Nan Guan

Nan Guan
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Nan Guan

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (13)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (9)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Computer Science - Other (1)

Publications Authored By Nan Guan

Federated scheduling is a promising approach to schedule parallel real-time tasks on multi-cores, where each heavy task exclusively executes on a number of dedicated processors, while light tasks are treated as sequential sporadic tasks and share the remaining processors. However, federated scheduling suffers resource waste since a heavy task with processing capacity requirement $x + \epsilon$ (where $x$ is an integer and $0 < \epsilon < 1$) needs $x + 1$ dedicated processors. In the extreme case, almost half of the processing capacity is wasted. Read More

This paper studies real-time scheduling of mixed-criticality systems where low-criticality tasks are still guaranteed some service in the high-criticality mode, with reduced execution budgets. First, we present a utilization-based schedulability test for such systems under EDF-VD scheduling. Second, we quantify the suboptimality of EDF-VD (with our test condition) in terms of speedup factors. Read More

The LHCb has discovered two new states with preferred $J^P$ quantum numbers $3/2^-$ and $5/2^+$ from $\Lambda_b$ decays. These new states can be interpreted as hidden charm pentaquarks. It has been argued that the main features of these pentaquarks can be described by diquark model. Read More

Several baryons containing a heavy b-quark, the b-baryons, have been discovered. The charmless two-body decays of b-baryons can provide a new platform for CP violating studies in a similar way as charmless two-body decays of B-meson. In b-baryon decays there are new CP violating observable related to baryon polarization. Read More

We study a class of models for neutrino mass matrix in Type-II seesaw with $A_4$ family symmetry. The resulting neutrino mass matrix can be naturally made to respect a $\mu-\tau$ exchange plus CP conjugate symmetry (GLS) with the CP violating phase $\delta$ and the mixing angle $\theta_{23}$ predicted to be $\pm\pi/2$ and $\pi/4$, respectively. When GLS is explicitly broken by complex Yukawa couplings, the model predictions for $\delta$ and $\theta_{23}$ can be significantly modified. Read More

Several baryons containing a heavy b-quark have been discovered. The decays of these states provide new platform for testing the standard model (SM). We study $CP$ violation in SM for charmless two-body decays of the flavor $SU(3)$ anti-triplet beauty baryon (b-baryon) ${\cal B} = (\Xi^-_b,\;\Xi^0_b,\;\Lambda_b^0)$ in a model independent way. Read More

The Higgs boson $H$ has the largest coupling to the top quark $t$ among the standard model (SM) fermions. This is one of the ideal places to investigate new physics beyond SM. In this work, we study the potential of determining Higgs boson $CP$ properties at the LHC and future 33 TeV and 100 TeV $pp$ colliders by analysing various operators formed from final states variables in $t\bar{t}H$ production. Read More

Several modes of $B$ decays into three pseudoscalar octet mesons PPP have been measured. These decays have provided useful information for B decays in the standard model (SM). Some of powerful tools in analyzing B decays are flavor $SU(3)$ and isospin symmetries. Read More

It is a critical issue to compute the shortest paths between nodes in networks. Exact algorithms for shortest paths are usually inapplicable for large scale networks due to the high computational complexity. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm that is applicable for large networks with high efficiency and accuracy. Read More

We carry out a $U$-spin symmetry analysis for CP violation in $B^- $ decays into three light $\pi^-\pi^-\pi^+$, $\pi^- K^-K^+$, $K^-K^-K^+$ and $K^- \pi^-\pi^+$ mesons. We clarify some subtle points in constructing decay amplitudes with $U=0$ formed by the two negatively charged light mesons in the final states. $U$-spin conserving momentum independent and momentum dependent decay amplitudes, and $U$-spin violating decay amplitudes due to quark mass difference are constructed. Read More

TThe LHCb collaboration has recently reported evidence for non-zero CP asymmetries in $B^+$ decays into $\pi^+ K^+ K^-,\; \pi^+\pi^+\pi^-,\; K^+ K^+ K^- $ and $K^+\pi^+\pi^-$. The branching ratios for these decays have also been measured with different values ranging from $5\times 10^{-6}$ to $51\times 10^{-6}$. If flavor $SU(3)$ symmetry is a good symmetry for $B$ decays, in the case that the dominant amplitude is momentum independent it is expected that branching ratios $Br$ and CP violating rate differences $\Delta_{CP} = \Gamma - \overline{\Gamma}$ satisfy, $Br(\pi^+\pi^+\pi^-) = 2Br(\pi^+ K^+ K^-)$, $Br(K^+K^+K^-) = 2 Br(K^+\pi^+\pi^-)$, and $\Delta_{CP}(\pi^+\pi^+\pi^-) = 2\Delta_{CP}(\pi^+ K^+K^-) = - \Delta_{CP}(K^+K^+K^-) = -2\Delta_{CP}(K^+\pi^+\pi^-)$. Read More

The CKM matrix describing quark mixing with three generations can be parameterized by three Euler mixing angles and one CP violating phase. In most of the parameterizations, the CP violating phase chosen is not a directly measurable quantity and is parametrization dependent. In this work, we propose to use the most accurately measured CP violating angle $\beta$ in the unitarity triangleas the phase in the CKM matrix, and construct an explicit $\beta$ parameterization. Read More

We study phenomenological implications of a radiative inverse seesaw dark matter model. In this model, because neutrino masses are generated at two loop level with inverse seesaw, the new physics mass scale can be as low as a few hundred GeV and the model also naturally contain dark matter candidate. The Yukawa couplings linking the SM leptons and new particles can be large. Read More

Seesaw mechanism provides a natural explanation of light neutrino masses through suppression of heavy seesaw scale. In inverse seesaw models the seesaw scale can be much lower than that in the usual seesaw models. If terms inducing seesaw masses are further induced by loop corrections, the seesaw scale can be lowered to be in the range probed by experiments at the LHC without fine tuning. Read More

The CKM matrix describing quark mixing with three generations can be parameterized by three mixing angles and one CP violating phase. In most of the parameterizations, the CP violating phase chosen is not a directly measurable quantity and is parametrization dependent. In this work, we propose to use experimentally measurable CP violating quantities, $\alpha$, $\beta$ or $\gamma$ in the unitarity triangle as the phase in the CKM matrix, and construct explicit $\alpha$, $\beta$ and $\gamma$ parameterizations. Read More

We study the complementarity between quark and lepton mixing angles (QLC), the sum of an angle in quark mixing and the corresponding angle in lepton mixing is $\pi/4$. Experimentally in the standard PDG parametrization, two such relations exist approximately. These QLC relations are accidental which only manifest themselves in the PDG parametrization. Read More

We study the dynamical behavior of a pair of Dp-brane and anti Dp-brane ($0 \leq p \leq 6$) moving parallel to each other in the region where the brane and anti-brane annihilation will not occur and the low energy description is valid. Given this, we perform a general analysis, in the center of mass frame, of the behavior of the effective potential with respect to the relative brane separation and find that the classical orbits of this system are in general unbound except for $p = 6$ case for which classical bound orbits exist. The non-linearity of the low energy DBI action for D-brane is important for the underlying dynamics. Read More