Noah Brosch - TAU

Noah Brosch
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Noah Brosch

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Astrophysics (19)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (16)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (10)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (9)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Physics - History of Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Noah Brosch

The 2175 \AA\ UV extinction feature was discovered in the mid-1960s, yet its physical origin remains poorly understood. One suggestion is absorption by Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) molecules, which is supported by theoretical molecular structure computations and by laboratory experiments. PAHs are positively detected by their 3. Read More

We have used dedicated 0.7m telescopes in California and Israel to image the halos of ~200 galaxies in the Local Volume to 29 mag/sq arcsec, the sample mainly drawn from the 2MASS Large Galaxy Atlas (LGA). We supplement the LGA sample with dwarf galaxies and more distant giant ellipticals. Read More

We present a design for a near-ultraviolet (NUV) imaging instrument which may be flown on a range of available platforms, including high-altitude balloons, nanosatellites, or space missions. Although all current UV space missions adopt a Ritchey-Chretain telescope design, this requires aspheric optics, making the optical system complex, expensive and challenging for manufacturing and alignment. An all-spherical configuration is a cost-effective and simple solution. Read More

I present observations of the Hickson Compact Group 88 (HCG88) obtained during the commissioning of a new 28-inch telescope at the Wise Observatory. This galaxy group was advertised to be non-interacting, or to be in a very early interaction stage, but this is not the case. The observations reported here were done using a "luminance" filter, essentially a very broad R filter, reaching a low surface brightness level of about 26 mag per square arcsec. Read More

We describe the third telescope of the Wise Observatory, a 0.70-m Centurion 28 (C28IL) installed in 2013 and named the Jay Baum Rich telescope to enhance significantly the wide-field imaging possibilities of the observatory. The telescope operates from a 5. Read More

We describe observations of the apparently empty ring galaxy ESO 474-G040 obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT). The observations, consisting of imaging, long-slit spectroscopy and Fabry-Perot mapping of the H-alpha line, allow determining the ring kinematics as well as estimating the metallicity of the ring and the stellar population composition in its various parts. We propose that the object could best be understood as being the result of a past merger of disk galaxies, which formed a gas ring that subsequently disrupted via the bead instability and is presently forming stars. Read More

Space astronomy in the last 40 years has largely been done from spacecraft in low Earth orbit (LEO) for which the technology is proven and delivery mechanisms are readily available. However, new opportunities are arising with the surge in commercial aerospace missions. We describe here one such possibility: deploying a small instrument on the Moon. Read More

We describe the final product of the North Celestial Cap Survey (NCC Survey, NCCS) - the optical-UV-IR merged catalogue for the region within 10 deg of the North Celestial Pole. The NCC region at DEC > 80 deg is poorly covered by modern CCD-based surveys. The optical part of the survey was observed in V, R and I with the Wise Observatory telescopes and was merged with GALEX UV and WISE IR data, producing the catalogue. Read More

Maria family is regarded as an old-type (~3 +/- 1 Gyr) asteroid family which has experienced substantial collisional and dynamical evolution in the Main-belt. It is located nearby the 3:1 Jupter mean motion resonance area that supplies Near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) to the inner Solar System. We carried out observations of Maria family asteroids during 134 nights from 2008 July to 2013 May, and derived synodic rotational periods for 51 objects, including newly obtained periods of 34 asteroids. Read More

We have used GALEX and SDSS observations to extract 7 band photometric magnitudes for over 80,000 objects in the vicinity of the North Galactic Pole. Although these had been identified as stars by the SDSS pipeline, we found through fitting with model SEDs that most were, in fact, of extragalactic origin. Only about 9% of these objects turned out to be main sequence stars and about 11% were white dwarfs and red giants collectively, while galaxies and quasars contributed to the remaining 80% of the data. Read More

We present new HI observations of Hoag's Object obtained with the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT). The data show that the luminous optical ring around the elliptical body has a bright HI counterpart that shares the kinematical properties of the optical ring. The entire HI structure is twice as large as the optical ring and shows a mild warp in its outer regions relative to the inner ring. Read More

We report observations of 16 candidate polar ring galaxies (PRGs) identified by the Galaxy Zoo project in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) database. Deep images of five galaxies are available in the SDSS Stripe82 database, while to reach similar depth we observed the remaining galaxies with the 1.8-m Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope. Read More

We present results from an on-going programme to study the dust and ionized gas in E/S0 galaxies with dust lanes. Our data, together with results from previous studies of E/S0 galaxies, are used to demonstrate the tight relationship between these two components. This relationship is discussed in light of our current understanding of the nature and origin of the interstellar medium (ISM), and in particular in the context of the interplay between the different multi-temperature components. Read More

We point out an important source of error in measurements of extragalactic H-alpha emission and suggest ways to reduce it. The H-alpha line, used for estimating star formation rates, is commonly measured by imaging in a narrow band and a wide band, both which include the line. The image analysis relies on the accurate removal of the underlying continuum. Read More

(Abridged) We present new photometric and spectroscopic observations of the famous Hoag's Object, a peculiar ring galaxy with a central roundish core. The nature of Hoag's Object is still under controversial discussion. Previous studies demonstrated that a major accretion event that took place at least 2-3 Gyr ago can account for the observational evidence. Read More

I discuss various aspects of archeoastronomy concentrating on physical artifacts (i.e., not including ethno-archeoastronomy) focusing on the period that ended about 2000 years ago. Read More

We investigate the nature of objects in a complete sample of 28 galaxies selected from the first sky area fully covered by ALFALFA, being well-detected and having HI profiles wider than 550 km/s. The selection does not use brightness, morphology, or any other property derived from optical or other spectral bands. We investigate the degree of isolation, the morphology, and other properties gathered or derived from open data bases and show that some objects have wide HI profiles probably because they are disturbed or are interacting, or might be confused in the ALFALFA beam. Read More

We present a photometric study of UGC 4599, a low-luminosity galaxy superficially resembling Hoag's Object in that on sky survey images it appears to be a complete ring surrounding a roundish core. The nature of the outer ring of Hoag-type galaxies is still debated and may be related either to slow secular evolution or to environmental processes, such as galaxy-galaxy interactions. we show that in UGC 4599 (a) the nearly round central body follows well an r^1/4 light profile almost all the way to the centre, (b) the isophotes are strongly twisted with a sharp 45 deg transition at a radius of r~6 arcsec, (c) the blue ring seems to have reached near-equilibrium configuration with the central body, (d) the ring is actually composed of a one-and-a-half turn spiral feature, and (e) one side of the spiral shows conspicuous star formation in the form of at least nine HII regions, revealed by their H_alpha emission. Read More

We present a short history of the TAUVEX instrument, conceived to provide multi-band wide-field imaging in the ultraviolet, emphasizing the lack of sufficient and aggressive support on the part of the different space agencies that dealt with this basic science mission. First conceived in 1985 and selected by the Israel Space Agency in 1989 as its first priority payload, TAUVEX is fast becoming one of the longest-living space project of space astronomy. After being denied a launch on a national Israeli satellite, and then not flying on the Spectrum X-Gamma (SRG) international observatory, it was manifested since 2003 as part of ISRO's GSAT-4 Indian satellite to be launched in the late 2000s. Read More

We present preliminary results of an optical-UV survey of the North Celestial Cap (NCCS) based on ~5% areal coverage. The NCCS will provide good photometric and astrometric data for the North Celestial Cap region (80 < DEC < 90). This region, at galactic latitudes 17 < b < 37, is poorly covered by modern CCD-based surveys. Read More

We discuss the properties of an object in the Subaru Deep Field (SDF) classified as a galaxy in on-line data bases and revealed on the Subaru images as a genuine polar-ring galaxy (PRG) candidate. We analyse available photometric data and conclude that this object consists of a >5 Gyr old early-type central body surrounded by a faint, narrow inner ring tilted at a ~25 deg angle relative to the polar axis of the host galaxy. The halo surrounding the main stellar body exhibits a diversity of spatially extended stellar features of low surface brightness, including a faint asymmetric stellar cloud and two prominent loops. Read More

We present new results from an on-going programme to study the dust extragalactic extinction law in E/S0 galaxies with dust lanes with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. The wavelength dependence of the dust extinction for seven galaxies is derived in six spectral bands ranging from the near-ultraviolet atmospheric cutoff to the near-infrared. The derivation of an extinction law is performed by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image in each spectral band, and subtracting from these the actual images. Read More

We report the results of multicolour observations of 30 E/S0 galaxies with dust lanes. For each galaxy we obtained broad-band images and narrow-band images using interference filters isolating the H\alpha +[NII] emission lines to derive the amount and morphology of dust and ionized gas. To improve the wavelength coverage we retrieved data from the SDSS and 2MASS and combined these with our data. Read More

We describe technical aspects of an astrometric and photometric survey of the North Celestial Cap (NCC), from the Pole (DEC=90 deg) to DEC=80 deg, in support of the TAUVEX mission. This region, at galactic latitudes from ~ 17 deg to ~ 37 deg, has poor coverage in modern CCD-based surveys. The observations are performed with the Wise Observatory one-meter reflector and with a new mosaic CCD camera (LAIWO) that images in the Johnson-Cousins R and I bands a one-square-degree field with subarcsec pixels. Read More

(abridged) An object classified as a galaxy in on-line data bases and revealed on sky survey images as a distant ring galaxy is a rare case of polar ring galaxy where the ring is only slightly inclined to the equatorial plane of the central body. SDSS imaging indicates that the diameter of the ring is about 36 kpc. The SDSS data was combined with long-slit spectroscopic observations and with Fabry-Perot Interferometer H-beta mapping obtained at the Russian Academy of Sciences 6-m telescope. Read More

We selected a sample of galaxies, extremely isolated in 3D redshift space, based on data from NED and the ongoing ALFALFA HI (21cm) survey. A simple selection criterion was employed: having no neighbors closer than 300 km/s in 3D redshift space. The environments of galaxies, selected using this criterion and NED data alone, were analyzed theoretically using a constrained simulation of the local Universe, and were found to be an order of magnitude less dense than environments around randomly selected galaxies. Read More

We report results concerning the distribution and properties of galactic extinction at high galactic latitudes derived from stellar statistics using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). We use the classical Wolf diagram method to identify regions with extinction, and derive the extinction and the extinction law of the dust using all five SDSS spectral bands. We estimate the distance to the extinguishing medium using simple assumptions about the stellar populations in the line of sight. Read More

Affiliations: 1SAAO, South Africa;, 2The Wise Observatory, Israel;, 3Lafayette College, USA;, 4University of Heidelberg, Germany;, 5Institute of Astronomy, UK;, 6SAO RAS, Russia

We investigate the spatial extent and structure of the Pegasus dwarf irregular galaxy using deep, wide-field, multicolour CCD photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and new deep HI observations. We study an area of ~0.6 square degrees centred on the Pegasus dwarf that was imaged by SDSS. Read More

We report H$\alpha$ observations of a sample of very isolated blue compact galaxies (BCGs) located in the direction of large cosmic voids obtained to understand their stellar population compositions, the present star formation (SF) properties, and their star formation histories (SFHs). Our observations were combined with photometric data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and near-infrared data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), wherever such data were available. The combined data sets were compared with predictions of evolutionary synthesis models by Bruzual & Charlot (2003a, 2003b). Read More

I describe attempts to identify and understand the most isolated galaxies starting from my 1983 Leiden PhD thesis, continuing through a string of graduate theses on various aspects of this topic, and concluding with an up-to-date account of the difficulty to find really isolated objects. The implication of some of the findings revealed on the way and presented here is that the nearby Universe may contain many small dark-matter haloes, and that some such haloes may possibly be accreting intergalactic gas to form dwarf galaxies. Read More

(Abridged): We present U, B, V, R, I, H-alpha and NUV photometry of 14 galaxies in the very local Universe (within 10 Mpc that are dwarf irregular galaxies (dIrr), are at low redshift (51Read More


We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2. Read More

We present the third installment of HI sources extracted from the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA extragalactic survey. This dataset continues the work of the Virgo ALFALFA catalog. The catalogs and spectra published here consist of data obtained during the 2005 and 2006 observing sessions of the survey. Read More

Affiliations: 1Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy, 2Cornell University, 3Cornell University, 4Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy, 5Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy, 6Cornell University, 7Union College, 8The Wise Observatory, Israel, 9Lafayette College, 10Wesleyan University, 11Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, France
Category: Astrophysics

We report the results of an HI blind survey of 80deg^2 of the Virgo cluster, based on the 08deg < delta < 16 deg strip of ALFALFA, the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA Survey. 187 HI sources of high significance are found providing a complete census of HI sources in this region of the Virgo cluster (-1000 10^7.5-8 M_sun. Read More

We describe the second telescope of the Wise Observatory, a 0.46-m Centurion 18 (C18) installed in 2005, which enhances significantly the observing possibilities. The telescope operates from a small dome and is equipped with a large-format CCD camera. Read More

Affiliations: 1Cornell University, 2Cornell University, 3Cornell University, 4Lafayette College, 5Cornell University, 6Cornell University, 7Cornell University, 8Wise Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

We present a second catalog of HI sources detected in the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA Survey. We report 488 detections over 135 square degrees, within the region of the sky having 22h6. Read More

We report the discovery by the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey of eight HI features not coincident with stellar counterparts in the Virgo Cluster region. All of the HI clouds have cz < 3000 km/s and, if at the Virgo distance, HI masses between 1.9 x 10**7 and 1. Read More

The number of binary asteroids in the near-Earth region might be significantly higher than expected. While Bottke and Melosh (1996) suggested that about 15% of the NEAs are binaries, as indicated from the frequency of double craters, and Pravec and Harris (2000) suggested that half of the fast-rotating NEAs are binaries, our recent study of Aten NEA lightcurves shows that the fraction of binary NEAs might be even higher than 50%. We found two asteroids with asynchronous binary characteristics such as two additive periods and fast rotation of the primary fragment. Read More

In preparation for the full Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA extragalactic HI survey, precursor observations were carried out in Aug--Sep 2004 with the 7-beam Arecibo L-band feed array (ALFA) receiver system and the WAPP spectral processors. While these observations were geared mainly at testing and debugging survey strategy, hardware and software, approximately 36 hours of telescope time yielded science--quality data. From those observations, an initial list of 730 tentative detections of varying degree of reliability was extracted. Read More

(Abridged) We present the results of high S/N long-slit spectroscopy with the Multiple Mirror and the SAO 6-m telescopes, optical imaging with the Wise 1-m telescope and HI observations with the Nancay Radio Telescope of the very metal-deficient (12+log(O/H)=7.64) luminous (M_B=-18.1) blue compact galaxy (BCG) HS 0837+4717. Read More

Affiliations: 1Tel Aviv University-Israel, 2Tel Aviv University-Israel
Category: Astrophysics

This guide presents, in a uniform manner, all the information collected by the IUE satellite on normal galaxies. It contains information on 274 galaxies and it supersedes the previous IUE guide to normal galaxies (Longo & Capaccioli 1992). The data shown here are restricted to galaxies defined as ``normal'' by the observer, and entered as such in the IUE data file header. Read More

Affiliations: 1Tel Aviv University, Israel, 2Tel Aviv University, Israel
Category: Astrophysics

We analyse the UV spectral energy distribution of a sample of normal galaxies listed in the IUE-INES Guide No. 2-Normal Galaxies (Formiggini & Brosch, 2000) using a Principal Component Analysis. The sample consists of the IUE-SW spectra of the central regions of 118 galaxies, where the IUE aperture included more than 1 per cent of the galaxy size. Read More

We investigate the assumption that the trigger of star formation in dwarf galaxies are interactions with other galaxies, in the context of a search for a "primary" trigger of a first generation of stars. This is cosmologically relevant because the galaxy formation process consists not only of the accumulation of gas in a gravitational potential well, but also of the triggering of star formation in this gas mass and also because some high-z potentially primeval galaxy blocks look like nearby star-forming dwarf galaxies. We review theoretical ideas proposed to account for the tidal interaction triggering mechanism and present a series of observational tests of this assumption using published data. Read More

I review the status of knowledge about the dwarf galaxies in the Virgo Cluster (VC) concentrating on work published after 1995. I explain the present ideas about the nature and history of the dwarf elliptical galaxies and emphasize the major increments in understanding achieved in the study of the dwarf irregular population. Special attention is given to the samples of late-type dwarf galaxies in the VC studied at the Wise Observatory(BCDs and dIs), and to a comparison of their properties. Read More

The time domain is under-exploited in an astrophysical context, because the large photographic plate collections are almost never consulted by young astronomers. This is a result of lack of education of the more recent generations of astronomers, and of the deluge of terabyte-size datasets produced by new observations. Yet astronomical plates represent a unique set of resources and their quality does NOT improve with time. Read More

Affiliations: 1Wise Observatory and Dept. of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 2Wise Observatory and Dept. of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 3Institut fuer Astronomie, University of Vienna, Austria
Category: Astrophysics

We use rest-frame Stromgren photometry to observe clusters of galaxies in a self-consistent manner from z=0 to z=0.8. Stromgren photometry of galaxies is an efficient compromise between standard broad-band photometry and spectroscopy, in the sense that it is more sensitive to subtle variations in spectral energy distributions than the former, yet much less time-consuming than the latter. Read More

Affiliations: 1The Wise Observatory and the School of Physics and Astronomy Tel Aviv University, 2The Wise Observatory and the School of Physics and Astronomy Tel Aviv University, 3The Wise Observatory and the School of Physics and Astronomy Tel Aviv University, 4Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5Astronomy Department Wesleyan University
Category: Astrophysics

We quantify the amplitude of the lopsidedness, the azimuthal angular asymmetry index, and the concentration of star forming regions, as represented by the distribution of the H$\alpha$ emission, in a sample of 78 late-type irregular galaxies. We bin the observed galaxies in two groups representing blue compact galaxies (BCDs) and low surface brightness dwarf galaxies (LSBs). The light distribution is analysed with a novel algorithm, which allows detection of details in the light distribution pattern. Read More

We present H-alpha and red continuum observations for a sample of late-type low surface brightness (LSB) dwarf irregular galaxies(DIGs), consisting of all the m_B<17.2 ImIV and V galaxies in the Virgo cluster (VC), and compare them with a representative sample of VC high surface brightness (HSB) DIGs. Line fluxes and equivalent widths are listed for individual HII regions and total H-alpha emission is measured for the entire DIG. Read More

Dwarf galaxies (DGs) are more numerous than large galaxies. Most dwarfs in clusters are dEs, but in the field they belong mostly to late types. The importance of late-type DGs in the context of the intergalactic medium (IGM) lies in the fact that (at least some) are probably ``young'' galaxies forming stars for the first time. Read More