. Benelli, J. F. Benitez, M. Benkebil, N. Berger, J. Bernabeu, D. Bernard, R. Bernet, F. U. Bernlochner, J. W. Berryhill, K. Bertsche, P. Besson, D. S. Best, S. Bettarini, D. Bettoni, V. Bhardwaj, W. Bhimji, B. Bhuyan, B. Bhuyan, M. E. Biagini, M. Biasini, K. van Bibber, J. Biesiada, I. Bingham, R. M. Bionta, M. Bischofberger, U. Bitenc, I. Bizjak, F. Blanc, G. Blaylock, V. E. Blinov, E. Bloom, P. C. Bloom, N. L. Blount, J. Blouw, M. Bly, S. Blyth, C. T. Boeheim, M. Bomben, A. Bondar, M. Bondioli, G. R. Bonneaud, G. Bonvicini, M. Booke, J. Booth, C. Borean, A. W. Borgland, E. Borsato, F. Bosi, L. Bosisio, A. A. Botov, J. Bougher, K. Bouldin, P. Bourgeois, D. Boutigny, D. A. Bowerman, A. M. Boyarski, R. F. Boyce, J. T. Boyd, A. Bozek, C. Bozzi, M. Bračko, G. Brandenburg, T. Brandt, B. Brau, J. Brau, A. B. Breon, D. Breton, C. Brew, H. Briand, P. G. Bright-Thomas, V. Brigljević, D. I. Britton, F. Brochard, B. Broomer, J. Brose, T. E. Browder, C. L. Brown, C. M. Brown, D. N. Brown, D. N. Brown, M. Browne, M. Bruinsma, S. Brunet, F. Bucci, C. Buchanan, O. L. Buchmueller, C. Bünger, W. Bugg, A. D. Bukin, R. Bula, H. Bulten, P. R. Burchat, W. Burgess, J. P. Burke, J. Button-Shafer, A. R. Buzykaev, A. Buzzo, Y. Cai, R. Calabrese, A. Calcaterra, G. Calderini, B. Camanzi, E. Campagna, C. Campagnari, R. Capra, V. Carassiti, M. Carpinelli, M. Carroll, G. Casarosa, B. C. K. Casey, N. M. Cason, G. Castelli, N. Cavallo, G. Cavoto, A. Cecchi, R. Cenci, G. Cerizza, A. Cervelli, A. Ceseracciu, X. Chai, K. S. Chaisanguanthum, M. C. Chang, Y. H. Chang, Y. W. Chang, D. S. Chao, M. Chao, Y. Chao, E. Charles, C. A. Chavez, R. Cheaib, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, A. Chen, E. Chen, G. P. Chen, H. F. Chen, J. -H. Chen, J. C. Chen, K. F. Chen, P. Chen, S. Chen, W. T. Chen, X. Chen, X. R. Chen, Y. Q. Chen, B. Cheng, B. G. Cheon, N. Chevalier, Y. M. Chia, S. Chidzik, K. Chilikin, M. V. Chistiakova, R. Cizeron, I. S. Cho, K. Cho, V. Chobanova, H. H. F. Choi, K. S. Choi, S. K. Choi, Y. Choi, Y. K. Choi, S. Christ, P. H. Chu, S. Chun, A. Chuvikov, G. Cibinetto, D. Cinabro, A. R. Clark, P. J. Clark, C. K. Clarke, R. Claus, B. Claxton, Z. C. Clifton, J. Cochran, J. Cohen-Tanugi, H. Cohn, T. Colberg, S. Cole, F. Colecchia, C. Condurache, R. Contri, P. Convert, M. R. Convery, P. Cooke, N. Copty, C. M. Cormack, F. Dal Corso, L. A. Corwin, F. Cossutti, D. Cote, A. Cotta Ramusino, W. N. Cottingham, F. Couderc, D. P. Coupal, R. Covarelli, G. Cowan, W. W. Craddock, G. Crane, H. B. Crawley, L. Cremaldi, A. Crescente, M. Cristinziani, J. Crnkovic, G. Crosetti, T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann, A. Cunha, S. Curry, A. D'Orazio, S. Dû, G. Dahlinger, B. Dahmes, C. Dallapiccola, N. Danielson, M. Danilov, A. Das, M. Dash, S. Dasu, M. Datta, F. Daudo, P. D. Dauncey, P. David, C. L. Davis, C. T. Day, F. De Mori, G. De Domenico, N. De Groot, C. De la Vaissière, Ch. de la Vaissière, A. de Lesquen, G. De Nardo, R. de Sangro, A. De Silva, S. DeBarger, F. J. Decker, P. del Amo Sanchez, L. Del Buono, V. Del Gamba, D. del Re, G. Della Ricca, A. G. Denig, D. Derkach, I. M. Derrington, H. DeStaebler, J. Destree, S. Devmal, B. Dey, B. Di Girolamo, E. Di Marco, M. Dickopp, M. O. Dima, S. Dittrich, S. Dittongo, P. Dixon, L. Dneprovsky, F. Dohou, Y. Doi, Z. Doležal, D. A. Doll, M. Donald, L. Dong, L. Y. Dong, J. Dorfan, A. Dorigo, M. P. Dorsten, R. Dowd, J. Dowdell, Z. Drásal, J. Dragic, B. W. Drummond, R. S. Dubitzky, G. P. Dubois-Felsmann, M. S. Dubrovin, Y. C. Duh, Y. T. Duh, D. Dujmic, W. Dungel, W. Dunwoodie, D. Dutta, A. Dvoretskii, N. Dyce, M. Ebert, E. A. Eckhart, S. Ecklund, R. Eckmann, P. Eckstein, C. L. Edgar, A. J. Edwards, U. Egede, A. M. Eichenbaum, P. Elmer, S. Emery, Y. Enari, R. Enomoto, E. Erdos, R. Erickson, J. A. Ernst, R. J. Erwin, M. Escalier, V. Eschenburg, I. Eschrich, S. Esen, L. Esteve, F. Evangelisti, C. W. Everton, V. Eyges, C. Fabby, F. Fabozzi, S. Fahey, M. Falbo, S. Fan, F. Fang, F. Fang, C. Fanin, A. Farbin, H. Farhat, J. E. Fast, M. Feindt, A. Fella, E. Feltresi, T. Ferber, R. E. Fernholz, S. Ferrag, F. Ferrarotto, F. Ferroni, R. C. Field, A. Filippi, G. Finocchiaro, E. Fioravanti, J. Firmino da Costa, P. -A. Fischer, A. Fisher, P. H. Fisher, C. J. Flacco, R. L. Flack, H. U. Flaecher, J. Flanagan, J. M. Flanigan, K. E. Ford, W. T. Ford, I. J. Forster, A. C. Forti, F. Forti, D. Fortin, B. Foster, S. D. Foulkes, G. Fouque, J. Fox, P. Franchini, M. Franco Sevilla, B. Franek, E. D. Frank, K. B. Fransham, S. Fratina, K. Fratini, A. Frey, R. Frey, M. Friedl, M. Fritsch, J. R. Fry, H. Fujii, M. Fujikawa, Y. Fujita, Y. Fujiyama, C. Fukunaga, M. Fukushima, J. Fullwood, Y. Funahashi, Y. Funakoshi, F. Furano, M. Furman, K. Furukawa, H. Futterschneider, E. Gabathuler, T. A. Gabriel, N. Gabyshev, F. Gaede, N. Gagliardi, A. Gaidot, J. -M. Gaillard, J. R. Gaillard, S. Galagedera, F. Galeazzi, F. Gallo, D. Gamba, R. Gamet, K. K. Gan, P. Gandini, S. Ganguly, S. F. Ganzhur, Y. Y. Gao, I. Gaponenko, A. Garmash, J. Garra Tico, I. Garzia, M. Gaspero, F. Gastaldi, C. Gatto, V. Gaur, N. I. Geddes, T. L. Geld, J. -F. Genat, K. A. George, M. George, S. George, Z. Georgette, T. J. Gershon, M. S. Gill, R. Gillard, J. D. Gilman, F. Giordano, M. A. Giorgi, P. -F. Giraud, L. Gladney, T. Glanzman, R. Glattauer, A. Go, K. Goetzen, Y. M. Goh, G. Gokhroo, P. Goldenzweig, V. B. Golubev, G. P. Gopal, A. Gordon, A. Gorišek, V. I. Goriletsky, R. Gorodeisky, L. Gosset, K. Gotow, S. J. Gowdy, P. Graffin, S. Grancagnolo, E. Grauges, G. Graziani, M. G. Green, M. G. Greene, G. J. Grenier, P. Grenier, K. Griessinger, A. A. Grillo, B. V. Grinyov, A. V. Gritsan, G. Grosdidier, M. Grosse Perdekamp, P. Grosso, M. Grothe, Y. Groysman, O. Grünberg, E. Guido, H. Guler, N. J. W. Gunawardane, Q. H. Guo, R. S. Guo, Z. J. Guo, N. Guttman, H. Ha, H. C. Ha, T. Haas, J. Haba, J. Hachtel, H. K. Hadavand, T. Hadig, C. Hagner, M. Haire, F. Haitani, T. Haji, G. Haller, V. Halyo, K. Hamano, H. Hamasaki, G. Hamel de Monchenault, J. Hamilton, R. Hamilton, O. Hamon, B. Y. Han, Y. L. Han, H. Hanada, K. Hanagaki, F. Handa, J. E. Hanson, A. Hanushevsky, K. Hara, T. Hara, Y. Harada, P. F. Harrison, T. J. Harrison, B. Harrop, A. J. Hart, P. A. Hart, B. L. Hartfiel, J. L. Harton, T. Haruyama, A. Hasan, Y. Hasegawa, C. Hast, N. C. Hastings, K. Hasuko, A. Hauke, C. M. Hawkes, K. Hayashi, M. Hazumi, C. Hee, E. M. Heenan, D. Heffernan, T. Held, R. Henderson, S. W. Henderson, S. S. Hertzbach, S. 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Zheng, Z. P. Zheng, V. Zhilich, P. Zhou, R. Y. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. M. Zhu, V. Zhulanov, T. Ziegler, V. Ziegler, G. Zioulas, M. Zisman, M. Zito, D. Zürcher, N. Zwahlen, O. Zyukova, T. Živko, D. Žontar

This work is on the Physics of the B Factories. Part A of this book contains a brief description of the SLAC and KEK B Factories as well as their detectors, BaBar and Belle, and data taking related issues. Part B discusses tools and methods used by the experiments in order to obtain results. Read More

We discuss the allowed parameter spaces of supersymmetric scenarios in light of improved Higgs mass predictions provided by FeynHiggs 2.10.0. Read More

We analyze the impact of data from the full Run 1 of the LHC at 7 and 8 TeV on the CMSSM with mu > 0 and < 0 and the NUHM1 with mu > 0, incorporating the constraints imposed by other experiments such as precision electroweak measurements, flavour measurements, the cosmological density of cold dark matter and the direct search for the scattering of dark matter particles in the LUX experiment. We use the following results from the LHC experiments: ATLAS searches for events with MET accompanied by jets with the full 7 and 8 TeV data, the ATLAS and CMS measurements of the mass of the Higgs boson, the CMS searches for heavy neutral Higgs bosons and a combination of the LHCb and CMS measurements of B_s to mu+mu- and B_d to mu+mu-. Our results are based on samplings of the parameter spaces of the CMSSM for both mu>0 and mu<0 and of the NUHM1 for mu > 0 with 6. Read More

We study the validity of effective field theory (EFT) interpretations of monojet searches for dark matter at the LHC for vector and axial-vector interactions. We show that the EFT approach is valid when the mediator has mass m_med greater than 2.5 TeV. Read More

In this paper, we present results based on a combination of four inclusive topology searches for supersymmetry (SUSY) from the CMS experiment, and use this to determine universal mass limits on gluino and third-generation squarks in the context of Natural-like SUSY spectra. The class of Natural-like SUSY spectra considered follows the typical Natural SUSY model made up of a gluino, third-generation squarks, and higgsino sparticles, but is extended to more complex spectra containing sleptons. We show that the limits obtained from the combination of inclusive topology searches are far more stable than those from individual searches, with respect to the assumed underlying complexity of the spectra. Read More

We make a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of the CMSSM and NUHM1, using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) with 95 (221) million points to sample the CMSSM (NUHM1) parameter spaces. Our analysis includes the ATLAS search for supersymmetric jets + MET signals using ~ 5/fb of LHC data at 7 TeV, which we apply using PYTHIA and a Delphes implementation that we validate in the relevant parameter regions of the CMSSM and NUHM1. Our analysis also includes the constraint imposed by searches for B_s to mu+mu- by LHCb, CMS, ATLAS and CDF, and the limit on spin-independent dark matter scattering from 225 live days of XENON100 data. Read More

Global frequentist fits to the CMSSM and NUHM1 using the MasterCode framework predicted m_h \simeq 119 GeV in fits incorporating the g_mu-2 constraint and \simeq 126 GeV without it. Recent results by ATLAS and CMS could be compatible with a Standard Model-like Higgs boson around m_h \simeq 125 GeV. We use the previous MasterCode analysis to calculate the likelihood for a measurement of any nominal Higgs mass within the range of 115 to 130 GeV. Read More

We update previous frequentist analyses of the CMSSM and NUHM1 parameter spaces to include the public results of searches for supersymmetric signals using ~1 /fb of LHC data recorded by ATLAS and CMS and ~0.3/fb of data recorded by LHCb in addition to electroweak precision and B-physics observables. We also include the constraints imposed by the cosmological dark matter density and the XENON100 search for spin-independent dark matter scattering. Read More

We make frequentist analyses of the CMSSM, NUHM1, VCMSSM and mSUGRA parameter spaces taking into account all the public results of searches for supersymmetry using data from the 2010 LHC run and the Xenon100 direct search for dark matter scattering. The LHC data set includes ATLAS and CMS searches for jets + ETslash events (with or without leptons) and for the heavier MSSM Higgs bosons, and the upper limit on bs to mu mu including data from LHCb as well as CDF and D0. The absences of signals in the LHC data favour somewhat heavier mass spectra than in our previous analyses of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and VCMSSM, and somewhat smaller dark matter scattering cross sections, all close to or within the pre-LHC 68% CL ranges, but do not impact significantly the favoured regions of the mSUGRA parameter space. Read More

The CMS and ATLAS Collaborations have recently published the results of initial direct LHC searches for supersymmetry analyzing ~ 35/pb of data taken at 7 TeV in the centre of mass. We incorporate these results into a frequentist analysis of the probable ranges of parameters of simple versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), namely the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), a model with common non-universal Higgs masses (NUHM1), the very constrained MSSM (VCMSSM) and minimal supergravity (mSUGRA). We present updated predictions for the gluino mass, m_gl, the light Higgs boson mass, M_h, BR(B_s to mu mu) and the spin-independent dark matter scattering cross section, sigma_SI. Read More

We make a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of minimal supergravity (mSUGRA), in which, as well as the gaugino and scalar soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters being universal, there is a specific relation between the trilinear, bilinear and scalar supersymmetry-breaking parameters, A_0 = B_0 + m_0, and the gravitino mass is fixed by m_{3/2} = m_0. We also consider a more general model, in which the gravitino mass constraint is relaxed (the VCMSSM). We combine in the global likelihood function the experimental constraints from low-energy electroweak precision data, the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, the lightest Higgs boson mass M_h, B physics and the astrophysical cold dark matter density, assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) is a neutralino. Read More

The Large Hadron Collider presents an unprecedented opportunity to probe the realm of new physics in the TeV region and shed light on some of the core unresolved issues of particle physics. These include the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking, the origin of mass, the possible constituent of cold dark matter, new sources of CP violation needed to explain the baryon excess in the universe, the possible existence of extra gauge groups and extra matter, and importantly the path Nature chooses to resolve the hierarchy problem - is it supersymmetry or extra dimensions. Many models of new physics beyond the standard model contain a hidden sector which can be probed at the LHC. Read More

Using a frequentist analysis of experimental constraints within two versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, we derive the predictions for the top quark mass, m_t, and the W boson mass, m_W. We find that the supersymmetric predictions for both m_t and m_W, obtained by incorporating all the relevant experimental information and state-of-the-art theoretical predictions, are highly compatible with the experimental values with small remaining uncertainties, yielding an improvement compared to the case of the Standard Model. Read More

On the basis of frequentist analyses of experimental constraints from electroweak precision data, g-2, B physics and cosmological data, we investigate the parameters of the constrained MSSM (CMSSM) with universal soft supersymmetry-breaking mass parameters, and a model with common non-universal Higgs masses (NUHM1). We present chi^2 likelihood functions for the masses of supersymmetric particles and Higgs bosons, as well as b to s gamma, b to mu mu and the spin-independent dark matter scattering cross section. In the CMSSM we find preferences for sparticle masses that are relatively light. Read More

In view of the imminent start of the LHC experimental programme, we use the available indirect experimental and cosmological information to estimate the likely range of parameters of the constrained minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (CMSSM), using a Markov-chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique to sample the parameter space. The 95% confidence-level area in the (m_0, m_1/2) plane of the CMSSM lies largely within the region that could be explored with 1/fb of integrated luminosity at 14 TeV, and much of the 68% confidence-level area lies within the region that could be explored with 50/pb of integrated luminosity at 10 TeV. A same-sign dilepton signal could well be visible in most of the 68% confidence-level area with 1/fb of integrated luminosity at 14 TeV. Read More

Affiliations: 1Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 2Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 3Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 4Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 5Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 6Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 7Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 8Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 9Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 10Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 11Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 12Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 13Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 14Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 15Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 16Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 17Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 18Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 19Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 20Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 21Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 22Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 23Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 24Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 25Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 26Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 27Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 28Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 29Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 30Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 31Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 32Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 33Heavy Flavor Averaging Group, 34Heavy Flavor Averaging Group

This article reports world averages for measurements of b-hadron and c-hadron properties obtained by the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) using the results available at the end of 2007. For the averaging, common input parameters used in the various analyses are adjusted (rescaled) to common values, and known correlations are taken into account. The averages include branching fractions, lifetimes, neutral meson mixing parameters, CP violation parameters, and parameters of semileptonic decays. Read More

Measurements at low energies provide interesting indirect information about masses of particles that are (so far) too heavy to be produced directly. Motivated by recent progress in consistently and rigorously calculating electroweak precision observables and flavour related observables, we derive the preferred value for m_h in the Constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (CMSSM), obtained from a fit taking into account electroweak precision data, flavour physics observables and the abundance of Cold Dark Matter. No restriction is imposed on m_h itself: the experimental bound from direct Higgs boson search at LEP is not included in the fit. Read More

After a brief overview of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment, the status of construction and installation is described in the first part of the note. The second part of the document is devoted to a discussion of the general commissioning strategy of the CMS experiment, with a particular emphasis on trigger, calibration and alignment. Aspects of b-physics, as well as examples for early physics with CMS are also presented. Read More

We present a fit to measured moments of inclusive distributions in B->Xc lv and B-> Xs gamma decays to extract values for the CKM matrix element |Vcb|, the b- and c-quark masses, and higher order parameters that appear in the Heavy Quark Expansion. The fit is carried out using theoretical calculations in the kinetic scheme and includes moment measurements of the Babar, Belle, CDF, CLEO and DELPHI collaborations for which correlation matrices have been published. We find |Vcb| = (41. Read More